Transformers documentation

LLaMA

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LLaMA

Overview

The LLaMA model was proposed in LLaMA: Open and Efficient Foundation Language Models by Hugo Touvron, Thibaut Lavril, Gautier Izacard, Xavier Martinet, Marie-Anne Lachaux, Timothée Lacroix, Baptiste Rozière, Naman Goyal, Eric Hambro, Faisal Azhar, Aurelien Rodriguez, Armand Joulin, Edouard Grave, Guillaume Lample. It is a collection of foundation language models ranging from 7B to 65B parameters.

The abstract from the paper is the following:

We introduce LLaMA, a collection of foundation language models ranging from 7B to 65B parameters. We train our models on trillions of tokens, and show that it is possible to train state-of-the-art models using publicly available datasets exclusively, without resorting to proprietary and inaccessible datasets. In particular, LLaMA-13B outperforms GPT-3 (175B) on most benchmarks, and LLaMA-65B is competitive with the best models, Chinchilla-70B and PaLM-540B. We release all our models to the research community.

This model was contributed by zphang with contributions from BlackSamorez. The code of the implementation in Hugging Face is based on GPT-NeoX here. The original code of the authors can be found here.

Usage tips

  • Weights for the LLaMA models can be obtained from by filling out this form
  • After downloading the weights, they will need to be converted to the Hugging Face Transformers format using the conversion script. The script can be called with the following (example) command:
python src/transformers/models/llama/convert_llama_weights_to_hf.py \
    --input_dir /path/to/downloaded/llama/weights --model_size 7B --output_dir /output/path
  • After conversion, the model and tokenizer can be loaded via:
from transformers import LlamaForCausalLM, LlamaTokenizer

tokenizer = LlamaTokenizer.from_pretrained("/output/path")
model = LlamaForCausalLM.from_pretrained("/output/path")

Note that executing the script requires enough CPU RAM to host the whole model in float16 precision (even if the biggest versions come in several checkpoints they each contain a part of each weight of the model, so we need to load them all in RAM). For the 65B model, it’s thus 130GB of RAM needed.

  • The LLaMA tokenizer is a BPE model based on sentencepiece. One quirk of sentencepiece is that when decoding a sequence, if the first token is the start of the word (e.g. “Banana”), the tokenizer does not prepend the prefix space to the string.

This model was contributed by zphang with contributions from BlackSamorez. The code of the implementation in Hugging Face is based on GPT-NeoX here. The original code of the authors can be found here. The Flax version of the implementation was contributed by afmck with the code in the implementation based on Hugging Face’s Flax GPT-Neo.

Based on the original LLaMA model, Meta AI has released some follow-up works:

  • Llama2: Llama2 is an improved version of Llama with some architectural tweaks (Grouped Query Attention), and is pre-trained on 2Trillion tokens. Refer to the documentation of Llama2 which can be found here.

Resources

A list of official Hugging Face and community (indicated by 🌎) resources to help you get started with LLaMA. If you’re interested in submitting a resource to be included here, please feel free to open a Pull Request and we’ll review it! The resource should ideally demonstrate something new instead of duplicating an existing resource.

Text Classification
  • A notebook on how to use prompt tuning to adapt the LLaMA model for text classification task. 🌎
Question Answering

⚗️ Optimization

  • A notebook on how to fine-tune LLaMA model using xturing library on GPU which has limited memory. 🌎

⚡️ Inference

  • A notebook on how to run the LLaMA Model using PeftModel from the 🤗 PEFT library. 🌎
  • A notebook on how to load a PEFT adapter LLaMA model with LangChain. 🌎

🚀 Deploy

  • A notebook on how to fine-tune LLaMA model using LoRA method via the 🤗 PEFT library with intuitive UI. 🌎
  • A notebook on how to deploy Open-LLaMA model for text generation on Amazon SageMaker. 🌎

LlamaConfig

class transformers.LlamaConfig

< >

( vocab_size = 32000 hidden_size = 4096 intermediate_size = 11008 num_hidden_layers = 32 num_attention_heads = 32 num_key_value_heads = None hidden_act = 'silu' max_position_embeddings = 2048 initializer_range = 0.02 rms_norm_eps = 1e-06 use_cache = True pad_token_id = None bos_token_id = 1 eos_token_id = 2 pretraining_tp = 1 tie_word_embeddings = False rope_theta = 10000.0 rope_scaling = None attention_bias = False attention_dropout = 0.0 mlp_bias = False **kwargs )

