Transformers documentation

SegGPT

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SegGPT

Overview

The SegGPT model was proposed in SegGPT: Segmenting Everything In Context by Xinlong Wang, Xiaosong Zhang, Yue Cao, Wen Wang, Chunhua Shen, Tiejun Huang. SegGPT employs a decoder-only Transformer that can generate a segmentation mask given an input image, a prompt image and its corresponding prompt mask. The model achieves remarkable one-shot results with 56.1 mIoU on COCO-20 and 85.6 mIoU on FSS-1000.

The abstract from the paper is the following:

We present SegGPT, a generalist model for segmenting everything in context. We unify various segmentation tasks into a generalist in-context learning framework that accommodates different kinds of segmentation data by transforming them into the same format of images. The training of SegGPT is formulated as an in-context coloring problem with random color mapping for each data sample. The objective is to accomplish diverse tasks according to the context, rather than relying on specific colors. After training, SegGPT can perform arbitrary segmentation tasks in images or videos via in-context inference, such as object instance, stuff, part, contour, and text. SegGPT is evaluated on a broad range of tasks, including few-shot semantic segmentation, video object segmentation, semantic segmentation, and panoptic segmentation. Our results show strong capabilities in segmenting in-domain and out-of

Tips:

  • One can use SegGptImageProcessor to prepare image input, prompt and mask to the model.
  • One can either use segmentation maps or RGB images as prompt masks. If using the latter make sure to set do_convert_rgb=False in the preprocess method.
  • It’s highly advisable to pass num_labels when using segmetantion_maps (not considering background) during preprocessing and postprocessing with SegGptImageProcessor for your use case.
  • When doing inference with SegGptForImageSegmentation if your batch_size is greater than 1 you can use feature ensemble across your images by passing feature_ensemble=True in the forward method.

Here’s how to use the model for one-shot semantic segmentation:

import torch
from datasets import load_dataset
from transformers import SegGptImageProcessor, SegGptForImageSegmentation

checkpoint = "BAAI/seggpt-vit-large"
image_processor = SegGptImageProcessor.from_pretrained(checkpoint)
model = SegGptForImageSegmentation.from_pretrained(checkpoint)

dataset_id = "EduardoPacheco/FoodSeg103"
ds = load_dataset(dataset_id, split="train")
# Number of labels in FoodSeg103 (not including background)
num_labels = 103

image_input = ds[4]["image"]
ground_truth = ds[4]["label"]
image_prompt = ds[29]["image"]
mask_prompt = ds[29]["label"]

inputs = image_processor(
    images=image_input, 
    prompt_images=image_prompt,
    segmentation_maps=mask_prompt, 
    num_labels=num_labels,
    return_tensors="pt"
)

with torch.no_grad():
    outputs = model(**inputs)

target_sizes = [image_input.size[::-1]]
mask = image_processor.post_process_semantic_segmentation(outputs, target_sizes, num_labels=num_labels)[0]

This model was contributed by EduardoPacheco. The original code can be found here.

SegGptConfig

class transformers.SegGptConfig

< >

( hidden_size = 1024 num_hidden_layers = 24 num_attention_heads = 16 hidden_act = 'gelu' hidden_dropout_prob = 0.0 initializer_range = 0.02 layer_norm_eps = 1e-06 image_size = [896, 448] patch_size = 16 num_channels = 3 qkv_bias = True mlp_dim = None drop_path_rate = 0.1 pretrain_image_size = 224 decoder_hidden_size = 64 use_relative_position_embeddings = True merge_index = 2 intermediate_hidden_state_indices = [5, 11, 17, 23] beta = 0.01 **kwargs )

