Reader-Distilled Retriever (RDR)

Sohee Yang and Minjoon Seo, Is Retriever Merely an Approximator of Reader?, arXiv 2020

The paper proposes to distill the reader into the retriever so that the retriever absorbs the strength of the reader while keeping its own benefit. The model is a DPR retriever further finetuned using knowledge distillation from the DPR reader. Using this approach, the answer recall rate increases by a large margin, especially at small numbers of top-k.

This model is the question encoder of RDR trained solely on TriviaQA (single-trivia). This model is trained by the authors and is the official checkpoint of RDR.


The following is the answer recall rate measured using PyTorch 1.4.0 and transformers 4.5.0.

For the values of DPR, those in parentheses are directly taken from the paper. The values without parentheses are reported using the reproduction of DPR that consists of this question encoder and this queston encoder.

Top-K Passages 1 5 20 50 100
TriviaQA Dev DPR 54.27 71.11 79.53 82.72 85.07
RDR (This Model) 61.84 75.93 82.56 85.35 87.00
TriviaQA Test DPR 54.41 70.99 79.31 (79.4) 82.90 84.99 (85.0)
RDR (This Model) 62.56 75.92 82.52 85.64 87.26

How to Use

RDR shares the same architecture with DPR. Therefore, It uses DPRQuestionEncoder as the model class.

Using AutoModel does not properly detect whether the checkpoint is for DPRContextEncoder or DPRQuestionEncoder.

Therefore, please specify the exact class to use the model.

from transformers import DPRQuestionEncoder, AutoTokenizer

tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained("soheeyang/rdr-question_encoder-single-trivia-base")
question_encoder = DPRQuestionEncoder.from_pretrained("soheeyang/rdr-question_encoder-single-trivia-base")

data = tokenizer("question comes here", return_tensors="pt")
question_embedding = question_encoder(**data).pooler_output  # embedding vector for question
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