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We present DistilCamemBERT-Sentiment, which is DistilCamemBERT fine-tuned for the sentiment analysis task for the French language. This model is built using two datasets: Amazon Reviews and Allociné.fr to minimize the bias. Indeed, Amazon reviews are similar in messages and relatively shorts, contrary to Allociné critics, who are long and rich texts.

This modelization is close to tblard/tf-allocine based on CamemBERT model. The problem of the modelizations based on CamemBERT is at the scaling moment, for the production phase, for example. Indeed, inference cost can be a technological issue. To counteract this effect, we propose this modelization which divides the inference time by two with the same consumption power thanks to DistilCamemBERT.


The dataset comprises 204,993 reviews for training and 4,999 reviews for the test from Amazon, and 235,516 and 4,729 critics from Allocine website. The dataset is labeled into five categories:

  • 1 star: represents a terrible appreciation,
  • 2 stars: bad appreciation,
  • 3 stars: neutral appreciation,
  • 4 stars: good appreciation,
  • 5 stars: excellent appreciation.

Evaluation results

In addition of accuracy (called here exact accuracy) in order to be robust to +/-1 star estimation errors, we will take the following definition as a performance measure:

top ⁣ ⁣2  acc=1OiO0l<21(f^i,l=yi)\mathrm{top\!-\!2\; acc}=\frac{1}{|\mathcal{O}|}\sum_{i\in\mathcal{O}}\sum_{0\leq l < 2}\mathbb{1}(\hat{f}_{i,l}=y_i)

where f^l\hat{f}_l is the l-th largest predicted label, yy the true label, O\mathcal{O} is the test set of the observations and 1\mathbb{1} is the indicator function.

class exact accuracy (%) top-2 acc (%) support
global 61.01 88.80 9,698
1 star 87.21 77.17 1,905
2 stars 79.19 84.75 1,935
3 stars 77.85 78.98 1,974
4 stars 78.61 90.22 1,952
5 stars 85.96 82.92 1,932


This model is compared to 3 reference models (see below). As each model doesn't have the exact definition of targets, we detail the performance measure used for each. An AMD Ryzen 5 4500U @ 2.3GHz with 6 cores was used for the mean inference time measure.


nlptown/bert-base-multilingual-uncased-sentiment is based on BERT model in the multilingual and uncased version. This sentiment analyzer is trained on Amazon reviews, similar to our model. Hence the targets and their definitions are the same.

model time (ms) exact accuracy (%) top-2 acc (%)
cmarkea/distilcamembert-base-sentiment 95.56 61.01 88.80
nlptown/bert-base-multilingual-uncased-sentiment 187.70 54.41 82.82

tf-allociné and barthez-sentiment-classification

tblard/tf-allocine based on CamemBERT model and moussaKam/barthez-sentiment-classification based on BARThez use the same bi-class definition between them. To bring this back to a two-class problem, we will only consider the "1 star" and "2 stars" labels for the negative sentiments and "4 stars" and "5 stars" for positive sentiments. We exclude the "3 stars" which can be interpreted as a neutral class. In this context, the problem of +/-1 star estimation errors disappears. Then we use only the classical accuracy definition.

model time (ms) exact accuracy (%)
cmarkea/distilcamembert-base-sentiment 95.56 97.52
tblard/tf-allocine 329.74 95.69
moussaKam/barthez-sentiment-classification 197.95 94.29

How to use DistilCamemBERT-Sentiment

from transformers import pipeline

analyzer = pipeline(
result = analyzer(
    "J'aime me promener en forêt même si ça me donne mal aux pieds.",

[{'label': '1 star',
  'score': 0.047529436647892},
 {'label': '2 stars',
  'score': 0.14150355756282806},
 {'label': '3 stars',
  'score': 0.3586442470550537},
 {'label': '4 stars',
  'score': 0.3181498646736145},
 {'label': '5 stars',
  'score': 0.13417290151119232}]

Optimum + ONNX

from optimum.onnxruntime import ORTModelForSequenceClassification
from transformers import AutoTokenizer, pipeline

HUB_MODEL = "cmarkea/distilcamembert-base-sentiment"

tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained(HUB_MODEL)
model = ORTModelForSequenceClassification.from_pretrained(HUB_MODEL)
onnx_qa = pipeline("text-classification", model=model, tokenizer=tokenizer)

# Quantized onnx model
quantized_model = ORTModelForSequenceClassification.from_pretrained(
    HUB_MODEL, file_name="model_quantized.onnx"


  TITLE = {{DistilCamemBERT : une distillation du mod{\`e}le fran{\c c}ais CamemBERT}},
  AUTHOR = {Delestre, Cyrile and Amar, Abibatou},
  URL = {https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03674695},
  BOOKTITLE = {{CAp (Conf{\'e}rence sur l'Apprentissage automatique)}},
  ADDRESS = {Vannes, France},
  YEAR = {2022},
  MONTH = Jul,
  KEYWORDS = {NLP ; Transformers ; CamemBERT ; Distillation},
  PDF = {https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03674695/file/cap2022.pdf},
  HAL_ID = {hal-03674695},
  HAL_VERSION = {v1},
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Datasets used to train cmarkea/distilcamembert-base-sentiment

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