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{ "PMID": 13, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 1, "Day": 23 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 23 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Action of propranolol on mitochondrial functions--effects on energized ion fluxes in the presence of valinomycin.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Järvisalo", "Saris" ], "ForeName": [ "J", "N E" ], "Initials": [ "J", "NE" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [ "G9901400" ], "Agency": [ "Medical Research Council" ], "Country": [ "United Kingdom" ] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "2001-95-8", "8L70Q75FXE", "9Y8NXQ24VQ", "EC 3.6.1.-", "RRU6GY95IS", "RWP5GA015D" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Valinomycin", "Adenosine Triphosphate", "Propranolol", "Adenosine Triphosphatases", "Nigericin", "Potassium" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adenosine Triphosphatases", "Adenosine Triphosphate", "Animals", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "In Vitro Techniques", "Mitochondria", "Mitochondria, Liver", "Mitochondrial Swelling", "Nigericin", "Oxidative Phosphorylation", "Oxygen Consumption", "Potassium", "Propranolol", "Rats", "Time Factors", "Valinomycin" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "pharmacology", "", "", "", "drug effects", "enzymology", "drug effects", "pharmacology", "drug effects", "drug effects", "pharmacology", "pharmacology", "", "", "pharmacology" ] } } }
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{ "PMID": 14, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 1, "Day": 23 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Malathion A and B esterases of mouse liver-I.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Bhagwat", "Ramachandran" ], "ForeName": [ "V M", "B V" ], "Initials": [ "VM", "BV" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [ "G0100165" ], "Agency": [ "Medical Research Council" ], "Country": [ "United Kingdom" ] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "EC 3.1.-", "U5N7SU872W" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Metals", "Sulfhydryl Compounds", "Esterases", "Malathion" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Drug Stability", "Esterases", "Female", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Liver", "Malathion", "Male", "Metals", "Mice", "Sex Factors", "Sulfhydryl Compounds" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "analysis", "", "", "enzymology", "metabolism", "", "pharmacology", "", "", "pharmacology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "14", "0006-2952(75)90011-8", "10.1016/0006-2952(75)90011-8" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 9, 9, 9 ], "Day": [ 15, 15, 15 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 15, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 1, "Day": 23 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2021, "Month": 1, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Increase in acetyl CoA synthetase activity after phenobarbital treatment.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Akamatsu", "Nakajima", "Ono", "Miura" ], "ForeName": [ "N", "H", "M", "Y" ], "Initials": [ "N", "H", "M", "Y" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "98600C0908", "EC 2.6.1.16", "EC 2.7.-", "EC 3.1.1.6", "EC 6.2.1.-", "EC 6.2.1.1", "N08U5BOQ1K", "V956696549", "YQE403BP4D" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Proteins", "Cycloheximide", "Glutamine-Fructose-6-Phosphate Transaminase (Isomerizing)", "Phosphotransferases", "Acetylesterase", "Coenzyme A Ligases", "Acetate-CoA Ligase", "Glucosamine", "Acetylglucosamine", "Phenobarbital" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Acetate-CoA Ligase", "Acetylesterase", "Acetylglucosamine", "Animals", "Coenzyme A Ligases", "Cycloheximide", "Glucosamine", "Glutamine-Fructose-6-Phosphate Transaminase (Isomerizing)", "Liver", "Male", "Phenobarbital", "Phosphotransferases", "Proteins", "Rats", "Stimulation, Chemical" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "metabolism", "", "", "metabolism", "pharmacology", "", "metabolism", "drug effects", "", "pharmacology", "metabolism", "metabolism", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "15", "0006-2952(75)90013-1", "10.1016/0006-2952(75)90013-1" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 9, 9, 9 ], "Day": [ 15, 15, 15 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 16, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 1, "Day": 23 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Inhibition of aldehyde reductase by acidic metabolites of the biogenic amines.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Turner", "Hick" ], "ForeName": [ "A J", "P E" ], "Initials": [ "AJ", "PE" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "53-59-8", "EC 1.2.-", "X77S6GMS36" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Biogenic Amines", "Pyrimidines", "NADP", "Aldehyde Oxidoreductases", "Homovanillic Acid" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Aldehyde Oxidoreductases", "Animals", "Biogenic Amines", "Brain", "Homovanillic Acid", "In Vitro Techniques", "Kinetics", "NADP", "Pyrimidines", "Sheep" ], "QualifierName": [ "antagonists & inhibitors", "", "metabolism", "enzymology", "pharmacology", "", "", "", "pharmacology", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "16", "0006-2952(75)90016-7", "10.1016/0006-2952(75)90016-7" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 9, 9, 9 ], "Day": [ 15, 15, 15 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 17, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 1, "Day": 23 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2021, "Month": 1, "Day": 7 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Effects of 5,6-dihydroxytryptamine on tyrosine-hydroxylase activity in central catecholaminergic neurons of the rat.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Renaud", "Buda", "Lewis", "Pujol" ], "ForeName": [ "B", "M", "B D", "J F" ], "Initials": [ "B", "M", "BD", "JF" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [ "HERU1" ], "Agency": [ "Chief Scientist Office" ], "Country": [ "United Kingdom" ] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "EC 1.14.16.2", "W2QY253O8S" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Catecholamines", "Tryptamines", "Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase", "5,6-Dihydroxytryptamine" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "5,6-Dihydroxytryptamine", "Animals", "Brain", "Catecholamines", "Cerebral Cortex", "Cisterna Magna", "Corpus Striatum", "In Vitro Techniques", "Injections", "Male", "Neurons", "Rats", "Rats, Inbred Strains", "Stimulation, Chemical", "Substantia Nigra", "Time Factors", "Tryptamines", "Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase" ], "QualifierName": [ "administration & dosage", "", "enzymology", "physiology", "enzymology", "", "enzymology", "", "", "", "enzymology", "", "", "", "enzymology", "", "pharmacology", "metabolism" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "17", "0006-2952(75)90018-0", "10.1016/0006-2952(75)90018-0" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 9, 9, 9 ], "Day": [ 15, 15, 15 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 18, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 1, "Day": 29 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 23 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Inhibition of aldehyde reductase isoenzymes in human and rat brain.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Ris", "Deitrich", "Von Wartburg" ], "ForeName": [ "M M", "R A", "J P" ], "Initials": [ "MM", "RA", "JP" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "0", "0", "0U46U6E8UK", "53-59-8", "C8I4BVN78E", "EC 1.2.-" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Anticonvulsants", "Barbiturates", "Hydantoins", "Isoenzymes", "Succinimides", "NAD", "NADP", "Glutethimide", "Aldehyde Oxidoreductases" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Aldehyde Oxidoreductases", "Animals", "Anticonvulsants", "Barbiturates", "Brain", "Glutethimide", "Humans", "Hydantoins", "In Vitro Techniques", "Isoenzymes", "Kinetics", "NAD", "NADP", "Rats", "Succinimides" ], "QualifierName": [ "antagonists & inhibitors", "", "pharmacology", "pharmacology", "enzymology", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology", "", "antagonists & inhibitors", "", "metabolism", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "18", "0006-2952(75)90405-0", "10.1016/0006-2952(75)90405-0" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 10, 10, 10 ], "Day": [ 15, 15, 15 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 19, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 1, "Day": 29 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Antidepressant drugs affect dopamine uptake.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Halaris", "Belendiuk", "Freedman" ], "ForeName": [ "A E", "K T", "D X" ], "Initials": [ "AE", "KT", "DX" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "VTD58H1Z2X" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Antidepressive Agents", "Central Nervous System Stimulants", "Dopamine" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Antidepressive Agents", "Brain", "Central Nervous System Stimulants", "Depression, Chemical", "Dopamine", "In Vitro Techniques", "Male", "Rats" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "pharmacology", "drug effects", "pharmacology", "", "metabolism", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "19", "0006-2952(75)90412-8", "10.1016/0006-2952(75)90412-8" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 10, 10, 10 ], "Day": [ 15, 15, 15 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 20, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 1, "Day": 29 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Aggregation of blood platelets by adrenaline and its uptake.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Barthel", "Markwardt" ], "ForeName": [ "W", "F" ], "Initials": [ "W", "F" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "436O5HM03C", "8NA5SWF92O", "YKH834O4BH" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Dihydroergotamine", "Lysergic Acid Diethylamide", "Epinephrine" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Blood Platelets", "Dihydroergotamine", "Drug Interactions", "Epinephrine", "In Vitro Techniques", "Lysergic Acid Diethylamide", "Platelet Aggregation", "Rabbits" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "metabolism", "pharmacology", "", "blood", "", "pharmacology", "drug effects", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "20", "0006-2952(75)90415-3", "10.1016/0006-2952(75)90415-3" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 10, 10, 10 ], "Day": [ 15, 15, 15 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 21, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 1, "Day": 26 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2017, "Month": 3, "Day": 22 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "(--)-alpha-Bisabolol has a primary antipeptic action depending on dosage, which is not caused by an alteration of the pH-value. The proteolytic activity of pepsin is reduced by 50 percent through addition of bisabolol in the ratio of 1/0.5. The antipeptic action of bisabolol only occurs in case of direct contact. In case of a previous contact with the substrate, the inhibiting effect is lost." }, "ArticleTitle": "[Biochemical studies on camomile components/III. In vitro studies about the antipeptic activity of (--)-alpha-bisabolol (author's transl)].", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Isaac", "Thiemer" ], "ForeName": [ "O", "K" ], "Initials": [ "O", "K" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "ger", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "English Abstract", "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Germany" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "42HK56048U", "5V2JDO056X", "EC 3.4.23.1" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Hemoglobins", "Sesquiterpenes", "Tyrosine", "Trichloroacetic Acid", "Pepsin A" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Dose-Response Relationship, Drug", "Hemoglobins", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "In Vitro Techniques", "Methods", "Pepsin A", "Plants, Medicinal", "Sesquiterpenes", "Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet", "Trichloroacetic Acid", "Tyrosine" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "metabolism", "", "", "", "antagonists & inhibitors", "", "pharmacology", "", "", "metabolism" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "21" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 9, 9, 9 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 22, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 1, "Day": 26 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2021, "Month": 12, "Day": 3 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "A report is given on the recent discovery of outstanding immunological properties in BA 1 [N-(2-cyanoethylene)-urea] having a (low) molecular mass M = 111.104. Experiments in 214 DS carcinosarcoma bearing Wistar rats have shown that BA 1, at a dosage of only about 12 percent LD50 (150 mg kg) and negligible lethality (1.7 percent), results in a recovery rate of 40 percent without hyperglycemia and, in one test, of 80 percent with hyperglycemia. Under otherwise unchanged conditions the reference substance ifosfamide (IF) -- a further development of cyclophosphamide -- applied without hyperglycemia in its most efficient dosage of 47 percent LD50 (150 mg kg) brought about a recovery rate of 25 percent at a lethality of 18 percent. (Contrary to BA 1, 250-min hyperglycemia caused no further improvement of the recovery rate.) However this comparison is characterized by the fact that both substances exhibit two quite different (complementary) mechanisms of action. Leucocyte counts made after application of the said cancerostatics and dosages have shown a pronounced stimulation with BA 1 and with ifosfamide, the known suppression in the post-therapeutic interval usually found with standard cancerostatics. In combination with the cited plaque test for BA 1, blood pictures then allow conclusions on the immunity status. Since IF can be taken as one of the most efficient cancerostatics--there is no other chemotherapeutic known up to now that has a more significant effect on the DS carcinosarcoma in rats -- these findings are of special importance. Finally, the total amount of leucocytes and lymphocytes as well as their time behaviour was determined from the blood picture of tumour-free rats after i.v. application of BA 1. The thus obtained numerical values clearly show that further research work on the prophylactic use of this substance seems to be necessary and very promising." }, "ArticleTitle": "[Demonstration of tumor inhibiting properties of a strongly immunostimulating low-molecular weight substance. Comparative studies with ifosfamide on the immuno-labile DS carcinosarcoma. Stimulation of the autoimmune activity for approx. 20 days by BA 1, a N-(2-cyanoethylene)-urea. Novel prophylactic possibilities].", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Ardenne", "Reitnauer" ], "ForeName": [ "M", "P G" ], "Initials": [ "M", "PG" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "ger", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Comparative Study", "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Germany" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "8N3DW7272P", "8W8T17847W", "UM20QQM95Y" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Antineoplastic Agents", "Cyclophosphamide", "Urea", "Ifosfamide" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Antineoplastic Agents", "Carcinosarcoma", "Cyclophosphamide", "Drug Evaluation, Preclinical", "Drug Tolerance", "Erythrocyte Count", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Hyperglycemia", "Ifosfamide", "Immunity", "Immunosuppression Therapy", "Lethal Dose 50", "Leukocyte Count", "Male", "Mice", "Neoplasms, Experimental", "Rats", "Stimulation, Chemical", "Time Factors", "Urea" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "pharmacology", "drug therapy", "analogs & derivatives", "", "", "", "", "", "pharmacology", "drug effects", "", "", "", "", "", "drug therapy", "", "", "", "analogs & derivatives" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "22" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 9, 9, 9 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 23, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 1, "Day": 26 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The distribution of blood flow to the subendocardial, medium and subepicardial layers of the left ventricular free wall was studied in anaesthetized dogs under normoxic (A), hypoxic (B) conditions and under pharmacologically induced (etafenone) coronary vasodilation (C). Regional myocardial blood flow was determined by means of the particle distribution method. In normoxia a transmural gradient of flow was observed, with the subendocardial layers receiving a significantly higher flow rate compared with the subepicardial layers. In hypoxia induced vasodilation this transmural gradient of flow was persistent. In contrast a marked redistribution of regional flow was observed under pharmacologically induced vasodilation. The transmural gradient decreased. In contrast to some findings these experiments demonstrate that a considerable vasodilatory capacity exists in all layers of the myocardium and can be utilized by drugs. The differences observed for the intramural distribution pattern of flow under hypoxia and drug induced vasodilation support the hypothesis that this pattern reflects corresponding gradients of regional myocardial metabolism." }, "ArticleTitle": "Effect of etafenone on total and regional myocardial blood flow.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Flohr", "Breull" ], "ForeName": [ "H", "W" ], "Initials": [ "H", "W" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [ "G0700399" ], "Agency": [ "Medical Research Council" ], "Country": [ "United Kingdom" ] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Germany" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "142M471B3J", "S88TT14065" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Propiophenones", "Vasodilator Agents", "Carbon Dioxide", "Oxygen" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Blood Pressure", "Carbon Dioxide", "Cardiac Output", "Coronary Circulation", "Coronary Vessels", "Dogs", "Heart Rate", "Heart Septum", "Heart Ventricles", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Hypoxia", "Oxygen", "Propiophenones", "Vasodilator Agents" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "drug effects", "blood", "drug effects", "drug effects", "drug effects", "", "drug effects", "", "", "", "physiopathology", "blood", "pharmacology", "pharmacology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "23" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 9, 9, 9 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 24, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 1, "Day": 26 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The virostatic compound N,N-diethyl-4-[2-(2-oxo-3-tetradecyl-1-imidazolidinyl)-ethyl]-1-piperazinecarboxamide-hydrochloride (5531) was analyzed as to its effect on the induction of tryptophan-pyrrolase and tyrosineaminotransferase in rat liver. 1. The basic activity of the enzymes was not influenced by the substance either in normal or in adrenalectomized animals. 2. The induction of the enzymes by cortisone increased in the presence of the compound whereas the substrate induction remained unchanged. 3. The induction of tyrosine-aminotransferase by dexamethasonephosphate in tissue culture is inhibited if the dose of compound 5531 is higher than 5 mug/ml." }, "ArticleTitle": "Influence of a new virostatic compound on the induction of enzymes in rat liver.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Kröger", "Donner", "Skiello" ], "ForeName": [ "H", "I", "G" ], "Initials": [ "H", "I", "G" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Germany" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "42HK56048U", "EC 1.13.11.11", "EC 2.6.1.5", "V27W9254FZ" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Antiviral Agents", "Imidazoles", "Piperazines", "Tyrosine", "Tryptophan Oxygenase", "Tyrosine Transaminase", "Cortisone" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adrenalectomy", "Animals", "Antiviral Agents", "Cortisone", "Culture Techniques", "Dose-Response Relationship, Drug", "Enzyme Induction", "Female", "Imidazoles", "Liver", "Piperazines", "Rats", "Time Factors", "Tryptophan Oxygenase", "Tyrosine", "Tyrosine Transaminase" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "pharmacology", "pharmacology", "", "", "drug effects", "", "pharmacology", "enzymology", "pharmacology", "", "", "metabolism", "pharmacology", "metabolism" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "24" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 9, 9, 9 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 25, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 1, "Day": 26 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2017, "Month": 3, "Day": 22 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "RMI 61 140, RMI 61 144 and RMI 61 280 are newly synthetized N-[8-R-dibenzo(b,f)oxepin-10-yl]-N'-methyl-piperazine-maleates which show interesting psychopharmacologic effects. This work contains the results of a study performed with these three compounds, in order to demonstrate their neuropsycholeptic activity in comparison with chloropromazine (CPZ) and chlordiazepoxide (CPD). The inhibition of motility observed in mice shows that the compounds reduce the normal spontaneous motility as well as the muscle tone. The central-depressant activity is evidenced by increased barbiturate-induced sleep and a remarkable eyelid ptosis can also be observed. Our compounds do not show any activity on electroshock just as do CPZ and CPD. As to the antipsychotic outline, our compounds show strong reduction of lethality due to amphetamine in grouped mice and a strong antiapomorphine activity. They show also an antiaggressive effect and an inhibitory activity on avoidance behaviour much stronger than CPZ. We have also found extrapyramidal effects, as catalepsy, common to many tranquillizers of the kind of the standards used by us. As for vegetative phenomena, the compounds show hypotensive dose related action ranging from moderate to strong, probably due to an a-receptor inhibition. Adrenolytic activity against lethal doses of adrenaline, antiserotonin and antihistaminic effects, as well as other actions (hypothermia, analgesia, etc.) confirm that RMI 61 140, RMI 61 144 and RMI 61 280 are endowed with pharmacologic properties similar and more potent than those of CPZ. Studies on the metabolism of brain catecholamines show that they are similar to CPZ, although with less effect on dopamine level." }, "ArticleTitle": "Pharmacological properties of new neuroleptic compounds.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Coscia", "Causa", "Giuliani", "Nunziata" ], "ForeName": [ "L", "P", "E", "A" ], "Initials": [ "L", "P", "E", "A" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Comparative Study", "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Germany" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "0", "6RZ6XEZ3CR", "CK833KGX7E", "N21FAR7B4S", "U42B7VYA4P", "YKH834O4BH" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Dibenzoxepins", "Histamine H1 Antagonists", "Piperazines", "Tranquilizing Agents", "Chlordiazepoxide", "Amphetamine", "Apomorphine", "Chlorpromazine", "Epinephrine" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Aggression", "Amphetamine", "Animals", "Apomorphine", "Avoidance Learning", "Behavior, Animal", "Blood Pressure", "Chlordiazepoxide", "Chlorpromazine", "Dibenzoxepins", "Drug Evaluation, Preclinical", "Epinephrine", "Guinea Pigs", "Histamine H1 Antagonists", "Humans", "Lethal Dose 50", "Male", "Mice", "Motor Activity", "Muscle Contraction", "Piperazines", "Rats", "Sleep", "Time Factors", "Tranquilizing Agents" ], "QualifierName": [ "drug effects", "antagonists & inhibitors", "", "antagonists & inhibitors", "drug effects", "drug effects", "drug effects", "pharmacology", "pharmacology", "pharmacology", "", "antagonists & inhibitors", "", "", "", "", "", "", "drug effects", "drug effects", "pharmacology", "", "drug effects", "", "pharmacology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "25" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 9, 9, 9 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 26, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 1, "Day": 26 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2018, "Month": 12, "Day": 3 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "A double-blind study with intra-individual comparisons was carried out to investigate the effects of 15 mg of (8r)-3alpha-hydroxy-8-isopropyl-1alphaH-tropanium bromide(+/-)-tropate (Sch 1000), 15 mg Sch 1000 + 10 mg oxazepam, 10 mg oxazepam and placebo with oral administration in randomized sequence on gastric juice volume, amount of acid, concentration and pH values in 12 healthy volunteers. The secretion parameters were measured during a 1-h basal period and a 2-h stimulation period. The gastric juice was obtained in 15 min portions via stomach tube. Stimulation was effected by 1 mug/kg/h pentagastrin via drip infusion. The Friedman test was used for the comparative statistical evaluation, and individual comparisons were carried out by means of the Wilcoxon test (pair-differences rank). The results show that Sch 1000 and Sch 1000 + oxazepam were equal in effect on basal and stimulated secretion volume. As compared with placebo, it was not possible to establish an effect on secretion volume for oxazepam alone. Sch 1000 and Sch 1000 + oxazepam were found to be equipotent in reducing the amount of basal acid, while oxazepam reduced this quantity only during the first 30 min of basal secretion. None of the three active preparations was capable of inhibiting the stimulated acid, although both Sch 1000 preparations produced a clear trend towards lowered mean values. During the basal secretion period, all three test preparations had an inhibiting action on acid concentration, but none of them had a significant effect during the stimulation period. The pH value was savely increased only by Sch 1000 and Sch 1000 + oxazepam, and this even only during the basal period. The results are discussed." }, "ArticleTitle": "[Studies on the action of an anticholinergic agent in combination with a tranquilizer on gastric juice secretion in man].", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Scherberger", "Kaess", "Brückner" ], "ForeName": [ "R R", "H", "S" ], "Initials": [ "RR", "H", "S" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "ger", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Clinical Trial", "Comparative Study", "Journal Article", "Randomized Controlled Trial" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Germany" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "6GOW6DWN2A", "EF0NX91490", "GR88G0I6UL" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Atropine Derivatives", "Drug Combinations", "Oxazepam", "Pentagastrin", "Ipratropium" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adult", "Atropine Derivatives", "Clinical Trials as Topic", "Depression, Chemical", "Drug Combinations", "Female", "Gastric Juice", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Ipratropium", "Male", "Middle Aged", "Oxazepam", "Pentagastrin", "Time Factors" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "", "", "", "metabolism", "", "", "pharmacology", "", "", "pharmacology", "antagonists & inhibitors", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "26" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 9, 9, 9 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 27, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Editorial: \"Old lamps for new\".", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Conway" ], "ForeName": [ "C M" ], "Initials": [ "CM" ], "CollectiveName": [ "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "290YE8AR51", "30905R8O7B", "75-89-8", "91I69L5AY5", "CYS9AKD70P", "UQT9G45D1P" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Ethers", "Trichloroethylene", "Methoxyflurane", "Trifluoroethanol", "Enflurane", "Isoflurane", "Halothane" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Anesthesia, Inhalation", "Arrhythmias, Cardiac", "Enflurane", "Ethers", "Halothane", "Humans", "Isoflurane", "Kidney Diseases", "Methoxyflurane", "Trichloroethylene", "Trifluoroethanol" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "chemically induced", "", "", "", "", "", "chemically induced", "adverse effects", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "27", "S0007-0912(17)47631-8" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 8, 8, 8 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 28, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 19 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Letter: Duration of action of AH8165.