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VipLlava

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VipLlava

Overview

The VipLlava model was proposed in Making Large Multimodal Models Understand Arbitrary Visual Prompts by Mu Cai, Haotian Liu, Siva Karthik Mustikovela, Gregory P. Meyer, Yuning Chai, Dennis Park, Yong Jae Lee.

VipLlava enhances the training protocol of Llava by marking images and interact with the model using natural cues like a “red bounding box” or “pointed arrow” during training.

The abstract from the paper is the following:

While existing large vision-language multimodal models focus on whole image understanding, there is a prominent gap in achieving region-specific comprehension. Current approaches that use textual coordinates or spatial encodings often fail to provide a user-friendly interface for visual prompting. To address this challenge, we introduce a novel multimodal model capable of decoding arbitrary visual prompts. This allows users to intuitively mark images and interact with the model using natural cues like a “red bounding box” or “pointed arrow”. Our simple design directly overlays visual markers onto the RGB image, eliminating the need for complex region encodings, yet achieves state-of-the-art performance on region-understanding tasks like Visual7W, PointQA, and Visual Commonsense Reasoning benchmark. Furthermore, we present ViP-Bench, a comprehensive benchmark to assess the capability of models in understanding visual prompts across multiple dimensions, enabling future research in this domain. Code, data, and model are publicly available.

Tips:

  • The architecture is similar than llava architecture except that the multi-modal projector takes a set of concatenated vision hidden states and has an additional layernorm layer on that module.

  • We advise users to use padding_side="left" when computing batched generation as it leads to more accurate results. Simply make sure to call processor.tokenizer.padding_side = "left" before generating.

  • Note the model has not been explicitly trained to process multiple images in the same prompt, although this is technically possible, you may experience inaccurate results.

  • For better results, we recommend users to prompt the model with the correct prompt format:

A chat between a curious human and an artificial intelligence assistant. The assistant gives helpful, detailed, and polite answers to the human's questions.###Human: <image>\n<prompt>###Assistant:

For multiple turns conversation:

A chat between a curious human and an artificial intelligence assistant. The assistant gives helpful, detailed, and polite answers to the human's questions.###Human: <image>\n<prompt1>###Assistant: <answer1>###Human: <prompt2>###Assistant:

The original code can be found here.

This model was contributed by Younes Belkada

VipLlavaConfig

class transformers.VipLlavaConfig

< >

( vision_config = None text_config = None ignore_index = -100 image_token_index = 32000 projector_hidden_act = 'gelu' projector_layernorm_eps = 1e-05 vision_feature_layers = [-2, -5, -8, -11, 6] vocab_size = 32000 **kwargs )

Parameters

  • vision_config (VipLlavaVisionConfig, optional) — Custom vision config or dict
  • text_config (Union[AutoConfig, dict], optional) — The config object of the text backbone. Can be any of LlamaConfig or MistralConfig.
  • ignore_index (int, optional, defaults to -100) — The ignore index for the loss function.
  • image_token_index (int, optional, defaults to 32000) — The image token index to encode the image prompt.
  • projector_hidden_act (str, optional, defaults to "gelu") — The activation function used by the multimodal projector.
  • projector_layernorm_eps (float, optional, defaults to 1e-05) — The layer norm epsilon of the projector layernorm
  • vision_feature_layers (List[int], optional, defaults to [-2, -5, -8, -11, 6]) — The list of layers to select the vision features from.
  • vocab_size (int, optional, defaults to 32000) — Vocabulary size of the VipLlava model. Defines the number of different tokens that can be represented by the inputs_ids passed when calling ~VipLlavaForConditionalGeneration

This is the configuration class to store the configuration of a VipLlavaForConditionalGeneration. It is used to instantiate an VipLlava model according to the specified arguments, defining the model architecture. Instantiating a configuration with the defaults will yield a similar configuration to that of the VipLlava-9B.

e.g. ybelkada/vip-llava-7b-hf

Configuration objects inherit from PretrainedConfig and can be used to control the model outputs. Read the documentation from PretrainedConfig for more information.

Example:

>>> from transformers import VipLlavaForConditionalGeneration, VipLlavaConfig, CLIPVisionConfig, LlamaConfig

>>> # Initializing a CLIP-vision config
>>> vision_config = CLIPVisionConfig()

>>> # Initializing a Llama config
>>> text_config = LlamaConfig()

>>> # Initializing a VipLlava vipllava-7b style configuration
>>> configuration = VipLlavaConfig(vision_config, text_config)

>>> # Initializing a model from the vipllava-7b style configuration
>>> model = VipLlavaForConditionalGeneration(configuration)

>>> # Accessing the model configuration
>>> configuration = model.config

VipLlavaForConditionalGeneration

class transformers.VipLlavaForConditionalGeneration

< >

( config: VipLlavaConfig )

Parameters

  • config (VipLlavaConfig or VipLlavaVisionConfig) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

The VIPLLAVA model which consists of a vision backbone and a language model. This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a PyTorch torch.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( input_ids: LongTensor = None pixel_values: FloatTensor = None attention_mask: Optional = None position_ids: Optional = None past_key_values: Optional = None inputs_embeds: Optional = None vision_feature_layers: Optional = None labels: Optional = None use_cache: Optional = None output_attentions: Optional = None output_hidden_states: Optional = None return_dict: Optional = None ) transformers.models.vipllava.modeling_vipllava.VipLlavaCausalLMOutputWithPast or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • input_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary. Padding will be ignored by default should you provide it.

