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Ker's WingHouse Bar & Grill
[ "After Clearwater, Florida chicken wing pioneering restaurant chain Hooters began rapidly expanding, Florida based, Canadian-born restaurant entrepreneur Ed Burnett saw the opportunity.", "Burnett secured the rights to a closed restaurant (\"Knockers\") and opened \"The WingHouse\" restaurant at 7369 Ulmerton Road, Largo, Florida, a high traffic corridor.", "He strategically selected the restaurant in between where people work (commercial real estate) and live (residential real estate), to appeal to the local lunch crowd and family dining crowd.", "This flagship location proved to be a success soon after launching and is the model that the chain expanded on.", "Burnett, looking to expand to additional locations, accepted a financing partner (Crawford Ker) during this time frame, to open additional locations and beyond.", "Burnett's goal was to open 20 to 50 locations, and then sell the chain to a larger restaurant chain or investors.", "Burnett would ultimately regret his choice of investor.", "In 1992, Ker retired from the NFL and took a job selling cars at a local dealer.", "In 1994, he invested half interest in a Largo, Florida wing restaurant called, \"Wing House\" that imitated Hooters.", "The restaurant was always The Wing House, and the atmosphere was always toned down to make it more family friendly.", "The restaurant did well and two additional locations were opened in the Tampa Bay area in the following three years.", "Ker won a $1.2-million jury award from Hooters in late 2004, which had sued him for trademark violations for allegedly using their uniforms and decor.", "After a three-week trial in which lawyers discussed hula hoops, surfboards, scrunchy socks, pantyhose, and something called \"vicarious sexual recreation\", the jury ruled that no trademark infringement existed and Hooters was penalized for their frivolous lawsuit.", "Hooters appealed the decision, but in June, 2006, the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Atlanta upheld the verdict.", "As of 2007, the company had 1,700 employees at 22 locations with revenue of nearly $60 million.", "Ker attended, and the company participated in, the 2007 National Buffalo Wing Festival and placed first in the \"traditional x-hot sauce\" category and gained some national recognition.", "On June 4, 2008 the company announced the launch of its national franchise program.", "In mid-2008 the chain operated 19 locations in Florida and Texas and expected to add six franchises by the end of 2008, and 48 by 2011.", "The initial focus was for franchises in the Southeastern US.", "WingHouses feature several amenities that differ from other wing restaurants, including Hooters.", "There is a full liquor bar in every store, sports memorabilia line the walls instead of NASCAR and most locations include a game room.", "Super Bowl XLIII in Tampa, Florida attracted the rich and famous; WingHouse hosted three events to raise money for charity." ]
Opening
[ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 ]
[ "WingHouse Bar & Grill (formerly Ker’s WingHouse Bar & Grill) is a restaurant chain based in Florida, created and founded by Ed Burnett, a Canadian restaurant entrepreneur.", "After opening his first WingHouse location, Burnett sought out investors to open additional WingHouse locations.", "Burnett accepted investor Crawford Ker (a former National Football League player) to assist financing the expansion." ]
Lane Turner
[ "Turner was born in Monahans, Texas, and attended school in Levelland, which he described as \"a place so flat you can watch your dog run away for two days\".", "He received his first guitar as a gift from his parents when he was eleven years old and his father taught him to play the songs he heard on the radio.", "He attended Texas Tech University in Lubbock, where he was an All-American decathlete.", "He also played in a band called Diamondback during his time in college.", "Turner signed to Warner Bros. Records in 2004.", "He released two singles for the label—\"Always Wanting More (Breathless)\" and \"Let You Go\"—but no album.", "He also co-wrote Blaine Larsen's single \"I Don't Know What She Said\".", "In 2008, Turner was a contestant on \"The Next GAC Star\", which aired on the network Great American Country.", "He completed the competition as runner up to winning band One Night Rodeo.", "As of early 2011, Lane has replaced Dustin Evans as lead vocalist for the country music band Western Underground, originally fronted by Chris LeDoux." ]
Singing career
[ 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 ]
[ "Signed to Warner Bros. Records since 2004, he released two singles for the label, including \"Always Wanting More (Breathless)\", which reached No. 56 on the Hot Country Songs charts in 2004.", "Lane signed with Original Signal Recordings in 2009." ]
1994 Philadelphia Eagles season
[ "The 1994 NFL draft was held April 24–25, 1994.", "This was the first draft in which the rounds were reduced to seven in total.", "Note: Intra-division opponents are in bold text.", "Sunday, September 4, 1994 – Kickoff 1:01 PM Eastern\nPlayed at Giants Stadium with 68F degrees and 11 MPH wind\n\"'1st Quarter Highlights\"\nQB Dave Brown intercepted by Mark McMillian of the Eagles.", "KR Jeff Snyder fumbles and the Giants recover.", "Giants RB Rodney Hampton 1 yard TD run.", "(7–0 Giants)\nGiants PR Dave Meggett returns punt 68 yard TD (14–0 Giants)", "Saturday, December 24, 1994 Kickoff 1:00 PM Eastern\nPlayed at Riverfront Stadium on an AstroTurf playing surface in 38F degrees with a 12 MPH wind", "Shortly after the season ended, head coach Rich Kotite was fired.", "There were rumors that the Eagles new owner Jeffrey Lurie would not keep him on as coach.", "His fate was sealed when, after a 7-2 start, the Eagles lost the last 7 games of the season and missed the playoffs.", "During the few weeks the Eagles would interview outside the organization for a replacement, they had to wait until the Super Bowl was played to talk to candidates from the teams in the playoffs.", "Less than a week after Super Bowl XXIX, won by the San Francisco 49ers, the Eagles hired their defensive coordinator Ray Rhodes." ]
Postseason
[ 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 ]
[ "Rich Kotite's fate as Eagles head coach was sealed after a seven-game losing streak to end the season knocked Philly from the top of the NFC at 7–2 all the way to fourth place in the Eastern Division." ]
Stroke Belt
[ "The stroke belt is typically defined to include the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.", "In 1980 these 11 states had age-adjusted stroke mortality rates more than 10% above the national average.", "Some investigators also consider North Florida to be a part of the stroke belt, based on a stroke mortality rate higher than several states included in the region.", "East Texas also is characterized as a stroke belt.", "The stroke belt was first identified in 1962 by Centers for Disease Control (CDC) researchers who noted a concentration of high stroke death rates in the Atlantic coastal plain counties of North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia.", "Similar high stroke rates were later observed in the Mississippi Delta region as well.", "Analysis by the CDC of U.S. mortality statistics from the period 1991 to 1998 found that for both blacks and whites the counties with the highest stroke death rates were in the southeastern states and the Mississippi Delta region.", "Stroke death rates for states ranged from a high of 169 per 100,000 in South Carolina to a low of 89 per 100,000 in New York.", "While most observational studies have focused primarily on stroke incidence in adults, in 2004 researchers reported that children in the eleven stroke belt states also have an increased risk of death from ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke compared with children in other states.", "Glymour et al. (2007) reported that adults who had resided in the stroke belt during childhood and had moved outside the region had higher stroke risk at ages 50 and older than adults who grew up in areas with lower stroke incidence.", "A study reported in 2011 found that people over age 45 living in the eight \"stroke belt\" states of Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee had an 18 percent higher incidence of cognitive decline than people in other U.S. regions.", "Another researcher noted that, \"Stroke by itself is a major contributor to cognitive impairment and dementia.\"", "Other researchers have made similar observations.", "In 2011, CDC researchers mapped the occurrence of diabetes in the U.S. by county, finding that highest prevalence of diabetes is in a \"diabetes belt\" that has extensive overlap with the stroke belt.", "The causes of the elevated incidence of stroke in the stroke belt region have not been determined.", "Numerous possible contributing factors have been identified, including hypertension, low socioeconomic status, diet, cultural lifestyle, quality of healthcare facilities, smoking, and infections.", "Among the specific factors that have been proposed or studied are the following:", "The U.S. federal government has conducted public health programs specifically aimed at reducing stroke incidence and mortality in the stroke belt.", "In the 1990s the Stroke Belt Initiative operated in eleven stroke belt states, providing nutrition education, blood pressure screening, smoking cessation programs, weight loss programs, and other health promotion and public education initiatives targeted at stroke risk factors.", "In 2004, the Stroke Belt Elimination Initiative of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services awarded grants aimed at reducing the high incidence of stroke and high rates of stroke death and disability in the seven states with the highest rates of stroke (Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee).", "The term \"stroke belt\" is modeled after similar terms used for U.S. regions such as \"snowbelt\" and \"Sun Belt\", which extend the analogy to the belt as an article of clothing.", "The coastal plain counties of the Carolinas and Georgia — where the stroke belt phenomenon was first described, and where stroke incidence is highest — are sometimes called the \"buckle of the stroke belt\" or the \"stroke buckle\"." ]
