Transformers documentation

BLIP-2

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BLIP-2

Overview

The BLIP-2 model was proposed in BLIP-2: Bootstrapping Language-Image Pre-training with Frozen Image Encoders and Large Language Models by Junnan Li, Dongxu Li, Silvio Savarese, Steven Hoi. BLIP-2 leverages frozen pre-trained image encoders and large language models (LLMs) by training a lightweight, 12-layer Transformer encoder in between them, achieving state-of-the-art performance on various vision-language tasks. Most notably, BLIP-2 improves upon Flamingo, an 80 billion parameter model, by 8.7% on zero-shot VQAv2 with 54x fewer trainable parameters.

The abstract from the paper is the following:

The cost of vision-and-language pre-training has become increasingly prohibitive due to end-to-end training of large-scale models. This paper proposes BLIP-2, a generic and efficient pre-training strategy that bootstraps vision-language pre-training from off-the-shelf frozen pre-trained image encoders and frozen large language models. BLIP-2 bridges the modality gap with a lightweight Querying Transformer, which is pre-trained in two stages. The first stage bootstraps vision-language representation learning from a frozen image encoder. The second stage bootstraps vision-to-language generative learning from a frozen language model. BLIP-2 achieves state-of-the-art performance on various vision-language tasks, despite having significantly fewer trainable parameters than existing methods. For example, our model outperforms Flamingo80B by 8.7% on zero-shot VQAv2 with 54x fewer trainable parameters. We also demonstrate the model’s emerging capabilities of zero-shot image-to-text generation that can follow natural language instructions.

Tips:

  • BLIP-2 can be used for conditional text generation given an image and an optional text prompt. At inference time, it’s recommended to use the generate method.
  • One can use Blip2Processor to prepare images for the model, and decode the predicted tokens ID’s back to text.
drawing BLIP-2 architecture. Taken from the original paper.

This model was contributed by nielsr. The original code can be found here.

Resources

A list of official Hugging Face and community (indicated by 🌎) resources to help you get started with BLIP-2.

  • Demo notebooks for BLIP-2 for image captioning, visual question answering (VQA) and chat-like conversations can be found here.

If you’re interested in submitting a resource to be included here, please feel free to open a Pull Request and we’ll review it! The resource should ideally demonstrate something new instead of duplicating an existing resource.

Blip2Config

class transformers.Blip2Config

< >

( vision_config = None qformer_config = None text_config = None num_query_tokens = 32 **kwargs )

Parameters

  • vision_config (dict, optional) — Dictionary of configuration options used to initialize Blip2VisionConfig.
  • qformer_config (dict, optional) — Dictionary of configuration options used to initialize Blip2QFormerConfig.
  • text_config (dict, optional) — Dictionary of configuration options used to initialize any PretrainedConfig.
  • num_query_tokens (int, optional, defaults to 32) — The number of query tokens passed through the Transformer.
  • kwargs (optional) — Dictionary of keyword arguments.

Blip2Config is the configuration class to store the configuration of a Blip2ForConditionalGeneration. It is used to instantiate a BLIP-2 model according to the specified arguments, defining the vision model, Q-Former model and language model configs. Instantiating a configuration with the defaults will yield a similar configuration to that of the BLIP-2 Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b architecture.

Configuration objects inherit from PretrainedConfig and can be used to control the model outputs. Read the documentation from PretrainedConfig for more information.

Example:

>>> from transformers import (
...     Blip2VisionConfig,
...     Blip2QFormerConfig,
...     OPTConfig,
...     Blip2Config,
...     Blip2ForConditionalGeneration,
... )

>>> # Initializing a Blip2Config with Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b style configuration
>>> configuration = Blip2Config()

>>> # Initializing a Blip2ForConditionalGeneration (with random weights) from the Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b style configuration
>>> model = Blip2ForConditionalGeneration(configuration)

>>> # Accessing the model configuration
>>> configuration = model.config

>>> # We can also initialize a Blip2Config from a Blip2VisionConfig, Blip2QFormerConfig and any PretrainedConfig

