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TheBloke's LLM work is generously supported by a grant from andreessen horowitz (a16z)

OpenOrca Platypus2 13B - GGML


This repo contains GGML format model files for Open-Orca's OpenOrca Platypus2 13B.

Important note regarding GGML files.

The GGML format has now been superseded by GGUF. As of August 21st 2023, llama.cpp no longer supports GGML models. Third party clients and libraries are expected to still support it for a time, but many may also drop support.

Please use the GGUF models instead.

About GGML

GGML files are for CPU + GPU inference using llama.cpp and libraries and UIs which support this format, such as:

  • text-generation-webui, the most popular web UI. Supports NVidia CUDA GPU acceleration.
  • KoboldCpp, a powerful GGML web UI with GPU acceleration on all platforms (CUDA and OpenCL). Especially good for story telling.
  • LM Studio, a fully featured local GUI with GPU acceleration on both Windows (NVidia and AMD), and macOS.
  • LoLLMS Web UI, a great web UI with CUDA GPU acceleration via the c_transformers backend.
  • ctransformers, a Python library with GPU accel, LangChain support, and OpenAI-compatible AI server.
  • llama-cpp-python, a Python library with GPU accel, LangChain support, and OpenAI-compatible API server.

Repositories available

Prompt template: Alpaca-InstructOnly

### Instruction:


### Response:


These quantised GGML files are compatible with llama.cpp between June 6th (commit 2d43387) and August 21st 2023.

For support with latest llama.cpp, please use GGUF files instead.

The final llama.cpp commit with support for GGML was: dadbed99e65252d79f81101a392d0d6497b86caa

As of August 23rd 2023 they are still compatible with all UIs, libraries and utilities which use GGML. This may change in the future.

Explanation of the new k-quant methods

Click to see details

The new methods available are:

  • GGML_TYPE_Q2_K - "type-1" 2-bit quantization in super-blocks containing 16 blocks, each block having 16 weight. Block scales and mins are quantized with 4 bits. This ends up effectively using 2.5625 bits per weight (bpw)
  • GGML_TYPE_Q3_K - "type-0" 3-bit quantization in super-blocks containing 16 blocks, each block having 16 weights. Scales are quantized with 6 bits. This end up using 3.4375 bpw.
  • GGML_TYPE_Q4_K - "type-1" 4-bit quantization in super-blocks containing 8 blocks, each block having 32 weights. Scales and mins are quantized with 6 bits. This ends up using 4.5 bpw.
  • GGML_TYPE_Q5_K - "type-1" 5-bit quantization. Same super-block structure as GGML_TYPE_Q4_K resulting in 5.5 bpw
  • GGML_TYPE_Q6_K - "type-0" 6-bit quantization. Super-blocks with 16 blocks, each block having 16 weights. Scales are quantized with 8 bits. This ends up using 6.5625 bpw
  • GGML_TYPE_Q8_K - "type-0" 8-bit quantization. Only used for quantizing intermediate results. The difference to the existing Q8_0 is that the block size is 256. All 2-6 bit dot products are implemented for this quantization type.

Refer to the Provided Files table below to see what files use which methods, and how.

