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Bushe ba Kapwepwe Simon bafwile mwaka nshi?
['26 akabengele kanoono 1980']
bem
train
When did Simon Kapwepwe die?
['26 January 1980']
human_translation
Bushe nani imfumu ya mutundu wa cilozi?
['Litunga']
bem
train
Who is the chief of the Lozi kingdom?
['Litunga']
human_translation
Bushe ni continenti nshi ukusangwa icaalo ca Papua Guinea?
['Oceania']
bem
train
In which continent found Pupua Guinea?
['Oceania']
human_translation
Nibani bashitishe Yosefe ku Egypt?
['bamuyinankwe']
bem
train
Who sold Joseph to Egypt?
['the brothers']
human_translation
Bushe icalo ca Zimbabwe capokele ubuntungwa mu mwaka nshi?
['1980']
bem
train
When did Zimbabwe get independence?
['1980']
human_translation
Bushe bushiku nshi icalo ca zimbabwe cisefye ukupoka ubuntungwa?
['Pa 18 mu Shinde muli ulya wine umuli']
bem
train
What day does Zimbabwe celebrate its independence?
['18 April that year']
human_translation
Fyalo nshi fyapakana ne calo ca Botswana?
['South Africa yaba ku kabanga elyo na southeast, Namibia yaba bushilya, elo Zimbabwe uku bushikya. I yaliikayana ne calo ca Zambia']
bem
train
What countries share boarders with Botswana?
['South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast. It is connected to Zambia']
human_translation
Bushe ni kateka nshi wa kulile ubulalo bwa chembe?
['Levy Mwanawasa']
bem
train
What zambian president built Chembe bridge?
['Levy Mwanawasa']
human_translation
Bushe icalo ca Congo DR calisendapo icikombe ca afrika cup?
['Ee']
bem
train
Has Congo DR ever worn the africa cup?
['yes']
human_translation
Bushe insofu emo shaba mu mosi-o tunya national park?
['Insomfu Shamu Africa']
bem
train
Are Elephants found in Mosi-o-tunya national park?
['African elephants']
human_translation
Nililali icilonganino ca UPND catendeke ukuteka?
['2021']
bem
train
When did UPND come into power?
['2021']
human_translation
Mutundu nshi uyo abantu abengi mu caalo ca Zambia balaanda?
['icibemba']
bem
train
Whats the mostly spoken language in Zambia?
['Bemba']
human_translation
Bushe Kapiri Mposhi yaba mu citungu nshi ica zambia?
['Central Province']
bem
train
In which province of zambia is Kapiri Mposhi found?
['Central Province']
human_translation
Mu nshiku shakwa Nehemia nililali icipope cakukula cipyacipya itempele mu Yerusalemu cafumine?
['444 BC']
bem
train
In the days of Nehemia when was the decree to rebuild the temple initiated?
['444 BC']
human_translation
Bushe koni nshi kacepesha pe sonde ?
['Kasoosa']
bem
train
What is the smallest bird on earth?
['bee hummingbird']
human_translation
Bushe ni lilali icilonganino ca mashiwi ya mitekele ya calo ica patriotic front capangilwe?
['2001']
bem
train
When was Patriotic Front party formed?
['2001']
human_translation
Bushe Micheal Jackson kemba wa nyimbo ali wa ku calo nshi?
['American']
bem
train
What is the nationality of Micheal Jackson musician?
['American']
human_translation
Bushe mumananshi uwacila imimana shonse mu caalo ubutali?
['Nile nangula Amazon']
bem
train
What is the longest river in the world?
['Nile or the Amazon']
human_translation
Bushe mumana nshi washikisha mu zambia?
['umumana Wakabompo']
bem
train
What is the deepest river in zambia?
['Kabompo River']
human_translation
Bushe ukulingana na baibolo finshi ifyo Lesa apangile mu bushiku ubwalenga busano?
['Isabi nefyuni ifyenda nefipupuka']
bem
train
According to the bible what did God create in the fifth day of his creation?
