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Cycle Diffusion

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# Cycle Diffusion

## Overview

Cycle Diffusion is a Text-Guided Image-to-Image Generation model proposed in Unifying Diffusion Models’ Latent Space, with Applications to CycleDiffusion and Guidance by Chen Henry Wu, Fernando De la Torre.

The abstract of the paper is the following:

Diffusion models have achieved unprecedented performance in generative modeling. The commonly-adopted formulation of the latent code of diffusion models is a sequence of gradually denoised samples, as opposed to the simpler (e.g., Gaussian) latent space of GANs, VAEs, and normalizing flows. This paper provides an alternative, Gaussian formulation of the latent space of various diffusion models, as well as an invertible DPM-Encoder that maps images into the latent space. While our formulation is purely based on the definition of diffusion models, we demonstrate several intriguing consequences. (1) Empirically, we observe that a common latent space emerges from two diffusion models trained independently on related domains. In light of this finding, we propose CycleDiffusion, which uses DPM-Encoder for unpaired image-to-image translation. Furthermore, applying CycleDiffusion to text-to-image diffusion models, we show that large-scale text-to-image diffusion models can be used as zero-shot image-to-image editors. (2) One can guide pre-trained diffusion models and GANs by controlling the latent codes in a unified, plug-and-play formulation based on energy-based models. Using the CLIP model and a face recognition model as guidance, we demonstrate that diffusion models have better coverage of low-density sub-populations and individuals than GANs.

Tips:

• The Cycle Diffusion pipeline is fully compatible with any Stable Diffusion checkpoints
• Currently Cycle Diffusion only works with the DDIMScheduler.

Example:

In the following we should how to best use the CycleDiffusionPipeline

import requests
import torch
from PIL import Image
from io import BytesIO

from diffusers import CycleDiffusionPipeline, DDIMScheduler

# load the pipeline
# make sure you're logged in with huggingface-cli login
model_id_or_path = "CompVis/stable-diffusion-v1-4"
scheduler = DDIMScheduler.from_pretrained(model_id_or_path, subfolder="scheduler")
pipe = CycleDiffusionPipeline.from_pretrained(model_id_or_path, scheduler=scheduler).to("cuda")

url = "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ChenWu98/cycle-diffusion/main/data/dalle2/An%20astronaut%20riding%20a%20horse.png"
response = requests.get(url)
init_image = Image.open(BytesIO(response.content)).convert("RGB")
init_image = init_image.resize((512, 512))
init_image.save("horse.png")

# let's specify a prompt
source_prompt = "An astronaut riding a horse"
prompt = "An astronaut riding an elephant"

# call the pipeline
image = pipe(
prompt=prompt,
source_prompt=source_prompt,
image=init_image,
num_inference_steps=100,
eta=0.1,
strength=0.8,
guidance_scale=2,
source_guidance_scale=1,
).images[0]

image.save("horse_to_elephant.png")

# let's try another example
# See more samples at the original repo: https://github.com/ChenWu98/cycle-diffusion
url = "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ChenWu98/cycle-diffusion/main/data/dalle2/A%20black%20colored%20car.png"
response = requests.get(url)
init_image = Image.open(BytesIO(response.content)).convert("RGB")
init_image = init_image.resize((512, 512))
init_image.save("black.png")

source_prompt = "A black colored car"
prompt = "A blue colored car"

# call the pipeline
torch.manual_seed(0)
image = pipe(
prompt=prompt,
source_prompt=source_prompt,
image=init_image,
num_inference_steps=100,
eta=0.1,
strength=0.85,
guidance_scale=3,
source_guidance_scale=1,
).images[0]

image.save("black_to_blue.png")

## CycleDiffusionPipeline

### class diffusers.CycleDiffusionPipeline

< >

( vae: AutoencoderKL text_encoder: CLIPTextModel tokenizer: CLIPTokenizer unet: UNet2DConditionModel scheduler: DDIMScheduler safety_checker: StableDiffusionSafetyChecker feature_extractor: CLIPFeatureExtractor requires_safety_checker: bool = True )

Parameters

• vae (AutoencoderKL) — Variational Auto-Encoder (VAE) Model to encode and decode images to and from latent representations.
• text_encoder (CLIPTextModel) — Frozen text-encoder. Stable Diffusion uses the text portion of CLIP, specifically the clip-vit-large-patch14 variant.
• tokenizer (CLIPTokenizer) — Tokenizer of class CLIPTokenizer.
• unet (UNet2DConditionModel) — Conditional U-Net architecture to denoise the encoded image latents.
• scheduler (SchedulerMixin) — A scheduler to be used in combination with unet to denoise the encoded image latents. Can be one of DDIMScheduler, LMSDiscreteScheduler, or PNDMScheduler.
• safety_checker (StableDiffusionSafetyChecker) — Classification module that estimates whether generated images could be considered offensive or harmful. Please, refer to the model card for details.
• feature_extractor (CLIPFeatureExtractor) — Model that extracts features from generated images to be used as inputs for the safety_checker.

