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TheBloke's LLM work is generously supported by a grant from andreessen horowitz (a16z)

Poro 34B - GPTQ


This repo contains GPTQ model files for LumiOpen's Poro 34B.

Multiple GPTQ parameter permutations are provided; see Provided Files below for details of the options provided, their parameters, and the software used to create them.

These files were quantised using hardware kindly provided by Massed Compute.

Repositories available

Prompt template: None


Known compatible clients / servers

GPTQ models are currently supported on Linux (NVidia/AMD) and Windows (NVidia only). macOS users: please use GGUF models.

These GPTQ models are known to work in the following inference servers/webuis.

This may not be a complete list; if you know of others, please let me know!

Provided files, and GPTQ parameters

Multiple quantisation parameters are provided, to allow you to choose the best one for your hardware and requirements.

Each separate quant is in a different branch. See below for instructions on fetching from different branches.

Most GPTQ files are made with AutoGPTQ. Mistral models are currently made with Transformers.

Explanation of GPTQ parameters
  • Bits: The bit size of the quantised model.
  • GS: GPTQ group size. Higher numbers use less VRAM, but have lower quantisation accuracy. "None" is the lowest possible value.
  • Act Order: True or False. Also known as desc_act. True results in better quantisation accuracy. Some GPTQ clients have had issues with models that use Act Order plus Group Size, but this is generally resolved now.
  • Damp %: A GPTQ parameter that affects how samples are processed for quantisation. 0.01 is default, but 0.1 results in slightly better accuracy.
  • GPTQ dataset: The calibration dataset used during quantisation. Using a dataset more appropriate to the model's training can improve quantisation accuracy. Note that the GPTQ calibration dataset is not the same as the dataset used to train the model - please refer to the original model repo for details of the training dataset(s).
  • Sequence Length: The length of the dataset sequences used for quantisation. Ideally this is the same as the model sequence length. For some very long sequence models (16+K), a lower sequence length may have to be used. Note that a lower sequence length does not limit the sequence length of the quantised model. It only impacts the quantisation accuracy on longer inference sequences.
  • ExLlama Compatibility: Whether this file can be loaded with ExLlama, which currently only supports Llama and Mistral models in 4-bit.
Branch Bits GS Act Order Damp % GPTQ Dataset Seq Len Size ExLlama Desc
main 4 None Yes 0.1 VMware Open Instruct 2048 20.35 GB No 4-bit, with Act Order. No group size, to lower VRAM requirements.
gptq-4bit-128g-actorder_True 4 128 Yes 0.1 VMware Open Instruct 2048 20.99 GB No 4-bit, with Act Order and group size 128g. Uses even less VRAM than 64g, but with slightly lower accuracy.
gptq-4bit-32g-actorder_True 4 32 Yes 0.1 VMware Open Instruct 2048 22.94 GB No 4-bit, with Act Order and group size 32g. Gives highest possible inference quality, with maximum VRAM usage.
gptq-3bit-128g-actorder_True 3 128 Yes 0.1 VMware Open Instruct 2048 16.79 GB No 3-bit, with group size 128g and act-order. Higher quality than 128g-False.
gptq-8bit--1g-actorder_True 8 None Yes 0.1 VMware Open Instruct 2048 37.00 GB No 8-bit, with Act Order. No group size, to lower VRAM requirements.
gptq-3bit-32g-actorder_True 3 32 Yes 0.1 VMware Open Instruct 2048 18.65 GB No 3-bit, with group size 64g and act-order. Highest quality 3-bit option.
gptq-8bit-128g-actorder_True 8 128 Yes 0.1 VMware Open Instruct 2048 37.77 GB No 8-bit, with group size 128g for higher inference quality and with Act Order for even higher accuracy.

How to download, including from branches

In text-generation-webui

To download from the main branch, enter TheBloke/Poro-34B-GPTQ in the "Download model" box.

