Accelerate documentation

Intel® Extension for PyTorch

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Intel® Extension for PyTorch

IPEX is optimized for CPUs with AVX-512 or above, and functionally works for CPUs with only AVX2. So, it is expected to bring performance benefit for Intel CPU generations with AVX-512 or above while CPUs with only AVX2 (e.g., AMD CPUs or older Intel CPUs) might result in a better performance under IPEX, but not guaranteed. IPEX provides performance optimizations for CPU training with both Float32 and BFloat16. The usage of BFloat16 is the main focus of the following sections.

Low precision data type BFloat16 has been natively supported on the 3rd Generation Xeon® Scalable Processors (aka Cooper Lake) with AVX512 instruction set and will be supported on the next generation of Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processors with Intel® Advanced Matrix Extensions (Intel® AMX) instruction set with further boosted performance. The Auto Mixed Precision for CPU backend has been enabled since PyTorch-1.10. At the same time, the support of Auto Mixed Precision with BFloat16 for CPU and BFloat16 optimization of operators has been massively enabled in Intel® Extension for PyTorch, and partially upstreamed to PyTorch master branch. Users can get better performance and user experience with IPEX Auto Mixed Precision.

IPEX installation:

IPEX release is following PyTorch, to install via pip:

PyTorch Version IPEX version
2.0 2.0.0
1.13 1.13.0
1.12 1.12.300
1.11 1.11.200
1.10 1.10.100
pip install intel_extension_for_pytorch==<version_name> -f https://developer.intel.com/ipex-whl-stable-cpu

Check more approaches for IPEX installation.

How It Works For Training optimization in CPU

🤗 Accelerate has integrated IPEX, all you need to do is enabling it through the config.

Scenario 1: Acceleration of No distributed CPU training

Run accelerate config on your machine:

$ accelerate config
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
In which compute environment are you running?
This machine
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Which type of machine are you using?
No distributed training
Do you want to run your training on CPU only (even if a GPU / Apple Silicon device is available)? [yes/NO]:yes
Do you want to use Intel PyTorch Extension (IPEX) to speed up training on CPU? [yes/NO]:yes
Do you wish to optimize your script with torch dynamo?[yes/NO]:NO
Do you want to use DeepSpeed? [yes/NO]: NO
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Do you wish to use FP16 or BF16 (mixed precision)?
bf16

This will generate a config file that will be used automatically to properly set the default options when doing

accelerate launch my_script.py --args_to_my_script

For instance, here is how you would run the NLP example examples/nlp_example.py (from the root of the repo) with IPEX enabled. default_config.yaml that is generated after accelerate config

compute_environment: LOCAL_MACHINE
distributed_type: 'NO'
downcast_bf16: 'no'
ipex_config:
  ipex: true
machine_rank: 0
main_training_function: main
mixed_precision: bf16
num_machines: 1
num_processes: 1
rdzv_backend: static
same_network: true
tpu_env: []
tpu_use_cluster: false
tpu_use_sudo: false
use_cpu: true
accelerate launch examples/nlp_example.py

Scenario 2: Acceleration of distributed CPU training we use Intel oneCCL for communication, combined with Intel® MPI library to deliver flexible, efficient, scalable cluster messaging on Intel® architecture. you could refer the here for the installation guide

Run accelerate config on your machine(node0):

$ accelerate config
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
In which compute environment are you running?
This machine
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Which type of machine are you using?
multi-CPU
How many different machines will you use (use more than 1 for multi-node training)? [1]: 4
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
What is the rank of this machine?
0
What is the IP address of the machine that will host the main process? 36.112.23.24
What is the port you will use to communicate with the main process? 29500
Are all the machines on the same local network? Answer `no` if nodes are on the cloud and/or on different network hosts [YES/no]: yes
Do you want to use Intel PyTorch Extension (IPEX) to speed up training on CPU? [yes/NO]:yes
Do you want accelerate to launch mpirun? [yes/NO]: yes
Please enter the path to the hostfile to use with mpirun [~/hostfile]: ~/hostfile
Enter the number of oneCCL worker threads [1]: 1
Do you wish to optimize your script with torch dynamo?[yes/NO]:NO
How many processes should be used for distributed training? [1]:16
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Do you wish to use FP16 or BF16 (mixed precision)?
bf16

For instance, here is how you would run the NLP example examples/nlp_example.py (from the root of the repo) with IPEX enabled for distributed CPU training.

default_config.yaml that is generated after accelerate config

compute_environment: LOCAL_MACHINE
distributed_type: MULTI_CPU
downcast_bf16: 'no'
ipex_config:
  ipex: true
machine_rank: 0
main_process_ip: 36.112.23.24
main_process_port: 29500
main_training_function: main
mixed_precision: bf16
mpirun_config:
  mpirun_ccl: '1'
  mpirun_hostfile: /home/user/hostfile
num_machines: 4
num_processes: 16
rdzv_backend: static
same_network: true
tpu_env: []
tpu_use_cluster: false
tpu_use_sudo: false
use_cpu: true

Set following env and using intel MPI to launch the training

In node0, you need to create a configuration file which contains the IP addresses of each node (for example hostfile) and pass that configuration file path as an argument. If you selected to have Accelerate launch mpirun, ensure that the location of your hostfile matches the path in the config.

$ cat hostfile
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx #node0 ip
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx #node1 ip
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx #node2 ip
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx #node3 ip

When Accelerate is launching mpirun, source the oneCCL bindings setvars.sh to get your Intel MPI environment, and then run your script using accelerate launch. Note that the python script and environment needs to exist on all of the machines being used for multi-CPU training.

oneccl_bindings_for_pytorch_path=$(python -c "from oneccl_bindings_for_pytorch import cwd; print(cwd)")
source $oneccl_bindings_for_pytorch_path/env/setvars.sh

accelerate launch examples/nlp_example.py

Otherwise, if you selected not to have Accelerate launch mpirun, run the following command in node0 and 16DDP will be enabled in node0,node1,node2,node3 with BF16 mixed precision. When using this method, the python script, python environment, and accelerate config file need to be present on all of the machines used for multi-CPU training.

oneccl_bindings_for_pytorch_path=$(python -c "from oneccl_bindings_for_pytorch import cwd; print(cwd)")
source $oneccl_bindings_for_pytorch_path/env/setvars.sh
export CCL_WORKER_COUNT=1
export MASTER_ADDR=xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx #node0 ip
export CCL_ATL_TRANSPORT=ofi
mpirun -f hostfile -n 16 -ppn 4 accelerate launch examples/nlp_example.py

Related Resources

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