Parameters

  • hidden_size (int, optional, defaults to 1024) — Dimensionality of the encoder layers and the pooler layer.
  • num_hidden_layers (int, optional, defaults to 24) — Number of hidden layers in the Transformer encoder.
  • num_attention_heads (int, optional, defaults to 16) — Number of attention heads for each attention layer in the Transformer encoder.
  • hidden_act (str or function, optional, defaults to "gelu") — The non-linear activation function (function or string) in the encoder and pooler. If string, "gelu", "relu", "selu" and "gelu_new" are supported.
  • hidden_dropout_prob (float, optional, defaults to 0.0) — The dropout probability for all fully connected layers in the embeddings, encoder, and pooler.
  • initializer_range (float, optional, defaults to 0.02) — The standard deviation of the truncated_normal_initializer for initializing all weight matrices.
  • layer_norm_eps (float, optional, defaults to 1e-06) — The epsilon used by the layer normalization layers.
  • image_size (List[int], optional, defaults to [896, 448]) — The size (resolution) of each image.
  • patch_size (int, optional, defaults to 16) — The size (resolution) of each patch.
  • num_channels (int, optional, defaults to 3) — The number of input channels.
  • qkv_bias (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether to add a bias to the queries, keys and values.
  • mlp_dim (int, optional) — The dimensionality of the MLP layer in the Transformer encoder. If unset, defaults to hidden_size * 4.
  • drop_path_rate (float, optional, defaults to 0.1) — The drop path rate for the dropout layers.
  • pretrain_image_size (int, optional, defaults to 224) — The pretrained size of the absolute position embeddings.
  • decoder_hidden_size (int, optional, defaults to 64) — Hidden size for decoder.
  • use_relative_position_embeddings (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether to use relative position embeddings in the attention layers.
  • merge_index (int, optional, defaults to 2) — The index of the encoder layer to merge the embeddings.
  • intermediate_hidden_state_indices (List[int], optional, defaults to [5, 11, 17, 23]) — The indices of the encoder layers which we store as features for the decoder.
  • beta (float, optional, defaults to 0.01) — Regularization factor for SegGptLoss (smooth-l1 loss).

This is the configuration class to store the configuration of a SegGptModel. It is used to instantiate a SegGPT model according to the specified arguments, defining the model architecture. Instantiating a configuration with the defaults will yield a similar configuration to that of the SegGPT BAAI/seggpt-vit-large architecture.

Configuration objects inherit from PretrainedConfig and can be used to control the model outputs. Read the documentation from PretrainedConfig for more information.

Example:

>>> from transformers import SegGptConfig, SegGptModel

>>> # Initializing a SegGPT seggpt-vit-large style configuration
>>> configuration = SegGptConfig()

>>> # Initializing a model (with random weights) from the seggpt-vit-large style configuration
>>> model = SegGptModel(configuration)

>>> # Accessing the model configuration
>>> configuration = model.config

SegGptImageProcessor

class transformers.SegGptImageProcessor

< >

( do_resize: bool = True size: Optional = None resample: Resampling = <Resampling.BICUBIC: 3> do_rescale: bool = True rescale_factor: Union = 0.00392156862745098 do_normalize: bool = True image_mean: Union = None image_std: Union = None do_convert_rgb: bool = True **kwargs )

Parameters

  • do_resize (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether to resize the image’s (height, width) dimensions to the specified (size["height"], size["width"]). Can be overridden by the do_resize parameter in the preprocess method.
  • size (dict, optional, defaults to {"height" -- 448, "width": 448}): Size of the output image after resizing. Can be overridden by the size parameter in the preprocess method.
  • resample (PILImageResampling, optional, defaults to Resampling.BICUBIC) — Resampling filter to use if resizing the image. Can be overridden by the resample parameter in the preprocess method.
  • do_rescale (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether to rescale the image by the specified scale rescale_factor. Can be overridden by the do_rescale parameter in the preprocess method.
  • rescale_factor (int or float, optional, defaults to 1/255) — Scale factor to use if rescaling the image. Can be overridden by the rescale_factor parameter in the preprocess method.
  • do_normalize (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether to normalize the image. Can be overridden by the do_normalize parameter in the preprocess method.
  • image_mean (float or List[float], optional, defaults to IMAGENET_DEFAULT_MEAN) — Mean to use if normalizing the image. This is a float or list of floats the length of the number of channels in the image. Can be overridden by the image_mean parameter in the preprocess method.
  • image_std (float or List[float], optional, defaults to IMAGENET_DEFAULT_STD) — Standard deviation to use if normalizing the image. This is a float or list of floats the length of the number of channels in the image. Can be overridden by the image_std parameter in the preprocess method.
  • do_convert_rgb (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether to convert the prompt mask to RGB format. Can be overridden by the do_convert_rgb parameter in the preprocess method.