To download from another branch, add :branchname to the end of the download name, eg TheBloke/Poro-34B-GPTQ:gptq-4bit-128g-actorder_True

From the command line

I recommend using the huggingface-hub Python library:

pip3 install huggingface-hub

To download the main branch to a folder called Poro-34B-GPTQ:

mkdir Poro-34B-GPTQ
huggingface-cli download TheBloke/Poro-34B-GPTQ --local-dir Poro-34B-GPTQ --local-dir-use-symlinks False

To download from a different branch, add the --revision parameter:

mkdir Poro-34B-GPTQ
huggingface-cli download TheBloke/Poro-34B-GPTQ --revision gptq-4bit-128g-actorder_True --local-dir Poro-34B-GPTQ --local-dir-use-symlinks False
More advanced huggingface-cli download usage

If you remove the --local-dir-use-symlinks False parameter, the files will instead be stored in the central Hugging Face cache directory (default location on Linux is: ~/.cache/huggingface), and symlinks will be added to the specified --local-dir, pointing to their real location in the cache. This allows for interrupted downloads to be resumed, and allows you to quickly clone the repo to multiple places on disk without triggering a download again. The downside, and the reason why I don't list that as the default option, is that the files are then hidden away in a cache folder and it's harder to know where your disk space is being used, and to clear it up if/when you want to remove a download model.

The cache location can be changed with the HF_HOME environment variable, and/or the --cache-dir parameter to huggingface-cli.

For more documentation on downloading with huggingface-cli, please see: HF -> Hub Python Library -> Download files -> Download from the CLI.

To accelerate downloads on fast connections (1Gbit/s or higher), install hf_transfer:

pip3 install hf_transfer

And set environment variable HF_HUB_ENABLE_HF_TRANSFER to 1:

mkdir Poro-34B-GPTQ
HF_HUB_ENABLE_HF_TRANSFER=1 huggingface-cli download TheBloke/Poro-34B-GPTQ --local-dir Poro-34B-GPTQ --local-dir-use-symlinks False

Windows Command Line users: You can set the environment variable by running set HF_HUB_ENABLE_HF_TRANSFER=1 before the download command.

With git (not recommended)

To clone a specific branch with git, use a command like this:

git clone --single-branch --branch gptq-4bit-128g-actorder_True https://huggingface.co/TheBloke/Poro-34B-GPTQ

Note that using Git with HF repos is strongly discouraged. It will be much slower than using huggingface-hub, and will use twice as much disk space as it has to store the model files twice (it stores every byte both in the intended target folder, and again in the .git folder as a blob.)

How to easily download and use this model in text-generation-webui

Please make sure you're using the latest version of text-generation-webui.

It is strongly recommended to use the text-generation-webui one-click-installers unless you're sure you know how to make a manual install.

  1. Click the Model tab.

  2. Under Download custom model or LoRA, enter TheBloke/Poro-34B-GPTQ.

    • To download from a specific branch, enter for example TheBloke/Poro-34B-GPTQ:gptq-4bit-128g-actorder_True
    • see Provided Files above for the list of branches for each option.
  3. Click Download.

  4. The model will start downloading. Once it's finished it will say "Done".

  5. In the top left, click the refresh icon next to Model.

  6. In the Model dropdown, choose the model you just downloaded: Poro-34B-GPTQ

  7. The model will automatically load, and is now ready for use!

  8. If you want any custom settings, set them and then click Save settings for this model followed by Reload the Model in the top right.

    • Note that you do not need to and should not set manual GPTQ parameters any more. These are set automatically from the file quantize_config.json.
  9. Once you're ready, click the Text Generation tab and enter a prompt to get started!

Serving this model from Text Generation Inference (TGI)

It's recommended to use TGI version 1.1.0 or later. The official Docker container is: ghcr.io/huggingface/text-generation-inference:1.1.0

Example Docker parameters:

--model-id TheBloke/Poro-34B-GPTQ --port 3000 --quantize gptq --max-input-length 3696 --max-total-tokens 4096 --max-batch-prefill-tokens 4096

Example Python code for interfacing with TGI (requires huggingface-hub 0.17.0 or later):

pip3 install huggingface-hub
from huggingface_hub import InferenceClient

endpoint_url = "https://your-endpoint-url-here"

prompt = "Tell me about AI"

client = InferenceClient(endpoint_url)
response = client.text_generation(prompt,

print(f"Model output: {response}")

Python code example: inference from this GPTQ model

Install the necessary packages

Requires: Transformers 4.33.0 or later, Optimum 1.12.0 or later, and AutoGPTQ 0.4.2 or later.

pip3 install --upgrade transformers optimum
# If using PyTorch 2.1 + CUDA 12.x:
pip3 install --upgrade auto-gptq
# or, if using PyTorch 2.1 + CUDA 11.x:
pip3 install --upgrade auto-gptq --extra-index-url https://huggingface.github.io/autogptq-index/whl/cu118/

If you are using PyTorch 2.0, you will need to install AutoGPTQ from source. Likewise if you have problems with the pre-built wheels, you should try building from source:

pip3 uninstall -y auto-gptq
git clone https://github.com/PanQiWei/AutoGPTQ
cd AutoGPTQ
git checkout v0.5.1
pip3 install .