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Thornton", "Harrison" ], "ForeName": [ "J A", "M J" ], "Initials": [ "JA", "MJ" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Pyridinium Compounds" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Dose-Response Relationship, Drug", "Hemodynamics", "Humans", "Pyridinium Compounds", "Time Factors" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "drug effects", "", "administration & dosage", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "28", "10.1093/bja/47.9.1033" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 9, 9, 9 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 29, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2017, "Month": 3, "Day": 22 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Lorazepam in sexual disorders.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Maneksha", "Harry" ], "ForeName": [ "S", "T V" ], "Initials": [ "S", "TV" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Clinical Trial", "Journal Article", "Randomized Controlled Trial" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "O26FZP769L" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Anti-Anxiety Agents", "Placebos", "Lorazepam" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adult", "Anti-Anxiety Agents", "Anxiety", "Clinical Trials as Topic", "Female", "Humans", "Lorazepam", "Male", "Placebos", "Psychotherapy", "Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "therapeutic use", "drug therapy", "", "", "", "therapeutic use", "", "", "", "drug therapy" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "29" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 7, 7, 7 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 30, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Seven distinct glycosidases (EC 3.2) have been characterized in guinea-pig epidermis. Their properties indicate them to be of lysosomal origin. The 'profile' of the epidermal glycosidases is significantly different from that reported for whole skin, the activities of beta-galactosidase and beta-acetylglucosaminidase being very high and those of the remaining enzymes relatively low in epidermis." }, "ArticleTitle": "Lysosomal hydrolases of the epidermis. I. Glycosidases.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Mier", "van den Hurk" ], "ForeName": [ "P D", "J J" ], "Initials": [ "PD", "JJ" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [ "MC_UP_A620_1017" ], "Agency": [ "Medical Research Council" ], "Country": [ "United Kingdom" ] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "EC 3.2.1.-", "EC 3.2.1.-", "EC 3.2.1.52" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Galactosidases", "Glycoside Hydrolases", "Acetylglucosaminidase" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Acetylglucosaminidase", "Animals", "Galactosidases", "Glycoside Hydrolases", "Guinea Pigs", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Lysosomes", "Skin" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "", "metabolism", "metabolism", "", "", "", "enzymology", "enzymology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "30", "10.1111/j.1365-2133.1975.tb06468.x" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 7, 7, 7 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 31, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Five distinct ester hydrolases (EC 3-1) have been characterized in guinea-pig epidermis. These are carboxylic esterase, acid phosphatase, pyrophosphatase, and arylsulphatase A and B. Their properties are consistent with those of lysosomal enzymes." }, "ArticleTitle": "Lysosomal hydrolases of the epidermis. 2. Ester hydrolases.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Mier", "van den Hurk" ], "ForeName": [ "P D", "J J" ], "Initials": [ "PD", "JJ" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "EC 3.-", "EC 3.1.1.-", "EC 3.1.3.2", "EC 3.1.6.8", "EC 3.1.6.9", "EC 3.6.1.-" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Hydrolases", "Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases", "Acid Phosphatase", "Cerebroside-Sulfatase", "Chondro-4-Sulfatase", "Pyrophosphatases" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Acid Phosphatase", "Animals", "Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases", "Cerebroside-Sulfatase", "Chondro-4-Sulfatase", "Guinea Pigs", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Hydrolases", "Kinetics", "Lysosomes", "Pyrophosphatases", "Skin" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "", "metabolism", "metabolism", "metabolism", "", "", "metabolism", "", "enzymology", "metabolism", "enzymology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "31", "10.1111/j.1365-2133.1975.tb06512.x" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 10, 10, 10 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 32, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "A serum agglutinin reactive with red cells in the presence of polycarboxyl groups is reported. It is likely that this represents an additional example of the type of agglutinin previously described as agglutinating red cells in the absence of ionized calcium. Experimental evidence is presented indicating that it is free polycarboxyl groups that potentiate agglutination and that any metal ion, such as calcium, capable of chelating with these groups will prove to be inhibitory." }, "ArticleTitle": "A serum haemagglutinating property dependent upon polycarboxyl groups.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Beck", "Freihaut", "Henry", "Pierce", "Bayer" ], "ForeName": [ "M L", "B", "R", "S", "W L" ], "Initials": [ "ML", "B", "R", "S", "WL" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "0", "0", "9G34HU7RV0", "EC 3.2.1.18", "EC 3.4.22.2", "EC 3.4.22.3" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "ABO Blood-Group System", "Agglutinins", "Carboxylic Acids", "Cations, Divalent", "Citrates", "Edetic Acid", "Neuraminidase", "Papain", "Ficain" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "ABO Blood-Group System", "Aged", "Agglutinins", "Antibody Specificity", "Carboxylic Acids", "Cations, Divalent", "Citrates", "Edetic Acid", "Ficain", "Hemagglutination", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Neuraminidase", "Papain" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "analysis", "", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology", "pharmacology", "pharmacology", "drug effects", "", "", "pharmacology", "pharmacology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "32", "10.1111/j.1365-2141.1975.tb01808.x" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 1, 1, 1 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 33, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 27 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 7, "Day": 4 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Stroma from either normal or PNH-like red cells is capable of inhibiting, to some extent, lysis in the sucrose test and enhancing lysis in the acidified-serum test. The same opposing effects are displayed by the exclusion peaks from Sephadex G-200 obtained from each stroma preparation, suggesting that the same factor could be responsible for both activities. Stromata and peaks also induce lysis of PNH-like cells in unacidified serum, indicating activation of complement through the alternate pathway. This is confirmed by immunoelectrophoretic observation. When serum previously activated through the alternate pathway is used in the sucrose test the amount of lysis is markedly reduced. This would indicate that the classical pathway activation can be controlled by the alternate pathway. The possible clinical significance of these factors in determining the haemolytic crisis in PNH patients is discussed." }, "ArticleTitle": "Effect of human erythrocyte stromata on complement activation.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Corrocher", "Tedesco", "Rabusin", "De Sandre" ], "ForeName": [ "R", "F", "P", "G" ], "Initials": [ "R", "F", "P", "G" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "57-50-1", "9007-36-7" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Sucrose", "Complement System Proteins" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Complement System Proteins", "Erythrocytes", "Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal", "Hemolysis", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Sucrose" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "metabolism", "immunology", "", "", "", "metabolism" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "33", "10.1111/j.1365-2141.1975.tb01817.x" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 2, 2, 2 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 34, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 27 }, "NumberOfReferences": 18, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Determinants of intracellular pH in the erythrocyte.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Warth", "Desforges" ], "ForeName": [ "J", "J F" ], "Initials": [ "J", "JF" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.", "Review" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Diphosphoglyceric Acids" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Cell Membrane Permeability", "Diphosphoglyceric Acids", "Erythrocytes", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Membrane Potentials" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "metabolism", "metabolism", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "34", "10.1111/j.1365-2141.1975.tb01833.x" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 3, 3, 3 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 35, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 7, "Day": 4 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The effect of the major metabolite of aspirin, namely salicylic acid, upon the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) of normal and G6PD-deficient red cells has been studied. Salicylic acid was shown to inhibit this pathway in proportion to the amount present. At any concentration of this substance there was greater inhibition of the PPP in G6PD-deficient than in normal red cells." }, "ArticleTitle": "The effect of o-salicylate upon pentose phosphate pathway activity in normal and G6PD-deficient red cells.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Worathumrong", "Grimes" ], "ForeName": [ "N", "A J" ], "Initials": [ "N", "AJ" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "T42P99266K", "WIQ1H85SYP" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Blood Glucose", "Pentosephosphates", "Methylene Blue", "Sodium Salicylate" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Blood Glucose", "Erythrocytes", "Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Methylene Blue", "Pentosephosphates", "Sodium Salicylate" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "metabolism", "blood", "", "", "", "antagonists & inhibitors", "metabolism" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "35", "10.1111/j.1365-2141.1975.tb00536.x" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 6, 6, 6 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 36, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 7, "Day": 19 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "1. In one experiment the effect on rumen pH of feeding with restricted amounts of whole or pelleted barley was studied. With whole barley there was little variation in rumen pH associated with feeding time, but with pelleted barley the pH decreased from about 7-0 before feeding to about 5-3, 2--3 h after feeding. 2. The rate of disappearance of dried grass during incubation in the rumens of sheep receiving either whole or pelleted barley was studied in a second experiment. After 24 h incubation only 423 mg/g incubated had disappeared in the rumen of sheep receiving pelleted barley while 625 mg/g incubated had disappeared when it was incubated in the rumen of sheep receiving whole barley. 3. The voluntary intake of dried grass of lambs was studied in a third experiment when they received supplements of either 25 or 50 g whole or pelleted barley/kg live weight 0-75. At the high level, pelleted barley reduced intake of dried grass by 534 g/kg but whole barley reduced it by only 352 g/kg. The digestibility of acid-detergent fibre was reduced more by pelleted barley than by whole barley but there was a tendency for a small increase in digestibility of the barley due to processing. 4. The implications of these findings on supplementation of roughages with cereals are discussed." }, "ArticleTitle": "The effects of processing of barley-based supplements on rumen pH, rate of digestion of voluntary intake of dried grass in sheep.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Orskov", "Fraser" ], "ForeName": [ "E R", "C" ], "Initials": [ "ER", "C" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "England" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [], "NameOfSubstance": [] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animal Feed", "Animals", "Digestion", "Edible Grain", "Gastric Juice", "Hordeum", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Rumen", "Sheep" ], "QualifierName": [ "standards", "", "", "", "metabolism", "", "", "metabolism", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "36", "10.1017/s0007114575000530" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 37, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 19 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Poly(8-aminoguanylic acid) has in neutral solution a novel ordered structure of high stability. The 8-amino group permits formation of three hydrogen bonds between two residues along the \"top\", or long axis, of the purines. The usual hydrogen bonding protons and Watson-Crick pairing sites are not involved in the association. The bonding scheme has a twofold rotation axis and is hemiprotonated at N(7). Poly(8NH2G) is converted by alkaline titration (pK = 9.7) to a quite different ordered structure, which is the favored form over the range approximately pH 10-11. The bonding scheme appears to be composed of a planar, tetrameric array of guanine residues, in which the 8-amino group does not participate in interbase hydrogen bonding. Poly (8NH2G) does not interact with poly(C) in neutral solution because of the high stability of the hemiprotonated G-G self-structure. Titration to the alkaline plateau, however, permits ready formation of a two-stranded Watson-Crick helix. In contrast to the monomer 8NH2GMP, poly(8NH2G) does not form a triple helix with poly(C) under any conditions. The properties of the ordered structures are interpreted in terms of a strong tendency of the 8-amino group to form a third interbase hydrogen bond, when this possibility is not prevented by high pH." }, "ArticleTitle": "Poly(8-aminoguanylic acid): formation of ordered self-structures and interaction with poly(cytidylic acid).", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Hattori", "Frazier", "Miles" ], "ForeName": [ "M", "J", "H T" ], "Initials": [ "M", "J", "HT" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "25191-14-4", "30811-80-4", "EC 2.7.7.8" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Polyribonucleotides", "Poly G", "Poly C", "Polyribonucleotide Nucleotidyltransferase" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Binding Sites", "Circular Dichroism", "Drug Stability", "Escherichia coli", "Hydrogen Bonding", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Micrococcus", "Models, Molecular", "Nucleic Acid Conformation", "Poly C", "Poly G", "Polyribonucleotide Nucleotidyltransferase", "Polyribonucleotides", "Spectrophotometry, Infrared", "Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet", "Temperature" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "enzymology", "", "", "enzymology", "", "", "", "analogs & derivatives", "metabolism", "analogs & derivatives", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "37", "10.1021/bi00694a002" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 18, 18, 18 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 38, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 19 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The presence of at least two ionizable active center groups has been detected by a study of the effect of pH upon catalysis of hydrolysis of L-alanyl-beta-naphthylamide by human liver alanine aminopeptidase and upon the inhibition of hydrolysis by inhibitors and substrate analogs. Octanoic acid, octylamine, and peptide inhibitors have been found to be competitive inhibitors and are therefore thought to bind the active center. L-Phe was previously shown to bind the active center since it was found to be a competitive inhibitor of the hydrolysis of tripeptide substrates (Garner, C. W., and Behal, F. J. (1975), Biochemistry 14, 3208). A plot of pKm vs. pH for the substrate L-Ala-beta-naphthylamide showed that binding decreased below pH 5.9 and above 7.5, the points at which the theoretical curve undergoes an integral change in slope. These points are interpreted as the pKa either of substrate ionizable groups or binding-dependent enzyme active center groups. Similar plots of pKm vs. pH for L-alanyl-p-nitroanilide (as substrate) and pKi vs. pH for L-Leu-L-Leu-L-Leu and D-Leu-L-Tyr (as inhibitors) gave pairs fo pKa values of 5.8 and 7.4, 6.0 and 7.5, and 5.7 and 7.5, respectively. All the above substrates (and D-Leu-L-Tyr) have pKa values near 7.5; therefore, the binding-dependent group with a pKa value near 7.5 is possibly this substrate group. Similar plots of pKi vs. pH for the inhibitors L-Phe, L-Met, L-Leu, octylamine, and octanoic acid had only one bending point at 7.7, 7.6, 7.4, 6.3, and 5.9, respectively. Amino acid inhibitors, octylamine, and octanoic acid have no groups with pKa values between 5 and 9. These data indicate that there are two active center ionizable groups with pKa values of approximately 6.0 and 7.5 which are involved in substrate binding or inhibitory amino acid binding but not in catalysis since Vmax was constant at all pH values tested." }, "ArticleTitle": "Effect of pH on substrate and inhibitor kinetic constants of human liver alanine aminopeptidase. Evidence for two ionizable active center groups.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Garner", "Behal" ], "ForeName": [ "C W", "F J" ], "Initials": [ "CW", "FJ" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "EC 3.4.11.-", "OF5P57N2ZX" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Aminopeptidases", "Alanine" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Alanine", "Aminopeptidases", "Binding Sites", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Liver", "Mathematics", "Protein Binding", "Structure-Activity Relationship", "Thermodynamics" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "metabolism", "", "", "", "", "enzymology", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "38", "10.1021/bi00694a009" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 18, 18, 18 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 39, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 19 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The reaction of glutamate dehydrogenase and glutamate (gl) with NAD+ and NADP+ has been studied with stopped-flow techniques. The enzyme was in all experiments present in excess of the coenzyme. The results indicate that the ternary complex (E-NAD(P)H-kg) is present as an intermediate in the formation of the stable complex (E-NAD(P)H-gl). The identification of the complexes is based on their absorption spectra. The binding of the coenzyme to (E-gl) is the rate-limiting step in the formation of (E-NAD(P)H-kg) while the dissociation of alpha-ketoglutarate (kg) from this complex is the rate-limiting step in the formation of (E-NAD(P)H-gl). The Km for glutamate was 20-25 mM in the first reaction and 3 mM in the formation of the stable complex. The Km values were independent of the coenzyme. The reaction rates with NAD+ were approximately 50% greater than those with NADP+. Furthermore, high glutamate concentration inhibited the formation of (E-NADH-kg) while no substrate inhibition was found with NADP+ as coenzyme. ADP enhanced while GTP reduced the rate of (E-NAD(P)H-gl) formation. The rate of formation of (E-NAD(P)H-kg) was inhibited by ADP, while it increased at high glutamate concentration when small amounts of GTP were added. The results show that the higher activity found with NAD+ compared to NADP+ under steady-state assay conditions do not necessarily involve binding of NAD+ to the ADP activating site of the enzyme. Moreover, the substrate inhibition found at high glutamate concentration under steady-state assay condition is not due to the formation of (E-NAD(P)H-gl) as this complex is formed with Km of 3 mM glutamate, and the substrate inhibition is only significant at 20-30 times this concentration." }, "ArticleTitle": "Formation of transient complexes in the glutamate dehydrogenase catalyzed reaction.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Sanner" ], "ForeName": [ "T" ], "Initials": [ "T" ], "CollectiveName": [ "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0U46U6E8UK", "53-59-8", "61D2G4IYVH", "86-01-1", "EC 1.4.1.2" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Glutamates", "NAD", "NADP", "Adenosine Diphosphate", "Guanosine Triphosphate", "Glutamate Dehydrogenase" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adenosine Diphosphate", "Animals", "Binding Sites", "Cattle", "Glutamate Dehydrogenase", "Glutamates", "Guanosine Triphosphate", "Kinetics", "Liver", "NAD", "NADP", "Protein Binding", "Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet", "Time Factors" ], "QualifierName": [ "pharmacology", "", "", "", "metabolism", "", "pharmacology", "", "enzymology", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "39", "10.1021/bi00694a011" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 18, 18, 18 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 40, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 19 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Choline acetyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.6) catalyzes the biosynthesis of acetylcholine according to the following chemical equation: acetyl-CoA + choline in equilibrium to acetylcholine + CoA. In addition to nervous tissue, primate placenta is the only other animal source which contains appreciable acetylcholine and its biosynthetic enzyme. Human brain caudate nucleus and human placental choline acetyltransferase were purified to electrophoretic homogeneity using ion-exchange and blue dextran-Sepharose affinity chromatography. The molecular weights determined by Sephadex G-150 gel filtration and sodium dodecyl sulfate gel electrophoresis are 67000 plus or minus 3000. N-Ethylmaleimide, p-chloromercuribenzoate, and dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) inhibit the enzyme. Dithiothreitol reverses the inhibition produced by the latter two reagents. The pKa of the group associated with N-ethylmaleimide inhibition is 8.6 plus or minus 0.3. A chemically competent acetyl-thioenzyme is isolable by Sephadex gel filtration. The enzymes from the brain and placenta are thus far physically and biochemically indistinguishable." }, "ArticleTitle": "Human brain and placental choline acetyltransferase: purification and properties.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Roskoski", "Lim", "Roskoski" ], "ForeName": [ "R", "C T", "L M" ], "Initials": [ "R", "CT", "LM" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "EC 2.3.1.-", "EC 2.3.1.6", "O3C74ACM9V" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Sulfhydryl Reagents", "Acetyltransferases", "Choline O-Acetyltransferase", "Ethylmaleimide" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Acetyltransferases", "Caudate Nucleus", "Choline O-Acetyltransferase", "Ethylmaleimide", "Female", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Molecular Weight", "Organ Specificity", "Placenta", "Pregnancy", "Sulfhydryl Reagents" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "enzymology", "isolation & purification", "pharmacology", "", "", "", "", "", "", "enzymology", "", "pharmacology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "40", "10.1021/bi00694a013" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 2001, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 3, 11 ], "Day": [ 18, 28, 18 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 41, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 19 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 12 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Increasing concentrations of chloride were found to increase the resolution between two visible absorbance spectral transitions associated with acidification of ferricytochrome c. Analysis of a variety of spectral and viscosity measurements indicates that protonation of a single group having an apparent pK of 2.1 +/- 0.2 and an intrinsic pK of about 5.3 displaces the methionine ligand without significantly perturbing the native globular conformation. Analysis of methylated ferricytochrome c suggests that protonation of a carboxylate ion, most likely a heme propionate residue, is responsible for displacement of the methionine ligand. Addition of a proton to a second group having an apparent pK of 1.2 +/- 0.1 displaces the histidine ligand and unfolds the protein from a globular conformation into a random coil. It is most likely that the second protonation occurs on the imidazole ring of the histidine ligand itself. Chloride is proposed to perturb these transitions by ligation in the fifth coordination position of the heme ion. Such ligation stabilizes a globular conformation of ferricytochrome c at pH 0.0 and 25 degrees." }, "ArticleTitle": "Stabilization of the globular structure of ferricytochrome c by chloride in acidic solvents.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Stellwagen", "Babul" ], "ForeName": [ "E", "J" ], "Initials": [ "E", "J" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Chlorides", "Cytochrome c Group", "Solvents" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Binding Sites", "Chlorides", "Cytochrome c Group", "Horses", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Mathematics", "Myocardium", "Protein Binding", "Protein Conformation", "Solvents", "Spectrophotometry", "Viscosity" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "enzymology", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "41", "10.1021/bi00694a018" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 18, 18, 18 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 42, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 19 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 12 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The properties of the functional groups in a protein can be used as built-in-probes of the structure of the protein. We have developed a general procedure whereby the ionization constant and chemical reactivity of solitary functional groups in proteins may be determined. The method may be applied to the side chain of histidine, tyrosine, lysine, and cysteine, as well as to the amino terminus of the protein. The method, which is an extension of the competitive labeling technique using [3H]- and [14C]1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (N2ph-F) in a double-labeling procedure, is rapid and sensitive. Advantage is taken of the fact that after acid hydrolysis of a dinitrophenylated protein, a derivative is obtained which must be derived from a unique position in the protein. The method has been applied to the solitary histidine residue of lysozyme, alpha-lytic protease, and Streptomyces griseus (S.G.) trypsin, as well as to the amino terminus of the latter protein. The following parameters were obtained for reaction with N2ph-F at 20 degrees C in 0.1 N KCl: the histidine of hen egg-white lysozyme, pKa of 6.4 and second-order velocity constant of 0.188 M-1 min-1; the histidine of alpha-lytic protease, pKa of 6.5 and second-order velocity constant of 0.0235 M-1 min-1; the histidine of S.G. trypsin, pKa of 6.5 and second-order velocity constant of 0.0328 M-1 min-1; the valyl amino terminus of S.G. trypsin, pKa of 8.1 and second-order velocity constant of 0.403 M-1 min-1. In addition, the results obtained provide clues as to the microenvironments of these functional groups, and indicate that the proteins studied undergo pH-dependent conformational changes which affect the microenvironment, and hence the chemical reactivity of these groups." }, "ArticleTitle": "A competitive labeling method for the determination of the chemical properties of solitary functional groups in proteins.