Geographic scope
[ 0, 1, 2, 3 ]
[ "It is usually defined as a 11-state region consisting of Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.", "It is often disputed if Texas belongs in the Stroke Belt." ]
Stroke Belt
[ "The stroke belt is typically defined to include the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.", "In 1980 these 11 states had age-adjusted stroke mortality rates more than 10% above the national average.", "Some investigators also consider North Florida to be a part of the stroke belt, based on a stroke mortality rate higher than several states included in the region.", "East Texas also is characterized as a stroke belt.", "The stroke belt was first identified in 1962 by Centers for Disease Control (CDC) researchers who noted a concentration of high stroke death rates in the Atlantic coastal plain counties of North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia.", "Similar high stroke rates were later observed in the Mississippi Delta region as well.", "Analysis by the CDC of U.S. mortality statistics from the period 1991 to 1998 found that for both blacks and whites the counties with the highest stroke death rates were in the southeastern states and the Mississippi Delta region.", "Stroke death rates for states ranged from a high of 169 per 100,000 in South Carolina to a low of 89 per 100,000 in New York.", "While most observational studies have focused primarily on stroke incidence in adults, in 2004 researchers reported that children in the eleven stroke belt states also have an increased risk of death from ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke compared with children in other states.", "Glymour et al. (2007) reported that adults who had resided in the stroke belt during childhood and had moved outside the region had higher stroke risk at ages 50 and older than adults who grew up in areas with lower stroke incidence.", "A study reported in 2011 found that people over age 45 living in the eight \"stroke belt\" states of Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee had an 18 percent higher incidence of cognitive decline than people in other U.S. regions.", "Another researcher noted that, \"Stroke by itself is a major contributor to cognitive impairment and dementia.\"", "Other researchers have made similar observations.", "In 2011, CDC researchers mapped the occurrence of diabetes in the U.S. by county, finding that highest prevalence of diabetes is in a \"diabetes belt\" that has extensive overlap with the stroke belt.", "The causes of the elevated incidence of stroke in the stroke belt region have not been determined.", "Numerous possible contributing factors have been identified, including hypertension, low socioeconomic status, diet, cultural lifestyle, quality of healthcare facilities, smoking, and infections.", "Among the specific factors that have been proposed or studied are the following:", "The U.S. federal government has conducted public health programs specifically aimed at reducing stroke incidence and mortality in the stroke belt.", "In the 1990s the Stroke Belt Initiative operated in eleven stroke belt states, providing nutrition education, blood pressure screening, smoking cessation programs, weight loss programs, and other health promotion and public education initiatives targeted at stroke risk factors.", "In 2004, the Stroke Belt Elimination Initiative of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services awarded grants aimed at reducing the high incidence of stroke and high rates of stroke death and disability in the seven states with the highest rates of stroke (Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee).", "The term \"stroke belt\" is modeled after similar terms used for U.S. regions such as \"snowbelt\" and \"Sun Belt\", which extend the analogy to the belt as an article of clothing.", "The coastal plain counties of the Carolinas and Georgia — where the stroke belt phenomenon was first described, and where stroke incidence is highest — are sometimes called the \"buckle of the stroke belt\" or the \"stroke buckle\"." ]
Hypotheses on causation
[ 14, 15, 16 ]
[ "Although many possible causes for the high stroke incidence have been investigated, the reasons for the phenomenon have not been determined." ]
Nerepis River
[ "There was an Indian settlement and fort at the confluence of the Nerepis and the St John Rivers (Woodman's Point), known to the French as early as 1696.", "The French, under the command of Boishébert, rebuilt the fort in 1749 and renamed it Fort Boishebert.", "The fort was used as a base to lead a harassment campaign against the English.", "The fort was abandoned after Fort LaTour was rebuilt at the mouth of the St John.", "The land came to be settled by Loyalists following the American Revolution.", "Lands were granted to those who had pleased the British.", "Among the recipients was Maj. John Coffin, a half-pay officer of the New York Volunteers and later a member of the Assembly in New Brunswick.", "Early in the European period of New Brunswick settlement, Route 7 ran along the west side of the river providing the main link between the capital city of Fredericton and the port city of Saint John.", "Part of the route was superseded in 1965 and is now designated Route 177 (Nerepis Road).", "There are more than half a dozen bridges or culverts over the river.", "A long crib bridge structure in the nineteenth century was short-lived.", "It served the modern Route 102.", "Over many years, military practice manoeuvres at CFB Gagetown have degraded the water quality and affected fish habitat in the river and its tributaries.", "Since 1996, the base has been actively working to remedy the situation by hardening fords and stream approach routes.", "Perhaps more insidiously, the river was also exposed to dioxins from the use of Agent Orange and Agent Purple during secret tests in 1966 and 1967.", "Herbicides have also been sprayed on the base since 1952.", "However, a 2006 report found that “exposures to dioxin in soil, sediment and surface water in the Nerepis River area do not represent a potential concern for illness for the angler.”", "The Nerepis Marsh, a fresh-water body of approximately in size, lies near the confluence of the Nerepis and the Saint John rivers." ]
Transportation
[ 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 ]
[ "The Nerepis River is a river approximately long in New Brunswick, Canada." ]
Nerepis River
[ "There was an Indian settlement and fort at the confluence of the Nerepis and the St John Rivers (Woodman's Point), known to the French as early as 1696.", "The French, under the command of Boishébert, rebuilt the fort in 1749 and renamed it Fort Boishebert.", "The fort was used as a base to lead a harassment campaign against the English.", "The fort was abandoned after Fort LaTour was rebuilt at the mouth of the St John.", "The land came to be settled by Loyalists following the American Revolution.", "Lands were granted to those who had pleased the British.", "Among the recipients was Maj. John Coffin, a half-pay officer of the New York Volunteers and later a member of the Assembly in New Brunswick.", "Early in the European period of New Brunswick settlement, Route 7 ran along the west side of the river providing the main link between the capital city of Fredericton and the port city of Saint John.", "Part of the route was superseded in 1965 and is now designated Route 177 (Nerepis Road).", "There are more than half a dozen bridges or culverts over the river.", "A long crib bridge structure in the nineteenth century was short-lived.", "It served the modern Route 102.", "Over many years, military practice manoeuvres at CFB Gagetown have degraded the water quality and affected fish habitat in the river and its tributaries.", "Since 1996, the base has been actively working to remedy the situation by hardening fords and stream approach routes.", "Perhaps more insidiously, the river was also exposed to dioxins from the use of Agent Orange and Agent Purple during secret tests in 1966 and 1967.", "Herbicides have also been sprayed on the base since 1952.", "However, a 2006 report found that “exposures to dioxin in soil, sediment and surface water in the Nerepis River area do not represent a potential concern for illness for the angler.”", "The Nerepis Marsh, a fresh-water body of approximately in size, lies near the confluence of the Nerepis and the Saint John rivers." ]
Water quality concerns
[ 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 ]
[ "A popular river for canoeists and anglers, it is a tributary of the Saint John River.", "The Nerepis River Watershed also drains part of CFB Gagetown." ]
Battle Ground High School