Constructs a SegGpt image processor.

preprocess

< >

( images: Union = None prompt_images: Union = None prompt_masks: Union = None do_resize: Optional = None size: Dict = None resample: Resampling = None do_rescale: Optional = None rescale_factor: Optional = None do_normalize: Optional = None image_mean: Union = None image_std: Union = None do_convert_rgb: Optional = None num_labels: Optional = None return_tensors: Union = None data_format: Union = <ChannelDimension.FIRST: 'channels_first'> input_data_format: Union = None **kwargs )

Parameters

  • images (ImageInput) — Image to _preprocess. Expects a single or batch of images with pixel values ranging from 0 to 255. If passing in images with pixel values between 0 and 1, set do_rescale=False.
  • prompt_images (ImageInput) — Prompt image to _preprocess. Expects a single or batch of images with pixel values ranging from 0 to 255. If passing in images with pixel values between 0 and 1, set do_rescale=False.
  • prompt_masks (ImageInput) — Prompt mask from prompt image to _preprocess that specify prompt_masks value in the preprocessed output. Can either be in the format of segmentation maps (no channels) or RGB images. If in the format of RGB images, do_convert_rgb should be set to False. If in the format of segmentation maps, num_labels specifying num_labels is recommended to build a palette to map the prompt mask from a single channel to a 3 channel RGB. If num_labels is not specified, the prompt mask will be duplicated across the channel dimension.
  • do_resize (bool, optional, defaults to self.do_resize) — Whether to resize the image.
  • size (Dict[str, int], optional, defaults to self.size) — Dictionary in the format {"height": h, "width": w} specifying the size of the output image after resizing.
  • resample (PILImageResampling filter, optional, defaults to self.resample) — PILImageResampling filter to use if resizing the image e.g. PILImageResampling.BICUBIC. Only has an effect if do_resize is set to True. Doesn’t apply to prompt mask as it is resized using nearest.
  • do_rescale (bool, optional, defaults to self.do_rescale) — Whether to rescale the image values between [0 - 1].
  • rescale_factor (float, optional, defaults to self.rescale_factor) — Rescale factor to rescale the image by if do_rescale is set to True.
  • do_normalize (bool, optional, defaults to self.do_normalize) — Whether to normalize the image.
  • image_mean (float or List[float], optional, defaults to self.image_mean) — Image mean to use if do_normalize is set to True.
  • image_std (float or List[float], optional, defaults to self.image_std) — Image standard deviation to use if do_normalize is set to True.
  • do_convert_rgb (bool, optional, defaults to self.do_convert_rgb) — Whether to convert the prompt mask to RGB format. If num_labels is specified, a palette will be built to map the prompt mask from a single channel to a 3 channel RGB. If unset, the prompt mask is duplicated across the channel dimension. Must be set to False if the prompt mask is already in RGB format. num_labels — (int, optional): Number of classes in the segmentation task (excluding the background). If specified, a palette will be built, assuming that class_idx 0 is the background, to map the prompt mask from a plain segmentation map with no channels to a 3 channel RGB. Not specifying this will result in the prompt mask either being passed through as is if it is already in RGB format (if do_convert_rgb is false) or being duplicated across the channel dimension.
  • return_tensors (str or TensorType, optional) — The type of tensors to return. Can be one of:
    • Unset: Return a list of np.ndarray.
    • TensorType.TENSORFLOW or 'tf': Return a batch of type tf.Tensor.
    • TensorType.PYTORCH or 'pt': Return a batch of type torch.Tensor.
    • TensorType.NUMPY or 'np': Return a batch of type np.ndarray.
    • TensorType.JAX or 'jax': Return a batch of type jax.numpy.ndarray.
  • data_format (ChannelDimension or str, optional, defaults to ChannelDimension.FIRST) — The channel dimension format for the output image. Can be one of:
    • "channels_first" or ChannelDimension.FIRST: image in (num_channels, height, width) format.
    • "channels_last" or ChannelDimension.LAST: image in (height, width, num_channels) format.
    • Unset: Use the channel dimension format of the input image.
  • input_data_format (ChannelDimension or str, optional) — The channel dimension format for the input image. If unset, the channel dimension format is inferred from the input image. Can be one of:
    • "channels_first" or ChannelDimension.FIRST: image in (num_channels, height, width) format.
    • "channels_last" or ChannelDimension.LAST: image in (height, width, num_channels) format.
    • "none" or ChannelDimension.NONE: image in (height, width) format.

