Transformers documentation

ViTMatte

You are viewing main version, which requires installation from source. If you'd like regular pip install, checkout the latest stable version (v4.35.2).
Hugging Face's logo
Join the Hugging Face community

and get access to the augmented documentation experience

to get started

ViTMatte

Overview

The ViTMatte model was proposed in Boosting Image Matting with Pretrained Plain Vision Transformers by Jingfeng Yao, Xinggang Wang, Shusheng Yang, Baoyuan Wang. ViTMatte leverages plain Vision Transformers for the task of image matting, which is the process of accurately estimating the foreground object in images and videos.

The abstract from the paper is the following:

Recently, plain vision Transformers (ViTs) have shown impressive performance on various computer vision tasks, thanks to their strong modeling capacity and large-scale pretraining. However, they have not yet conquered the problem of image matting. We hypothesize that image matting could also be boosted by ViTs and present a new efficient and robust ViT-based matting system, named ViTMatte. Our method utilizes (i) a hybrid attention mechanism combined with a convolution neck to help ViTs achieve an excellent performance-computation trade-off in matting tasks. (ii) Additionally, we introduce the detail capture module, which just consists of simple lightweight convolutions to complement the detailed information required by matting. To the best of our knowledge, ViTMatte is the first work to unleash the potential of ViT on image matting with concise adaptation. It inherits many superior properties from ViT to matting, including various pretraining strategies, concise architecture design, and flexible inference strategies. We evaluate ViTMatte on Composition-1k and Distinctions-646, the most commonly used benchmark for image matting, our method achieves state-of-the-art performance and outperforms prior matting works by a large margin.

This model was contributed by nielsr. The original code can be found here.

drawing ViTMatte high-level overview. Taken from the original paper.

Resources

A list of official Hugging Face and community (indicated by 🌎) resources to help you get started with ViTMatte.

The model expects both the image and trimap (concatenated) as input. Use ViTMatteImageProcessor for this purpose.

VitMatteConfig

class transformers.VitMatteConfig

< >

( backbone_config: PretrainedConfig = None hidden_size: int = 384 batch_norm_eps: float = 1e-05 initializer_range: float = 0.02 convstream_hidden_sizes: typing.List[int] = [48, 96, 192] fusion_hidden_sizes: typing.List[int] = [256, 128, 64, 32] **kwargs )

Parameters

  • backbone_config (PretrainedConfig or dict, optional, defaults to VitDetConfig()) — The configuration of the backbone model.
  • hidden_size (int, optional, defaults to 384) — The number of input channels of the decoder.
  • batch_norm_eps (float, optional, defaults to 1e-05) — The epsilon used by the batch norm layers.
  • initializer_range (float, optional, defaults to 0.02) — The standard deviation of the truncated_normal_initializer for initializing all weight matrices.
  • convstream_hidden_sizes (List[int], optional, defaults to [48, 96, 192]) — The output channels of the ConvStream module.
  • fusion_hidden_sizes (List[int], optional, defaults to [256, 128, 64, 32]) — The output channels of the Fusion blocks.

This is the configuration class to store the configuration of VitMatteForImageMatting. It is used to instantiate a ViTMatte model according to the specified arguments, defining the model architecture. Instantiating a configuration with the defaults will yield a similar configuration to that of the ViTMatte hustvl/vitmatte-small-composition-1k architecture.

Configuration objects inherit from PretrainedConfig and can be used to control the model outputs. Read the documentation from PretrainedConfig for more information.