[ "Battle Ground is a member of the Washington Interscholastic Athletics Association (WIAA) and competes in the Greater St. Helens 4A league.", "In 2006 The Battle Ground Tigers won the WIAA State Wrestling Team Championship.", "The Tigers finished with 110 total points 7.5 points ahead of second place Auburn High School.", "The Tigers effort was led by junior Trevor Hall (145 lbs.), sophomore Eric Starks (135 lbs) and senior Anthony Hayes (119 lbs.) who all won individual State Championships.", "Junior Andrew Buck (171 lbs.) added a second-place finish as well.", "\"League Championships\"\n\"Teams that started 5-0\"", "Battle Ground High School usually has enough students involved in jazz band to create three before school jazz bands; Intermediate Jazz 2, Intermediate Jazz 1, and Advanced Jazz Bands.", "All three bands compete, the Intermediate Jazz 2 competes at the 2A level, the Intermediate Jazz 1 competing at the 3A level, and the Advanced Jazz Band competing at the 4A level.", "The Battle Ground Advanced Jazz Band has won sweepstakes multiple times at the Clackamas Community College Jazz Festival, first place at the Lionel Hampton Jazz Festival in Idaho, first place at the Portland Rose Festival Jazz Band Classic, and in 2002 recorded a CD entitled \"How Sweet", "It Is\" featuring nine jazz classics.", "They have also taken 2nd place at the Essentially Ellington festival in New York, New York in 2006, and 3rd place at Swing Central in Savannah, Georgia in 2009.", "The Battle Ground High School Marching Band placed first in the Out of State Division A (99 members or less) on Saturday, June 11, 2011, in the Grand Floral Parade in Portland, Oregon, part of the Portland Rose Festival, beating the previous year's winner, Columbia River High School and their rival, Prairie High School.", "The Tiger Marching Band also placed second in the same parade the previous year." ]
Arts
[ 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 ]
[ "Battle Ground High School (BGHS) is a public high school in Battle Ground, Washington, United States.", "It is part of the Battle Ground Public Schools district." ]
Battle Ground High School
[ "Battle Ground is a member of the Washington Interscholastic Athletics Association (WIAA) and competes in the Greater St. Helens 4A league.", "In 2006 The Battle Ground Tigers won the WIAA State Wrestling Team Championship.", "The Tigers finished with 110 total points 7.5 points ahead of second place Auburn High School.", "The Tigers effort was led by junior Trevor Hall (145 lbs.), sophomore Eric Starks (135 lbs) and senior Anthony Hayes (119 lbs.) who all won individual State Championships.", "Junior Andrew Buck (171 lbs.) added a second-place finish as well.", "\"League Championships\"\n\"Teams that started 5-0\"", "Battle Ground High School usually has enough students involved in jazz band to create three before school jazz bands; Intermediate Jazz 2, Intermediate Jazz 1, and Advanced Jazz Bands.", "All three bands compete, the Intermediate Jazz 2 competes at the 2A level, the Intermediate Jazz 1 competing at the 3A level, and the Advanced Jazz Band competing at the 4A level.", "The Battle Ground Advanced Jazz Band has won sweepstakes multiple times at the Clackamas Community College Jazz Festival, first place at the Lionel Hampton Jazz Festival in Idaho, first place at the Portland Rose Festival Jazz Band Classic, and in 2002 recorded a CD entitled \"How Sweet", "It Is\" featuring nine jazz classics.", "They have also taken 2nd place at the Essentially Ellington festival in New York, New York in 2006, and 3rd place at Swing Central in Savannah, Georgia in 2009.", "The Battle Ground High School Marching Band placed first in the Out of State Division A (99 members or less) on Saturday, June 11, 2011, in the Grand Floral Parade in Portland, Oregon, part of the Portland Rose Festival, beating the previous year's winner, Columbia River High School and their rival, Prairie High School.", "The Tiger Marching Band also placed second in the same parade the previous year." ]
Arts ; Jazz Band
[ 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 ]
[ "It is part of the Battle Ground Public Schools district." ]
Battle Ground High School
[ "Battle Ground is a member of the Washington Interscholastic Athletics Association (WIAA) and competes in the Greater St. Helens 4A league.", "In 2006 The Battle Ground Tigers won the WIAA State Wrestling Team Championship.", "The Tigers finished with 110 total points 7.5 points ahead of second place Auburn High School.", "The Tigers effort was led by junior Trevor Hall (145 lbs.), sophomore Eric Starks (135 lbs) and senior Anthony Hayes (119 lbs.) who all won individual State Championships.", "Junior Andrew Buck (171 lbs.) added a second-place finish as well.", "\"League Championships\"\n\"Teams that started 5-0\"", "Battle Ground High School usually has enough students involved in jazz band to create three before school jazz bands; Intermediate Jazz 2, Intermediate Jazz 1, and Advanced Jazz Bands.", "All three bands compete, the Intermediate Jazz 2 competes at the 2A level, the Intermediate Jazz 1 competing at the 3A level, and the Advanced Jazz Band competing at the 4A level.", "The Battle Ground Advanced Jazz Band has won sweepstakes multiple times at the Clackamas Community College Jazz Festival, first place at the Lionel Hampton Jazz Festival in Idaho, first place at the Portland Rose Festival Jazz Band Classic, and in 2002 recorded a CD entitled \"How Sweet", "It Is\" featuring nine jazz classics.", "They have also taken 2nd place at the Essentially Ellington festival in New York, New York in 2006, and 3rd place at Swing Central in Savannah, Georgia in 2009.", "The Battle Ground High School Marching Band placed first in the Out of State Division A (99 members or less) on Saturday, June 11, 2011, in the Grand Floral Parade in Portland, Oregon, part of the Portland Rose Festival, beating the previous year's winner, Columbia River High School and their rival, Prairie High School.", "The Tiger Marching Band also placed second in the same parade the previous year." ]
Arts ; Marching Band
[ 11, 12 ]
[ "Battle Ground High School (BGHS) is a public high school in Battle Ground, Washington, United States." ]
Robert Bazell
[ "Bazell graduated from the University of California, Berkeley, USA, in 1967 with a B.A. in biochemistry and Phi Beta Kappa honors.", "As an undergraduate, he wrote a science column called \"Science for the People\" for the Daily Californian.", "Afterwards, Bazell traveled to England, where he studied biology at the University of Sussex in 1969 as part of his graduate work, before returning to Berkeley to complete his doctoral degree in immunology.", "Bazell continued pursuing his dual interest in journalism and science by joining Science magazine in 1971 and writing for its News and Comment section.", "A year later, he left the publication to become a reporter for the New York Post.", "In 1976, he began his long career in broadcast journalism by joining WNBC in New York as a reporter before moving to NBC News.", "At NBC, Bazell was one of the first network news correspondents to report on the emerging AIDS epidemic in the early 1980s.", "He continued to cover health and science issues for the network.", "Also in 1986, he was also a reporter and chief space correspondent during the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster when he reported about the explosion of the Space Shuttle on the January 28, 1986 episode of \"NBC Nightly News\".", "In 1998, Bazell wrote and published \"HER-2: The Making of Herceptin, a Revolutionary Treatment for Breast Cancer\", which chronicled the creation of Herceptin, a drug used to treat breast cancer; the book received a positive review from the New York Times.", "The 2008 Lifetime film \"Living Proof\", about a doctor who devotes his life's work to finding a cure for breast cancer, is based on the book.", "On March 22, 2013 it was announced that Bazell would be leaving NBC after 38 years.", "He has joined Yale University, where he is serving as an adjunct professor in the Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology.", "His extensive coverage in the 1980s of the nascent AIDS epidemic, which included reports from the United States, Africa, Europe, the Caribbean and South America, earned him the Alfred I. duPont-Columbia Award and the Maggie Award from Planned Parenthood.", "He also garnered two Emmys for his reports on the human brain; he has won five Emmys in total.", "In 1993, Bazell was honored with the George Foster Peabody Award for which he was recognized for exemplifying \"the best reporting on science and medicine.", "From transmission of the AIDS virus to innovations in cancer treatment, from the perceived dangers of cellular phones to alternative modes of health care, Mr. Bazell brings intelligence, understanding and reportorial excellence to the task.", "Robert Bazell is an outstanding television reporter who recognizes when to speak, when to listen and when to tell.\".", "Mr. Bazell was presented the Hope Funds Award in Advocacy in 2008.", "Bazell and his wife, Margot Weinshel, reside in New York.", "Bazell has three children: Rebecca, Josh and Stephanie.", "Bazell, Robert.", "\"HER-2: The Making of Herceptin, a Revolutionary Treatment for Breast Cancer\".", "Random House, October 1998." ]
Biography ; Career
[ 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 ]
[ "Robert Bazell is adjunct professor of Molecular Cellular and Developmental Biology at Yale University.", "He is the former chief science and health correspondent for NBC News." ]
The Marc Pease Experience
