Transformers documentation

RetriBERT

Hugging Face's logo
Join the Hugging Face community

and get access to the augmented documentation experience

to get started

RetriBERT

Overview

The RetriBERT model was proposed in the blog post Explain Anything Like I’m Five: A Model for Open Domain Long Form Question Answering. RetriBERT is a small model that uses either a single or pair of BERT encoders with lower-dimension projection for dense semantic indexing of text.

This model was contributed by yjernite. Code to train and use the model can be found here.

RetriBertConfig

class transformers.RetriBertConfig

< >

( vocab_size = 30522 hidden_size = 768 num_hidden_layers = 8 num_attention_heads = 12 intermediate_size = 3072 hidden_act = 'gelu' hidden_dropout_prob = 0.1 attention_probs_dropout_prob = 0.1 max_position_embeddings = 512 type_vocab_size = 2 initializer_range = 0.02 layer_norm_eps = 1e-12 share_encoders = True projection_dim = 128 pad_token_id = 0 **kwargs )

Parameters

  • vocab_size (int, optional, defaults to 30522) — Vocabulary size of the RetriBERT model. Defines the number of different tokens that can be represented by the inputs_ids passed when calling RetriBertModel
  • hidden_size (int, optional, defaults to 768) — Dimensionality of the encoder layers and the pooler layer.
  • num_hidden_layers (int, optional, defaults to 12) — Number of hidden layers in the Transformer encoder.
  • num_attention_heads (int, optional, defaults to 12) — Number of attention heads for each attention layer in the Transformer encoder.
  • intermediate_size (int, optional, defaults to 3072) — Dimensionality of the “intermediate” (often named feed-forward) layer in the Transformer encoder.
  • hidden_act (str or function, optional, defaults to "gelu") — The non-linear activation function (function or string) in the encoder and pooler. If string, "gelu", "relu", "silu" and "gelu_new" are supported.
  • hidden_dropout_prob (float, optional, defaults to 0.1) — The dropout probability for all fully connected layers in the embeddings, encoder, and pooler.
  • attention_probs_dropout_prob (float, optional, defaults to 0.1) — The dropout ratio for the attention probabilities.
  • max_position_embeddings (int, optional, defaults to 512) — The maximum sequence length that this model might ever be used with. Typically set this to something large just in case (e.g., 512 or 1024 or 2048).
  • type_vocab_size (int, optional, defaults to 2) — The vocabulary size of the token_type_ids passed into BertModel.
  • initializer_range (float, optional, defaults to 0.02) — The standard deviation of the truncated_normal_initializer for initializing all weight matrices.
  • layer_norm_eps (float, optional, defaults to 1e-12) — The epsilon used by the layer normalization layers.
  • share_encoders (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to use the same Bert-type encoder for the queries and document
  • projection_dim (int, optional, defaults to 128) — Final dimension of the query and document representation after projection

This is the configuration class to store the configuration of a RetriBertModel. It is used to instantiate a RetriBertModel model according to the specified arguments, defining the model architecture. Instantiating a configuration with the defaults will yield a similar configuration to that of the RetriBERT yjernite/retribert-base-uncased architecture.

Configuration objects inherit from PretrainedConfig and can be used to control the model outputs. Read the documentation from PretrainedConfig for more information.

RetriBertTokenizer

class transformers.RetriBertTokenizer

< >

( vocab_file do_lower_case = True do_basic_tokenize = True never_split = None unk_token = '[UNK]' sep_token = '[SEP]' pad_token = '[PAD]' cls_token = '[CLS]' mask_token = '[MASK]' tokenize_chinese_chars = True strip_accents = None **kwargs )

