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crossref
en
article
10.1021
nature
<citation-number>1.</citation-number> <author>Sherma, J.</author> <title>Planar Chromatography.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>72,</volume> <page>9–26</page> <year>(2000).</year>
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<citation-number>2.</citation-number> <author>Dybowski, C. & Bai, S.</author> <title>%Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>72,</volume> <page>1–8</page> <year>(2000).</year>
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<citation-number>3.</citation-number> <author>Dollimore, D. & Phang, P.</author> <title>Thermal Analysis.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>72,</volume> <page>27–36</page> <year>(2000).</year>
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<citation-number>4.</citation-number> <author>Crouch, S. R., Scheeline, A. & Kirkor, E. S.</author> <title>Kinetic Determinations and Some Kinetic Aspects of Analytical Chemistry.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>72,</volume> <page>53–70</page> <year>(2000).</year>
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<citation-number>5.</citation-number> <author>Eiceman, G. A., Hill, H. H. & Gardea-Torresdey, J.</author> <title>Gas Chromatography.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>72,</volume> <page>137–144</page> <year>(2000).</year>
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<citation-number>9.</citation-number> <author>Lillehei, P. T. & Bottomley, L. A.</author> <title>Scanning Probe Microscopy.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>72,</volume> <page>189–196</page> <year>(2000).</year>
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<citation-number>10.</citation-number> <author>Turner, N. H. & Schreifels, J. A.</author> <title>Surface Analysis:~ X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Auger Electron Spectroscopy.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>72,</volume> <page>99–110</page> <year>(2000).</year>
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>11.</citation-number> <author>Cooke, P. M.</author> <title>Chemical Microscopy.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>72,</volume> <page>169–188</page> <year>(2000).</year>
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<citation-number>12.</citation-number> <author>Wolfbeis, O. S.</author> <title>Fiber-Optic Chemical Sensors and Biosensors.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>72,</volume> <page>81–90</page> <year>(2000).</year>
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<citation-number>13.</citation-number> <author>Krylov, S. N. & Dovichi, N. J.</author> <title>Capillary Electrophoresis for the Analysis of Biopolymers.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>72,</volume> <page>111–128</page> <year>(2000).</year>
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<citation-number>14.</citation-number> <author>Mulvaney, S. P. & Keating, C. D.</author> <title>Raman Spectroscopy.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>72,</volume> <page>145–158</page> <year>(2000).</year>
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nature
<citation-number>15.</citation-number> <author>Lavine, B. K.</author> <title>Chemometrics.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>72,</volume> <page>91–98</page> <year>(2000).</year>
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<citation-number>16.</citation-number> <author>Oldham, P. B., McCarroll, M. E., McGown, L. B. & Warner, I. M.</author> <title>Molecular Fluorescence, Phosphorescence, and Chemiluminescence Spectrometry.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>72,</volume> <page>197–210</page> <year>(2000).</year>
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>17.</citation-number> <author>Sherma, J.</author> <title>Planar Chromatography.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>1–20</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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<citation-number>18.</citation-number> <author>Mottola, H. A. & Pérez-Bendito, D.</author> <title>Kinetic Determinations and Some Kinetic Aspects of Analytical Chemistry.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>257–290</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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en
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>19.</citation-number> <author>McKelvy, M. L. et al.</author> <title>Infrared Spectroscopy.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>93–160</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>20.</citation-number> <author>Warner, I. M., Soper, S. A. & McGown, L. B.</author> <title>Molecular Fluorescence, Phosphorescence, and Chemiluminescence Spectrometry.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>73–92</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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10.1021
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<citation-number>21.</citation-number> <author>Brown, S. D., Sum, S. T., Despagne, F. & Lavine, B. K.</author> <title>Chemometrics.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>21–62</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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10.1021
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<citation-number>22.</citation-number> <author>Dollimore, D.</author> <title>Thermal Analysis.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>63–72</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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en
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>23.</citation-number> <author>Rothman, L. D.</author> <title>Column Liquid Chromatography:~ Equipment and Instrumentation.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>587–598</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>24.</citation-number> <author>Hargis, L. G., Howell, J. A. & Sutton, R. E.</author> <title>Ultraviolet and Light Absorption Spectrometry.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>169–184</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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en
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>25.</citation-number> <author>Cooke, P. M.</author> <title>Chemical Microscopy.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>333–378</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>26.</citation-number> <author>Jackson, K. W. & Chen, G.</author> <title>Atomic Absorption, Atomic Emission, and Flame Emission Spectrometry.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>231–256</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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en
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>27.</citation-number> <author>Eiceman, G. A., Hill, H. H., Davani, B. & Gardea-Torresday, J.</author> <title>Gas Chromatography.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>291–308</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>28.</citation-number> <author>Turner, N. H. & Schreifels, J. A.</author> <title>Surface Analysis:~ X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Auger Electron Spectroscopy.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>309–332</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>29.</citation-number> <author>Anderson, J. L., Bowden, E. F. & Pickup, P. G.</author> <title>Dynamic Electrochemistry:~ Methodology and Application.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>379–444</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>30.</citation-number> <author>Török, S. B., Lábár, J., Injuk, J. & Grieken, R. E. V.</author> <title>X-ray Spectrometry.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>467–486</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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<citation-number>31.</citation-number> <author>Chester, T. L., Pinkston, J. D. & Raynie, D. E.</author> <title>Supercritical Fluid Chromatography and Extraction.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>487–514</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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<citation-number>32.</citation-number> <author>Barth, H. G., Boyes, B. E. & Jackson, C.</author> <title>Size Exclusion Chromatography.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>68,</volume> <page>445–466</page> <year>(1996).</year>