[ "In high school, Marc Pease (Jason Schwartzman) ran out on his performance as the Tin Man in a production of \"The Wiz\", succumbing to his stage fright despite his mentor Mr. Jon Gribble's (Ben Stiller) encouragement.", "Eight years later, he is dating Meg Brickman (Anna Kendrick), a high school senior who is bitter about being in the chorus and not having a principal role in Gribble's latest production of \"The Wiz\".", "Marc is keen for Gribble to produce the demo tape for his a cappella singing group Meridian 8 (which has already lost four of eight original members).", "Gribble, however, tries to avoid Marc, frustrated that Marc refuses to leave him alone because of the friendly advice he gave Marc eight years ago.", "While tidying Meg's bedroom, Marc finds a tape labelled \"Meg singing\", but discovers after he listens to it that she is singing with Gribble, and at the end of the song, their noises suggest that they are having sex.", "Meg, meanwhile, begins to doubt Gribble's sincerity when he tells her what a terrific singer she is when she realizes that she is always in the chorus.", "Questioning whether she even enjoys singing, she decides to quit.", "Marc drives to a performance with Meridian 8, where the only way he can keep the group from splitting up is to lie that Gribble has given them the chance to record in a studio.", "After insisting that he should sing his Tin Man's song, he starts crying on stage, and is later forced to admit that Gribble has not yet responded to his request to produce the demo.", "That night, the opening night of \"The Wiz\", Marc is working as a chauffeur for a high school prom couple.", "After dropping them off and cutting off his frequently ridiculed ponytail, he arrives at the show in the interval.", "He unsuccessfully tries to discuss Meridian 8's demo with Gribble, who brushes him off, then learns from another bandmate that they are losing another member.", "After hearing the Tin Man's song from outside the auditorium, Marc goes inside and drags Gribble out into an empty classroom.", "Marc confronts him about his empty promises for Meridian 8 to record in a studio.", "Gribble tells Marc that he is still living as if he were in high school, and an angered Marc threatens to play Meg's tape to the school principal and expose Gribble's affair with a student.", "As they fight, Marc accuses Gribble of denying Meg a main role as a means of revenge on him, and destroys the tape for Meg's sake.", "He then goes backstage and breaks up with Meg because she is too young for him.", "Seeing that the actor of the Wiz has injured himself, Marc takes his cape, runs onto the stage and sings the Wiz's song.", "Meg runs away but decides that she loves singing and returns to the stage.", "Marc's performance is met with cheers from the audience, and he is overjoyed.", "One year later, having left exorcised his \"Wizard of Oz\" demons, Marc is working as a professional singer under the title \"The Marc Pease Experience\".", "\"The Marc Pease Experience\" is Todd Louiso's second directorial project, having previously directed \"Love Liza\" (2002) and acted in minor roles in \"High Fidelity\" (2000), \"Thank You for Smoking\" (2006) and \"Snakes on a Plane\" (2006).", "Jason Schwartzman was signed to star in the film by February 2007, with Ben Stiller in talks.", "Final funding from Paramount Vantage and producer Michael London was received in early February, with production slated to start in March.", "Anna Kendrick's role in the film was announced in mid-April, after filming had begun.", "Principal photography began on March 12, 2007 in the state of North Carolina, where the entirety of the film was shot.", "Various locations around Wilmington and New Hanover County were used for filming, including Wilmington's Eugene Ashley High School and the school's auditorium.", "Filming continued through March and into April.", "On the last day of shooting at Eugene Ashley High, Stiller presented the school's morning announcements.", "A number of student interns from the University of North Carolina at Wilmington's Film Studies Department were actively involved in \"The Marc Pease Experience\"s production as part of their internship program.", "After principal photography was completed, during post-production Louiso \"realized we needed to go back and add some stuff\".", "The 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike began at this time, however, and so there was a delay of six months before the extra scenes could be scripted and filmed.", "Due to the consolidation of Paramount Vantage into Paramount Pictures, its parent studio, in June 2008, \"The Marc Pease Experience\" had a limited release into ten U.S. markets on August 21, 2009.", "The film opened in San Francisco, Chicago, Philadelphia, Miami, Dallas, Cleveland, Minneapolis, Seattle, Sacramento, and Boston in what was described by Drew Taylor of \"The Playlist\" as only \"an obligation by the studio to release the film theatrically\".", "The film grossed US$3,000 from ten screens on its opening weekend with a per-screen average of only $300.", "By the end of its domestic run, the film had grossed $4,033 and an international addition of $386,551, totaling $390,584.", "Before the film's release, Alex Billington of FirstShowing.net dubbed it \"the next \"Rushmore\"\" — which also starred Jason Schwartzman in the lead — based on the similar character elements.", "In spite of this early buzz, however, critical response was overwhelmingly negative.", "Roger Ebert called it \"badly written and inertly directed, with actors who don't have a clue what drives their characters\".", "The A.V. Club's Nathan Rabin, in a \"D+\" review, asked, \"Who could have guessed a concept as promising and long overdue as a musical Jason Schwartzman vehicle would lead to such a regrettable little nothing?\"\nOn review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 18% based on 11 reviews, with an average rating of 3.18/10." ]
Plot
[ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 ]
[ "The film stars Jason Schwartzman as Pease, Ben Stiller as Marc's former mentor, and Anna Kendrick as his love interest." ]
The Marc Pease Experience
[ "In high school, Marc Pease (Jason Schwartzman) ran out on his performance as the Tin Man in a production of \"The Wiz\", succumbing to his stage fright despite his mentor Mr. Jon Gribble's (Ben Stiller) encouragement.", "Eight years later, he is dating Meg Brickman (Anna Kendrick), a high school senior who is bitter about being in the chorus and not having a principal role in Gribble's latest production of \"The Wiz\".", "Marc is keen for Gribble to produce the demo tape for his a cappella singing group Meridian 8 (which has already lost four of eight original members).", "Gribble, however, tries to avoid Marc, frustrated that Marc refuses to leave him alone because of the friendly advice he gave Marc eight years ago.", "While tidying Meg's bedroom, Marc finds a tape labelled \"Meg singing\", but discovers after he listens to it that she is singing with Gribble, and at the end of the song, their noises suggest that they are having sex.", "Meg, meanwhile, begins to doubt Gribble's sincerity when he tells her what a terrific singer she is when she realizes that she is always in the chorus.", "Questioning whether she even enjoys singing, she decides to quit.", "Marc drives to a performance with Meridian 8, where the only way he can keep the group from splitting up is to lie that Gribble has given them the chance to record in a studio.", "After insisting that he should sing his Tin Man's song, he starts crying on stage, and is later forced to admit that Gribble has not yet responded to his request to produce the demo.", "That night, the opening night of \"The Wiz\", Marc is working as a chauffeur for a high school prom couple.", "After dropping them off and cutting off his frequently ridiculed ponytail, he arrives at the show in the interval.", "He unsuccessfully tries to discuss Meridian 8's demo with Gribble, who brushes him off, then learns from another bandmate that they are losing another member.", "After hearing the Tin Man's song from outside the auditorium, Marc goes inside and drags Gribble out into an empty classroom.", "Marc confronts him about his empty promises for Meridian 8 to record in a studio.", "Gribble tells Marc that he is still living as if he were in high school, and an angered Marc threatens to play Meg's tape to the school principal and expose Gribble's affair with a student.", "As they fight, Marc accuses Gribble of denying Meg a main role as a means of revenge on him, and destroys the tape for Meg's sake.", "He then goes backstage and breaks up with Meg because she is too young for him.", "Seeing that the actor of the Wiz has injured himself, Marc takes his cape, runs onto the stage and sings the Wiz's song.", "Meg runs away but decides that she loves singing and returns to the stage.", "Marc's performance is met with cheers from the audience, and he is overjoyed.", "One year later, having left exorcised his \"Wizard of Oz\" demons, Marc is working as a professional singer under the title \"The Marc Pease Experience\".", "\"The Marc Pease Experience\" is Todd Louiso's second directorial project, having previously directed \"Love Liza\" (2002) and acted in minor roles in \"High Fidelity\" (2000), \"Thank You for Smoking\" (2006) and \"Snakes on a Plane\" (2006).", "Jason Schwartzman was signed to star in the film by February 2007, with Ben Stiller in talks.", "Final funding from Paramount Vantage and producer Michael London was received in early February, with production slated to start in March.", "Anna Kendrick's role in the film was announced in mid-April, after filming had begun.", "Principal photography began on March 12, 2007 in the state of North Carolina, where the entirety of the film was shot.", "Various locations around Wilmington and New Hanover County were used for filming, including Wilmington's Eugene Ashley High School and the school's auditorium.", "Filming continued through March and into April.", "On the last day of shooting at Eugene Ashley High, Stiller presented