Example Python code

from transformers import AutoModelForCausalLM, AutoTokenizer, pipeline

model_name_or_path = "TheBloke/Poro-34B-GPTQ"
# To use a different branch, change revision
# For example: revision="gptq-4bit-128g-actorder_True"
model = AutoModelForCausalLM.from_pretrained(model_name_or_path,

tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained(model_name_or_path, use_fast=True)

prompt = "Tell me about AI"

print("\n\n*** Generate:")

input_ids = tokenizer(prompt_template, return_tensors='pt').input_ids.cuda()
output = model.generate(inputs=input_ids, temperature=0.7, do_sample=True, top_p=0.95, top_k=40, max_new_tokens=512)

# Inference can also be done using transformers' pipeline

print("*** Pipeline:")
pipe = pipeline(



The files provided are tested to work with Transformers. For non-Mistral models, AutoGPTQ can also be used directly.

ExLlama is compatible with Llama and Mistral models in 4-bit. Please see the Provided Files table above for per-file compatibility.

For a list of clients/servers, please see "Known compatible clients / servers", above.


For further support, and discussions on these models and AI in general, join us at:

TheBloke AI's Discord server

Thanks, and how to contribute

Thanks to the chirper.ai team!

Thanks to Clay from gpus.llm-utils.org!

I've had a lot of people ask if they can contribute. I enjoy providing models and helping people, and would love to be able to spend even more time doing it, as well as expanding into new projects like fine tuning/training.

If you're able and willing to contribute it will be most gratefully received and will help me to keep providing more models, and to start work on new AI projects.

Donaters will get priority support on any and all AI/LLM/model questions and requests, access to a private Discord room, plus other benefits.

Special thanks to: Aemon Algiz.

Patreon special mentions: Michael Levine, 闃挎槑, Trailburnt, Nikolai Manek, John Detwiler, Randy H, Will Dee, Sebastain Graf, NimbleBox.ai, Eugene Pentland, Emad Mostaque, Ai Maven, Jim Angel, Jeff Scroggin, Michael Davis, Manuel Alberto Morcote, Stephen Murray, Robert, Justin Joy, Luke @flexchar, Brandon Frisco, Elijah Stavena, S_X, Dan Guido, Undi ., Komninos Chatzipapas, Shadi, theTransient, Lone Striker, Raven Klaugh, jjj, Cap'n Zoog, Michel-Marie MAUDET (LINAGORA), Matthew Berman, David, Fen Risland, Omer Bin Jawed, Luke Pendergrass, Kalila, OG, Erik Bj盲reholt, Rooh Singh, Joseph William Delisle, Dan Lewis, TL, John Villwock, AzureBlack, Brad, Pedro Madruga, Caitlyn Gatomon, K, jinyuan sun, Mano Prime, Alex, Jeffrey Morgan, Alicia Loh, Illia Dulskyi, Chadd, transmissions 11, fincy, Rainer Wilmers, ReadyPlayerEmma, knownsqashed, Mandus, biorpg, Deo Leter, Brandon Phillips, SuperWojo, Sean Connelly, Iucharbius, Jack West, Harry Royden McLaughlin, Nicholas, terasurfer, Vitor Caleffi, Duane Dunston, Johann-Peter Hartmann, David Ziegler, Olakabola, Ken Nordquist, Trenton Dambrowitz, Tom X Nguyen, Vadim, Ajan Kanaga, Leonard Tan, Clay Pascal, Alexandros Triantafyllidis, JM33133, Xule, vamX, ya boyyy, subjectnull, Talal Aujan, Alps Aficionado, wassieverse, Ari Malik, James Bentley, Woland, Spencer Kim, Michael Dempsey, Fred von Graf, Elle, zynix, William Richards, Stanislav Ovsiannikov, Edmond Seymore, Jonathan Leane, Martin Kemka, usrbinkat, Enrico Ros

Thank you to all my generous patrons and donaters!

And thank you again to a16z for their generous grant.

