Transformers documentation

๐Ÿค— Transformers

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๐Ÿค— Transformers

State-of-the-art Machine Learning for PyTorch, TensorFlow and JAX.

๐Ÿค— Transformers provides APIs to easily download and train state-of-the-art pretrained models. Using pretrained models can reduce your compute costs, carbon footprint, and save you time from training a model from scratch. The models can be used across different modalities such as:

  • ๐Ÿ“ Text: text classification, information extraction, question answering, summarization, translation, and text generation in over 100 languages.
  • ๐Ÿ–ผ๏ธ Images: image classification, object detection, and segmentation.
  • ๐Ÿ—ฃ๏ธ Audio: speech recognition and audio classification.
  • ๐Ÿ™ Multimodal: table question answering, optical character recognition, information extraction from scanned documents, video classification, and visual question answering.

Our library supports seamless integration between three of the most popular deep learning libraries: PyTorch, TensorFlow and JAX. Train your model in three lines of code in one framework, and load it for inference with another.

Each ๐Ÿค— Transformers architecture is defined in a standalone Python module so they can be easily customized for research and experiments.

If you are looking for custom support from the Hugging Face team

HuggingFace Expert Acceleration Program

Contents

The documentation is organized in five parts:

  • GET STARTED contains a quick tour and installation instructions to get up and running with ๐Ÿค— Transformers.

  • TUTORIALS are a great place to begin if you are new to our library. This section will help you gain the basic skills you need to start using ๐Ÿค— Transformers.

  • HOW-TO GUIDES will show you how to achieve a specific goal like fine-tuning a pretrained model for language modeling or how to create a custom model head.

  • CONCEPTUAL GUIDES provides more discussion and explanation of the underlying concepts and ideas behind models, tasks, and the design philosophy of ๐Ÿค— Transformers.

  • API describes each class and function, grouped in:

    • MAIN CLASSES for the main classes exposing the important APIs of the library.
    • MODELS for the classes and functions related to each model implemented in the library.
    • INTERNAL HELPERS for the classes and functions we use internally.

The library currently contains JAX, PyTorch and TensorFlow implementations, pretrained model weights, usage scripts and conversion utilities for the following models.

