Turkish AI Writer based on GPT2-Small

Türkçe Yapay Zeka Yazarı

Model description

This model is enhanced version of gpt2-small-turkish finetuned version. In addition to 28-10-2020 Wikipedia Turkish article dump this model is trained with more than 400 classic novels and plays in Turkish (Including Dostoyevski, Shaekspeare, Dumas)

Base work has been done on Pierre Guillou tutorial as on this page. (

Note that Since Turkish language is not close to English as in Porteguese instead of training last 2 layers, last 3 layers are trained.

Code is converted to work with Fastai 2.X . Using Google Colab for training.

Current accuracy 36.3 % , Perplexity : 44.75

Demo (using CPU inference) is available on:

Models are available:

Intended uses & limitations

How to use


from transformers import AutoTokenizer, AutoModelWithLMHead
import torch

tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained("gorkemgoknar/gpt2-turkish-writer")
model = AutoModelWithLMHead.from_pretrained("gorkemgoknar/gpt2-turkish-writer")

# Get sequence length max of 1024

model.eval()  # disable dropout (or leave in train mode to finetune)

Generate 1 word

# input sequence
text = "Bu yazıyı bilgisayar yazdı."
inputs = tokenizer(text, return_tensors="pt") 

# model output
outputs = model(**inputs, labels=inputs["input_ids"])
loss, logits = outputs[:2]
predicted_index = torch.argmax(logits[0, -1, :]).item()
predicted_text = tokenizer.decode([predicted_index])

# results
print('input text:', text)
print('predicted text:', predicted_text)

# input text: 
# predicted text:  

Generate Full Sequence

# input sequence
text = "Bu yazıyı bilgisayar yazdı."
inputs = tokenizer(text, return_tensors="pt")

# model output using Top-k sampling text generation method
sample_outputs = model.generate(inputs.input_ids,
                                max_length=50, # put the token number you want

# generated sequence
for i, sample_output in enumerate(sample_outputs):
    print(">> Generated text {}\n\n{}".format(i+1, tokenizer.decode(sample_output.tolist())))

# >> Generated text

Limitations and bias

The training data used for this model come from Turkish Wikipedia and books. We know it contains a lot of unfiltered content from the internet, which is far from neutral. Also not much pre-processing was done on books hence chapter names and page numbers can be seen on some cases. This is a work in progress.

Training data

Wikipedia Turkish article dump as of 28-10-2020 Turkish book dataset of >400 classic novels

Training procedure

Eval results

epoch train_loss valid_loss accuracy perplexity time
0 4.497828 4.549605 0.277328 94.595070 2:09:58
1 4.503929 4.519456 0.275071 91.785645 2:04:30
2 3.612716 3.921146 0.344802 50.458256 2:03:22
3 3.777645 4.072006 0.326130 58.674530 1:56:14
4 2.934462 3.801303 0.363719 44.759476 1:58:55

Note: 1cycle rule training is used and epochs are at different times

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