>>> # Initializing BLIP-2 vision, BLIP-2 Q-Former and language model configurations
>>> vision_config = Blip2VisionConfig()
>>> qformer_config = Blip2QFormerConfig()
>>> text_config = OPTConfig()

>>> config = Blip2Config.from_text_vision_configs(vision_config, qformer_config, text_config)

from_vision_qformer_text_configs

< >

( vision_config: Blip2VisionConfig qformer_config: Blip2QFormerConfig text_config: PretrainedConfig **kwargs ) Blip2Config

Returns

Blip2Config

An instance of a configuration object

Instantiate a Blip2Config (or a derived class) from a BLIP-2 vision model, Q-Former and language model configurations.

Blip2VisionConfig

class transformers.Blip2VisionConfig

< >

( hidden_size = 1408 intermediate_size = 6144 projection_dim = 512 num_hidden_layers = 39 num_attention_heads = 16 num_channels = 3 image_size = 224 patch_size = 14 hidden_act = 'gelu' layer_norm_eps = 1e-05 dropout = 0.0 attention_dropout = 0.0 initializer_range = 1e-10 initializer_factor = 1.0 qkv_bias = True **kwargs )

Parameters

  • hidden_size (int, optional, defaults to 1408) — Dimensionality of the encoder layers and the pooler layer.
  • intermediate_size (int, optional, defaults to 6144) — Dimensionality of the “intermediate” (i.e., feed-forward) layer in the Transformer encoder.
  • num_hidden_layers (int, optional, defaults to 39) — Number of hidden layers in the Transformer encoder.
  • num_attention_heads (int, optional, defaults to 16) — Number of attention heads for each attention layer in the Transformer encoder.
  • image_size (int, optional, defaults to 224) — The size (resolution) of each image.
  • patch_size (int, optional, defaults to 14) — The size (resolution) of each patch.
  • hidden_act (str or function, optional, defaults to "gelu") — The non-linear activation function (function or string) in the encoder and pooler. If string, "gelu", "relu", "selu" and "gelu_new" `"gelu" are supported. layer_norm_eps (float, optional, defaults to 1e-5): The epsilon used by the layer normalization layers.
  • dropout (float, optional, defaults to 0.0) — The dropout probabilitiy for all fully connected layers in the embeddings, encoder, and pooler.
  • attention_dropout (float, optional, defaults to 0.0) — The dropout ratio for the attention probabilities.
  • initializer_range (float, optional, defaults to 0.02) — The standard deviation of the truncated_normal_initializer for initializing all weight matrices.
  • initializer_factor (`float“, optional, defaults to 1) — A factor for initializing all weight matrices (should be kept to 1, used internally for initialization testing).
  • qkv_bias (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether to add a bias to the queries and values in the self-attention layers.

This is the configuration class to store the configuration of a Blip2VisionModel. It is used to instantiate a BLIP-2 vision encoder according to the specified arguments, defining the model architecture. Instantiating a configuration defaults will yield a similar configuration to that of the BLIP-2 Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b architecture.

Configuration objects inherit from PretrainedConfig and can be used to control the model outputs. Read the documentation from PretrainedConfig for more information.

Example:

>>> from transformers import Blip2VisionConfig, Blip2VisionModel

>>> # Initializing a Blip2VisionConfig with Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b style configuration
>>> configuration = Blip2VisionConfig()

>>> # Initializing a Blip2VisionModel (with random weights) from the Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b style configuration
>>> model = Blip2VisionModel(configuration)

>>> # Accessing the model configuration
>>> configuration = model.config

Blip2QFormerConfig

class transformers.Blip2QFormerConfig

< >

( vocab_size = 30522 hidden_size = 768 num_hidden_layers = 12 num_attention_heads = 12 intermediate_size = 3072 hidden_act = 'gelu' hidden_dropout_prob = 0.1 attention_probs_dropout_prob = 0.1 max_position_embeddings = 512 initializer_range = 0.02 layer_norm_eps = 1e-12 pad_token_id = 0 position_embedding_type = 'absolute' classifier_dropout = None cross_attention_frequency = 2 encoder_hidden_size = 1408 **kwargs )

