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TheBloke's LLM work is generously supported by a grant from andreessen horowitz (a16z)

CausalLM 7B - GPTQ


This repo contains GPTQ model files for CausalLM's CausalLM 7B.

Multiple GPTQ parameter permutations are provided; see Provided Files below for details of the options provided, their parameters, and the software used to create them.

Repositories available

Prompt template: ChatML



The creator of the source model has listed its license as wtfpl, and this quantization has therefore used that same license.

As this model is based on Llama 2, it is also subject to the Meta Llama 2 license terms, and the license files for that are additionally included. It should therefore be considered as being claimed to be licensed under both licenses. I contacted Hugging Face for clarification on dual licensing but they do not yet have an official position. Should this change, or should Meta provide any feedback on this situation, I will update this section accordingly.

In the meantime, any questions regarding licensing, and in particular how these two licenses might interact, should be directed to the original model repository: CausalLM's CausalLM 7B.

Known compatible clients / servers

These GPTQ models are known to work in the following inference servers/webuis.

This may not be a complete list; if you know of others, please let me know!

Provided files, and GPTQ parameters

Multiple quantisation parameters are provided, to allow you to choose the best one for your hardware and requirements.

Each separate quant is in a different branch. See below for instructions on fetching from different branches.

Most GPTQ files are made with AutoGPTQ. Mistral models are currently made with Transformers.

Explanation of GPTQ parameters
  • Bits: The bit size of the quantised model.
  • GS: GPTQ group size. Higher numbers use less VRAM, but have lower quantisation accuracy. "None" is the lowest possible value.
  • Act Order: True or False. Also known as desc_act. True results in better quantisation accuracy. Some GPTQ clients have had issues with models that use Act Order plus Group Size, but this is generally resolved now.
  • Damp %: A GPTQ parameter that affects how samples are processed for quantisation. 0.01 is default, but 0.1 results in slightly better accuracy.
  • GPTQ dataset: The calibration dataset used during quantisation. Using a dataset more appropriate to the model's training can improve quantisation accuracy. Note that the GPTQ calibration dataset is not the same as the dataset used to train the model - please refer to the original model repo for details of the training dataset(s).
  • Sequence Length: The length of the dataset sequences used for quantisation. Ideally this is the same as the model sequence length. For some very long sequence models (16+K), a lower sequence length may have to be used. Note that a lower sequence length does not limit the sequence length of the quantised model. It only impacts the quantisation accuracy on longer inference sequences.
  • ExLlama Compatibility: Whether this file can be loaded with ExLlama, which currently only supports Llama and Mistral models in 4-bit.
Branch Bits GS Act Order Damp % GPTQ Dataset Seq Len Size ExLlama Desc
main 4 128 Yes 0.1 wikitext 8192 5.86 GB Yes 4-bit, with Act Order and group size 128g. Uses even less VRAM than 64g, but with slightly lower accuracy.
gptq-4bit-32g-actorder_True 4 32 Yes 0.1 wikitext 8192 6.24 GB Yes 4-bit, with Act Order and group size 32g. Gives highest possible inference quality, with maximum VRAM usage.
gptq-8bit--1g-actorder_True 8 None Yes 0.1 wikitext 8192 8.98 GB No 8-bit, with Act Order. No group size, to lower VRAM requirements.
gptq-8bit-128g-actorder_True 8 128 Yes 0.1 wikitext 8192 9.13 GB No 8-bit, with group size 128g for higher inference quality and with Act Order for even higher accuracy.
gptq-8bit-32g-actorder_True 8 32 Yes 0.1 wikitext 8192 9.58 GB No 8-bit, with group size 32g and Act Order for maximum inference quality.
gptq-4bit-64g-actorder_True 4 64 Yes 0.1 wikitext 8192 5.99 GB Yes 4-bit, with Act Order and group size 64g. Uses less VRAM than 32g, but with slightly lower accuracy.