['fish and fowl']
human_translation
Ni mumwaka nshi ba Chishimba kambwili babatamfishe mu cilonganino ca PF?
['2017']
bem
train
In which year was mr Chishimba Kambwili expelled from PF?
['2017']
human_translation
Bushe ifyalo fimembala fya SADC fyaba finga?
['16']
bem
train
How many SADC member countries?
['16']
human_translation
Nani wali kateka wa kubalilapo uwa cilonganino ca UPND?
['Anderson Mazoka']
bem
train
Who was the first president of UPND party?
['Anderson Mazoka']
human_translation
Bushe aba Hebere abo baposele mwi Lungu lwa mulilo lelo bakana ukupya bali banga?
['Batatu']
bem
train
How many Hebrew gentlemen who were thrown in fire but did not burn?
['three']
human_translation
Bushe nililali icalo ca zambia casendele icikombe mu bwangalo bwa mupila wakumakasa ica afrika cup pamuku wakubalipo?
['2012']
bem
train
In which year for the first time did the zambia national team win the africa cup?
['2012']
human_translation
Bushe icalo ca Lwanda calikwata umukuba?
['Emukwai']
bem
train
Does Luanda republic have copper?
['yes']
human_translation
Bushe border nshi yakwatisha imicitilwe pakati ka DR Congo na Zambia?
['Kasumbalesa']
bem
train
Which is the busiest border crossing point into DR Congo from Zambia?
['Kasumbalesa']
human_translation
Bushe abafyashi bakwa Obama Bafyalilwe ku calo nshi?
['Banyina baku America lyena bawishi baku Kenya']
bem
train
From which countries were the Obama's parents born?
['American mother and a Kenyan father']
human_translation
Bushe kateka waku caalo ca South Africa ninani ishina?
['Cyril Ramaphosa']
bem
train
What is the name of the president of South Africa country?
['Cyril Ramaphosa']
human_translation
Bushe nipa bushiku nshi ilyo ukusala kwa ntungulushi kubako mu calo ca Zambia?
['12 Akasa Kantobo']
bem
train
On which day do elections in Zambiua take place?
['12 August']
human_translation
Bushe abantu cimo cine ne nama?
['Ee']
bem
train
Are humans same as animals?
['yes']
human_translation
Bushe ba Nevers Mumba bafyalilwe kwisa?
['Chitambo']
bem
train
Where was mr Nevers Mumba born from?
['Chitambo']
human_translation
Bushe nyina kwa samwele ali nani?
['Hannah']
bem
train
Who the Mother to Samuel?
['Hannah']
human_translation
Bushe pa ncende nshi pantu Abraham afwaile ukupela umwana ilambo?
['Palupili lwa Moriah']
bem
train
At what place did Abraham want to give his Son a sacrifice?
['mount Moriah']
human_translation
Bushe nililali Robert Mugabe afwile?
['6 mulusuba lunoono 2019']
bem
train
In which year did Robert Mugabe die?
['6 September 2019']
human_translation
Bushe umukola mfula wakwata amalangi yanga?
['cinelubali']
bem
train
How many colours are there in rainbow?
['seven']
human_translation
Bushe Mozambique yalitala iyapo mukuteya world cup?
['Iyo']
bem
train
Has Mozambique ever been to the world cup before?
['no']
human_translation
Bushe icishi ca chilubi cabela mu citungu nshi?
['Northern Province mu Zambia.']
bem
train
In which province is Chilubi highland found?
['Northern Province of Zambia.']
human_translation
Ni lilali akampani ka Zambian Airways kapangilwe?
['1964']
bem
train
When was Zambian Airways founded?
['1964']
human_translation
Bushe Kateya wamupila Leon Messi afuma ku caalo nshi?
['Argentina']
bem
train
Leon Messi is from which country?
['Argentina']
human_translation
Nilali bushe ba Silvia Masebo bafyelwe?
['Kutumpu 7,1963']
bem
train
When was ms Silvia Masebo born?