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Duggleby", "Kaplan" ], "ForeName": [ "R G", "H" ], "Initials": [ "RG", "H" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "4QD397987E", "D241E059U6", "EC 3.2.1.17", "EC 3.4.-", "EC 3.4.21.4", "HG18B9YRS7" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Histidine", "Dinitrofluorobenzene", "Muramidase", "Peptide Hydrolases", "Trypsin", "Valine" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Binding Sites", "Binding, Competitive", "Dinitrofluorobenzene", "Histidine", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Muramidase", "Peptide Hydrolases", "Protein Binding", "Streptomyces griseus", "Trypsin", "Valine" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "analysis", "", "", "analysis", "analysis", "", "enzymology", "analysis", "analysis" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "42", "10.1021/bi00694a023" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 18, 18, 18 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 43, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 19 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 12 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Primary amines react with 2,4-pentanedione at pH 6-9 to form enamines, N-alkyl-4-amino-3-penten-2-ones. The latter compounds readily regenerate the primary amine at low pH or on treatment with hydroxylamine. Guanidine and substituted guanidines react with 2,4-pentanedione to form N-substituted 2-amino-4,6-dimethylpyrimidines at a rate which is lower by at least a factor of 20 than the rate of reaction of 2,4-pentanedione with primary amines. Selective modification of lysine and arginine side chains in proteins can readily be achieved with 2,4-pentanedione. Modification of lysine is favored by reaction at pH 7 or for short reaction times at pH 9. Selective modification of arginine is achieved by reaction with 2,4-pentanedione for long times at pH 9, followed by treatment of the protein with hydroxylamine. The extent of modification of lysine and arginine side chains can readily be measured spectrophotometrically. Modification of lysozyme with 2,4-pentanedione at pH 7 results in modification of 3.8 lysine residues and less than 0.4 arginine residue in 24 hr. Modification of lysozyme with 2,4-pentanedione at pH 9 results in modification of 4 lysine residues and 4.5 arginine residues in 100 hr. Treatment of this modified protein with hydroxylamine regenerated the modified lysine residues but caused no change in the modified arginine residues. One arginine residue seems to be essential for the catalytic activity of the enzyme." }, "ArticleTitle": "Modification of arginine and lysine in proteins with 2,4-pentanedione.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Gilbert", "O'Leary" ], "ForeName": [ "H F", "M H" ], "Initials": [ "HF", "MH" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "94ZLA3W45F", "EC 3.2.1.17", "K3Z4F929H6" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Ketones", "Pentanones", "Proteins", "Arginine", "Muramidase", "Lysine" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Arginine", "Binding Sites", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Ketones", "Kinetics", "Lysine", "Micrococcus", "Muramidase", "Pentanones", "Protein Binding", "Protein Conformation", "Proteins", "Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "", "", "", "enzymology", "analysis", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "43", "10.1021/bi00694a027" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 18, 18, 18 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 44, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 12 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Above pH 8.5, pepsinogen is converted into a form which cannot be activated to pepsin on exposure to low pH. Intermediate exposure to neutral pH, however, returns the protein to a form which can be activated. Evidence is presented for a reversible, small conformational change in the molecule, distinct from the unfolding of the protein. At the same time, the molecule is converted to a form of limited solubility, which is precipitated at low pH, where activation is normally seen. The results are interpreted in terms of the peculiar structure of the pepsinogen molecule. Titration of the basic NH2-terminal region produced an open form, which can return to the native form at neutral pH, but which is maintained at low pH by neutralization of carboxylate groups in the pepsin portion." }, "ArticleTitle": "The origin of the alkaline inactivation of pepsinogen.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "McPhie" ], "ForeName": [ "P" ], "Initials": [ "P" ], "CollectiveName": [ "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "EC 3.4.23.1" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Hemoglobins", "Pepsinogens", "Pepsin A" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Hemoglobins", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Pepsin A", "Pepsinogens", "Protein Conformation", "Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "metabolism", "antagonists & inhibitors", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "44", "10.1021/bi00695a003" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 2, 2, 2 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 45, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 12 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "A purification procedure is reported for obtaining bovine liver dihydrofolate reductase in high yield and amounts of 100-200 mg. A key step in the procedure is the use of an affinity gel prepared by coupling pteroyl-L-lysine to Sepharose. The purified reductase has a specific activity of about 100 units/mg and is homogeneous as judged by analytical ultracentrifugation, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and titration with methotrexate. The products of the first step of Edman degradation indicated a minimum purity of 79%. The reductase has a molecular weight of about 21500 on the basis of amino acid composition and 22100 +/- 300 from equilibrium sedimentation. It is not inhibited by antiserum to the Streptococcus faecium reductase (isoenzyme 2). Unlike the reductase of many other vertebrate tissues, the bovine enzyme is inhibited by mercurials rather than activated and it has a single pH optimum at both low and high ionic strength. However, the position of the pH optimum is shifted and the activity increased by increasing ionic strength. Automatic Edman degradation has been used to determine 34 of the amino-terminal 37 amino acid residues. Considerable homology exists between this region and the corresponding regions of the reductase from S. faecium and from Escherichia coli. This strengthens the idea that this region contributes to the structure of the binding site for dihydrofolate." }, "ArticleTitle": "Bovine liver dihydrofolate reductase: purification and properties of the enzyme.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Peterson", "Gleisner", "Blakley" ], "ForeName": [ "D L", "J M", "R L" ], "Initials": [ "DL", "JM", "RL" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "EC 1.5.1.3", "YL5FZ2Y5U1" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Amino Acids", "Isoenzymes", "Tetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase", "Methotrexate" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Amino Acid Sequence", "Amino Acids", "Animals", "Antigen-Antibody Reactions", "Cattle", "Chromatography, Affinity", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Isoenzymes", "Kinetics", "Liver", "Methotrexate", "Tetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "analysis", "", "", "", "", "", "immunology", "", "enzymology", "pharmacology", "immunology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "45", "10.1021/bi00695a005" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 2, 2, 2 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 46, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 12 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Dihydrofolate reductase has been purified 40-fold to apparent homogeneity from a trimethoprim-resistant strain of Escherichia coli (RT 500) using a procedure that includes methotrexate affinity column chromatography. Determinations of the molecular weight of the enzyme based on its amino acid composition, sedimentation velocity, and sodium dodecyl sulfate gel electrophoresis gave values of 17680, 17470 and 18300, respectively. An aggregated form of the enzyme with a low specific activity can be separated from the monomer by gel filtration; treatment of the aggregate with mercaptoethanol or dithiothreitol results in an increase in enzymic activity and a regeneration of the monomer. Also, multiple molecular forms of the monomer have been detected by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The unresolved enzyme exhibits two pH optima (pH 4.5 and pH 7.0) with dihydrofolate as a substrate. Highest activities are observed in buffers containing large organic cations. In 100 mM imidazolium chloride (pH 7), the specific activity is 47 mumol of dihydrofolate reduced per min per mg at 30 degrees. Folic acid also serves as a substrate with a single pH optimum of pH 4.5. At this pH the Km for folate is 16 muM, and the Vmax is 1/1000 of the rate observed with dihydrofolate as the substrate. Monovalent cations (Na+, K+, Rb+, and Cs+) inhibit dihydrofolate reductase; at a given ionic strength the degree of inhibition is a function of the ionic radius of the cation. Divalent cations are more potent inhibitors; the I50 of BaCl2 is 250 muM, as compared to 125 mM for KCl. Anions neither inhibit nor activate the enzyme." }, "ArticleTitle": "Purification and properties of Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Baccanari", "Phillips", "Smith", "Sinski", "Burchall" ], "ForeName": [ "D", "A", "S", "D", "J" ], "Initials": [ "D", "A", "S", "D", "J" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "451W47IQ8X", "660YQ98I10", "EC 1.5.1.3", "YL5FZ2Y5U1" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Amino Acids", "Isoenzymes", "Macromolecular Substances", "Sodium Chloride", "Potassium Chloride", "Tetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase", "Methotrexate" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Amino Acids", "Chromatography, Affinity", "Escherichia coli", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Isoenzymes", "Kinetics", "Macromolecular Substances", "Methotrexate", "Molecular Weight", "Osmolar Concentration", "Potassium Chloride", "Protein Conformation", "Sodium Chloride", "Tetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase" ], "QualifierName": [ "analysis", "", "enzymology", "", "isolation & purification", "", "", "", "", "", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology", "isolation & purification" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "46", "10.1021/bi00695a006" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 2, 2, 2 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 47, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 12 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Ionization effects on the binding of the potential transition state analogues 2-phosphoglycolate and 2-phosphoglycolohydroxamate appear to be attributable to the changing state of ionization of the ligands themselves, therefore it is unnecessary to postulate the additional involvement of an ionizing residue at the active site of triosephosphate isomerase to explain the influence of changing pH on Ki in the neutral range. The binding of the competitive inhibitor inorganic sulfate is insensitive to changing pH in the neutral range. 3-Chloroacetol sulfate, synthesized as an active-site-specific reagent for triosephosphate isomerase, is used to provide an indication of the pKa of the essential carboxyl group of this enzyme. Previously described active-site-specific reagents for the isomerase were phosphate esters, and their changing state of ionization (accompanied by possible changes in their affinity for the active site) may have complicated earlier attempts to determine the pKa of the essential carboxyl group from the pH dependence of the rate of inactivation. Being a strong monoprotic acid, chloroacetol sulfate is better suited to the determination of the pKa of the carboxyl group. Chloroacetol sulfate inactivates triosephosphate isomerase by the selective esterification of the same carboxyl group as that which is esterified by the phosphate esters described earlier. From the pH dependence of the rate of inactivation of yeast triosephosphate isomerase, the apparent pKa of the active-site carboxyl group is estimated as 3.9 +/- 0.1." }, "ArticleTitle": "The influence of pH on the interaction of inhibitors with triosephosphate isomerase and determination of the pKa of the active-site carboxyl group.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Hartman", "LaMuraglia", "Tomozawa", "Wolfenden" ], "ForeName": [ "F C", "G M", "Y", "R" ], "Initials": [ "FC", "GM", "Y", "R" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "9BZQ3U62JX", "EC 5.1.3.-", "EC 5.3.1.1" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Hydroxymercuribenzoates", "Dithionitrobenzoic Acid", "Carbohydrate Epimerases", "Triose-Phosphate Isomerase" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Binding Sites", "Carbohydrate Epimerases", "Dithionitrobenzoic Acid", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Hydroxymercuribenzoates", "Kinetics", "Muscles", "Protein Binding", "Rabbits", "Saccharomyces cerevisiae", "Triose-Phosphate Isomerase" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "metabolism", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology", "", "enzymology", "", "", "enzymology", "metabolism" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "47", "10.1021/bi00695a007" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 2, 2, 2 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 48, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Kinetic analyses of monoanion inhibition and 15Cl nuclear magnetic resonance at 5.88 MHz were employed to study monoanion interactions with the zinc metalloenzyme, renal dipeptidase. The enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis of glycyldehydrophenylalanine exhibited competitive inhibition when the reaction rate was determined in the presence of the monovalent anions fluoride, chloride, bromide, iodide, azide, nitrate, or thiocyanate or upon the addition of the divalent anion, sulfate. Competitive inhibition was produced by these anions. One anion was bound per enzyme molecule, and except in the case of fluoride all of the anions appeared to bind at the same site. Cyanide ion produced a much more effective inhibition of renal dipeptidase than the other monoanions, and it was shown that two cyanide ions were bound per enzyme molecule. An investigation of the effect of pH upon monoanion inhibition suggested that the anion inhibitors bind to the group with a pK of approximately 7.8. Complete dissociation of this group (approximately pH 8.4) eliminates the inhibitory effect of anions. The 35Cl line broadening produced by renal dipeptidase in 0.5 M NaCl solutions was 100 times more effective than that produced by equivalent concentrations of aquozinc(II). The line broadening was dependent upon the concentration of the metalloenzyme and independent of the frequency of the exciting radiation. When zinc ion was removed from the metalloenzyme by dialysis or when chloride was titrated from the metalloenzyme by cyanide, line broadening was decreased. Treatment of renal dipeptidase with saturating concentrations of the competitive inhibitor, guanosine triphosphate, in the presence of 0.5 M NaCl also produced a significant decrease in the 35Cl line width. The 35Cl line broadening produced by renal dipeptidase was shown to decrease with increasing pH through the range pH 5.8-10.8. This line-width variation with pH appeared to result from the titration of a site on the metalloprotein with an approximate pK of 7.4. Temperature studies of 35Cl line broadening by the metalloenzyme in the presence of chloride and cyanide inhibitors suggest that the fast exchange process pertains and that the dominant relaxation mechanism is quadrupolar in nature." }, "ArticleTitle": "Monoanion inhibition and 35Cl nuclear magnetic resonance studies of renal dipeptidase.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Ferren", "Ward", "Campbell" ], "ForeName": [ "L G", "R L", "B J" ], "Initials": [ "LG", "RL", "BJ" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "0", "0", "0", "0", "0", "0", "EC 3.4.13.-", "Q80VPU408O" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Anions", "Azides", "Bromides", "Chlorides", "Cyanides", "Iodides", "Nitrates", "Sulfates", "Thiocyanates", "Dipeptidases", "Fluorides" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Anions", "Azides", "Bromides", "Chlorides", "Cyanides", "Dipeptidases", "Fluorides", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Iodides", "Kidney Cortex", "Kinetics", "Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy", "Mathematics", "Nitrates", "Protein Conformation", "Sulfates", "Swine", "Temperature", "Thiocyanates" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "pharmacology", "pharmacology", "pharmacology", "pharmacology", "antagonists & inhibitors", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology", "enzymology", "", "", "", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology", "", "", "pharmacology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "48", "10.1021/bi00695a008" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 2, 2, 2 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 49, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Bovine erythrocyte superoxide dismutase was slowly and irreversibly inactivated by hydrogen peroxide. The rate of this inactivation was directly dependent upon the concentrations of both H2O2 and of enzyme, and its second-order rate constant at pH 10.0 and 25 degrees was 6.7 M-1 sec-1. Inactivation was preceded by a bleaching due to rapid reduction of Cu2+ on the enzyme, and following this there was a gradual reappearance of a new absorption in the visible region, which was coincident with the loss of catalytic activity. Inactivation of the enzyme was pH-dependent and indicated an essential ionization whose pKa was approximately 10.2. Replacement of H2O by D2O raised this pKa but did not diminish the catalytic activity of superoxide dismutase, measured at pH 10.0. Several compounds, including xanthine, urate, formate, and azide, protected the enzyme against inactivation by H2O2. Alcohols and benzoate, which scavenge hydroxyl radical, did not protect. Compounds with special affinity for singlet oxygen were similarly ineffective. The data were interpreted in terms of the reduction of the enzyme-bound Cu2+ to Cu+, by H2O2, followed by a Fenton's type reaction of the Cu+ with additional H2O2. This would generate Cu2+-OH- or its ionized equivalent, Cu2+-O--, which could then oxidatively attack an adjacent histidine and thus inactivate the enzyme. Compounds which protected the enzyme could have done so by reacting with the bound oxidant, in competition with the adjacent histidine." }, "ArticleTitle": "The interaction of bovine erythrocyte superoxide dismutase with hydrogen peroxide: inactivation of the enzyme.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Hodgson", "Fridovich" ], "ForeName": [ "E K", "I" ], "Initials": [ "EK", "I" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "BBX060AN9V", "EC 1.15.1.1" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Hydrogen Peroxide", "Superoxide Dismutase" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Binding Sites", "Cattle", "Erythrocytes", "Hydrogen Peroxide", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Protein Binding", "Spectrophotometry", "Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet", "Superoxide Dismutase" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "enzymology", "pharmacology", "", "", "", "", "", "antagonists & inhibitors" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "49", "10.1021/bi00695a010" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 2, 2, 2 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 50, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The near-ultraviolet circular dichroism (CD) of three homogeneous anti-type III pneumococcal antibodies in the absence and the presence of the specific hexasaccharide ligand was studied. In addition recombinations and hybridizations of H and L chains derived from two of these antibodies were carried out and the CD spectra of bound and free reconstituted IgG molecules were measured. The results indicate that the CD spectra of the native antibodies in the 260-310-nm range are very similar in shape and sign and exhibit a positive band at 285 nm. The homologous reconstituted antibody molecules exhibited CD spectra very similar in shape and sign to those of the native antibody molecules although recombinant molecules are no longer stabilized by interchain disulfide bonds. Upon addition of the hexasaccharide ligand, a significant decrease in amplitude of the CD spectra (18-21%) occurred in all three native antibodies and their Fab fragments as well as in the homologous recombinant molecules. No CD spectral changes could be detected upon interaction of the hapten ligand with the heterologous recombinants. All homogeneous antibodies studied exhibited fluorescence quenching upon oligosaccharide binding and a blue shift of the emission maximum. This property allowed the determination of the binding constant of one selected antibody to be made. Taken together, CD and fluorescence spectroscopic data suggest that oligosaccharide ligands induced detectable conformational changes in the Fab fragment of the antibody." }, "ArticleTitle": "Circular dichroism and fluorescence studies of homogeneous antibodies to type III pneumococcal polysaccharide.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Jaton", "Huser", "Blatt", "Pecht" ], "ForeName": [ "J C", "H", "Y", "I" ], "Initials": [ "JC", "H", "Y", "I" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "0", "0" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Antibodies, Bacterial", "Haptens", "Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments", "Immunoglobulin G", "Polysaccharides, Bacterial" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Antibodies, Bacterial", "Antigen-Antibody Reactions", "Circular Dichroism", "Haptens", "Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments", "Immunoglobulin G", "Kinetics", "Polysaccharides, Bacterial", "Protein Conformation", "Spectrometry, Fluorescence", "Streptococcus pneumoniae" ], "QualifierName": [ "analysis", "", "", "", "", "", "", "immunology", "", "", "immunology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "50", "10.1021/bi00695a013" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 2, 2, 2 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 51, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 12 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The circular polarization of luminescence (CPL) emitted by tryptophan residues was used as a sensitive probe for measuring ligand-induced structural changes in a homogeneous type III pneumococcal antibody. A series of oligosaccharide ligands of increasing size derived from type III polysaccharide by partial acid hydrolysis was assayed. Ligand-induced changes in the circular polarization of fluorescence of the antibody were observed for all antigens tested, including tetra-, hexa-, and octasaccharides and a 16-residue oligomer, the largest changes being recorded upon interaction with the intact soluble type III pneumococcal (SIII) polysaccharide. When Fab' or F(ab')2 fragments were used instead of the antibody IgG for binding of SIII polysaccharide, the extent of conformational changes was decreased. This suggests interactions between Fab and Fc portions in the IgG molecule and subsequent conformational changes in Fc part upon antigen binding. Reduction of interchain disulfide bonds abolished the additional spectral changes attributed to the Fc part but not the changes observed in the Fab part, thus suggesting that the presence of the interchain disulfide bond in the hinge region is required for maximal CPL changes to occur. Small monovalent ligands, i.e., the tetra-, hexa-, and octasaccharides, were capable of inducing CPL changes in the Fab part of the antibody molecule as well as CPL changes attributed to the Fc portion. A multivalent ligand containing about 16 sugar residues appears to be the minimal antigenic size required for triggering conformational changes attributed to the Fc part, similar to those seen in the interaction with the whole polysaccharide antigen." }, "ArticleTitle": "Conformational changes induced in a homogeneous anti-type III pneumococcal antibody by oligosaccharides of increasing size.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Jaton", "Huser", "Braun", "Givol", "Pecht", "Schlessinger" ], "ForeName": [ "J C", "H", "D G", "D", "I", "J" ], "Initials": [ "JC", "H", "DG", "D", "I", "J" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "0", "0" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Antibodies, Bacterial", "Haptens", "Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments", "Oligosaccharides", "Polysaccharides, Bacterial" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Antibodies, Bacterial", "Haptens", "Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments", "Luminescent Measurements", "Molecular Weight", "Oligosaccharides", "Polysaccharides, Bacterial", "Protein Conformation", "Streptococcus pneumoniae", "Structure-Activity Relationship" ], "QualifierName": [ "analysis", "", "", "", "", "immunology", "immunology", "", "immunology", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "51", "10.1021/bi00695a014" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 2, 2, 2 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 52, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 12 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The functional role of the Bacillus stearothermophilus 50S ribosomal protein B-L3 (probably homologous to the Escherichia coli protein L2) was examined by chemical modification. The complex [B-L3-23S RNA] was photooxidized in the presence of rose bengal and the modified protein incorporated by reconstitution into 50S ribosomal subunits containing all other unmodified components. Particles containing photooxidized B-L3 are defective in several functional assays, including (1) poly(U)-directed poly(Phe) synthesis, (2) peptidyltransferase activity, (3) ability to associate with a [30S-poly(U)-Phe-tRNA] complex, and (4) binding of elongation factor G and GTP. The rates of loss of the partial functional activities during photooxidation of B-L3 indicate that at least two independent inactivating events are occurring, a faster one, involving oxidation of one or more histidine residues, affecting peptidyltransferase and subunit association activities and a slower one affecting EF-G binding. Therefore the protein B-L3 has one or more histidine residues which are essential for peptidyltransferase and subunit association, and another residue which is essential for EF-G-GTP binding. B-L3 may be the ribosomal peptidyltransferase protein, or a part of the active site, and may contribute functional groups to the other active sites as well." }, "ArticleTitle": "Evidence of the involvement of a 50S ribosomal protein in several active sites.