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Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
Is Islam still the majority religion?
it sometimes was
0no
4Stationarity
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
Is Islam still the majority religion?
yes
1yes
4Stationarity
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
Is Islam still the majority religion?
it never was
0no
4Stationarity
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How long has a significant Christian minority remained?
a month
0no
0Event Duration
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How long has a significant Christian minority remained?
a billion weeks
0no
0Event Duration
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How long has a significant Christian minority remained?
hundreds of years
1yes
0Event Duration
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How long has a significant Christian minority remained?
400 hours
0no
0Event Duration
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How long has a significant Christian minority remained?
1000 seconds
0no
0Event Duration
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How long has a significant Christian minority remained?
1000 years
1yes
0Event Duration
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How long has a significant Christian minority remained?
a billion years
0no
0Event Duration
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How long has a significant Christian minority remained?
a billion hours
0no
0Event Duration
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How long has a significant Christian minority remained?
hundreds of hours
0no
0Event Duration
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
What happened before Islam was the majority religion?
christianity was the majority religion
1yes
1Event Ordering
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
What happened before Islam was the majority religion?
the end of white-minority rule
0no
1Event Ordering
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
What happened before Islam was the majority religion?
he emerged as the heir apparent
0no
1Event Ordering
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How often has Christianity been the major religion?
he emerged as a peacemaker
0no
2Frequency
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How often has Christianity been the major religion?
the last two decades several times
0no
2Frequency
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How often has Christianity been the major religion?
never
0no
2Frequency
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How often has Christianity been the major religion?
several weeks later
0no
2Frequency
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How often has Christianity been the major religion?
it acquire a majority interest
0no
2Frequency
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How often has Christianity been the major religion?
he emerged as the heir apparent
0no
2Frequency
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How often has Christianity been the major religion?
the end of white-minority rule
0no
2Frequency
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
How often has Christianity been the major religion?
a dozen times
0no
2Frequency
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
What day did Islam emerge as the majority religion?
first sunday
0no
3Typical Time
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
What day did Islam emerge as the majority religion?
later sunday
0no
3Typical Time
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
What day did Islam emerge as the majority religion?
sunday
0no
3Typical Time
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
What day did Islam emerge as the majority religion?
7th month
0no
3Typical Time
Islam later emerged as the majority religion during the centuries of Ottoman rule, though a significant Christian minority remained.
What day did Islam emerge as the majority religion?
7th day
0no
3Typical Time
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How long was the storm?
an year
0no
0Event Duration
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How long was the storm?
6 hours
1yes
0Event Duration
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How long was the storm?
an hour
1yes
0Event Duration
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How long was the storm?
an week
0no
0Event Duration
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How long was the storm?
2 hours
1yes
0Event Duration
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How long was the storm?
a hour
1yes
0Event Duration
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How long was the storm?
2 seconds
0no
0Event Duration
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How long was the storm?
the storm lasted through the day
1yes
0Event Duration
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How long was the storm?
the storm lasted through the morning
1yes
0Event Duration
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How long was the storm?
an second
0no
0Event Duration
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How long was the storm?
2 weeks
0no
0Event Duration
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How long was the storm?
a second
0no
0Event Duration
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How long was the storm?
a year
0no
0Event Duration
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How long was the storm?
the storm lasted through the early morning
1yes
0Event Duration
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
What happened next?
tara sailed the ship to safety
1yes
1Event Ordering
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
What happened next?
she drove for a while
0no
1Event Ordering
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
What happened next?
yutaka kume took the helm
0no
1Event Ordering
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
What happened next?
mr. luzon took the helm
0no
1Event Ordering
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
Will the hail storm ever end?
yes
1yes
4Stationarity
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How often does a typical ship face a major storm like this?
once a day
0no
2Frequency
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How often does a typical ship face a major storm like this?
once every 5 seconds
0no
2Frequency
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How often does a typical ship face a major storm like this?
once a night
0no
2Frequency
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How often does a typical ship face a major storm like this?
every minute
0no
2Frequency
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How often does a typical ship face a major storm like this?
once a minute
0no
2Frequency
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How often does a typical ship face a major storm like this?
once every 5 hours
0no
2Frequency
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How often does a typical ship face a major storm like this?
rarely
1yes
2Frequency
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How often does a typical ship face a major storm like this?
every day
0no
2Frequency
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
How often does a typical ship face a major storm like this?
every night
0no
2Frequency
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
What time of day was the storm?
7:00 PM
1yes
3Typical Time
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
What time of day was the storm?
it was morning
1yes
3Typical Time
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
What time of day was the storm?
5:00 PM
1yes
3Typical Time
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
What time of day was the storm?
7:00 AM
1yes
3Typical Time
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
What time of day was the storm?
it was evening
1yes
3Typical Time
It's hail crackled across the comm, and Tara spun to retake her seat at the helm.
What time of day was the storm?
3:00 PM
1yes
3Typical Time
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
How long had they known each other?
only a few minutes
0no
0Event Duration
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
How long had they known each other?
10 seconds
0no
0Event Duration
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
How long had they known each other?
only a few centuries
0no
0Event Duration
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
How long had they known each other?
30 years
0no
0Event Duration
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
How long had they known each other?
a second
0no
0Event Duration
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
How long had they known each other?
90 years
0no
0Event Duration
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
How long had they known each other?
i asked if she wanted a jim beam
0no
0Event Duration
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
What happened before they met?
they were lonely
1yes
1Event Ordering
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
What happened before they met?
they were seeing different people
1yes
1Event Ordering
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
How often did they think of each other?
every century
0no
2Frequency
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
How often did they think of each other?
every-day
1yes
2Frequency
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
How often did they think of each other?
rarely
0no
2Frequency
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
How often did they think of each other?
every day
1yes
2Frequency
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
How often did they think of each other?
daily
1yes
2Frequency
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
How often did they think of each other?
never
0no
2Frequency
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
How often did they think of each other?
every month
0no
2Frequency
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
What day did they meet?
saturday
1yes
3Typical Time
Still , Preetam vows to marry Nandini if she meets him again .
What day did they meet?
friday
1yes
3Typical Time
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
What happened after Max and Joey ran the fields?
they went home to have supper
1yes
1Event Ordering
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
What happened after Max and Joey ran the fields?
they walked home
1yes
1Event Ordering
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
What happened after Max and Joey ran the fields?
they sold a home
0no
1Event Ordering
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
What happened after Max and Joey ran the fields?
they went home
1yes
1Event Ordering
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How long would they run through the fields?
max and joey ran 20 minutes through the fields
1yes
0Event Duration
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How long would they run through the fields?
30 minutes
1yes
0Event Duration
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How long would they run through the fields?
2 seconds
0no
0Event Duration
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How often do Max and Joey run?
1.67 times a week
0no
2Frequency
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How often do Max and Joey run?
5 times a week
1yes
2Frequency
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How often do Max and Joey run?
on most weekdays before school
1yes
2Frequency
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How often do Max and Joey run?
every weekend
1yes
2Frequency
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How often do Max and Joey run?
once every 30 centuries
0no
2Frequency
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How often do Max and Joey run?
every late night before lunch
0no
2Frequency
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How often do Max and Joey run?
once every 30 months
0no
2Frequency
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How often do Max and Joey run?
once every 30 minutes
0no
2Frequency
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How often do Max and Joey run?
once every 30 days
0no
2Frequency
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How often do Max and Joey run?
once every 10 minutes
0no
2Frequency
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How often do Max and Joey run?
5 times a year
0no
2Frequency
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How often do Max and Joey run?
5 times a hour
0no
2Frequency
Max and Joey would often run through fields in a game of chase.
How often do Max and Joey run?
once every 90 minutes
0no
2Frequency