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • pixel_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, num_channels, image_size, image_size)) -- The tensors corresponding to the input images. Pixel values can be obtained using [AutoImageProcessor](/docs/transformers/v4.38.2/en/model_doc/auto#transformers.AutoImageProcessor). See [CLIPImageProcessor.__call__()](/docs/transformers/v4.38.2/en/model_doc/layoutlmv2#transformers.LayoutLMv2FeatureExtractor.__call__) for details ([]LlavaProcessor`] uses CLIPImageProcessor for processing images).
  • attention_mask (torch.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    Indices can be obtained using AutoTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() and PreTrainedTokenizer.call() for details.

    If past_key_values is used, optionally only the last decoder_input_ids have to be input (see past_key_values).

    If you want to change padding behavior, you should read modeling_opt._prepare_decoder_attention_mask and modify to your needs. See diagram 1 in the paper for more information on the default strategy.

    • 1 indicates the head is not masked,
    • 0 indicates the head is masked.
  • position_ids (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.n_positions - 1]. What are position IDs?
  • past_key_values (tuple(tuple(torch.FloatTensor)), optional, returned when use_cache=True is passed or when config.use_cache=True) — Tuple of tuple(torch.FloatTensor) of length config.n_layers, with each tuple having 2 tensors of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, embed_size_per_head)) and 2 additional tensors of shape (batch_size, num_heads, encoder_sequence_length, embed_size_per_head).

    Contains pre-computed hidden-states (key and values in the self-attention blocks and in the cross-attention blocks) that can be used (see past_key_values input) to speed up sequential decoding.

    If past_key_values are used, the user can optionally input only the last decoder_input_ids (those that don’t have their past key value states given to this model) of shape (batch_size, 1) instead of all decoder_input_ids of shape (batch_size, sequence_length).

  • inputs_embeds (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size), optional) — Optionally, instead of passing input_ids you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_ids indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.
  • use_cache (bool, optional) — If set to True, past_key_values key value states are returned and can be used to speed up decoding (see past_key_values).
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

    Args — labels (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional): Labels for computing the masked language modeling loss. Indices should either be in [0, ..., config.vocab_size] or -100 (see input_ids docstring). Tokens with indices set to -100 are ignored (masked), the loss is only computed for the tokens with labels in [0, ..., config.vocab_size].

Returns

transformers.models.vipllava.modeling_vipllava.VipLlavaCausalLMOutputWithPast or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.models.vipllava.modeling_vipllava.VipLlavaCausalLMOutputWithPast or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (VipLlavaConfig) and inputs.

  • loss (torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,), optional, returned when labels is provided) — Language modeling loss (for next-token prediction).

  • logits (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.vocab_size)) — Prediction scores of the language modeling head (scores for each vocabulary token before SoftMax).

  • past_key_values (tuple(tuple(torch.FloatTensor)), optional, returned when use_cache=True is passed or when config.use_cache=True) — Tuple of tuple(torch.FloatTensor) of length config.n_layers, with each tuple having 2 tensors of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, embed_size_per_head))

    Contains pre-computed hidden-states (key and values in the self-attention blocks) that can be used (see past_key_values input) to speed up sequential decoding.

  • hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings, if the model has an embedding layer, + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the optional initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

  • image_hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the image embeddings, (batch_size, num_images, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    image_hidden_states of the model produced by the vision encoder, and optionally by the perceiver

The VipLlavaForConditionalGeneration forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Example:

>>> import torch
>>> from PIL import Image
>>> import requests
>>> from transformers import AutoProcessor, VipLlavaForConditionalGeneration

>>> model = VipLlavaForConditionalGeneration.from_pretrained("llava-hf/vip-llava-7b-hf", device_map="auto", torch_dtype=torch.float16)
>>> processor = AutoProcessor.from_pretrained("llava-hf/vip-llava-7b-hf")

>>> prompt = "A chat between a curious human and an artificial intelligence assistant. The assistant gives helpful, detailed, and polite answers to the human's questions.###Human: <image>\n{}###Assistant:"
>>> question = "Can you please describe this image?"
>>> prompt = prompt.format(question)
>>> url = "https://huggingface.co/datasets/huggingface/documentation-images/resolve/main/diffusers/compel-neg.png"
>>> image = Image.open(requests.get(url, stream=True).raw)

>>> inputs = processor(text=text, images=image, return_tensors="pt").to(0, torch.float16)

>>> # Generate
>>> generate_ids = model.generate(**inputs, max_new_tokens=20)
>>> processor.decode(generate_ids[0][len(inputs["input_ids"][0]):], skip_special_tokens=True)
The image features a brown and white cat sitting on a green surface, with a red ball in its