Transformers documentation

StableLM

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StableLM

Overview

StableLM 3B 4E1T was proposed in StableLM 3B 4E1T: Technical Report by Stability AI and is the first model in a series of multi-epoch pre-trained language models.

Model Details

StableLM 3B 4E1T is a decoder-only base language model pre-trained on 1 trillion tokens of diverse English and code datasets for four epochs. The model architecture is transformer-based with partial Rotary Position Embeddings, SwiGLU activation, LayerNorm, etc.

We also provide StableLM Zephyr 3B, an instruction fine-tuned version of the model that can be used for chat-based applications.

Usage Tips

  • The architecture is similar to LLaMA but with RoPE applied to 25% of head embedding dimensions, LayerNorm instead of RMSNorm, and optional QKV bias terms.
  • StableLM 3B 4E1T-based models uses the same tokenizer as GPTNeoXTokenizerFast.

StableLM 3B 4E1T and StableLM Zephyr 3B can be found on the Huggingface Hub

The following code snippet demonstrates how to use StableLM 3B 4E1T for inference:

>>> from transformers import AutoModelForCausalLM, AutoTokenizer, set_seed
>>> device = "cuda" # the device to load the model onto

>>> set_seed(0)

>>> tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained("stabilityai/stablelm-3b-4e1t")
>>> model = AutoModelForCausalLM.from_pretrained("stabilityai/stablelm-3b-4e1t")
>>> model.to(device)
>>> model_inputs = tokenizer("The weather is always wonderful in", return_tensors="pt").to(model.device)

>>> generated_ids = model.generate(**model_inputs, max_length=32, do_sample=True)
>>> responses = tokenizer.batch_decode(generated_ids, skip_special_tokens=True)
>>> responses
['The weather is always wonderful in Costa Rica, which makes it a prime destination for retirees. That’s where the Pensionado program comes in, offering']

Combining StableLM and Flash Attention 2

First, make sure to install the latest version of Flash Attention v2.

pip install -U flash-attn --no-build-isolation

Also make sure that your hardware is compatible with Flash-Attention 2. Read more about it in the official documentation of the flash-attn repository. Note: you must load your model in half-precision (e.g. torch.bfloat16).

Now, to run the model with Flash Attention 2, refer to the snippet below:

>>> import torch
>>> from transformers import AutoModelForCausalLM, AutoTokenizer, set_seed
>>> device = "cuda" # the device to load the model onto

>>> set_seed(0)

>>> tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained("stabilityai/stablelm-3b-4e1t")
>>> model = AutoModelForCausalLM.from_pretrained("stabilityai/stablelm-3b-4e1t", torch_dtype=torch.bfloat16, attn_implementation="flash_attention_2")
>>> model.to(device)
>>> model_inputs = tokenizer("The weather is always wonderful in", return_tensors="pt").to(model.device)

>>> generated_ids = model.generate(**model_inputs, max_length=32, do_sample=True)
>>> responses = tokenizer.batch_decode(generated_ids, skip_special_tokens=True)
>>> responses
['The weather is always wonderful in Costa Rica, which makes it a prime destination for retirees. That’s where the Pensionado program comes in, offering']

StableLmConfig

class transformers.StableLmConfig

< >

( vocab_size = 50304 intermediate_size = 6912 hidden_size = 2560 num_hidden_layers = 32 num_attention_heads = 32 num_key_value_heads = 32 hidden_act = 'silu' max_position_embeddings = 4096 initializer_range = 0.02 layer_norm_eps = 1e-05 use_cache = True tie_word_embeddings = False rope_theta = 10000 rope_scaling = None use_qkv_bias = False qk_layernorm = False use_parallel_residual = False hidden_dropout = 0.0 attention_dropout = 0.0 partial_rotary_factor = 0.25 bos_token_id = 0 eos_token_id = 0 **kwargs )