Supported models

  1. ALBERT (from Google Research and the Toyota Technological Institute at Chicago) released with the paper ALBERT: A Lite BERT for Self-supervised Learning of Language Representations, by Zhenzhong Lan, Mingda Chen, Sebastian Goodman, Kevin Gimpel, Piyush Sharma, Radu Soricut.
  2. BART (from Facebook) released with the paper BART: Denoising Sequence-to-Sequence Pre-training for Natural Language Generation, Translation, and Comprehension by Mike Lewis, Yinhan Liu, Naman Goyal, Marjan Ghazvininejad, Abdelrahman Mohamed, Omer Levy, Ves Stoyanov and Luke Zettlemoyer.
  3. BARThez (from ร‰cole polytechnique) released with the paper BARThez: a Skilled Pretrained French Sequence-to-Sequence Model by Moussa Kamal Eddine, Antoine J.-P. Tixier, Michalis Vazirgiannis.
  4. BARTpho (from VinAI Research) released with the paper BARTpho: Pre-trained Sequence-to-Sequence Models for Vietnamese by Nguyen Luong Tran, Duong Minh Le and Dat Quoc Nguyen.
  5. BEiT (from Microsoft) released with the paper BEiT: BERT Pre-Training of Image Transformers by Hangbo Bao, Li Dong, Furu Wei.
  6. BERT (from Google) released with the paper BERT: Pre-training of Deep Bidirectional Transformers for Language Understanding by Jacob Devlin, Ming-Wei Chang, Kenton Lee and Kristina Toutanova.
  7. BERT For Sequence Generation (from Google) released with the paper Leveraging Pre-trained Checkpoints for Sequence Generation Tasks by Sascha Rothe, Shashi Narayan, Aliaksei Severyn.
  8. BERTweet (from VinAI Research) released with the paper BERTweet: A pre-trained language model for English Tweets by Dat Quoc Nguyen, Thanh Vu and Anh Tuan Nguyen.
  9. BigBird-Pegasus (from Google Research) released with the paper Big Bird: Transformers for Longer Sequences by Manzil Zaheer, Guru Guruganesh, Avinava Dubey, Joshua Ainslie, Chris Alberti, Santiago Ontanon, Philip Pham, Anirudh Ravula, Qifan Wang, Li Yang, Amr Ahmed.
  10. BigBird-RoBERTa (from Google Research) released with the paper Big Bird: Transformers for Longer Sequences by Manzil Zaheer, Guru Guruganesh, Avinava Dubey, Joshua Ainslie, Chris Alberti, Santiago Ontanon, Philip Pham, Anirudh Ravula, Qifan Wang, Li Yang, Amr Ahmed.
  11. Blenderbot (from Facebook) released with the paper Recipes for building an open-domain chatbot by Stephen Roller, Emily Dinan, Naman Goyal, Da Ju, Mary Williamson, Yinhan Liu, Jing Xu, Myle Ott, Kurt Shuster, Eric M. Smith, Y-Lan Boureau, Jason Weston.
  12. BlenderbotSmall (from Facebook) released with the paper Recipes for building an open-domain chatbot by Stephen Roller, Emily Dinan, Naman Goyal, Da Ju, Mary Williamson, Yinhan Liu, Jing Xu, Myle Ott, Kurt Shuster, Eric M. Smith, Y-Lan Boureau, Jason Weston.
  13. BLOOM (from BigScience workshop) released by the BigSicence Workshop.
  14. BORT (from Alexa) released with the paper Optimal Subarchitecture Extraction For BERT by Adrian de Wynter and Daniel J. Perry.
  15. ByT5 (from Google Research) released with the paper ByT5: Towards a token-free future with pre-trained byte-to-byte models by Linting Xue, Aditya Barua, Noah Constant, Rami Al-Rfou, Sharan Narang, Mihir Kale, Adam Roberts, Colin Raffel.
  16. CamemBERT (from Inria/Facebook/Sorbonne) released with the paper CamemBERT: a Tasty French Language Model by Louis Martin, Benjamin Muller, Pedro Javier Ortiz Suรกrez*, Yoann Dupont, Laurent Romary, ร‰ric Villemonte de la Clergerie, Djamรฉ Seddah and Benoรฎt Sagot.
  17. CANINE (from Google Research) released with the paper CANINE: Pre-training an Efficient Tokenization-Free Encoder for Language Representation by Jonathan H. Clark, Dan Garrette, Iulia Turc, John Wieting.
  18. CLIP (from OpenAI) released with the paper Learning Transferable Visual Models From Natural Language Supervision by Alec Radford, Jong Wook Kim, Chris Hallacy, Aditya Ramesh, Gabriel Goh, Sandhini Agarwal, Girish Sastry, Amanda Askell, Pamela Mishkin, Jack Clark, Gretchen Krueger, Ilya Sutskever.
  19. CodeGen (from Salesforce) released with the paper A Conversational Paradigm for Program Synthesis by Erik Nijkamp, Bo Pang, Hiroaki Hayashi, Lifu Tu, Huan Wang, Yingbo Zhou, Silvio Savarese, Caiming Xiong.
  20. ConvBERT (from YituTech) released with the paper ConvBERT: Improving BERT with Span-based Dynamic Convolution by Zihang Jiang, Weihao Yu, Daquan Zhou, Yunpeng Chen, Jiashi Feng, Shuicheng Yan.
  21. ConvNeXT (from Facebook AI) released with the paper A ConvNet for the 2020s by Zhuang Liu, Hanzi Mao, Chao-Yuan Wu, Christoph Feichtenhofer, Trevor Darrell, Saining Xie.
  22. CPM (from Tsinghua University) released with the paper CPM: A Large-scale Generative Chinese Pre-trained Language Model by Zhengyan Zhang, Xu Han, Hao Zhou, Pei Ke, Yuxian Gu, Deming Ye, Yujia Qin, Yusheng Su, Haozhe Ji, Jian Guan, Fanchao Qi, Xiaozhi Wang, Yanan Zheng, Guoyang Zeng, Huanqi Cao, Shengqi Chen, Daixuan Li, Zhenbo Sun, Zhiyuan Liu, Minlie Huang, Wentao Han, Jie Tang, Juanzi Li, Xiaoyan Zhu, Maosong Sun.
