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Louisville baseball's season comes to an end on Vanderbilt rally in College World Series Vanderbilt rallied in the top of the ninth inning to end Louisville's historic postseason run. Louisville baseball's season comes to an end on Vanderbilt rally in College World Series Vanderbilt rallied in the top of the ninth inning to end Louisville's historic postseason run. Check out this story on courier-journal.com: https://www.courier-journal.com/story/sports/college/louisville/2019/06/21/college-world-series-2019-louisville-baseball-loses-vanderbilt/1525895001/ Cameron Teague Robinson, Louisville Courier Journal Published 10:34 p.m. ET June 21, 2019 | Updated 10:04 a.m. ET June 22, 2019 Louisville baseball's season comes to an end on Vanderbilt rally in Coll... Louisville catcher Henry Davis scores against Vanderbilt during the seventh inning of the College World Series game at TD Ameritrade Park Friday. George Walker IV / Tennessean.com Vanderbilt third baseman Austin Martin fails to make the catch allowing Louisville second baseman Justin Lavey to score during the seventh inning of the College World Series game at TD Ameritrade Park Friday. George Walker IV / Tennessean.com Vanderbilt catcher Ty Duvall reacts as Louisville second baseman Justin Lavey scores during the seventh inning of the College World Series game at TD Ameritrade Park Friday. George Walker IV / Tennessean.com Louisville pitcher Luke Smith throws against Vanderbilt during the second inning of the College World Series game at TD Ameritrade Park Friday. George Walker IV / Tennessean.com Louisville right fielder Drew Campbell catches a fly ball hit by Vanderbilt designated hitter Philip Clarke during the second inning of the College World Series game at TD Ameritrade Park Friday. George Walker IV / Tennessean.com Louisville third baseman Alex Binelas reacts to being hit by a Vanderbilt pitch during the first inning of the College World Series game at TD Ameritrade Park Friday. George Walker IV / Tennessean.com Omaha, Nebraska — One night after the Cardinals kept their season alive in dramatic fashion, it had its season ended in heart-breaking fashion. Louisville was two outs away from forcing a winner-take-all game in the College World Series semifinals. Holding a one-run lead in the ninth inning with Luke Smith, who completely shut down the Vanderbilt offense, on the mound the end was in sight. But it's not easy to keep the Commodores, who are second national in runs scored, quiet all game. Two RBI doubles later and Louisville found itself down one run into the bottom of the ninth inning. Despite a one-out double in the ninth, the Cardinals couldn't duplicate the magic from Thursday and lost to Vanderbilt 3-2. The loss ended a historic Louisville season. The Cardinals finished the season 51-18, won the ACC Atlantic Division and were the first team in program history to leave Omaha without a losing record. More: Luke Smith is getting his chance on stage as Louisville baseball's latest starter Can't get enough Cards? We've got you covered. Subscribe for unlimited access HERE for exclusive coverage! "When you can make a run like this, 50-plus win season, you win the ACC, you're the No. 1 seed in one of the best leagues in the country, it's a great feeling," U of L coach Dan McDonnell said. "I'm really proud of this group." When McDonnell gathered the team in left field, after the game, he had a message for them. All season they've had the goal of becoming the best team McDonnell has coached. He affirmed to them that the goal was achieved. Sitting at the press conference podium, holding back tears, Justin Lavey said that is what made him begin crying in the huddle. "Thanks for that,"
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he said looking at McDonnell. "But, yeah, I mean, that's something, from day one, that was our goal, to be the best team he's ever coached. To accomplish that is something super special, and it takes a special group." This year's team has been built on its pitching depth. It's one of the main reason why many thought they would have success in the College World Series. On Friday, Louisville started Luke Smith, it's No. 4 starter. He put together the best performance of his career. Smith pitched 8 1/3 innings, gave up two runs on four hits and struck out a career-high 10 batters. "I don't know if I should say this to the media, but the kid has nuts. That's all I can say. Luke Smith is a special kid and the way he pitches when his back is against the wall is incredible," Nick Bennett said. The biggest problem for the Cardinals throughout the tournament was finding consistent hitting and inopportune errors on the base paths. In Louisville's four games, the team's scoring margin was 12-12, despite holding Vanderbilt and Mississippi State – two of the nation's best offenses – to nine runs in three games. Spreading the love of the game: A day inside Chris Mack's Louisville basketball camp Offensively, the Cardinals struggled, again, Friday. Heading into the seventh inning, the Cardinals tallied just two hits on starter Mason Hickman. Hickman, who finished with LINE, was pulled in the seventh inning and Louisville took advantage. Danny Oriente doubled on the first pitch and Louisville's rally began. But poor baserunning halted the rally momentarily. Trey Leonard, who came in to pinch run for Oriente, was thrown out at home attempting to score on a Justin Lavey ground ball. Thought Louisville wasted a chance to tie the game, it responded. Henry Davis followed Lavey with a single. With runners on second and first, and two outs, Lavey attempted a steal to third. Ty Duvall's throw was off the mark and Lavey scored from third. One batter later, Lucas Dunn singled off of the pitcher's glove to bring Davis home and give the Cardinals the lead. Smith carried his strong performance into the ninth inning before walking JJ Bleday with one out. Ethan Paul double to right field on the next at-bat, tying the game and McDonnell pulled Smith for Michael McAvene. McDonnell doesn't regret leaving Smith on the mound, though. "You know, and that's the challenge in coaching, is you don't want to take your pitcher out too early and you don't want to take him out too late," McDonnell said. "But I think I can sleep tonight." McAvene allowed a double, which inched over third baseman Alex Binelas' glove, to guve Vanderbilt the lead. Still, Louisville had a chance late. With Campbell on second, Louisville had a chance for more late-game magic, but Lavey struck out and Davis popped out to second base. Though many might remember the 2019 College World Series as one where the offense struggled to show up, Tyler Fitzgerald doesn't think about that. "We gave it our all. When you do that you can't really regret anything," Fitzgerald said. 'Stuff happens in baseball, but when you play hard, there's no regret." Instead, the 2019 Louisville team will be known for its historic postseason run. One that makes them the best team in program history, at least in McDonnell's eyes. That's the only opinion that matters to the Cardinals. "It's a goal. It's not easy. You come to the University of Louisville to be the best team ever. But with that being said, they can't be the best team ever if it's not for the '07 team, if it's not for all the players that I've coached, and honestly probably those before them," McDonnell said. "I get a lot of pride from the alumni, and it's a program. You can't ⁠— it's hard to accomplish great things like that without being a great program, and that includes a lot of
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Home / Press Release / McKinsey & Company's new research shows the metaverse could grow up to $5 trillion in value by 2030 McKinsey & Company's new research shows the metaverse could grow up to $5 trillion in value by 2030 in Press Release June 15, 2022 256 Views | Short URL 'Value Creation in the Metaverse' report examines the massive, global impact of the metaverse across key sectors and businesses NEW YORK and LONDON and PARIS, June 15, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — McKinsey & Company released its new report "Value creation in the metaverse," which shows the metaverse may be too big to ignore. McKinsey's preliminary forecast shows the metaverse has the potential to grow up to $5 trillion in value by 2030. It shows e-commerce as the largest economic force ($2.6 trillion), ahead of sectors such as virtual learning ($270 billion), advertising ($206 billion), and gaming ($125 billion). As companies of all different shapes and sizes look to enter the metaverse, this extensive report provides a clear view of what the metaverse is and is not, what first movers are doing, what's fueling the investment, and the potential for consumer and B2B companies. The report builds on multiple proprietary insights and analysis, including a survey of more than 3,400 consumers and executives on adoption of the metaverse, its potential, and its likely impact on behavior. The researchers also interviewed metaverse builders and industry experts. "The metaverse represents a strategic inflection point for companies, and it presents a significant opportunity to influence the way we live, connect, learn, innovate, and collaborate," said Eric Hazan, senior partner, McKinsey & Company. "Our ambition is to help leaders of both consumer and B2B companies better understand its power and potential, identify