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t5-large fine-tuned to SQuAD for Generating Question+Answer

  • Input: context (e.g. news article)
  • Output: question <sep> answer

The answers in the training data (SQuAD) are highly extractive; therefore, this model will generate extractive answers. If you would like to have abstractive questions/answers, you can use our model trained on the RACE dataset: https://huggingface.co/potsawee/t5-large-generation-race-QuestionAnswer.

Model Details

t5-large model is fine-tuned to the SQuAD dataset where the input is the context/passage and the output is the question followed by the answer. This is the first component in the question generation pipeline (i.e. g1) in our MQAG paper, or please refer to the GitHub repo of this project: https://github.com/potsawee/mqag0.

How to Use the Model

Use the code below to get started with the model. You can also set do_sample=True in generate() to obtain different question-answer pairs.

>>> from transformers import AutoTokenizer, AutoModelForSeq2SeqLM

>>> tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained("potsawee/t5-large-generation-squad-QuestionAnswer")
>>> model = AutoModelForSeq2SeqLM.from_pretrained("potsawee/t5-large-generation-squad-QuestionAnswer")

>>> context = r"""Chelsea's mini-revival continued with a third victory in a row as they consigned struggling Leicester City to a fifth consecutive defeat.
Buoyed by their Champions League win over Borussia Dortmund, Chelsea started brightly and Ben Chilwell volleyed in from a tight angle against his old club.
Chelsea's Joao Felix and Leicester's Kiernan Dewsbury-Hall hit the woodwork in the space of two minutes, then Felix had a goal ruled out by the video assistant referee for offside.
Patson Daka rifled home an excellent equaliser after Ricardo Pereira won the ball off the dawdling Felix outside the box.
But Kai Havertz pounced six minutes into first-half injury time with an excellent dinked finish from Enzo Fernandez's clever aerial ball.
Mykhailo Mudryk thought he had his first goal for the Blues after the break but his effort was disallowed for offside.
Mateo Kovacic sealed the win as he volleyed in from Mudryk's header.
The sliding Foxes, who ended with 10 men following Wout Faes' late dismissal for a second booking, now just sit one point outside the relegation zone.
""".replace('\n', ' ')

>>> inputs = tokenizer(context, return_tensors="pt")
>>> outputs = model.generate(**inputs, max_length=100)
>>> question_answer = tokenizer.decode(outputs[0], skip_special_tokens=False)
>>> question_answer = question_answer.replace(tokenizer.pad_token, "").replace(tokenizer.eos_token, "")
>>> question, answer = question_answer.split(tokenizer.sep_token)

>>> print("question:", question)
question:  Who scored the winner for Chelsea?
>>> print("answer:", answer)
answer:  Mateo Kovacic

Generating Distractors (other options in a multiple-choice setup)

Context ---> Question + (A) Answer (B) Distractor1 (C) Distractor2 (D) Distractor3

Please refer to our distractor generation model, e.g. https://huggingface.co/potsawee/t5-large-generation-race-Distractor


  title={MQAG: Multiple-choice Question Answering and Generation for Assessing Information Consistency in Summarization},
  author={Manakul, Potsawee and Liusie, Adian and Gales, Mark JF},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:2301.12307},
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