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opus-mt-tc-big-en-ar

Neural machine translation model for translating from English (en) to Arabic (ar).

This model is part of the OPUS-MT project, an effort to make neural machine translation models widely available and accessible for many languages in the world. All models are originally trained using the amazing framework of Marian NMT, an efficient NMT implementation written in pure C++. The models have been converted to pyTorch using the transformers library by huggingface. Training data is taken from OPUS and training pipelines use the procedures of OPUS-MT-train.

@inproceedings{tiedemann-thottingal-2020-opus,
    title = "{OPUS}-{MT} {--} Building open translation services for the World",
    author = {Tiedemann, J{\"o}rg  and Thottingal, Santhosh},
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the European Association for Machine Translation",
    month = nov,
    year = "2020",
    address = "Lisboa, Portugal",
    publisher = "European Association for Machine Translation",
    url = "https://aclanthology.org/2020.eamt-1.61",
    pages = "479--480",
}

@inproceedings{tiedemann-2020-tatoeba,
    title = "The Tatoeba Translation Challenge {--} Realistic Data Sets for Low Resource and Multilingual {MT}",
    author = {Tiedemann, J{\"o}rg},
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Machine Translation",
    month = nov,
    year = "2020",
    address = "Online",
    publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
    url = "https://aclanthology.org/2020.wmt-1.139",
    pages = "1174--1182",
}

Model info

This is a multilingual translation model with multiple target languages. A sentence initial language token is required in the form of >>id<< (id = valid target language ID), e.g. >>afb<<

Usage

A short example code:

from transformers import MarianMTModel, MarianTokenizer

src_text = [
    ">>ara<< I can't help you because I'm busy.",
    ">>ara<< I have to write a letter. Do you have some paper?"
]

model_name = "pytorch-models/opus-mt-tc-big-en-ar"
tokenizer = MarianTokenizer.from_pretrained(model_name)
model = MarianMTModel.from_pretrained(model_name)
translated = model.generate(**tokenizer(src_text, return_tensors="pt", padding=True))

for t in translated:
    print( tokenizer.decode(t, skip_special_tokens=True) )

# expected output:
#     لا أستطيع مساعدتك لأنني مشغول.
#     يجب أن أكتب رسالة هل لديك بعض الأوراق؟

You can also use OPUS-MT models with the transformers pipelines, for example:

from transformers import pipeline
pipe = pipeline("translation", model="Helsinki-NLP/opus-mt-tc-big-en-ar")
print(pipe(">>ara<< I can't help you because I'm busy."))

# expected output: لا أستطيع مساعدتك لأنني مشغول.

Benchmarks

langpair testset chr-F BLEU #sent #words
eng-ara tatoeba-test-v2021-08-07 0.48813 19.8 10305 61356
eng-ara flores101-devtest 0.61154 29.4 1012 21357
eng-ara tico19-test 0.60075 30.0 2100 51339

Acknowledgements

The work is supported by the European Language Grid as pilot project 2866, by the FoTran project, funded by the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 771113), and the MeMAD project, funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under grant agreement No 780069. We are also grateful for the generous computational resources and IT infrastructure provided by CSC -- IT Center for Science, Finland.

Model conversion info

  • transformers version: 4.16.2
  • OPUS-MT git hash: 3405783
  • port time: Wed Apr 13 16:37:31 EEST 2022
  • port machine: LM0-400-22516.local
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