  23. CTRL (from Salesforce) released with the paper CTRL: A Conditional Transformer Language Model for Controllable Generation by Nitish Shirish Keskar, Bryan McCann, Lav R. Varshney, Caiming Xiong and Richard Socher.
  24. CvT (from Microsoft) released with the paper CvT: Introducing Convolutions to Vision Transformers by Haiping Wu, Bin Xiao, Noel Codella, Mengchen Liu, Xiyang Dai, Lu Yuan, Lei Zhang.
  25. Data2Vec (from Facebook) released with the paper Data2Vec: A General Framework for Self-supervised Learning in Speech, Vision and Language by Alexei Baevski, Wei-Ning Hsu, Qiantong Xu, Arun Babu, Jiatao Gu, Michael Auli.
  26. DeBERTa (from Microsoft) released with the paper DeBERTa: Decoding-enhanced BERT with Disentangled Attention by Pengcheng He, Xiaodong Liu, Jianfeng Gao, Weizhu Chen.
  27. DeBERTa-v2 (from Microsoft) released with the paper DeBERTa: Decoding-enhanced BERT with Disentangled Attention by Pengcheng He, Xiaodong Liu, Jianfeng Gao, Weizhu Chen.
  28. Decision Transformer (from Berkeley/Facebook/Google) released with the paper Decision Transformer: Reinforcement Learning via Sequence Modeling by Lili Chen, Kevin Lu, Aravind Rajeswaran, Kimin Lee, Aditya Grover, Michael Laskin, Pieter Abbeel, Aravind Srinivas, Igor Mordatch.
  29. DeiT (from Facebook) released with the paper Training data-efficient image transformers & distillation through attention by Hugo Touvron, Matthieu Cord, Matthijs Douze, Francisco Massa, Alexandre Sablayrolles, Hervรฉ Jรฉgou.
  30. DETR (from Facebook) released with the paper End-to-End Object Detection with Transformers by Nicolas Carion, Francisco Massa, Gabriel Synnaeve, Nicolas Usunier, Alexander Kirillov, Sergey Zagoruyko.
  31. DialoGPT (from Microsoft Research) released with the paper DialoGPT: Large-Scale Generative Pre-training for Conversational Response Generation by Yizhe Zhang, Siqi Sun, Michel Galley, Yen-Chun Chen, Chris Brockett, Xiang Gao, Jianfeng Gao, Jingjing Liu, Bill Dolan.
  32. DistilBERT (from HuggingFace), released together with the paper DistilBERT, a distilled version of BERT: smaller, faster, cheaper and lighter by Victor Sanh, Lysandre Debut and Thomas Wolf. The same method has been applied to compress GPT2 into DistilGPT2, RoBERTa into DistilRoBERTa, Multilingual BERT into DistilmBERT and a German version of DistilBERT.
  33. DiT (from Microsoft Research) released with the paper DiT: Self-supervised Pre-training for Document Image Transformer by Junlong Li, Yiheng Xu, Tengchao Lv, Lei Cui, Cha Zhang, Furu Wei.
  34. DPR (from Facebook) released with the paper Dense Passage Retrieval for Open-Domain Question Answering by Vladimir Karpukhin, Barlas OฤŸuz, Sewon Min, Patrick Lewis, Ledell Wu, Sergey Edunov, Danqi Chen, and Wen-tau Yih.
  35. DPT (from Intel Labs) released with the paper Vision Transformers for Dense Prediction by Renรฉ Ranftl, Alexey Bochkovskiy, Vladlen Koltun.
  36. ELECTRA (from Google Research/Stanford University) released with the paper ELECTRA: Pre-training text encoders as discriminators rather than generators by Kevin Clark, Minh-Thang Luong, Quoc V. Le, Christopher D. Manning.
  37. EncoderDecoder (from Google Research) released with the paper Leveraging Pre-trained Checkpoints for Sequence Generation Tasks by Sascha Rothe, Shashi Narayan, Aliaksei Severyn.
  38. FlauBERT (from CNRS) released with the paper FlauBERT: Unsupervised Language Model Pre-training for French by Hang Le, Loรฏc Vial, Jibril Frej, Vincent Segonne, Maximin Coavoux, Benjamin Lecouteux, Alexandre Allauzen, Benoรฎt Crabbรฉ, Laurent Besacier, Didier Schwab.
  39. FLAVA (from Facebook AI) released with the paper FLAVA: A Foundational Language And Vision Alignment Model by Amanpreet Singh, Ronghang Hu, Vedanuj Goswami, Guillaume Couairon, Wojciech Galuba, Marcus Rohrbach, and Douwe Kiela.
  40. FNet (from Google Research) released with the paper FNet: Mixing Tokens with Fourier Transforms by James Lee-Thorp, Joshua Ainslie, Ilya Eckstein, Santiago Ontanon.
  41. Funnel Transformer (from CMU/Google Brain) released with the paper Funnel-Transformer: Filtering out Sequential Redundancy for Efficient Language Processing by Zihang Dai, Guokun Lai, Yiming Yang, Quoc V. Le.
  42. GLPN (from KAIST) released with the paper Global-Local Path Networks for Monocular Depth Estimation with Vertical CutDepth by Doyeon Kim, Woonghyun Ga, Pyungwhan Ahn, Donggyu Joo, Sehwan Chun, Junmo Kim.
  43. GPT (from OpenAI) released with the paper Improving Language Understanding by Generative Pre-Training by Alec Radford, Karthik Narasimhan, Tim Salimans and Ilya Sutskever.
  44. GPT Neo (from EleutherAI) released in the repository EleutherAI/gpt-neo by Sid Black, Stella Biderman, Leo Gao, Phil Wang and Connor Leahy.