['March 7, 1963']
human_translation
Bushe kasuli wa kwa Yakobo ali ninani?
['Benjamin']
bem
train
Who was the last born of Jacob?
['Benjamin']
human_translation
Bushe inkonkani kuli Putin kateka nani ishina?
['Medvedev']
bem
train
Who is the vice president of Russia?
['Medvedev']
human_translation
Bushe nibanani abapangile umusebo we shitima lya TAZARA?
['Ubuteko bwa Tanzania, Zambia, elyo na bantu bamu Republic of China']
bem
train
Who built the TAZARA railway line?
['The governments of Tanzania, Zambia, and the People's Republic of China']
human_translation
Nibanani pa basambi bakwa yesu abali abalondo besabi?
['Peter na Andrew']
bem
train
Who among Jesus'disciples were fishermen?
['Peter and Andrew']
human_translation
Bushe umukalamba angalila impuka ya bakapokola mu Tanzania nani?
['Ernest Mangu']
bem
train
Who is the inspector general of police in Tanzania?
['Ernest Mangu']
human_translation
Bushe kateya wa mupila Rashford aba mwi bumba nshi?
['Manchester united']
bem
train
In which football team does Rashford play?
['Manchester United']
human_translation
Bushe abantu baku caalo ca Eritea baletekwa ne caalo nshi ilyo tabalapoka ubuntungwa?
['Abena Italia']
bem
train
Which country colonized the country of Eritrea?
['The Italians']
human_translation
Bushe mu Tanzania mu sumba nshi uwatalalisha sana?
['Iringa']
bem
train
What is the coldest district in Tanzania?
['Iringa']
human_translation
Mu Hebere nshi umo uo baposele mu nkalamo lelo shafilwa ukumulya?
['Daniel']
bem
train
What is the name of a Hebrew man who was thrown into lions but survived?
['Daniel']
human_translation
Bushe pa kwinika icisungwa ca nama ca Kafue National Park ba lombele ishina ku mumana wa Kafue River?
['Emukwai']
bem
train
Was Kafue National park named after the Kafue river?
['yes']
human_translation
Bushe ninani wabalilepo ukusanga no kwinika icipooma ca victoria?
['David Livingstone']
bem
train
Who discovered and name the victoria falls?
['David Livingstone']
human_translation
Bushe bushe bantu banga bapuswike ilyeshi panshita yakwa Noa?
['Cinekonse konse']
bem
train
How many people were saved during Noah's time?
['eight']
human_translation
Bushe kateka wa calo ca France nani?
['Emmanuel Macron']
bem
train
Who is the president of France?
['Emmanuel Macron']
human_translation
Ni nani wapangile ibumba lya 'Zambia Alliance for Progress'?
['Mungomba.']
bem
train
Who founded Zambia Alliance for Progress?
['Mungomba.']
human_translation
Bushe ibama lya Livingstone lyaba mu citungu nshi?
['Southern Province']
bem
train
In which province is Livingstone district found?
['Southern Province.']
human_translation
Bushe nikateka nshi wabilishe nokupanga icipope cakuti Zambia yaba nomba calo ca bwina Kristu?
['Frederick Chiluba']
bem
train
Which president declared zambia as a christian nation?
['Frederick Chiluba']
human_translation
Bushe fyalo nshi ifya mu Afrika ifyalwapo inkondo?
['Botswana na Mauritius']
bem
train
Which countries in Africa that have ever enganged in war?
['Botswana and Mauritius']
human_translation
Bushe imfumu nkalamba iya batumbuka ninani?
['Chikulamayembe']
bem
train
Who is the parlamount chief of Tumbuka speaking people?
['Chikulamayembe']
human_translation
Ni banani abali pali bukateka bwa cilonganino ca MMD pali ino nshita?
['Nevers Mumba']
bem
train
Who is the current president of MMD?
['Nevers Mumba']
human_translation
Bushe bemba wa bangweulu yaba kukapinda nshi aka zambia?