Original model card: LumiOpen's Poro 34B

Poro 34B Model Card

NOTE: This is a research checkpoint of a model for which training has not been completed. It is being provided in its current state for research and testing purposes. Care should be taken when using the outputs of the model. Once pretraining has completed we intend to release additional instruction-tuned and chat-tuned varieties.

Poro is a 34B parameter decoder-only transformer pretrained on Finnish, English and code. It is being trained on 1 trillion tokens (500 billion as of this release). Poro is a fully open source model and is made available under the Apache 2.0 License.

Poro was created in a collaboration between SiloGen from Silo AI, the TurkuNLP group of the University of Turku, and High Performance Language Technologies (HPLT). Training was conducted on the LUMI supercomputer, using compute resources generously provided by CSC - IT Center for Science, Finland.

This project is part of an ongoing effort to create open source large language models for non-English and especially low resource languages like Finnish. Through the combination of English and Finnish training data we get a model that outperforms previous Finnish only models, while also being fluent in English and code, and capable of basic translation between English and Finnish.

Poro 34B is only the first model of our model family. Work is already underway on our next models which will support additional languages, and include features like flash attention, rotary embeddings, and grouped query attention.

What does Poro mean? Poro is the Finnish word for Reindeer! 馃 These animals are native to Finland and hold a significant and historical role in Finnish culture.

Model Overview

NOTE: In addition to being an early research release, Poro is a base model which needs further fine tuning for most use cases.

Poro is a generative pretrained transformer using a BLOOM architecture, and makes use of ALiBi embeddings to support context length extrapolation at inference time.

Hyperparameter Value
n_parameters 34.2B
n_layers 54
n_heads 56
d_model 7168
vocab_size 128000
sequence_length 2048

Poro Research Checkpoints

Checkpoints are available as branches in the repository. Checkpoints will be released roughly every 100B tokens. The main branch will always point to the latest checkpoint. The following checkpoints are available:

The transformers library allows you to load a checkpoint from a branch as follows:

branch = "200B"
model = transformers.AutoModelForCausalLM.from_pretrained(


Poro was trained on the LUMI supercomputer, using 512 AMD MI250X GPUs. Each MI250X GPU has two Graphics Complex Dies (GCDs) for a world size of 1024 during training, using activation checkpointing, a micro batch size of 1, gradient accumulation of 16, and a 3D parallelism strategy of TP=2, PP=4, DP=128.

Training began in September 2023 using a custom fork of the Megatron-Deepspeed framework.

Training Hyperparameters

Hyperparameter Value Comment
Precision bfloat16
Optimizer AdamW
Learning rate 1.5e-4 10B tokens warm-up, cosine decay to 2e-5
Weight decay 1e-1
Batch size 2048 2048 samples x 2048 tokens = 4194304 tokens


Poro uses a custom 128K Bloom tokenizer trained on the same English, Finnish and Code dataset used to train the model.


Poro is being trained on a 1 trillion token mixed dataset of English, Finnish and Code.

Dataset Notes Percentage Epochs Tokens
SlimPajama Excluding books3 data 54.16% 1x 541.7B
Finnish TurkuNLP Finnish dataset 13.05% 4x 131.5B
Tatoeba English/Finnish sentence pairs 0.81% 1x 8.0B
Starcoder 31.53% 1.52x 315.4B
Project Gutenberg from Dolma dataset 0.46% 1x 4.5B

The Finnish dataset is a combination of many Finnish resources:

Evaluation Results

Despite the early training stage, Poro already exceeds the performance of the Finnish-only FinGPT language models on the FIN-bench Finnish language benchmark.

Full evaluation results will be published with the final model.

Ethical Considerations and Limitations

Poro 34B is a release of a partially trained model, and special care should be taken when using any output.

Poro is an advanced language model, primarily optimized for English, Finnish and code, with no meaningful proficiency in any other languages. As with most AI-driven systems, Poro is a product of the vast data it has been trained on, which may reflect the imperfections, biases, and idiosyncrasies of the wider web. Poro may, at times, produce outputs that can be considered inaccurate, prejudiced, or controversial. Users and developers engaging with Poro should exercise discretion and consider additional evaluation and customization to ensure the model's responses align with their specific needs and ethical standards.


Poro is released under the Apache 2.0 license.

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Finetuned from

Datasets used to train TheBloke/Poro-34B-GPTQ