  45. GPT NeoX (from EleutherAI) released with the paper GPT-NeoX-20B: An Open-Source Autoregressive Language Model by Sid Black, Stella Biderman, Eric Hallahan, Quentin Anthony, Leo Gao, Laurence Golding, Horace He, Connor Leahy, Kyle McDonell, Jason Phang, Michael Pieler, USVSN Sai Prashanth, Shivanshu Purohit, Laria Reynolds, Jonathan Tow, Ben Wang, Samuel Weinbach
  46. GPT-2 (from OpenAI) released with the paper Language Models are Unsupervised Multitask Learners by Alec Radford, Jeffrey Wu, Rewon Child, David Luan, Dario Amodeiand Ilya Sutskever.
  47. GPT-J (from EleutherAI) released in the repository kingoflolz/mesh-transformer-jax by Ben Wang and Aran Komatsuzaki.
  48. GroupViT (from UCSD, NVIDIA) released with the paper GroupViT: Semantic Segmentation Emerges from Text Supervision by Jiarui Xu, Shalini De Mello, Sifei Liu, Wonmin Byeon, Thomas Breuel, Jan Kautz, Xiaolong Wang.
  49. Hubert (from Facebook) released with the paper HuBERT: Self-Supervised Speech Representation Learning by Masked Prediction of Hidden Units by Wei-Ning Hsu, Benjamin Bolte, Yao-Hung Hubert Tsai, Kushal Lakhotia, Ruslan Salakhutdinov, Abdelrahman Mohamed.
  50. I-BERT (from Berkeley) released with the paper I-BERT: Integer-only BERT Quantization by Sehoon Kim, Amir Gholami, Zhewei Yao, Michael W. Mahoney, Kurt Keutzer.
  51. ImageGPT (from OpenAI) released with the paper Generative Pretraining from Pixels by Mark Chen, Alec Radford, Rewon Child, Jeffrey Wu, Heewoo Jun, David Luan, Ilya Sutskever.
  52. LayoutLM (from Microsoft Research Asia) released with the paper LayoutLM: Pre-training of Text and Layout for Document Image Understanding by Yiheng Xu, Minghao Li, Lei Cui, Shaohan Huang, Furu Wei, Ming Zhou.
  53. LayoutLMv2 (from Microsoft Research Asia) released with the paper LayoutLMv2: Multi-modal Pre-training for Visually-Rich Document Understanding by Yang Xu, Yiheng Xu, Tengchao Lv, Lei Cui, Furu Wei, Guoxin Wang, Yijuan Lu, Dinei Florencio, Cha Zhang, Wanxiang Che, Min Zhang, Lidong Zhou.
  54. LayoutLMv3 (from Microsoft Research Asia) released with the paper LayoutLMv3: Pre-training for Document AI with Unified Text and Image Masking by Yupan Huang, Tengchao Lv, Lei Cui, Yutong Lu, Furu Wei.
  55. LayoutXLM (from Microsoft Research Asia) released with the paper LayoutXLM: Multimodal Pre-training for Multilingual Visually-rich Document Understanding by Yiheng Xu, Tengchao Lv, Lei Cui, Guoxin Wang, Yijuan Lu, Dinei Florencio, Cha Zhang, Furu Wei.
  56. LED (from AllenAI) released with the paper Longformer: The Long-Document Transformer by Iz Beltagy, Matthew E. Peters, Arman Cohan.
  57. LeViT (from Meta AI) released with the paper LeViT: A Vision Transformer in ConvNetโ€™s Clothing for Faster Inference by Ben Graham, Alaaeldin El-Nouby, Hugo Touvron, Pierre Stock, Armand Joulin, Hervรฉ Jรฉgou, Matthijs Douze.
  58. Longformer (from AllenAI) released with the paper Longformer: The Long-Document Transformer by Iz Beltagy, Matthew E. Peters, Arman Cohan.
  59. LongT5 (from Google AI) released with the paper LongT5: Efficient Text-To-Text Transformer for Long Sequences by Mandy Guo, Joshua Ainslie, David Uthus, Santiago Ontanon, Jianmo Ni, Yun-Hsuan Sung, Yinfei Yang.
  60. LUKE (from Studio Ousia) released with the paper LUKE: Deep Contextualized Entity Representations with Entity-aware Self-attention by Ikuya Yamada, Akari Asai, Hiroyuki Shindo, Hideaki Takeda, Yuji Matsumoto.
  61. LXMERT (from UNC Chapel Hill) released with the paper LXMERT: Learning Cross-Modality Encoder Representations from Transformers for Open-Domain Question Answering by Hao Tan and Mohit Bansal.
  62. M-CTC-T (from Facebook) released with the paper Pseudo-Labeling For Massively Multilingual Speech Recognition by Loren Lugosch, Tatiana Likhomanenko, Gabriel Synnaeve, and Ronan Collobert.
  63. M2M100 (from Facebook) released with the paper Beyond English-Centric Multilingual Machine Translation by Angela Fan, Shruti Bhosale, Holger Schwenk, Zhiyi Ma, Ahmed El-Kishky, Siddharth Goyal, Mandeep Baines, Onur Celebi, Guillaume Wenzek, Vishrav Chaudhary, Naman Goyal, Tom Birch, Vitaliy Liptchinsky, Sergey Edunov, Edouard Grave, Michael Auli, Armand Joulin.
  64. MarianMT Machine translation models trained using OPUS data by Jรถrg Tiedemann. The Marian Framework is being developed by the Microsoft Translator Team.
  65. MaskFormer (from Meta and UIUC) released with the paper Per-Pixel Classification is Not All You Need for Semantic Segmentation by Bowen Cheng, Alexander G. Schwing, Alexander Kirillov.
  66. mBART (from Facebook) released with the paper Multilingual Denoising Pre-training for Neural Machine Translation by Yinhan Liu, Jiatao Gu, Naman Goyal, Xian Li, Sergey Edunov, Marjan Ghazvininejad, Mike Lewis, Luke Zettlemoyer.
  67. mBART-50 (from Facebook) released with the paper Multilingual Translation with Extensible Multilingual Pretraining and Finetuning by Yuqing Tang, Chau Tran, Xian Li, Peng-Jen Chen, Naman Goyal, Vishrav Chaudhary, Jiatao Gu, Angela Fan.