strategic imperatives, and act as a force for its evolution." What's fueling the metaverse investment Already this year, companies, venture capital, and private equity firms have invested more than $120 billion in the metaverse—more than double the $57 billion invested in all of last year. Multiple factors are driving this investor enthusiasm: ongoing technological advances across the infrastructure required to power the metaverse demographic tailwinds increasingly consumer-led brand marketing and engagement increasing marketplace readiness as users explore today's version of the metaverse, which is largely driven by gaming while applications emerge in socializing, fitness, commerce, virtual learning, and other uses Already, more than three billion gamers worldwide have access to different versions of the metaverse. "While the idea of connecting virtually has been decades in the making, it is now increasingly real, meaning real people are using it and spending real money and companies are betting big," said Lareina Yee, senior partner, McKinsey & Company. "Yet this booming interest has made it difficult to separate hype from reality. It's worth remembering that while the bust of the first dot-com boom resulted in the disappearance of scores of companies, the internet itself went from strength to strength, giving rise to new entrants." Consumers are already engaging in the metaverse Consumers are already there. McKinsey's research shows consumers are excited about transitioning life into the metaverse, with almost six in ten (59%) consumers preferring at least one metaverse experience over its physical alternative. Among those consumers, certain types of activities stand out for being most preferred in the immersive world: shopping—purchasing physical or virtual goods (79%) attending virtual social events or playing social games (78%) exercising using virtual reality (76%) Senior leaders believe the metaverse will have a significant impact on their industry Business leaders see the metaverse's potential to drive impact and margin growth. Ninety-five percent of leaders say they expect the metaverse to have a positive impact on their industry within five to ten years, with 31 percent saying the metaverse will fundamentally change the way their industry operates. More significantly, a quarter of leaders expect the metaverse technology to drive more than 15 percent of their organization's total margin growth in
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Digital / ICT Healthcare and Biomedical Urban Solutions Infrastructure Hub Quality & Standards E-Alert for Standards For Conformity Assessment Bodies Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRAs) For Local companies Loans & Insurance SME Venture Loan SME Equipment and Factory Loan Bridging Loan for Marine and Offshore Engineering Companies Internationalisation Finance Scheme (IFS) Internationalisation Finance Scheme (IFS) - Non-Recourse Internationalisation Finance Scheme (IFS) - Marine and Offshore Engineering Loan Insurance Scheme (LIS) Political Risk Insurance Scheme (PRIS) Trade Credit Insurance Scheme (TCIS) Double Tax Deduction for Internationalisation Angel Investors Tax Deduction (AITD) Fund Management Incentive (FMI) Section 13H Tax Incentive (S13H) Startup SG Equity SEEDS Capital EDBI Non-Financial Assistance For Singapore Companies Support for Startups Talent Attraction and Development Network of Partners Export Guides New Market Entry Support For Foreign Companies Join Singapore's Startup Hub Living in Singapore Setting Up in Singapore Double Tax Avoidance Agreements Skills Development for Students Skills Development for Mid-Career Professionals Love, Bonito: Student blogshop becomes international retail business Homegrown online fashion retailer Love, Bonito brims with all the elements of a classic entrepreneurial tale: following your heart, fighting for your dream, slogging it out, and finally, achieving enviable success. Founders Viola Tan and Rachel Lim first dabbled in e-commerce, if you can even call it that, in 2006. "E-commerce was virtually non-existent," recalled Ms Lim, who is now 28. Neither of them was equipped with formal tech skills, and both were barely out of junior college and university when they decided to run an e-boutique as a formal business. Their entrepreneurial experience started one year before with the sale of pre-loved clothing from their own wardrobes for extra pocket money via a LiveJournal platform. They later imported pieces from Bangkok and Korea. The money was decent: A good month would ring in $1,000. Otherwise, it would be about $500. Once the young women decided to take their online apparel gig to the next level with a 'proper' e-commerce set-up in 2010, they hit the ground running. Response to Love, Bonito's first collection was phenomenal. The voluminous traffic exceeded expectations, crashing the website. Mind you, they had previously prepped the site for a few thousand visitors. A glimpse into Love, Bonito's special collaboration in 2015 with Tex Saverio, the fashion designer behind the opulent wedding dress worn by Katniss Everdeen (Jennifer Lawrence) in the Hunger Games. Photo: Love, Bonito. Fast forward to 2015. Things have changed somewhat. For one, Love, Bonito has grown to become a formidable women's fashion player in a thriving online environment, and is reportedly worth seven figures, according to industry sources. Also, no longer is Love, Bonito importing apparel from Seoul and Bangkok. Instead, approximately 70 new in-house designs are churned out each month, all comfortably wearable in the Singapore climate. Last year, Love, Bonito was compelled to expand into Malaysia, based on web analytics that showed up significant interest from the country's citizens. Through the expertise of IE Singapore, the pair was able to easily gain new market access. Mall landlords, venue owners and recruitment agencies - IE introduced relevant partners covering just about every area that the retail company needed help with. We know who you should meet to make your market ventures work. Despite the evolution of the business from a small-scale blog shop to a full-blown e-commerce success, one thing hasn't changed: Ms Tan and Ms Lim are constantly on their toes, rolling with the times and ever vigilant of trends and
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consumer needs. Ms Tan, the one who takes care of business development, finance and logistics, modestly attributes Love, Bonito's success to first-mover advantage and "being blessed", but a look at the company's progress over nine years uncovers several smart moves. Love, Bonito churns out approximately 70 new in-house designs every month, all comfortably wearable in the Singapore climate. Here, co-founder Rachel Lim (right) adds on the finishing touches at a catalogue shoot. We highlight five things Love, Bonito has done right: 1) Create a solid brand In 2010, Love, Bonito took designing in-house as by then, explained Ms Tan, "there were many others doing what we were doing", and differentiation was key. This has proved to be a winning strategy. Up to 5,000 packages are shipped out to various parts of the world every week. To keep Love, Bonito fresh in the minds of consumers, both owners are avid adopters of social media, believing it to play a huge part in their company's branding. Ms Lim is not one to mince her words: "This is the digital age - you have to get onto social media. The more you are in denial, the more you will lag behind." The design, creative and marketing head would know. Through deft social media outreach, Love, Bonito has more than 125,000 'Likes' on its Facebook page and over 73,000 Instagram followers. Bloggers and well-known local personalities like singer Daphne Khoo, actress and web show host Oon Shu An and Paralympics gold medallist Yip Pin Xiu, count as brand ambassadors and fans. Added Ms Tan: "Social media is an art. It doesn't matter how many followers you have, discretion, courtesy and a dose of common sense are important." 2) Take a leap of faith A milestone occurred in 2012 during FIDè Fashion Weeks. The pair attended a Julien Fournie show, and instantly fell in love with his work. Eager to work with him, Ms Tan and Ms Lim connected with the French haute couture designer through the event's chairman, Dr Frank Cintamani. "The worst that could happen was he'd reject us," said Ms Lim. But he didn't. And the Love, Bonito x Julien Fournie collection was launched in October 2013. The Love, Bonito x Julien Fournie capsule collection brought high fashion to the masses and earned nods from shoppers and the fashion industry alike. Love, Bonito successfully rides the digital revolution: "This is the digital age.. the more you are in denial, the more you will lag behind." Emboldened by the success, Love, Bonito followed suit in 2015 with yet another collaboration, this time with renowned couturier Tex Saverio. Even if the name doesn't strike a chord, his creations likely do: Saverio was the mastermind behind the gloriously opulent Wedding Dress worn by Katniss Everdeen (Jennifer Lawrence) in The Hunger Games. Lady Gaga had also picked his work to wear for her Fame fragrance campaign. With assistance from IE Singapore, Love, Bonito linked up with Indonesia's equivalent to the edgy Alexander McQueen. 3) Listen to data Close attention to data divulged two key points: Overseas orders were steadily increasing and the greatest number of sign-ups came from Malaysia (10 per cent after Singapore's 85 per cent). From there, Ms Tan and Ms Lim felt the time was right to go overseas. "It was only natural," said Ms Tan simply. The obvious foreign market to begin in was Malaysia. Instead of rushing in, the company observed trends and analysed information over one year before taking the plunge. 4) Get help Opening in Malaysia marked the start of Love, Bonito's venture into foreign markets. There was one stumbling block: The market was completely alien to the two Singapore entrepreneurs. IE stepped in to help Love, Bonito speed up the globalisation process. "IE helped us greatly by providing us contacts on the ground - public relations, marketing, manufacturing and branding