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Fahnestock" ], "ForeName": [ "S R" ], "Initials": [ "SR" ], "CollectiveName": [ "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Macromolecular Substances", "Ribosomal Proteins" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Binding Sites", "Geobacillus stearothermophilus", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Macromolecular Substances", "Oxidation-Reduction", "Photochemistry", "Protein Binding", "Ribosomal Proteins", "Ribosomes" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "metabolism", "", "", "", "", "", "", "metabolism", "metabolism" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "52", "10.1021/bi00695a016" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 2, 2, 2 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 53, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The localization of the previously postulated interface recognition site (IRS) in porcine pancreatic phospholipase A2, required for a specific interaction between the enzyme and organized lipid-water interfaces, was investigated by ultraviolet difference spectroscopy, by measurements of the intrinsic fluorescence of the unique Trp residue, and by protection experiments against specific tryptic hydrolysis. Using the enzymically nondegradable substrate analogues: CnH(2n+1)(0-)OOCH2CH2N+(CH3)3-(H,OH), it is shown that the rather hydrophobic N-terminal sequence of the enzyme, viz., Ala-Leu-Trp-Gln-Phe-Arg, is directly involved in the interaction with the lipid-water interface. Besides hydrophobic probably also polar interactions contribute to the binding process. At neutral or acidic pH the presence of a salt bridge between the N-terminal alpha-NH3+ group and a negatively charged side chain stablizes the interface recognition site and allows the enzyme to penetrate micellar surfaces, even in the absence of metal ion. At alkaline pH, interaction of the enzyme with micellar interfaces requires the presence of Ca2+ (Ba2+) ions." }, "ArticleTitle": "The interaction of phospholipase A2 with micellar interfaces. The role of the N-terminal region.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "van Dam-Mieras", "Slotboom", "Pieterson", "de Haas" ], "ForeName": [ "M C", "A J", "W A", "G H" ], "Initials": [ "MC", "AJ", "WA", "GH" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "0", "24GP945V5T", "EC 3.1.-", "EC 3.4.21.4", "SY7Q814VUP" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Amines", "Lysophosphatidylcholines", "Micelles", "Phosphatidylcholines", "Barium", "Phospholipases", "Trypsin", "Calcium" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Amines", "Barium", "Binding Sites", "Calcium", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Lysophosphatidylcholines", "Micelles", "Pancreas", "Phosphatidylcholines", "Phospholipases", "Protein Conformation", "Trypsin" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology", "", "", "metabolism", "metabolism", "enzymology", "metabolism", "metabolism", "", "pharmacology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "53", "10.1021/bi00696a001" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 16, 16, 16 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 54, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 12 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The action of snake venom phospholipases A2 in intact human erythrocytes was investigated in detail. The basis phospholipase from Agkistrodon halys blomhifii was found to induce both hydrolysis of membrane phospholipids and total cell hemolysis under certain experimental conditions. The hydrolytic action of the basic enzyme was found to consist of two sequential events: (a) hydrolysis of 70% of the total cell ph osphatidylcholine without any evident hemolysis; and (b) complete hydrolysis of the remaining phosphatidylcholine, followed closely by extensive phosphatidylethanolamine hydrolysis and finally with onset of hemolysis, attack on the phosphatidylserine. At pH 7.4 and 10 mM Ca2+ only stage (a) occurred. However, a slight elevation of the pH of incubation to pH 8.0 and/or inclusion of 40 mM Ca2+ in the reaction mixture caused both events (a) and (b) to occur. The addition of glucose limited the action of the enzyme to stage (a) under any reaction conditions. An investigation showed that enzymically induced hemolysis occurred under conditions where the intracellular ATP levels were lowered. Data are presented which suggest that stage (b) is mediated by in influx of Ca2+ into the cell when the levels of ATP are low. Interestingly the phosphllipase from Naja naja venom (Pakistan) yielded results similar to those observed with the basic enzyme from Agkistrodon venom. However, the enzyme from Crotalus adamanteus and the acidic enzyme also present in the Agkistrodon venom produced only slight hydrolysis or hemolysis under any of the conditions studied. Other species of erythrocytes, e.g., guinea pig, monkey, pig, and rat, were tested but only those from guinea pig behaved similarly to the human cells. Pig, monkey, and rat erythrocytes underwent very limited hydrolysis and hemolysis. It is evident that the use of these phospholipases to probe the localization of phospholipds in erythrocyte membranes must be approached with caution. Certain facets of this problem are discussed." }, "ArticleTitle": "Phospholipase A2 as a probe of phospholipid distribution in erythrocyte membranes. Factors influencing the apparent specificity of the reaction.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Martin", "Luthra", "Wells", "Watts", "Hanahan" ], "ForeName": [ "J K", "M G", "M A", "R P", "D J" ], "Initials": [ "JK", "MG", "MA", "RP", "DJ" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "0", "8L70Q75FXE", "EC 3.1.-", "I38ZP9992A", "IY9XDZ35W2", "RWP5GA015D", "SY7Q814VUP" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Citrates", "Phosphatidylcholines", "Phospholipids", "Snake Venoms", "Adenosine Triphosphate", "Phospholipases", "Magnesium", "Glucose", "Potassium", "Calcium" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adenosine Triphosphate", "Animals", "Calcium", "Cell Membrane", "Citrates", "Erythrocyte Aging", "Erythrocytes", "Glucose", "Guinea Pigs", "Haplorhini", "Hemolysis", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Magnesium", "Phosphatidylcholines", "Phospholipases", "Phospholipids", "Potassium", "Rats", "Snake Venoms", "Swine", "Time Factors" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "", "metabolism", "metabolism", "pharmacology", "", "metabolism", "pharmacology", "", "", "drug effects", "", "", "metabolism", "metabolism", "isolation & purification", "metabolism", "metabolism", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "54", "10.1021/bi00696a003" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 16, 16, 16 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 55, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 12 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The spontaneous inactivation of yeast glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase was found to fit a simple two-state model at pH 8.5 and 25 degrees. The first step is a relatively rapid dissociation of the tetramer to dimers with the equilibrium largely in favor of the tetramer. In the absence of NAD+ the dimer inactivates irreversibly. The apoenzyme is quite stable with a half-life for complete activity loss proportional to the square root of the enzyme concentration. Perturbances of the protein structure (by pH, ionic strength, and specific salts), which have no effect on the tetrameric state of the molecule, result in an alteration of the cooperativity of NAD+ binding, the reactivity of the active-site sulfhydryl group, and the catalytic activity of the enzyme. Covalent modification of two of the four active-site sulfhydryl groups has profound effects on the enzymic activity which are mediated by changes in the subunit interactions. Sedimentation analysis and hybridization studies indicate that the interaction between subunits remains strong after covalent modification. Under normal physiological and equilibrium dialysis conditions the protein is a tetramer. Equilibrium dialysis studies of NAD+ binding to the enzyme at pH 8.5 and 25 degrees reveal a mixed cooperativity pattern. A model consistent with these observations and the observed half-of-the-sites reactivity is that of ligand induced sequential conformational changes which are transferred across strongly interacting subunit domains. Methods for distinguishing negatively cooperative binding patterns from mixtures of denatured enzyme and multiple species are discussed." }, "ArticleTitle": "Subunit interactions in yeast glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Mockrin", "Byers", "Koshland" ], "ForeName": [ "S C", "L D", "D E" ], "Initials": [ "SC", "LD", "DE" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "0U46U6E8UK", "451W47IQ8X", "8L70Q75FXE", "EC 1.2.1.-" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Cyanates", "Macromolecular Substances", "Sulfhydryl Compounds", "NAD", "Sodium Chloride", "Adenosine Triphosphate", "Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adenosine Triphosphate", "Binding Sites", "Cyanates", "Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Macromolecular Substances", "Models, Chemical", "NAD", "Protein Binding", "Protein Conformation", "Protein Denaturation", "Saccharomyces cerevisiae", "Sodium Chloride", "Sulfhydryl Compounds" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "", "", "metabolism", "", "", "", "", "metabolism", "", "", "", "enzymology", "pharmacology", "metabolism" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "55", "10.1021/bi00696a008" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 2001, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 3, 12 ], "Day": [ 16, 28, 16 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 56, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 12 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The kinetics of the pH-induced dissociation of the 3 X 10(6) mol wt hemoglobin from Lumbricus terrestris (the earthworm) have been studied in a light-scattering stopped-flow apparatus. The ligand dependent dissociation data were fit well by a simple sequential model. The data for CO and oxyhemoglobin are consistent with Hb12 leads to 2Hb6 leads to 12Hb. Methemoglobin at pH 7 appears to be hexameric and the dissociation is consistent with the model: Hb6 leads to 6Hb. In a sequential decay scheme for which light-scattering changes are monitored, the relative amounts of rapid and slow phase are determined by the rate constants as well as the molecular weights of intermediate species. Assignment of the hexameric intermediate is supported by an investigation of the sensitivity of the theoretical kinetic curves to the molecular weights of the intermediates. This assignment is further supported by the following: (1) the same model will fit the data for oxy- and CO-hemoglobin at all three temperatures (a 24-29-fold variation in rate constants), (2) evidence from electron microscopy shows hexameric forms, and (3) methemoglobin is apparently stable as a hexamer at pH 7. When CO replaces O2 as the ligand, the dissociation rate increases by a factor of four. The met is about 20 times faster than the initial oxyhemoglobin dissociation rate, but perhaps more relevant for comparing dissociation of the hexamer, the met rate was respectively 100 times and 500 times faster than that for the assumed hexameric forms of CO- and oxy-hemoglobin. The activation energies for the dodecamer to hexamer dissociation and for the dissociation of the hexamer to smaller forms were about 30 kcal/mol for oxy-, CO-, and methemoglobin." }, "ArticleTitle": "Kinetic light scattering studies on the dissociation of hemoglobin from Lumbricus terrestris.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Goss", "Parkhurst", "Görisch" ], "ForeName": [ "D J", "L J", "H" ], "Initials": [ "DJ", "LJ", "H" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "7U1EE4V452", "9061-29-4", "S88TT14065" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Hemoglobins", "Macromolecular Substances", "Oxyhemoglobins", "Carbon Monoxide", "Carboxyhemoglobin", "Oxygen" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Carbon Monoxide", "Carboxyhemoglobin", "Hemoglobins", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Macromolecular Substances", "Molecular Weight", "Oligochaeta", "Oxygen", "Oxyhemoglobins", "Protein Binding", "Scattering, Radiation", "Temperature" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "56", "10.1021/bi00696a012" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 16, 16, 16 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 57, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2021, "Month": 5, "Day": 3 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The reduction of metmyoglobin by the iron(II) complex of trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane-N,N,N'N'-tetraacetate (FeCDTA2-) has been investigated. The equilibrium constant, measured spectrophotometrically, is 0.21 with a resulting reduction potential of 0.050 V for Mb0. The rate constant for the reduction is 28 M-1 sec-1 with a deltaH ++ of 13 kcal M-1 and deltaS ++ of -11 eu. Both CN- and OH- inhibit the reduction because of the relatively low reactivity of cyanometmyoglobin (Mb+CN-) and ionized metmyglobin (Mb+OH-). The rate constant for the reduction of Mb+CN- by FeCDTA2- is 4.0 X 10(-2) M-1 sec-1 and that for reduction of Mb+OH- is 4.8 M-1 sec-1. The nitric oxide complex of metmyoglobin is reduced with a rate constant of 10 M-1 sec-1. The kinetics of oxidation of oxymyoglobin by FeCDTA- were studied. The data are consistent with a mechanism where oxidation takes place entirely through the deoxy form. A rate constant of 1.45 X 10(2) M-1 sec-1 was calculated for the oxidation of deoxymyoglobin by FeCDTA-, in equilibrium constant and rate constant for reduction. The above data are discussed in terms of a simple outer-sphere reduction reaction." }, "ArticleTitle": "The reversible reduction of horse metmyoglobin by the iron(II) complex of trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane-N,N,N,n-tetraacetate.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Cassatt", "Marini", "Bender" ], "ForeName": [ "J C", "C P", "J W" ], "Initials": [ "JC", "CP", "JW" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "0", "0", "0", "31C4KY9ESH", "482-54-2", "9G34HU7RV0", "E1UOL152H7", "S88TT14065" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Acetates", "Chelating Agents", "Cyanides", "Cyclohexylamines", "Ferrous Compounds", "Myoglobin", "Nitric Oxide", "CDTA", "Edetic Acid", "Iron", "Oxygen" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Acetates", "Animals", "Chelating Agents", "Cyanides", "Cyclohexylamines", "Edetic Acid", "Ferrous Compounds", "Horses", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Iron", "Kinetics", "Myoglobin", "Nitric Oxide", "Oxidation-Reduction", "Oxygen", "Protein Binding" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "", "", "analogs & derivatives", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "57", "10.1021/bi00696a014" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 16, 16, 16 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 58, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The purification of axonal membranes of crustaceans was followed by measuring enrichment in [3H]tetrodotoxin binding capacity and in Na+, K+-ATPase activity. A characteristic of these membranes is their high content of lipids and their low content of protein as compared to other types of plasmatic membranes. The axonal membrane contains myosin-like, actin-like, tropomyosin-like, and tubulin-like proteins. It also contains Na+, K+-ATPase and acetylcholinesterase. The molecular weights of these two enzymes after solubilization are 280,000 and 270,000, respectively. The molecular weights of the catalytic subunits are 96,000 for ATPase and 71,000 for acetylcholinesterase. We confirmed the presence of a nicotine binding component in the axonal membrane of the lobster but we have been unable to find [3H]nicotine binding to crab axonal membranes. The binding to axonal membranes og of the sodium channel, has been studied in detail. The dissociation constant for the binding of [3H]tetrodotoxin to the axonal membrane receptor is 2.9 nM at pH 7.4. The concentration of the tetrodotoxin receptor in crustacean membranes is about 10 pmol/mg of membrane protein, 7 times less than the acetylcholinesterase, 30 times less than the Na+, K+-ATPase, and 30 times less than the nicotine binding component in the lobster membrane. A reasonable estimate indicates that approximately only one peptide chain in 1000 constitutes the tetrodotoxin binding part of the sodium channel in the axonal membrane. Veratridine, which acts selectively on the resting sodium permeability, binds to the phospholipid part of the axonal membrane. [3H]Veratridine binding to membranes parallels the electrophysiological effect. Veratridine and tetrodotoxin have different receptor sites. Although tetrodotoxin can repolarize the excitable membrane of a giant axon depolarized by veratridine, veratridine does not affect the binding of [3H]tetrodotoxin to purified axonal membranes. Similarly, tetrodotoxin does not affect the binding of [3H]veratridine to axonal membranes. Scorpion neurotoxin I, a presynaptic toxin which affects both the Na+ and the K+ channels, does not interfere with the binding of [3H]tetrodotoxin or [3H]veratridine to axonal membranes. Tetrodotoxin, veratridine, and scorpion neurotoxin I, which have in common the perturbation of the normal functioning of the sodium channel, act upon three different types of receptor sites." }, "ArticleTitle": "Constitution and properties of axonal membranes of crustacean nerves.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Balerna", "Fosset", "Chicheportiche", "Romey", "Lazdunski" ], "ForeName": [ "M", "M", "R", "G", "M" ], "Initials": [ "M", "M", "R", "G", "M" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "0", "4368-28-9", "6M3C89ZY6R", "71-62-5", "EC 3.1.1.7", "EC 3.6.1.-" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Carbohydrates", "Lipids", "Proteins", "Toxins, Biological", "Tetrodotoxin", "Nicotine", "Veratridine", "Acetylcholinesterase", "Adenosine Triphosphatases" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Acetylcholinesterase", "Adenosine Triphosphatases", "Axons", "Binding Sites", "Carbohydrates", "Crustacea", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Lipids", "Membranes", "Molecular Weight", "Nicotine", "Proteins", "Scorpions", "Tetrodotoxin", "Toxins, Biological", "Veratridine" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "metabolism", "analysis", "", "analysis", "metabolism", "", "", "analysis", "analysis", "", "metabolism", "analysis", "", "metabolism", "metabolism", "metabolism" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "58", "10.1021/bi00696a019" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 16, 16, 16 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 59, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "1. A new procedure is described for selecting nitrogenase-derepressed mutants based on the method of Brenchley et al. (Brenchley, J.E., Prival, M.J. and Magasanik, B. (1973) J. Biol. Chem. 248, 6122-6128) for isolating histidase-constitutive mutants of a non-N2-fixing bacterium. 2. Nitrogenase levels of the new mutants in the presence of NH4+ were as high as 100% of the nitrogenase activity detected in the absence of NH4+. 3. Biochemical characterization of these nitrogen fixation (nif) derepressed mutants reveals that they fall into three classes. Three mutants (strains SK-24, 28 and 29), requiring glutamate for growth, synthesize nitrogenase and glutamine synthetase constitutively (in the presence of NH4+). A second class of mutants (strains SK-27 and 37) requiring glutamine for growth produces derepressed levels of nitrogenase activity and synthesized catalytically inactive glutamine synthetase protein, as determined immunologically. A third class of glutamine-requiring, nitrogenase-derepressed mutants (strain SK-25 and 26) synthesizes neither a catalytically active glutamine synthetase enzyme nor an immunologically cross-reactive glutamine synthetase protein. 4. F-prime complementation analysis reveals that the mutant strains SK-25, 26, 27, 37 map in a segment of the Klebsiella chromosome corresponding to the region coding for glutamine synthetase. Since the mutant strains SK-27 and SK-37 produce inactive glutamine synthetase protein, it is concluded that these mutations map within the glutamine synthetase structural gene." }, "ArticleTitle": "Regulation of nitrogen fixation. Nitrogenase-derepressed mutants of Klebsiella pneumoniae.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Shanmugam", "Chan", "Morandi" ], "ForeName": [ "K T", "I", "C" ], "Initials": [ "KT", "I", "C" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "7664-41-7", "EC 1.18.6.1", "EC 1.4.1.2", "EC 6.3.1.2" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Ammonia", "Nitrogenase", "Glutamate Dehydrogenase", "Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Ammonia", "Chromosome Mapping", "Glutamate Dehydrogenase", "Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase", "Hybridization, Genetic", "Immunodiffusion", "Klebsiella pneumoniae", "Mutation", "Nitrogen Fixation", "Nitrogenase", "Phenotype", "Species Specificity" ], "QualifierName": [ "pharmacology", "", "metabolism", "immunology", "", "", "drug effects", "", "drug effects", "metabolism", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "59", "0005-2728(75)90002-X", "10.1016/0005-2728(75)90002-x" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 11, 11, 11 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 60, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "1. The superoxide anion radical (O2-) reacts with ferricytochrome c to form ferrocytochrome c. No intermediate complexes are observable. No reaction could be detected between O2- and ferrocytochrome c. 2. At 20 degrees C the rate constant for the reaction at pH 4.7 to 6.7 is 1.4-10(6) M-1. S -1 and as the pH increases above 6.7 the rate constant steadily decreases. The dependence on pH is the same for tuna heart and horse heart cytochrome c. No reaction could be demonstrated between O2- and the form of cytochrome c which exists above pH approximately 9.2. The dependence of the rate constant on pH can be explained if cytochrome c has pKs of 7.45 and 9.2, and O2- reacts with the form present below pH 7.45 with k = 1.4-10(6) M-1 - S-1, the form above pH 7.45 with k = 3.0- 10(5) M-1 - S-1, and the form present above pH 9.2 with k = 0. 3. The reaction has an activation energy of 20 kJ mol-1 and an enthalpy of activation at 25 degrees C of 18 kJ mol-1 both above and below pH 7.45. It is suggested that O2- may reduce cytochrome c through a track composed of aromatic amino acids, and that little protein rearrangement is required for the formation of the activated complex. 4. No reduction of ferricytochrome c by HO2 radicals could be demonstrated at pH 1.2-6.2 but at pH 5.3, HO2 radicals oxidize ferrocytochrome c with a rate constant of about 5-10(5)-5-10(6) M-1 - S-1." }, "ArticleTitle": "The reaction between the superoxide anion radical and cytochrome c.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Butler", "Jayson", "Swallow" ], "ForeName": [ "J", "G G", "A J" ], "Initials": [ "J", "GG", "AJ" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "11062-77-4", "S88TT14065" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Cytochrome c Group", "Free Radicals", "Superoxides", "Oxygen" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Binding Sites", "Calorimetry", "Cytochrome c Group", "Free Radicals", "Horses", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Myocardium", "Oxygen", "Protein Binding", "Spectrophotometry", "Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet", "Superoxides", "Temperature", "Thermodynamics" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "enzymology", "", "", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "60", "0005-2728(75)90124-3", "10.1016/0005-2728(75)90124-3" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 11, 11, 11 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 61, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "After a 500 mus laser flash a 120 mus phase in the decay of delayed fluorescence is visible under a variety of circumstances in spinach chloroplasts and subchloroplast particles enriched in Photosystem II prepared by means of digitonin. The level of this phase is high in the case of inhibition of oxygen evolution at the donor side of Photosystem II. Comparison with the results of Babcock and Sauer (1975) Biochim. Bio-phys. Acta 376, 329-344, indicates that their EPR signal IIf which they suppose to be due to Z+, the oxidized first secondary donor of Photosystem II, is well correlated with a large amplitude of our 120 mus phase. We explain our 120 mus phase by the intrinsic back reaction of the excited reaction center in the presence of Z+, as predicted by Van Gorkom and Donze (1973) Photochem. Photobiol. 17, 333-342. The redox state of Z+ is dependent on the internal pH of the thylakoids. The results on the effect of pH in the mus region are compared with those obtained in the ms region." }, "ArticleTitle": "Identification of the 120 mus phase in the decay of delayed fluorescence in spinach chloroplasts and subchloroplast particles as the intrinsic back reaction. The dependence of the level of this phase on the thylakoids internal pH.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Haveman", "Lavorel" ], "ForeName": [ "J", "J" ], "Initials": [ "J", "J" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "2001-95-8", "555-60-2", "9I3SDS92WY", "KOO5CM684H", "RRU6GY95IS" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Hydroxylamines", "Semicarbazides", "Valinomycin", "Carbonyl Cyanide m-Chlorophenyl Hydrazone", "Diuron", "Digitonin", "Nigericin" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Carbonyl Cyanide m-Chlorophenyl Hydrazone", "Chloroplasts", "Digitonin", "Diuron", "Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Hydroxylamines", "Kinetics", "Lasers", "Luminescent Measurements", "Nigericin", "Photosynthesis", "Plants", "Semicarbazides", "Spectrometry, Fluorescence", "Valinomycin" ], "QualifierName": [ "pharmacology", "drug effects", "", "pharmacology", "", "", "pharmacology", "", "", "", "pharmacology", "drug effects", "", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "61", "0005-2728(75)90129-2", "10.1016/0005-2728(75)90129-2" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 11, 11, 11 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 62, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Photosystem II reaction center components have been studied in small system II particles prepared with digitonin. Upon illumination the reduction of the primary acceptor was indicated by absorbance changes due to the reduction of a plastoquinone to the semiquinone anion and by a small blue shifts of absorption bands near 545 nm (C550) and 685 nm. The semiquinone to chlorophyll ratio was between 1/20 and 1/70 in various preparations. The terminal electron donor in this reaction did not cause large absorbance changes but its oxidized form was revealed by a hitherto unknown electron spin resonance (ESR) signal, which had some properties of the well-known signal II but a linewidth and g-value much nearer to those of signal I. Upon darkening absorbance and ESR changes decayed together in a cyclic or back reaction which was stimulated by 3-(3,4 dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea. The donor could be oxidized by ferricyanide in the dark. Illumination in the presence of ferricyanide induced absorbance and ESR changes, rapidly reversed upon darkening, which may be ascribed to the oxidation of a chlorophyll a dimer, possibly the primary electron donor of photosystem II. In addition an ESR signal with 15 to 20 gauss linewidth and a slower dark decay was observed, which may have been caused by a secondary donor." }, "ArticleTitle": "Light-induced changes of absorbance and electron spin resonance in small photosystem II particles.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Van Gorkom", "Pulles", "Wessels" ], "ForeName": [ "H J", "M P", "J S" ], "Initials": [ "HJ", "MP", "JS" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "1406-65-1", "9I3SDS92WY" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Ferricyanides", "Chlorophyll", "Diuron" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Binding Sites", "Chlorophyll", "Chloroplasts", "Darkness", "Diuron", "Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy", "Ferricyanides", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Light", "Photophosphorylation", "Plants", "Spectrophotometry", "Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "metabolism", "drug effects", "", "pharmacology", "", "", "", "", "drug effects", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "62", "0005-2728(75)90134-6", "10.1016/0005-2728(75)90134-6" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 11, 11, 11 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 63, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 19 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "1. Crude extracts and partially purified enzyme preparations from potato tubers catalyse, at pH 5-7, the conversion of linoleic acid hydroperoxides to a range of oxygenated fatty acid derivatives. 