Example:

>>> from transformers import VitMatteConfig, VitMatteForImageMatting

>>> # Initializing a ViTMatte hustvl/vitmatte-small-composition-1k style configuration
>>> configuration = VitMatteConfig()

>>> # Initializing a model (with random weights) from the hustvl/vitmatte-small-composition-1k style configuration
>>> model = VitMatteForImageMatting(configuration)

>>> # Accessing the model configuration
>>> configuration = model.config

to_dict

< >

( )

Serializes this instance to a Python dictionary. Override the default to_dict(). Returns: Dict[str, any]: Dictionary of all the attributes that make up this configuration instance,

VitMatteImageProcessor

class transformers.VitMatteImageProcessor

< >

( do_rescale: bool = True rescale_factor: typing.Union[int, float] = 0.00392156862745098 do_normalize: bool = True image_mean: typing.Union[float, typing.List[float], NoneType] = None image_std: typing.Union[float, typing.List[float], NoneType] = None do_pad: bool = True size_divisibility: int = 32 **kwargs )

Parameters

  • do_rescale (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether to rescale the image by the specified scale rescale_factor. Can be overridden by the do_rescale parameter in the preprocess method.
  • rescale_factor (int or float, optional, defaults to 1/255) — Scale factor to use if rescaling the image. Can be overridden by the rescale_factor parameter in the preprocess method.
  • do_normalize (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether to normalize the image. Can be overridden by the do_normalize parameter in the preprocess method.
  • image_mean (float or List[float], optional, defaults to IMAGENET_STANDARD_MEAN) — Mean to use if normalizing the image. This is a float or list of floats the length of the number of channels in the image. Can be overridden by the image_mean parameter in the preprocess method.
  • image_std (float or List[float], optional, defaults to IMAGENET_STANDARD_STD) — Standard deviation to use if normalizing the image. This is a float or list of floats the length of the number of channels in the image. Can be overridden by the image_std parameter in the preprocess method.
  • do_pad (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether to pad the image to make the width and height divisible by size_divisibility. Can be overridden by the do_pad parameter in the preprocess method.
  • size_divisibility (int, optional, defaults to 32) — The width and height of the image will be padded to be divisible by this number.

Constructs a ViTMatte image processor.

preprocess

< >

( images: typing.Union[ForwardRef('PIL.Image.Image'), numpy.ndarray, ForwardRef('torch.Tensor'), typing.List[ForwardRef('PIL.Image.Image')], typing.List[numpy.ndarray], typing.List[ForwardRef('torch.Tensor')]] trimaps: typing.Union[ForwardRef('PIL.Image.Image'), numpy.ndarray, ForwardRef('torch.Tensor'), typing.List[ForwardRef('PIL.Image.Image')], typing.List[numpy.ndarray], typing.List[ForwardRef('torch.Tensor')]] do_rescale: typing.Optional[bool] = None rescale_factor: typing.Optional[float] = None do_normalize: typing.Optional[bool] = None image_mean: typing.Union[float, typing.List[float], NoneType] = None image_std: typing.Union[float, typing.List[float], NoneType] = None do_pad: typing.Optional[bool] = None size_divisibility: typing.Optional[int] = None return_tensors: typing.Union[str, transformers.utils.generic.TensorType, NoneType] = None data_format: typing.Union[str, transformers.image_utils.ChannelDimension] = <ChannelDimension.FIRST: 'channels_first'> input_data_format: typing.Union[str, transformers.image_utils.ChannelDimension, NoneType] = None **kwargs )