the school's morning announcements.", "A number of student interns from the University of North Carolina at Wilmington's Film Studies Department were actively involved in \"The Marc Pease Experience\"s production as part of their internship program.", "After principal photography was completed, during post-production Louiso \"realized we needed to go back and add some stuff\".", "The 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike began at this time, however, and so there was a delay of six months before the extra scenes could be scripted and filmed.", "Due to the consolidation of Paramount Vantage into Paramount Pictures, its parent studio, in June 2008, \"The Marc Pease Experience\" had a limited release into ten U.S. markets on August 21, 2009.", "The film opened in San Francisco, Chicago, Philadelphia, Miami, Dallas, Cleveland, Minneapolis, Seattle, Sacramento, and Boston in what was described by Drew Taylor of \"The Playlist\" as only \"an obligation by the studio to release the film theatrically\".", "The film grossed US$3,000 from ten screens on its opening weekend with a per-screen average of only $300.", "By the end of its domestic run, the film had grossed $4,033 and an international addition of $386,551, totaling $390,584.", "Before the film's release, Alex Billington of FirstShowing.net dubbed it \"the next \"Rushmore\"\" — which also starred Jason Schwartzman in the lead — based on the similar character elements.", "In spite of this early buzz, however, critical response was overwhelmingly negative.", "Roger Ebert called it \"badly written and inertly directed, with actors who don't have a clue what drives their characters\".", "The A.V. Club's Nathan Rabin, in a \"D+\" review, asked, \"Who could have guessed a concept as promising and long overdue as a musical Jason Schwartzman vehicle would lead to such a regrettable little nothing?\"\nOn review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 18% based on 11 reviews, with an average rating of 3.18/10." ]
Production
[ 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31 ]
[ "The Marc Pease Experience is a 2009 comedy film directed by Todd Louiso and written by Louiso and Jacob Koskoff.", "Shot primarily in and around Wilmington and New Hanover County, North Carolina in early 2007, the film is centered on Marc Pease, a man living in the past, when he was the star of his high school's musicals.", "The film stars Jason Schwartzman as Pease, Ben Stiller as Marc's former mentor, and Anna Kendrick as his love interest." ]
Niketas Stethatos
[ "Niketas Stethatos was born c. 1005 and entered the Monastery of Stoudios in Constantinople at the age of fourteen.", "He became a close disciple of Symeon the New Theologian, eventually writing the most complete biography of his teacher, the \"Life of Symeon\".", "Niketas later became abbot of the Monastery of Stoudios.", "The sobriquet \"Stethatos\", meaning \"courageous,\" was given to Niketas due to his speaking out against Constantine IX Monomachos having an illicit mistress.", "Niketas Stethatos is credited with defending Symeon the New Theologian's teachings on hesychast prayer, which were considered subversive even by some eastern church authorities.", "Niketas gained the support of the Patriarch of Constantinople, Michael Cerularius, who eventually won Symeon's canonization.", "Niketas later supported Michael Cerularius in 1054, taking part in the conflict that became the East-West Schism, writing anti-Latin treatises criticizing the use of unleavened bread, Sabbath fasting, and the celibacy of priests.", "Niketas' \"Vita\", or \"Life of Symeon\", is the most complete biography of Symeon the New Theologian.", "Niketas was also the editor of Symeon's own writings and talks.", "An edition of Symeon's works was distributed by Niketas following a vision he had of Symeon.", "Niketas' personal works include polemical writings and treatises on the soul, on paradise, on the meaning of hierarchy, and on the limits of human life.", "He wrote an unpublished \"hypotyposis\" on the private spiritual life expected of the Stoudios monks.", "Another widely read work is his treatise on ascetic practices which are contained in the fourth volume of the English editions of the \"Philokalia\", the three \"Centuries on Practical, Physical and Gnostic Chapters\".", "The titles describe three main stages on the spiritual path: \"praktiki\" (practice of the commandments); \"physiki\" (meditation on the essence of creation); \"gnosis\" (the direct knowledge of God).", "Niketas wrote about many of the same themes as his teacher, Symeon, including: the experience of God as divine light; the importance of having a spiritual father; love for others being more important than prayer; the responsibility of those who have direct experience of God's grace to share it with others.", "He also wrote that a spiritual life is possible no matter one's outer circumstances—that one doesn't have to physically withdraw from the world, and that true renunciation is an inner practice.", "Niketas' attitude to the spiritual life is fundamentally positive, and that true sanctity is only a return, through grace, to man's natural condition.", "His most well known writings are on mystical theology—in addition to the writings in the \"Philokalia\", they include \"On the Soul, On Paradise\" and \"On the Hierarchy\".", "In his letters, he supports the views of his teacher Symeon, writing that any monk or priest who had the gift of spirit was the equal of a bishop.", "He also wrote a treatise \"Against those who accuse the saints\", speaking out against a current of belief during that time which said that it was no longer possible to become a saint.", "\"The rays of primordial Light that illumine purified souls with spiritual knowledge not only fill them with benediction and luminosity; they also, by means of the contemplation of the inner essences of created things, lead them up to the noetic heavens.", "The effects of the divine energy, however, do not stop here; they continue until through wisdom and through knowledge of indescribable things they unite purified souls with the One, bringing them out of a state of multiplicity into a state of oneness in Him.", "\"\n— From the \"Philokalia\".", "\"On Spiritual Knowledge, Love and the Perfection of Living\", #21.\n\"The Spirit is light, life and peace.", "If consequently you are illumined by the Spirit your own life is imbued with peace and serenity.", "Because of this you are filled with the spiritual knowledge of created beings and the wisdom of the Logos; you are granted the intellect of Christ (cf. 1 Cor. 2:16); and you come to know the mysteries of God's kingdom (cf. Luke 8:10).", "Thus you penetrate into the depths of the Divine and daily from an untroubled and illumined heart you utter words of life for the benefit of others; for you yourself are full of benediction, since you have within you Goodness itself that utters things new and old (cf. Matt. 13:52).", "\"\n— From the \"Philokalia\".", "\"On Spiritual Knowledge, Love and the Perfection of Living\", #46." ]
Life
[ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ]
[ "Niketas Stethatos (, ; c. 1005 – c. 1090) was a Byzantine mystic and theologian who is considered a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church.", "He was a follower of Symeon the New Theologian and wrote the most complete biography of Symeon, \"Life of Symeon\"." ]
Niketas Stethatos
[ "Niketas Stethatos was born c. 1005 and entered the Monastery of Stoudios in Constantinople at the age of fourteen.", "He became a close disciple of Symeon the New Theologian, eventually writing the most complete biography of his teacher, the \"Life of Symeon\".", "Niketas later became abbot of the Monastery of Stoudios.", "The sobriquet \"Stethatos\", meaning \"courageous,\" was given to Niketas due to his speaking out against Constantine IX Monomachos having an illicit mistress.", "Niketas Stethatos is credited with defending Symeon the New Theologian's teachings on hesychast prayer, which were considered subversive even by some eastern church authorities.", "Niketas gained the support of the Patriarch of Constantinople, Michael Cerularius, who eventually won Symeon's canonization.", "Niketas later supported Michael Cerularius in 1054, taking part in the conflict that became the East-West Schism, writing anti-Latin treatises criticizing the use of unleavened bread, Sabbath fasting, and the celibacy of priests.", "Niketas' \"Vita\", or \"Life of Symeon\", is the most complete biography of Symeon the New Theologian.", "Niketas was also the editor of Symeon's own writings and talks.", "An edition of Symeon's works was distributed by Niketas following a vision he had of Symeon.", "Niketas' personal works include polemical writings and treatises on the soul, on paradise, on the meaning of hierarchy, and on the limits of human life.", "He wrote an unpublished \"hypotyposis\" on the private spiritual life expected of the Stoudios monks.", "Another widely read work is his treatise on ascetic practices which are contained in the fourth volume of the English editions of the \"Philokalia\", the three \"Centuries on Practical, Physical and Gnostic Chapters\".", "The titles describe three main stages on the spiritual path: \"praktiki\" (practice of the commandments); \"physiki\" (meditation on the essence of creation); \"gnosis\" (the direct knowledge of God).", "Niketas wrote about many of the same themes as his teacher, Symeon, including: the experience of God as divine light; the importance of having a spiritual father; love for others being more important than prayer; the responsibility of those who have direct experience of God's grace to share it