Parameters

  • vocab_file (str) — File containing the vocabulary.
  • do_lower_case (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to lowercase the input when tokenizing.
  • do_basic_tokenize (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to do basic tokenization before WordPiece.
  • never_split (Iterable, optional) — Collection of tokens which will never be split during tokenization. Only has an effect when do_basic_tokenize=True
  • unk_token (str, optional, defaults to "[UNK]") — The unknown token. A token that is not in the vocabulary cannot be converted to an ID and is set to be this token instead.
  • sep_token (str, optional, defaults to "[SEP]") — The separator token, which is used when building a sequence from multiple sequences, e.g. two sequences for sequence classification or for a text and a question for question answering. It is also used as the last token of a sequence built with special tokens.
  • pad_token (str, optional, defaults to "[PAD]") — The token used for padding, for example when batching sequences of different lengths.
  • cls_token (str, optional, defaults to "[CLS]") — The classifier token which is used when doing sequence classification (classification of the whole sequence instead of per-token classification). It is the first token of the sequence when built with special tokens.
  • mask_token (str, optional, defaults to "[MASK]") — The token used for masking values. This is the token used when training this model with masked language modeling. This is the token which the model will try to predict.
  • tokenize_chinese_chars (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to tokenize Chinese characters. This should likely be deactivated for Japanese (see this issue).
  • strip_accents (bool, optional) — Whether or not to strip all accents. If this option is not specified, then it will be determined by the value for lowercase (as in the original BERT).

Constructs a RetriBERT tokenizer.

RetriBertTokenizer is identical to BertTokenizer and runs end-to-end tokenization: punctuation splitting and wordpiece.

This tokenizer inherits from PreTrainedTokenizer which contains most of the main methods. Users should refer to: this superclass for more information regarding those methods.

build_inputs_with_special_tokens

< >

( token_ids_0: typing.List[int] token_ids_1: typing.Optional[typing.List[int]] = None ) List[int]

Parameters

  • token_ids_0 (List[int]) — List of IDs to which the special tokens will be added.
  • token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) — Optional second list of IDs for sequence pairs.

Returns

List[int]

List of input IDs with the appropriate special tokens.

Build model inputs from a sequence or a pair of sequence for sequence classification tasks by concatenating and adding special tokens. A BERT sequence has the following format:

  • single sequence: [CLS] X [SEP]
  • pair of sequences: [CLS] A [SEP] B [SEP]

convert_tokens_to_string

< >

( tokens )

Converts a sequence of tokens (string) in a single string.

create_token_type_ids_from_sequences

< >

( token_ids_0: typing.List[int] token_ids_1: typing.Optional[typing.List[int]] = None ) List[int]

Parameters

  • token_ids_0 (List[int]) — List of IDs.
  • token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) — Optional second list of IDs for sequence pairs.

Returns

List[int]

List of token type IDs according to the given sequence(s).

Create a mask from the two sequences passed to be used in a sequence-pair classification task. A BERT sequence

pair mask has the following format:

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
| first sequence    | second sequence |

If token_ids_1 is None, this method only returns the first portion of the mask (0s).

get_special_tokens_mask

< >

( token_ids_0: typing.List[int] token_ids_1: typing.Optional[typing.List[int]] = None already_has_special_tokens: bool = False ) List[int]

Parameters

  • token_ids_0 (List[int]) — List of IDs.
  • token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) — Optional second list of IDs for sequence pairs.
  • already_has_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not the token list is already formatted with special tokens for the model.

Returns

List[int]

A list of integers in the range [0, 1]: 1 for a special token, 0 for a sequence token.

Retrieve sequence ids from a token list that has no special tokens added. This method is called when adding special tokens using the tokenizer prepare_for_model method.