Parameters

  • vocab_size (int, optional, defaults to 30522) — Vocabulary size of the Q-Former model. Defines the number of different tokens that can be represented by the inputs_ids passed when calling the model.
  • hidden_size (int, optional, defaults to 768) — Dimensionality of the encoder layers and the pooler layer.
  • num_hidden_layers (int, optional, defaults to 12) — Number of hidden layers in the Transformer encoder.
  • num_attention_heads (int, optional, defaults to 12) — Number of attention heads for each attention layer in the Transformer encoder.
  • intermediate_size (int, optional, defaults to 3072) — Dimensionality of the “intermediate” (often named feed-forward) layer in the Transformer encoder.
  • hidden_act (str or Callable, optional, defaults to "gelu") — The non-linear activation function (function or string) in the encoder and pooler. If string, "gelu", "relu", "silu" and "gelu_new" are supported.
  • hidden_dropout_prob (float, optional, defaults to 0.1) — The dropout probability for all fully connected layers in the embeddings, encoder, and pooler.
  • attention_probs_dropout_prob (float, optional, defaults to 0.1) — The dropout ratio for the attention probabilities.
  • max_position_embeddings (int, optional, defaults to 512) — The maximum sequence length that this model might ever be used with. Typically set this to something large just in case (e.g., 512 or 1024 or 2048).
  • initializer_range (float, optional, defaults to 0.02) — The standard deviation of the truncated_normal_initializer for initializing all weight matrices.
  • layer_norm_eps (float, optional, defaults to 1e-12) — The epsilon used by the layer normalization layers.
  • position_embedding_type (str, optional, defaults to "absolute") — Type of position embedding. Choose one of "absolute", "relative_key", "relative_key_query". For positional embeddings use "absolute". For more information on "relative_key", please refer to Self-Attention with Relative Position Representations (Shaw et al.). For more information on "relative_key_query", please refer to Method 4 in Improve Transformer Models with Better Relative Position Embeddings (Huang et al.).
  • classifier_dropout (float, optional) — The dropout ratio for the classification head.
  • cross_attention_frequency (int, optional, defaults to 2) — The frequency of adding cross-attention to the Transformer layers.
  • encoder_hidden_size (int, optional, defaults to 1408) — The hidden size of the hidden states for cross-attention.

This is the configuration class to store the configuration of a Blip2QFormerModel. It is used to instantiate a BLIP-2 Querying Transformer (Q-Former) model according to the specified arguments, defining the model architecture. Instantiating a configuration with the defaults will yield a similar configuration to that of the BLIP-2 Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b architecture. Configuration objects inherit from PretrainedConfig and can be used to control the model outputs. Read the documentation from PretrainedConfig for more information.

Note that Blip2QFormerModel is very similar to BertLMHeadModel with interleaved cross-attention.

Examples:

>>> from transformers import Blip2QFormerConfig, Blip2QFormerModel

>>> # Initializing a BLIP-2 Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b style configuration
>>> configuration = Blip2QFormerConfig()

>>> # Initializing a model (with random weights) from the Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b style configuration
>>> model = Blip2QFormerModel(configuration)
>>> # Accessing the model configuration
>>> configuration = model.config

Blip2Processor

class transformers.Blip2Processor

< >

( image_processor tokenizer )

Parameters

  • image_processor (BlipImageProcessor) — An instance of BlipImageProcessor. The image processor is a required input.
  • tokenizer (AutoTokenizer) — An instance of [‘PreTrainedTokenizer`]. The tokenizer is a required input.

Constructs a BLIP-2 processor which wraps a BLIP image processor and an OPT/T5 tokenizer into a single processor.