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CommonCrawl
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BATON ROUGE – The LSU Office of the Dean of Students is proud to present the Tiger Twelve Class of 2014 at a ceremony to be held Saturday, April 26, at 2 p.m. in the Rotunda of the LSU Business Education Complex. • De André Beadle, a native of Houston, majoring in sociology and minoring in political science. While at LSU, Beadle was selected to be a Ronald E. McNair Research Scholar and a participant-turned-facilitator and mentor in the Summer Scholars Program. He served as president of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity and co-founded the Student Government Black Caucus. Beadle was also a member of the Leadership LSU Class of 2014 and the Black Male Leadership Initiative Class of 2010. Beadle will pursue a Ph.D. in sociology/criminology beginning in fall 2014, and hopes to work in juvenile advocacy focusing on mentoring, instilling the value of community service and assimilating youth back to their communities. • Arielle Brown, a native of Norco, La., majoring in psychology and minoring in African & African-American Studies. In her time at LSU, Brown has served as a Ronald E. McNair Research Scholar and her research has provided a better understanding of internalized racism and self-esteem of African-American students at two universities. She has served as the president of the Impact Movement at LSU, which coordinated food distribution to families in New Orleans and Atlanta. Additionally, she volunteered as a Big Buddy program mentor and as a Baton Rouge Crisis Intervention Center phone counselor. Brown will pursue a Ph.D. in counseling psychology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in fall 2014. She will be studying racial factors, specifically color-blind racial ideology, in educational achievements and attitudes. • Alex Cagnola, a native of Lafayette, La., majoring in biological engineering and minoring in business administration. During his time as an LSU student, Cagnola was a researcher and peer mentor in the Howard Hughes Medical Institute Program. He has been an active member of the LSU Greek community, serving on the Greek Board of Directors managing a large Habitat for Humanity build during Greek Week, as a senior team member of the Greek Leadership Institute and as philanthropy chairman of his fraternity, Sigma Phi Epsilon. Cagnola also served as a senator in LSU Student Government. Cagnola will be working in San Antonio as a drilling Engineer for U.S. Enercorp LTD. He also plans to attend graduate school to attain master's degrees in petroleum engineering and business. • Shaely Cheramie, a native of Lockport, La., majoring in psychology. While at LSU, Cheramie was a strong advocate for students with hearing impairments. She founded the Deaf and Hard of Hearing Club at LSU, served on the Louisiana School for the Deaf Foundation Advisory Board, provided applied behavior analysis therapy for children with hearing and language impairments and was a mentor and volunteer for Deaf Focus Service LLC. Cheramie also served on the Students Against Destructive Decisions. National Student Leadership Council, and taught preschool at Parkview Baptist School. Beginning in fall 2014, Cheramie will pursue a Ph.D. in clinical psychology at Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C., with the long-term goal of becoming a clinical psychologist. • Catherine Fontenot, a native of Basile, La., majoring in biological sciences and minoring in leadership development and international studies. At LSU, Fontenot has worked as a clinic volunteer with Volunteer Health Corps, where she helped bring healthcare to those without access, while also serving as president of the Alpha Epsilon Delta honor society at LSU for pre-medical students, where she implemented a new service program. She also worked to advocate for gulf states and coastal issues by serving in the Louisiana Service and Leadership Program, as well as the Equity and Inclusion Campaign. After completing an internship in Washington, D.C., through the Harry S. Truman Foundation, Catherine hopes to attend medical school. She plans to work in under-resourced communities
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in Louisiana and around the world to increase access to healthcare and decrease rates of HIV/AIDS. • Nathan Irby, a native of Shreveport majoring in marketing and minoring in entrepreneurship. Irby is currently working with the Office of the Baton Rouge Mayor-President and local employers to place 100 at-risk youth in summer internships in their chosen field. He also served as a fellow of the Stephenson Entrepreneurship Institute at LSU, where he worked with a start-up solar company that leased solar panels to low-income families. Irby also served on the Greek Board of Directors at LSU, as the director of the Greek Leadership Institute, and in several positions planning the LSU Greek Life annual EMPOWER Greek leadership development program. Irby will be working in management consulting for the oil and gas industry working with Trenegy, a Houston based consulting firm. He will begin his role as an analyst in June. • Johnny Johnson, a native of Lafayette, majoring in architecture. During his time at LSU, Johnson served as LSU chapter president and Louisiana undergraduate representative to the ninth district council of Omega Psi Phi Fraternity. He also served as secretary and graphic designer for National PanHellenic Council and as a facilitator for the LSU Greek Life annual EMPOWER Greek leadership development program. Johnson was also lead choreographer for Legacy Dancers, a student dance group that performs for several LSU community events. Johnson plans to relocate to Houston, where he will start an internship and seek full-time employment with a healthcare architecture office. • Morgan Matchett, a native of Baton Rouge, majoring in mathematics and minoring in leadership development. Matchett served in several leadership positions, including president, for Volunteer LSU; as a team leader for the CHANGE Break: Peru alternative service break program; as a Youth Volunteer Corps Team Leader for Capital Area United Way; and in the Center for Student Missions in appointments in San Francisco Bay and Denver. Matchett was also a student researcher and member of the Advisory Board for the LA-STEM Research Scholars Program as well as a policy intern for the Southern Governor's Association. Matchett will be attending graduate school this fall at Florida State University, where she will study higher education & student affairs. She will work in their Center for Leadership & Social Change as the graduate assistant for community engagement. • Taylor Parks, a native of New Roads, majoring in psychology and communication studies. Parks served as the LSU Student Body Vice President during the 2013-14 school year. Through her time at LSU, she served as an LSU Ambassador, during which she served as an orientation chair, orientation leader and small group leader for STRIPES, an intensive orientation and college transition program. Parks was a research assistant to LSU Department of Psychology Assistant Professor Alex Cohen and conducted 90 hours of experiments aimed at better understanding symptoms of individuals with schizophrenia. Parks will pursue a Ph.D. in counseling psychology at Texas A&M University beginning in fall 2014. • Shelby Pursley, a native of Winter Springs, Fla., majoring in biological engineering and minoring in chemistry. Pursley served as president of the LSU College of Engineering College Council and the Biological Engineering Student Organization, where she ensured the longevity of the organization and adapted the organization to be a strong community group for both biological engineering students and staff. She also held positions in the Tau Beta Pi Engineering Honor Society and in the Pi Beta Phi Fraternity for women. Pursley conducted research as one of the Chancellor's Future Leaders in Research and read with primary school children as a member of Volunteers in Public Schools. Pursley will pursue a Ph.D. in bioengineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, beginning in fall 2014. • Tuan Tran, a native of New Iberia, La., majoring in biological sciences and minoring in psychology and chemistry. During his time at LSU, Tran participated in a variety of programs that have in common their service to the community. Tran served in several positions, most recently as executive vice president of the Alpha Epsilon Delta Pre-Medical Society; as the president of the College of Science College Council of LSU Student Government; and as vice president of the National Society of Collegiate Scholars at LSU.