How to download, including from branches

In text-generation-webui

To download from the main branch, enter TheBloke/CausalLM-7B-GPTQ in the "Download model" box.

To download from another branch, add :branchname to the end of the download name, eg TheBloke/CausalLM-7B-GPTQ:gptq-4bit-32g-actorder_True

From the command line

I recommend using the huggingface-hub Python library:

pip3 install huggingface-hub

To download the main branch to a folder called CausalLM-7B-GPTQ:

mkdir CausalLM-7B-GPTQ
huggingface-cli download TheBloke/CausalLM-7B-GPTQ --local-dir CausalLM-7B-GPTQ --local-dir-use-symlinks False

To download from a different branch, add the --revision parameter:

mkdir CausalLM-7B-GPTQ
huggingface-cli download TheBloke/CausalLM-7B-GPTQ --revision gptq-4bit-32g-actorder_True --local-dir CausalLM-7B-GPTQ --local-dir-use-symlinks False
More advanced huggingface-cli download usage

If you remove the --local-dir-use-symlinks False parameter, the files will instead be stored in the central Hugging Face cache directory (default location on Linux is: ~/.cache/huggingface), and symlinks will be added to the specified --local-dir, pointing to their real location in the cache. This allows for interrupted downloads to be resumed, and allows you to quickly clone the repo to multiple places on disk without triggering a download again. The downside, and the reason why I don't list that as the default option, is that the files are then hidden away in a cache folder and it's harder to know where your disk space is being used, and to clear it up if/when you want to remove a download model.

The cache location can be changed with the HF_HOME environment variable, and/or the --cache-dir parameter to huggingface-cli.

For more documentation on downloading with huggingface-cli, please see: HF -> Hub Python Library -> Download files -> Download from the CLI.

To accelerate downloads on fast connections (1Gbit/s or higher), install hf_transfer:

pip3 install hf_transfer

And set environment variable HF_HUB_ENABLE_HF_TRANSFER to 1:

mkdir CausalLM-7B-GPTQ
HF_HUB_ENABLE_HF_TRANSFER=1 huggingface-cli download TheBloke/CausalLM-7B-GPTQ --local-dir CausalLM-7B-GPTQ --local-dir-use-symlinks False

Windows Command Line users: You can set the environment variable by running set HF_HUB_ENABLE_HF_TRANSFER=1 before the download command.

With git (not recommended)

To clone a specific branch with git, use a command like this:

git clone --single-branch --branch gptq-4bit-32g-actorder_True https://huggingface.co/TheBloke/CausalLM-7B-GPTQ

Note that using Git with HF repos is strongly discouraged. It will be much slower than using huggingface-hub, and will use twice as much disk space as it has to store the model files twice (it stores every byte both in the intended target folder, and again in the .git folder as a blob.)

How to easily download and use this model in text-generation-webui

Please make sure you're using the latest version of text-generation-webui.

It is strongly recommended to use the text-generation-webui one-click-installers unless you're sure you know how to make a manual install.

  1. Click the Model tab.

  2. Under Download custom model or LoRA, enter TheBloke/CausalLM-7B-GPTQ.

    • To download from a specific branch, enter for example TheBloke/CausalLM-7B-GPTQ:gptq-4bit-32g-actorder_True
    • see Provided Files above for the list of branches for each option.
  3. Click Download.

  4. The model will start downloading. Once it's finished it will say "Done".

  5. In the top left, click the refresh icon next to Model.

  6. In the Model dropdown, choose the model you just downloaded: CausalLM-7B-GPTQ

  7. The model will automatically load, and is now ready for use!

  8. If you want any custom settings, set them and then click Save settings for this model followed by Reload the Model in the top right.

    • Note that you do not need to and should not set manual GPTQ parameters any more. These are set automatically from the file quantize_config.json.
  9. Once you're ready, click the Text Generation tab and enter a prompt to get started!

