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OPT 6.7B Tulu

This model is a 6.7B OPT model finetuned on a mixture of instruction datasets (FLAN V2, CoT, Dolly, Open Assistant 1, GPT4-Alpaca, Code-Alpaca, and ShareGPT).

This was trained as part of the paper How Far Can Camels Go? Exploring the State of Instruction Tuning on Open Resources. The codebase used to train and evaluate this model can be found at https://github.com/allenai/open-instruct.

This model is licensed under the AI model license given in LICENSE.txt, with the original model license at opt_license.md.

Usage

Simply download and use - this model is not a diff, unlike the other open-instruct models.

Input Format

The model is trained to use the following format (note the newlines):

<|user|>
Your message here!
<|assistant|>

For best results, format all inputs in this manner. Make sure to include a newline after <|assistant|>, this can affect generation quality quite a bit.

Performance

Here is the performance of this model across benchmarks explored in our paper How Far Can Camels Go? Exploring the State of Instruction Tuning on Open Resources:

MMLU 0-shot MMLU 5-shot GSM Direct GSM CoT BBH Direct BBH CoT TydiQA Gold-Passage TydiQA Closed-book Codex-Eval Pass@1 Codex-Eval Pass@10 AlpacaFarm vs Davinci-003 Average
33.8 34.9 3.0 15.5 31.9 27.9 27.2 4.1 4.8 7.9 14.5 18.3

If you use this model, please cite our work, the OPT paper, and the original datasets:

@misc{wang2023far,
      title={How Far Can Camels Go? Exploring the State of Instruction Tuning on Open Resources}, 
      author={Yizhong Wang and Hamish Ivison and Pradeep Dasigi and Jack Hessel and Tushar Khot and Khyathi Raghavi Chandu and David Wadden and Kelsey MacMillan and Noah A. Smith and Iz Beltagy and Hannaneh Hajishirzi},
      year={2023},
      eprint={2306.04751},
      archivePrefix={arXiv},
      primaryClass={cs.CL}
}
@misc{zhang2022opt,
      title={OPT: Open Pre-trained Transformer Language Models}, 
      author={Susan Zhang and Stephen Roller and Naman Goyal and Mikel Artetxe and Moya Chen and Shuohui Chen and Christopher Dewan and Mona Diab and Xian Li and Xi Victoria Lin and Todor Mihaylov and Myle Ott and Sam Shleifer and Kurt Shuster and Daniel Simig and Punit Singh Koura and Anjali Sridhar and Tianlu Wang and Luke Zettlemoyer},
      year={2022},
      eprint={2205.01068},
      archivePrefix={arXiv},
      primaryClass={cs.CL}
}
@misc{dolly,
  author = {Databricks},
  title = {Free Dolly: Introducing the World's First Truly Open Instruction-Tuned LLM},
  year = {2023},
  publisher = {GitHub},
  journal = {GitHub repository},
  howpublished = {Blog post},
  url = {https://www.databricks.com/blog/2023/04/12/dolly-first-open-commercially-viable-instruction-tuned-llm}
}
@article{longpre2023flan,
  title={The Flan Collection: Designing Data and Methods for Effective Instruction Tuning},
  author={Longpre, Shayne and Hou, Le and Vu, Tu and Webson, Albert and Chung, Hyung Won and Tay, Yi and Zhou, Denny and Le, Quoc V and Zoph, Barret and Wei, Jason and others},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:2301.13688},
  year={2023}
}
@misc{köpf2023openassistant,
      title={OpenAssistant Conversations -- Democratizing Large Language Model Alignment}, 
      author={Andreas Köpf and Yannic Kilcher and Dimitri von Rütte and Sotiris Anagnostidis and Zhi-Rui Tam and Keith Stevens and Abdullah Barhoum and Nguyen Minh Duc and Oliver Stanley and Richárd Nagyfi and Shahul ES and Sameer Suri and David Glushkov and Arnav Dantuluri and Andrew Maguire and Christoph Schuhmann and Huu Nguyen and Alexander Mattick},
      year={2023},
      eprint={2304.07327},
      archivePrefix={arXiv},
      primaryClass={cs.CL}
}
@article{peng2023instruction,
  title={Instruction Tuning with GPT-4},
  author={Peng, Baolin and Li, Chunyuan and He, Pengcheng and Galley, Michel and Gao, Jianfeng},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:2304.03277},
  year={2023}
}
@misc{codealpaca,
  author = {Sahil Chaudhary},
  title = {Code Alpaca: An Instruction-following LLaMA model for code generation},
  year = {2023},
  publisher = {GitHub},
  journal = {GitHub repository},
  howpublished = {\url{https://github.com/sahil280114/codealpaca}},
}
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