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nature
<citation-number>33.</citation-number> <author>Anderson, D. G.</author> <title>Coatings.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>69,</volume> <page>15–28</page> <year>(1997).</year>
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>34.</citation-number> <author>Smith, P. B. et al.</author> <title>Analysis of Synthetic Polymers and Rubbers.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>69,</volume> <page>95–122</page> <year>(1997).</year>
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nature
<citation-number>35.</citation-number> <author>Hühmer, A. F. R. et al.</author> <title>Separation and Analysis of Peptides and Proteins.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>69,</volume> <page>29–58</page> <year>(1997).</year>
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nature
<citation-number>36.</citation-number> <author>Fox, D. L.</author> <title>Air Pollution.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>69,</volume> <page>1–14</page> <year>(1997).</year>
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nature
<citation-number>37.</citation-number> <author>Brettell, T. A. & Saferstein, R.</author> <title>Forensic Science.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>69,</volume> <page>123–144</page> <year>(1997).</year>
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>38.</citation-number> <author>Mansfield, C. T., Barman, B. N., Thomas, J. V., Mehrotra, A. K. & Philp, R. P.</author> <title>Petroleum and Coal.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>69,</volume> <page>59–94</page> <year>(1997).</year>
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>39.</citation-number> <author>Gilpin, R. K. & Pachla, L. A.</author> <title>Pharmaceuticals and Related Drugs.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>69,</volume> <page>145–164</page> <year>(1997).</year>
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>40.</citation-number> <author>McGuire, G. E. et al.</author> <title>Surface Characterization.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>69,</volume> <page>231–250</page> <year>(1997).</year>
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10.1021
nature
<citation-number>41.</citation-number> <author>Clement, R. E., Yang, P. W. & Koester, C. J.</author> <title>Environmental Analysis.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>69,</volume> <page>251–288</page> <year>(1997).</year>
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10.1021
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<citation-number>42.</citation-number> <author>Harper, M., Glowacki, C. R. & Michael, P. R.</author> <title>Industrial Hygiene.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>69,</volume> <page>307–327</page> <year>(1997).</year>
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<citation-number>43.</citation-number> <author>Lopez-Avila, V. & Hill, H. H.</author> <title>Field Analytical Chemistry.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>69,</volume> <page>289–306</page> <year>(1997).</year>
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<citation-number>44.</citation-number> <author>Sherma, J.</author> <title>Planar Chromatography.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>70,</volume> <page>7–26</page> <year>(1998).</year>
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<citation-number>45.</citation-number> <author>Dollimore, D. & Lerdkanchanaporn, S.</author> <title>Thermal Analysis.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>70,</volume> <page>27–36</page> <year>(1998).</year>
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<citation-number>46.</citation-number> <author>Howell, J. A. & Sutton, R. E.</author> <title>Ultraviolet and Absorption Light Spectrometry.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>70,</volume> <page>107–118</page> <year>(1998).</year>
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<citation-number>47.</citation-number> <author>Crouch, S. R., Cullen, T. F., Scheeline, A. & Kirkor, E. S.</author> <title>Kinetic Determinations and Some Kinetic Aspects of Analytical Chemistry.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>70,</volume> <page>53–106</page> <year>(1998).</year>
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<citation-number>48.</citation-number> <author>McKelvy, M. L. et al.</author> <title>Infrared Spectroscopy.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>70,</volume> <page>119–178</page> <year>(1998).</year>
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<citation-number>49.</citation-number> <author>Cooke, P. M.</author> <title>Chemical Microscopy.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>70,</volume> <page>385–424</page> <year>(1998).</year>
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<citation-number>50.</citation-number> <author>Janata, J., Josowicz, M., Vanýsek, P. & DeVaney, D. M.</author> <title>Chemical Sensors.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>70,</volume> <page>179–208</page> <year>(1998).</year>
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<citation-number>51.</citation-number> <author>Bottomley, L. A.</author> <title>Scanning Probe Microscopy.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>70,</volume> <page>425–476</page> <year>(1998).</year>
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10.1021
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<citation-number>53.</citation-number> <author>Turner, N. H. & Schreifels, J. A.</author> <title>Surface Analysis:~ X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Auger Electron Spectroscopy.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>70,</volume> <page>229–250</page> <year>(1998).</year>
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<citation-number>54.</citation-number> <author>Beale, S. C.</author> <title>Capillary Electrophoresis.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>70,</volume> <page>279–300</page> <year>(1998).</year>
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<citation-number>57.</citation-number> <author>Chester, T. L., Pinkston, J. D. & Raynie, D. E.</author> <title>Supercritical Fluid Chromatography and Extraction.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>70,</volume> <page>301–320</page> <year>(1998).</year>
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10.1021
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<citation-number>58.</citation-number> <author>Anderson, J. L., Coury, L. A. & Leddy, J.</author> <title>Dynamic Electrochemistry:~ Methodology and Application.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>70,</volume> <page>519–590</page> <year>(1998).</year>
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<citation-number>60.</citation-number> <author>Török, S. B., Lábár, J., Schmeling, M. & Grieken, R. E. V.</author> <title>X-ray Spectrometry.</title> <container-title>Analytical Chemistry</container-title> <volume>70,</volume> <page>495–518</page> <year>(1998).</year>
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Dataset Card for annotated_reference_strings