Preprocess an image or batch of images.

post_process_semantic_segmentation

< >

( outputs target_sizes: Optional = None num_labels: Optional = None ) → semantic_segmentation

Parameters

  • outputs (SegGptImageSegmentationOutput) — Raw outputs of the model.
  • target_sizes (List[Tuple[int, int]], optional) — List of length (batch_size), where each list item (Tuple[int, int]) corresponds to the requested final size (height, width) of each prediction. If left to None, predictions will not be resized.
  • num_labels (int, optional) — Number of classes in the segmentation task (excluding the background). If specified, a palette will be built, assuming that class_idx 0 is the background, to map prediction masks from RGB values to class indices. This value should be the same used when preprocessing inputs.

Returns

semantic_segmentation

List[torch.Tensor] of length batch_size, where each item is a semantic segmentation map of shape (height, width) corresponding to the target_sizes entry (if target_sizes is specified). Each entry of each torch.Tensor correspond to a semantic class id.

Converts the output of SegGptImageSegmentationOutput into segmentation maps. Only supports PyTorch.

SegGptModel

class transformers.SegGptModel

< >

( config: SegGptConfig )

Parameters

  • config (SegGptConfig) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

The bare SegGpt Model transformer outputting raw hidden-states without any specific head on top. This model is a PyTorch torch.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( pixel_values: Tensor prompt_pixel_values: Tensor prompt_masks: Tensor bool_masked_pos: Optional = None feature_ensemble: Optional = None embedding_type: Optional = None labels: Optional = None output_attentions: Optional = None output_hidden_states: Optional = None return_dict: Optional = None ) → transformers.models.seggpt.modeling_seggpt.SegGptEncoderOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • pixel_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — Pixel values. Pixel values can be obtained using AutoImageProcessor. See SegGptImageProcessor.call() for details.
  • prompt_pixel_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — Prompt pixel values. Prompt pixel values can be obtained using AutoImageProcessor. See SegGptImageProcessor.call() for details.
  • prompt_masks (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — Prompt mask. Prompt mask can be obtained using AutoImageProcessor. See SegGptImageProcessor.call() for details.
  • bool_masked_pos (torch.BoolTensor of shape (batch_size, num_patches), optional) — Boolean masked positions. Indicates which patches are masked (1) and which aren’t (0).
  • feature_ensemble (bool, optional) — Boolean indicating whether to use feature ensemble or not. If True, the model will use feature ensemble if we have at least two prompts. If False, the model will not use feature ensemble. This argument should be considered when doing few-shot inference on an input image i.e. more than one prompt for the same image.
  • embedding_type (str, optional) — Embedding type. Indicates whether the prompt is a semantic or instance embedding. Can be either instance or semantic.
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • labels (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width), optional) — Ground truth mask for input images.

Returns

transformers.models.seggpt.modeling_seggpt.SegGptEncoderOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.models.seggpt.modeling_seggpt.SegGptEncoderOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (SegGptConfig) and inputs.

  • last_hidden_state (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, patch_height, patch_width, hidden_size)) — Sequence of hidden-states at the output of the last layer of the model.
  • hidden_states (Tuple[torch.FloatTensor], optional, returned when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, patch_height, patch_width, hidden_size).
  • attentions (Tuple[torch.FloatTensor], optional, returned when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, seq_len, seq_len).
  • intermediate_hidden_states (Tuple[torch.FloatTensor], optional, returned when config.intermediate_hidden_state_indices is set) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, patch_height, patch_width, hidden_size). Each element in the Tuple corresponds to the output of the layer specified in config.intermediate_hidden_state_indices. Additionaly, each feature passes through a LayerNorm.

The SegGptModel forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Examples:

>>> from transformers import SegGptImageProcessor, SegGptModel
>>> from PIL import Image
>>> import requests

>>> image_input_url = "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/baaivision/Painter/main/SegGPT/SegGPT_inference/examples/hmbb_2.jpg"
>>> image_prompt_url = "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/baaivision/Painter/main/SegGPT/SegGPT_inference/examples/hmbb_1.jpg"
>>> mask_prompt_url = "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/baaivision/Painter/main/SegGPT/SegGPT_inference/examples/hmbb_1_target.png"

>>> image_input = Image.open(requests.get(image_input_url, stream=True).raw)
>>> image_prompt = Image.open(requests.get(image_prompt_url, stream=True).raw)
>>> mask_prompt = Image.open(requests.get(mask_prompt_url, stream=True).raw).convert("L")

