Dataset:



Dataset Card for "quartz"

Dataset Summary

QuaRTz is a crowdsourced dataset of 3864 multiple-choice questions about open domain qualitative relationships. Each question is paired with one of 405 different background sentences (sometimes short paragraphs). The QuaRTz dataset V1 contains 3864 questions about open domain qualitative relationships. Each question is paired with one of 405 different background sentences (sometimes short paragraphs).

The dataset is split into train (2696), dev (384) and test (784). A background sentence will only appear in a single split.

Supported Tasks

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Languages

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Dataset Structure

We show detailed information for up to 5 configurations of the dataset.

Data Instances

default

  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 0.47 MB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 1.64 MB
  • Total amount of disk used: 2.12 MB

An example of 'train' looks as follows.

{
    "answerKey": "A",
    "choices": {
        "label": ["A", "B"],
        "text": ["higher", "lower"]
    },
    "id": "QRQA-10116-3",
    "para": "Electrons at lower energy levels, which are closer to the nucleus, have less energy.",
    "para_anno": {
        "cause_dir_sign": "LESS",
        "cause_dir_str": "closer",
        "cause_prop": "distance from a nucleus",
        "effect_dir_sign": "LESS",
        "effect_dir_str": "less",
        "effect_prop": "energy"
    },
    "para_id": "QRSent-10116",
    "question": "Electrons further away from a nucleus have _____ energy levels than close ones.",
    "question_anno": {
        "less_cause_dir": "electron energy levels",
        "less_cause_prop": "nucleus",
        "less_effect_dir": "lower",
        "less_effect_prop": "electron energy levels",
        "more_effect_dir": "higher",
        "more_effect_prop": "electron energy levels"
    }
}

Data Fields

The data fields are the same among all splits.

default

  • id: a string feature.
  • question: a string feature.
  • choices: a dictionary feature containing:
    • text: a string feature.
    • label: a string feature.
  • answerKey: a string feature.
  • para: a string feature.
  • para_id: a string feature.
  • effect_prop: a string feature.
  • cause_dir_str: a string feature.
  • effect_dir_str: a string feature.
  • cause_dir_sign: a string feature.
  • effect_dir_sign: a string feature.
  • cause_prop: a string feature.
  • more_effect_dir: a string feature.
  • less_effect_dir: a string feature.
  • less_cause_prop: a string feature.
  • more_effect_prop: a string feature.
  • less_effect_prop: a string feature.
  • less_cause_dir: a string feature.

Data Splits Sample Size

name train validation test
default 2696 384 784

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

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Source Data

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Annotations

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Personal and Sensitive Information

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Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

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Discussion of Biases

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Other Known Limitations

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Additional Information

Dataset Curators

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Licensing Information

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Citation Information

@InProceedings{quartz,
  author = {Oyvind Tafjord and Matt Gardner and Kevin Lin and Peter Clark},
  title = {"QUARTZ: An Open-Domain Dataset of Qualitative Relationship
Questions"},

  year = {"2019"},
}

Contributions

Thanks to @patrickvonplaten, @lewtun, @thomwolf for adding this dataset.

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Models trained or fine-tuned on quartz