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UK Government Publishes List Of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Security Suggestions Your Blog » UK Government Publishes List Of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Security Suggestions Previous: The Man Accountable For Passwords Says Tips Was Wrong Next: Facebook Makes Users Getting Ads To Offer Social Safety Quantity This will be much more helpful for the duration of the darker evenings and if you are spending a night or week away from your property! The most straightforward security tip is to leave a radio or Tv on as an option to leaving the lights on. Security items such as a light with a timer can be bought online. You can also buy a tv simulator, which mimics a Television screen. By emitting various colours and light patterns, it will seem somebody is in your property watching tv.My other should-have item is — ready? — a belt with a plastic buckle. I purchased a sturdy nylon belt from Thomas Bates ($14.95) a tiny whilst ago and it has served me quite effectively in my travels. I've been through security with it dozens of times and not ever had to remove it. (I have PreCheck, which lets me keep my belt on. The occasions I've worn a standard belt and set off the metal detector, I've had to get rid of it.) Getting to take off and put on a belt is not life-changing in the grand scheme of issues, but in the tiny, stressful bubble of airport security, it can genuinely make a distinction when you happen to be rushing to make a flight.Fraudsters can use your details to impersonate you, to receive credit cards in your name, to guess at the answers to bank safety questions or to get access to a lot more of your personal data. Keeping your info private will support to protect you from identity theft and fraud.Fraudsters can use your particulars to impersonate you, to get credit cards in your name, to guess at the answers to bank security questions or to obtain access to far more of your individual info. Maintaining your information private will support to defend you from identity theft and fraud.It really is not just the operating method that is vulnerable to attacks. Cyber-criminals can and do discover safety holes in applications of all sorts, which is why we're continually becoming nagged to set up updates and patches. Just as you can avoid most viruses by switching away from Windows, you can reduce your threat by utilizing significantly less popular computer software that is significantly less likely to be targeted: for instance, rather of Chrome you could switch to the Opera browser As an alternative of Microsoft Workplace, consider LibreOffice (which has the extra advantage of being free of charge).This is a tip that's more beneficial on smartphones, but tablets and laptops can benefit from it as well: Windows 10 lets you save maps to your device in case you need to drop a Wi-Fi or data connection although you happen to be trying to scout out the nearby location. Head to the Settings app then choose System and Offline maps to pick which maps to download (every area comes with an estimate of how much storage space will be taken up). You can then launch and use the Maps app no matter whether or not you can get online.If you printed out your boarding pass beforehand — due to the fact you certainly checked in online the night before, appropriate? — this is not as applicable, but a lot of people, myself included, use their phones as boarding passes. That is all fine although you're sending emails and checking Instagram in the course of a lengthy security line, but 15 minutes becomes 30 minutes and whoops — abruptly your phone dies.Pick Your Flight Times Wisely. In the course of the weekdays, avoid travel early in the morning or from five to eight p.m., Mr. Holtz said, because these are the hours when company travelers have a tendency to fly. Also, Saturdays, in common, are a very good day to fly to numerous destinations because leisure travelers normally head out for their trips on Fridays and return on Sundays, and there is restricted enterprise travel.A firewall acts as a barrier among your home personal computer and the visit web site. If you have any kind of concerns concerning where and ways to make use of visit web site, visit web site you could call us at our own internet visit web site. It can aid screen out unauthorized access and can log attempts to enter your program. For residence users, a firewall can be a application system operating on the computer,
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In late September 2014, thousands of people started to occupy major streets in Hong Kong which lasted for more than two months. The protesters followed the call of the Occupy Central with Love and Peace movement, which had threatened civil disobedience if real democracy was denied. This had happened on August 31st when the Chinese National People's Congress Standing Committee released its restrictive decision on the implementation of universal suffrage for the chief executive. 1 Eventually, students initiated the street blockades after a week-long strike. When the peaceful protesters were met with tear gas, tens of thousands of Hongkongers were propelled to go to the streets to protest the excessive violence against the students and other activists. As the protesters had defended themselves with umbrellas, it became known as the Umbrella Movement. While the outburst of passionate protest activity was influenced by economic concerns similar to previous protests, it was primarily an anti-materialist movement which stressed self-sacrifice for real universal suffrage. Hong Kong has the highest income inequality among the developed economies of the world and worryingly this discrepancy is still increasing. While the Gini coefficient, which measures inequality, was already at an alarming 0.52 in 1996, that number had increased to 0.54 in 2011. This can be partially blamed on a business-dominated undemocratic political system which accords disproportionate power to the tycoons while neglecting the massive number of poor. Labor unions are extremely weak and unable to achieve much for their employees, who fear that striking could make them jobless in a highly competitive environment. Many people live in extremely crammed environments including cage homes that are so tiny it is impossible to sit upright. Recent measures to combat the problem such as the introduction of a minimum wage and the setting of an official poverty line have done little to stem the problem. This is due to the fact that these measures are highly insufficient as for instance the minimum wage of HK$30 (as of December 2014) is not enough to afford food and housing. The primary underlying factors driving the movement have therefore not been directly related to inequality but rather to the declining social mobility and worsening quality of life, 3 which affect those in the middle the most. In 2003, the inability of the government to deal with these problems were combined with the fear that even the civil rights, which are core values of Hongkongers, could be lost. It was triggered by the government's proposal to pass security legislation under Article 23 of the Basic Law, which threatened to undermine freedom of speech and assembly. As a consequence, an estimated 500,000 people joined in a massive rally through the central areas of Hong Kong island. The government eventually shelved the law and one year and another massive protest later, Tung Chee-hwa, the chief executive, also resigned. The recent Umbrella Movement has some things in common with previous pro-democracy protests. The main drivers behind the call for real democracy came from both students and academics, who were frustrated by the very slow progress of political reforms and deeply worried about the future of the city. The vast majority of participants were from middle income groups and not from those most affected by the deep social problems. In fact, a city-wide worker's strike, which was proposed by pan-democratic labor organizations, never materialized. The reality is that most workers rely on their meager salaries for survival and are not willing to risk their own jobs. The income inequality thus mattered more as a concern among academics. Much more close to the hearts of the activists was the fact that opportunities for upward mobility have become rare and housing costs make it very difficult to have a better life than previous generations. The movement also differed in one important aspect from most previous protests. Instead of emphasizing economic concerns, the Umbrella Movement epitomized the rejection of materialism and the money-making culture. It aspired to more idealistic goals such as the development of a truly democratic community in which people trust each other. A number of noteworthy events highlight this character of the movement. While the annual pro-democratic protest on 1st of July is used by many political parties and non-governmental organizations to collect donations, this was not the case in the two-month occupation. No one sold anything and people gave away stickers or postcards for free. Even the T-shirts and umbrellas