Serving this model from Text Generation Inference (TGI)

It's recommended to use TGI version 1.1.0 or later. The official Docker container is: ghcr.io/huggingface/text-generation-inference:1.1.0

Example Docker parameters:

--model-id TheBloke/CausalLM-7B-GPTQ --port 3000 --quantize gptq --max-input-length 3696 --max-total-tokens 4096 --max-batch-prefill-tokens 4096

Example Python code for interfacing with TGI (requires huggingface-hub 0.17.0 or later):

pip3 install huggingface-hub
from huggingface_hub import InferenceClient

endpoint_url = "https://your-endpoint-url-here"

prompt = "Tell me about AI"

client = InferenceClient(endpoint_url)
response = client.text_generation(prompt,

print(f"Model output: {response}")

How to use this GPTQ model from Python code

Install the necessary packages

Requires: Transformers 4.33.0 or later, Optimum 1.12.0 or later, and AutoGPTQ 0.4.2 or later.

pip3 install transformers optimum
pip3 install auto-gptq --extra-index-url https://huggingface.github.io/autogptq-index/whl/cu118/  # Use cu117 if on CUDA 11.7

If you have problems installing AutoGPTQ using the pre-built wheels, install it from source instead:

pip3 uninstall -y auto-gptq
git clone https://github.com/PanQiWei/AutoGPTQ
cd AutoGPTQ
git checkout v0.4.2
pip3 install .

You can then use the following code

from transformers import AutoModelForCausalLM, AutoTokenizer, pipeline

model_name_or_path = "TheBloke/CausalLM-7B-GPTQ"
# To use a different branch, change revision
# For example: revision="gptq-4bit-32g-actorder_True"
model = AutoModelForCausalLM.from_pretrained(model_name_or_path,

tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained(model_name_or_path, use_fast=True)

prompt = "Tell me about AI"

print("\n\n*** Generate:")

input_ids = tokenizer(prompt_template, return_tensors='pt').input_ids.cuda()
output = model.generate(inputs=input_ids, temperature=0.7, do_sample=True, top_p=0.95, top_k=40, max_new_tokens=512)

# Inference can also be done using transformers' pipeline

print("*** Pipeline:")
pipe = pipeline(



The files provided are tested to work with Transformers. For non-Mistral models, AutoGPTQ can also be used directly.

ExLlama is compatible with Llama and Mistral models in 4-bit. Please see the Provided Files table above for per-file compatibility.

For a list of clients/servers, please see "Known compatible clients / servers", above.


For further support, and discussions on these models and AI in general, join us at:

TheBloke AI's Discord server

Thanks, and how to contribute

Thanks to the chirper.ai team!

Thanks to Clay from gpus.llm-utils.org!

I've had a lot of people ask if they can contribute. I enjoy providing models and helping people, and would love to be able to spend even more time doing it, as well as expanding into new projects like fine tuning/training.

If you're able and willing to contribute it will be most gratefully received and will help me to keep providing more models, and to start work on new AI projects.

Donaters will get priority support on any and all AI/LLM/model questions and requests, access to a private Discord room, plus other benefits.

Special thanks to: Aemon Algiz.