RetriBertTokenizerFast

class transformers.RetriBertTokenizerFast

< >

( vocab_file = None tokenizer_file = None do_lower_case = True unk_token = '[UNK]' sep_token = '[SEP]' pad_token = '[PAD]' cls_token = '[CLS]' mask_token = '[MASK]' tokenize_chinese_chars = True strip_accents = None **kwargs )

Parameters

  • vocab_file (str) — File containing the vocabulary.
  • do_lower_case (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to lowercase the input when tokenizing.
  • unk_token (str, optional, defaults to "[UNK]") — The unknown token. A token that is not in the vocabulary cannot be converted to an ID and is set to be this token instead.
  • sep_token (str, optional, defaults to "[SEP]") — The separator token, which is used when building a sequence from multiple sequences, e.g. two sequences for sequence classification or for a text and a question for question answering. It is also used as the last token of a sequence built with special tokens.
  • pad_token (str, optional, defaults to "[PAD]") — The token used for padding, for example when batching sequences of different lengths.
  • cls_token (str, optional, defaults to "[CLS]") — The classifier token which is used when doing sequence classification (classification of the whole sequence instead of per-token classification). It is the first token of the sequence when built with special tokens.
  • mask_token (str, optional, defaults to "[MASK]") — The token used for masking values. This is the token used when training this model with masked language modeling. This is the token which the model will try to predict.
  • clean_text (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to clean the text before tokenization by removing any control characters and replacing all whitespaces by the classic one.
  • tokenize_chinese_chars (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to tokenize Chinese characters. This should likely be deactivated for Japanese (see this issue).
  • strip_accents (bool, optional) — Whether or not to strip all accents. If this option is not specified, then it will be determined by the value for lowercase (as in the original BERT).
  • wordpieces_prefix (str, optional, defaults to "##") — The prefix for subwords.

Construct a “fast” RetriBERT tokenizer (backed by HuggingFace’s tokenizers library).

RetriBertTokenizerFast is identical to BertTokenizerFast and runs end-to-end tokenization: punctuation splitting and wordpiece.

This tokenizer inherits from PreTrainedTokenizerFast which contains most of the main methods. Users should refer to this superclass for more information regarding those methods.

build_inputs_with_special_tokens

< >

( token_ids_0 token_ids_1 = None ) List[int]

Parameters

  • token_ids_0 (List[int]) — List of IDs to which the special tokens will be added.
  • token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) — Optional second list of IDs for sequence pairs.

Returns

List[int]

List of input IDs with the appropriate special tokens.

Build model inputs from a sequence or a pair of sequence for sequence classification tasks by concatenating and adding special tokens. A BERT sequence has the following format:

  • single sequence: [CLS] X [SEP]
  • pair of sequences: [CLS] A [SEP] B [SEP]

create_token_type_ids_from_sequences

< >

( token_ids_0: typing.List[int] token_ids_1: typing.Optional[typing.List[int]] = None ) List[int]

Parameters

  • token_ids_0 (List[int]) — List of IDs.
  • token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) — Optional second list of IDs for sequence pairs.

Returns

List[int]

List of token type IDs according to the given sequence(s).

Create a mask from the two sequences passed to be used in a sequence-pair classification task. A BERT sequence

pair mask has the following format:

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
| first sequence    | second sequence |

If token_ids_1 is None, this method only returns the first portion of the mask (0s).

RetriBertModel

class transformers.RetriBertModel

< >

( config: RetriBertConfig )

Parameters

  • config (RetriBertConfig) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

Bert Based model to embed queries or document for document retrieval.

This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a PyTorch torch.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( input_ids_query: LongTensor attention_mask_query: typing.Optional[torch.FloatTensor] input_ids_doc: LongTensor attention_mask_doc: typing.Optional[torch.FloatTensor] checkpoint_batch_size: int = -1 ) `torch.FloatTensor“

Parameters

  • input_ids_query (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary for the queries in a batch.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask_query (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

  • input_ids_doc (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary for the documents in a batch.
  • attention_mask_doc (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on documents padding token indices.
  • checkpoint_batch_size (int, optional, defaults to -1) — If greater than 0, uses gradient checkpointing to only compute sequence representation on checkpoint_batch_size examples at a time on the GPU. All query representations are still compared to all document representations in the batch.

Returns

`torch.FloatTensor“

The bidirectional cross-entropy loss obtained while trying to match each query to its corresponding document and each document to its corresponding query in the batch