RoBERTa

The RoBERTa model was proposed in RoBERTa: A Robustly Optimized BERT Pretraining Approach by Yinhan Liu, Myle Ott, Naman Goyal, Jingfei Du, Mandar Joshi, Danqi Chen, Omer Levy, Mike Lewis, Luke Zettlemoyer, Veselin Stoyanov. It is based on Google’s BERT model released in 2018.

It builds on BERT and modifies key hyperparameters, removing the next-sentence pretraining objective and training with much larger mini-batches and learning rates.

The abstract from the paper is the following:

Language model pretraining has led to significant performance gains but careful comparison between different approaches is challenging. Training is computationally expensive, often done on private datasets of different sizes, and, as we will show, hyperparameter choices have significant impact on the final results. We present a replication study of BERT pretraining (Devlin et al., 2019) that carefully measures the impact of many key hyperparameters and training data size. We find that BERT was significantly undertrained, and can match or exceed the performance of every model published after it. Our best model achieves state-of-the-art results on GLUE, RACE and SQuAD. These results highlight the importance of previously overlooked design choices, and raise questions about the source of recently reported improvements. We release our models and code.

Tips:

  • This implementation is the same as BertModel with a tiny embeddings tweak as well as a setup for Roberta pretrained models.

  • Camembert is a wrapper around RoBERTa. Refer to this page for usage examples.

RobertaConfig

class transformers.RobertaConfig(vocab_size=30522, hidden_size=768, num_hidden_layers=12, num_attention_heads=12, intermediate_size=3072, hidden_act='gelu', hidden_dropout_prob=0.1, attention_probs_dropout_prob=0.1, max_position_embeddings=512, type_vocab_size=2, initializer_range=0.02, layer_norm_eps=1e-12, **kwargs)[source]

This is the configuration class to store the configuration of an RobertaModel. It is used to instantiate an RoBERTa model according to the specified arguments, defining the model architecture. Instantiating a configuration with the defaults will yield a similar configuration to that of the BERT bert-base-uncased architecture.

Configuration objects inherit from PretrainedConfig and can be used to control the model outputs. Read the documentation from PretrainedConfig for more information.

The RobertaConfig class directly inherits BertConfig. It reuses the same defaults. Please check the parent class for more information.

Example:

from transformers import RobertaConfig, RobertaModel

# Initializing a RoBERTa configuration
configuration = RobertaConfig()

# Initializing a model from the configuration
model = RobertaModel(configuration)

# Accessing the model configuration
configuration = model.config
pretrained_config_archive_map

A dictionary containing all the available pre-trained checkpoints.

Type

Dict[str, str]

RobertaTokenizer

class transformers.RobertaTokenizer(vocab_file, merges_file, errors='replace', bos_token='<s>', eos_token='</s>', sep_token='</s>', cls_token='<s>', unk_token='<unk>', pad_token='<pad>', mask_token='<mask>', **kwargs)[source]
RoBERTa BPE tokenizer, derived from the GPT-2 tokenizer. Peculiarities:
  • Byte-level Byte-Pair-Encoding

  • Requires a space to start the input string => the encoding methods should be called with the add_prefix_space flag set to True. Otherwise, this tokenizer encode and decode method will not conserve the absence of a space at the beginning of a string: tokenizer.decode(tokenizer.encode(“Hello”)) = ” Hello”

build_inputs_with_special_tokens(token_ids_0, token_ids_1=None)[source]

Build model inputs from a sequence or a pair of sequence for sequence classification tasks by concatenating and adding special tokens. A RoBERTa sequence has the following format:

single sequence: <s> X </s> pair of sequences: <s> A </s></s> B </s>

create_token_type_ids_from_sequences(token_ids_0, token_ids_1=None)[source]

Creates a mask from the two sequences passed to be used in a sequence-pair classification task. RoBERTa does not make use of token type ids, therefore a list of zeros is returned.

if token_ids_1 is None, only returns the first portion of the mask (0’s).

get_special_tokens_mask(token_ids_0, token_ids_1=None, already_has_special_tokens=False)[source]

Retrieves sequence ids from a token list that has no special tokens added. This method is called when adding special tokens using the tokenizer prepare_for_model or encode_plus methods.

Parameters
  • token_ids_0 – list of ids (must not contain special tokens)

  • token_ids_1 – Optional list of ids (must not contain special tokens), necessary when fetching sequence ids for sequence pairs

  • already_has_special_tokens – (default False) Set to True if the token list is already formated with special tokens for the model

Returns

1 for a special token, 0 for a sequence token.