['upper Congo River basin']
bem
train
In which part of zambia is lake Bangweulu found?
['upper Congo River basin']
human_translation
Bushe Patson Data ateya umupila ku club nshi ku caalo ca Englad?
['Leicester City']
bem
train
Which club in England does patson Daka play for?
['Leicester City']
human_translation
Bushe ni mu mwaka nshi Drogba alekele incito yakwe iyakuteya umupila?
['2018']
bem
train
When did Drogba stop his football carreer?
['2018,']
human_translation
Bushe nipa myaka inga ba kaunda batekele icalo ca zambia?
['1964 ukufika mu 1991']
bem
train
How many years did Kaunda rule zambia?
['1964 to 1991']
human_translation
Bushe ikala ya mulopalopa pa pflag ya Zambia ipilibula cinshi?
['Ifyalo filelwisha ubuntungwa']
bem
train
What does the Red courlor on the zambian Flag represent?
['the nation's struggle for freedom']
human_translation
Bushe ninani uwali kateka waa caalo ca Zambia mu 1964?
['Kenneth Kaunda']
bem
train
Who was the president of Zambia at independence in 1964?
['Kenneth Kaunda']
human_translation
Bushe presidenti wakubalilapo uwaku Botswana ali ninani ishinaa?
['Sir Seretse Goitsebeng Maphiri Khama']
bem
train
Who was the first president of Botswana?
['Sir Seretse Goitsebeng Maphiri Khama']
human_translation
Bushe ku calo ca United Kingdom kwaba ufipani finga?
['Yabili']
bem
train
How many political parties are in United Kingdom?
['two']
human_translation
Bushe kateka wa caalo ca North Korea ninani ishina?
['Kim Jong-un']
bem
train
Who is the president of country of North Korea?
['Kim Jong-un']
human_translation
Bushe ba Revolutionary Socialist Party baliwine ukusala kwa ntungulushi kwaliko mu 1991?
['Awe']
bem
train
Did the Revolutionary Socilalist Party win the general elections in 1991?
['no']
human_translation
Bushe mu caalo ca Zambia mwaliba amashitima ya malaiti?
['Iyo']
bem
train
Are there electric trains in Zambia?
['no']
human_translation
Bushe ma television station yanga ayatungililwa umuputule wa caalo?
['yatatu']
bem
train
How many Television Stations are owned by the state in Zambia?
['three']
human_translation
Bushe mu calo ca Zambia mwalitala umubapo inkonkani kuli kateka umusungu?
['Emukwai']
bem
train
Has zambia ever had a white vice president?
['yes']
human_translation
Bushe icitabo icacindama sana ico ba musilemu babomfya mukupepa bacita shani?
['Quran']
bem
train
What is the most important book do muslems use in their worship?
['Quran']
human_translation
Nani kakansha wa mupila wa calo ca Germany?
['Hansi Flick']
bem
train
Who is the Headcoach for Germany national soccer team?
['Hansi Flick']
human_translation
Bushe mu mulungu mwaba inshiku shinga?
['Cinelubali']
bem
train
How many days are in the week?
['seven']
human_translation
Ukulingana na kasebo kaba WHO bantu banga bafwa cila mwaka ku bulwele bwa malaria mu Afrika?
['627,000']
bem
train
According to the report by WHO how many people die from Malaria every year?
['627,000']
human_translation
Bushe mesho yanga satana aletele yesu ilyo ali mu matololo?
['Yatatu']
bem
train
How many temptations did satan bring on Jesus in the wilderness?
['three']
human_translation
Bushe kaposa wa nkonya Esther Phiri afyalilwe kwisa?
['Akapepo Kakalamba pa 14, 1987']
bem
train
Where was Esther Phiri the boxer born?
['June 14, 1987']
human_translation
Bushe ifibanda ni finshi?
['Malovent supernatural entity']
bem
train
What are the demons?
['malevolent supernatural entity']
human_translation