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were sold at production costs. In addition, you could get free water, snacks, or hot soup from supply stations. Many Hongkongers who did not dare to participate, donated large amounts of resources for the supply stations that supported it. Another important difference was the fact that the Umbrella Movement was a site that stressed arts and handicrafts, which are generally held in low regard by the money-oriented society. Because the government has primarily focused on what it considers the four key pillars of the economy (financial services, trading and logistics, tourism, as well as producer and professional services), manufacturing and cultural industries have been neglected. In the main protest site, called Umbrella Square, volunteers erected a self-made study corner as well as a network of passageways for easier access. Yellow ribbons made out of leather were produced as well as T-shirts were printed with Umbrella themed logos for which people stood in long lines. Finally, impressive installation art and drawings of all kinds were displayed. These artworks dealt with underlying issues, such as the social problems, as well as the need to keep faith in a better, democratic future. A key characteristic of the movement was moreover its educational nature. A group of professors and lecturers offered free lectures which began already during the student boycott in late September. During the occupation, the "democracy classroom" moved to the streets. The more than 110 different talks primarily focused on topics related to the movement including democratic politics, liberties, civil disobedience, as well as comparative perspectives. This aspect of the movement demonstrated the attempt to create a more sophisticated citizenry that is more aware of its rights and why those are important for the future development of the city. While a great deal of the activity was concentrated on the three main protest sites, there was also an attempt to expand the movement into the larger society. The most prominent attempt was the use of a gigantic yellow banner, which was placed on Hong Kong's landmark Lion Rock, an iconic mountain that can be seen from most of Kowloon. This was, however, not only an attempt to increase visibility but also an attempt to redefine the core meaning of the Hong Kong identity. In the 1970s, the mountain was seen as synonymous with the can-do spirit of Hongkongers, who can overcome any difficulties to climb the social ladder. The group announced in their Youtube video that "We think the spirit of Lion Rock isn't just about money…the people fighting for universal suffrage all over Hong Kong have shown great perseverance in their fight against injustice and perseverance in the face of difficulties. This is the true Lion Rock spirit." 4 With other words, Hongkongers are aiming for more than merely economic success to develop a democratic society that respects everyone. The most obvious example of the anti-materialist bent of the protest movement was the most recent form of protest, the so-called "Shopping Revolution" which has driven hundreds of people to participate in unorganized but peaceful resistance protests almost every night. The movement emerged after the clearance of the Mongkok protest site. Inside the rugged shopping district, the protesters meet at the same movie theatre every night around 8pm and then proceed their "shopping" tour along Sai Yeung Choi Street, which is a very busy shopping street. It includes the frequent chanting of slogans, the use of yellow banners that call for democracy, and slow walking and tossing of coins and picking them up again. This form of protest emerged when CY Leung announced that, after the clearance of the protest site, people should go back to shopping, which had triggered the memory of a Chinese mainlander who had been interviewed by the media during an anti-democracy protest and had said that she was in Hong Kong for shopping. The protesters then upended this and went protesting that appears like shopping. As a result, hundreds of policemen are deployed every night in the area. In conclusion, Hong Kong's regime change is driven mainly by people in the middle income groups, who are worried about the future of the city. Economic concerns such as the high housing costs and the living expenses clearly play an important role but they are less important than more idealistic values such as personal liberties and democratic rights. The Umbrella Movement has been markedly anti-materialist and grassroots democratic as many participants were striving for something more valuable than financial wealth. At
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_About & FAQs _Britt on CinemaBlend _Movie Reviews _Movies on Netflix _Must-See Movies _Television Reviews _TV Movie Reviews _Game of Thrones _Best TV on Netflix _Playlists _Music Reviews _Netflix _Amazon Prime Video _Acorn TV Interview with Sam Batt (Founder of Battfest) Eclectic Pop was fortunate to have Battfest founder, Sam Batt give an interview. Here she discusses her musical inspirations, aspirations and how you can join the Battfest movement. Eclectic Pop: First of all I want to thank you for doing this interview. You are Eclectic Pop's very first interview! I want to start by saying that I really respect what you are doing with this festival. It is an amazing & admirable achievement. Was there one thing that inspired you to start Battfest or was it a collection of things? Sam Batt: Thank you that's very kind of you to say. I'm honoured! I was on my way out to do a gig and Tony Moore posted on Facebook that he wanted to do some house gigs with his protege Ilona. I wanted to get his attention because he's helped a lot of emerging artists and runs venues in London, so I suggested a mini festival in my garden so I could play too and he loved the idea. I had done a lot of gigs that year so I got on the phone and called all the best acts I had met along the way. Tony called it Battfest and helped me set up the streaming. We only had about 3 weeks to prepare and I had one main helper, Roger Fauske. It was supposed to be a one-off but so many people asked me when the next one was going to be I decided to do it again. I had just joined the roster of Ladylake Music, who are the most awesome, US based promotions team. They started getting me lots of radio play and interviews and then I realised I could get all the radio stations involved in Battfest. On the topic of inspiration, what was your first concert? I grew up in a musical family so did a lot of performing as a child and was lucky enough to see some fantastic live gigs. I saw people like Elton John from the wings in huge venues and Stevie Wonder singing at a BBQ at the studio where he was recording. I did a solo piano gig playing jazz standards for a school function when I was about 14. My first band gig was in the manor house at Chessington Zoo. What are some things that people can expect from Battfest 2013? Mainly, GREAT music, all sorts of genres. We've got a lot of singer-songwriters and acoustic music and we've also got some brilliant bands. We'll have interviews in between acts and we'll also have some comedy and magic tricks from The Great Alprendo. As a singer/songwriter yourself, what is something that most people don't understand about musicians? We need to eat! Music takes time and money to produce. There's a lot of practicing and honing of skills and songs involved. We need to get paid and actually sell music, not just give it away. The gap between truly talented artists and who is having Billboard success seems to be infinitely large. What do you see as the key to bridging that gap and what is it that you think causes that divide in the first place? The music industry is going through massive changes at the moment. It used to be that you needed a record company because the costs of recording and promoting music were so high. Only a few acts would actually get signed and that these acts would either become huge megastars, or in a lot of cases, get shelved by their record companies so other acts didn't have to compete with them. You'd get offered a contract on a take-it-or-leave-it basis that often wasn't a great deal, but if you wanted to make it, you took and hoped for a better deal once you had. You hear so many stories about well-known musicians that ended up broke. That's all changing now because the technology to record is affordable and the technology to distribute and promote is as well. The trouble is, if you are doing everything that would previously have been done by a whole team of people it leaves less time for making music and indie artists don't generally have the resources to promote and advertise on mainstream media. The
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CommonCrawl