Return type

A list of integers in the range [0, 1]

RobertaModel

class transformers.RobertaModel(config)[source]

The bare RoBERTa Model transformer outputting raw hidden-states without any specific head on top.

This model is a PyTorch torch.nn.Module sub-class. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Parameters

config (RobertaConfig) – Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

This class overrides BertModel. Please check the superclass for the appropriate documentation alongside usage examples.

config_class

alias of transformers.configuration_roberta.RobertaConfig

get_input_embeddings()[source]

Returns the model’s input embeddings.

Returns

A torch module mapping vocabulary to hidden states.

Return type

nn.Module

set_input_embeddings(value)[source]

Set model’s input embeddings

Parameters

value (nn.Module) – A module mapping vocabulary to hidden states.

RobertaForMaskedLM

class transformers.RobertaForMaskedLM(config)[source]

RoBERTa Model with a language modeling head on top.

This model is a PyTorch torch.nn.Module sub-class. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Parameters

config (RobertaConfig) – Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

config_class

alias of transformers.configuration_roberta.RobertaConfig

forward(input_ids=None, attention_mask=None, token_type_ids=None, position_ids=None, head_mask=None, inputs_embeds=None, masked_lm_labels=None)[source]

The RobertaForMaskedLM forward method, overrides the __call__() special method.

Note

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Parameters
  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) –

    Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary.

    Indices can be obtained using transformers.RobertaTokenizer. See transformers.PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and transformers.PreTrainedTokenizer.encode_plus() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]: 1 for tokens that are NOT MASKED, 0 for MASKED tokens.

    What are attention masks?

  • token_type_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Segment token indices to indicate first and second portions of the inputs. Indices are selected in [0, 1]: 0 corresponds to a sentence A token, 1 corresponds to a sentence B token

    What are token type IDs?

  • position_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.max_position_embeddings - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • head_mask (torch.FloatTensor of shape (num_heads,) or (num_layers, num_heads), optional, defaults to None) – Mask to nullify selected heads of the self-attention modules. Mask values selected in [0, 1]: 1 indicates the head is not masked, 0 indicates the head is masked.

  • inputs_embeds (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size), optional, defaults to None) – Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.

  • masked_lm_labels (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) – Labels for computing the masked language modeling loss. Indices should be in [-100, 0, ..., config.vocab_size] (see input_ids docstring) Tokens with indices set to -100 are ignored (masked), the loss is only computed for the tokens with labels in [0, ..., config.vocab_size]

Returns

masked_lm_loss (optional, returned when masked_lm_labels is provided) torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,):

Masked language modeling loss.

prediction_scores (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.vocab_size))

Prediction scores of the language modeling head (scores for each vocabulary token before SoftMax).

hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when config.output_hidden_states=True):

Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when config.output_attentions=True):

Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

Return type

tuple(torch.FloatTensor) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (RobertaConfig) and inputs

Examples:

from transformers import RobertaTokenizer, RobertaForMaskedLM
import torch

tokenizer = RobertaTokenizer.from_pretrained('roberta-base')
model = RobertaForMaskedLM.from_pretrained('roberta-base')
input_ids = torch.tensor(tokenizer.encode("Hello, my dog is cute", add_special_tokens=True)).unsqueeze(0)  # Batch size 1
outputs = model(input_ids, masked_lm_labels=input_ids)
loss, prediction_scores = outputs[:2]
get_output_embeddings()[source]

Returns the model’s output embeddings.

Returns

A torch module mapping hidden states to vocabulary.

Return type

nn.Module

RobertaForSequenceClassification

class transformers.RobertaForSequenceClassification(config)[source]

RoBERTa Model transformer with a sequence classification/regression head on top (a linear layer on top of the pooled output) e.g. for GLUE tasks.

This model is a PyTorch torch.nn.Module sub-class. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Parameters

config (RobertaConfig) – Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

config_class

alias of transformers.configuration_roberta.RobertaConfig

forward(input_ids=None, attention_mask=None, token_type_ids=None, position_ids=None, head_mask=None, inputs_embeds=None, labels=None)[source]

The RobertaForSequenceClassification forward method, overrides the __call__() special method.

Note

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Parameters
  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) –

    Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary.

    Indices can be obtained using transformers.RobertaTokenizer. See transformers.PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and transformers.PreTrainedTokenizer.encode_plus() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]: 1 for tokens that are NOT MASKED, 0 for MASKED tokens.

    What are attention masks?

