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Model Details

We introduce Llama3-ChatQA-1.5, which excels at conversational question answering (QA) and retrieval-augmented generation (RAG). Llama3-ChatQA-1.5 is developed using an improved training recipe from ChatQA paper, and it is built on top of Llama-3 base model. Specifically, we incorporate more conversational QA data to enhance its tabular and arithmetic calculation capability. Llama3-ChatQA-1.5 has two variants: Llama3-ChatQA-1.5-8B and Llama3-ChatQA-1.5-70B. Both models were originally trained using Megatron-LM, we converted the checkpoints to Hugging Face format. For more information about ChatQA, check the website!

Other Resources

Llama3-ChatQA-1.5-8B   Evaluation Data   Training Data   Retriever   Website   Paper

Benchmark Results

Results in ChatRAG Bench are as follows:

ChatQA-1.0-7B Command-R-Plus Llama3-instruct-70b GPT-4-0613 GPT-4-Turbo ChatQA-1.0-70B ChatQA-1.5-8B ChatQA-1.5-70B
Doc2Dial 37.88 33.51 37.88 34.16 35.35 38.90 39.33 41.26
QuAC 29.69 34.16 36.96 40.29 40.10 41.82 39.73 38.82
QReCC 46.97 49.77 51.34 52.01 51.46 48.05 49.03 51.40
CoQA 76.61 69.71 76.98 77.42 77.73 78.57 76.46 78.44
DoQA 41.57 40.67 41.24 43.39 41.60 51.94 49.60 50.67
ConvFinQA 51.61 71.21 76.6 81.28 84.16 73.69 78.46 81.88
SQA 61.87 74.07 69.61 79.21 79.98 69.14 73.28 83.82
TopioCQA 45.45 53.77 49.72 45.09 48.32 50.98 49.96 55.63
HybriDial* 54.51 46.7 48.59 49.81 47.86 56.44 65.76 68.27
INSCIT 30.96 35.76 36.23 36.34 33.75 31.90 30.10 32.31
Average (all) 47.71 50.93 52.52 53.90 54.03 54.14 55.17 58.25
Average (exclude HybriDial) 46.96 51.40 52.95 54.35 54.72 53.89 53.99 57.14

Note that ChatQA-1.5 is built based on Llama-3 base model, and ChatQA-1.0 is built based on Llama-2 base model. ChatQA-1.5 models use HybriDial training dataset. To ensure fair comparison, we also compare average scores excluding HybriDial. The data and evaluation scripts for ChatRAG Bench can be found here.

Prompt Format

We highly recommend that you use the prompt format we provide, as follows:

when context is available

System: {System}

{Context}

User: {Question}

Assistant: {Response}

User: {Question}

Assistant:

when context is not available

System: {System}

User: {Question}

Assistant: {Response}

User: {Question}

Assistant:

The content of the system's turn (i.e., {System}) for both scenarios is as follows:

This is a chat between a user and an artificial intelligence assistant. The assistant gives helpful, detailed, and polite answers to the user's questions based on the context. The assistant should also indicate when the answer cannot be found in the context.

Note that our ChatQA-1.5 models are optimized for the capability with context, e.g., over documents or retrieved context.

How to use

take the whole document as context

This can be applied to the scenario where the whole document can be fitted into the model, so that there is no need to run retrieval over the document.

from transformers import AutoTokenizer, AutoModelForCausalLM
import torch

model_id = "nvidia/Llama3-ChatQA-1.5-70B"

tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained(model_id)
model = AutoModelForCausalLM.from_pretrained(model_id, torch_dtype=torch.float16, device_map="auto")

messages = [
    {"role": "user", "content": "what is the percentage change of the net income from Q4 FY23 to Q4 FY24?"}
]

document = """NVIDIA (NASDAQ: NVDA) today reported revenue for the fourth quarter ended January 28, 2024, of $22.1 billion, up 22% from the previous quarter and up 265% from a year ago.\nFor the quarter, GAAP earnings per diluted share was $4.93, up 33% from the previous quarter and up 765% from a year ago. Non-GAAP earnings per diluted share was $5.16, up 28% from the previous quarter and up 486% from a year ago.\nQ4 Fiscal 2024 Summary\nGAAP\n| $ in millions, except earnings per share | Q4 FY24 | Q3 FY24 | Q4 FY23 | Q/Q | Y/Y |\n| Revenue | $22,103 | $18,120 | $6,051 | Up 22% | Up 265% |\n| Gross margin | 76.0% | 74.0% | 63.3% | Up 2.0 pts | Up 12.7 pts |\n| Operating expenses | $3,176 | $2,983 | $2,576 | Up 6% | Up 23% |\n| Operating income | $13,615 | $10,417 | $1,257 | Up 31% | Up 983% |\n| Net income | $12,285 | $9,243 | $1,414 | Up 33% | Up 769% |\n| Diluted earnings per share | $4.93 | $3.71 | $0.57 | Up 33% | Up 765% |"""

def get_formatted_input(messages, context):
    system = "System: This is a chat between a user and an artificial intelligence assistant. The assistant gives helpful, detailed, and polite answers to the user's questions based on the context. The assistant should also indicate when the answer cannot be found in the context."
    instruction = "Please give a full and complete answer for the question."