Parameters

  • vocab_size (int, optional, defaults to 50304) — Vocabulary size of the StableLM model. Defines the number of different tokens that can be represented by the inputs_ids passed when calling StableLmModel.
  • intermediate_size (int, optional, defaults to 6912) — Dimension of the MLP representations.
  • hidden_size (int, optional, defaults to 2560) — Number of hidden layers in the Transformer decoder.
  • num_hidden_layers (int, optional, defaults to 32) — Number of hidden layers in the Transformer decoder.
  • num_attention_heads (int, optional, defaults to 32) — Number of attention heads for each attention layer in the Transformer encoder.
  • num_key_value_heads (int, optional, defaults to 32) — This is the number of key_value heads that should be used to implement Grouped Query Attention. If num_key_value_heads=num_attention_heads, the model will use Multi Head Attention (MHA), if num_key_value_heads=1 the model will use Multi Query Attention (MQA) otherwise GQA is used. When converting a multi-head checkpoint to a GQA checkpoint, each group key and value head should be constructed by meanpooling all the original heads within that group. For more details checkout [this paper](https://arxiv.org/pdf/2305.13245.pdf). If it is not specified, will default to num_attention_heads`.
  • hidden_act (str or function, optional, defaults to "silu") — The non-linear activation function (function or string).
  • max_position_embeddings (int, optional, defaults to 4096) — The maximum sequence length that this model might ever be used with. Typically set this to something large just in case (e.g., 512 or 1024 or 2048).
  • initializer_range (float, optional, defaults to 0.02) — The standard deviation of the truncated_normal_initializer for initializing all weight matrices.
  • layer_norm_eps (float, optional, defaults to 1e-05) — The epsilon used by the normalization layers.
  • use_cache (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not the model should return the last key/values attentions (not used by all models). Only relevant if config.is_decoder=True.
  • tie_word_embeddings (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether the model’s input and output word embeddings should be tied.
  • rope_theta (float, optional, defaults to 10000.0) — The base period of the RoPE embeddings.
  • rope_scaling (Dict, optional) — Dictionary containing the scaling configuration for the RoPE embeddings. Currently supports two scaling strategies: linear and dynamic. Their scaling factor must be a float greater than 1. The expected format is {"type": strategy name, "factor": scaling factor}. When using this flag, don’t update max_position_embeddings to the expected new maximum. See the following thread for more information on how these scaling strategies behave: https://www.reddit.com/r/LocalLLaMA/comments/14mrgpr/dynamically_scaled_rope_further_increases/. This is an experimental feature, subject to breaking API changes in future versions.
  • use_qkv_bias (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not the model should use bias for qkv layers.
  • qk_layernorm (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to normalize, per head, the Queries and Keys after projecting the hidden states.
  • use_parallel_residual (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether to use a “parallel” formulation in each Transformer layer, which can provide a slight training speedup at large scales.
  • hidden_dropout (float, optional, defaults to 0.0) — The dropout ratio after applying the MLP to the hidden states.
  • attention_dropout (float, optional, defaults to 0.0) — The dropout ratio for the attention probabilities.
  • partial_rotary_factor (float, optional, defaults to 0.25) — Percentage of the query and keys which will have rotary embedding.
  • bos_token_id (int, optional, defaults to 0) — The id of the BOS token in the vocabulary.
  • eos_token_id (int, optional, defaults to 0) — The id of the EOS token in the vocabulary.

This is the configuration class to store the configuration of a ~StableLmModel. It is used to instantiate an StableLM model according to the specified arguments, defining the model architecture. Instantiating a configuration with the defaults will yield a similar configuration to that of the StableLM stabilityai/stablelm-3b-4e1t architecture.

Configuration objects inherit from PretrainedConfig and can be used to control the model outputs. Read the documentation from PretrainedConfig for more information.

Example:

>>> from transformers import StableLmModel, StableLmConfig

>>> # Initializing a StableLM stablelm-3b style configuration
>>> configuration = StableLmConfig()

StableLmModel

class transformers.StableLmModel

< >

( config: StableLmConfig )

Parameters

  • config (StableLmConfig) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights. config — StableLmConfig

The bare StableLm Model outputting raw hidden-states without any specific head on top. This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a PyTorch torch.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Transformer decoder consisting of config.num_hidden_layers layers. Each layer is a StableLmDecoderLayer

forward

< >

( input_ids: LongTensor = None attention_mask: Optional = None position_ids: Optional = None past_key_values: Optional = None inputs_embeds: Optional = None use_cache: Optional = None output_attentions: Optional = None output_hidden_states: Optional = None return_dict: Optional = None )

Parameters

  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary. Padding will be ignored by default should you provide it.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (torch.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    If past_key_values is used, optionally only the last decoder_input_ids have to be input (see past_key_values).