BlipProcessor offers all the functionalities of BlipImageProcessor and AutoTokenizer. See the docstring of __call__() and decode() for more information.

batch_decode

< >

( *args **kwargs )

This method forwards all its arguments to PreTrainedTokenizer’s batch_decode(). Please refer to the docstring of this method for more information.

decode

< >

( *args **kwargs )

This method forwards all its arguments to PreTrainedTokenizer’s decode(). Please refer to the docstring of this method for more information.

Blip2VisionModel

class transformers.Blip2VisionModel

< >

( config: Blip2VisionConfig )

forward

< >

( pixel_values: typing.Optional[torch.FloatTensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None ) transformers.modeling_outputs.BaseModelOutputWithPooling or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • pixel_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — Pixel values. Pixel values can be obtained using Blip2Processor. See Blip2Processor.__call__() for details.
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

A transformers.modeling_outputs.BaseModelOutputWithPooling or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (<class 'transformers.models.blip_2.configuration_blip_2.Blip2VisionConfig'>) and inputs.

  • last_hidden_state (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size)) — Sequence of hidden-states at the output of the last layer of the model.

  • pooler_output (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, hidden_size)) — Last layer hidden-state of the first token of the sequence (classification token) after further processing through the layers used for the auxiliary pretraining task. E.g. for BERT-family of models, this returns the classification token after processing through a linear layer and a tanh activation function. The linear layer weights are trained from the next sentence prediction (classification) objective during pretraining.

  • hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings, if the model has an embedding layer, + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the optional initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The Blip2VisionModel forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Blip2QFormerModel

class transformers.Blip2QFormerModel

< >

( config: Blip2QFormerConfig )

Querying Transformer (Q-Former), used in BLIP-2.

forward

< >

( query_embeds attention_mask = None head_mask = None encoder_hidden_states = None encoder_attention_mask = None past_key_values = None use_cache = None output_attentions = None output_hidden_states = None return_dict = None )

encoder_hidden_states (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size), optional): Sequence of hidden-states at the output of the last layer of the encoder. Used in the cross-attention if the model is configured as a decoder. encoder_attention_mask (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional): Mask to avoid performing attention on the padding token indices of the encoder input. This mask is used in the cross-attention if the model is configured as a decoder. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

  • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
  • 0 for tokens that are masked. past_key_values (tuple(tuple(torch.FloatTensor)) of length config.n_layers with each tuple having 4 tensors of: shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length - 1, embed_size_per_head)): Contains precomputed key and value hidden states of the attention blocks. Can be used to speed up decoding. If past_key_values are used, the user can optionally input only the last decoder_input_ids (those that don’t have their past key value states given to this model) of shape (batch_size, 1) instead of all decoder_input_ids of shape (batch_size, sequence_length). use_cache (bool, optional): If set to True, past_key_values key value states are returned and can be used to speed up decoding (see past_key_values).

Blip2Model

class transformers.Blip2Model

< >

( config: Blip2Config )

Parameters

  • config (Blip2Config) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

BLIP-2 Model for generating text and image features. The model consists of a vision encoder, Querying Transformer (Q-Former) and a language model.

This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a PyTorch torch.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( pixel_values: FloatTensor input_ids: FloatTensor attention_mask: typing.Optional[torch.LongTensor] = None decoder_input_ids: typing.Optional[torch.LongTensor] = None decoder_attention_mask: typing.Optional[torch.LongTensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None labels: typing.Optional[torch.LongTensor] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None ) transformers.models.blip_2.modeling_blip_2.Blip2ForConditionalGenerationModelOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • pixel_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — Pixel values. Pixel values can be obtained using Blip2Processor. See Blip2Processor.__call__() for details.
  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary of the language model. Input tokens can optionally be provided to serve as text prompt, which the language model can continue.

    Indices can be obtained using Blip2Processor. See Blip2Processor.__call__() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (torch.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

  • decoder_input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, target_sequence_length), optional) — Indices of decoder input sequence tokens in the vocabulary of the language model. Only relevant in case an encoder-decoder language model (like T5) is used.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details. What are decoder input IDs?