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internet enables us but it also makes it difficult to stand out from the crowd, because there are so many great indie artists out there In the current climate of how people discover new music, what do you see as the best way for rising artists to be discovered? In my opinion sharing reciprocal promotions is the way forward. If I share a link to my friend's music, rather than my own, it gets more attention. It's so much easier to blow someone elses' trumpet! This doesn't just work with artists - there's a huge web of indie media. If I send 30 artists' music to a radio station it helps the artists AND the station because the artists share the links to the shows they're played on and bring in new listeners. When the radio stations team up and swap shows (cross-syndicate) they get more content and more listeners. The more we help each other, the more good it does us. That's why I'm building the Organic Media Network. I was going to call it the Organic Music Network but I realised we have a load of other media involved. Do you have any dream acts that you would like to see perform at Battfest, if so, who? I'd like to get some of the more well-known indies to play like George MIchael and David Bowie. That would be pretty cool. What has been your proudest moment running Battfest thus far? Firstly, I was really proud of the team coming together last year - at least a hundred people, most of whom hadn't met, all came together with loads of different technology and set up in my house and garden and it all worked. That was pretty good. Watching Rodney Branigan play last year gave me tingles because I couldn't believe the standard of entertainment I had managed to pull together. I think the best moment was finding out [that] we were trending on Twitter in the US. That's really hard to do. I couldn't have done that without Ladylake. What are you most excited for people to see at this year's Battfest? It's not so much what, as who. I've got the most AMAZING lineup. It's very eclectic too - should be something for everybody's tastes. It's so good I don't know who to pick out for you - they're all gems. This year they'll be displayed against black velvet and properly lit! If you go to the website you can click on their names and preview their music and also our playlist of their tracks which sounds awesome. I'm so glad to be on that album :) Where can everybody join the Battfest movement and check out the festival? Battfest.com and Battfest's Facebook page. If you want to be part of it you can help spread the word by sharing our player from the Facebook page on your social networks and be a broadcaster yourself! It will also be very easy to embed on any website. You can help by social networking too http://battfest.com/index.php/support-us/fan-support If you are a tv or radio station and would like to take some or all of the broadcast on your station, please get in touch http://battfest.com/index.php/contact-us and we'll send you a link. I want to thank Sam Batt for taking the time to do this interview. She is an amazing force and music is very lucky to have her presence. Written by Britt Lawrence Tags: Eclectic Pop Interview Music Britt Lawrence Britt is a freelance writer, and entertainment enthusiast with an "eclectic" taste in "pop" culture. As a freelancer, she is currently a Contributing TV News Writer at CinemaBlend. You can learn more about her by clicking her name. 'Medici' Season 3 Teaser Trailer Reveals Thrilling Final Chapter 'Black Spot' ('Zone Blanche') Season 2: That Ending And Theories That Could Explain It Streaming Spotlight: 'Jack Taylor' Season 4 Is Coming To Acorn TV 'Silver Spoon' Season 3 Trailer Has Me Desperate For Netflix Release The Archives January (7) December (11) November (13) October (9) September (10) August (9) July (6) June (6) May (12) April (9) March (8) February (11) January (5) December (5) November (4) October (4)
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92
1,024
CommonCrawl
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#include <Xm/Xm.h> #include <Xbae/MatrixP.h> #include <Xbae/Actions.h> #include <Xbae/Utils.h> #include <Xbae/Clip.h> /* * Public.c created by Andrew Lister (7 August, 1995) */ /* * Public interface to set_cell method */ void XbaeMatrixSetCell(w, row, column, value ) Widget w; int row; int column; const String value; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the set_cell method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.set_cell) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, row, column, value, True); } /* * Public interface to edit_cell method */ void XbaeMatrixEditCell(w, row, column) Widget w; int row, column; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the edit_cell method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.edit_cell) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, row, column); XmProcessTraversal(TextChild(((XbaeMatrixWidget) w)), XmTRAVERSE_CURRENT); } /* * Public interface to select_cell method */ void XbaeMatrixSelectCell(w, row, column) Widget w; int row, column; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the select_cell method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.select_cell) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, row, column); } /* * Public interface to select_row method */ void XbaeMatrixSelectRow(w, row) Widget w; int row; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the select_row method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.select_row) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, row); } /* * Public interface to select_column method */ void XbaeMatrixSelectColumn(w, column) Widget w; int column; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the select_column method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.select_column) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, column); } /* * Public interface to deselect_all method */ void XbaeMatrixDeselectAll(w) Widget w; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the deselect_all method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.deselect_all) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w); } /* * Public interface to deselect_cell method */ void XbaeMatrixDeselectCell(w, row, column) Widget w; int row; int column; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass
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, NULL); /* * Call the deselect_cell method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.deselect_cell) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, row, column); } /* * Public interface to deselect_row method */ void XbaeMatrixDeselectRow(w, row) Widget w; int row; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the deselect_row method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.deselect_row) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, row); } /* * Public interface to deselect_column method */ void XbaeMatrixDeselectColumn(w, column) Widget w; int column; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the deselect_column method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.deselect_column) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, column); } /* * Public interface to get_cell method */ String XbaeMatrixGetCell(w, row, column) Widget w; int row, column; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the get_cell method */ return (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.get_cell) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, row, column); } /* * Public interface to commit_edit method */ Boolean #if NeedFunctionPrototypes XbaeMatrixCommitEdit(Widget w, Boolean unmap) #else XbaeMatrixCommitEdit(w, unmap) Widget w; Boolean unmap; #endif { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the commit_edit method */ return (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.commit_edit) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, unmap); } /* * Public interface to cancel_edit method */ void #if NeedFunctionPrototypes XbaeMatrixCancelEdit(Widget w, Boolean unmap) #else XbaeMatrixCancelEdit(w, unmap) Widget w; Boolean unmap; #endif { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the cancel_edit method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.cancel_edit) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, unmap); } /* * Public interface to add_rows method */ void XbaeMatrixAddRows(w, position, rows, labels, colors, num_rows) Widget w; int position; String *rows; String *labels; Pixel *colors; int num_rows; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the add_rows method */ ( *( ( XbaeMatrixWidgetClass )XtClass( w ) )->matrix_class.add_rows ) ( ( XbaeMatrixWidget ) w, position, rows, labels, colors, NULL, num_rows ); } /* * Public interface to delete_rows method */ void XbaeMatrixDeleteRows(w, position, num_rows
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) Widget w; int position; int num_rows; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the delete_rows method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.delete_rows) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, position, num_rows); } /* * Public interface to add_columns method */ void XbaeMatrixAddColumns(w, position, columns, labels, widths, max_lengths, alignments, label_alignments, colors, num_columns) Widget w; int position; String *columns; String *labels; short *widths; int *max_lengths; unsigned char *alignments; unsigned char *label_alignments; Pixel *colors; int num_columns; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the add_columns method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.add_columns) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, position, columns, labels, widths, max_lengths, alignments, label_alignments, colors, NULL, num_columns); } /* * Public interface to delete_columns method */ void XbaeMatrixDeleteColumns(w, position, num_columns) Widget w; int position; int num_columns; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the delete_columns method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.delete_columns) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, position, num_columns); } /* * Public interface to set_row_colors method */ void XbaeMatrixSetRowColors(w, position, colors, num_colors) Widget w; int position; Pixel *colors; int num_colors; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the set_row_colors method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.set_row_colors) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, position, colors, num_colors, False); } /* * Public interface to set_column_colors method */ void XbaeMatrixSetColumnColors(w, position, colors, num_colors) Widget w; int position; Pixel *colors; int num_colors; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the set_column_colors method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.set_column_colors) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, position, colors, num_colors, False); } /* * Public interface to set_cell_color method */ void XbaeMatrixSetCellColor(w, row, column, color) Widget w; int row; int column; Pixel color; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the set_cell_color method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.set_cell_color) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, row, column, color, False); } /* * Public interface to set_row_colors method */ void XbaeMatrixSetRowBackgrounds(w, position, colors
