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Pipelines

Pipelines provide a simple way to run state-of-the-art diffusion models in inference. Most diffusion systems consist of multiple independently-trained models and highly adaptable scheduler components - all of which are needed to have a functioning end-to-end diffusion system.

As an example, Stable Diffusion has three independently trained models:

To that end, we strive to offer all open-sourced, state-of-the-art diffusion system under a unified API. More specifically, we strive to provide pipelines that

Note that pipelines do not (and should not) offer any training functionality. If you are looking for official training examples, please have a look at examples.

🧨 Diffusers Summary

The following table summarizes all officially supported pipelines, their corresponding paper, and if available a colab notebook to directly try them out.

Pipeline Paper Tasks Colab
alt_diffusion AltDiffusion Image-to-Image Text-Guided Generation -
cycle_diffusion Cycle Diffusion Image-to-Image Text-Guided Generation
dance_diffusion Dance Diffusion Unconditional Audio Generation
ddpm Denoising Diffusion Probabilistic Models Unconditional Image Generation
ddim Denoising Diffusion Implicit Models Unconditional Image Generation
latent_diffusion High-Resolution Image Synthesis with Latent Diffusion Models Text-to-Image Generation
latent_diffusion High-Resolution Image Synthesis with Latent Diffusion Models Super Resolution Image-to-Image
latent_diffusion_uncond High-Resolution Image Synthesis with Latent Diffusion Models Unconditional Image Generation
pndm Pseudo Numerical Methods for Diffusion Models on Manifolds Unconditional Image Generation
score_sde_ve Score-Based Generative Modeling through Stochastic Differential Equations Unconditional Image Generation
score_sde_vp Score-Based Generative Modeling through Stochastic Differential Equations Unconditional Image Generation
stable_diffusion Stable Diffusion Text-to-Image Generation Open In Colab
stable_diffusion Stable Diffusion Image-to-Image Text-Guided Generation Open In Colab
stable_diffusion Stable Diffusion Text-Guided Image Inpainting Open In Colab
stable_diffusion_2 Stable Diffusion 2 Text-to-Image Generation
stable_diffusion_2 Stable Diffusion 2 Text-Guided Image Inpainting
stable_diffusion_2 Stable Diffusion 2 Text-Guided Super Resolution Image-to-Image
stable_diffusion_safe Safe Stable Diffusion Text-Guided Generation Open In Colab
stochastic_karras_ve Elucidating the Design Space of Diffusion-Based Generative Models Unconditional Image Generation
versatile_diffusion Versatile Diffusion: Text, Images and Variations All in One Diffusion Model Text-to-Image Generation
versatile_diffusion Versatile Diffusion: Text, Images and Variations All in One Diffusion Model Image Variations Generation
versatile_diffusion Versatile Diffusion: Text, Images and Variations All in One Diffusion Model Dual Image and Text Guided Generation
vq_diffusion Vector Quantized Diffusion Model for Text-to-Image Synthesis Text-to-Image Generation

Note: Pipelines are simple examples of how to play around with the diffusion systems as described in the corresponding papers.

However, most of them can be adapted to use different scheduler components or even different model components. Some pipeline examples are shown in the Examples below.

Pipelines API

Diffusion models often consist of multiple independently-trained models or other previously existing components.

Each model has been trained independently on a different task and the scheduler can easily be swapped out and replaced with a different one. During inference, we however want to be able to easily load all components and use them in inference - even if one component, e.g. CLIP’s text encoder, originates from a different library, such as Transformers. To that end, all pipelines provide the following functionality:

  • from_pretrained method that accepts a Hugging Face Hub repository id, e.g. runwayml/stable-diffusion-v1-5 or a path to a local directory, e.g. ”./stable-diffusion”. To correctly retrieve which models and components should be loaded, one has to provide a model_index.json file, e.g. runwayml/stable-diffusion-v1-5/model_index.json, which defines all components that should be loaded into the pipelines. More specifically, for each model/component one needs to define the format <name>: ["<library>", "<class name>"]. <name> is the attribute name given to the loaded instance of <class name> which can be found in the library or pipeline folder called "<library>".
  • save_pretrained that accepts a local path, e.g. ./stable-diffusion under which all models/components of the pipeline will be saved. For each component/model a folder is created inside the local path that is named after the given attribute name, e.g. ./stable_diffusion/unet. In addition, a model_index.json file is created at the root of the local path, e.g. ./stable_diffusion/model_index.json so that the complete pipeline can again be instantiated from the local path.
  • to which accepts a string or torch.device to move all models that are of type torch.nn.Module to the passed device. The behavior is fully analogous to PyTorch’s to method.
  • __call__ method to use the pipeline in inference. __call__ defines inference logic of the pipeline and should ideally encompass all aspects of it, from pre-processing to forwarding tensors to the different models and schedulers, as well as post-processing. The API of the __call__ method can strongly vary from pipeline to pipeline. E.g. a text-to-image pipeline, such as StableDiffusionPipeline should accept among other things the text prompt to generate the image. A pure image generation pipeline, such as DDPMPipeline on the other hand can be run without providing any inputs. To better understand what inputs can be adapted for each pipeline, one should look directly into the respective pipeline.

