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Paper: https://arxiv.org/pdf/2310.06694.pdf
Code: https://github.com/princeton-nlp/LLM-Shearing
Models: Sheared-LLaMA-1.3B, Sheared-LLaMA-2.7B
Pruned Models without Continued Pre-training: Sheared-LLaMA-1.3B-Pruned, Sheared-LLaMA-2.7B-Pruned
Instruction-tuned Models: Sheared-LLaMA-1.3B-ShareGPT, Sheared-LLaMA-2.7B-ShareGPT

License: Must comply with license of Llama2 since it's a model derived from Llama2.

Sheared-LLaMA-1.3B is a model pruned and further pre-trained from meta-llama/Llama-2-7b-hf. We dynamically load data from different domains in the RedPajama dataset to prune and contune pre-train the model. We use 0.4B tokens for pruning and 50B tokens for continued pre-training the pruned model. This model can be loaded with HuggingFace via

model = AutoModelForCausalLM.from_pretrained("princeton-nlp/Sheared-LLaMA-1.3B")
  • Smaller-scale
  • Same vocabulary as LLaMA1 and LLaMA2
  • Derived with a budget of 50B tokens by utilizing existing strong LLMs

Downstream Tasks

We evaluate on an extensive set of downstream tasks including reasoning, reading comprehension, language modeling and knowledge intensive tasks. Our Sheared-LLaMA models outperform existing large language models.

Model # Pre-training Tokens Average Performance
LLaMA2-7B 2T 64.6


Model # Pre-training Tokens Average Performance
OPT-1.3B 300B 48.2
Pythia-1.4B 300B 48.9
Sheared-LLaMA-1.3B 50B 51.0


Model # Pre-training Tokens Average Performance
OPT-2.7B 300B 51.4
Pythia-2.8B 300B 52.5
INCITE-Base-3B 800B 54.7
Open-LLaMA-3B-v1 1T 55.1
Open-LLaMA-3B-v2 1T 55.7
Sheared-LLaMA-2.7B 50B 56.7


  title={Sheared llama: Accelerating language model pre-training via structured pruning},
  author={Xia, Mengzhou and Gao, Tianyu and Zeng, Zhiyuan and Chen, Danqi},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:2310.06694},

Open LLM Leaderboard Evaluation Results

Detailed results can be found here

Metric Value
Avg. 31.47
ARC (25-shot) 32.85
HellaSwag (10-shot) 60.91
MMLU (5-shot) 25.71
TruthfulQA (0-shot) 37.14
Winogrande (5-shot) 58.64
GSM8K (5-shot) 0.45
DROP (3-shot) 4.56
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