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, num_colors) Widget w; int position; Pixel *colors; int num_colors; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the set_row_colors method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.set_row_colors) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, position, colors, num_colors, True); } /* * Public interface to set_column_colors method */ void XbaeMatrixSetColumnBackgrounds(w, position, colors, num_colors) Widget w; int position; Pixel *colors; int num_colors; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the set_column_colors method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.set_column_colors) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, position, colors, num_colors, True); } /* * Public interface to set_cell_color method */ void XbaeMatrixSetCellBackground(w, row, column, color) Widget w; int row; int column; Pixel color; { /* * Make sure w is a Matrix or a subclass */ XtCheckSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass, NULL); /* * Call the set_cell_color method */ (*((XbaeMatrixWidgetClass) XtClass(w))->matrix_class.set_cell_color) ((XbaeMatrixWidget) w, row, column, color, True); } /* * Help the user know what row & column he is in given an x & y (via an event). * Return True on success, False on failure. */ int XbaeMatrixGetEventRowColumn(w, event, row, column) Widget w; XEvent * event; int *row; int *column; { XbaeMatrixWidget mw; int x, y; CellType cell; if (!XtIsSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass)) return (False); /* Convert the event to the correct XY for the matrix widget. */ mw = (XbaeMatrixWidget) w; if (!xbaeEventToXY(mw, event, &x, &y, &cell)) return (False); /* Convert the point to a row,column. If it does not pick a valid cell, then return. */ if (!xbaeXYToRowCol(mw, &x, &y, row, column, cell)) return (False); return (True); } /* * Help the programmer to know what row & column we are currently at. * Set the row & column to -1 if bad widget. Maybe the program will core. :) */ void XbaeMatrixGetCurrentCell(w, row, column) Widget w; int *row; int *column; { XbaeMatrixWidget mw; if (!XtIsSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass)) *row = *column = -1; else { mw = (XbaeMatrixWidget)w; *row = mw->matrix.current_row; *column = mw->matrix.current_column; } } /* * Allow the programmer to call the Expose method directly if he feels * that it is really needed. */ void XbaeMatrixRefresh(w) Widget w; { XbaeMatrixWidget mw = ( XbaeMatrixWidget )w; if (XtIsSubclass(w, xbaeMatrixWidgetClass) && XtIsRealized((Widget)mw)) { /* * Generate expose events on Matrix and Clip to force the redrawing. */ XClearArea(XtDisplay(mw),
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\section*{Introduction} The main result of the present paper is to construct a two-parameter family of Markov processes $\x{\alpha}{\theta}(t)$ in the infinite-dimensional Kingman simplex \begin{equation*} \overline{\nabla}_\infty=\biggl\{x=(x_1,x_2,\dots)\in[0,1]^\infty\colon x_1\ge x_2\ge\dots\ge0,\ {\displaystyle \sum\limits_{i=1}^\infty x_i\le 1}\biggr\}. \end{equation*} In the topology of coordinatewise convergence $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$ is a compact, metrizable and separable space. Denote by $C(\overline{\nabla}_\infty)$ the algebra of real continuous functions on $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$ with pointwise operations and the supremum norm. In $C(\overline{\nabla}_\infty)$ there is a distinguished dense subspace $\mathcal{F}:=\mathbb{R}\left[ q_1,q_2,\dots \right]$ generated (as a commutative unital algebra) by algebraically independent continuous functions $q_k(x):=\sum_{i=1}^{\infty}x_i^{k+1}$, $k=1,2,\dots$, $x\in\overline{\nabla}_\infty$. For each $0\le\alpha<1$ and $\theta>-\alpha$ we define an operator $A\colon\mathcal{F}\to\mathcal{F}$ which can be written as a formal differential operator of second order with respect to the generators of the algebra $\mathcal{F}$:\footnote{Here, by agreement, $q_0=1$.} \begin{equation}\label{f0.1} \begin{array}{lcl} A&=&\displaystyle \sum_{i,j=1}^{\infty}(i+1)(j+1)(q_{i+j}-q_iq_j)\frac{\partial^2}{\partial q_i\partial q_j} \\&&\displaystyle\qquad+ \sum_{i=1}^{\infty}\left[ -(i+1)(i+\theta)q_i+(i+1)(i-\alpha)q_{i-1} \right]\frac{\partial}{\partial q_i}, \end{array} \end{equation} or (subject to certain restrictions, see Remarks \ref{p5.2} and \ref{p5.3} below) as a differential operator in natural coordinates: \begin{equation}\label{f0.2} A=\sum_{i=1}^{\infty}x_i\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x_i^2}- \sum_{i,j=1}^{\infty}x_ix_j\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x_i\partial x_j}- \sum_{i=1}^{\infty}(\theta x_i+\alpha)\frac{\partial}{\partial x_i}. \end{equation} It is worth noting that the operator $A$ is defined only on $\mathcal{F}$, and a direct application of the right-hand sides of (\ref{f0.1}) and (\ref{f0.2}) to other functions requires caution. \smallskip {\bf{}Main theorem\/}. {\em{} {\rm{}(1)\/} The operator $A$ is closable in $C(\overline{\nabla}_\infty)$; {\rm{}(2)\/} Its closure $\overline A$ generates a diffusion process $\{\x{\alpha}{\theta}(t)\}_{t\ge0}$ in $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$, that is, a strong Markov process with continuous sample paths; {\rm{}(3)\/} The two-parameter Poisson-Dirichlet measure $\pd{\alpha}{\theta}$ on $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$ is a unique invariant probability measure for $\x{\alpha}{\theta}(t)$. The process is reversible with respect to that measure; {\rm{}(4)\/} The spectrum of the generator $\overline A$ is described explicitly in \S\ref{s4.2} below. Due to existence of a spectral gap, the process $\x{\alpha
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}{\theta}(t)$ is ergodic with respect to the measure $\pd{\alpha}{\theta}$\/}. \smallskip Fix arbitrary $0\le\alpha<1$ and $\theta>-\alpha$. We construct the process in the simplex $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$ as a limit for a sequence of finite Markov chains with growing number of states. The state space for $n$th chain is the set of all partitions of $n$. Denote this set by $\mathbb{K}_n$. Each $\mathbb{K}_n$ is equipped with a certain probability measure $M_n$ (also depending on $\alpha$ and $\theta$) which is explicitly written out. The system $\{M_n\}$ is a partition structure.\footnote{This concept was introduced in \cite{Ki3}. In a more general setting also the name ``coherent system of random partitions'' is used (see, e.g., \cite{KOO,BO}).} A bijection between partition structures and probability measures on $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$ was established in \cite{Ki3}. The Poisson-Dirichlet measure $\pd{\alpha}{\theta}$ on $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$ corresponds to the two-parameter Ewens-Pitman's partition struc\-ture $\{M_n\}$. In the case $\alpha=0$ this partition structure was introduced in \cite{Ew}, the two-parameter generalization is due to Pitman \cite{Pi1}. A special case $\alpha=0$, $\theta=1$ of $\{M_n\}$ was considered in \cite{VS} in connection with limit behaviour of certain functionals on the symmetric group $\mathfrak{S}_n$ as $n\to\infty$. Also in \cite{VS} the measure $\pd{0}{1}$ was studied. Two-parameter Ewens-Pitman's partition structures were studied in \cite{Pi2,Pi-Rand,Pi3,GP,PY,DGP} and many other works. See also \cite{Pi3} for more bibliography. It should be noted that the first example of a Markov process in $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$ having the two-parameter Poisson-Dirichlet measure as a unique invariant symmetrizing probability measure was constructed in \cite{Be}. Diffusions in the infinite-dimensional unordered simplex preserving the GEM-distribution (Griffths-Engen-McCloskey, see \cite{Pi3}) are considered in a recent paper \cite{FW}. The GEM-distribution maps into the Poisson-Dirichlet measure if we reorder the coordinates in a descending order. The case $\alpha=0$ is relatively well understood and has applications to population genetics. The measure $\pd{0}{\theta}$ appeared in \cite{Ki1}. The process $\x{0}{\theta}(t)$ was const\-ructed in \cite{EK1} as a limit for diffusion processes in finite-dimensional simplexes as their dimension grows. In \S\ref{s5.4} we show that these finite-dimensional diffusions arise as a particular case of the process $\x{\alpha}{\theta}(t)$ when $\alpha=-\beta<0$ and $\theta=N\beta$, $N=2,3,\dots$. Note also that when $\alpha=0$ the operator $A$ is equal to the operator \cite[(2.10)]{EK1} multiplied by two. In \cite{EK1} it was also proved that $\x{0}{\theta}(t)$ is a limit process for a certain Moran-type population model (about this model see also \cite{Wa1} and \cite[Model II]{KMG}). This Moran-type model is a sequence of finite Markov chains on partitions. They differ from the ones considered in the present paper but have the same limit. The process $\x{0}{\theta}(t)$ (when $\alpha=0$) is called the {\em{}infinitely many neutral alleles diffusion model\/}. It was also studied in \cite{Et,Schm