2. 9-D- and 13-L-hydroperoxide isomers are converted at similar rates to equivalent (isomeric) products. 3. The major products from the 13-hydroperoxide isomer were identified as the corresponding monohydroxydienoic acid derivative, threo-11-hydroxy-trans12,13-epoxy-octadec-cis9-enoic acid and 9,12,13-trihydroxy-octadec-trans10-enoic acid. The corresponding products from the 9-hydroperoxide were the monohydroxydienoic acid, 9,10-epoxy-11-hydroxy-octadec-12-enoic acid and 9,10,13-trihydroxy-octadec-11-enoic acid. 4. No separation of activities forming the different products was achieved by partial purification of enzyme extracts. 5. Product formation was unaffected by EDTA, CN-, sulphydryl reagents or glutathione but was reduced by boiling the extracts. 6. This system is compared with the 9-hydroperoxide-specific enzymic formation of divinyl ether derivatives by potato extracts." }, "ArticleTitle": "Enzymic reactions of fatty acid hydroperoxides in extracts of potato tuber. II. Conversion of 9- and 13-hydroperoxy-octadecadienoic acids to monohydroxydienoic acid, epoxyhydroxy- and trihydroxymonoenoic acid derivatives.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Galliard", "Phillips", "Matthew" ], "ForeName": [ "T", "D R", "J A" ], "Initials": [ "T", "DR", "JA" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "EC 1.11.1.-" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Fatty Acids, Unsaturated", "Linoleic Acids", "Peroxidases" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Fatty Acids, Unsaturated", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Linoleic Acids", "Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy", "Peroxidases", "Plants", "Structure-Activity Relationship" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "", "metabolism", "enzymology", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "63", "0005-2760(75)90151-4", "10.1016/0005-2760(75)90151-4" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 21, 21, 21 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 64, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 19 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Microsomal phosphatidate phosphohydrolase (phosphatidate phosphatase EC 3.1.3.4) was solubilized and fractionated to yield at least two distinct enzymatically active fractions. One, denoted FA, was non-specific, had a relatively high Km for phosphatidic acid and was insensitive to inhibition by diacylglycerol. The second fraction, FB, was specific for phosphatidates, had a low Km, and was inhibited, non-competitively, by diacylglycerol. FA exhibited a sigmoid substrate-activity curve. The isolated FB aggregated to particles of about 10(6) in the absence of salts and could be dissociated by the addition of monovalent cations at ionic strength 0.4-0.6 to about 2-10(5) daltons and thereby doubled its activity. Dissociation was time- and temperature-dependent. F- was inhibitory. Divalent ions were not required for the activity of FA or FB and inhibited at concentrations exceeding 1 mM." }, "ArticleTitle": "Partial purification and properties of microsomal phosphatidate phosphohydrolase from rat liver.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Caras", "Shapiro" ], "ForeName": [ "I", "B" ], "Initials": [ "I", "B" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "005990WHZZ", "42Z2K6ZL8P", "451W47IQ8X", "EC 3.1.3.2", "I38ZP9992A", "SY7Q814VUP" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Diglycerides", "Phospholipids", "Deoxycholic Acid", "Manganese", "Sodium Chloride", "Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases", "Magnesium", "Calcium" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Calcium", "Deoxycholic Acid", "Diglycerides", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Magnesium", "Manganese", "Microsomes, Liver", "Osmolar Concentration", "Phospholipids", "Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases", "Rats", "Sodium Chloride", "Structure-Activity Relationship", "Temperature" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology", "", "", "pharmacology", "pharmacology", "enzymology", "", "metabolism", "isolation & purification", "", "pharmacology", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "64", "0005-2760(75)90154-X", "10.1016/0005-2760(75)90154-x" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 21, 21, 21 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 65, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 19 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Rabbit liver microsomal preparations fortified with 0.1 mM NADPH effectively promote hydroxylation of [3beta-3H]- or [24-14C]allochenodeoxycholic acid or [5alpha,6alpha-3H2]5alpha-cholestane-3alpha,7alpha-diol to their respective 12alpha-hydroxyl derivatives in yields of about 25 or 65% in 60 min. Minor amounts of other products are formed from the diol. The requirements for activity of rabbit liver microsomal 12alpha-hydroxylase resemble those of rat liver microsomes. Of a number of enzyme inhibitors studied only p-chloromercuribenzoate demonstrated a marked ability to inhibit the reaction with either tritiated substrate. There was no difference in the quantity of product produced from the tritiated acid or the 14C-labeled acid. No clear sex difference was found in activity of the enzyme, nor was an appreciable difference noted in activity of the enzyme between mature and immature animals." }, "ArticleTitle": "Bile acids. XLVII. 12alpha-Hydroxylation of precursors of allo bile acids by rabbit liver microsomes.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Ali", "Elliott" ], "ForeName": [ "S S", "W H" ], "Initials": [ "SS", "WH" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "53-59-8", "EC 1.-" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Bile Acids and Salts", "NADP", "Mixed Function Oxygenases" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Aging", "Animals", "Bile Acids and Salts", "Female", "Kinetics", "Male", "Microsomes, Liver", "Mixed Function Oxygenases", "NADP", "Oxidation-Reduction", "Rabbits", "Sex Factors" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "metabolism", "", "", "", "metabolism", "metabolism", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "65", "0005-2760(75)90159-9", "10.1016/0005-2760(75)90159-9" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 21, 21, 21 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 66, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Properties of the phenobarbital induced cytoplasmic aldehyde dehydrogenase (EC 1.2.1.3) have been studied in rat liver. 7-12-Fold higher levels were seen in the cytoplasmic activities after phenobarbital treatment in reactor compared to non-reactor animals with high concentrations of acetaldehyde (18 mM) and propionaldehyde (9 mM). No difference was found with 0.12 mM acetaldehyde, 2 mM glycolaldehyde, 6 mM formaldehyde or 0.5 mM betaine aldehyde. The reactor group also had slightly higher activity in the mitochondrial fraction with the high acetaldehyde and propionaldehyde concentrations. In the microsomal fraction, the activities showed no differences at any substrate concentration. An induced aldehyde dehydrogenase was purified 70-fold by chromatographic techniques. It had different molecular and enzymic properties than the main high-Km enzyme normally present in rat liver cytoplasm. The pI of the induced enzyme was about 7.0 as measured by isoelectric focusing. It was active with several aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes but not with formaldehyde, glycolaldehyde or D-glyceraldehyde. The Km-values for propionaldehyde and acetaldehyde were in the millimolar range. Millimolar concentrations of aromatic aldehydes caused a strong substrate inhibition. The enzyme was inhibited by submicromolar concentrations of disulfiram. Estrone, deoxycorticosterone, progesterone and diethylstilbestrol also affected the enzyme activity." }, "ArticleTitle": "Partial purification and properties of a phenobarbital-induced aldehyde dehydrogenase of rat liver.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Koivula", "Koivusalo" ], "ForeName": [ "T", "M" ], "Initials": [ "T", "M" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "EC 1.2.-", "YQE403BP4D" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Aldehyde Oxidoreductases", "Phenobarbital" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Aldehyde Oxidoreductases", "Animals", "Enzyme Activation", "Enzyme Induction", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Liver", "Male", "Phenobarbital", "Rats", "Structure-Activity Relationship", "Subcellular Fractions" ], "QualifierName": [ "isolation & purification", "", "drug effects", "drug effects", "", "", "drug effects", "", "pharmacology", "", "", "enzymology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "66", "0005-2744(75)90202-8", "10.1016/0005-2744(75)90202-8" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 20, 20, 20 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 67, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Enzymes capable of hydrolyzing esters of thiocholine have been assayed in extracts of Solanum melongena L. (eggplant) and Zea Mays L. (corn). The enzymes from both species are inhibited by the anti-cholinesterases neostigmine, physostigmine, and 284c51 and by AMO-1618, a plant growth retardant and they both have pH optima near pH 8.0. The enzyme from eggplant is maximally active at a substrate concentration of 0.15 mM acetylthiocholine and is inhibited at higher substrate concentrations. On the basis of this last property, the magnitude of inhibition by the various inhibitors, and the substrate specificity, we conclude that the enzyme from eggplant, but not that from corn, is a cholinesterase." }, "ArticleTitle": "Cholinesterases from plant tissues. VI. Preliminary characterization of enzymes from Solanum melongena L. and Zea mays L.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Fluck", "Jaffe" ], "ForeName": [ "R A", "M J" ], "Initials": [ "RA", "MJ" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "4468-05-7", "EC 3.1.1.8" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Cholinesterase Inhibitors", "Acetylthiocholine", "Cholinesterases" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Acetylthiocholine", "Cholinesterase Inhibitors", "Cholinesterases", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Plants", "Species Specificity", "Structure-Activity Relationship", "Subcellular Fractions", "Zea mays" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "pharmacology", "metabolism", "", "", "enzymology", "", "", "enzymology", "enzymology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "67", "0005-2744(75)90213-2", "10.1016/0005-2744(75)90213-2" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 20, 20, 20 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 68, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl phosphate by wheat germ acid phosphatase (orthophosphoric monoester phosphohydrolase, EC 3.1.3.2) has been investigated in mixtures of aqueous buffers with acetone, dioxane and acetonitrile. The enzyme was either in free solution or immobilized on a pellicular support which consisted of a porous carbonaceous layer on solid glass beads. The highest enzyme activity was obtained in acetone and acetonitrile mixed with citrate buffer over a wide range of organic solvent concentration. In 50% (v/v) acetone both V and Km of the immobilized enzyme were about half of the values in the neat aqueous buffer, but the Ki for inorganic phosphate was unchanged. In 50% (v/v) mixtures of various solvents and citrate buffers of different pH, the enzymic activity was found to depend on the pH of the aqueous buffer component rather than the pH of the hydro-organic mixture as measured with the glass-calomel electrode. The relatively high rates of p-nitrophenol liberation in the presence of glucose even at high organic solvent concentrations suggest that transphosphorylation is facilitated at low water activity." }, "ArticleTitle": "Behavior of soluble and immobilized acid phosphatase in hydro-organic media.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Wan", "Horvath" ], "ForeName": [ "H", "C" ], "Initials": [ "H", "C" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "EC 3.1.3.2" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Acid Phosphatase" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Acid Phosphatase", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Protein Binding", "Seeds", "Solubility", "Triticum" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "", "", "", "enzymology", "", "enzymology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "68", "0005-2744(75)90214-4", "10.1016/0005-2744(75)90214-4" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 20, 20, 20 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 69, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 12, "Day": 10 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "A strain of Bacillus sp (Bacillus R-4) produces a protease and a carbohydrolase both of which have the ability to lyse Rhizopus cell walls. Of the enzymes, the carbohydrolase has been purified to an ultracentrifugally and electrophoretically homogeneous state, and identified as a chitosanase. The enzyme was active on glycol chitosan as well as chitosan. Molecular weight of the purified enzyme was estimated as 31 000 and isoelectric point as pH 8.30. The enzyme was most active at pH 5.6 and at 40 degrees C with either Rhizopus cell wall or glycol chitosan as substrate, and was stable over a range of pH 4.5 to 7.5 at 40 degrees C for 3 h. The activity was lost by sulfhydryl reagents and restored by either reduced glutathione of L-cysteine. An abrupt decrease in viscosity of the reaction mixture suggested an endowise cleavage of chitosan by this enzyme." }, "ArticleTitle": "Purification and some enzymatic properties of the chitosanase from Bacillus R-4 which lyses Rhizopus cell walls.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Tominaga", "Tsujisaka" ], "ForeName": [ "Y", "Y" ], "Initials": [ "Y", "Y" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "0", "9G34HU7RV0", "EC 3.2.1.-", "EC 3.2.1.132" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Cations, Divalent", "Citrates", "Polysaccharides", "Sulfhydryl Reagents", "Edetic Acid", "Glycoside Hydrolases", "chitosanase" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Bacillus", "Cations, Divalent", "Cell Wall", "Citrates", "Drug Stability", "Edetic Acid", "Glycoside Hydrolases", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Molecular Weight", "Polysaccharides", "Rhizopus", "Sulfhydryl Reagents", "Temperature" ], "QualifierName": [ "enzymology", "", "ultrastructure", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology", "isolation & purification", "", "", "", "metabolism", "ultrastructure", "pharmacology", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "69", "0005-2744(75)90215-6", "10.1016/0005-2744(75)90215-6" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 20, 20, 20 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 70, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Oligosaccharides containing terminal non-reducing alpha(1 leads to 2)-, alpha(1 leads to 3)-, and alpha(1 leads to 6)-linked mannose residues, isolated from human and bovine mannosidosis urines were used as substrates to test the specificities of acidic alpha-mannosidases isolated from human and bovine liver. The enzymes released all the alpha-linked mannose residues from each oligosaccharide and were most effective on the smallest substrate. Enzyme A in each case was less active on the oligosaccharides than alpha-mannosidase B2, even though the apparent Km value for the substrates was the same with each enzyme. The human acidic alpha-mannosidases were also found to be more active on substrates isolated from human rather than bovine mannosidosis urine. Human alpha-mannosidase C, which has a neutral pH optimum when assayed with a synthetic substrate, did not hydrolyse any of the oligosaccharides at neutral pH, but was found to be active at an acidic pH." }, "ArticleTitle": "Specificity studies on alpha-mannosidases using oligosaccharides from mannosidosis urine as substrates.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Hultberg", "Lundblad", "Masson", "Ockerman" ], "ForeName": [ "B", "A", "P K", "P A" ], "Initials": [ "B", "A", "PK", "PA" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "EC 3.2.1.-", "EC 3.2.1.-", "PHA4727WTP" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Oligosaccharides", "Disaccharidases", "Mannosidases", "Mannose" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errors", "Cattle", "Disaccharidases", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Liver", "Mannose", "Mannosidases", "Oligosaccharides", "Species Specificity" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "urine", "", "metabolism", "", "", "", "enzymology", "metabolism", "isolation & purification", "urine", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "70", "0005-2744(75)90216-8", "10.1016/0005-2744(75)90216-8" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 20, 20, 20 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 71, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The characterization and localization of a Ca(2+)-ATPase (ATP phosphohydrolase, EC 3.6.1.3) in the tooth germ of the porcine fetus are reported. This enzyme, a microsome fraction, is preferentially activated by Ca(2+). In the presence of 0.5 mM ATP, maximal enzyme activity is obtained at 0.5--1.0 mM CaCl2. The maximal rate of ATP hydrolysis is approx. 20 mumol per h per mg of protein as the enzyme preparation is used here. At optimal Ca(2+) concentration, the Mg(2+) has an inhibitory effect. The enzyme does not require Na+ or/and K+ for activation by Ca(2+). Other nucleotide triphosphates may serve as the substrate, but V for ATP is the highest. The Km for ATP is 8.85 - 10(-5) M. The optimal pH for Ca(2+) activation of the enzyme lies around 9.2. Well known inhibitors of (Na+ + K+)-ATPase, mitochondria ATPase and Ca(2+)-ATPase in the erthrocyte do not inhibit the enzyme. In the subcellular order the enzyme may be assumed to be localized in the smooth endoplasmic reticulum fraction containing cell and Golgi body membrane fragments and in the tissue order in the enamel organ containing an ameloblast layer, stratum intermedium and stellate reticulum." }, "ArticleTitle": "Calcium-stimulated adenosine triphosphatase in the microsomal fraction of tooth germ from porcine fetus.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Yoshimura", "Suzuki" ], "ForeName": [ "F", "T" ], "Initials": [ "F", "T" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "9G34HU7RV0", "EC 3.6.1.-", "I38ZP9992A", "SY7Q814VUP" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Cations, Divalent", "Edetic Acid", "Adenosine Triphosphatases", "Magnesium", "Calcium" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adenosine Triphosphatases", "Animals", "Calcium", "Cations, Divalent", "Edetic Acid", "Enzyme Activation", "Female", "Fetus", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Magnesium", "Microsomes", "Pregnancy", "Swine", "Tooth Germ" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology", "drug effects", "", "", "", "", "pharmacology", "enzymology", "", "", "embryology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "71", "0005-2744(75)90218-1", "10.1016/0005-2744(75)90218-1" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 20, 20, 20 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 72, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Purified skeletal muscle myosin (EC 3.6.1.3) has been covalently bound to Sepharose 4B by the cyanogen bromide procedure. The resulting complex, Sepharose-Myosin, possesses adenosine triphosphatase activity and is relatively stable for long periods of time. Under optimal binding conditions, approximately 33% of the specific ATPase activity of the bound myosin is retained. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of polypeptides released from denatured Sepharose-Myosin indicates that 85% of the myosin is attached to the agarose beads through the heavy chains and the remainder through the light chains, in agreement with predictions of binding and release based upon either the lysine contents or molecular weights of themyosin subunits. The adenosine triphosphatase of the immobilized myosin has been investigated under conditions of varying pH, ionic strength, and cation concentration. The ATPase profiles of immobilized myosin are quite similar to those for free myosin, however subtle differences are found. The Sepharose-Myosin ATPase is not as sensitive as myosin to alterations in salt concentration and the apparent KM is approximately two-fold higher than that of myosin. These differences are probably due to chemical modification in the region of the attachment site(s) to the agarose beads and hydration and diffusion limitations imposed by the polymeric agarose matrix." }, "ArticleTitle": "Preparation and characterization of an enzymatically active immobilized derivative of myosin.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Elgart", "Gusovsky", "Rosenberg" ], "ForeName": [ "E S", "T", "M D" ], "Initials": [ "ES", "T", "MD" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "660YQ98I10", "9012-36-6", "9G34HU7RV0", "EC 3.6.1.-", "EC 3.6.4.1", "SY7Q814VUP" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Actins", "Potassium Chloride", "Sepharose", "Edetic Acid", "Adenosine Triphosphatases", "Myosins", "Calcium" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Actins", "Adenosine Triphosphatases", "Animals", "Calcium", "Chickens", "Chromatography, Affinity", "Edetic Acid", "Enzyme Activation", "Female", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Molecular Weight", "Muscles", "Myosins", "Osmolar Concentration", "Potassium Chloride", "Protein Binding", "Sepharose" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "metabolism", "", "pharmacology", "", "", "pharmacology", "drug effects", "", "", "", "enzymology", "isolation & purification", "", "pharmacology", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "72", "0005-2744(75)90219-3", "10.1016/0005-2744(75)90219-3" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 20, 20, 20 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 73, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "1. Based on incorporation of radioactively labeled N-ethylmaleimide, the readily reactive thiol groups of isolated myosin (EC 3.6.1.3) from fast, slow and cardiac muscles could be classified into 3 types. All 3 myosins contain 2 thiol-1, 2 thiol-2 and a variable number of thiol-3 groups per molecule. Both thiol-1 and thiol-2 groups which are essential for functioning of the K+-stimulated ATPase, are located in the heavy chains in all 3 myosin types. 2. The variation in the incorporation pattern of N-ethylmaleimide over the 3 thiol group classes under steady-state conditions of Mg(2+) - ATP hydrolysis allowed different conformations of some reaction intermediates to be characterized. In all 3 types of myosin the hydrolytic cycle of Mg(2+) - ATP was found to be controlled by the same step at 25 degrees C. In all three cases, this rate-limiting step is changed in the same way by lowereing temperature. 3. Using the chemically determined molecular weights for myosin light chains, their stoichiometry was found on the basis of sodium dodecyl sulfate electrophoresis to be 1.2 : 2.1 : 0.8 for light chain-1: light chain-2:light chain-3 per molecule of fast myosin, 2.0 : 1.9 for light chain-1:light chain-2 per molecule of slow myosin and 1.9 : 1.9 for light chain-1:light chain-2 per molecule of cardiac myosin. This qualitative difference in light subunit composition between the fast and the two types of slow myosin is not reflected in the small variations of the characteristics exhibited by the isolated myosins, but rather seems to be connected with their respective myofibrillar ATPase activities." }, "ArticleTitle": "Radioactive labeling and location of specific thiol groups in myosin from fast, slow and cardiac muscles.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Pfister", "Schaub", "Watterson", "Knecht", "Waser" ], "ForeName": [ "M", "M C", "J G", "M", "P G" ], "Initials": [ "M", "MC", "JG", "M", "PG" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [ "SF19107" ], "Agency": [ "Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council" ], "Country": [ "United Kingdom" ] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "EC 3.6.1.-", "EC 3.6.4.1", "I38ZP9992A", "O3C74ACM9V", "RWP5GA015D" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Sulfhydryl Compounds", "Adenosine Triphosphatases", "Myosins", "Magnesium", "Ethylmaleimide", "Potassium" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adenosine Triphosphatases", "Animals", "Binding Sites", "Enzyme Activation", "Ethylmaleimide", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Magnesium", "Molecular Weight", "Muscle, Smooth", "Muscles", "Myocardium", "Myosins", "Potassium", "Protein Binding", "Protein Conformation", "Rabbits", "Sulfhydryl Compounds", "Swine", "Temperature" ], "QualifierName": [ "analysis", "", "", "drug effects", "pharmacology", "", "", "pharmacology", "", "enzymology", "enzymology", "enzymology", "analysis", "pharmacology", "", "", "", "analysis", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "73", "0005-2744(75)90220-X", "10.1016/0005-2744(75)90220-x" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 20, 20, 20 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 74, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "1. The pH dependencies of the apparent Michaelis constant for oxidized glutathione and the apparent turnover number of yeast glutathione reductase (EC 1.6.4.2) have been determined at a fixed concentration of 0.1 mM NADPH in the range pH 4.5--8.0. Between pH 5.5 and 7.6, both of these parameters are relatively constant. The principal effect of low pH on the kinetics of the enzyme-catalyzed reaction is the observation of a pH-dependent substrate inhibition by oxidized glutathione at pH less than or equal 7, which is shown to correlate with the binding of oxidized glutathione to the oxidized form of the enzyme. 2. The catalytic activity of yeast glutathione reductase at pH 5.5 is affected by the sodium acetate buffer concentration. The stability of the oxidized and reduced forms of the enzyme at pH 5.5 and 25 degrees C in the absence of bovine serum albumin was studied as a function of sodium acetate concentration. The results show that activation of the catalytic activity of the enzyme at low sodium acetate concentration correlates with an effect of sodium acetate on a reduced form of the enzyme. In contrast, inhibition of the catalytic activity of the enzyme at high sodium acetate concentration correlates with an effect of sodium acetate on the oxidized form of the enzyme." }, "ArticleTitle": "Yeast glutathione reductase. Studies of the kinetics and stability of the enzyme as a function of pH and salt concentration.