  • token_type_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Segment token indices to indicate first and second portions of the inputs. Indices are selected in [0, 1]: 0 corresponds to a sentence A token, 1 corresponds to a sentence B token

    What are token type IDs?

  • position_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.max_position_embeddings - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • head_mask (torch.FloatTensor of shape (num_heads,) or (num_layers, num_heads), optional, defaults to None) – Mask to nullify selected heads of the self-attention modules. Mask values selected in [0, 1]: 1 indicates the head is not masked, 0 indicates the head is masked.

  • inputs_embeds (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size), optional, defaults to None) – Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.

  • labels (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size,), optional, defaults to None) – Labels for computing the sequence classification/regression loss. Indices should be in [0, ..., config.num_labels - 1]. If config.num_labels == 1 a regression loss is computed (Mean-Square loss), If config.num_labels > 1 a classification loss is computed (Cross-Entropy).

Returns

loss (torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,), optional, returned when label is provided):

Classification (or regression if config.num_labels==1) loss.

logits (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, config.num_labels)):

Classification (or regression if config.num_labels==1) scores (before SoftMax).

hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when config.output_hidden_states=True):

Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when config.output_attentions=True):

Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

Return type

tuple(torch.FloatTensor) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (RobertaConfig) and inputs

Examples:

from transformers import RobertaTokenizer, RobertaForSequenceClassification
import torch

tokenizer = RobertaTokenizer.from_pretrained('roberta-base')
model = RobertaForSequenceClassification.from_pretrained('roberta-base')
input_ids = torch.tensor(tokenizer.encode("Hello, my dog is cute", add_special_tokens=True)).unsqueeze(0)  # Batch size 1
labels = torch.tensor([1]).unsqueeze(0)  # Batch size 1
outputs = model(input_ids, labels=labels)
loss, logits = outputs[:2]

RobertaForTokenClassification

class transformers.RobertaForTokenClassification(config)[source]

Roberta Model with a token classification head on top (a linear layer on top of the hidden-states output) e.g. for Named-Entity-Recognition (NER) tasks.

This model is a PyTorch torch.nn.Module sub-class. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Parameters

config (RobertaConfig) – Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

config_class

alias of transformers.configuration_roberta.RobertaConfig

forward(input_ids=None, attention_mask=None, token_type_ids=None, position_ids=None, head_mask=None, inputs_embeds=None, labels=None)[source]

The RobertaForTokenClassification forward method, overrides the __call__() special method.

Note

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Parameters
  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) –

    Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary.

    Indices can be obtained using transformers.RobertaTokenizer. See transformers.PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and transformers.PreTrainedTokenizer.encode_plus() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]: 1 for tokens that are NOT MASKED, 0 for MASKED tokens.

    What are attention masks?

  • token_type_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Segment token indices to indicate first and second portions of the inputs. Indices are selected in [0, 1]: 0 corresponds to a sentence A token, 1 corresponds to a sentence B token

    What are token type IDs?

  • position_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.max_position_embeddings - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • head_mask (torch.FloatTensor of shape (num_heads,) or (num_layers, num_heads), optional, defaults to None) – Mask to nullify selected heads of the self-attention modules. Mask values selected in [0, 1]: 1 indicates the head is not masked, 0 indicates the head is masked.

  • inputs_embeds (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size), optional, defaults to None) – Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.

  • labels (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) – Labels for computing the token classification loss. Indices should be in [0, ..., config.num_labels - 1].

Returns

loss (torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,), optional, returned when labels is provided) :

Classification loss.

scores (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.num_labels))

Classification scores (before SoftMax).

hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when config.output_hidden_states=True):

Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when config.output_attentions=True):

Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

Return type

tuple(torch.FloatTensor) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (RobertaConfig) and inputs

Examples:

from transformers import RobertaTokenizer, RobertaForTokenClassification
import torch

tokenizer = RobertaTokenizer.from_pretrained('roberta-base')
model = RobertaForTokenClassification.from_pretrained('roberta-base')
input_ids = torch.tensor(tokenizer.encode("Hello, my dog is cute", add_special_tokens=True)).unsqueeze(0)  # Batch size 1
labels = torch.tensor([1] * input_ids.size(1)).unsqueeze(0)  # Batch size 1
outputs = model(input_ids, labels=labels)
loss, scores = outputs[:2]

TFRobertaModel

class transformers.TFRobertaModel(config, *inputs, **kwargs)[source]

The bare RoBERTa Model transformer outputing raw hidden-states without any specific head on top. This model is a tf.keras.Model sub-class. Use it as a regular TF 2.0 Keras Model and refer to the TF 2.0 documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Note

TF 2.0 models accepts two formats as inputs:

  • having all inputs as keyword arguments (like PyTorch models), or

  • having all inputs as a list, tuple or dict in the first positional arguments.