  • decoder_attention_mask (torch.BoolTensor of shape (batch_size, target_sequence_length), optional) — Default behavior: generate a tensor that ignores pad tokens in decoder_input_ids. Causal mask will also be used by default.

    Only relevant in case an encoder-decoder language model (like T5) is used.

  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

Returns

transformers.models.blip_2.modeling_blip_2.Blip2ForConditionalGenerationModelOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.models.blip_2.modeling_blip_2.Blip2ForConditionalGenerationModelOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (<class 'transformers.models.blip_2.configuration_blip_2.Blip2VisionConfig'>) and inputs.

  • loss (torch.FloatTensor, optional, returned when labels is provided, torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,)) — Language modeling loss from the language model.
  • logits (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.vocab_size)) — Prediction scores of the language modeling head of the language model.
  • vision_outputs (BaseModelOutputWithPooling) — Outputs of the vision encoder.
  • qformer_outputs (BaseModelOutputWithPoolingAndCrossAttentions) — Outputs of the Q-Former (Querying Transformer).
  • language_model_outputs (CausalLMOutputWithPast or Seq2SeqLMOutput) — Outputs of the language model.

The Blip2Model forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Examples:

>>> from PIL import Image
>>> import requests
>>> from transformers import Blip2Processor, Blip2Model
>>> import torch

>>> device = "cuda" if torch.cuda.is_available() else "cpu"

>>> processor = Blip2Processor.from_pretrained("Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b")
>>> model = Blip2Model.from_pretrained("Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b", torch_dtype=torch.float16)
>>> model.to(device)
>>> url = "http://images.cocodataset.org/val2017/000000039769.jpg"
>>> image = Image.open(requests.get(url, stream=True).raw)

>>> prompt = "Question: how many cats are there? Answer:"
>>> inputs = processor(images=image, text=prompt, return_tensors="pt").to(device, torch.float16)

>>> outputs = model(**inputs)

get_text_features

< >

( input_ids: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None attention_mask: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None decoder_input_ids: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None decoder_attention_mask: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None labels: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None ) text_outputs (CausalLMOutputWithPast, or tuple(torch.FloatTensor) if return_dict=False)

Parameters

  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary. Padding will be ignored by default should you provide it. Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details. What are input IDs?
  • attention_mask (torch.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

  • decoder_input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, target_sequence_length), optional) — Indices of decoder input sequence tokens in the vocabulary.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    What are decoder input IDs?

    T5 uses the pad_token_id as the starting token for decoder_input_ids generation. If past_key_values is used, optionally only the last decoder_input_ids have to be input (see past_key_values).

    To know more on how to prepare decoder_input_ids for pretraining take a look at T5 Training.

  • decoder_attention_mask (torch.BoolTensor of shape (batch_size, target_sequence_length), optional) — Default behavior: generate a tensor that ignores pad tokens in decoder_input_ids. Causal mask will also be used by default.
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

Returns

text_outputs (CausalLMOutputWithPast, or tuple(torch.FloatTensor) if return_dict=False)

The language model outputs. If return_dict=True, the output is a CausalLMOutputWithPast that contains the language model logits, the past key values and the hidden states if output_hidden_states=True.

The Blip2Model forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Examples:

>>> import torch
>>> from transformers import AutoTokenizer, Blip2Model

>>> device = "cuda" if torch.cuda.is_available() else "cpu"

>>> model = Blip2Model.from_pretrained("Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b", torch_dtype=torch.float16)

>>> model.to(device)
>>> tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained("Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b")
>>> inputs = tokenizer(["a photo of a cat", "a photo of a dog"], padding=True, return_tensors="pt").to(device)
>>> text_features = model.get_text_features(**inputs)

get_image_features

< >

( pixel_values: typing.Optional[torch.FloatTensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None ) vision_outputs (BaseModelOutputWithPooling or tuple of torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • pixel_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — Pixel values. Pixel values can be obtained using Blip2Processor. See Blip2Processor.__call__() for details.
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

Returns

vision_outputs (BaseModelOutputWithPooling or tuple of torch.FloatTensor)

The vision model outputs. If return_dict=True, the output is a BaseModelOutputWithPooling that contains the image features, the pooled image features and the hidden states if output_hidden_states=True.