  68. Megatron-BERT (from NVIDIA) released with the paper Megatron-LM: Training Multi-Billion Parameter Language Models Using Model Parallelism by Mohammad Shoeybi, Mostofa Patwary, Raul Puri, Patrick LeGresley, Jared Casper and Bryan Catanzaro.
  69. Megatron-GPT2 (from NVIDIA) released with the paper Megatron-LM: Training Multi-Billion Parameter Language Models Using Model Parallelism by Mohammad Shoeybi, Mostofa Patwary, Raul Puri, Patrick LeGresley, Jared Casper and Bryan Catanzaro.
  70. mLUKE (from Studio Ousia) released with the paper mLUKE: The Power of Entity Representations in Multilingual Pretrained Language Models by Ryokan Ri, Ikuya Yamada, and Yoshimasa Tsuruoka.
  71. MobileBERT (from CMU/Google Brain) released with the paper MobileBERT: a Compact Task-Agnostic BERT for Resource-Limited Devices by Zhiqing Sun, Hongkun Yu, Xiaodan Song, Renjie Liu, Yiming Yang, and Denny Zhou.
  72. MobileViT (from Apple) released with the paper MobileViT: Light-weight, General-purpose, and Mobile-friendly Vision Transformer by Sachin Mehta and Mohammad Rastegari.
  73. MPNet (from Microsoft Research) released with the paper MPNet: Masked and Permuted Pre-training for Language Understanding by Kaitao Song, Xu Tan, Tao Qin, Jianfeng Lu, Tie-Yan Liu.
  74. MT5 (from Google AI) released with the paper mT5: A massively multilingual pre-trained text-to-text transformer by Linting Xue, Noah Constant, Adam Roberts, Mihir Kale, Rami Al-Rfou, Aditya Siddhant, Aditya Barua, Colin Raffel.
  75. MVP (from RUC AI Box) released with the paper MVP: Multi-task Supervised Pre-training for Natural Language Generation by Tianyi Tang, Junyi Li, Wayne Xin Zhao and Ji-Rong Wen.
  76. Nezha (from Huawei Noahโ€™s Ark Lab) released with the paper NEZHA: Neural Contextualized Representation for Chinese Language Understanding by Junqiu Wei, Xiaozhe Ren, Xiaoguang Li, Wenyong Huang, Yi Liao, Yasheng Wang, Jiashu Lin, Xin Jiang, Xiao Chen and Qun Liu.
  77. Nystrรถmformer (from the University of Wisconsin - Madison) released with the paper Nystrรถmformer: A Nystrรถm-Based Algorithm for Approximating Self-Attention by Yunyang Xiong, Zhanpeng Zeng, Rudrasis Chakraborty, Mingxing Tan, Glenn Fung, Yin Li, Vikas Singh.
  78. OPT (from Meta AI) released with the paper OPT: Open Pre-trained Transformer Language Models by Susan Zhang, Stephen Roller, Naman Goyal, Mikel Artetxe, Moya Chen, Shuohui Chen et al.
  79. Pegasus (from Google) released with the paper PEGASUS: Pre-training with Extracted Gap-sentences for Abstractive Summarization by Jingqing Zhang, Yao Zhao, Mohammad Saleh and Peter J. Liu.
  80. Perceiver IO (from Deepmind) released with the paper Perceiver IO: A General Architecture for Structured Inputs & Outputs by Andrew Jaegle, Sebastian Borgeaud, Jean-Baptiste Alayrac, Carl Doersch, Catalin Ionescu, David Ding, Skanda Koppula, Daniel Zoran, Andrew Brock, Evan Shelhamer, Olivier Hรฉnaff, Matthew M. Botvinick, Andrew Zisserman, Oriol Vinyals, Joรฃo Carreira.
  81. PhoBERT (from VinAI Research) released with the paper PhoBERT: Pre-trained language models for Vietnamese by Dat Quoc Nguyen and Anh Tuan Nguyen.
  82. PLBart (from UCLA NLP) released with the paper Unified Pre-training for Program Understanding and Generation by Wasi Uddin Ahmad, Saikat Chakraborty, Baishakhi Ray, Kai-Wei Chang.
  83. PoolFormer (from Sea AI Labs) released with the paper MetaFormer is Actually What You Need for Vision by Yu, Weihao and Luo, Mi and Zhou, Pan and Si, Chenyang and Zhou, Yichen and Wang, Xinchao and Feng, Jiashi and Yan, Shuicheng.
  84. ProphetNet (from Microsoft Research) released with the paper ProphetNet: Predicting Future N-gram for Sequence-to-Sequence Pre-training by Yu Yan, Weizhen Qi, Yeyun Gong, Dayiheng Liu, Nan Duan, Jiusheng Chen, Ruofei Zhang and Ming Zhou.
  85. QDQBert (from NVIDIA) released with the paper Integer Quantization for Deep Learning Inference: Principles and Empirical Evaluation by Hao Wu, Patrick Judd, Xiaojie Zhang, Mikhail Isaev and Paulius Micikevicius.
  86. RAG (from Facebook) released with the paper Retrieval-Augmented Generation for Knowledge-Intensive NLP Tasks by Patrick Lewis, Ethan Perez, Aleksandara Piktus, Fabio Petroni, Vladimir Karpukhin, Naman Goyal, Heinrich Kรผttler, Mike Lewis, Wen-tau Yih, Tim Rocktรคschel, Sebastian Riedel, Douwe Kiela.
  87. REALM (from Google Research) released with the paper REALM: Retrieval-Augmented Language Model Pre-Training by Kelvin Guu, Kenton Lee, Zora Tung, Panupong Pasupat and Ming-Wei Chang.
  88. Reformer (from Google Research) released with the paper Reformer: The Efficient Transformer by Nikita Kitaev, ลukasz Kaiser, Anselm Levskaya.
  89. RegNet (from META Platforms) released with the paper Designing Network Design Space by Ilija Radosavovic, Raj Prateek Kosaraju, Ross Girshick, Kaiming He, Piotr Dollรกr.