Parameters

  • vocab_size (int, optional, defaults to 32000) — Vocabulary size of the LLaMA model. Defines the number of different tokens that can be represented by the inputs_ids passed when calling LlamaModel
  • hidden_size (int, optional, defaults to 4096) — Dimension of the hidden representations.
  • intermediate_size (int, optional, defaults to 11008) — Dimension of the MLP representations.
  • num_hidden_layers (int, optional, defaults to 32) — Number of hidden layers in the Transformer decoder.
  • num_attention_heads (int, optional, defaults to 32) — Number of attention heads for each attention layer in the Transformer decoder.
  • num_key_value_heads (int, optional) — This is the number of key_value heads that should be used to implement Grouped Query Attention. If num_key_value_heads=num_attention_heads, the model will use Multi Head Attention (MHA), if num_key_value_heads=1 the model will use Multi Query Attention (MQA) otherwise GQA is used. When converting a multi-head checkpoint to a GQA checkpoint, each group key and value head should be constructed by meanpooling all the original heads within that group. For more details checkout [this paper](https://arxiv.org/pdf/2305.13245.pdf). If it is not specified, will default to num_attention_heads`.
  • hidden_act (str or function, optional, defaults to "silu") — The non-linear activation function (function or string) in the decoder.
  • max_position_embeddings (int, optional, defaults to 2048) — The maximum sequence length that this model might ever be used with. Llama 1 supports up to 2048 tokens, Llama 2 up to 4096, CodeLlama up to 16384.
  • initializer_range (float, optional, defaults to 0.02) — The standard deviation of the truncated_normal_initializer for initializing all weight matrices.
  • rms_norm_eps (float, optional, defaults to 1e-06) — The epsilon used by the rms normalization layers.
  • use_cache (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not the model should return the last key/values attentions (not used by all models). Only relevant if config.is_decoder=True.
  • pad_token_id (int, optional) — Padding token id.
  • bos_token_id (int, optional, defaults to 1) — Beginning of stream token id.
  • eos_token_id (int, optional, defaults to 2) — End of stream token id.
  • pretraining_tp (int, optional, defaults to 1) — Experimental feature. Tensor parallelism rank used during pretraining. Please refer to this document to understand more about it. This value is necessary to ensure exact reproducibility of the pretraining results. Please refer to this issue.
  • tie_word_embeddings (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether to tie weight embeddings
  • rope_theta (float, optional, defaults to 10000.0) — The base period of the RoPE embeddings.
  • rope_scaling (Dict, optional) — Dictionary containing the scaling configuration for the RoPE embeddings. Currently supports two scaling strategies: linear and dynamic. Their scaling factor must be a float greater than 1. The expected format is {"type": strategy name, "factor": scaling factor}. When using this flag, don’t update max_position_embeddings to the expected new maximum. See the following thread for more information on how these scaling strategies behave: https://www.reddit.com/r/LocalLLaMA/comments/14mrgpr/dynamically_scaled_rope_further_increases/. This is an experimental feature, subject to breaking API changes in future versions.
  • attention_bias (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether to use a bias in the query, key, value and output projection layers during self-attention.
  • attention_dropout (float, optional, defaults to 0.0) — The dropout ratio for the attention probabilities.
  • mlp_bias (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether to use a bias in up_proj, down_proj and gate_proj layers in the MLP layers.

This is the configuration class to store the configuration of a LlamaModel. It is used to instantiate an LLaMA model according to the specified arguments, defining the model architecture. Instantiating a configuration with the defaults will yield a similar configuration to that of the LLaMA-7B.

Configuration objects inherit from PretrainedConfig and can be used to control the model outputs. Read the documentation from PretrainedConfig for more information.

>>> from transformers import LlamaModel, LlamaConfig

>>> # Initializing a LLaMA llama-7b style configuration
>>> configuration = LlamaConfig()

>>> # Initializing a model from the llama-7b style configuration
>>> model = LlamaModel(configuration)

>>> # Accessing the model configuration
>>> configuration = model.config

## LlamaTokenizer[[transformers.LlamaTokenizer]]

class transformers.LlamaTokenizer

< >

( vocab_file unk_token = '<unk>' bos_token = '<s>' eos_token = '</s>' pad_token = None sp_model_kwargs: Optional = None add_bos_token = True add_eos_token = False clean_up_tokenization_spaces = False use_default_system_prompt = False spaces_between_special_tokens = False legacy = None add_prefix_space = True **kwargs )

Parameters

  • vocab_file (str) — Path to the vocabulary file.
  • unk_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional, defaults to "<unk>") — The unknown token. A token that is not in the vocabulary cannot be converted to an ID and is set to be this token instead.
  • bos_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional, defaults to "<s>") — The beginning of sequence token that was used during pretraining. Can be used a sequence classifier token.
  • eos_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional, defaults to "</s>") — The end of sequence token.
  • pad_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) — A special token used to make arrays of tokens the same size for batching purpose. Will then be ignored by attention mechanisms or loss computation.
  • sp_model_kwargs (Dict[str, Any], Optional, optional) — Will be passed to the SentencePieceProcessor.__init__() method. The Python wrapper for SentencePiece can be used, among other things, to set:

    • enable_sampling: Enable subword regularization.