Dataset Card for MC-TACO

Dataset Summary

MC-TACO (Multiple Choice TemporAl COmmonsense) is a dataset of 13k question-answer pairs that require temporal commonsense comprehension. A system receives a sentence providing context information, a question designed to require temporal commonsense knowledge, and multiple candidate answers. More than one candidate answer can be plausible.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

The task is framed as binary classification: givent he context, the question, and the candidate answer, the task is to determine whether the candidate answer is plausible ("yes") or not ("no").

Performance is measured using two metrics:

  • Exact Match -- the average number of questions for which all the candidate answers are predicted correctly.
  • F1 -- is slightly more relaxed than EM. It measures the overlap between one’s predictions and the ground truth, by computing the geometric mean of Precision and Recall.

Languages

The text in the dataset is in English. The associated BCP-47 code is en.

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

An example looks like this:

{
  "sentence": "However, more recently, it has been suggested that it may date from earlier than Abdalonymus' death.",
  "question": "How often did Abdalonymus die?",
  "answer": "every two years",
  "label": "no",
  "category": "Frequency",
}

Data Fields

All fields are strings:

  • sentence: a sentence (or context) on which the question is based
  • question: a question querying some temporal commonsense knowledge
  • answer: a potential answer to the question (all lowercased)
  • label: whether the answer is a correct. "yes" indicates the answer is correct/plaussible, "no" otherwise
  • category: the temporal category the question belongs to (among "Event Ordering", "Event Duration", "Frequency", "Stationarity", and "Typical Time")

Data Splits

The development set contains 561 questions and 3,783 candidate answers. The test set contains 1,332 questions and 9,442 candidate answers.

From the original repository:

Note that there is no training data, and we provide the dev set as the only source of supervision. The rationale is that we believe a successful system has to bring in a huge amount of world knowledge and derive commonsense understandings prior to the current task evaluation. We therefore believe that it is not reasonable to expect a system to be trained solely on this data, and we think of the development data as only providing a definition of the task.

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

MC-TACO is used as a testbed to study the temporal commonsense understanding on NLP systems.

Source Data

From the original paper:

The context sentences are randomly selected from MultiRC (from each of its 9 domains). For each sentence, we use crowdsourcing on Amazon Mechanical Turk to collect questions and candidate answers (both correct and wrong ones).

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

[More Information Needed]

Who are the source language producers?

[More Information Needed]

Annotations

From the original paper:

To ensure the quality of the results, we limit the annotations to native speakers and use qualification tryouts.

Annotation process

The crowdsourced construction/annotation of the dataset follows 4 steps described in Section 3 of the paper: question generation, question verification, candidate answer expansion and answer labeling.

Who are the annotators?

Paid crowdsourcers.

Personal and Sensitive Information

[More Information Needed]

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

[More Information Needed]

Discussion of Biases

[More Information Needed]

Other Known Limitations

[More Information Needed]

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

[More Information Needed]

Licensing Information

Unknwon

Citation Information

@inproceedings{ZKNR19,
    author = {Ben Zhou, Daniel Khashabi, Qiang Ning and Dan Roth},
    title = {“Going on a vacation” takes longer than “Going for a walk”: A Study of Temporal Commonsense Understanding },
    booktitle = {EMNLP},
    year = {2019},
}

Contributions

Thanks to @VictorSanh for adding this dataset.

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