The Blip2Model forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Examples:

>>> import torch
>>> from PIL import Image
>>> import requests
>>> from transformers import AutoProcessor, Blip2Model

>>> device = "cuda" if torch.cuda.is_available() else "cpu"

>>> model = Blip2Model.from_pretrained("Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b", torch_dtype=torch.float16)

>>> model.to(device)
>>> processor = AutoProcessor.from_pretrained("Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b")
>>> url = "http://images.cocodataset.org/val2017/000000039769.jpg"
>>> image = Image.open(requests.get(url, stream=True).raw)
>>> inputs = processor(images=image, return_tensors="pt").to(device, torch.float16)
>>> image_outputs = model.get_image_features(**inputs)

get_qformer_features

< >

( pixel_values: typing.Optional[torch.FloatTensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None ) vision_outputs (BaseModelOutputWithPooling or tuple of torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • pixel_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — Pixel values. Pixel values can be obtained using Blip2Processor. See Blip2Processor.__call__() for details.
  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary of the language model. Input tokens can optionally be provided to serve as text prompt, which the language model can continue.

    Indices can be obtained using Blip2Processor. See Blip2Processor.__call__() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (torch.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

  • decoder_input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, target_sequence_length), optional) — Indices of decoder input sequence tokens in the vocabulary of the language model. Only relevant in case an encoder-decoder language model (like T5) is used.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details. What are decoder input IDs?

  • decoder_attention_mask (torch.BoolTensor of shape (batch_size, target_sequence_length), optional) — Default behavior: generate a tensor that ignores pad tokens in decoder_input_ids. Causal mask will also be used by default.

    Only relevant in case an encoder-decoder language model (like T5) is used.

  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

Returns

vision_outputs (BaseModelOutputWithPooling or tuple of torch.FloatTensor)

The vision model outputs. If return_dict=True, the output is a BaseModelOutputWithPooling that contains the image features, the pooled image features and the hidden states if output_hidden_states=True.

The Blip2Model forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Examples:

>>> import torch
>>> from PIL import Image
>>> import requests
>>> from transformers import Blip2Processor, Blip2Model

>>> device = "cuda" if torch.cuda.is_available() else "cpu"

>>> processor = Blip2Processor.from_pretrained("Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b")
>>> model = Blip2Model.from_pretrained("Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b", torch_dtype=torch.float16)
>>> model.to(device)
>>> url = "http://images.cocodataset.org/val2017/000000039769.jpg"
>>> image = Image.open(requests.get(url, stream=True).raw)
>>> inputs = processor(images=image, return_tensors="pt").to(device, torch.float16)
>>> qformer_outputs = model.get_qformer_features(**inputs)

Blip2ForConditionalGeneration

class transformers.Blip2ForConditionalGeneration

< >

( config: Blip2Config )

Parameters

  • config (Blip2Config) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

BLIP-2 Model for generating text given an image and an optional text prompt. The model consists of a vision encoder, Querying Transformer (Q-Former) and a language model.

One can optionally pass input_ids to the model, which serve as a text prompt, to make the language model continue the prompt. Otherwise, the language model starts generating text from the [BOS] (beginning-of-sequence) token.

This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a PyTorch torch.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( pixel_values: FloatTensor input_ids: FloatTensor attention_mask: typing.Optional[torch.LongTensor] = None decoder_input_ids: typing.Optional[torch.LongTensor] = None decoder_attention_mask: typing.Optional[torch.LongTensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None labels: typing.Optional[torch.LongTensor] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None ) transformers.models.blip_2.modeling_blip_2.Blip2ForConditionalGenerationModelOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • pixel_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — Pixel values. Pixel values can be obtained using Blip2Processor. See Blip2Processor.__call__() for details.
  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary of the language model. Input tokens can optionally be provided to serve as text prompt, which the language model can continue.