with others.", "He also wrote that a spiritual life is possible no matter one's outer circumstances—that one doesn't have to physically withdraw from the world, and that true renunciation is an inner practice.", "Niketas' attitude to the spiritual life is fundamentally positive, and that true sanctity is only a return, through grace, to man's natural condition.", "His most well known writings are on mystical theology—in addition to the writings in the \"Philokalia\", they include \"On the Soul, On Paradise\" and \"On the Hierarchy\".", "In his letters, he supports the views of his teacher Symeon, writing that any monk or priest who had the gift of spirit was the equal of a bishop.", "He also wrote a treatise \"Against those who accuse the saints\", speaking out against a current of belief during that time which said that it was no longer possible to become a saint.", "\"The rays of primordial Light that illumine purified souls with spiritual knowledge not only fill them with benediction and luminosity; they also, by means of the contemplation of the inner essences of created things, lead them up to the noetic heavens.", "The effects of the divine energy, however, do not stop here; they continue until through wisdom and through knowledge of indescribable things they unite purified souls with the One, bringing them out of a state of multiplicity into a state of oneness in Him.", "\"\n— From the \"Philokalia\".", "\"On Spiritual Knowledge, Love and the Perfection of Living\", #21.\n\"The Spirit is light, life and peace.", "If consequently you are illumined by the Spirit your own life is imbued with peace and serenity.", "Because of this you are filled with the spiritual knowledge of created beings and the wisdom of the Logos; you are granted the intellect of Christ (cf. 1 Cor. 2:16); and you come to know the mysteries of God's kingdom (cf. Luke 8:10).", "Thus you penetrate into the depths of the Divine and daily from an untroubled and illumined heart you utter words of life for the benefit of others; for you yourself are full of benediction, since you have within you Goodness itself that utters things new and old (cf. Matt. 13:52).", "\"\n— From the \"Philokalia\".", "\"On Spiritual Knowledge, Love and the Perfection of Living\", #46." ]
Writings
[ 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 ]
[ "He was a follower of Symeon the New Theologian and wrote the most complete biography of Symeon, \"Life of Symeon\"." ]
Juan Monjardín
[ "Born in A Coruña, he was transferred to Madrid as a young man, and began practicing football at the Nuestra Señora del Pilar school, which once was one of the city's football cradles, and from there he entered the training categories of Real Madrid at the end of the 1918-19 season.", "In that same season, and despite his early age of just 15, he debuted with the first team in a Central Regional Championship match against Racing de Madrid, and he quickly became one of the club's benchmarks at the time.", "He soon evolved from his position of midfielder to forward, which he no longer gave up until the end of his career.", "Between the aforementioned Regional Championship and the Copa del Rey, he accumulated a total of 55 goals in 74 games.", "At the time of his retirement in 1929 (aged 26), he was the second top scorer of the Madrid team, only surpassed by the 68 goals from teammate Santiago Bernabéu.", "One of the reasons for his early retirement was the arrival of two players who ended up also being attacking and historical references of the club, the Valencian Gaspar Rubio and Jaime Lazcano from Navarra, both younger than him, and both ended up breaking his goalscoring record at the club.", "The same season of his retirement La Liga was inaugurated, and by playing only one game, which was also the only one he played that season, he became one of the 19 club players to appear in that historic first edition.", "In 1943, years after his professional retirement, the white club organized a tribute match in his honour between the people of Madrid and Barcelona, ending with a one-goal tie.", "Being an Madrid FC player, he was eligible to play for the Madrid national team, and he was part of the squad that participated in two tournaments of the Prince of Asturias Cup, an inter-regional competition, in 1922-23 and 1923-24, and although the first campaign ended with a shocking quarter-final exit at the hands of Galicia, in which Monjardin scored Madrid's consolation goal in a 1-4 loss, the second campaign was much better, largely thanks to Monjardin as he scored twice in their 2-1 win over a Andalusia XI in the semi-finals, followed by what appeared to have been an extra-time winner against Catalonia in the final to seal Madrid's second Prince of Asturias Cup title, but a last-minute equaliser from Emili Sagi-Barba forced a replay in which he scored again, netting twice in the first-half, but his efforts were in vain as Catalonia took the title with a 3-2 win.", "The silver lining being that with 5 goals, he was the top goal scorer of the 1923-24 Prince of Asturias Cup, and with a total of 6 goals in the competition, he is the all-time top goal scorer of the Prince of Asturias Cup along with José Luis Zabala and Kinké, who also scored 6 goals.", "He made his debut for the Spanish national team in Lisbon on 17 December 1922 against Portugal, scoring the winning goal of a 2-1 win in the 82nd minute.", "In his next cap against France on 28 January 1923, he scored a brace in a 3-0 win, and coincidentally, the author of the third goal was Zabala.", "In total, he was capped four times, scoring three goals.", "\"Spain score listed first, score column indicates score after each Zabala goal.", "\"Madrid score listed first, score column indicates score after each Monjardín goal.", "Madrid FC", "Centro Regional Championship:\nMadrid", "Prince of Asturias Cup:\nMadrid", "Monjardín died in a car accident on 13 November 1950." ]
Club career
[ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 ]
[ "A historical member of Real Madrid in the pre-war period, he was the first footballer to play for Madrid for his entire career, and thus be part of the so-called one-club men group." ]
Juan Monjardín
[ "Born in A Coruña, he was transferred to Madrid as a young man, and began practicing football at the Nuestra Señora del Pilar school, which once was one of the city's football cradles, and from there he entered the training categories of Real Madrid at the end of the 1918-19 season.", "In that same season, and despite his early age of just 15, he debuted with the first team in a Central Regional Championship match against Racing de Madrid, and he quickly became one of the club's benchmarks at the time.", "He soon evolved from his position of midfielder to forward, which he no longer gave up until the end of his career.", "Between the aforementioned Regional Championship and the Copa del Rey, he accumulated a total of 55 goals in 74 games.", "At the time of his retirement in 1929 (aged 26), he was the second top scorer of the Madrid team, only surpassed by the 68 goals from teammate Santiago Bernabéu.", "One of the reasons for his early retirement was the arrival of two players who ended up also being attacking and historical references of the club, the Valencian Gaspar Rubio and Jaime Lazcano from Navarra, both younger than him, and both ended up breaking his goalscoring record at the club.", "The same season of his retirement La Liga was inaugurated, and by playing only one game, which was also the only one he played that season, he became one of the 19 club players to appear in that historic first edition.", "In 1943, years after his professional retirement, the white club organized a tribute match in his honour between the people of Madrid and Barcelona, ending with a one-goal tie.", "Being an Madrid FC player, he was eligible to play for the Madrid national team, and he was part of the squad that participated in two tournaments of the Prince of Asturias Cup, an inter-regional competition, in 1922-23 and 1923-24, and although the first campaign ended with a shocking quarter-final exit at the hands of Galicia, in which Monjardin scored Madrid's consolation goal in a 1-4 loss, the second campaign was much better, largely thanks to Monjardin as he scored twice in their 2-1 win over a Andalusia XI in the semi-finals, followed by what appeared to have been an extra-time winner against Catalonia in the final to seal Madrid's second Prince of Asturias Cup title, but a last-minute equaliser from Emili Sagi-Barba forced a replay in which he scored again, netting twice in the first-half, but his efforts were in vain as Catalonia took the title with a 3-2 win.", "The silver lining being that with 5 goals, he was the top goal scorer of the 1923-24 Prince of Asturias Cup, and with a total of 6 goals in the competition, he is the all-time top goal scorer of the Prince of Asturias Cup along with José Luis Zabala and Kinké, who also scored 6 goals.", "He made his debut for the Spanish national team in Lisbon on 17 December 1922 against Portugal, scoring the winning goal of a 2-1 win in the 82nd minute.", "In his next cap against France on 28 January 1923, he scored a brace in a 3-0 win, and coincidentally, the author of the third goal was Zabala.", "In total, he was capped four times, scoring three goals.", "\"Spain score listed first, score column indicates score after each Zabala goal.", "\"Madrid score listed first, score column indicates score after each Monjardín goal.", "Madrid FC", "Centro Regional Championship:\nMadrid", "Prince of Asturias Cup:\nMadrid", "Monjardín died in a car accident on 13 November 1950." ]
International career
[ 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 ]