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Moroff", "Brandt" ], "ForeName": [ "G", "K G" ], "Initials": [ "G", "KG" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "EC 1.8.1.7", "GAN16C9B8O" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Acetates", "Glutathione Reductase", "Glutathione" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Acetates", "Drug Stability", "Enzyme Activation", "Glutathione", "Glutathione Reductase", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Osmolar Concentration", "Oxidation-Reduction", "Saccharomyces cerevisiae", "Temperature" ], "QualifierName": [ "pharmacology", "", "drug effects", "pharmacology", "metabolism", "", "", "", "", "enzymology", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "74", "0005-2744(75)90204-1", "10.1016/0005-2744(75)90204-1" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 20, 20, 20 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 75, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The phosphorylated form of liver glycogen phosphorylase (alpha-1,4-glucan : orthophosphate alpha-glucosyl-transferase, EC 2.4.1.1) (phosphorylase a) is active and easily measured while the dephosphorylated form (phosphorylase b), in contrast to the muscle enzyme, has been reported to be essentially inactive even in the presence of AMP. We have purified both forms of phosphorylase from rat liver and studied the characteristics of each. Phosphorylase b activity can be measured with our assay conditions. The phosphorylase b we obtained was stimulated by high concentrations of sulfate, and was a substrate for muscle phosphorylase kinase whereas phosphorylase a was inhibited by sulfate, and was a substrate for liver phosphorylase phosphatase. Substrate binding to phosphorylase b was poor (KM glycogen = 2.5 mM, glucose-1-P = 250 mM) compared to phosphorylase a (KM glycogen = 1.8 mM, KM glucose-1-P = 0.7 mM). Liver phosphorylase b was active in the absence of AMP. However, AMP lowered the KM for glucose-1-P to 80 mM for purified phosphorylase b and to 60 mM for the enzyme in crude extract (Ka = 0.5 mM). Using appropriate substrate, buffer and AMP concentrations, assay conditions have been developed which allow determination of phosphorylase a and 90% of the phosphorylase b activity in liver extracts. Interconversion of the two forms can be demonstrated in vivo (under acute stimulation) and in vitro with little change in total activity. A decrease in total phosphorylase activity has been observed after prolonged starvation and in diabetes." }, "ArticleTitle": "Characteristics of the dephosphorylated form of phosphorylase purified from rat liver and measurement of its activity in crude liver preparations.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Tan", "Nuttall" ], "ForeName": [ "A W", "F Q" ], "Initials": [ "AW", "FQ" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "415SHH325A", "EC 2.4.1.-", "EC 2.7.1.19", "EC 3.1.3.17" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Buffers", "Salts", "Adenosine Monophosphate", "Phosphorylases", "Phosphorylase Kinase", "Phosphorylase Phosphatase" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adenosine Monophosphate", "Adrenal Glands", "Adrenalectomy", "Animals", "Buffers", "Chickens", "Diabetes Mellitus", "Fasting", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Liver", "Muscles", "Phosphorylase Kinase", "Phosphorylase Phosphatase", "Phosphorylases", "Rabbits", "Rats", "Salts" ], "QualifierName": [ "pharmacology", "physiology", "", "", "", "", "metabolism", "", "", "", "metabolism", "enzymology", "metabolism", "metabolism", "isolation & purification", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "75", "0005-2744(75)90206-5", "10.1016/0005-2744(75)90206-5" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 20, 20, 20 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 76, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Two rabbit erythrocyte casein kinases, GTP:casein kinase I and GTP:casein kinase II, have been purified 29 000- and 47 000-fold, respectively. Studies employing sucrose density gradient centrifugation indicate that kinase I has a molecular weight of about 9.5 - 10(5) (25 S) and kinase II about 1.4 - 10(6) (32 S). These enzymes can utilize either ATP or GTP as the phosphoryl donor. Among various protein substrates examined, these kinases catalyze the phosphorylation of casein greater than 50% dephosphorylated phosvitin congruent to 50% dephosphorylated casein greater than phosvitin. Histones, protamine and bovine serum albumin are poor phosphoryl acceptors. Kinetic data indicate that both enzymes are inhibited by high casein substrate concentrations which may be partially relieved by NaCl. Both phosphotransferases require Mg(2+) for activity and are optimally active at pH 9.0. The enzymes have apparent Km values of 2.5 - 10(-5) M for GTP, 2 - 10(-5) M for ATP, and 0.4--0.6 mg/ml for casein. The incorporation of the terminal phosphate of GTP into casein as catalyzed by these enzymes is inhibited to varying degrees by ATP, ITP, ADP, and GDP but not by UTP, CTP, GMP, adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate, and guanosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate. In addition, NaF and 2,3-diphosphoglyceric acid are also found to inhibit the activity of both kinases. The effect of 2,3-diphosphoglycerate is interesting and suggests that this metabolite may regulate the activity of the casein kinases in the red blood cells." }, "ArticleTitle": "Multiple forms of casein kinase from rabbit erythrocytes.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Kumar", "Tao" ], "ForeName": [ "R", "M" ], "Initials": [ "R", "M" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "EC 2.7.-", "I38ZP9992A", "Q80VPU408O" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Caseins", "Isoenzymes", "Ribonucleotides", "Protein Kinases", "Magnesium", "Fluorides" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Caseins", "Enzyme Activation", "Erythrocytes", "Fluorides", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Isoenzymes", "Kinetics", "Magnesium", "Protein Kinases", "Rabbits", "Ribonucleotides" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "drug effects", "enzymology", "pharmacology", "", "blood", "", "pharmacology", "blood", "", "pharmacology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "76", "0005-2744(75)90209-0", "10.1016/0005-2744(75)90209-0" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 20, 20, 20 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 77, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "A purification procedure for creatine kinase (EC 2.7.3.2) from muscle of the monke35--170 muequiv H+/mg protein per min at 30 degrees C and a yield of approx. 0.5 g/kg muscle. Assuming equilibrium kinetics, synergistic binding of substrates at one catalytic site is found for both the forward and back reactions. Kinetic constants for the binding of each substrate to the free enzyme and the enzyme-second substrate complex are determined and are compared with those for the enzyme from other species. Inhibition by small anions is determined in the presence of different combinations of substrates and products. SO4(2-) inhibits by simple competitive inhibition and probably binds at the site of the transferrable phosphoryl group. Inhibition by NO3-, NO2-, SCN- and Cl- is more complex and these ions are suggested to mimic the transferrable phosphoryl group in a planar transition-state complex. These anions stabilize the dead-end complex, enzyme-creatine-MgADP, which lacks the transferable phosphoryl group. The effects of these anions on the dissociation constants of the enzyme-substrate complexes is reported and is in accord with the above hypothesis. The dead-end complex in the absence of anion does not protect the essential thiol group against inhibition by iodoacetamide. Addition of NO3- or Cl- to the dead-end complex or a substrate equilibrium mixture without anion confers protection. The essential thiol group is inhibited by iodoacetamide at a rate which is essentially independent of pH over the normal stability range of the enzyme. Contrary to our previous report this pH independence is not altered by the presence of dead-end complex, creatine plus MgADP, in the presence or absence of anion or in the presence of a substrate equilibrium mixture. It is inferred that the 'essential' thiol group of the monkey enzyme has essentially the same properties as that of the rabbit enzyme. In consequence, the inferences made about the role of this group based on our previous work on the monkey enzyme are no longer valid. The present findings are compatible with the essential thiol group playing a conformational role in the catalytic process." }, "ArticleTitle": "Kinetic studies and effects of anions on creatine phosphokinase from skeletal muscle of rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta).", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Chegwidden", "Watts" ], "ForeName": [ "W R", "D C" ], "Initials": [ "WR", "DC" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "8L70Q75FXE", "EC 2.7.3.2", "I38ZP9992A", "ZRH8M27S79" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Acetates", "Anions", "Adenosine Triphosphate", "Creatine Kinase", "Magnesium", "Iodoacetamide" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Acetates", "Adenosine Triphosphate", "Animals", "Anions", "Creatine Kinase", "Enzyme Activation", "Haplorhini", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Iodoacetamide", "Kinetics", "Macaca mulatta", "Magnesium", "Muscles", "Organ Specificity", "Rabbits", "Species Specificity" ], "QualifierName": [ "pharmacology", "pharmacology", "", "", "isolation & purification", "drug effects", "", "", "pharmacology", "", "", "pharmacology", "enzymology", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "77", "0005-2744(75)90210-7", "10.1016/0005-2744(75)90210-7" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 20, 20, 20 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 78, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "A technique has been developed to separate and measure kallikrein in a heterogeneous population of rat renal cortical cells in suspension. After rat kidneys were perfused in situ in anaesthetized rats, viable, counted cortical cell suspensions were obtained. Cells were suspended in a sucrose/Tris buffer containing 0.5% deoxycholate, homogenized, centrifuged, dialyzed, and gel filtered on Sephadex G-25. Column chromatography on DEAE-cellulose resulted in a single peak of esterase activity between 0.20 to 0.25 M NaCl/sodium phosphate buffer. Subsequent elution yielded an alkaline esterase which was identical to kallikrein isolated from rat urine, insofar as pH optimum, effects of inhibitors, bioassay activity and immunological properties were concerned. Calculated yields were about 70% of the total esterase activity present in the parent cell homogenates. Recoveries of a purified rat urinary kallikrein added to the cell homogenates, the DEAE-cellulose columns, or the eluates from the columns ranged from 83-108% (mean 96%). Using this technique, it was found that the amount of kallikrein activity present in non-incubated renal cortical cells ranged from 0.6-10(-2) to 4.6 - 10(-2) alpha-N-tosyl-L-arginine methyl ester (Tos-Arg-OMe) esterase units per 10(8) cells. However, cells incubated in a nutrient medium at 37 degrees C for 3-8 h contained no measurable kallikrein activity, whereas the surrounding medium had kallikrein activity which could be significantly increased by aldosterone and decreased by spironolactone." }, "ArticleTitle": "Studies on rat renal cortical cell kallikrein. I. Separation and measurement.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Kaizu", "Margolius" ], "ForeName": [ "T", "H S" ], "Initials": [ "T", "HS" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "27O7W4T232", "4964P6T9RB", "EC 3.4.21.-" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Spironolactone", "Aldosterone", "Kallikreins" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Aldosterone", "Animals", "Biological Assay", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Immunodiffusion", "Kallikreins", "Kidney", "Kidney Cortex", "Kinetics", "Male", "Organ Specificity", "Rats", "Spironolactone" ], "QualifierName": [ "pharmacology", "", "", "", "", "immunology", "enzymology", "enzymology", "", "", "", "", "pharmacology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "78", "0304-4165(75)90310-4", "10.1016/0304-4165(75)90310-4" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 5, 5, 5 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 79, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 20 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The electrochemical behaviour of ferricytochrome c, metmyoglobin and methemoglobin was studied using d.c., a.c. and differential pulse polarography, and controlled potential electrolysis. 1. The three hemoproteins yield d.c. polarographic steps, and peaks in differential pulse polarograms, the height of which is proportional to concentration. The charge transfer is influenced by strong adsorption. 2. The concentration dependence of the a.c. polarograms indicates structural changes in the adsorbed molecules. 3. The reduction products of controlled potential electrolysis of metmyoglobin and methemoglobin have absorption spectra identical with the native control samples. The affinity for oxygen and the cooperativity in hemoglobin are not affected by the reaction at the electrode. 4. The charge transfer proceeds via adsorbed, already reduced, molecules to freely diffusible proteins." }, "ArticleTitle": "Studies on electron transfer between mercury electrode and hemoprotein.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Scheller", "Jänchen", "Lampe", "Prümke", "Blanck", "Palecek" ], "ForeName": [ "F", "M", "J", "H J", "J", "E" ], "Initials": [ "F", "M", "J", "HJ", "J", "E" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "9008-37-1", "FXS1BY2PGL", "S88TT14065" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Cytochrome c Group", "Myoglobin", "Methemoglobin", "Mercury", "Oxygen" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Binding Sites", "Cytochrome c Group", "Electrodes", "Electron Transport", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Mercury", "Methemoglobin", "Myoglobin", "Oxygen", "Polarography", "Potentiometry", "Protein Binding", "Spectrophotometry" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "blood", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "79", "0005-2795(75)90348-7", "10.1016/0005-2795(75)90348-7" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 18, 18, 18 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 80, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 20 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Theory is presented relating to the binding of an effector to two states of a protein acceptor coexisting in equilibrium. The problem is treated in terms of the four possible cases which specify relations between numbers of binding sites and intrinsic binding constants relevant to the acceptor states. It is shown that a distinction between these cases may be possible on the basis of the form of a plot of unbound effector concentration versus the constituent equilibrium coefficient which may be calculated from the sedimentation coefficient of the protein constituent. Particularly noteworthy in this respect is the finding that a turning point may exist in this plot for defined conditions with systems in which binding sites are not conserved (and binding affinities are altered) on polymer formation. The latter type of system is exemplified by studies on methaemoglobin A in 0.25 M sodium acetate, pH 5.4. In the absence of added organic phosphate effectors, a dimer-tetramer equilibrium operates governed by an association constant of 4.15 +/- 0.06 X 10(3) 1/mol, determined from sedimentation equilibrium results. Correlation of sedimentation velocity and equilibrium results shows that addition of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) results in its binding to one site on each of the dimeric (alpha beta) and tetrameric (alpha beta)2 species with intrinsic binding constants 1.03-10(3)-1.20-10(3) and 1.1-10(4)-2.1-10(4) 1/mol, respectively. It is also shown that 2,3-diphosphoglycerate perturbs the dimer-tetramer equilibrium in a similar way to ATP." }, "ArticleTitle": "The binding of organic phosphates to human methaemoglobin A. Perturbation of the polymerization of proteins by effectors.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Baghurst", "Nichol" ], "ForeName": [ "P A", "L W" ], "Initials": [ "PA", "LW" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "8L70Q75FXE", "9008-37-1" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Diphosphoglyceric Acids", "Macromolecular Substances", "Adenosine Triphosphate", "Methemoglobin" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adenosine Triphosphate", "Binding Sites", "Diphosphoglyceric Acids", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Macromolecular Substances", "Mathematics", "Methemoglobin", "Protein Binding", "Protein Conformation" ], "QualifierName": [ "blood", "", "blood", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "80", "0005-2795(75)90349-9", "10.1016/0005-2795(75)90349-9" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 18, 18, 18 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 81, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 20 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Human hemoglobin was spin labeled with 4-isothiocanato-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperdinooxyl, which is known to bind specifically to the N-terminal alpha-amino groups of proteins and slightly to the reactive sulfhydryl groups. Electron spin resonance (ESR) analysis indicated a partially resolved five-line spectrum, suggesting that the label was attached to at least two different binding sites. Using specific blocking reagents prior to spin labeling, the two binding sites were attributed to the sulfhydryl group of beta-93 (immobile) and the alpha-amino group of the N-terminal valines (mobile). The relative motion of the spin at one set of binding sites was restricted regardless of the state of ligation and pH, while the motion at the other site showed dependence on those parameters, e.g. the spin-labeled N-terminal ends of deoxyhemoglobin have restricted motion at all pH ranges studied, while those of oxyhemoglobin are relatively free to move at the basic pH range, but become more restricted in the acidic pH range." }, "ArticleTitle": "N-terminal spin label studies of hemoglobin, Ligand and pH dependence.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Giangrande", "Kim", "Mizukami" ], "ForeName": [ "M", "Y W", "H" ], "Initials": [ "M", "YW", "H" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "0" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Hemoglobins", "Ligands", "Oxyhemoglobins", "Spin Labels" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy", "Hemoglobins", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Ligands", "Male", "Oxyhemoglobins", "Protein Conformation", "Spectrophotometry", "Spin Labels" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "81", "0005-2795(75)90351-7", "10.1016/0005-2795(75)90351-7" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 18, 18, 18 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 82, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 20 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "1. Holo-superoxide dismutase from bovine erythrocytes has been shown to undergo a reversible structural modification in the pH 3-5 range. 2. The spectral alterations observed on changing from neutrality to pH 2 were: a slight attenuation of the 680 nm absorbance; the loss of the 450 nm shoulder, apparent in the optical spectrum of the native protein; and a new band appeared at 330 nm. The circular dichroism at 600 nm was essentially lost while a weak negative band appeared at approx. 380 nm and a positive band at 310 nm. 3. The EPR spectrum was also modified on changing from the native to the low pH form: A parallel increased from approximately 130 to approximately 150 G, g parallel remained unchanged at approximately 2.27, and gm decreased from approximately 2.09 to approximately 2.08. The apparent linewidth remained essentially constant. 4. High resolution (220 MHz) PMR spectra of holo- and apoproteins revealed that the metals influence the three-dimensional structure of the protein. 5. PMR studies indicated that at pH 3 the apoprotein existed almost entirely in a random coil form and that it assumed a compact well-ordered structure on returning to neutral pH. The holoprotein maintained a compact, apparently dimeric, structure even at pH 3." }, "ArticleTitle": "The behavior of holo- and apo-forms of bovine superoxide dismutase at low pH.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Fee", "Phillips" ], "ForeName": [ "J A", "W D" ], "Initials": [ "JA", "WD" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "EC 1.15.1.1" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Apoenzymes", "Apoproteins", "Superoxide Dismutase" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Apoenzymes", "Apoproteins", "Binding Sites", "Cattle", "Circular Dichroism", "Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy", "Erythrocytes", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy", "Protein Binding", "Protein Conformation", "Spectrophotometry", "Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet", "Superoxide Dismutase" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "blood", "", "", "", "", "", "enzymology", "", "", "", "", "", "", "blood" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "82", "0005-2795(75)90336-0", "10.1016/0005-2795(75)90336-0" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 18, 18, 18 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 83, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Hb Köln (beta 98 Val leads to Met) was found to precipitate rapidly during mechanical shaking. The rate of precipitation of Hb Köln is 5-6 times faster than that of Hb S. The kinetics of precipitation of the patient's hemolysate, which is a mixture of Hb Köln and Hb A, showed a biphasic curve indicating that Hb Köln precipitates independently from Hb A. The instability of Hb Köln may be attributed to the conformational change in the vicinity of heme. The mechanical shaking may be used as a new method for detection and quantitation of hemoglobin Köln and other unstable hemoglobins." }, "ArticleTitle": "Mechanical precipitation of hemoglobin köln.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Asakura", "Adachi", "Shapiro", "Friedman", "Schwartz" ], "ForeName": [ "T", "K", "M", "S", "E" ], "Initials": [ "T", "K", "M", "S", "E" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "AE28F7PNPL", "HG18B9YRS7" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Hemoglobin, Sickle", "Hemoglobins, Abnormal", "Methionine", "Valine" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Chemical Precipitation", "Germany, West", "Hemoglobin, Sickle", "Hemoglobins, Abnormal", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Methionine", "Osmolar Concentration", "Temperature", "Valine" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "isolation & purification", "isolation & purification", "", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "83", "0005-2795(75)90034-3", "10.1016/0005-2795(75)90034-3" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 15, 15, 15 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 84, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The erythrocruorin of the leech Haemopis grandis possessed an S20,w of 57 S at neutral pH, its isoelectric point at pH 6.0 and exhibited a slightly sigmoid oxygenation curve with n approximately 2.1 and P50 = 11.2 mm at pH 7.4. A minimum molecular weight of 24000 +/- 1500 per heme group was determined from the iron and heme contents, 0.22 +/- 0.01 and 2.73 +/- 0.14 weight %, respectively. The subunit composition of the erythrocruorin was investigated using gel filtration in sodium dodecyl sulfate and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulfate at neutral pH. Haemopis erythrocruorin dissociated in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate into four subunits (1 through 4) possessing molecular weights of about 27000, 23000, 21000 and 13500, respectively. When the erythrocruorin was reduced with mercaptoethanol prior to sodium dodecyl sulfate electrophoresis, three subunits were observed, possessing molecular weights of about 13000 (I), 16500 (II) and 28000 (III). Sodium dodecyl sulfate electrophoresis of the isolated subunits 1 through 4 showed that subunit I was provided by subunits 1 and 4, subunit II was provided by subunit 1 and subunit III was provided by both subunit 2 and subunit 3. Haemopis erythrocruorin thus appeared to consist of at least five different polypeptide chains. It is likely that not all of the constituent polypeptide chains were associated each with a heme group. The shape of the Haemopis erythrocruorin observed by electron microscopy appeared to be consistent with the two-tiered hexagonal array characteristic of annelid erythrocruorins and chlorocruorins." }, "ArticleTitle": "Physical properties and subunits of Haemopis grandis erythrocruorin.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Andonian", "Barrett", "Vinogradov" ], "ForeName": [ "M R", "A S", "S N" ], "Initials": [ "MR", "AS", "SN" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "368GB5141J", "42VZT0U6YR", "60-24-2", "E1UOL152H7", "S88TT14065" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Hemeproteins", "Macromolecular Substances", "Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate", "Heme", "Mercaptoethanol", "Iron", "Oxygen" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Heme", "Hemeproteins", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Iron", "Leeches", "Macromolecular Substances", "Mercaptoethanol", "Molecular Weight", "Oxygen", "Protein Conformation", "Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate" ], "QualifierName": [ "analysis", "analysis", "", "analysis", "analysis", "", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "84", "0005-2795(75)90035-5", "10.1016/0005-2795(75)90035-5" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 15, 15, 15 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 85, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The contractile proteins from arterial smooth muscle are highly soluble, and can be extracted at I = 0.05. However, they can be precipitated by a prolonged dialysis at pH 6 to give an actomyosin with a high, although variable, actin:myosin ratio. The sedimentation behavior of this actomyosin at high ionic strength was examined as a function of pH, protein concentration and composition by preparative ultracentrifugation. Comparisons with synthetic skeletal muscle actomyosins of similar composition demonstrated significant differences in the behaviors of these two systems. It was found that much smooth muscle actomyosin is not dissociated by normally relaxing conditions, and that it sediments at a slower rate than F-actin. The solubility of the supernatant protein (a myosin-enriched actomyosin) in 0.2 M K Cl (pH 7) depended on the pH during centrifugation. A lower solubility was associated only with a higher actin concentration in the supernatant, suggesting a dependence on actin repolymerization. Pure myosin was selectively precipitated from the supernatant by polyethylene glycol-6000, but only when the protein was soluble at low ionic strength. The solubility of purified myosin was similar to that of myosin from striated muscles. A relationship between the presence of depolymerized actin and the high solubility of smooth muscle contractile proteins is suggested." }, "ArticleTitle": "Myosin from arterial smooth muscle: isolation following actin depolymerization.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Megerman", "Murphy" ], "ForeName": [ "J", "R A" ], "Initials": [ "J", "RA" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Comparative Study", "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "3WJQ0SDW1A", "660YQ98I10", "8L70Q75FXE", "9013-26-7", "EC 3.6.1.