Note: All pipelines have PyTorch’s autograd disabled by decorating the __call__ method with a torch.no_grad decorator because pipelines should not be used for training. If you want to store the gradients during the forward pass, we recommend writing your own pipeline, see also our community-examples

Contribution

We are more than happy about any contribution to the officially supported pipelines 🤗. We aspire all of our pipelines to be self-contained, easy-to-tweak, beginner-friendly and for one-purpose-only.

  • Self-contained: A pipeline shall be as self-contained as possible. More specifically, this means that all functionality should be either directly defined in the pipeline file itself, should be inherited from (and only from) the DiffusionPipeline class or be directly attached to the model and scheduler components of the pipeline.
  • Easy-to-use: Pipelines should be extremely easy to use - one should be able to load the pipeline and use it for its designated task, e.g. text-to-image generation, in just a couple of lines of code. Most logic including pre-processing, an unrolled diffusion loop, and post-processing should all happen inside the __call__ method.
  • Easy-to-tweak: Certain pipelines will not be able to handle all use cases and tasks that you might like them to. If you want to use a certain pipeline for a specific use case that is not yet supported, you might have to copy the pipeline file and tweak the code to your needs. We try to make the pipeline code as readable as possible so that each part –from pre-processing to diffusing to post-processing– can easily be adapted. If you would like the community to benefit from your customized pipeline, we would love to see a contribution to our community-examples. If you feel that an important pipeline should be part of the official pipelines but isn’t, a contribution to the official pipelines would be even better.
  • One-purpose-only: Pipelines should be used for one task and one task only. Even if two tasks are very similar from a modeling point of view, e.g. image2image translation and in-painting, pipelines shall be used for one task only to keep them easy-to-tweak and readable.

Examples

Text-to-Image generation with Stable Diffusion

# make sure you're logged in with `huggingface-cli login`
from diffusers import StableDiffusionPipeline, LMSDiscreteScheduler

pipe = StableDiffusionPipeline.from_pretrained("runwayml/stable-diffusion-v1-5")
pipe = pipe.to("cuda")

prompt = "a photo of an astronaut riding a horse on mars"
image = pipe(prompt).images[0]

image.save("astronaut_rides_horse.png")

Image-to-Image text-guided generation with Stable Diffusion

The StableDiffusionImg2ImgPipeline lets you pass a text prompt and an initial image to condition the generation of new images.

import requests
from PIL import Image
from io import BytesIO

from diffusers import StableDiffusionImg2ImgPipeline

# load the pipeline
device = "cuda"
pipe = StableDiffusionImg2ImgPipeline.from_pretrained(
    "runwayml/stable-diffusion-v1-5", revision="fp16", torch_dtype=torch.float16
).to(device)

# let's download an initial image
url = "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/CompVis/stable-diffusion/main/assets/stable-samples/img2img/sketch-mountains-input.jpg"

response = requests.get(url)
init_image = Image.open(BytesIO(response.content)).convert("RGB")
init_image = init_image.resize((768, 512))

prompt = "A fantasy landscape, trending on artstation"

images = pipe(prompt=prompt, init_image=init_image, strength=0.75, guidance_scale=7.5).images

images[0].save("fantasy_landscape.png")

You can also run this example on colab Open In Colab

Tweak prompts reusing seeds and latents

You can generate your own latents to reproduce results, or tweak your prompt on a specific result you liked. This notebook shows how to do it step by step. You can also run it in Google Colab Open In Colab.

In-painting using Stable Diffusion

The StableDiffusionInpaintPipeline lets you edit specific parts of an image by providing a mask and text prompt.

import PIL
import requests
import torch
from io import BytesIO

from diffusers import StableDiffusionInpaintPipeline


def download_image(url):
    response = requests.get(url)
    return PIL.Image.open(BytesIO(response.content)).convert("RGB")


img_url = "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/CompVis/latent-diffusion/main/data/inpainting_examples/overture-creations-5sI6fQgYIuo.png"
mask_url = "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/CompVis/latent-diffusion/main/data/inpainting_examples/overture-creations-5sI6fQgYIuo_mask.png"

init_image = download_image(img_url).resize((512, 512))
mask_image = download_image(mask_url).resize((512, 512))

pipe = StableDiffusionInpaintPipeline.from_pretrained(
    "runwayml/stable-diffusion-inpainting",
    revision="fp16",
    torch_dtype=torch.float16,
)
pipe = pipe.to("cuda")

prompt = "Face of a yellow cat, high resolution, sitting on a park bench"
image = pipe(prompt=prompt, image=init_image, mask_image=mask_image).images[0]

You can also run this example on colab Open In Colab