    If you want to change padding behavior, you should read modeling_opt._prepare_decoder_attention_mask and modify to your needs. See diagram 1 in the paper for more information on the default strategy.

    • 1 indicates the head is not masked,
    • 0 indicates the head is masked.
  • position_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.n_positions - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • past_key_values (Cache or tuple(tuple(torch.FloatTensor)), optional) — Pre-computed hidden-states (key and values in the self-attention blocks and in the cross-attention blocks) that can be used to speed up sequential decoding. This typically consists in the past_key_values returned by the model at a previous stage of decoding, when use_cache=True or config.use_cache=True.

    Two formats are allowed:

    • a Cache instance;
    • Tuple of tuple(torch.FloatTensor) of length config.n_layers, with each tuple having 2 tensors of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, embed_size_per_head)). This is also known as the legacy cache format.

    The model will output the same cache format that is fed as input. If no past_key_values are passed, the legacy cache format will be returned.

    If past_key_values are used, the user can optionally input only the last input_ids (those that don’t have their past key value states given to this model) of shape (batch_size, 1) instead of all input_ids of shape (batch_size, sequence_length).

  • inputs_embeds (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size), optional) — Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.
  • use_cache (bool, optional) — If set to True, past_key_values key value states are returned and can be used to speed up decoding (see past_key_values).
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

The StableLmModel forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

StableLmForCausalLM

class transformers.StableLmForCausalLM

< >

( config )

forward

< >

( input_ids: LongTensor = None attention_mask: Optional = None position_ids: Optional = None past_key_values: Optional = None inputs_embeds: Optional = None labels: Optional = None use_cache: Optional = None output_attentions: Optional = None output_hidden_states: Optional = None return_dict: Optional = None ) transformers.modeling_outputs.CausalLMOutputWithPast or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary. Padding will be ignored by default should you provide it.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (torch.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    If past_key_values is used, optionally only the last decoder_input_ids have to be input (see past_key_values).

    If you want to change padding behavior, you should read modeling_opt._prepare_decoder_attention_mask and modify to your needs. See diagram 1 in the paper for more information on the default strategy.

    • 1 indicates the head is not masked,
    • 0 indicates the head is masked.
  • position_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.n_positions - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • past_key_values (Cache or tuple(tuple(torch.FloatTensor)), optional) — Pre-computed hidden-states (key and values in the self-attention blocks and in the cross-attention blocks) that can be used to speed up sequential decoding. This typically consists in the past_key_values returned by the model at a previous stage of decoding, when use_cache=True or config.use_cache=True.

    Two formats are allowed:

    • a Cache instance;
    • Tuple of tuple(torch.FloatTensor) of length config.n_layers, with each tuple having 2 tensors of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, embed_size_per_head)). This is also known as the legacy cache format.

    The model will output the same cache format that is fed as input. If no past_key_values are passed, the legacy cache format will be returned.

    If past_key_values are used, the user can optionally input only the last input_ids (those that don’t have their past key value states given to this model) of shape (batch_size, 1) instead of all input_ids of shape (batch_size, sequence_length).

  • inputs_embeds (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size), optional) — Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.
  • use_cache (bool, optional) — If set to True, past_key_values key value states are returned and can be used to speed up decoding (see past_key_values).
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

    Args — labels (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional): Labels for computing the masked language modeling loss. Indices should either be in [0, ..., config.vocab_size] or -100 (see input_ids docstring). Tokens with indices set to -100 are ignored (masked), the loss is only computed for the tokens with labels in [0, ..., config.vocab_size].

Returns

transformers.modeling_outputs.CausalLMOutputWithPast or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.modeling_outputs.CausalLMOutputWithPast or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (StableLmConfig) and inputs.

  • loss (torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,), optional, returned when labels is provided) — Language modeling loss (for next-token prediction).