This second option is useful when using tf.keras.Model.fit() method which currently requires having all the tensors in the first argument of the model call function: model(inputs).

If you choose this second option, there are three possibilities you can use to gather all the input Tensors in the first positional argument :

  • a single Tensor with input_ids only and nothing else: model(inputs_ids)

  • a list of varying length with one or several input Tensors IN THE ORDER given in the docstring: model([input_ids, attention_mask]) or model([input_ids, attention_mask, token_type_ids])

  • a dictionary with one or several input Tensors associated to the input names given in the docstring: model({'input_ids': input_ids, 'token_type_ids': token_type_ids})

Parameters

config (RobertaConfig) – Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

call(inputs, **kwargs)[source]

The TFRobertaModel forward method, overrides the __call__() special method.

Note

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Parameters
  • input_ids (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) –

    Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary.

    Indices can be obtained using transformers.RobertaTokenizer. See transformers.PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and transformers.PreTrainedTokenizer.encode_plus() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]: 1 for tokens that are NOT MASKED, 0 for MASKED tokens.

    What are attention masks?

  • token_type_ids (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Segment token indices to indicate first and second portions of the inputs. Indices are selected in [0, 1]: 0 corresponds to a sentence A token, 1 corresponds to a sentence B token

    What are token type IDs?

  • position_ids (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.max_position_embeddings - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • head_mask (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (num_heads,) or (num_layers, num_heads), optional, defaults to None) – Mask to nullify selected heads of the self-attention modules. Mask values selected in [0, 1]: 1 indicates the head is not masked, 0 indicates the head is masked.

  • inputs_embeds (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, embedding_dim), optional, defaults to None) – Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.

  • training (boolean, optional, defaults to False) – Whether to activate dropout modules (if set to True) during training or to de-activate them (if set to False) for evaluation.

Returns

last_hidden_state (tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size)):

Sequence of hidden-states at the output of the last layer of the model.

pooler_output (tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, hidden_size)):

Last layer hidden-state of the first token of the sequence (classification token) further processed by a Linear layer and a Tanh activation function. The Linear layer weights are trained from the next sentence prediction (classification) objective during Bert pretraining. This output is usually not a good summary of the semantic content of the input, you’re often better with averaging or pooling the sequence of hidden-states for the whole input sequence.

hidden_states (tuple(tf.Tensor), optional, returned when config.output_hidden_states=True):

tuple of tf.Tensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

attentions (tuple(tf.Tensor), optional, returned when config.output_attentions=True):

tuple of tf.Tensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length):

Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

Return type

tuple(torch.FloatTensor) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (RobertaConfig) and inputs

Examples:

import tensorflow as tf
from transformers import RobertaTokenizer, TFRobertaModel

tokenizer = RobertaTokenizer.from_pretrained('roberta-base')
model = TFRobertaModel.from_pretrained('roberta-base')
input_ids = tf.constant(tokenizer.encode("Hello, my dog is cute", add_special_tokens=True))[None, :]  # Batch size 1
outputs = model(input_ids)
last_hidden_states = outputs[0]  # The last hidden-state is the first element of the output tuple

TFRobertaForMaskedLM

class transformers.TFRobertaForMaskedLM(config, *inputs, **kwargs)[source]

RoBERTa Model with a language modeling head on top. This model is a tf.keras.Model sub-class. Use it as a regular TF 2.0 Keras Model and refer to the TF 2.0 documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Note

TF 2.0 models accepts two formats as inputs:

  • having all inputs as keyword arguments (like PyTorch models), or

  • having all inputs as a list, tuple or dict in the first positional arguments.

This second option is useful when using tf.keras.Model.fit() method which currently requires having all the tensors in the first argument of the model call function: model(inputs).

If you choose this second option, there are three possibilities you can use to gather all the input Tensors in the first positional argument :

  • a single Tensor with input_ids only and nothing else: model(inputs_ids)

  • a list of varying length with one or several input Tensors IN THE ORDER given in the docstring: model([input_ids, attention_mask]) or model([input_ids, attention_mask, token_type_ids])

  • a dictionary with one or several input Tensors associated to the input names given in the docstring: model({'input_ids': input_ids, 'token_type_ids': token_type_ids})

Parameters

config (RobertaConfig) – Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

call(inputs, **kwargs)[source]

The TFRobertaForMaskedLM forward method, overrides the __call__() special method.