Provided files

Name Quant method Bits Size Max RAM required Use case
openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q2_K.bin q2_K 2 5.74 GB 8.24 GB New k-quant method. Uses GGML_TYPE_Q4_K for the attention.vw and feed_forward.w2 tensors, GGML_TYPE_Q2_K for the other tensors.
openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q3_K_S.bin q3_K_S 3 5.87 GB 8.37 GB New k-quant method. Uses GGML_TYPE_Q3_K for all tensors
openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q3_K_M.bin q3_K_M 3 6.53 GB 9.03 GB New k-quant method. Uses GGML_TYPE_Q4_K for the attention.wv, attention.wo, and feed_forward.w2 tensors, else GGML_TYPE_Q3_K
openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q3_K_L.bin q3_K_L 3 7.14 GB 9.64 GB New k-quant method. Uses GGML_TYPE_Q5_K for the attention.wv, attention.wo, and feed_forward.w2 tensors, else GGML_TYPE_Q3_K
openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q4_0.bin q4_0 4 7.32 GB 9.82 GB Original quant method, 4-bit.
openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q4_K_S.bin q4_K_S 4 7.56 GB 10.06 GB New k-quant method. Uses GGML_TYPE_Q4_K for all tensors
openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q4_K_M.bin q4_K_M 4 8.06 GB 10.56 GB New k-quant method. Uses GGML_TYPE_Q6_K for half of the attention.wv and feed_forward.w2 tensors, else GGML_TYPE_Q4_K
openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q4_1.bin q4_1 4 8.14 GB 10.64 GB Original quant method, 4-bit. Higher accuracy than q4_0 but not as high as q5_0. However has quicker inference than q5 models.
openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q5_0.bin q5_0 5 8.95 GB 11.45 GB Original quant method, 5-bit. Higher accuracy, higher resource usage and slower inference.
openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q5_K_S.bin q5_K_S 5 9.14 GB 11.64 GB New k-quant method. Uses GGML_TYPE_Q5_K for all tensors
openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q5_K_M.bin q5_K_M 5 9.40 GB 11.90 GB New k-quant method. Uses GGML_TYPE_Q6_K for half of the attention.wv and feed_forward.w2 tensors, else GGML_TYPE_Q5_K
openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q5_1.bin q5_1 5 9.76 GB 12.26 GB Original quant method, 5-bit. Even higher accuracy, resource usage and slower inference.
openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q6_K.bin q6_K 6 10.83 GB 13.33 GB New k-quant method. Uses GGML_TYPE_Q8_K for all tensors - 6-bit quantization
openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q8_0.bin q8_0 8 13.83 GB 16.33 GB Original quant method, 8-bit. Almost indistinguishable from float16. High resource use and slow. Not recommended for most users.

Note: the above RAM figures assume no GPU offloading. If layers are offloaded to the GPU, this will reduce RAM usage and use VRAM instead.

How to run in llama.cpp

Make sure you are using llama.cpp from commit dadbed99e65252d79f81101a392d0d6497b86caa or earlier.

For compatibility with latest llama.cpp, please use GGUF files instead.

./main -t 10 -ngl 32 -m openorca-platypus2-13b.ggmlv3.q4_K_M.bin --color -c 2048 --temp 0.7 --repeat_penalty 1.1 -n -1 -p "### Instruction:\n\nWrite a story about llamas\n\n### Response:"

Change -t 10 to the number of physical CPU cores you have. For example if your system has 8 cores/16 threads, use -t 8.

Change -ngl 32 to the number of layers to offload to GPU. Remove it if you don't have GPU acceleration.

Change -c 2048 to the desired sequence length for this model. For example, -c 4096 for a Llama 2 model. For models that use RoPE, add --rope-freq-base 10000 --rope-freq-scale 0.5 for doubled context, or --rope-freq-base 10000 --rope-freq-scale 0.25 for 4x context.

If you want to have a chat-style conversation, replace the -p <PROMPT> argument with -i -ins

For other parameters and how to use them, please refer to the llama.cpp documentation

How to run in text-generation-webui

Further instructions here: text-generation-webui/docs/llama.cpp.md.


For further support, and discussions on these models and AI in general, join us at:

TheBloke AI's Discord server

Thanks, and how to contribute.

Thanks to the chirper.ai team!

I've had a lot of people ask if they can contribute. I enjoy providing models and helping people, and would love to be able to spend even more time doing it, as well as expanding into new projects like fine tuning/training.

If you're able and willing to contribute it will be most gratefully received and will help me to keep providing more models, and to start work on new AI projects.

Donaters will get priority support on any and all AI/LLM/model questions and requests, access to a private Discord room, plus other benefits.

Special thanks to: Aemon Algiz.