    • nbest_size: Sampling parameters for unigram. Invalid for BPE-Dropout.

      • nbest_size = {0,1}: No sampling is performed.
      • nbest_size > 1: samples from the nbest_size results.
      • nbest_size < 0: assuming that nbest_size is infinite and samples from the all hypothesis (lattice) using forward-filtering-and-backward-sampling algorithm.
    • alpha: Smoothing parameter for unigram sampling, and dropout probability of merge operations for BPE-dropout.

  • add_bos_token (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to add an bos_token at the start of sequences.
  • add_eos_token (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to add an eos_token at the end of sequences.
  • clean_up_tokenization_spaces (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to cleanup spaces after decoding, cleanup consists in removing potential artifacts like extra spaces.
  • use_default_system_prompt (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not the default system prompt for Llama should be used.
  • spaces_between_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to add spaces between special tokens.
  • legacy (bool, optional) — Whether or not the legacy behavior of the tokenizer should be used. Legacy is before the merge of #24622 and #25224 which includes fixes to properly handle tokens that appear after special tokens. Make sure to also set from_slow to True. A simple example:

    • legacy=True:

Construct a Llama tokenizer. Based on byte-level Byte-Pair-Encoding. The default padding token is unset as there is no padding token in the original model.

build_inputs_with_special_tokens

< >

( token_ids_0 token_ids_1 = None )

get_special_tokens_mask

< >

( token_ids_0: List token_ids_1: Optional = None already_has_special_tokens: bool = False ) List[int]

Parameters

  • token_ids_0 (List[int]) — List of IDs.
  • token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) — Optional second list of IDs for sequence pairs.
  • already_has_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not the token list is already formatted with special tokens for the model.

Returns

List[int]

A list of integers in the range [0, 1]: 1 for a special token, 0 for a sequence token.

Retrieve sequence ids from a token list that has no special tokens added. This method is called when adding special tokens using the tokenizer prepare_for_model method.

create_token_type_ids_from_sequences

< >

( token_ids_0: List token_ids_1: Optional = None ) List[int]

Parameters

  • token_ids_0 (List[int]) — List of ids.
  • token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) — Optional second list of IDs for sequence pairs.

Returns

List[int]

List of token type IDs according to the given sequence(s).

Creates a mask from the two sequences passed to be used in a sequence-pair classification task. An ALBERT

sequence pair mask has the following format:

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
| first sequence    | second sequence |

if token_ids_1 is None, only returns the first portion of the mask (0s).

save_vocabulary

< >

( save_directory filename_prefix: Optional = None ) Tuple(str)

Parameters

  • save_directory (str) — The directory in which to save the vocabulary.

Returns

Tuple(str)

Paths to the files saved.

Save the vocabulary and special tokens file to a directory.

## LlamaTokenizerFast[[transformers.LlamaTokenizerFast]]

class transformers.LlamaTokenizerFast

< >

( vocab_file = None tokenizer_file = None clean_up_tokenization_spaces = False unk_token = '<unk>' bos_token = '<s>' eos_token = '</s>' add_bos_token = True add_eos_token = False use_default_system_prompt = False legacy = None add_prefix_space = None **kwargs )

Parameters

  • vocab_file (str, optional) — SentencePiece file (generally has a .model extension) that contains the vocabulary necessary to instantiate a tokenizer.
  • tokenizer_file (str, optional) — tokenizers file (generally has a .json extension) that contains everything needed to load the tokenizer.
  • clean_up_tokenization_spaces (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to cleanup spaces after decoding, cleanup consists in removing potential artifacts like extra spaces.
  • unk_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional, defaults to "<unk>") — The unknown token. A token that is not in the vocabulary cannot be converted to an ID and is set to be this token instead.
  • bos_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional, defaults to "<s>") — The beginning of sequence token that was used during pretraining. Can be used a sequence classifier token.
  • eos_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional, defaults to "</s>") — The end of sequence token.
  • add_bos_token (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to add an bos_token at the start of sequences.
  • add_eos_token (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to add an eos_token at the end of sequences.
  • use_default_system_prompt (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not the default system prompt for Llama should be used
  • legacy (bool, optional) — Whether or not the legacy behavior of the tokenizer should be used. Legacy is before the merge of #24622 and #25224 which includes fixes to properly handle tokens that appear after special tokens. Make sure to also set from_slow to True. A simple example:

    • legacy=True:

Construct a Llama tokenizer. Based on byte-level Byte-Pair-Encoding.

This uses notably ByteFallback and no normalization.