Patreon special mentions: Pierre Kircher, Stanislav Ovsiannikov, Michael Levine, Eugene Pentland, Andrey, 준교 김, Randy H, Fred von Graf, Artur Olbinski, Caitlyn Gatomon, terasurfer, Jeff Scroggin, James Bentley, Vadim, Gabriel Puliatti, Harry Royden McLaughlin, Sean Connelly, Dan Guido, Edmond Seymore, Alicia Loh, subjectnull, AzureBlack, Manuel Alberto Morcote, Thomas Belote, Lone Striker, Chris Smitley, Vitor Caleffi, Johann-Peter Hartmann, Clay Pascal, biorpg, Brandon Frisco, sidney chen, transmissions 11, Pedro Madruga, jinyuan sun, Ajan Kanaga, Emad Mostaque, Trenton Dambrowitz, Jonathan Leane, Iucharbius, usrbinkat, vamX, George Stoitzev, Luke Pendergrass, theTransient, Olakabola, Swaroop Kallakuri, Cap'n Zoog, Brandon Phillips, Michael Dempsey, Nikolai Manek, danny, Matthew Berman, Gabriel Tamborski, alfie_i, Raymond Fosdick, Tom X Nguyen, Raven Klaugh, LangChain4j, Magnesian, Illia Dulskyi, David Ziegler, Mano Prime, Luis Javier Navarrete Lozano, Erik Bjäreholt, 阿明, Nathan Dryer, Alex, Rainer Wilmers, zynix, TL, Joseph William Delisle, John Villwock, Nathan LeClaire, Willem Michiel, Joguhyik, GodLy, OG, Alps Aficionado, Jeffrey Morgan, ReadyPlayerEmma, Tiffany J. Kim, Sebastain Graf, Spencer Kim, Michael Davis, webtim, Talal Aujan, knownsqashed, John Detwiler, Imad Khwaja, Deo Leter, Jerry Meng, Elijah Stavena, Rooh Singh, Pieter, SuperWojo, Alexandros Triantafyllidis, Stephen Murray, Ai Maven, ya boyyy, Enrico Ros, Ken Nordquist, Deep Realms, Nicholas, Spiking Neurons AB, Elle, Will Dee, Jack West, RoA, Luke @flexchar, Viktor Bowallius, Derek Yates, Subspace Studios, jjj, Toran Billups, Asp the Wyvern, Fen Risland, Ilya, NimbleBox.ai, Chadd, Nitin Borwankar, Emre, Mandus, Leonard Tan, Kalila, K, Trailburnt, S_X, Cory Kujawski

Thank you to all my generous patrons and donaters!

And thank you again to a16z for their generous grant.

Original model card: CausalLM's CausalLM 7B

Read Me:

Also see 14B Version

This model was trained based on the model weights of Qwen and LLaMA2. The training process utilized a model structure that was identical to LLaMA2, using the same attention calculation method as the original MHA LLaMA2 models, and no additional scaling applied to the Relative Positional Encoding (RoPE).

We manually curated a SFT dataset of 1.3B tokens for training, utilizing open source datasets from Hugging Face. For most of these sentences, we performed manual or synthetic rewrites and generated alternate language versions using larger language models. Additionally, we conducted augmented text training using carefully selected entries from Wikipedia, as well as featured entries from Fandom and filtered entries from Moegirlpedia. In order to strike a balance between efficiency and quality, 100% of the data used for training was synthetic data, no direct use of text from the internet or original texts from publicly available datasets was employed for fine-tuning.

The 7B version of the model is a distilled version of the 14B model, specifically designed for speculative sampling. Therefore, it is important to exercise caution when directly using the model, as it may produce hallucinations or unreliable outputs.

Please note that the model was trained on unfiltered internet data. Since we do not have the capacity to vet all of it, there may be a substantial amount of objectionable content, pornography, violence, and offensive language present that we are unable to remove. Therefore, you will still need to complete your own checks on the model's safety and filter keywords in the output. Due to computational resource constraints, we are presently unable to implement RLHF for the model's ethics and safety, nor training on SFT samples that refuse to answer certain questions for restrictive fine-tuning.

Bonus: The model underwent some fine-tuning on the prompt format introduced in LLaVA1.5 that is unrelated to image attention calculation. Therefore, aligning the ViT Projection module with frozen LM under visual instructions would enable rapid implementation of effective multimodal capabilities.



System Prompt must not be empty!


stem ACC: 56.83

Humanities ACC: 58.79

other ACC: 70.04

social ACC: 72.41


CEval (Val):

STEM acc: 61.67

Social Science acc: 81.94

Humanities acc: 77.19

Other acc: 68.35

Hard acc:48.03

AVERAGE acc:70.27


Zero-shot ACC 0.5921152388172858

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Finetuned from

Datasets used to train TheBloke/CausalLM-7B-GPTQ