Patreon special mentions: Russ Johnson, J, alfie_i, Alex, NimbleBox.ai, Chadd, Mandus, Nikolai Manek, Ken Nordquist, ya boyyy, Illia Dulskyi, Viktor Bowallius, vamX, Iucharbius, zynix, Magnesian, Clay Pascal, Pierre Kircher, Enrico Ros, Tony Hughes, Elle, Andrey, knownsqashed, Deep Realms, Jerry Meng, Lone Striker, Derek Yates, Pyrater, Mesiah Bishop, James Bentley, Femi Adebogun, Brandon Frisco, SuperWojo, Alps Aficionado, Michael Dempsey, Vitor Caleffi, Will Dee, Edmond Seymore, usrbinkat, LangChain4j, Kacper Wikieł, Luke Pendergrass, John Detwiler, theTransient, Nathan LeClaire, Tiffany J. Kim, biorpg, Eugene Pentland, Stanislav Ovsiannikov, Fred von Graf, terasurfer, Kalila, Dan Guido, Nitin Borwankar, 阿明, Ai Maven, John Villwock, Gabriel Puliatti, Stephen Murray, Asp the Wyvern, danny, Chris Smitley, ReadyPlayerEmma, S_X, Daniel P. Andersen, Olakabola, Jeffrey Morgan, Imad Khwaja, Caitlyn Gatomon, webtim, Alicia Loh, Trenton Dambrowitz, Swaroop Kallakuri, Erik Bjäreholt, Leonard Tan, Spiking Neurons AB, Luke @flexchar, Ajan Kanaga, Thomas Belote, Deo Leter, RoA, Willem Michiel, transmissions 11, subjectnull, Matthew Berman, Joseph William Delisle, David Ziegler, Michael Davis, Johann-Peter Hartmann, Talal Aujan, senxiiz, Artur Olbinski, Rainer Wilmers, Spencer Kim, Fen Risland, Cap'n Zoog, Rishabh Srivastava, Michael Levine, Geoffrey Montalvo, Sean Connelly, Alexandros Triantafyllidis, Pieter, Gabriel Tamborski, Sam, Subspace Studios, Junyu Yang, Pedro Madruga, Vadim, Cory Kujawski, K, Raven Klaugh, Randy H, Mano Prime, Sebastain Graf, Space Cruiser

Thank you to all my generous patrons and donaters!

And thank you again to a16z for their generous grant.

Original model card: Open-Orca's OpenOrca Platypus2 13B

🐋 The First OrcaPlatypus! 🐋



OpenOrca-Platypus2-13B is a merge of garage-bAInd/Platypus2-13B and Open-Orca/OpenOrcaxOpenChat-Preview2-13B.

This model is more than the sum of its parts! We are happy to be teaming up with the Platypus team to bring you a new model which once again tops the leaderboards!

Want to visualize our full (pre-filtering) dataset? Check out our Nomic Atlas Map.

Atlas Nomic Dataset Map

We are in-process with training more models, so keep a look out on our org for releases coming soon with exciting partners.

We will also give sneak-peak announcements on our Discord, which you can find here:



HuggingFace Leaderboard Performance

HF Leaderboard

Metric Value
MMLU (5-shot) 59.5
ARC (25-shot) 62.88
HellaSwag (10-shot) 83.19
TruthfulQA (0-shot) 52.69
Avg. 64.56

We use Language Model Evaluation Harness to run the benchmark tests above, using the same version as the HuggingFace LLM Leaderboard.

Please see below for detailed instructions on reproducing benchmark results.

AGIEval Performance

We compare our results to our base Preview2 model (using LM Evaluation Harness).

We find 112% of the base model's performance on AGI Eval, averaging 0.463. A large part of this boost is the substantial improvement to LSAT Logical Reasoning performance.

OpenOrca-Platypus2-13B AGIEval Performance

BigBench-Hard Performance

We compare our results to our base Preview2 model (using LM Evaluation Harness).

We find 105% of the base model's performance on BigBench-Hard, averaging 0.442.