>>> from transformers import LlamaTokenizerFast

>>> tokenizer = LlamaTokenizerFast.from_pretrained("hf-internal-testing/llama-tokenizer")
>>> tokenizer.encode("Hello this is a test")
[1, 15043, 445, 338, 263, 1243]

If you want to change the bos_token or the eos_token, make sure to specify them when initializing the model, or call tokenizer.update_post_processor() to make sure that the post-processing is correctly done (otherwise the values of the first token and final token of an encoded sequence will not be correct). For more details, checkout [post-processors] (https://huggingface.co/docs/tokenizers/api/post-processors) documentation.

This tokenizer inherits from PreTrainedTokenizerFast which contains most of the main methods. Users should refer to this superclass for more information regarding those methods.

build_inputs_with_special_tokens

< >

( token_ids_0 token_ids_1 = None )

get_special_tokens_mask

< >

( token_ids_0: List token_ids_1: Optional = None already_has_special_tokens: bool = False ) A list of integers in the range [0, 1]

Parameters

  • token_ids_0 (List[int]) — List of ids of the first sequence.
  • token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) — List of ids of the second sequence.
  • already_has_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not the token list is already formatted with special tokens for the model.

Returns

A list of integers in the range [0, 1]

1 for a special token, 0 for a sequence token.

Retrieves sequence ids from a token list that has no special tokens added. This method is called when adding special tokens using the tokenizer prepare_for_model or encode_plus methods.

create_token_type_ids_from_sequences

< >

( token_ids_0: List token_ids_1: Optional = None ) List[int]

Parameters

  • token_ids_0 (List[int]) — The first tokenized sequence.
  • token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) — The second tokenized sequence.

Returns

List[int]

The token type ids.

Create the token type IDs corresponding to the sequences passed. What are token type IDs?

Should be overridden in a subclass if the model has a special way of building those.

update_post_processor

< >

( )

Updates the underlying post processor with the current bos_token and eos_token.

save_vocabulary

< >

( save_directory: str filename_prefix: Optional = None )

## LlamaModel[[transformers.LlamaModel]]

class transformers.LlamaModel

< >

( config: LlamaConfig )

Parameters

  • config (LlamaConfig) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights. config — LlamaConfig

The bare LLaMA Model outputting raw hidden-states without any specific head on top. This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a PyTorch torch.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Transformer decoder consisting of config.num_hidden_layers layers. Each layer is a LlamaDecoderLayer

forward

< >

( input_ids: LongTensor = None attention_mask: Optional = None position_ids: Optional = None past_key_values: Union = None inputs_embeds: Optional = None use_cache: Optional = None output_attentions: Optional = None output_hidden_states: Optional = None return_dict: Optional = None cache_position: Optional = None )

Parameters

  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary. Padding will be ignored by default should you provide it.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (torch.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    If past_key_values is used, optionally only the last input_ids have to be input (see past_key_values).

    If you want to change padding behavior, you should read modeling_opt._prepare_decoder_attention_mask and modify to your needs. See diagram 1 in the paper for more information on the default strategy.

    • 1 indicates the head is not masked,
    • 0 indicates the head is masked.
  • position_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.n_positions - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • past_key_values (Cache or tuple(tuple(torch.FloatTensor)), optional) — Pre-computed hidden-states (key and values in the self-attention blocks and in the cross-attention blocks) that can be used to speed up sequential decoding. This typically consists in the past_key_values returned by the model at a previous stage of decoding, when use_cache=True or config.use_cache=True.

    Two formats are allowed:

    • a Cache instance;
    • Tuple of tuple(torch.FloatTensor) of length config.n_layers, with each tuple having 2 tensors of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, embed_size_per_head)). This is also known as the legacy cache format.

    The model will output the same cache format that is fed as input. If no past_key_values are passed, the legacy cache format will be returned.

    If past_key_values are used, the user can optionally input only the last input_ids (those that don’t have their past key value states given to this model) of shape (batch_size, 1) instead of all input_ids of shape (batch_size, sequence_length).

  • inputs_embeds (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size), optional) — Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.
  • use_cache (bool, optional) — If set to True, past_key_values key value states are returned and can be used to speed up decoding (see past_key_values).
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • cache_position (torch.LongTensor of shape (sequence_length), optional) — Indices depicting the position of the input sequence tokens in the sequence. Contrarily to position_ids, this tensor is not affected by padding. It is used to update the cache in the correct position and to infer the complete sequence length.

The LlamaModel forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

## LlamaForCausalLM[[transformers.LlamaForCausalLM]]

class transformers.LlamaForCausalLM

< >

( config )

forward

< >

( input_ids: LongTensor = None attention_mask: Optional = None position_ids: Optional = None past_key_values: Union = None inputs_embeds: Optional = None labels: Optional = None use_cache: Optional = None output_attentions: Optional = None output_hidden_states: Optional = None return_dict: Optional = None cache_position: Optional = None ) transformers.modeling_outputs.CausalLMOutputWithPast or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary. Padding will be ignored by default should you provide it.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (torch.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    If past_key_values is used, optionally only the last input_ids have to be input (see past_key_values).

