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TheBloke's LLM work is generously supported by a grant from andreessen horowitz (a16z)

StableBeluga2 - GPTQ


This repo contains GPTQ model files for Stability AI's StableBeluga2.

Multiple GPTQ parameter permutations are provided; see Provided Files below for details of the options provided, their parameters, and the software used to create them.

Repositories available

Prompt template: Orca-Hashes

### System:

### User:

### Assistant:

Provided files and GPTQ parameters

Multiple quantisation parameters are provided, to allow you to choose the best one for your hardware and requirements.

Each separate quant is in a different branch. See below for instructions on fetching from different branches.

All recent GPTQ files are made with AutoGPTQ, and all files in non-main branches are made with AutoGPTQ. Files in the main branch which were uploaded before August 2023 were made with GPTQ-for-LLaMa.

Explanation of GPTQ parameters
  • Bits: The bit size of the quantised model.
  • GS: GPTQ group size. Higher numbers use less VRAM, but have lower quantisation accuracy. "None" is the lowest possible value.
  • Act Order: True or False. Also known as desc_act. True results in better quantisation accuracy. Some GPTQ clients have had issues with models that use Act Order plus Group Size, but this is generally resolved now.
  • Damp %: A GPTQ parameter that affects how samples are processed for quantisation. 0.01 is default, but 0.1 results in slightly better accuracy.
  • GPTQ dataset: The dataset used for quantisation. Using a dataset more appropriate to the model's training can improve quantisation accuracy. Note that the GPTQ dataset is not the same as the dataset used to train the model - please refer to the original model repo for details of the training dataset(s).
  • Sequence Length: The length of the dataset sequences used for quantisation. Ideally this is the same as the model sequence length. For some very long sequence models (16+K), a lower sequence length may have to be used. Note that a lower sequence length does not limit the sequence length of the quantised model. It only impacts the quantisation accuracy on longer inference sequences.
  • ExLlama Compatibility: Whether this file can be loaded with ExLlama, which currently only supports Llama models in 4-bit.
Branch Bits GS Act Order Damp % GPTQ Dataset Seq Len Size ExLlama Desc
gptq-4bit-32g-actorder_True 4 32 Yes 0.01 wikitext 4096 40.66 GB Yes 4-bit, with Act Order and group size 32g. Gives highest possible inference quality, with maximum VRAM usage.
gptq-4bit-64g-actorder_True 4 64 Yes 0.01 wikitext 4096 37.99 GB Yes 4-bit, with Act Order and group size 64g. Uses less VRAM than 32g, but with slightly lower accuracy.
gptq-4bit-128g-actorder_True 4 128 Yes 0.01 wikitext 4096 36.65 GB Yes 4-bit, with Act Order and group size 128g. Uses even less VRAM than 64g, but with slightly lower accuracy.
gptq-3bit-128g-actorder_True 3 128 Yes 0.01 wikitext 4096 28.03 GB No 3-bit, with group size 128g and act-order. Higher quality than 128g-False.
gptq-3bit-128g-actorder_False 3 128 No 0.01 wikitext 4096 28.03 GB No 3-bit, with group size 128g but no act-order. Slightly higher VRAM requirements than 3-bit None.
gptq-3bit--1g-actorder_True 3 None Yes 0.01 wikitext 4096 26.78 GB No 3-bit, with Act Order and no group size. Lowest possible VRAM requirements. May be lower quality than 3-bit 128g.
gptq-4bit-128g-actorder_False 4 128 No 0.01 wikitext 4096 36.65 GB Yes 4-bit, without Act Order and group size 128g.
gptq-3bit-64g-actorder_True 3 64 Yes 0.01 wikitext 4096 29.30 GB No 3-bit, with group size 64g and act-order.
main 4 None Yes 0.01 wikitext 4096 35.33 GB Yes 4-bit, with Act Order. No group size, to lower VRAM requirements.

How to download from branches

  • In text-generation-webui, you can add :branch to the end of the download name, eg TheBloke/StableBeluga2-70B-GPTQ:gptq-4bit-32g-actorder_True
  • With Git, you can clone a branch with:
git clone --single-branch --branch gptq-4bit-32g-actorder_True https://huggingface.co/TheBloke/StableBeluga2-70B-GPTQ
  • In Python Transformers code, the branch is the revision parameter; see below.

How to easily download and use this model in text-generation-webui.

Please make sure you're using the latest version of text-generation-webui.

It is strongly recommended to use the text-generation-webui one-click-installers unless you're sure you know how to make a manual install.

  1. Click the Model tab.
  2. Under Download custom model or LoRA, enter TheBloke/StableBeluga2-70B-GPTQ.
  • To download from a specific branch, enter for example TheBloke/StableBeluga2-70B-GPTQ:gptq-4bit-32g-actorder_True
  • see Provided Files above for the list of branches for each option.
  1. Click Download.
  2. The model will start downloading. Once it's finished it will say "Done".
  3. In the top left, click the refresh icon next to Model.
  4. In the Model dropdown, choose the model you just downloaded: StableBeluga2-70B-GPTQ
  5. The model will automatically load, and is now ready for use!
  6. If you want any custom settings, set them and then click Save settings for this model followed by Reload the Model in the top right.
  • Note that you do not need to and should not set manual GPTQ parameters any more. These are set automatically from the file quantize_config.json.
  1. Once you're ready, click the Text Generation tab and enter a prompt to get started!