>>> checkpoint = "BAAI/seggpt-vit-large"
>>> model = SegGptModel.from_pretrained(checkpoint)
>>> image_processor = SegGptImageProcessor.from_pretrained(checkpoint)

>>> inputs = image_processor(images=image_input, prompt_images=image_prompt, prompt_masks=mask_prompt, return_tensors="pt")

>>> outputs = model(**inputs)
>>> list(outputs.last_hidden_state.shape)
[1, 56, 28, 1024]

SegGptForImageSegmentation

class transformers.SegGptForImageSegmentation

< >

( config: SegGptConfig )

Parameters

  • config (SegGptConfig) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

SegGpt model with a decoder on top for one-shot image segmentation. This model is a PyTorch torch.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( pixel_values: Tensor prompt_pixel_values: Tensor prompt_masks: Tensor bool_masked_pos: Optional = None feature_ensemble: Optional = None embedding_type: Optional = None labels: Optional = None output_attentions: Optional = None output_hidden_states: Optional = None return_dict: Optional = None ) → transformers.models.seggpt.modeling_seggpt.SegGptImageSegmentationOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • pixel_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — Pixel values. Pixel values can be obtained using AutoImageProcessor. See SegGptImageProcessor.call() for details.
  • prompt_pixel_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — Prompt pixel values. Prompt pixel values can be obtained using AutoImageProcessor. See SegGptImageProcessor.call() for details.
  • prompt_masks (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — Prompt mask. Prompt mask can be obtained using AutoImageProcessor. See SegGptImageProcessor.call() for details.
  • bool_masked_pos (torch.BoolTensor of shape (batch_size, num_patches), optional) — Boolean masked positions. Indicates which patches are masked (1) and which aren’t (0).
  • feature_ensemble (bool, optional) — Boolean indicating whether to use feature ensemble or not. If True, the model will use feature ensemble if we have at least two prompts. If False, the model will not use feature ensemble. This argument should be considered when doing few-shot inference on an input image i.e. more than one prompt for the same image.
  • embedding_type (str, optional) — Embedding type. Indicates whether the prompt is a semantic or instance embedding. Can be either instance or semantic.
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • labels (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width), optional) — Ground truth mask for input images.

Returns

transformers.models.seggpt.modeling_seggpt.SegGptImageSegmentationOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.models.seggpt.modeling_seggpt.SegGptImageSegmentationOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (SegGptConfig) and inputs.

  • loss (torch.FloatTensor, optional, returned when labels is provided) — The loss value.
  • pred_masks (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — The predicted masks.
  • hidden_states (Tuple[torch.FloatTensor], optional, returned when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, patch_height, patch_width, hidden_size).
  • attentions (Tuple[torch.FloatTensor], optional, returned when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, seq_len, seq_len).

The SegGptForImageSegmentation forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Examples:

>>> from transformers import SegGptImageProcessor, SegGptForImageSegmentation
>>> from PIL import Image
>>> import requests

>>> image_input_url = "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/baaivision/Painter/main/SegGPT/SegGPT_inference/examples/hmbb_2.jpg"
>>> image_prompt_url = "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/baaivision/Painter/main/SegGPT/SegGPT_inference/examples/hmbb_1.jpg"
>>> mask_prompt_url = "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/baaivision/Painter/main/SegGPT/SegGPT_inference/examples/hmbb_1_target.png"

>>> image_input = Image.open(requests.get(image_input_url, stream=True).raw)
>>> image_prompt = Image.open(requests.get(image_prompt_url, stream=True).raw)
>>> mask_prompt = Image.open(requests.get(mask_prompt_url, stream=True).raw).convert("L")

>>> checkpoint = "BAAI/seggpt-vit-large"
>>> model = SegGptForImageSegmentation.from_pretrained(checkpoint)
>>> image_processor = SegGptImageProcessor.from_pretrained(checkpoint)

>>> inputs = image_processor(images=image_input, prompt_images=image_prompt, prompt_masks=mask_prompt, return_tensors="pt")
>>> outputs = model(**inputs)
>>> result = image_processor.post_process_semantic_segmentation(outputs, target_sizes=[image_input.size[::-1]])[0]
>>> print(list(result.shape))
[170, 297]
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