OpenOrca-Platypus2-13B BigBench-Hard Performance

Model Details

  • Trained by: Platypus2-13B trained by Cole Hunter & Ariel Lee; OpenOrcaxOpenChat-Preview2-13B trained by Open-Orca
  • Model type: OpenOrca-Platypus2-13B is an auto-regressive language model based on the Lllama 2 transformer architecture.
  • Language(s): English
  • License for Platypus2-13B base weights: Non-Commercial Creative Commons license (CC BY-NC-4.0)
  • License for OpenOrcaxOpenChat-Preview2-13B base weights: Llama 2 Commercial


Prompt Template for base Platypus2-13B

### Instruction:

<prompt> (without the <>)

### Response:

Prompt Template for base OpenOrcaxOpenChat-Preview2-13B

OpenChat Llama2 V1: see OpenOrcaxOpenChat-Preview2-13B for additional information.


Training Datasets

garage-bAInd/Platypus2-13B trained using STEM and logic based dataset garage-bAInd/Open-Platypus.

Please see our paper and project webpage for additional information.

Open-Orca/OpenOrcaxOpenChat-Preview2-13B trained using a refined subset of most of the GPT-4 data from the OpenOrca dataset.

Training Procedure

Open-Orca/Platypus2-13B was instruction fine-tuned using LoRA on 1x A100-80GB. For training details and inference instructions please see the Platypus GitHub repo.


Reproducing Evaluation Results (for HuggingFace Leaderboard Eval)

Install LM Evaluation Harness:

# clone repository
git clone https://github.com/EleutherAI/lm-evaluation-harness.git
# change to repo directory
cd lm-evaluation-harness
# check out the correct commit
git checkout b281b0921b636bc36ad05c0b0b0763bd6dd43463
# install
pip install -e .

Each task was evaluated on a single A100-80GB GPU.


python main.py --model hf-causal-experimental --model_args pretrained=Open-Orca/OpenOrca-Platypus2-13B --tasks arc_challenge --batch_size 1 --no_cache --write_out --output_path results/OpenOrca-Platypus2-13B/arc_challenge_25shot.json --device cuda --num_fewshot 25


python main.py --model hf-causal-experimental --model_args pretrained=Open-Orca/OpenOrca-Platypus2-13B --tasks hellaswag --batch_size 1 --no_cache --write_out --output_path results/OpenOrca-Platypus2-13B/hellaswag_10shot.json --device cuda --num_fewshot 10


python main.py --model hf-causal-experimental --model_args pretrained=Open-Orca/OpenOrca-Platypus2-13B --tasks hendrycksTest-* --batch_size 1 --no_cache --write_out --output_path results/OpenOrca-Platypus2-13B/mmlu_5shot.json --device cuda --num_fewshot 5


python main.py --model hf-causal-experimental --model_args pretrained=Open-Orca/OpenOrca-Platypus2-13B --tasks truthfulqa_mc --batch_size 1 --no_cache --write_out --output_path results/OpenOrca-Platypus2-13B/truthfulqa_0shot.json --device cuda

Limitations and bias

Llama 2 and fine-tuned variants are a new technology that carries risks with use. Testing conducted to date has been in English, and has not covered, nor could it cover all scenarios. For these reasons, as with all LLMs, Llama 2 and any fine-tuned varient's potential outputs cannot be predicted in advance, and the model may in some instances produce inaccurate, biased or other objectionable responses to user prompts. Therefore, before deploying any applications of Llama 2 variants, developers should perform safety testing and tuning tailored to their specific applications of the model.