How to use this GPTQ model from Python code

Install the necessary packages

Requires: Transformers 4.32.0 or later, Optimum 1.12.0 or later, and AutoGPTQ 0.4.2 or later.

pip3 install transformers>=4.32.0 optimum>=1.12.0
pip3 install auto-gptq --extra-index-url https://huggingface.github.io/autogptq-index/whl/cu118/  # Use cu117 if on CUDA 11.7

If you have problems installing AutoGPTQ using the pre-built wheels, install it from source instead:

pip3 uninstall -y auto-gptq
git clone https://github.com/PanQiWei/AutoGPTQ
cd AutoGPTQ
pip3 install .

For CodeLlama models only: you must use Transformers 4.33.0 or later.

If 4.33.0 is not yet released when you read this, you will need to install Transformers from source:

pip3 uninstall -y transformers
pip3 install git+https://github.com/huggingface/transformers.git

You can then use the following code

from transformers import AutoModelForCausalLM, AutoTokenizer, pipeline

model_name_or_path = "TheBloke/StableBeluga2-70B-GPTQ"
# To use a different branch, change revision
# For example: revision="gptq-4bit-32g-actorder_True"
model = AutoModelForCausalLM.from_pretrained(model_name_or_path,

tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained(model_name_or_path, use_fast=True)

prompt = "Tell me about AI"
prompt_template=f'''### System:

### User:

### Assistant:


print("\n\n*** Generate:")

input_ids = tokenizer(prompt_template, return_tensors='pt').input_ids.cuda()
output = model.generate(inputs=input_ids, temperature=0.7, do_sample=True, top_p=0.95, top_k=40, max_new_tokens=512)

# Inference can also be done using transformers' pipeline

print("*** Pipeline:")
pipe = pipeline(



The files provided are tested to work with AutoGPTQ, both via Transformers and using AutoGPTQ directly. They should also work with Occ4m's GPTQ-for-LLaMa fork.

ExLlama is compatible with Llama models in 4-bit. Please see the Provided Files table above for per-file compatibility.

Huggingface Text Generation Inference (TGI) is compatible with all GPTQ models.


For further support, and discussions on these models and AI in general, join us at:

TheBloke AI's Discord server

Thanks, and how to contribute

Thanks to the chirper.ai team!

Thanks to Clay from gpus.llm-utils.org!

I've had a lot of people ask if they can contribute. I enjoy providing models and helping people, and would love to be able to spend even more time doing it, as well as expanding into new projects like fine tuning/training.

If you're able and willing to contribute it will be most gratefully received and will help me to keep providing more models, and to start work on new AI projects.

Donaters will get priority support on any and all AI/LLM/model questions and requests, access to a private Discord room, plus other benefits.

Special thanks to: Aemon Algiz.

Patreon special mentions: Alicia Loh, Stephen Murray, K, Ajan Kanaga, RoA, Magnesian, Deo Leter, Olakabola, Eugene Pentland, zynix, Deep Realms, Raymond Fosdick, Elijah Stavena, Iucharbius, Erik Bjäreholt, Luis Javier Navarrete Lozano, Nicholas, theTransient, John Detwiler, alfie_i, knownsqashed, Mano Prime, Willem Michiel, Enrico Ros, LangChain4j, OG, Michael Dempsey, Pierre Kircher, Pedro Madruga, James Bentley, Thomas Belote, Luke @flexchar, Leonard Tan, Johann-Peter Hartmann, Illia Dulskyi, Fen Risland, Chadd, S_X, Jeff Scroggin, Ken Nordquist, Sean Connelly, Artur Olbinski, Swaroop Kallakuri, Jack West, Ai Maven, David Ziegler, Russ Johnson, transmissions 11, John Villwock, Alps Aficionado, Clay Pascal, Viktor Bowallius, Subspace Studios, Rainer Wilmers, Trenton Dambrowitz, vamX, Michael Levine, 준교 김, Brandon Frisco, Kalila, Trailburnt, Randy H, Talal Aujan, Nathan Dryer, Vadim, 阿明, ReadyPlayerEmma, Tiffany J. Kim, George Stoitzev, Spencer Kim, Jerry Meng, Gabriel Tamborski, Cory Kujawski, Jeffrey Morgan, Spiking Neurons AB, Edmond Seymore, Alexandros Triantafyllidis, Lone Striker, Cap'n Zoog, Nikolai Manek, danny, ya boyyy, Derek Yates, usrbinkat, Mandus, TL, Nathan LeClaire, subjectnull, Imad Khwaja, webtim, Raven Klaugh, Asp the Wyvern, Gabriel Puliatti, Caitlyn Gatomon, Joseph William Delisle, Jonathan Leane, Luke Pendergrass, SuperWojo, Sebastain Graf, Will Dee, Fred von Graf, Andrey, Dan Guido, Daniel P. Andersen, Nitin Borwankar, Elle, Vitor Caleffi, biorpg, jjj, NimbleBox.ai, Pieter, Matthew Berman, terasurfer, Michael Davis, Alex, Stanislav Ovsiannikov

Thank you to all my generous patrons and donaters!