Dataset Summary

The annotated_reference_strings dataset comprises millions of the annotated reference strings, i.e. each token of the strings have an associated label such as author, title, year, etc.

These strings are synthesized using citation processor on millions of citations obtained from various sources, spanning different scientific domains.

Supported Tasks

This dataset can be used for structure prediction.

Languages

The dataset is composed of reference strings that are in English.

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

{
  "source": "pubmed",
  "lang": "en",
  "entry_type": "article",
  "doi_prefix": "pubmed19n0001",
  "csl_style": "annual-reviews",
  "content": "<citation-number>8.</citation-number> <author>Mohr W.</author> <year>1977.</year> <title>[Morphology of bone tumors. 2. Morphology of benign bone tumors].</title> <container-title>Aktuelle Probleme in Chirurgie und Orthopadie.</container-title> <volume>5:</volume> <page>29–42</page>"
}

Important Note

  1. Each citation is rendered to at most 17 CSL styles. Therefore, there will be near duplicates.
  2. All characters (including punctuations) of a segment (a segment consists of 1 or more token) are enclosed by tag(s).
    1. Only tokens that act as "conjunctions" are not enclosed in tags. These tokens will be labelled as other.
  3. There will be instances which a segment can be enclosed by more than one tag e.g. <issued><year>2021</year></issued>. This depends on how the styles' author(s).

Data Fields

  • source: Describe the source of the citation. {pubmed, jstor, crossref}
  • lang: Describe the language of the citation. {en}
  • entry_type: Describe the BibTeX entry type. {article, book, inbook, misc, techreport, phdthesis, incollection, inproceedings}
  • doi_prefix: For JSTOR and CrossRef, it is the prefix of the DOI. For PubMed, it is the directory (e.g. pubmed19nXXXX where XXXX is 4 digits) of which the citation is generated from.
  • csl_style: The CSL style which the citation is rendered as.
  • content: The rendered citation of a specific style with each segment enclosed by tags named after the CSL variables

Data Splits

Data splits are not available yet.

Dataset Creation

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

The citations that are used to generate these reference strings are obtained from 3 main sources:

If the citation is not in BibTeX format, bibutils is used to convert it to BibTeX.

Who are the source language producers?

The manner which the citations are rendered as reference strings are based on rules/specifications dictated by the publisher. Citation Style Language (CSL) is an established standard which such specifications are prescribed. Thousands of citation styles are available.

Annotations

Annotation process

The annotation process involves 2 main interventions:

  1. Modification of the styles' CSL specification to inject the CSL variable names as part of the render process
  2. Sanitization of the rendered strings using regular expressions to ensure all tokens and characters are enclosed in the tags

Who are the annotators?

The original CSL specification are available on GitHub.

The modification of the styles and the sanitization process are done by the author of this work.

Additional Information

Licensing Information

This dataset is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

Citation Information

This dataset is a product of a Master Project done in the National University of Singapore.

If you are using it, please cite the following:

@techreport{kee2021,
    author = {Yuan Chuan Kee},
    title = {Synthesis of a large dataset of annotated reference strings for developing citation parsers},
    institution = {National University of Singapore},
    year = {2021}
}

Contributions

Thanks to @kylase for adding this dataset.

Edit Dataset Tags

Models trained or fine-tuned on yuanchuan/annotated_reference_strings

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