Note

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Parameters
  • input_ids (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) –

    Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary.

    Indices can be obtained using transformers.RobertaTokenizer. See transformers.PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and transformers.PreTrainedTokenizer.encode_plus() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]: 1 for tokens that are NOT MASKED, 0 for MASKED tokens.

    What are attention masks?

  • token_type_ids (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Segment token indices to indicate first and second portions of the inputs. Indices are selected in [0, 1]: 0 corresponds to a sentence A token, 1 corresponds to a sentence B token

    What are token type IDs?

  • position_ids (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.max_position_embeddings - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • head_mask (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (num_heads,) or (num_layers, num_heads), optional, defaults to None) – Mask to nullify selected heads of the self-attention modules. Mask values selected in [0, 1]: 1 indicates the head is not masked, 0 indicates the head is masked.

  • inputs_embeds (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, embedding_dim), optional, defaults to None) – Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.

  • training (boolean, optional, defaults to False) – Whether to activate dropout modules (if set to True) during training or to de-activate them (if set to False) for evaluation.

Returns

prediction_scores (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.vocab_size)):

Prediction scores of the language modeling head (scores for each vocabulary token before SoftMax).

hidden_states (tuple(tf.Tensor), optional, returned when config.output_hidden_states=True):

tuple of tf.Tensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

attentions (tuple(tf.Tensor), optional, returned when config.output_attentions=True):

tuple of tf.Tensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length):

Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

Return type

tuple(torch.FloatTensor) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (RobertaConfig) and inputs

Examples:

import tensorflow as tf
from transformers import RobertaTokenizer, TFRobertaForMaskedLM

tokenizer = RobertaTokenizer.from_pretrained('roberta-base')
model = TFRobertaForMaskedLM.from_pretrained('roberta-base')
input_ids = tf.constant(tokenizer.encode("Hello, my dog is cute", add_special_tokens=True))[None, :]  # Batch size 1
outputs = model(input_ids)
prediction_scores = outputs[0]
get_output_embeddings()[source]

Returns the model’s output embeddings.

Returns

A torch module mapping hidden states to vocabulary.

Return type

tf.keras.layers.Layer

TFRobertaForSequenceClassification

class transformers.TFRobertaForSequenceClassification(config, *inputs, **kwargs)[source]

RoBERTa Model transformer with a sequence classification/regression head on top (a linear layer on top of the pooled output) e.g. for GLUE tasks. This model is a tf.keras.Model sub-class. Use it as a regular TF 2.0 Keras Model and refer to the TF 2.0 documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Note

TF 2.0 models accepts two formats as inputs:

  • having all inputs as keyword arguments (like PyTorch models), or

  • having all inputs as a list, tuple or dict in the first positional arguments.

This second option is useful when using tf.keras.Model.fit() method which currently requires having all the tensors in the first argument of the model call function: model(inputs).

If you choose this second option, there are three possibilities you can use to gather all the input Tensors in the first positional argument :

  • a single Tensor with input_ids only and nothing else: model(inputs_ids)

  • a list of varying length with one or several input Tensors IN THE ORDER given in the docstring: model([input_ids, attention_mask]) or model([input_ids, attention_mask, token_type_ids])

  • a dictionary with one or several input Tensors associated to the input names given in the docstring: model({'input_ids': input_ids, 'token_type_ids': token_type_ids})

Parameters

config (RobertaConfig) – Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

call(inputs, **kwargs)[source]

The TFRobertaForSequenceClassification forward method, overrides the __call__() special method.

Note

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Parameters
  • input_ids (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) –

    Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary.

    Indices can be obtained using transformers.RobertaTokenizer. See transformers.PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and transformers.PreTrainedTokenizer.encode_plus() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]: 1 for tokens that are NOT MASKED, 0 for MASKED tokens.

    What are attention masks?

  • token_type_ids (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Segment token indices to indicate first and second portions of the inputs. Indices are selected in [0, 1]: 0 corresponds to a sentence A token, 1 corresponds to a sentence B token

    What are token type IDs?

  • position_ids (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.max_position_embeddings - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • head_mask (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (num_heads,) or (num_layers, num_heads), optional, defaults to None) – Mask to nullify selected heads of the self-attention modules. Mask values selected in [0, 1]: 1 indicates the head is not masked, 0 indicates the head is masked.