[ "He played for Real Madrid and earned 4 caps for the Spain national football team, competing at the 1924 Summer Olympics." ]
Fort Jefferson (Florida)
[ "In late December 1824 and early January 1825, about five years after Spain sold Florida to the United States for $5 million, U.S. Navy Commodore David Porter inspected the Dry Tortugas islands.", "He was on the lookout for a site for a naval station that would help suppress piracy in the Caribbean.", "Unimpressed with what he saw, he notified the Secretary of the Navy that the Dry Tortugas were unfit for any kind of naval establishment.", "He reported that they consist of small sand islands a little above the surface of the ocean, have no fresh water, scarcely enough land to place a fortification, and in any case are probably not solid enough to bear one.", "While Commodore Porter thought the Dry Tortugas were unfit for a naval station, others in the U.S. government thought the islands were a good location for a lighthouse to guide ships around the area's reefs and small islands.", "A small island called Bush Key, later called Garden Key, was selected as the site for the lighthouse, which became known as Garden Key Light.", "Construction began in 1825 and was completed in 1826.", "The lighthouse was constructed of brick with a whitewashed exterior.", "A small white cottage for the lighthouse keeper was constructed beside the lighthouse.", "In 1829, under recommendations from Commodore John Rodgers, the survey ship \"Florida\" stopped at the Dry Tortugas to evaluate the anchorage.", "Contrary to Commodore Porter's experience, Josiah Tattnall III was delighted with what he found.", "The Dry Tortugas, he reported, consisted of 11 small keys and surrounding reefs and banks, over which the sea broke.", "There was an outer and an inner harbor.", "The former afforded a safe anchorage during all seasons and was large enough to let a large number of ships ride at anchor.", "Of more importance, the inner harbor combined a sufficient depth of water for ships-of-the-line, with a narrow entrance of not more than .", "Tattnall noted that if a hostile power should occupy the Dry Tortugas, United States shipping in the Gulf would be in deadly peril, and nothing but absolute naval superiority could prevail.", "However, if occupied and fortified by the U.S., the Dry Tortugas would constitute the advance post for a defense of the Gulf Coast.", "Robert E. Lee, then a Captain in the U.S. army, shared this opinion and in February 1845 penned a letter to Thomas Blake (Commissioner of the General Land Office) recommending the reservation of the Dry Tortugas for military use.", "Capt. John G. Barnard then made a detailed reconnaissance in November 1844 and on 17 September 1845, the Dry Tortugas became a national military reservation.", "Construction of Fort Jefferson (named after the third U.S. President, Thomas Jefferson) was finally begun on Garden Key in December 1846, under the supervision of 2nd Lt.", "Horatio Wright, after plans drawn up by Lt. Montgomery C. Meigs were approved in November.", "Meigs' plans were based on a design by Joseph Totten.", "Chief of Engineers Totten eventually visited the fort in 1855, accompanying Louis Agassiz.", "The new fort was built so that the existing Garden Key lighthouse and the lighthouse keeper's cottage were contained within the walls of the fort.", "The lighthouse continued to serve a vital function in guiding ships through the waters of the Dry Tortugas Islands until the current metal light tower was installed atop an adjacent wall of the fort in 1876.", "The original brick lighthouse tower was taken down in 1877.", "The design called for a two-tiered casemates in a six-sided outline, with two curtain walls measuring , and the other four measuring .", "Corner bastions, which are large projections designed to allow defensive fire along the faces of the walls they joined, contained gunrooms, gunpowder magazines and a granite spiral staircase.", "Each tier of casemates contained 150 guns, and another 150 were placed on top of the fort itself.", "The heavy guns were mounted inside the walls in a string of open casemates, or gunrooms, facing outward toward the sea through large openings called embrasures.", "The parade ground contained additional powder magazines, headquarters, a hospital, officer quarters and three large barracks.", "The Army employed civilian carpenters, masons, general laborers, and Key West slaves to help construct the fort.", "By August 1855, 233 white contract laborers were employed, though the slaves \"... were the backbone of the labor gang ...,\" according to Albert Manucy.", "Bricks were provided by the Pensacola firm of Raiford and Abercrombie.", "In 1859, the scientist Joseph Bassett Holder assumed responsibility as the fort's physician.", "In order to support such a large population in an area lacking fresh water, an innovative system of cisterns was built into the walls of the fort.", "Sand-filled columns were placed at regular intervals in the inner walls, spanning their height from the roof to the foundation.", "The columns were intended to filter rainwater from the rooftop for long-term storage in a series of underground chambers.", "However, the rainwater dissolved salts in the sand, or the cisterns had not been made tight, making the water unfit for drinking, but usable for washing and cooking.", "Only the rainwater runoff stored under the parade ground was fresh for drinking.", "Two steam condensers distilled of sea water per day during the Civil War.", "The fort enjoyed \"... much better water than we have had heretofore,\" which was stored in the parade ground cisterns.", "At the onset of the Civil War, 62 men of the Second U.S. Artillery Regiment, under the command of Major Lewis Golding Arnold, were moved to the fort, preventing it from falling into the hands of rebel forces.", "Capt.", "Meigs took over as the Superintending Engineer in 1860, and worked feverishly to improve the security and defenses so that the fort's heavy guns were first fired on 26 January 1861.", "The fort had a population of 168 persons at the time, including women and children.", "Two companies, 160 soldiers, of the 6th New York Zouaves arrived on 4 July 1861, under the command of Col. Bill Wilson.", "The 7th New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry arrived in March 1862, under the command of Col. Haldimand S. Putnam, to relieve the Zouaves.", "The 90th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, under the command of Lt. Col. Louis W. Tinelli relieved the New Hampshire soldiers in June 1862.", "They were relieved by the 47th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment in December 1862.", "They were relieved in March 1864 by the 110th New York Volunteer Infantry.", "In September 1861, the first prisoner soldiers appeared, those sentenced by Courts-martial to confinement and hard labor for acts such as mutinous conduct.", "President Lincoln then substituted imprisonment on the Dry Tortugas, in lieu of execution, for those found guilty of desertion.", "By June 1863, only 22 black workers remained following the Emancipation Proclamation.", "By November 1863, the number of military convicts reached 214, meeting the demands for unskilled labor, and the ratio of soldier to prisoners was about four to one.", "In June 1864, the ratio was almost equal, with 653 soldiers and 753 convicts.", "In November 1864, only 583 soldiers guarded 882 prisoners and eight were able to escape.", "On 24 July 1865 four special civilian prisoners arrived.", "These were Samuel Mudd, Edman Spangler, Samuel Arnold and Michael O'Laughlen, who had been convicted of conspiracy in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln.", "Mudd attempted to stowaway on a steam transport, when the 82nd U.S. Colored Troops relieved the 161st New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment on 25 September 1865.", "This led to his detention in the fort's \"dungeon,\" over which were the words \"Whoso entereth here leaveth all hope behind\" (from Canto III of Dante's \"Inferno\").", "Another state prisoner, Col. George St. Leger Grenfell arrived on 8 October 1865.", "In November 1865, the 5th U.S. Artillery arrived and in December 1865, there were a total of 470 soldiers and 273 prisoners.", "By February 1866, the prisoners were reduced to 207, and to 193 by May.", "Construction came to a near halt that summer and only 56 prisoners remained in January 1867.", "The 3rd U.S. Artillery replaced the 5th in 1869.", "Mudd helped provide medical care during a yellow fever epidemic at the fort in 1867.", "The epidemic killed many prisoners, including O'Laughlen, and Joseph Sim Smith, the 5th Artillery's surgeon.", "A monument to Smith and his son is still present on the parade grounds.", "Mudd, Arnold and Spangler were pardoned by President Andrew Johnson and released.", "The seawall was finally completed in 1872 and six Rodman guns were in place on barbette (third) tier.", "The total number of large-caliber guns was 243.", "The guns were never fired.", "Frequent hurricanes and yellow fever epidemics convinced the War Department to remove the garrison, leaving a small caretaker force for the armaments and ammunition in 1874.", "In 1889, the Army turned the fort over to the Marine Hospital Service to be operated as a quarantine station.", "The U.S. Navy used the Key as a coaling station.", "Neglected, stripped by vandals, swept by repeated tropical storms that crushed brick and concrete and bent girders, Fort Jefferson deteriorated rapidly.", "It remained unoccupied until war with Spain broke out in 1898.", "The American fleet was stationed there.", "One of the ships to load coal there was the USS \"Maine\" before her fateful trip to Havana.", "In 1902, the property was transferred to the Navy Department, and coal rigs and water distilling plants were built.", "When these were destroyed by hurricanes in 1906, the fort was again abandoned.", "Two years later the entire group of islands was set aside as a Federal bird reservation.", "Until 1934 Garden Key and the crumbling ruins were merely a rendezvous for fishermen and tourists.", "During WWI, the lighthouse was decommissioned, but a wireless station and naval seaplane facility was operational.", "On January 4, 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, designated the area as Fort Jefferson National Monument.", "Between 1935 and 1938 the Works Progress Administration performed structural renovation and historic preservation work on site.", "It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on November 10, 1970.", "On October 26, 1992, the Dry Tortugas, including Fort Jefferson, was established as a National Park.", "Fort Jefferson can be reached by a daily ferry from Key West, as well as by chartered seaplane and private boat.", "As a national park, primitive camping is permitted on the beach.", "Visitors by ferry typically spend four hours on the island, which is enough time for a guided tour of the fort, lunch on the boat and a swim (snorkel equipment provided) on the reef.", "Within the fort are a museum and bookstore." ]