    Indices can be obtained using Blip2Processor. See Blip2Processor.__call__() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (torch.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

  • decoder_input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, target_sequence_length), optional) — Indices of decoder input sequence tokens in the vocabulary of the language model. Only relevant in case an encoder-decoder language model (like T5) is used.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details. What are decoder input IDs?

  • decoder_attention_mask (torch.BoolTensor of shape (batch_size, target_sequence_length), optional) — Default behavior: generate a tensor that ignores pad tokens in decoder_input_ids. Causal mask will also be used by default.

    Only relevant in case an encoder-decoder language model (like T5) is used.

  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

Returns

transformers.models.blip_2.modeling_blip_2.Blip2ForConditionalGenerationModelOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.models.blip_2.modeling_blip_2.Blip2ForConditionalGenerationModelOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (<class 'transformers.models.blip_2.configuration_blip_2.Blip2VisionConfig'>) and inputs.

  • loss (torch.FloatTensor, optional, returned when labels is provided, torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,)) — Language modeling loss from the language model.
  • logits (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.vocab_size)) — Prediction scores of the language modeling head of the language model.
  • vision_outputs (BaseModelOutputWithPooling) — Outputs of the vision encoder.
  • qformer_outputs (BaseModelOutputWithPoolingAndCrossAttentions) — Outputs of the Q-Former (Querying Transformer).
  • language_model_outputs (CausalLMOutputWithPast or Seq2SeqLMOutput) — Outputs of the language model.

The Blip2ForConditionalGeneration forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Examples:

Image captioning (without providing a text prompt):

>>> from PIL import Image
>>> import requests
>>> from transformers import Blip2Processor, Blip2ForConditionalGeneration
>>> import torch

>>> device = "cuda" if torch.cuda.is_available() else "cpu"

>>> processor = Blip2Processor.from_pretrained("Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b")
>>> model = Blip2ForConditionalGeneration.from_pretrained(
...     "Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b", torch_dtype=torch.float16
... )
>>> model.to(device)
>>> url = "http://images.cocodataset.org/val2017/000000039769.jpg"
>>> image = Image.open(requests.get(url, stream=True).raw)

>>> inputs = processor(images=image, return_tensors="pt").to(device, torch.float16)

>>> generated_ids = model.generate(**inputs)
>>> generated_text = processor.batch_decode(generated_ids, skip_special_tokens=True)[0].strip()
>>> print(generated_text)
two cats laying on a couch

Visual question answering (prompt = question):

>>> from PIL import Image
>>> import requests
>>> from transformers import Blip2Processor, Blip2ForConditionalGeneration
>>> import torch

>>> device = "cuda" if torch.cuda.is_available() else "cpu"

>>> processor = Blip2Processor.from_pretrained("Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b")
>>> model = Blip2ForConditionalGeneration.from_pretrained(
...     "Salesforce/blip2-opt-2.7b", torch_dtype=torch.float16
... )
>>> model.to(device)
>>> url = "http://images.cocodataset.org/val2017/000000039769.jpg"
>>> image = Image.open(requests.get(url, stream=True).raw)

>>> prompt = "Question: how many cats are there? Answer:"
>>> inputs = processor(images=image, text=prompt, return_tensors="pt").to(device, torch.float16)

>>> generated_ids = model.generate(**inputs)
>>> generated_text = processor.batch_decode(generated_ids, skip_special_tokens=True)[0].strip()
>>> print(generated_text)
two

generate

< >

( pixel_values: FloatTensor input_ids: typing.Optional[torch.LongTensor] = None attention_mask: typing.Optional[torch.LongTensor] = None **generate_kwargs ) captions (list)

Parameters

  • pixel_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, height, width)) — Input images to be processed.
  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — The sequence used as a prompt for the generation.
  • attention_mask (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices

Returns

captions (list)

A list of strings of length batch_size * num_captions.

Overrides generate function to be able to use the model as a conditional generator.