Please see the Responsible Use Guide available at https://ai.meta.com/llama/responsible-use-guide/


  title = {OpenOrcaPlatypus: Llama2-13B Model Instruct-tuned on Filtered OpenOrcaV1 GPT-4 Dataset and Merged with divergent STEM and Logic Dataset Model},
  author = {Ariel N. Lee and Cole J. Hunter and Nataniel Ruiz and Bleys Goodson and Wing Lian and Guan Wang and Eugene Pentland and Austin Cook and Chanvichet Vong and "Teknium"},
  year = {2023},
  publisher = {HuggingFace},
  journal = {HuggingFace repository},
  howpublished = {\url{https://huggingface.co/Open-Orca/OpenOrca-Platypus2-13B},
    title={Platypus: Quick, Cheap, and Powerful Refinement of LLMs}, 
    author={Ariel N. Lee and Cole J. Hunter and Nataniel Ruiz},
    booktitle={arXiv preprint arxiv:2308.07317},
  title = {OpenOrcaxOpenChatPreview2: Llama2-13B Model Instruct-tuned on Filtered OpenOrcaV1 GPT-4 Dataset},
  author = {Guan Wang and Bleys Goodson and Wing Lian and Eugene Pentland and Austin Cook and Chanvichet Vong and "Teknium"},
  year = {2023},
  publisher = {HuggingFace},
  journal = {HuggingFace repository},
  howpublished = {\url{https://https://huggingface.co/Open-Orca/OpenOrcaxOpenChat-Preview2-13B},
  title = {{OpenChat: Advancing Open-source Language Models with Imperfect Data}},
  author = {Wang, Guan and Cheng, Sijie and Yu, Qiying and Liu, Changling},
  doi = {10.5281/zenodo.8105775},
  url = {https://github.com/imoneoi/openchat},
  version = {pre-release},
  year = {2023},
  month = {7},
      title={Orca: Progressive Learning from Complex Explanation Traces of GPT-4}, 
      author={Subhabrata Mukherjee and Arindam Mitra and Ganesh Jawahar and Sahaj Agarwal and Hamid Palangi and Ahmed Awadallah},
    title={Llama 2: Open Foundation and Fine-Tuned Chat Models}, 
    author={Hugo Touvron and Louis Martin and Kevin Stone and Peter Albert and Amjad Almahairi and Yasmine Babaei and Nikolay Bashlykov and Soumya Batra and Prajjwal Bhargava and Shruti Bhosale and Dan Bikel and Lukas Blecher and Cristian Canton Ferrer and Moya Chen and Guillem Cucurull and David Esiobu and Jude Fernandes and Jeremy Fu and Wenyin Fu and Brian Fuller and Cynthia Gao and Vedanuj Goswami and Naman Goyal and Anthony Hartshorn and Saghar Hosseini and Rui Hou and Hakan Inan and Marcin Kardas and Viktor Kerkez and Madian Khabsa and Isabel Kloumann and Artem Korenev and Punit Singh Koura and Marie-Anne Lachaux and Thibaut Lavril and Jenya Lee and Diana Liskovich and Yinghai Lu and Yuning Mao and Xavier Martinet and Todor Mihaylov and Pushkar Mishra and Igor Molybog and Yixin Nie and Andrew Poulton and Jeremy Reizenstein and Rashi Rungta and Kalyan Saladi and Alan Schelten and Ruan Silva and Eric Michael Smith and Ranjan Subramanian and Xiaoqing Ellen Tan and Binh Tang and Ross Taylor and Adina Williams and Jian Xiang Kuan and Puxin Xu and Zheng Yan and Iliyan Zarov and Yuchen Zhang and Angela Fan and Melanie Kambadur and Sharan Narang and Aurelien Rodriguez and Robert Stojnic and Sergey Edunov and Thomas Scialom},
    eprint= arXiv 2307.09288
      title={The Flan Collection: Designing Data and Methods for Effective Instruction Tuning}, 
      author={Shayne Longpre and Le Hou and Tu Vu and Albert Webson and Hyung Won Chung and Yi Tay and Denny Zhou and Quoc V. Le and Barret Zoph and Jason Wei and Adam Roberts},
  title={LoRA: Low-Rank Adaptation of Large Language Models},
  author={Hu, Edward J. and Shen, Yelong and Wallis, Phillip and Allen-Zhu, Zeyuan and Li, Yuanzhi and Wang, Shean and Chen, Weizhu},
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Datasets used to train TheBloke/OpenOrca-Platypus2-13B-GGML