    If you want to change padding behavior, you should read modeling_opt._prepare_decoder_attention_mask and modify to your needs. See diagram 1 in the paper for more information on the default strategy.

    • 1 indicates the head is not masked,
    • 0 indicates the head is masked.
  • position_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.n_positions - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • past_key_values (Cache or tuple(tuple(torch.FloatTensor)), optional) — Pre-computed hidden-states (key and values in the self-attention blocks and in the cross-attention blocks) that can be used to speed up sequential decoding. This typically consists in the past_key_values returned by the model at a previous stage of decoding, when use_cache=True or config.use_cache=True.

    Two formats are allowed:

    • a Cache instance;
    • Tuple of tuple(torch.FloatTensor) of length config.n_layers, with each tuple having 2 tensors of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, embed_size_per_head)). This is also known as the legacy cache format.

    The model will output the same cache format that is fed as input. If no past_key_values are passed, the legacy cache format will be returned.

    If past_key_values are used, the user can optionally input only the last input_ids (those that don’t have their past key value states given to this model) of shape (batch_size, 1) instead of all input_ids of shape (batch_size, sequence_length).

  • inputs_embeds (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size), optional) — Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.
  • use_cache (bool, optional) — If set to True, past_key_values key value states are returned and can be used to speed up decoding (see past_key_values).
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • cache_position (torch.LongTensor of shape (sequence_length), optional) — Indices depicting the position of the input sequence tokens in the sequence. Contrarily to position_ids, this tensor is not affected by padding. It is used to update the cache in the correct position and to infer the complete sequence length.

    Args — labels (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional): Labels for computing the masked language modeling loss. Indices should either be in [0, ..., config.vocab_size] or -100 (see input_ids docstring). Tokens with indices set to -100 are ignored (masked), the loss is only computed for the tokens with labels in [0, ..., config.vocab_size].

Returns

transformers.modeling_outputs.CausalLMOutputWithPast or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.modeling_outputs.CausalLMOutputWithPast or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (LlamaConfig) and inputs.

  • loss (torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,), optional, returned when labels is provided) — Language modeling loss (for next-token prediction).

  • logits (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.vocab_size)) — Prediction scores of the language modeling head (scores for each vocabulary token before SoftMax).

  • past_key_values (tuple(tuple(torch.FloatTensor)), optional, returned when use_cache=True is passed or when config.use_cache=True) — Tuple of tuple(torch.FloatTensor) of length config.n_layers, with each tuple having 2 tensors of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, embed_size_per_head))

    Contains pre-computed hidden-states (key and values in the self-attention blocks) that can be used (see past_key_values input) to speed up sequential decoding.

  • hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings, if the model has an embedding layer, + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the optional initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The LlamaForCausalLM forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Example:

>>> from transformers import AutoTokenizer, LlamaForCausalLM

>>> model = LlamaForCausalLM.from_pretrained("meta-llama/Llama-2-7b-hf")
>>> tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained("meta-llama/Llama-2-7b-hf")

>>> prompt = "Hey, are you conscious? Can you talk to me?"
>>> inputs = tokenizer(prompt, return_tensors="pt")

>>> # Generate
>>> generate_ids = model.generate(inputs.input_ids, max_length=30)
>>> tokenizer.batch_decode(generate_ids, skip_special_tokens=True, clean_up_tokenization_spaces=False)[0]
"Hey, are you conscious? Can you talk to me?\nI'm not conscious, but I can talk to you."

## LlamaForSequenceClassification[[transformers.LlamaForSequenceClassification]]

class transformers.LlamaForSequenceClassification

< >

( config )

Parameters

  • config (LlamaConfig) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

The LLaMa Model transformer with a sequence classification head on top (linear layer).

LlamaForSequenceClassification uses the last token in order to do the classification, as other causal models (e.g. GPT-2) do.

Since it does classification on the last token, it requires to know the position of the last token. If a pad_token_id is defined in the configuration, it finds the last token that is not a padding token in each row. If no pad_token_id is defined, it simply takes the last value in each row of the batch. Since it cannot guess the padding tokens when inputs_embeds are passed instead of input_ids, it does the same (take the last value in each row of the batch).

This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a PyTorch torch.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( input_ids: LongTensor = None attention_mask: Optional = None position_ids: Optional = None past_key_values: Union = None inputs_embeds: Optional = None labels: Optional = None use_cache: Optional = None output_attentions: Optional = None output_hidden_states: Optional = None return_dict: Optional = None )

Parameters

  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary. Padding will be ignored by default should you provide it.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (torch.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    If past_key_values is used, optionally only the last input_ids have to be input (see past_key_values).