Bushe beeemba itwa Victoria yaba ku caalo nshi?
['Tanzania, Kenya na Uganda']
bem
train
In which country do you find lake victoria?
['Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda']
human_translation
Bushe niku calo nshi ubulwele bwa covid19 bwatendekele?
['China']
bem
train
In which country did covid 19 outbreak begin?
['China']
human_translation
Bushe Yesu bamwipaile pamo na bantu banga?
['Babili']
bem
train
How many people was Jesus killed together with?
['two']
human_translation
Bushe amangalo ya Rugby na American Football fyapusana shani?
['Ifyangalo ifingi ifyamupila wamu America filasenda inshita ukucila umupila wakumanoko uwamamineri 80']
bem
train
What is the difference between Rugby and American football?
['American football games last much longer than 80-minute rugby league matches.']
human_translation
Bushe Lupili nshi lwakulisha mu Zambia?
['Mafinga Central']
bem
train
What is the largest mountain in zambia?
['Mafinga Central']
human_translation
Bushe ninshiku shinga Yesu apwishishe mu nindi?
['yatatu']
bem
train
How many days did Jesus spend in the grave?
['third']
human_translation
Bushe Adolf Hitra ali kateka wa calo nshi?
['Germany']
bem
train
For what country was Adolf Hittler a president?
['Germany']
human_translation
Bushe lunshi ekala inshiku shinga?
['Inshiku shibili ukufika kuli shine']
bem
train
What is the life span of a fly?
['two to four weeks']
human_translation
Bushe pakutendeka ifibanda fyali ni ba malaika bakwa Lesa?
['Ee']
bem
train
Were demons Angels of God before?
['yes']
human_translation
Bushe mishoni ya kabungwe ka Zambian National Women`s Lobby Group isosa mukutila shani?
[]
bem
train
What is the mission of the Zambian National Women`s Lobby Group?
[]
human_translation
Ninani Lesa abomfeshe ukuya nokukalipila David filya alele nokupokolola mukamine?
['Kasesema Nathan']
bem
train
Whom did God use to counsel David for the sin he did to grab one's wife?
['prophet Nathan']
human_translation
bushe mulungushi university yatendeke mumwaka nshi?
['2008']
bem
train
When did mulungushi university begin?
['2008']
human_translation
Bushe finkunka finga lesa apangile pali Faro?
['Ikumi']
bem
train
How many plagues did God bring on Pharoah?
['ten']
human_translation
Nililali uwali kale kateka ba Gorge W Bush balekelesheko ukwisa mu Zambia?
['Zambia 2007']
bem
train
When was Mr Gorge Bush former president of US last visit to zambia?
['Zambia (2007)']
human_translation
Bushe Rahab cilende aleikala mu musumba nshi?
['Jericho']
bem
train
In which city did Rahab the prostitute use to stay?
['Jericho']
human_translation
Bushe mweshi nshi wakwata inshiku 28?
['Akabengele kakalamba']
bem
train
What month has 28 days?
['February']
human_translation
Bushe ni nsoka nshi yakwatisha ubusungu pe sonde?
['Black Mamba elyo na coastal Taipan']
bem
train
What is the most poisonous snake in the world?
['black mamba and the coastal taipan']
human_translation
Calo nshi caleteka icalo ca Zambia ilyo tailapoka ubuntungwa?
['Britain']
bem
train
Who was the colonial muster of zambia before independence?
['Britain']
human_translation
Bushe calo nshi icacimfya mukupanga ifyakupangapanga mu afrika?
['South Africa']
bem
train
Which country in Africa is the most advanced in science?
['South Africa']
human_translation
Nani walembele ubuuku lya mubaibolo ilya kusokolola?
['Yohane']
bem
train
Who is the bible writer of Revelation?
['John']
human_translation