  • logits (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.vocab_size)) — Prediction scores of the language modeling head (scores for each vocabulary token before SoftMax).

  • past_key_values (tuple(tuple(torch.FloatTensor)), optional, returned when use_cache=True is passed or when config.use_cache=True) — Tuple of tuple(torch.FloatTensor) of length config.n_layers, with each tuple having 2 tensors of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, embed_size_per_head))

    Contains pre-computed hidden-states (key and values in the self-attention blocks) that can be used (see past_key_values input) to speed up sequential decoding.

  • hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings, if the model has an embedding layer, + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the optional initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The StableLmForCausalLM forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Example:

>>> from transformers import AutoTokenizer, StableLmForCausalLM

>>> model = StableLmForCausalLM.from_pretrained("stabilityai/stablelm-3b-4e1t")
>>> tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained("stabilityai/stablelm-3b-4e1t")

>>> prompt = "The weather is always wonderful in"
>>> inputs = tokenizer(prompt, return_tensors="pt")

>>> # Generate
>>> generate_ids = model.generate(inputs.input_ids, max_length=30)
>>> tokenizer.batch_decode(generate_ids, skip_special_tokens=True, clean_up_tokenization_spaces=False)[0]
'The weather is always wonderful in the summer in the city of San Diego. The city is located on the coast of the Pacific Ocean and is surrounded by'

StableLmForSequenceClassification

class transformers.StableLmForSequenceClassification

< >

( config )

Parameters

  • config (StableLmConfig) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

The StableLm transformer with a sequence classification head on top (linear layer).

StableLmForSequenceClassification uses the last token in order to do the classification, as other causal models (e.g. GPT-2) do.

Since it does classification on the last token, it requires to know the position of the last token. If a pad_token_id is defined in the configuration, it finds the last token that is not a padding token in each row. If no pad_token_id is defined, it simply takes the last value in each row of the batch. Since it cannot guess the padding tokens when inputs_embeds are passed instead of input_ids, it does the same (take the last value in each row of the batch).

This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a PyTorch torch.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( input_ids: LongTensor = None attention_mask: Optional = None position_ids: Optional = None past_key_values: Optional = None inputs_embeds: Optional = None labels: Optional = None use_cache: Optional = None output_attentions: Optional = None output_hidden_states: Optional = None return_dict: Optional = None )

Parameters

  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary. Padding will be ignored by default should you provide it.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (torch.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    If past_key_values is used, optionally only the last decoder_input_ids have to be input (see past_key_values).

    If you want to change padding behavior, you should read modeling_opt._prepare_decoder_attention_mask and modify to your needs. See diagram 1 in the paper for more information on the default strategy.

    • 1 indicates the head is not masked,
    • 0 indicates the head is masked.
  • position_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.n_positions - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • past_key_values (Cache or tuple(tuple(torch.FloatTensor)), optional) — Pre-computed hidden-states (key and values in the self-attention blocks and in the cross-attention blocks) that can be used to speed up sequential decoding. This typically consists in the past_key_values returned by the model at a previous stage of decoding, when use_cache=True or config.use_cache=True.

    Two formats are allowed:

    • a Cache instance;
    • Tuple of tuple(torch.FloatTensor) of length config.n_layers, with each tuple having 2 tensors of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, embed_size_per_head)). This is also known as the legacy cache format.

    The model will output the same cache format that is fed as input. If no past_key_values are passed, the legacy cache format will be returned.

    If past_key_values are used, the user can optionally input only the last input_ids (those that don’t have their past key value states given to this model) of shape (batch_size, 1) instead of all input_ids of shape (batch_size, sequence_length).

  • inputs_embeds (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size), optional) — Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.
  • use_cache (bool, optional) — If set to True, past_key_values key value states are returned and can be used to speed up decoding (see past_key_values).
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • labels (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size,), optional) — Labels for computing the sequence classification/regression loss. Indices should be in [0, ..., config.num_labels - 1]. If config.num_labels == 1 a regression loss is computed (Mean-Square loss), If config.num_labels > 1 a classification loss is computed (Cross-Entropy).

The StableLmForSequenceClassification forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.