Parameters

  • images (ImageInput) — Image to preprocess. Expects a single or batch of images with pixel values ranging from 0 to 255. If passing in images with pixel values between 0 and 1, set do_rescale=False.
  • trimaps (ImageInput) — Trimap to preprocess.
  • do_rescale (bool, optional, defaults to self.do_rescale) — Whether to rescale the image values between [0 - 1].
  • rescale_factor (float, optional, defaults to self.rescale_factor) — Rescale factor to rescale the image by if do_rescale is set to True.
  • do_normalize (bool, optional, defaults to self.do_normalize) — Whether to normalize the image.
  • image_mean (float or List[float], optional, defaults to self.image_mean) — Image mean to use if do_normalize is set to True.
  • image_std (float or List[float], optional, defaults to self.image_std) — Image standard deviation to use if do_normalize is set to True.
  • do_pad (bool, optional, defaults to self.do_pad) — Whether to pad the image.
  • size_divisibility (int, optional, defaults to self.size_divisibility) — The size divisibility to pad the image to if do_pad is set to True.
  • return_tensors (str or TensorType, optional) — The type of tensors to return. Can be one of:
    • Unset: Return a list of np.ndarray.
    • TensorType.TENSORFLOW or 'tf': Return a batch of type tf.Tensor.
    • TensorType.PYTORCH or 'pt': Return a batch of type torch.Tensor.
    • TensorType.NUMPY or 'np': Return a batch of type np.ndarray.
    • TensorType.JAX or 'jax': Return a batch of type jax.numpy.ndarray.
  • data_format (ChannelDimension or str, optional, defaults to ChannelDimension.FIRST) — The channel dimension format for the output image. Can be one of:
    • "channels_first" or ChannelDimension.FIRST: image in (num_channels, height, width) format.
    • "channels_last" or ChannelDimension.LAST: image in (height, width, num_channels) format.
    • Unset: Use the channel dimension format of the input image.
  • input_data_format (ChannelDimension or str, optional) — The channel dimension format for the input image. If unset, the channel dimension format is inferred from the input image. Can be one of:
    • "channels_first" or ChannelDimension.FIRST: image in (num_channels, height, width) format.
    • "channels_last" or ChannelDimension.LAST: image in (height, width, num_channels) format.
    • "none" or ChannelDimension.NONE: image in (height, width) format.

Preprocess an image or batch of images.

VitMatteForImageMatting

class transformers.VitMatteForImageMatting

< >

( config )

Parameters

  • This model is a PyTorch [torch.nn.Module](https —//pytorch.org/docs/stable/nn.html#torch.nn.Module) sub-class. Use
  • it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and — behavior. — config (UperNetConfig): Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

ViTMatte framework leveraging any vision backbone e.g. for ADE20k, CityScapes.

forward

< >

( pixel_values: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None labels: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None ) → transformers.models.vitmatte.modeling_vitmatte.ImageMattingOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • pixel_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — Pixel values. Padding will be ignored by default should you provide it. Pixel values can be obtained using AutoImageProcessor. See VitMatteImageProcessor.call() for details.
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers in case the backbone has them. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers of the backbone. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • labels (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, height, width), optional) — Ground truth image matting for computing the loss.

Returns

transformers.models.vitmatte.modeling_vitmatte.ImageMattingOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.models.vitmatte.modeling_vitmatte.ImageMattingOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (VitMatteConfig) and inputs.

  • loss (torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,), optional, returned when labels is provided) — Loss.

  • alphas (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — Estimated alpha values.

  • hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings, if the model has an embedding layer, + one for the output of each stage) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size). Hidden-states (also called feature maps) of the model at the output of each stage.

  • attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, patch_size, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The VitMatteForImageMatting forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Examples:

>>> from transformers import VitMatteImageProcessor, VitMatteForImageMatting
>>> import torch
>>> from PIL import Image
>>> from huggingface_hub import hf_hub_download

>>> processor = VitMatteImageProcessor.from_pretrained("hustvl/vitmatte-small-composition-1k")
>>> model = VitMatteForImageMatting.from_pretrained("hustvl/vitmatte-small-composition-1k")

>>> filepath = hf_hub_download(
...     repo_id="hf-internal-testing/image-matting-fixtures", filename="image.png", repo_type="dataset"
... )
>>> image = Image.open(filepath).convert("RGB")
>>> filepath = hf_hub_download(
...     repo_id="hf-internal-testing/image-matting-fixtures", filename="trimap.png", repo_type="dataset"
... )
>>> trimap = Image.open(filepath).convert("L")

>>> # prepare image + trimap for the model
>>> inputs = processor(images=image, trimaps=trimap, return_tensors="pt")

>>> with torch.no_grad():
...     alphas = model(**inputs).alphas
>>> print(alphas.shape)
torch.Size([1, 1, 640, 960])