-", "EC 3.6.4.1" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Actins", "Polyethylene Glycols", "Potassium Chloride", "Adenosine Triphosphate", "Actomyosin", "Adenosine Triphosphatases", "Myosins" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Actins", "Actomyosin", "Adenosine Triphosphatases", "Adenosine Triphosphate", "Animals", "Carotid Arteries", "Cats", "Chemical Precipitation", "Dialysis", "Dogs", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Molecular Weight", "Muscle, Smooth", "Myosins", "Osmolar Concentration", "Polyethylene Glycols", "Potassium Chloride", "Solubility", "Swine" ], "QualifierName": [ "isolation & purification", "isolation & purification", "analysis", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "analysis", "isolation & purification", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "85", "0005-2795(75)90038-0", "10.1016/0005-2795(75)90038-0" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 15, 15, 15 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 86, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The activities of hybrid dimers of alkaline phosphatase containing two chemically modified subunits have been investigated. One hybrid species was prepared by dissociation and reconstitution of a mixture of two variants produced by chemical modification of the native enzyme with succinic anhydride and tetranitromethane, respectively. The succinyl-nitrotyrosyl hybrid was separated from the other members of the hybrid set by DEAE-Sephadex chromatography and then converted to a succinyl-aminotyrosyl hybrid by reduction of the modified tyrosine residues with sodium dithionite. A comparison of the activities of these two hybrids with the activities of the succinyl, nitrotyrosyl and aminotyrosyl derivatives has shown that either the subunits of alkaline phosphatase function independently or if the subunits turnover alternately in a reciprocating mechanism, then the intrinsic activity of each subunit must be strongly dependent on its partner subunit." }, "ArticleTitle": "Hybrids of chemical derivatives of Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Meighen", "Yue" ], "ForeName": [ "E", "R" ], "Initials": [ "E", "R" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "14844-07-6", "EC 3.1.3.1", "K1G7CKU98F" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Anhydrides", "Macromolecular Substances", "Succinates", "Dithionite", "Alkaline Phosphatase", "Tetranitromethane" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Alkaline Phosphatase", "Anhydrides", "Dithionite", "Escherichia coli", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Macromolecular Substances", "Protein Conformation", "Structure-Activity Relationship", "Succinates", "Tetranitromethane" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "enzymology", "", "", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "86", "0005-2795(75)90040-9", "10.1016/0005-2795(75)90040-9" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 15, 15, 15 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 87, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Hb-Manitoba was discovered in 1970 [1] in a Canadian family of British origin. Recently we observed the same variant in a second family, and found that the oxy-derivative of Hb-Manitoba is slightly unstable at 65 degrees C, dissociates less readily at alkaline pH than does Hb-A, and forms asymmetric hybrids with other hemoglobins which are readily detectable by electrophoresis." }, "ArticleTitle": "Some physicochemical properties of hemoglobin-manitoba (alpha2 102Ser replaced by Arg (G9) beta2).", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Wrightstone", "Smith", "Wilson", "Vella", "Huisman" ], "ForeName": [ "R N", "L L", "J B", "F", "T H" ], "Initials": [ "RN", "LL", "JB", "F", "TH" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "452VLY9402", "94ZLA3W45F" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Hemoglobins, Abnormal", "Oxyhemoglobins", "Serine", "Arginine" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adult", "Arginine", "Electrophoresis, Starch Gel", "Female", "Genetic Variation", "Hemoglobins, Abnormal", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Male", "Manitoba", "Oxyhemoglobins", "Serine", "Temperature" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "analysis", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "87", "0005-2795(75)90042-2", "10.1016/0005-2795(75)90042-2" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 15, 15, 15 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 88, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The oxygen affinity was investigated of purified Hb Tak, a human haemoglobin variant with elongated beta-chains. A very low P50 value was found which was not influenced by the addition of 2,3 diphosphoglycerate. The n value was 1, indicating non-cooperativity. The oxygen equilibrium curve of the whole blood haemolysate containing Hbs A and Tak was close to that of Hb A at the top of the curve, while the bottom of the curve greatly deviated from the latter, indicative of small if any interaction between Hb A and Tak during oxygenation." }, "ArticleTitle": "The oxygen affinity of haemoglobin Tak, a variant with an elongated beta chain.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Imai", "Lehmann" ], "ForeName": [ "K", "H" ], "Initials": [ "K", "H" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "7IGF0S7R8I", "S88TT14065" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Diphosphoglyceric Acids", "Hemoglobins, Abnormal", "Peptide Fragments", "Phytic Acid", "Oxygen" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Diphosphoglyceric Acids", "Genetic Variation", "Hemoglobins, Abnormal", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Oxygen", "Peptide Fragments", "Phytic Acid", "Protein Binding" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "analysis", "", "", "", "analysis", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "88", "0005-2795(75)90043-4", "10.1016/0005-2795(75)90043-4" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 15, 15, 15 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 89, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 20 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "1. Fragments of isolated rat liver plasma membrane possess a ribonuclease activity which at pH 7.8 in the presence of 10 mM EDTA can digest polyuridylic acid (poly(U)) and polycytidylic acid (poly(C)) but not polyadenylic acid (poly(A)) and polyguanylic acid (poly(G)). Under these conditions, the membrane preparation does not degrade native or denatured DNA. 2. The products of the reaction with poly(U) (10 mM EDTA present) can be separated on DEAE-Sephadex into oligonucleotides of increasing chain length. Most of the products are di- to hexa-nucleotides which contain terminal 3'-phosphate groups. 3. When EDTA is not present (pH 7.8 or 8.8) the plasma membrane preparation degrades both poly(A) and poly(U). With poly(A) the product is all nucleoside while with poly(U) as substrate most of the product is nucleoside, but also some oligonucleotides are produced. 4. The ribonuclease releases acid soluble products very slowly from high concentrations of poly(U) (mg/ml). 5. Uridine trinucleotide with and without a terminal 3'-phosphate group is degraded by rat liver plasma membrane. The trinucleotide diphosphate is rapidly hydrolyzed to nucleoside while the trinucleotide itself is slowly digested and yields intermediate products, including nucleoside." }, "ArticleTitle": "Effects of membrane ribonuclease and 3'-nucleotidase on the digestion of polyuridylic acid by rat liver plasma membrane.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Aronson", "Yannarell" ], "ForeName": [ "N N", "A" ], "Initials": [ "NN", "A" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "24937-83-5", "25191-14-4", "27416-86-0", "30811-80-4", "9007-49-2", "9G34HU7RV0", "EC 3.1.-", "EC 3.1.3.-" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Oligoribonucleotides", "Phosphates", "Poly A", "Poly G", "Poly U", "Poly C", "DNA", "Edetic Acid", "Ribonucleases", "Nucleotidases" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Cell Membrane", "DNA", "Edetic Acid", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Nucleotidases", "Oligoribonucleotides", "Phosphates", "Poly A", "Poly C", "Poly G", "Poly U", "Rats", "Ribonucleases", "Structure-Activity Relationship" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "enzymology", "metabolism", "pharmacology", "", "metabolism", "analysis", "", "metabolism", "metabolism", "metabolism", "metabolism", "", "metabolism", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "89", "0005-2736(75)90064-4", "10.1016/0005-2736(75)90064-4" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 2001, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 3, 11 ], "Day": [ 17, 28, 17 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 90, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 20 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The (Na+ +K+)-activated, Mg2+-dependent ATPase from rabbit kidney outer medulla was prepared in a partially inactivated, soluble form depleted of endogenous phospholipids, using deoxycholate. This preparation was reactivated 10 to 50-fold by sonicated liposomes of phosphatidylserine, but not by non-sonicated phosphatidylserine liposomes or sonicated phosphatidylcholine liposomes. The reconstituted enzyme resembled native membrane preparations of (Na+ +K+)-ATPase in its pH optimum being around 7.0, showing optimal activity at Mg2+:ATP mol ratios of approximately 1 and a Km value for ATP of 0.4 mM. Arrhenius plots of this reactivated activity at a constant pH of 7.0 and an Mg2+: ATP mol ratio of 1:1 showed a discontinuity (sharp change of slope) at 17 degrees C, with activation energy (Ea) values of 13-15 kcal/mol above this temperature and 30-35 kcal below it. A further discontinuity was also found at 8.0 degrees C and the Ea below this was very high (greater than 100 kcal/mol). Increased Mg2+ concentrations at Mg2+:ATP ratios in excess of 1:1 inhibited the (Na+ +K+)-ATPase activity and also abolished the discontinuities in the Arrhenius plots. The addition of cholesterol to phosphatidylserine at a 1:1 mol ratio partially inhibited (Na+ +K+)-ATPase reactivation. Arrhenius plots under these conditions showed a single discontinuity at 20 degrees C and Ea values of 22 and 68 kcal/mol above and below this temperature respectively. The ouabain-insensitive Mg2+-ATPase normally showed a linear Arrhenius plot with an Ea of 8 kcal/mol. The cholesterol-phosphatidylserine mixed liposomes stimulated the Mg2+-ATPase activity, which now also showed a discontinuity at 20 degrees C with, however, an increased value of 14 kcal/mol above this temperature and 6 kcal/mol below. Kinetic studies showed that cholesterol had no significant effect on the Km values for ATP. Since both cholesterol and Mg2+ are known to alter the effects of temperature on the fluidity of phospholipids, the above results are discussed in this context." }, "ArticleTitle": "Alterations in phospholipid-dependent (Na+ +K+)-ATPase activity due to lipid fluidity. Effects of cholesterol and Mg2+.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Kimelberg" ], "ForeName": [ "H K" ], "Initials": [ "HK" ], "CollectiveName": [ "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "8L70Q75FXE", "97C5T2UQ7J", "9NEZ333N27", "EC 3.6.1.-", "I38ZP9992A", "RWP5GA015D" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Liposomes", "Phosphatidylethanolamines", "Phosphatidylserines", "Adenosine Triphosphate", "Cholesterol", "Sodium", "Adenosine Triphosphatases", "Magnesium", "Potassium" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adenosine Triphosphatases", "Adenosine Triphosphate", "Animals", "Cholesterol", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kidney Medulla", "Kinetics", "Liposomes", "Magnesium", "Microsomes", "Phosphatidylethanolamines", "Phosphatidylserines", "Potassium", "Rabbits", "Sodium", "Sonication", "Temperature", "Thermodynamics" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology", "", "enzymology", "", "metabolism", "pharmacology", "enzymology", "pharmacology", "pharmacology", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "90", "0005-2736(75)90065-6", "10.1016/0005-2736(75)90065-6" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 11, 11, 11 ], "Day": [ 17, 17, 17 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 91, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 26 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "A preparation of ATPase from the membranes of Micrococcus lysodeikticus, solubilized and more than 95% pure, showed two main bands in analytical polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. They did not correspond to isoenzymes because one band could be converted into the other by exposure to a mildly alkaline pH value. The conversion was paralleled by changes in molecular weight, circular dichroism and catalytic properties. Denaturation by pH at 25 degrees C was followed by means of circular dichroism, ultracentrifugation and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. A large conformational transition took place in the acid range with midpoints at about pH = 3.6 (I = 10(-4) M), 4.3 (I = 0.03 M) and 5.3 (I = 0.1 M). The transition was irreversible. Strong aggregation of the protein occurred in this range of pH. The final product was largely random coil, but even at pH 1.5 dissociation into individual subunits was not complete. However, partial dissociation took place at pH 5 (I = 0.028 M). At this pH value the enzyme was inactive, but 20-30% of the activity could be recovered when the pH was returned to 7.5. In the alkaline region the midpoint of the transition occurred near pH = 11 (I = 0.028 M). The pK of most of the tyrosine residues of the protein was about 10.9. The unfolding was irreversible and the protein was soon converted into peptide species with molecular weights lower than those determined for the subunits by gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulphate. Conventional proteolysis did not account for the transformation." }, "ArticleTitle": "Conformational and molecular responses to pH variation of the purified membrane adenosine triphosphatase of Micrococcus lysodeikticus.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Nieto", "Muñoz", "Carreira", "Andreu" ], "ForeName": [ "M", "E", "J", "J M" ], "Initials": [ "M", "E", "J", "JM" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "42HK56048U", "8DUH1N11BX", "EC 3.6.1.-" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Tyrosine", "Tryptophan", "Adenosine Triphosphatases" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adenosine Triphosphatases", "Cell Membrane", "Circular Dichroism", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Micrococcus", "Microscopy, Electron", "Molecular Weight", "Osmolar Concentration", "Protein Conformation", "Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet", "Tryptophan", "Tyrosine" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "enzymology", "", "", "", "enzymology", "", "", "", "", "", "analysis", "analysis" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "91", "0005-2736(75)90123-6", "10.1016/0005-2736(75)90123-6" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 16, 16, 16 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 92, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 26 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 6, "Day": 9 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Protease activity was detected in membranes of human bovine erythrocytes prepared by the conventional procedures which include washing and removal of the \"buffy layer\". The enzyme was extracted by 0.75 M KCNS or (NH4)2SO4 and was activated by 0.4 to 0.5 M of the same salts. Colored, particulate hide powder-azure, membrane fractions and soluble proteins such as hemoglobin, casein or albumin were susceptible to hydrolysis by the membraneous protease. Partial purification of the enzyme was accomplished through disc-gel electrophoresis on polyacrylamide in the presence of 0.25% positively charged detergents like cetyltrimethylammonium bromide. An alkaline protease (pH 7.4) with properties similar to those of the erythrocyte enzyme was found in leucocytes. The similarity between the properties of the leucocytic and erythrocytic proteases and the correlation of the activity in erythrocyte membranes with content of white cells in these preparations, suggest that enzymatic activities in the contaminating leucocytes are responsible for the activity of membraneous proteases in erythrocytes." }, "ArticleTitle": "Membrane-bound enzymes. III. Protease activity in leucocytes in relation to erythrocyte membranes.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Heller", "Edelstein", "Mayer" ], "ForeName": [ "M", "P", "M" ], "Initials": [ "M", "P", "M" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "3WJQ0SDW1A", "EC 3.4.-" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Thiocyanates", "Polyethylene Glycols", "Peptide Hydrolases" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Cattle", "Cell Membrane", "Erythrocytes", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Leukocytes", "Peptide Hydrolases", "Polyethylene Glycols", "Thiocyanates" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "enzymology", "enzymology", "", "", "", "enzymology", "blood", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "92", "0005-2736(75)90130-3", "10.1016/0005-2736(75)90130-3" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 12, 12, 12 ], "Day": [ 16, 16, 16 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 93, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2013, "Month": 11, "Day": 21 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "In connection with the modelling of biomembranes regularities of the formation and development of interphase adsorption layers of lysozyme at liquid borders under different conditions and depending on the nature of carbohydrate phase were investigated by the determination of mechanical characteristics of such layers. The investigations carried out showed that the most solid layers appeared under the conditions which assured the formation of the maximum number of intermolecular bonds (which in a common case is performed with maximum disorderlinesss of the macromolecules which get at the interphase)." }, "ArticleTitle": "[Structure formation in interphase adsorption layers of lysozyme at liquid boundaries].", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Alekseeva", "Lapina", "Tulovskaia", "Izmaĭlova" ], "ForeName": [ "I G", "G P", "Z D", "V N" ], "Initials": [ "IG", "GP", "ZD", "VN" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "rus", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "English Abstract", "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Russia (Federation)" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "059QF0KO0R", "EC 3.2.1.17", "J64922108F" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Alkanes", "Membranes, Artificial", "Water", "Muramidase", "Benzene" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Adsorption", "Alkanes", "Benzene", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Membranes, Artificial", "Muramidase", "Temperature", "Water" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "93" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 7, 7, 7 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 94, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2016, "Month": 12, "Day": 3 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The fluorescence probe(4-dimethylaminochalcone; DMH) was noncovalently linked to human serum albumin (HSA). The variation of pH was due to serum albumin structural changes, which was determined in terms of DMH and HSA fluorescence and CD spectra. Considerable changes of fluorescence and CD spectra were observed at pH 8 and 10, where there is ionization of two more recently titrated tyrosin residues. It is assumed that these two tyrosine residues are in binding region and quench the fluorescence of DMH between pH 4 to 8. Quenching disappears if these residues are ionized (pH greater than 8) or if the protein undergoes the N -F transition (pH less than 4)." }, "ArticleTitle": "[Relation between fluorescence and circular dichroism of the complex of the fluorescence probe 4-dimethylaminochalcone with serum albumin].", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Dobretsov", "Kharitonenkov", "Mishiev", "Vladimirov" ], "ForeName": [ "G E", "I G", "V E", "Iu A" ], "Initials": [ "GE", "IG", "VE", "IuA" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "rus", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "English Abstract", "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Russia (Federation)" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "5S5A2Q39HX" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Propiophenones", "Serum Albumin", "Chalcone" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Chalcone", "Circular Dichroism", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Propiophenones", "Serum Albumin", "Spectrometry, Fluorescence" ], "QualifierName": [ "analogs & derivatives", "", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "94" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 7, 7, 7 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 96, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 9 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 8, "Day": 27 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "The helix to coil transition of poly(L-glutamic acid) was investigated in 0.05 and 0.005 M aqueous potassium chloride solutions by use of potentiometric titration and circular dichroism measurement. Polymer concentration dependence of the transition was observed in the range from 0.006 to 0.04 monomol/e in 0.005 M KG1 solution. The polymer concentration dependence can be interpreted by current theories of the transition of charged polypeptides and of titration curves of linear weak polyelectrolytes taking the effect of polymer concentration into consideration." }, "ArticleTitle": "Polymer concentration dependence of the helix to random coil transition of a charged polypeptide in aqueous salt solution.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Nitta", "Yoneyama" ], "ForeName": [ "K", "M" ], "Initials": [ "K", "M" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Netherlands" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "0", "0", "0", "660YQ98I10" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Glutamates", "Peptides", "Solutions", "Potassium Chloride" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Glutamates", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Mathematics", "Osmolar Concentration", "Peptides", "Potassium Chloride", "Potentiometry", "Protein Conformation", "Solutions", "Thermodynamics" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "96", "0301-4622(75)80025-1", "10.1016/0301-4622(75)80025-1" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 10, 10, 10 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 95, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "Results are presented of measuring fibrinogen fluorescence parameters in temperature range of 20-80 degrees C at different pH of the solution. It was found that the temperature increase from 20 to 40 degrees C for solutions with pH of 4,5-9,3 were not accompanied by the conformational changes of fibrinogen macromolecules. In the temperature range of 40-50 degrees C for neutral solutions conformational reconstruction of fibrinogen of undenatured character took place. Temperature increase above 50-55 degrees C brings about significant structural changes of fibrinogen molecule which are of denaturation nature." }, "ArticleTitle": "[Luminescence study of the effect of temperature on the conformational state of fibrinogen].", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Konev", "Katibnikov", "Bandarin", "Niamaa", "Barkovskiĭ" ], "ForeName": [ "S V", "M A", "V A", "D", "E V" ], "Initials": [ "SV", "MA", "VA", "D", "EV" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "rus", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "English Abstract", "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "Russia (Federation)" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "9001-32-5" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Fibrinogen" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Fibrinogen", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Molecular Conformation", "Spectrometry, Fluorescence", "Temperature" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "", "", "" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "95" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 7, 7, 7 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 97, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2017, "Month": 3, "Day": 22 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Hydrogen peroxide and iron: a microbial cellulolytic system?", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Koenigs" ], "ForeName": [ "J W" ], "Initials": [ "JW" ], "CollectiveName": [ "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "9004-34-6", "BBX060AN9V", "E1UOL152H7", "EC 3.2.1.-", "EC 3.2.1.4" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Cellulose", "Hydrogen Peroxide", "Iron", "Glycoside Hydrolases", "Cellulase" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Cellulase", "Cellulose", "Glycoside Hydrolases", "Hydrogen Peroxide", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Iron", "Kinetics", "Mitosporic Fungi", "Structure-Activity Relationship", "Trichoderma" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "metabolism", "metabolism", "pharmacology", "", "pharmacology", "", "enzymology", "", "drug effects" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "97" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 1, 1, 1 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 98, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 2, "Day": 13 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 2, "Day": 6 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Microbial sources of cellulase.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Mandels" ], "ForeName": [ "M" ], "Initials": [ "M" ], "CollectiveName": [ "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "EC 3.2.1.-", "EC 3.2.1.4" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Glycoside Hydrolases", "Cellulase" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Cellulase", "Fusarium", "Glycoside Hydrolases", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Kinetics", "Mutation", "Paper", "Penicillium", "Species Specificity", "Trichoderma" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "enzymology", "metabolism", "", "", "", "", "enzymology", "", "enzymology" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "98" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 1, 1, 1 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 99, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2019, "Month": 2, "Day": 6 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Mannosidosis: clinical and biochemical findings.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Gehler", "Cantz", "O'Brien", "Tolksdorf", "Spranger" ], "ForeName": [ "J", "M", "J F", "M", "J" ], "Initials": [ "J", "M", "JF", "M", "J" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [ "MC_U190081996" ], "Agency": [ "Medical Research Council" ], "Country": [ "United Kingdom" ] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Case Reports", "Journal Article" ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "EC 3.2.1.-", "PHA4727WTP" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Mannosidases", "Mannose" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errors", "Child", "Fibroblasts", "Humans", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Leukocytes", "Male", "Mannose", "Mannosidases" ], "QualifierName": [ "metabolism", "", "enzymology", "", "", "enzymology", "", "metabolism", "deficiency" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "99" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 1, 1, 1 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
{ "PMID": 100, "DateCompleted": { "Year": 1976, "Month": 3, "Day": 1 }, "NumberOfReferences": 0, "DateRevised": { "Year": 2020, "Month": 2, "Day": 25 }, "Article": { "Abstract": { "AbstractText": "" }, "ArticleTitle": "Bovine mannosidosis--a model lysosomal storage disease.", "AuthorList": { "Author": { "LastName": [ "Jolly", "Thompson", "Winchester" ], "ForeName": [ "R D", "K G", "B G" ], "Initials": [ "RD", "KG", "BG" ], "CollectiveName": [ "", "", "" ] } }, "Language": "eng", "GrantList": { "Grant": { "GrantID": [], "Agency": [], "Country": [] } }, "PublicationTypeList": { "PublicationType": [ "Journal Article", "Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S." ] } }, "MedlineJournalInfo": { "Country": "United States" }, "ChemicalList": { "Chemical": { "RegistryNumber": [ "EC 3.2.1.-", "PHA4727WTP" ], "NameOfSubstance": [ "Mannosidases", "Mannose" ] } }, "CitationSubset": "IM", "MeshHeadingList": { "MeshHeading": { "DescriptorName": [ "Animals", "Blood", "Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errors", "Cattle", "Cattle Diseases", "Disease Models, Animal", "Heterozygote", "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", "Lymphocytes", "Lysosomes", "Mannose", "Mannosidases" ], "QualifierName": [ "", "", "blood", "", "blood", "", "", "", "enzymology", "enzymology", "metabolism", "blood" ] } } }
{ "ArticleIdList": { "ArticleId": [ [], [ "100" ] ] }, "PublicationStatus": "ppublish", "History": { "PubMedPubDate": { "Year": [ 1975, 1975, 1975 ], "Month": [ 1, 1, 1 ], "Day": [ 1, 1, 1 ] } }, "ReferenceList": { "Citation": [], "CitationId": [] } }
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