  90. RemBERT (from Google Research) released with the paper Rethinking embedding coupling in pre-trained language models by Hyung Won Chung, Thibault Fรฉvry, Henry Tsai, M. Johnson, Sebastian Ruder.
  91. ResNet (from Microsoft Research) released with the paper Deep Residual Learning for Image Recognition by Kaiming He, Xiangyu Zhang, Shaoqing Ren, Jian Sun.
  92. RoBERTa (from Facebook), released together with the paper RoBERTa: A Robustly Optimized BERT Pretraining Approach by Yinhan Liu, Myle Ott, Naman Goyal, Jingfei Du, Mandar Joshi, Danqi Chen, Omer Levy, Mike Lewis, Luke Zettlemoyer, Veselin Stoyanov.
  93. RoFormer (from ZhuiyiTechnology), released together with the paper RoFormer: Enhanced Transformer with Rotary Position Embedding by Jianlin Su and Yu Lu and Shengfeng Pan and Bo Wen and Yunfeng Liu.
  94. SegFormer (from NVIDIA) released with the paper SegFormer: Simple and Efficient Design for Semantic Segmentation with Transformers by Enze Xie, Wenhai Wang, Zhiding Yu, Anima Anandkumar, Jose M. Alvarez, Ping Luo.
  95. SEW (from ASAPP) released with the paper Performance-Efficiency Trade-offs in Unsupervised Pre-training for Speech Recognition by Felix Wu, Kwangyoun Kim, Jing Pan, Kyu Han, Kilian Q. Weinberger, Yoav Artzi.
  96. SEW-D (from ASAPP) released with the paper Performance-Efficiency Trade-offs in Unsupervised Pre-training for Speech Recognition by Felix Wu, Kwangyoun Kim, Jing Pan, Kyu Han, Kilian Q. Weinberger, Yoav Artzi.
  97. SpeechToTextTransformer (from Facebook), released together with the paper fairseq S2T: Fast Speech-to-Text Modeling with fairseq by Changhan Wang, Yun Tang, Xutai Ma, Anne Wu, Dmytro Okhonko, Juan Pino.
  98. SpeechToTextTransformer2 (from Facebook), released together with the paper Large-Scale Self- and Semi-Supervised Learning for Speech Translation by Changhan Wang, Anne Wu, Juan Pino, Alexei Baevski, Michael Auli, Alexis Conneau.
  99. Splinter (from Tel Aviv University), released together with the paper Few-Shot Question Answering by Pretraining Span Selection by Ori Ram, Yuval Kirstain, Jonathan Berant, Amir Globerson, Omer Levy.
  100. SqueezeBERT (from Berkeley) released with the paper SqueezeBERT: What can computer vision teach NLP about efficient neural networks? by Forrest N. Iandola, Albert E. Shaw, Ravi Krishna, and Kurt W. Keutzer.
  101. Swin Transformer (from Microsoft) released with the paper Swin Transformer: Hierarchical Vision Transformer using Shifted Windows by Ze Liu, Yutong Lin, Yue Cao, Han Hu, Yixuan Wei, Zheng Zhang, Stephen Lin, Baining Guo.
  102. T5 (from Google AI) released with the paper Exploring the Limits of Transfer Learning with a Unified Text-to-Text Transformer by Colin Raffel and Noam Shazeer and Adam Roberts and Katherine Lee and Sharan Narang and Michael Matena and Yanqi Zhou and Wei Li and Peter J. Liu.
  103. T5v1.1 (from Google AI) released in the repository google-research/text-to-text-transfer-transformer by Colin Raffel and Noam Shazeer and Adam Roberts and Katherine Lee and Sharan Narang and Michael Matena and Yanqi Zhou and Wei Li and Peter J. Liu.
  104. TAPAS (from Google AI) released with the paper TAPAS: Weakly Supervised Table Parsing via Pre-training by Jonathan Herzig, Paweล‚ Krzysztof Nowak, Thomas Mรผller, Francesco Piccinno and Julian Martin Eisenschlos.
  105. TAPEX (from Microsoft Research) released with the paper TAPEX: Table Pre-training via Learning a Neural SQL Executor by Qian Liu, Bei Chen, Jiaqi Guo, Morteza Ziyadi, Zeqi Lin, Weizhu Chen, Jian-Guang Lou.
  106. Trajectory Transformer (from the University of California at Berkeley) released with the paper Offline Reinforcement Learning as One Big Sequence Modeling Problem by Michael Janner, Qiyang Li, Sergey Levine
  107. Transformer-XL (from Google/CMU) released with the paper Transformer-XL: Attentive Language Models Beyond a Fixed-Length Context by Zihang Dai, Zhilin Yang, Yiming Yang, Jaime Carbonell, Quoc V. Le, Ruslan Salakhutdinov.
  108. TrOCR (from Microsoft), released together with the paper TrOCR: Transformer-based Optical Character Recognition with Pre-trained Models by Minghao Li, Tengchao Lv, Lei Cui, Yijuan Lu, Dinei Florencio, Cha Zhang, Zhoujun Li, Furu Wei.
  109. UL2 (from Google Research) released with the paper Unifying Language Learning Paradigms by Yi Tay, Mostafa Dehghani, Vinh Q. Tran, Xavier Garcia, Dara Bahri, Tal Schuster, Huaixiu Steven Zheng, Neil Houlsby, Donald Metzler
  110. UniSpeech (from Microsoft Research) released with the paper UniSpeech: Unified Speech Representation Learning with Labeled and Unlabeled Data by Chengyi Wang, Yu Wu, Yao Qian, Kenichi Kumatani, Shujie Liu, Furu Wei, Michael Zeng, Xuedong Huang.