  • inputs_embeds (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, embedding_dim), optional, defaults to None) – Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.

  • training (boolean, optional, defaults to False) – Whether to activate dropout modules (if set to True) during training or to de-activate them (if set to False) for evaluation.

Returns

logits (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, config.num_labels)):

Classification (or regression if config.num_labels==1) scores (before SoftMax).

hidden_states (tuple(tf.Tensor), optional, returned when config.output_hidden_states=True):

tuple of tf.Tensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

attentions (tuple(tf.Tensor), optional, returned when config.output_attentions=True):

tuple of tf.Tensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length):

Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

Return type

tuple(torch.FloatTensor) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (RobertaConfig) and inputs

Examples:

import tensorflow as tf
from transformers import RobertaTokenizer, TFRobertaForSequenceClassification

tokenizer = RobertaTokenizer.from_pretrained('roberta-base')
model = TFRobertaForSequenceClassification.from_pretrained('roberta-base')
input_ids = tf.constant(tokenizer.encode("Hello, my dog is cute", add_special_tokens=True))[None, :]  # Batch size 1
labels = tf.constant([1])[None, :]  # Batch size 1
outputs = model(input_ids)
logits = outputs[0]

TFRobertaForTokenClassification

class transformers.TFRobertaForTokenClassification(config, *inputs, **kwargs)[source]

RoBERTa Model with a token classification head on top (a linear layer on top of the hidden-states output) e.g. for Named-Entity-Recognition (NER) tasks. This model is a tf.keras.Model sub-class. Use it as a regular TF 2.0 Keras Model and refer to the TF 2.0 documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Note

TF 2.0 models accepts two formats as inputs:

  • having all inputs as keyword arguments (like PyTorch models), or

  • having all inputs as a list, tuple or dict in the first positional arguments.

This second option is useful when using tf.keras.Model.fit() method which currently requires having all the tensors in the first argument of the model call function: model(inputs).

If you choose this second option, there are three possibilities you can use to gather all the input Tensors in the first positional argument :

  • a single Tensor with input_ids only and nothing else: model(inputs_ids)

  • a list of varying length with one or several input Tensors IN THE ORDER given in the docstring: model([input_ids, attention_mask]) or model([input_ids, attention_mask, token_type_ids])

  • a dictionary with one or several input Tensors associated to the input names given in the docstring: model({'input_ids': input_ids, 'token_type_ids': token_type_ids})

Parameters

config (RobertaConfig) – Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

call(inputs, **kwargs)[source]

The TFRobertaForTokenClassification forward method, overrides the __call__() special method.

Note

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Parameters
  • input_ids (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) –

    Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary.

    Indices can be obtained using transformers.RobertaTokenizer. See transformers.PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and transformers.PreTrainedTokenizer.encode_plus() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]: 1 for tokens that are NOT MASKED, 0 for MASKED tokens.

    What are attention masks?

  • token_type_ids (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Segment token indices to indicate first and second portions of the inputs. Indices are selected in [0, 1]: 0 corresponds to a sentence A token, 1 corresponds to a sentence B token

    What are token type IDs?

  • position_ids (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional, defaults to None) –

    Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.max_position_embeddings - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • head_mask (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (num_heads,) or (num_layers, num_heads), optional, defaults to None) – Mask to nullify selected heads of the self-attention modules. Mask values selected in [0, 1]: 1 indicates the head is not masked, 0 indicates the head is masked.

  • inputs_embeds (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, embedding_dim), optional, defaults to None) – Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.

  • training (boolean, optional, defaults to False) – Whether to activate dropout modules (if set to True) during training or to de-activate them (if set to False) for evaluation.

Returns

scores (Numpy array or tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.num_labels)):

Classification scores (before SoftMax).

hidden_states (tuple(tf.Tensor), optional, returned when config.output_hidden_states=True):

tuple of tf.Tensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

attentions (tuple(tf.Tensor), optional, returned when config.output_attentions=True):

tuple of tf.Tensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length):

Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

Return type

tuple(torch.FloatTensor) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (RobertaConfig) and inputs

Examples:

import tensorflow as tf
from transformers import RobertaTokenizer, TFRobertaForTokenClassification

tokenizer = RobertaTokenizer.from_pretrained('roberta-base')
model = TFRobertaForTokenClassification.from_pretrained('roberta-base')
input_ids = tf.constant(tokenizer.encode("Hello, my dog is cute", add_special_tokens=True))[None, :]  # Batch size 1
outputs = model(input_ids)
scores = outputs[0]