    If you want to change padding behavior, you should read modeling_opt._prepare_decoder_attention_mask and modify to your needs. See diagram 1 in the paper for more information on the default strategy.

    • 1 indicates the head is not masked,
    • 0 indicates the head is masked.
  • position_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.n_positions - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • past_key_values (Cache or tuple(tuple(torch.FloatTensor)), optional) — Pre-computed hidden-states (key and values in the self-attention blocks and in the cross-attention blocks) that can be used to speed up sequential decoding. This typically consists in the past_key_values returned by the model at a previous stage of decoding, when use_cache=True or config.use_cache=True.

    Two formats are allowed:

    • a Cache instance;
    • Tuple of tuple(torch.FloatTensor) of length config.n_layers, with each tuple having 2 tensors of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, embed_size_per_head)). This is also known as the legacy cache format.

    The model will output the same cache format that is fed as input. If no past_key_values are passed, the legacy cache format will be returned.

    If past_key_values are used, the user can optionally input only the last input_ids (those that don’t have their past key value states given to this model) of shape (batch_size, 1) instead of all input_ids of shape (batch_size, sequence_length).

  • inputs_embeds (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size), optional) — Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.
  • use_cache (bool, optional) — If set to True, past_key_values key value states are returned and can be used to speed up decoding (see past_key_values).
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • cache_position (torch.LongTensor of shape (sequence_length), optional) — Indices depicting the position of the input sequence tokens in the sequence. Contrarily to position_ids, this tensor is not affected by padding. It is used to update the cache in the correct position and to infer the complete sequence length.
  • labels (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size,), optional) — Labels for computing the sequence classification/regression loss. Indices should be in [0, ..., config.num_labels - 1]. If config.num_labels == 1 a regression loss is computed (Mean-Square loss), If config.num_labels > 1 a classification loss is computed (Cross-Entropy).

The LlamaForSequenceClassification forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

## LlamaForQuestionAnswering[[transformers.LlamaForQuestionAnswering]]

class transformers.LlamaForQuestionAnswering

< >

( config )

Parameters

  • config (LlamaConfig) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

The Llama Model transformer with a span classification head on top for extractive question-answering tasks like SQuAD (a linear layer on top of the hidden-states output to compute span start logits and span end logits).

This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a PyTorch torch.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( input_ids: Optional = None attention_mask: Optional = None position_ids: Optional = None past_key_values: Union = None inputs_embeds: Optional = None start_positions: Optional = None end_positions: Optional = None output_attentions: Optional = None output_hidden_states: Optional = None return_dict: Optional = None )

Parameters

  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary. Padding will be ignored by default should you provide it.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (torch.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    If past_key_values is used, optionally only the last input_ids have to be input (see past_key_values).

    If you want to change padding behavior, you should read modeling_opt._prepare_decoder_attention_mask and modify to your needs. See diagram 1 in the paper for more information on the default strategy.

    • 1 indicates the head is not masked,
    • 0 indicates the head is masked.
  • position_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.n_positions - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • past_key_values (Cache or tuple(tuple(torch.FloatTensor)), optional) — Pre-computed hidden-states (key and values in the self-attention blocks and in the cross-attention blocks) that can be used to speed up sequential decoding. This typically consists in the past_key_values returned by the model at a previous stage of decoding, when use_cache=True or config.use_cache=True.

    Two formats are allowed:

    • a Cache instance;
    • Tuple of tuple(torch.FloatTensor) of length config.n_layers, with each tuple having 2 tensors of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, embed_size_per_head)). This is also known as the legacy cache format.

    The model will output the same cache format that is fed as input. If no past_key_values are passed, the legacy cache format will be returned.

    If past_key_values are used, the user can optionally input only the last input_ids (those that don’t have their past key value states given to this model) of shape (batch_size, 1) instead of all input_ids of shape (batch_size, sequence_length).

  • inputs_embeds (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size), optional) — Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.
  • use_cache (bool, optional) — If set to True, past_key_values key value states are returned and can be used to speed up decoding (see past_key_values).
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • cache_position (torch.LongTensor of shape (sequence_length), optional) — Indices depicting the position of the input sequence tokens in the sequence. Contrarily to position_ids, this tensor is not affected by padding. It is used to update the cache in the correct position and to infer the complete sequence length.
  • start_positions (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size,), optional) — Labels for position (index) of the start of the labelled span for computing the token classification loss. Positions are clamped to the length of the sequence (sequence_length). Position outside of the sequence are not taken into account for computing the loss.
  • end_positions (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size,), optional) — Labels for position (index) of the end of the labelled span for computing the token classification loss. Positions are clamped to the length of the sequence (sequence_length). Position outside of the sequence are not taken into account for computing the loss.