  111. UniSpeechSat (from Microsoft Research) released with the paper UNISPEECH-SAT: UNIVERSAL SPEECH REPRESENTATION LEARNING WITH SPEAKER AWARE PRE-TRAINING by Sanyuan Chen, Yu Wu, Chengyi Wang, Zhengyang Chen, Zhuo Chen, Shujie Liu, Jian Wu, Yao Qian, Furu Wei, Jinyu Li, Xiangzhan Yu.
  112. VAN (from Tsinghua University and Nankai University) released with the paper Visual Attention Network by Meng-Hao Guo, Cheng-Ze Lu, Zheng-Ning Liu, Ming-Ming Cheng, Shi-Min Hu.
  113. ViLT (from NAVER AI Lab/Kakao Enterprise/Kakao Brain) released with the paper ViLT: Vision-and-Language Transformer Without Convolution or Region Supervision by Wonjae Kim, Bokyung Son, Ildoo Kim.
  114. Vision Transformer (ViT) (from Google AI) released with the paper An Image is Worth 16x16 Words: Transformers for Image Recognition at Scale by Alexey Dosovitskiy, Lucas Beyer, Alexander Kolesnikov, Dirk Weissenborn, Xiaohua Zhai, Thomas Unterthiner, Mostafa Dehghani, Matthias Minderer, Georg Heigold, Sylvain Gelly, Jakob Uszkoreit, Neil Houlsby.
  115. VisualBERT (from UCLA NLP) released with the paper VisualBERT: A Simple and Performant Baseline for Vision and Language by Liunian Harold Li, Mark Yatskar, Da Yin, Cho-Jui Hsieh, Kai-Wei Chang.
  116. ViTMAE (from Meta AI) released with the paper Masked Autoencoders Are Scalable Vision Learners by Kaiming He, Xinlei Chen, Saining Xie, Yanghao Li, Piotr Dollรกr, Ross Girshick.
  117. Wav2Vec2 (from Facebook AI) released with the paper wav2vec 2.0: A Framework for Self-Supervised Learning of Speech Representations by Alexei Baevski, Henry Zhou, Abdelrahman Mohamed, Michael Auli.
  118. Wav2Vec2-Conformer (from Facebook AI) released with the paper FAIRSEQ S2T: Fast Speech-to-Text Modeling with FAIRSEQ by Changhan Wang, Yun Tang, Xutai Ma, Anne Wu, Sravya Popuri, Dmytro Okhonko, Juan Pino.
  119. Wav2Vec2Phoneme (from Facebook AI) released with the paper Simple and Effective Zero-shot Cross-lingual Phoneme Recognition by Qiantong Xu, Alexei Baevski, Michael Auli.
  120. WavLM (from Microsoft Research) released with the paper WavLM: Large-Scale Self-Supervised Pre-Training for Full Stack Speech Processing by Sanyuan Chen, Chengyi Wang, Zhengyang Chen, Yu Wu, Shujie Liu, Zhuo Chen, Jinyu Li, Naoyuki Kanda, Takuya Yoshioka, Xiong Xiao, Jian Wu, Long Zhou, Shuo Ren, Yanmin Qian, Yao Qian, Jian Wu, Michael Zeng, Furu Wei.
  121. XGLM (From Facebook AI) released with the paper Few-shot Learning with Multilingual Language Models by Xi Victoria Lin, Todor Mihaylov, Mikel Artetxe, Tianlu Wang, Shuohui Chen, Daniel Simig, Myle Ott, Naman Goyal, Shruti Bhosale, Jingfei Du, Ramakanth Pasunuru, Sam Shleifer, Punit Singh Koura, Vishrav Chaudhary, Brian Oโ€™Horo, Jeff Wang, Luke Zettlemoyer, Zornitsa Kozareva, Mona Diab, Veselin Stoyanov, Xian Li.
  122. XLM (from Facebook) released together with the paper Cross-lingual Language Model Pretraining by Guillaume Lample and Alexis Conneau.
  123. XLM-ProphetNet (from Microsoft Research) released with the paper ProphetNet: Predicting Future N-gram for Sequence-to-Sequence Pre-training by Yu Yan, Weizhen Qi, Yeyun Gong, Dayiheng Liu, Nan Duan, Jiusheng Chen, Ruofei Zhang and Ming Zhou.
  124. XLM-RoBERTa (from Facebook AI), released together with the paper Unsupervised Cross-lingual Representation Learning at Scale by Alexis Conneau, Kartikay Khandelwal, Naman Goyal, Vishrav Chaudhary, Guillaume Wenzek, Francisco Guzmรกn, Edouard Grave, Myle Ott, Luke Zettlemoyer and Veselin Stoyanov.
  125. XLM-RoBERTa-XL (from Facebook AI), released together with the paper Larger-Scale Transformers for Multilingual Masked Language Modeling by Naman Goyal, Jingfei Du, Myle Ott, Giri Anantharaman, Alexis Conneau.
  126. XLNet (from Google/CMU) released with the paper โ€‹XLNet: Generalized Autoregressive Pretraining for Language Understanding by Zhilin Yang, Zihang Dai, Yiming Yang, Jaime Carbonell, Ruslan Salakhutdinov, Quoc V. Le.
  127. XLS-R (from Facebook AI) released with the paper XLS-R: Self-supervised Cross-lingual Speech Representation Learning at Scale by Arun Babu, Changhan Wang, Andros Tjandra, Kushal Lakhotia, Qiantong Xu, Naman Goyal, Kritika Singh, Patrick von Platen, Yatharth Saraf, Juan Pino, Alexei Baevski, Alexis Conneau, Michael Auli.
  128. XLSR-Wav2Vec2 (from Facebook AI) released with the paper Unsupervised Cross-Lingual Representation Learning For Speech Recognition by Alexis Conneau, Alexei Baevski, Ronan Collobert, Abdelrahman Mohamed, Michael Auli.
  129. YOLOS (from Huazhong University of Science & Technology) released with the paper You Only Look at One Sequence: Rethinking Transformer in Vision through Object Detection by Yuxin Fang, Bencheng Liao, Xinggang Wang, Jiemin Fang, Jiyang Qi, Rui Wu, Jianwei Niu, Wenyu Liu.
  130. YOSO (from the University of Wisconsin - Madison) released with the paper You Only Sample (Almost) Once: Linear Cost Self-Attention Via Bernoulli Sampling by Zhanpeng Zeng, Yunyang Xiong, Sathya N. Ravi, Shailesh Acharya, Glenn Fung, Vikas Singh.

