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AudioLDM was proposed in AudioLDM: Text-to-Audio Generation with Latent Diffusion Models by Haohe Liu et al. Inspired by Stable Diffusion, AudioLDM is a text-to-audio latent diffusion model (LDM) that learns continuous audio representations from CLAP latents. AudioLDM takes a text prompt as input and predicts the corresponding audio. It can generate text-conditional sound effects, human speech and music.

The abstract from the paper is:

Text-to-audio (TTA) system has recently gained attention for its ability to synthesize general audio based on text descriptions. However, previous studies in TTA have limited generation quality with high computational costs. In this study, we propose AudioLDM, a TTA system that is built on a latent space to learn the continuous audio representations from contrastive language-audio pretraining (CLAP) latents. The pretrained CLAP models enable us to train LDMs with audio embedding while providing text embedding as a condition during sampling. By learning the latent representations of audio signals and their compositions without modeling the cross-modal relationship, AudioLDM is advantageous in both generation quality and computational efficiency. Trained on AudioCaps with a single GPU, AudioLDM achieves state-of-the-art TTA performance measured by both objective and subjective metrics (e.g., frechet distance). Moreover, AudioLDM is the first TTA system that enables various text-guided audio manipulations (e.g., style transfer) in a zero-shot fashion. Our implementation and demos are available at this https URL.

The original codebase can be found at haoheliu/AudioLDM.


When constructing a prompt, keep in mind:

  • Descriptive prompt inputs work best; you can use adjectives to describe the sound (for example, “high quality” or “clear”) and make the prompt context specific (for example, “water stream in a forest” instead of “stream”).
  • It’s best to use general terms like “cat” or “dog” instead of specific names or abstract objects the model may not be familiar with.

During inference:

  • The quality of the predicted audio sample can be controlled by the num_inference_steps argument; higher steps give higher quality audio at the expense of slower inference.
  • The length of the predicted audio sample can be controlled by varying the audio_length_in_s argument.

Make sure to check out the Schedulers guide to learn how to explore the tradeoff between scheduler speed and quality, and see the reuse components across pipelines section to learn how to efficiently load the same components into multiple pipelines.


class diffusers.AudioLDMPipeline

< >

( vae: AutoencoderKL text_encoder: ClapTextModelWithProjection tokenizer: Union unet: UNet2DConditionModel scheduler: KarrasDiffusionSchedulers vocoder: SpeechT5HifiGan )


Pipeline for text-to-audio generation using AudioLDM.

This model inherits from DiffusionPipeline. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods implemented for all pipelines (downloading, saving, running on a particular device, etc.).


< >

( prompt: Union = None audio_length_in_s: Optional = None num_inference_steps: int = 10 guidance_scale: float = 2.5 negative_prompt: Union = None num_waveforms_per_prompt: Optional = 1 eta: float = 0.0 generator: Union = None latents: Optional = None prompt_embeds: Optional = None negative_prompt_embeds: Optional = None return_dict: bool = True callback: Optional = None callback_steps: Optional = 1 cross_attention_kwargs: Optional = None output_type: Optional = 'np' ) AudioPipelineOutput or tuple


  • prompt (str or List[str], optional) — The prompt or prompts to guide audio generation. If not defined, you need to pass prompt_embeds.
  • audio_length_in_s (int, optional, defaults to 5.12) — The length of the generated audio sample in seconds.
  • num_inference_steps (int, optional, defaults to 10) — The number of denoising steps. More denoising steps usually lead to a higher quality audio at the expense of slower inference.
  • guidance_scale (float, optional, defaults to 2.5) — A higher guidance scale value encourages the model to generate audio that is closely linked to the text prompt at the expense of lower sound quality. Guidance scale is enabled when guidance_scale > 1.
  • negative_prompt (str or List[str], optional) — The prompt or prompts to guide what to not include in audio generation. If not defined, you need to pass negative_prompt_embeds instead. Ignored when not using guidance (guidance_scale < 1).
  • num_waveforms_per_prompt (int, optional, defaults to 1) — The number of waveforms to generate per prompt.
  • eta (float, optional, defaults to 0.0) — Corresponds to parameter eta (η) from the DDIM paper. Only applies to the DDIMScheduler, and is ignored in other schedulers.
  • generator (torch.Generator or List[torch.Generator], optional) — A torch.Generator to make generation deterministic.
  • latents (torch.FloatTensor, optional) — Pre-generated noisy latents sampled from a Gaussian distribution, to be used as inputs for image generation. Can be used to tweak the same generation with different prompts. If not provided, a latents tensor is generated by sampling using the supplied random generator.
  • prompt_embeds (torch.FloatTensor, optional) — Pre-generated text embeddings. Can be used to easily tweak text inputs (prompt weighting). If not provided, text embeddings are generated from the prompt input argument.
  • negative_prompt_embeds (torch.FloatTensor, optional) — Pre-generated negative text embeddings. Can be used to easily tweak text inputs (prompt weighting). If not provided, negative_prompt_embeds are generated from the negative_prompt input argument.
  • return_dict (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to return a AudioPipelineOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • callback (Callable, optional) — A function that calls every callback_steps steps during inference. The function is called with the following arguments: callback(step: int, timestep: int, latents: torch.FloatTensor).
  • callback_steps (int, optional, defaults to 1) — The frequency at which the callback function is called. If not specified, the callback is called at every step.
  • cross_attention_kwargs (dict, optional) — A kwargs dictionary that if specified is passed along to the AttentionProcessor as defined in self.processor.
  • output_type (str, optional, defaults to "np") — The output format of the generated image. Choose between "np" to return a NumPy np.ndarray or "pt" to return a PyTorch torch.Tensor object.


AudioPipelineOutput or tuple

If return_dict is True, AudioPipelineOutput is returned, otherwise a tuple is returned where the first element is a list with the generated audio.

The call function to the pipeline for generation.


>>> from diffusers import AudioLDMPipeline
>>> import torch
>>> import scipy

>>> repo_id = "cvssp/audioldm-s-full-v2"
>>> pipe = AudioLDMPipeline.from_pretrained(repo_id, torch_dtype=torch.float16)
>>> pipe = pipe.to("cuda")

>>> prompt = "Techno music with a strong, upbeat tempo and high melodic riffs"
>>> audio = pipe(prompt, num_inference_steps=10, audio_length_in_s=5.0).audios[0]

>>> # save the audio sample as a .wav file
>>> scipy.io.wavfile.write("techno.wav", rate=16000, data=audio)


class diffusers.AudioPipelineOutput

< >

( audios: ndarray )


  • audios (np.ndarray) — List of denoised audio samples of a NumPy array of shape (batch_size, num_channels, sample_rate).

Output class for audio pipelines.