usage in Python (after
pip install transformers):
from transformers import pipeline corrector = pipeline( 'text2text-generation', 'pszemraj/grammar-synthesis-small', ) raw_text = 'i can has cheezburger' results = corrector(raw_text) print(results)
Check out a simple demo in Google Colab here.
The intent is to create a text2text language model that successfully completes "single-shot grammar correction" on a potentially grammatically incorrect text that could have a lot of mistakes with the important qualifier of it does not semantically change text/information that IS grammatically correct.
Compare some of the heavier-error examples on other grammar correction models to see the difference :)
- this is still a work-in-progress and while probably useful for "single-shot grammar correction" in a lot of cases, give the outputs a glance for correctness ok?
Obviously, this section is quite general as there are many things one can use "general single-shot grammar correction" for. Some ideas or use cases:
- Correcting highly error-prone LM outputs. Some examples would be audio transcription (ASR) (this is literally some of the examples) or something like handwriting OCR.
- To be investigated further, depending on what model/system is used it might be worth it to apply this after OCR on typed characters.
- Correcting/infilling text generated by text generation models to be cohesive/remove obvious errors that break the conversation immersion. I use this on the outputs of this OPT 2.7B chatbot-esque model of myself.
An example of this model running on CPU with beam search:
original response: ive heard it attributed to a bunch of different philosophical schools, including stoicism, pragmatism, existentialism and even some forms of post-structuralism. i think one of the most interesting (and most difficult) philosophical problems is trying to let dogs (or other animals) out of cages. the reason why this is a difficult problem is because it seems to go against our grain (so to synthesizing took 306.12 seconds Final response in 1294.857 s: I've heard it attributed to a bunch of different philosophical schools, including solipsism, pragmatism, existentialism and even some forms of post-structuralism. i think one of the most interesting (and most difficult) philosophical problems is trying to let dogs (or other animals) out of cages. the reason why this is a difficult problem is because it seems to go against our grain (so to speak)
Note: that I have some other logic that removes any periods at the end of the final sentence in this chatbot setting to avoid coming off as passive aggressive
- Somewhat related to #2 above, fixing/correcting so-called tortured-phrases that are dead giveaways text was generated by a language model. Note that SOME of these are not fixed, especially as they venture into domain-specific terminology (i.e. irregular timberland instead of Random Forest).
More information needed 😉
The following hyperparameters were used during training:
- learning_rate: 0.0004
- train_batch_size: 16
- eval_batch_size: 16
- seed: 42
- distributed_type: multi-GPU
- gradient_accumulation_steps: 32
- total_train_batch_size: 512
- optimizer: Adam with betas=(0.9,0.999) and epsilon=1e-08
- lr_scheduler_type: cosine
- lr_scheduler_warmup_ratio: 0.03
- num_epochs: 4
- Transformers 4.20.1
- Pytorch 1.11.0+cu113
- Datasets 2.3.2
- Tokenizers 0.12.1
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