Dataset Card for PubMed

Dataset Summary

NLM produces a baseline set of MEDLINE/PubMed citation records in XML format for download on an annual basis. The annual baseline is released in December of each year. Each day, NLM produces update files that include new, revised and deleted citations. See our documentation page for more information.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

[More Information Needed]

Languages

  • English

Dataset Structure

Bear in mind the data comes from XML that have various tags that are hard to reflect in a concise JSON format. Tags and list are kind of non "natural" to XML documents leading this library to make some choices regarding data. "Journal" info was dropped altogether as it would have led to many fields being empty all the time.

The hierarchy is also a bit unnatural but the choice was made to keep as close as possible to the original data for future releases that may change schema from NLM's side.

Author has been kept and contains either "ForeName", "LastName", "Initials", or "CollectiveName". (All the fields will be present all the time, but only some will be filled)

Data Instances

{
    "MedlineCitation": {
        "PMID": 0,
        "DateCompleted": {"Year": 0, "Month": 0, "Day": 0},
        "NumberOfReferences": 0,
        "DateRevised": {"Year": 0, "Month": 0, "Day": 0},
        "Article": {
            "Abstract": {"AbstractText": "Some abstract (can be missing)" },
            "ArticleTitle": "Article title",
            "AuthorList": {"Author": [
                {"FirstName": "John", "ForeName": "Doe", "Initials": "JD", "CollectiveName": ""}
                {"CollectiveName": "The Manhattan Project", "FirstName": "", "ForeName": "", "Initials": ""}
            ]},
            "Language": "en",
            "GrantList": {
                "Grant": [],
            },
            "PublicationTypeList": {"PublicationType": []},
        },
        "MedlineJournalInfo": {"Country": "France"},
        "ChemicalList": {"Chemical": [{
            "RegistryNumber": "XX",
            "NameOfSubstance": "Methanol"
        }]},
        "CitationSubset": "AIM",
        "MeshHeadingList": {
            "MeshHeading": [],
        },
    },
    "PubmedData": {
        "ArticleIdList": {"ArticleId": "10.1002/bjs.1800650203"},
        "PublicationStatus": "ppublish",
        "History": {"PubMedPubDate": [{"Year": 0, "Month": 0, "Day": 0}]},
        "ReferenceList": [{"Citation": "Somejournal", "CitationId": 01}],
    },
}

Data Fields

Main Fields will probably interest people are:

  • "MedlineCitation" > "Article" > "AuthorList" > "Author"
  • "MedlineCitation" > "Article" > "Abstract" > "AbstractText"
  • "MedlineCitation" > "Article" > "Article Title"
  • "MedlineCitation" > "ChemicalList" > "Chemical"
  • "MedlineCitation" > "NumberOfReferences"

Data Splits

There are no splits in this dataset. It is given as is.

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

[More Information Needed]

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/databases/download/pubmed_medline_faq.html

Who are the source language producers?

[More Information Needed]

Annotations

Annotation process

[More Information Needed]

Who are the annotators?

[More Information Needed]

Personal and Sensitive Information

[More Information Needed]

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

[More Information Needed]

Discussion of Biases

[More Information Needed]

Other Known Limitations

[More Information Needed]

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

[More Information Needed]

Licensing Information

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/databases/download/terms_and_conditions.html

Citation Information

Courtesy of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Contributions

Thanks to @Narsil for adding this dataset.

Models trained or fine-tuned on pubmed