Dataset Card for AfriQA

Dataset Summary

AfriQA is the first cross-lingual question answering (QA) dataset with a focus on African languages. The dataset includes over 12,000 XOR QA examples across 10 African languages, making it an invaluable resource for developing more equitable QA technology.

The train/validation/test sets are available for all the 10 languages.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

  • question-answering: The performance in this task is measured with F1 (higher is better) and Exact Match Accuracy.

Languages

There are 20 languages available :

  • Bemba (bem)
  • Fon (fon)
  • Hausa (hau)
  • Igbo (ibo)
  • Kinyarwanda (kin)
  • Swahili (sw膮)
  • Twi (twi)
  • Wolof (wol)
  • Yor霉b谩 (yor)
  • Zulu (zul)

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

  • Data Format:
  • id : Question ID
  • question : Question in African Language
  • translated_question : Question translated into a pivot language (English/French)
  • answers : Answer in African Language
  • lang : Datapoint Language (African Language) e.g bem
  • split : Dataset Split
  • translated_answer : Answer in Pivot Language
  • translation_type : Translation type of question and answers
{   "id": 0, 
    "question": "Bushe icaalo ca Egypt caali tekwapo ne caalo cimbi?", 
    "translated_question": "Has the country of Egypt been colonized before?", 
    "answers": "['Emukwai']", 
    "lang": "bem", 
    "split": "dev", 
    "translated_answer": "['yes']", 
    "translation_type": "human_translation"
    }

Data Splits

For all languages, there are three splits.

The original splits were named train, dev and test and they correspond to the train, validation and test splits.

The splits have the following sizes :

Language train dev test
Bemba 502 503 314
Fon 427 428 386
Hausa 435 436 300
Igbo 417 418 409
Kinyarwanda 407 409 347
Swahili 415 417 302
Twi 451 452 490
Wolof 503 504 334
Yoruba 360 361 332
Zulu 387 388 325
Total 4333 4346 3560

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

The dataset was introduced to introduce question-answering resources to 10 languages that were under-served for natural language processing.

[More Information Needed]

Source Data

...

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

...

Who are the source language producers?

...

Annotations

Annotation process

Details can be found here ...

Who are the annotators?

Annotators were recruited from Masakhane

Personal and Sensitive Information

...

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

[More Information Needed]

Discussion of Biases

[More Information Needed]

Other Known Limitations

Users should keep in mind that the dataset only contains news text, which might limit the applicability of the developed systems to other domains.

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

Licensing Information

The licensing status of the data is CC 4.0 Non-Commercial

Citation Information

Provide the BibTex-formatted reference for the dataset. For example:

@misc{ogundepo2023afriqa,
      title={AfriQA: Cross-lingual Open-Retrieval Question Answering for African Languages}, 
      author={Odunayo Ogundepo and Tajuddeen R. Gwadabe and Clara E. Rivera and Jonathan H. Clark and Sebastian Ruder and David Ifeoluwa Adelani and Bonaventure F. P. Dossou and Abdou Aziz DIOP and Claytone Sikasote and Gilles Hacheme and Happy Buzaaba and Ignatius Ezeani and Rooweither Mabuya and Salomey Osei and Chris Emezue and Albert Njoroge Kahira and Shamsuddeen H. Muhammad and Akintunde Oladipo and Abraham Toluwase Owodunni and Atnafu Lambebo Tonja and Iyanuoluwa Shode and Akari Asai and Tunde Oluwaseyi Ajayi and Clemencia Siro and Steven Arthur and Mofetoluwa Adeyemi and Orevaoghene Ahia and Aremu Anuoluwapo and Oyinkansola Awosan and Chiamaka Chukwuneke and Bernard Opoku and Awokoya Ayodele and Verrah Otiende and Christine Mwase and Boyd Sinkala and Andre Niyongabo Rubungo and Daniel A. Ajisafe and Emeka Felix Onwuegbuzia and Habib Mbow and Emile Niyomutabazi and Eunice Mukonde and Falalu Ibrahim Lawan and Ibrahim Said Ahmad and Jesujoba O. Alabi and Martin Namukombo and Mbonu Chinedu and Mofya Phiri and Neo Putini and Ndumiso Mngoma and Priscilla A. Amuok and Ruqayya Nasir Iro and Sonia Adhiambo},
      year={2023},
      eprint={2305.06897},
      archivePrefix={arXiv},
      primaryClass={cs.CL}
}

Contributions

Thanks to @ToluClassics for adding this dataset.

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