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} and other works. The results of the present paper extend some of the results of \cite{EK1} and \cite{Et} to the case $\alpha\ne0$. However, it seems that in the general case there is no connection between the model $\x{\alpha}{\theta}(t)$ and population genetics. Namely, both finite Markov chains and the process in $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$ have no known interpretation in terms of population genetics. In the present paper the construction of the process $\x{\alpha}{\theta}(t)$ in $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$ involves only partition structures and up/down Markov chains. The up/down chains first appeared in \cite{Fu1}. They were also studied in the papers \cite{BO,Fu2}. The setting of the problem studied in the present paper and the general approach to it were inspired by \cite{BO}. However, the concrete computations here are performed in a different way. Monomial symmetric functions in the present paper play the same role as Schur functions in \cite{BO}. The former are simpler than the latter, and the final result is achieved by simpler means. In addition to the results similar to \cite{BO} one can compute the operator $A$ in natural coordinates (\ref{f0.2}) and describe the process $\x{\alpha}{\theta}(t)$ when $\alpha=-\beta<0$ and $\theta=N\beta$. Let us describe the organization of the paper. In \S\ref{s1.1} we recall some notation concerning partitions. In \S\ref{s1.2} the definitions of partition structures and up/down Markov chains related to them are recalled. In \S\ref{s1.3} we give the definition of Ewens-Pitman's partition structures. We also recall some of their properties. In \S\ref{s2} we deal with some properties of symmetric functions in the coordinates $\left( x_1,x_2,\dots \right)$ of a point $x\in\overline{\nabla}_\infty$. These symmetric functions form the algebra $\mathcal{F}$ defined above. In these terms we formulate the Kingman theorem about the one-to-one correspondence between partition structures and probability measures on $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$. In \S\ref{s3} we obtain an explicit expression for the action of operators $T_n$ (each $T_n$ is a transition operator of the $n$th up/down Markov chain) on symmetric functions in the coordinates $\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\dots$ of a partition $\lambda\in\mathbb{K}_n$. In \S\ref{s4.1} we perform a limit transition from the up/down Markov chains to the process $\x{\alpha}{\theta}(t)$ on $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$. First, we use the connection of symmetric functions in the coordinates of a partition with symmetric functions on $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$ to explicitly compute the limit of the operators $n^2(T_n-{\bf1})$. This limit is an operator $A\colon\mathcal{F}\to\mathcal{F}$ described above. After that we use some general results from the book \cite{EK2} to establish the convergence of discrete semigroups $\left\{ {\bf1},T_n,T_n^2,\dots \right\}$ to the continuous semigroup $\{T(t)\}_{t\ge0}$ of the process $\x{\alpha}{\theta}(t)$. This semigroup is generated by the closure $\overline A$ of the operator $A\colon\mathcal{F}\to\mathcal{F}$. In \S\ref{s4.2} we formulate the remaining results of the Main Theorem except the result about the continuity of the process $\x{\alpha}{\theta}(t)$'s sample paths. In \S\ref{s5.1} we derive (\ref{f0.2}). We also give explanations why the RHS of this formula should not be understood literally. In \S\ref{s5.2} we derive the formula (\ref{f0.1
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29912, 29888, 29900, 29889, 29896 ]
99
2,048
ArXiv
-1
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}) for the operator $A$. Using this formula it is possible to prove the continuity of the sample paths of the process in $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$. In \S\ref{s5.4} we deal with the case of degenerate values of the parameters, namely, $\alpha=-\beta$, $\theta=N\beta$. In this case as a limit of up/down Markov chains instead of the diffusion in $\overline{\nabla}_\infty$ we obtain a diffusion in the $(N-1)$-dimensional simplex. This diffusion coincides with the one studied in \cite{EK1}. The author is very grateful to Grigori Olshanski for the setting of the problem, permanent attention and fruitful discussions. \section{Ewens-Pitman's partition structures}\label{s1} \subsection{Notation}\label{s1.1} In this subsection we give some combinatorial notation which is used throughout the paper. A partition is a sequence of the form \begin{equation*} \lambda=(\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\dots,\lambda_\ell,0,0,\dots),\qquad \lambda_1\ge\lambda_2\ge\dots\ge\lambda_\ell>0, \end{equation*} where $\lambda_i\in\mathbb{Z}_{>0}$ and only a finite number of elements differs from zero. Partitions are identified with Young diagrams as in \cite{Ma}. We denote them by same letters. The number of boxes in $\lambda$ is denoted by $|\lambda|=\lambda_1+\dots+\lambda_\ell$. The number of rows in $\lambda$ is called the {\em{}length of a diagram\/} and is denoted by $\ell(\lambda)$. Also let $\varnothing$ denote the empty Young diagram. If a diagram $\lambda$ is obtained from a diagram $\mu$ by adding one box, then we write $\mu\nearrow\lambda$ or, equivalently, $\lambda\searrow\mu$. Denote this box (that distinguishes $\lambda$ and $\mu$) by $\lambda/\mu$. Let $\square$ be an arbitrary box. By $\mathrm{r}(\square)$ denote its column number counting from left to right. This number does not depend on a partition containing the box. Fix an arbitrary nonempty diagram $\lambda$. The following important properties hold. First, for each $i=1,\dots,\ell(\lambda)$ there exists a unique box with $\mathrm{r}(\square)=\lambda_i$ (denoted by $\square(\lambda_i)$) such that it can be removed from $\lambda$ and the result is again a Young diagram. The resulting diagram is denoted by $\lambda-\square(\lambda_i)$. Every diagram $\mu$ such that $\mu\nearrow\lambda$ has this form. Second, for each $i=1,\dots,\ell(\lambda)$ there exists a unique box with $\mathrm{r}(\square)=\lambda_i+1$ (denoted by $\square(\lambda_i+1)$) such that it can be added to $\lambda$ and the result is again a Young diagram. Denote the resulting diagram by $\lambda+\square(\lambda_i+1)$. Every diagram $\nu$ such that $\nu\searrow\lambda$ has either the form $\lambda+\square(\lambda_i+1)$ for some $i=1,\dots,\ell(\lambda)$ or the form $\lambda+\square(1)$, where $\lambda+\square(1)$ is the diagram obtained from $\lambda$ by adding a one-box row. For a natural $k$ by $\kr{\lambda}{k}$ denote the number of rows in $\lambda$ of length $k$. It is a nonnegative integer. For two diagrams $\mu,\lambda$ such that $|\lambda|=|\mu|+1$ we set \begin{equation*} \kra{\lambda}{\mu}:=\left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \kr{\lambda}{\mathrm{r}(\lambda/\mu)},&\mbox{if $\mu\nearrow\lambda$};\\ 0,&\mbox{otherwise}. \end{array} \right. \end{equation*} All Young diagrams are organized in a graded set $\mathbb{K}:=\
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ArXiv
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QuRatedPajama

Paper: QuRating: Selecting High-Quality Data for Training Language Models

This dataset is a 1B token subset derived from princeton-nlp/QuRatedPajama-260B, which is a subset of cerebras/SlimPajama-627B annotated by princeton-nlp/QuRater-1.3B with sequence-level quality ratings across 4 criteria:

  • Educational Value - e.g. the text includes clear explanations, step-by-step reasoning, or questions and answers
  • Facts & Trivia - how much factual and trivia knowledge the text contains, where specific facts and obscure trivia are preferred over more common knowledge
  • Writing Style - how polished and good is the writing style in the text
  • Required Expertise: - how much required expertise and prerequisite knowledge is necessary to understand the text

This subset is useful for analysis of quality ratings. It unsupervised domain clusters for the CommonCrawl and C4 domains (a description of these clusters can be found here). We also report the quality ratings per 512 token chunk of each example.

In a pre-processing step, we split documents in into chunks of exactly 1024 tokens. We provide tokenization with the Llama-2 tokenizer in the input_ids column.

Guidance on Responsible Use:

In the paper, we document various types of bias that are present in the quality ratings (biases related to domains, topics, social roles, regions and languages - see Section 6 of the paper). Hence, be aware that data selection with QuRating could have unintended and harmful effects on the language model that is being trained. We strongly recommend a comprehensive evaluation of the language model for these and other types of bias, particularly before real-world deployment. We hope that releasing the data/models can facilitate future research aimed at uncovering and mitigating such biases. Note that the quality ratings do not measure the social or literary value of a text and should not be used for textual or demographic studies.

Citation:

@article{wettig2024qurating,
   title={QuRating: Selecting High-Quality Data for Training Language Models},
   author={Alexander Wettig, Aatmik Gupta, Saumya Malik, Danqi Chen},
   journal={arXiv preprint 2402.09739},
   year={2024}
}
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