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The model is trained on a collection of almost 5GB Greek texts, with the main source to be from Greek Wikipedia. The content is extracted using the Wikiextractor tool (Attardi, 2012). The dataset is constructed as 5 sentences per sample (about 3.7 millions of samples) and the end of document is marked with the string <|endoftext|> providing the model with paragraph information, as done for the original GPT-2 training set by Radford . The input sentences are pre-processed and tokenized using 22,000 merges of byte-pair encoding.


The model is the "small" version of GPT-2 (12-layer, 768-hidden, 12-heads) with the only difference that the maximum sequence length is set at 512 tokens instead of 1024.

Training details:

It is trained from scratch a generative Transformer model as GPT-2 on a large corpus of Greek text so that the model can generate long stretches of contiguous coherent text. Attention dropouts with a rate of 0.1 are used for regularization on all layers and L2 weight decay of 0,01. In addition, a batch size of 4 and accumulated gradients over 8 iterations are used, resulting in an effective batch size of 32. The model uses the Adam optimization scheme with a learning rate of 1e-4 and is trained for 20 epochs. The learning rate increases linearly from zero over the first 9000 updates and decreases linearly by using a linear schedule. The implementation is based on the open-source PyTorch-transformer library (HuggingFace 2019).

Cited in:

- Alexandridis, G.; Varlamis, I.; Korovesis, K.; Caridakis, G.; Tsantilas, P. (2021). A Survey on Sentiment Analysis and Opinion Mining in Greek Social Media. Information, 12(8), 331. https://doi.org/10.3390/info12080331
- Aivatoglou, Georgios. (2022). Aspect-Based Sentiment Analysis in Greek Data. MSc Thesis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Faculty of Sciences, School of Informatics, Intelligence Systems Lab. Supervising Professor: Dr. Ioannis Vlahavas. March 2022.
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