The LlamaForQuestionAnswering forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

## LlamaForTokenClassification[[transformers.LlamaForTokenClassification]]

class transformers.LlamaForTokenClassification

< >

( config )

Parameters

  • config (LlamaConfig) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

The Llama Model transformer with a token classification head on top (a linear layer on top of the hidden-states output) e.g. for Named-Entity-Recognition (NER) tasks.

This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a PyTorch torch.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( input_ids: LongTensor = None attention_mask: Optional = None position_ids: Optional = None past_key_values: Optional = None inputs_embeds: Optional = None labels: Optional = None use_cache: Optional = None output_attentions: Optional = None output_hidden_states: Optional = None return_dict: Optional = None )

Parameters

  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary. Padding will be ignored by default should you provide it.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (torch.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    If past_key_values is used, optionally only the last input_ids have to be input (see past_key_values).

    If you want to change padding behavior, you should read modeling_opt._prepare_decoder_attention_mask and modify to your needs. See diagram 1 in the paper for more information on the default strategy.

    • 1 indicates the head is not masked,
    • 0 indicates the head is masked.
  • position_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.n_positions - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • past_key_values (Cache or tuple(tuple(torch.FloatTensor)), optional) — Pre-computed hidden-states (key and values in the self-attention blocks and in the cross-attention blocks) that can be used to speed up sequential decoding. This typically consists in the past_key_values returned by the model at a previous stage of decoding, when use_cache=True or config.use_cache=True.

    Two formats are allowed:

    • a Cache instance;
    • Tuple of tuple(torch.FloatTensor) of length config.n_layers, with each tuple having 2 tensors of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, embed_size_per_head)). This is also known as the legacy cache format.

    The model will output the same cache format that is fed as input. If no past_key_values are passed, the legacy cache format will be returned.

    If past_key_values are used, the user can optionally input only the last input_ids (those that don’t have their past key value states given to this model) of shape (batch_size, 1) instead of all input_ids of shape (batch_size, sequence_length).

  • inputs_embeds (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size), optional) — Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.
  • use_cache (bool, optional) — If set to True, past_key_values key value states are returned and can be used to speed up decoding (see past_key_values).
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • cache_position (torch.LongTensor of shape (sequence_length), optional) — Indices depicting the position of the input sequence tokens in the sequence. Contrarily to position_ids, this tensor is not affected by padding. It is used to update the cache in the correct position and to infer the complete sequence length.
  • labels (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size,), optional) — Labels for computing the sequence classification/regression loss. Indices should be in [0, ..., config.num_labels - 1]. If config.num_labels == 1 a regression loss is computed (Mean-Square loss), If config.num_labels > 1 a classification loss is computed (Cross-Entropy).

The LlamaForTokenClassification forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

## FlaxLlamaModel[[transformers.FlaxLlamaModel]]

class transformers.FlaxLlamaModel

< >

( config: LlamaConfig input_shape: Tuple = (1, 1) seed: int = 0 dtype: dtype = <class 'jax.numpy.float32'> _do_init: bool = True **kwargs )

Parameters

  • config (LlamaConfig) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.
  • dtype (jax.numpy.dtype, optional, defaults to jax.numpy.float32) — The data type of the computation. Can be one of jax.numpy.float32, jax.numpy.float16, or jax.numpy.bfloat16.

    This can be used to enable mixed-precision training or half-precision inference on GPUs or TPUs. If specified all the computation will be performed with the given dtype.

    Note that this only specifies the dtype of the computation and does not influence the dtype of model parameters.

    If you wish to change the dtype of the model parameters, see to_fp16() and to_bf16().

The bare Llama Model transformer outputting raw hidden-states without any specific head on top.

This model inherits from FlaxPreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a Flax Linen flax.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular Flax Module and refer to the Flax documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Finally, this model supports inherent JAX features such as:

__call__

< >

( input_ids attention_mask = None position_ids = None params: dict = None past_key_values: dict = None dropout_rng: PRNGKey = None train: bool = False output_attentions: Optional = None output_hidden_states: Optional = None return_dict: Optional = None ) transformers.modeling_flax_outputs.FlaxBaseModelOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • input_ids (numpy.ndarray of shape (batch_size, input_ids_length)) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary. Padding will be ignored by default should you provide it.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (numpy.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    If past_key_values is used, optionally only the last decoder_input_ids have to be input (see past_key_values).

    If you want to change padding behavior, you should read modeling_opt._prepare_decoder_attention_mask and modify to your needs. See diagram 1 in the paper for more information on the default strategy.