Pipeline for text-guided image to image generation using Stable Diffusion.

This model inherits from DiffusionPipeline. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all the pipelines (such as downloading or saving, running on a particular device, etc.)

#### __call__

< >

( prompt: typing.Union[str, typing.List[str]] source_prompt: typing.Union[str, typing.List[str]] image: typing.Union[torch.FloatTensor, PIL.Image.Image] = None strength: float = 0.8 num_inference_steps: typing.Optional[int] = 50 guidance_scale: typing.Optional[float] = 7.5 source_guidance_scale: typing.Optional[float] = 1 num_images_per_prompt: typing.Optional[int] = 1 eta: typing.Optional[float] = 0.1 generator: typing.Union[torch._C.Generator, typing.List[torch._C.Generator], NoneType] = None prompt_embeds: typing.Optional[torch.FloatTensor] = None output_type: typing.Optional[str] = 'pil' return_dict: bool = True callback: typing.Union[typing.Callable[[int, int, torch.FloatTensor], NoneType], NoneType] = None callback_steps: typing.Optional[int] = 1 **kwargs ) StableDiffusionPipelineOutput or tuple

Parameters

• prompt (str or List[str]) — The prompt or prompts to guide the image generation.
• image (torch.FloatTensor or PIL.Image.Image) — Image, or tensor representing an image batch, that will be used as the starting point for the process.
• strength (float, optional, defaults to 0.8) — Conceptually, indicates how much to transform the reference image. Must be between 0 and 1. image will be used as a starting point, adding more noise to it the larger the strength. The number of denoising steps depends on the amount of noise initially added. When strength is 1, added noise will be maximum and the denoising process will run for the full number of iterations specified in num_inference_steps. A value of 1, therefore, essentially ignores image.
• num_inference_steps (int, optional, defaults to 50) — The number of denoising steps. More denoising steps usually lead to a higher quality image at the expense of slower inference. This parameter will be modulated by strength.
• guidance_scale (float, optional, defaults to 7.5) — Guidance scale as defined in Classifier-Free Diffusion Guidance. guidance_scale is defined as w of equation 2. of Imagen Paper. Guidance scale is enabled by setting guidance_scale > 1. Higher guidance scale encourages to generate images that are closely linked to the text prompt, usually at the expense of lower image quality.
• source_guidance_scale (float, optional, defaults to 1) — Guidance scale for the source prompt. This is useful to control the amount of influence the source prompt for encoding.
• num_images_per_prompt (int, optional, defaults to 1) — The number of images to generate per prompt.
• eta (float, optional, defaults to 0.1) — Corresponds to parameter eta (η) in the DDIM paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.02502. Only applies to schedulers.DDIMScheduler, will be ignored for others.
• generator (torch.Generator, optional) — One or a list of torch generator(s) to make generation deterministic.
• prompt_embeds (torch.FloatTensor, optional) — Pre-generated text embeddings. Can be used to easily tweak text inputs, e.g. prompt weighting. If not provided, text embeddings will be generated from prompt input argument.
• negative_prompt_embeds (torch.FloatTensor, optional) — Pre-generated negative text embeddings. Can be used to easily tweak text inputs, e.g. prompt weighting. If not provided, negative_prompt_embeds will be generated from negative_prompt input argument.
• output_type (str, optional, defaults to "pil") — The output format of the generate image. Choose between PIL: PIL.Image.Image or np.array.
• return_dict (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to return a StableDiffusionPipelineOutput instead of a plain tuple.
• callback (Callable, optional) — A function that will be called every callback_steps steps during inference. The function will be called with the following arguments: callback(step: int, timestep: int, latents: torch.FloatTensor).
• callback_steps (int, optional, defaults to 1) — The frequency at which the callback function will be called. If not specified, the callback will be called at every step.

Returns

StableDiffusionPipelineOutput or tuple

StableDiffusionPipelineOutput if return_dict is True, otherwise a tuple. When returning a tuple, the first element is a list with the generated images, and the second element is a list of bools denoting whether the corresponding generated image likely represents "not-safe-for-work" (nsfw) content, according to the safety_checker.

Function invoked when calling the pipeline for generation.

Offloads all models to CPU using accelerate, significantly reducing memory usage. When called, unet, text_encoder, vae and safety checker have their state dicts saved to CPU and then are moved to a torch.device('meta') and loaded to GPU only when their specific submodule has its forward method called.