And thank you again to a16z for their generous grant.

Original model card: Stability AI's StableBeluga2

Stable Beluga 2

Use Stable Chat (Research Preview) to test Stability AI's best language models for free

Model Description

Stable Beluga 2 is a Llama2 70B model finetuned on an Orca style Dataset


Start chatting with Stable Beluga 2 using the following code snippet:

import torch
from transformers import AutoModelForCausalLM, AutoTokenizer, pipeline

tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained("stabilityai/StableBeluga2", use_fast=False)
model = AutoModelForCausalLM.from_pretrained("stabilityai/StableBeluga2", torch_dtype=torch.float16, low_cpu_mem_usage=True, device_map="auto")
system_prompt = "### System:\nYou are Stable Beluga, an AI that follows instructions extremely well. Help as much as you can. Remember, be safe, and don't do anything illegal.\n\n"

message = "Write me a poem please"
prompt = f"{system_prompt}### User: {message}\n\n### Assistant:\n"
inputs = tokenizer(prompt, return_tensors="pt").to("cuda")
output = model.generate(**inputs, do_sample=True, top_p=0.95, top_k=0, max_new_tokens=256)

print(tokenizer.decode(output[0], skip_special_tokens=True))

Stable Beluga 2 should be used with this prompt format:

### System:
This is a system prompt, please behave and help the user.

### User:
Your prompt here

### Assistant:
The output of Stable Beluga 2

Other Beluga Models

StableBeluga 1 - Delta
StableBeluga 13B
StableBeluga 7B

Model Details

Training Dataset

Stable Beluga 2 is trained on our internal Orca-style dataset

Training Procedure

Models are learned via supervised fine-tuning on the aforementioned datasets, trained in mixed-precision (BF16), and optimized with AdamW. We outline the following hyperparameters:

Dataset Batch Size Learning Rate Learning Rate Decay Warm-up Weight Decay Betas
Orca pt1 packed 256 3e-5 Cosine to 3e-6 100 1e-6 (0.9, 0.95)
Orca pt2 unpacked 512 3e-5 Cosine to 3e-6 100 1e-6 (0.9, 0.95)

Ethical Considerations and Limitations

Beluga is a new technology that carries risks with use. Testing conducted to date has been in English, and has not covered, nor could it cover all scenarios. For these reasons, as with all LLMs, Beluga's potential outputs cannot be predicted in advance, and the model may in some instances produce inaccurate, biased or other objectionable responses to user prompts. Therefore, before deploying any applications of Beluga, developers should perform safety testing and tuning tailored to their specific applications of the model.

How to cite

      title={Stable Beluga models}, 
      author={Mahan, Dakota and Carlow, Ryan and Castricato, Louis and Cooper, Nathan and Laforte, Christian}


      title={Llama 2: Open Foundation and Fine-Tuned Chat Models}, 
      author={Hugo Touvron and Louis Martin and Kevin Stone and Peter Albert and Amjad Almahairi and Yasmine Babaei and Nikolay Bashlykov and Soumya Batra and Prajjwal Bhargava and Shruti Bhosale and Dan Bikel and Lukas Blecher and Cristian Canton Ferrer and Moya Chen and Guillem Cucurull and David Esiobu and Jude Fernandes and Jeremy Fu and Wenyin Fu and Brian Fuller and Cynthia Gao and Vedanuj Goswami and Naman Goyal and Anthony Hartshorn and Saghar Hosseini and Rui Hou and Hakan Inan and Marcin Kardas and Viktor Kerkez and Madian Khabsa and Isabel Kloumann and Artem Korenev and Punit Singh Koura and Marie-Anne Lachaux and Thibaut Lavril and Jenya Lee and Diana Liskovich and Yinghai Lu and Yuning Mao and Xavier Martinet and Todor Mihaylov and Pushkar Mishra and Igor Molybog and Yixin Nie and Andrew Poulton and Jeremy Reizenstein and Rashi Rungta and Kalyan Saladi and Alan Schelten and Ruan Silva and Eric Michael Smith and Ranjan Subramanian and Xiaoqing Ellen Tan and Binh Tang and Ross Taylor and Adina Williams and Jian Xiang Kuan and Puxin Xu and Zheng Yan and Iliyan Zarov and Yuchen Zhang and Angela Fan and Melanie Kambadur and Sharan Narang and Aurelien Rodriguez and Robert Stojnic and Sergey Edunov and Thomas Scialom},
      title={Orca: Progressive Learning from Complex Explanation Traces of GPT-4}, 
      author={Subhabrata Mukherjee and Arindam Mitra and Ganesh Jawahar and Sahaj Agarwal and Hamid Palangi and Ahmed Awadallah},
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