    for item in messages:
        if item['role'] == "user":
            ## only apply this instruction for the first user turn
            item['content'] = instruction + " " + item['content']
            break

    conversation = '\n\n'.join(["User: " + item["content"] if item["role"] == "user" else "Assistant: " + item["content"] for item in messages]) + "\n\nAssistant:"
    formatted_input = system + "\n\n" + context + "\n\n" + conversation
    
    return formatted_input

formatted_input = get_formatted_input(messages, document)
tokenized_prompt = tokenizer(tokenizer.bos_token + formatted_input, return_tensors="pt").to(model.device)

terminators = [
    tokenizer.eos_token_id,
    tokenizer.convert_tokens_to_ids("<|eot_id|>")
]

outputs = model.generate(input_ids=tokenized_prompt.input_ids, attention_mask=tokenized_prompt.attention_mask, max_new_tokens=128, eos_token_id=terminators)

response = outputs[0][tokenized_prompt.input_ids.shape[-1]:]
print(tokenizer.decode(response, skip_special_tokens=True))

run retrieval to get top-n chunks as context

This can be applied to the scenario when the document is very long, so that it is necessary to run retrieval. Here, we use our Dragon-multiturn retriever which can handle conversatinoal query. In addition, we provide a few documents for users to play with.

from transformers import AutoTokenizer, AutoModelForCausalLM, AutoModel
import torch
import json

## load ChatQA-1.5 tokenizer and model
model_id = "nvidia/Llama3-ChatQA-1.5-70B"
tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained(model_id)
model = AutoModelForCausalLM.from_pretrained(model_id, torch_dtype=torch.float16, device_map="auto")

## load retriever tokenizer and model
retriever_tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained('nvidia/dragon-multiturn-query-encoder')
query_encoder = AutoModel.from_pretrained('nvidia/dragon-multiturn-query-encoder')
context_encoder = AutoModel.from_pretrained('nvidia/dragon-multiturn-context-encoder')

## prepare documents, we take landrover car manual document that we provide as an example
chunk_list = json.load(open("docs.json"))['landrover']

messages = [
    {"role": "user", "content": "how to connect the bluetooth in the car?"}
]

### running retrieval
## convert query into a format as follows:
## user: {user}\nagent: {agent}\nuser: {user}
formatted_query_for_retriever = '\n'.join([turn['role'] + ": " + turn['content'] for turn in messages]).strip()

query_input = retriever_tokenizer(formatted_query_for_retriever, return_tensors='pt')
ctx_input = retriever_tokenizer(chunk_list, padding=True, truncation=True, max_length=512, return_tensors='pt')
query_emb = query_encoder(**query_input).last_hidden_state[:, 0, :]
ctx_emb = context_encoder(**ctx_input).last_hidden_state[:, 0, :]

## Compute similarity scores using dot product and rank the similarity
similarities = query_emb.matmul(ctx_emb.transpose(0, 1)) # (1, num_ctx)
ranked_results = torch.argsort(similarities, dim=-1, descending=True) # (1, num_ctx)

## get top-n chunks (n=5)
retrieved_chunks = [chunk_list[idx] for idx in ranked_results.tolist()[0][:5]]
context = "\n\n".join(retrieved_chunks)

### running text generation
formatted_input = get_formatted_input(messages, context)
tokenized_prompt = tokenizer(tokenizer.bos_token + formatted_input, return_tensors="pt").to(model.device)

terminators = [
    tokenizer.eos_token_id,
    tokenizer.convert_tokens_to_ids("<|eot_id|>")
]
outputs = model.generate(input_ids=tokenized_prompt.input_ids, attention_mask=tokenized_prompt.attention_mask, max_new_tokens=128, eos_token_id=terminators)

response = outputs[0][tokenized_prompt.input_ids.shape[-1]:]
print(tokenizer.decode(response, skip_special_tokens=True))

Correspondence to

Zihan Liu (zihanl@nvidia.com), Wei Ping (wping@nvidia.com)

Citation

@article{liu2024chatqa,
  title={ChatQA: Surpassing GPT-4 on Conversational QA and RAG},
  author={Liu, Zihan and Ping, Wei and Roy, Rajarshi and Xu, Peng and Lee, Chankyu and Shoeybi, Mohammad and Catanzaro, Bryan},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:2401.10225},
  year={2024}}

License

The use of this model is governed by the META LLAMA 3 COMMUNITY LICENSE AGREEMENT

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