Supported frameworks

The table below represents the current support in the library for each of those models, whether they have a Python tokenizer (called โ€œslowโ€). A โ€œfastโ€ tokenizer backed by the ๐Ÿค— Tokenizers library, whether they have support in Jax (via Flax), PyTorch, and/or TensorFlow.

Model Tokenizer slow Tokenizer fast PyTorch support TensorFlow support Flax Support
ALBERT โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
BART โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
BEiT โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โœ…
BERT โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
Bert Generation โœ… โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
BigBird โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ โœ…
BigBird-Pegasus โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
Blenderbot โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
BlenderbotSmall โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
BLOOM โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ โŒ
CamemBERT โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
CANINE โœ… โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
CLIP โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
CodeGen โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ โŒ
ConvBERT โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
ConvNeXT โŒ โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ
CTRL โœ… โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ
CvT โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
Data2VecAudio โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
Data2VecText โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
Data2VecVision โŒ โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ
DeBERTa โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
DeBERTa-v2 โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
Decision Transformer โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
DeiT โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
DETR โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
DistilBERT โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
DPR โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
DPT โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
ELECTRA โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
Encoder decoder โŒ โŒ โœ… โœ… โœ…
FairSeq Machine-Translation โœ… โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
FlauBERT โœ… โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ
FLAVA โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
FNet โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ โŒ
Funnel Transformer โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
GLPN โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
GPT Neo โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โœ…
GPT NeoX โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ โŒ
GPT-J โŒ โŒ โœ… โœ… โœ…
GroupViT โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
Hubert โŒ โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ
I-BERT โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
ImageGPT โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
LayoutLM โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
LayoutLMv2 โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ โŒ
LayoutLMv3 โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ โŒ
LED โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
LeViT โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
Longformer โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
LongT5 โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โœ…
LUKE โœ… โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
LXMERT โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
M-CTC-T โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
M2M100 โœ… โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
Marian โœ… โŒ โœ… โœ… โœ…
MaskFormer โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
mBART โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
Megatron-BERT โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
MobileBERT โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
MobileViT โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
MPNet โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
MT5 โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
MVP โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ โŒ
Nezha โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
Nystrรถmformer โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
OpenAI GPT โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
OpenAI GPT-2 โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
OPT โŒ โŒ โœ… โœ… โœ…
Pegasus โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
Perceiver โœ… โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
PLBart โœ… โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
PoolFormer โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
ProphetNet โœ… โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
QDQBert โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
RAG โœ… โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ
REALM โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ โŒ
Reformer โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ โŒ
RegNet โŒ โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ
RemBERT โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
ResNet โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
RetriBERT โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ โŒ
RoBERTa โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
RoFormer โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
SegFormer โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
SEW โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
SEW-D โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
Speech Encoder decoder โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โœ…
Speech2Text โœ… โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ
Speech2Text2 โœ… โŒ โŒ โŒ โŒ
Splinter โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ โŒ
SqueezeBERT โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ โŒ
Swin Transformer โŒ โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ
T5 โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
TAPAS โœ… โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ
Trajectory Transformer โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
Transformer-XL โœ… โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ
TrOCR โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
UniSpeech โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
UniSpeechSat โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
VAN โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
ViLT โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
Vision Encoder decoder โŒ โŒ โœ… โœ… โœ…
VisionTextDualEncoder โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โœ…
VisualBERT โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
ViT โŒ โŒ โœ… โœ… โœ…
ViTMAE โŒ โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ
Wav2Vec2 โœ… โŒ โœ… โœ… โœ…
Wav2Vec2-Conformer โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
WavLM โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
XGLM โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ โœ…
XLM โœ… โŒ โœ… โœ… โŒ
XLM-ProphetNet โœ… โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
XLM-RoBERTa โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ…
XLM-RoBERTa-XL โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
XLNet โœ… โœ… โœ… โœ… โŒ
YOLOS โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ
YOSO โŒ โŒ โœ… โŒ โŒ