    • 1 indicates the head is not masked,
    • 0 indicates the head is masked.
  • position_ids (numpy.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.n_positions - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • past_key_values (Dict[str, np.ndarray], optional, returned by init_cache or when passing previous past_key_values) — Dictionary of pre-computed hidden-states (key and values in the attention blocks) that can be used for fast auto-regressive decoding. Pre-computed key and value hidden-states are of shape [batch_size, max_length].
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

Returns

transformers.modeling_flax_outputs.FlaxBaseModelOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.modeling_flax_outputs.FlaxBaseModelOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (LlamaConfig) and inputs.

  • last_hidden_state (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size)) — Sequence of hidden-states at the output of the last layer of the model.

  • hidden_states (tuple(jnp.ndarray), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of jnp.ndarray (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(jnp.ndarray), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of jnp.ndarray (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The FlaxLlamaPreTrainedModel forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

This example uses a random model as the real ones are all very big. To get proper results, you should use openlm-research/open_llama_3b_v2 instead of afmck/testing-llama-tiny. If you get out-of-memory when loading that checkpoint, you can try adding device_map="auto" in the from_pretrained call.

Example:

>>> from transformers import AutoTokenizer, FlaxLlamaModel

>>> tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained("afmck/testing-llama-tiny")
>>> model = FlaxLlamaModel.from_pretrained("afmck/testing-llama-tiny")

>>> inputs = tokenizer("Hello, my dog is cute", return_tensors="jax")
>>> outputs = model(**inputs)

>>> last_hidden_states = outputs.last_hidden_state

## FlaxLlamaForCausalLM[[transformers.FlaxLlamaForCausalLM]]

class transformers.FlaxLlamaForCausalLM

< >

( config: LlamaConfig input_shape: Tuple = (1, 1) seed: int = 0 dtype: dtype = <class 'jax.numpy.float32'> _do_init: bool = True **kwargs )

Parameters

  • config (LlamaConfig) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.
  • dtype (jax.numpy.dtype, optional, defaults to jax.numpy.float32) — The data type of the computation. Can be one of jax.numpy.float32, jax.numpy.float16, or jax.numpy.bfloat16.

    This can be used to enable mixed-precision training or half-precision inference on GPUs or TPUs. If specified all the computation will be performed with the given dtype.

    Note that this only specifies the dtype of the computation and does not influence the dtype of model parameters.

    If you wish to change the dtype of the model parameters, see to_fp16() and to_bf16().

The Llama Model transformer with a language modeling head (linear layer) on top.

This model inherits from FlaxPreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a Flax Linen flax.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular Flax Module and refer to the Flax documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Finally, this model supports inherent JAX features such as:

__call__

< >

( input_ids attention_mask = None position_ids = None params: dict = None past_key_values: dict = None dropout_rng: PRNGKey = None train: bool = False output_attentions: Optional = None output_hidden_states: Optional = None return_dict: Optional = None ) transformers.modeling_flax_outputs.FlaxMaskedLMOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • input_ids (numpy.ndarray of shape (batch_size, input_ids_length)) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary. Padding will be ignored by default should you provide it.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (numpy.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    If past_key_values is used, optionally only the last decoder_input_ids have to be input (see past_key_values).

    If you want to change padding behavior, you should read modeling_opt._prepare_decoder_attention_mask and modify to your needs. See diagram 1 in the paper for more information on the default strategy.

    • 1 indicates the head is not masked,
    • 0 indicates the head is masked.
  • position_ids (numpy.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.n_positions - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • past_key_values (Dict[str, np.ndarray], optional, returned by init_cache or when passing previous past_key_values) — Dictionary of pre-computed hidden-states (key and values in the attention blocks) that can be used for fast auto-regressive decoding. Pre-computed key and value hidden-states are of shape [batch_size, max_length].
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

Returns

transformers.modeling_flax_outputs.FlaxMaskedLMOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.modeling_flax_outputs.FlaxMaskedLMOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (LlamaConfig) and inputs.

  • logits (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.vocab_size)) — Prediction scores of the language modeling head (scores for each vocabulary token before SoftMax).

  • hidden_states (tuple(jnp.ndarray), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of jnp.ndarray (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(jnp.ndarray), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of jnp.ndarray (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The FlaxLlamaPreTrainedModel forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

This example uses a random model as the real ones are all very big. To get proper results, you should use openlm-research/open_llama_3b_v2 instead of afmck/testing-llama-tiny. If you get out-of-memory when loading that checkpoint, you can try adding device_map="auto" in the from_pretrained call.

Example:

>>> from transformers import AutoTokenizer, FlaxLlamaForCausalLM

>>> tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained("afmck/testing-llama-tiny")
>>> model = FlaxLlamaForCausalLM.from_pretrained("afmck/testing-llama-tiny")

>>> inputs = tokenizer("Hello, my dog is cute", return_tensors="np")
>>> outputs = model(**inputs)

>>> # retrieve logts for next token
>>> next_token_logits = outputs.logits[:, -1]
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