History
[ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88 ]
[ "The fort is located on Garden Key in the lower Florida Keys within the Dry Tortugas National Park, west of the island of Key West.", "The Dry Tortugas are part of Monroe County, Florida, United States." ]
Fort Jefferson (Florida)
[ "In late December 1824 and early January 1825, about five years after Spain sold Florida to the United States for $5 million, U.S. Navy Commodore David Porter inspected the Dry Tortugas islands.", "He was on the lookout for a site for a naval station that would help suppress piracy in the Caribbean.", "Unimpressed with what he saw, he notified the Secretary of the Navy that the Dry Tortugas were unfit for any kind of naval establishment.", "He reported that they consist of small sand islands a little above the surface of the ocean, have no fresh water, scarcely enough land to place a fortification, and in any case are probably not solid enough to bear one.", "While Commodore Porter thought the Dry Tortugas were unfit for a naval station, others in the U.S. government thought the islands were a good location for a lighthouse to guide ships around the area's reefs and small islands.", "A small island called Bush Key, later called Garden Key, was selected as the site for the lighthouse, which became known as Garden Key Light.", "Construction began in 1825 and was completed in 1826.", "The lighthouse was constructed of brick with a whitewashed exterior.", "A small white cottage for the lighthouse keeper was constructed beside the lighthouse.", "In 1829, under recommendations from Commodore John Rodgers, the survey ship \"Florida\" stopped at the Dry Tortugas to evaluate the anchorage.", "Contrary to Commodore Porter's experience, Josiah Tattnall III was delighted with what he found.", "The Dry Tortugas, he reported, consisted of 11 small keys and surrounding reefs and banks, over which the sea broke.", "There was an outer and an inner harbor.", "The former afforded a safe anchorage during all seasons and was large enough to let a large number of ships ride at anchor.", "Of more importance, the inner harbor combined a sufficient depth of water for ships-of-the-line, with a narrow entrance of not more than .", "Tattnall noted that if a hostile power should occupy the Dry Tortugas, United States shipping in the Gulf would be in deadly peril, and nothing but absolute naval superiority could prevail.", "However, if occupied and fortified by the U.S., the Dry Tortugas would constitute the advance post for a defense of the Gulf Coast.", "Robert E. Lee, then a Captain in the U.S. army, shared this opinion and in February 1845 penned a letter to Thomas Blake (Commissioner of the General Land Office) recommending the reservation of the Dry Tortugas for military use.", "Capt. John G. Barnard then made a detailed reconnaissance in November 1844 and on 17 September 1845, the Dry Tortugas became a national military reservation.", "Construction of Fort Jefferson (named after the third U.S. President, Thomas Jefferson) was finally begun on Garden Key in December 1846, under the supervision of 2nd Lt.", "Horatio Wright, after plans drawn up by Lt. Montgomery C. Meigs were approved in November.", "Meigs' plans were based on a design by Joseph Totten.", "Chief of Engineers Totten eventually visited the fort in 1855, accompanying Louis Agassiz.", "The new fort was built so that the existing Garden Key lighthouse and the lighthouse keeper's cottage were contained within the walls of the fort.", "The lighthouse continued to serve a vital function in guiding ships through the waters of the Dry Tortugas Islands until the current metal light tower was installed atop an adjacent wall of the fort in 1876.", "The original brick lighthouse tower was taken down in 1877.", "The design called for a two-tiered casemates in a six-sided outline, with two curtain walls measuring , and the other four measuring .", "Corner bastions, which are large projections designed to allow defensive fire along the faces of the walls they joined, contained gunrooms, gunpowder magazines and a granite spiral staircase.", "Each tier of casemates contained 150 guns, and another 150 were placed on top of the fort itself.", "The heavy guns were mounted inside the walls in a string of open casemates, or gunrooms, facing outward toward the sea through large openings called embrasures.", "The parade ground contained additional powder magazines, headquarters, a hospital, officer quarters and three large barracks.", "The Army employed civilian carpenters, masons, general laborers, and Key West slaves to help construct the fort.", "By August 1855, 233 white contract laborers were employed, though the slaves \"... were the backbone of the labor gang ...,\" according to Albert Manucy.", "Bricks were provided by the Pensacola firm of Raiford and Abercrombie.", "In 1859, the scientist Joseph Bassett Holder assumed responsibility as the fort's physician.", "In order to support such a large population in an area lacking fresh water, an innovative system of cisterns was built into the walls of the fort.", "Sand-filled columns were placed at regular intervals in the inner walls, spanning their height from the roof to the foundation.", "The columns were intended to filter rainwater from the rooftop for long-term storage in a series of underground chambers.", "However, the rainwater dissolved salts in the sand, or the cisterns had not been made tight, making the water unfit for drinking, but usable for washing and cooking.", "Only the rainwater runoff stored under the parade ground was fresh for drinking.", "Two steam condensers distilled of sea water per day during the Civil War.", "The fort enjoyed \"... much better water than we have had heretofore,\" which was stored in the parade ground cisterns.", "At the onset of the Civil War, 62 men of the Second U.S. Artillery Regiment, under the command of Major Lewis Golding Arnold, were moved to the fort, preventing it from falling into the hands of rebel forces.", "Capt.", "Meigs took over as the Superintending Engineer in 1860, and worked feverishly to improve the security and defenses so that the fort's heavy guns were first fired on 26 January 1861.", "The fort had a population of 168 persons at the time, including women and children.", "Two companies, 160 soldiers, of the 6th New York Zouaves arrived on 4 July 1861, under the command of Col. Bill Wilson.", "The 7th New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry arrived in March 1862, under the command of Col. Haldimand S. Putnam, to relieve the Zouaves.", "The 90th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, under the command of Lt. Col. Louis W. Tinelli relieved the New Hampshire soldiers in June 1862.", "They were relieved by the 47th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment in December 1862.", "They were relieved in March 1864 by the 110th New York Volunteer Infantry.", "In September 1861, the first prisoner soldiers appeared, those sentenced by Courts-martial to confinement and hard labor for acts such as mutinous conduct.", "President Lincoln then substituted imprisonment on the Dry Tortugas, in lieu of execution, for those found guilty of desertion.", "By June 1863, only 22 black workers remained following the Emancipation Proclamation.", "By November 1863, the number of military convicts reached 214, meeting the demands for unskilled labor, and the ratio of soldier to prisoners was about four to one.", "In June 1864, the ratio was almost equal, with 653 soldiers and 753 convicts.", "In November 1864, only 583 soldiers guarded 882 prisoners and eight were able to escape.", "On 24 July 1865 four special civilian prisoners arrived.", "These were Samuel Mudd, Edman Spangler, Samuel Arnold and Michael O'Laughlen, who had been convicted of conspiracy in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln.", "Mudd attempted to stowaway on a steam transport, when the 82nd U.S. Colored Troops relieved the 161st New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment on 25 September 1865.", "This led to his detention in the fort's \"dungeon,\" over which were the words \"Whoso entereth here leaveth all hope behind\" (from Canto III of Dante's \"Inferno\").", "Another state prisoner, Col. George St. Leger Grenfell arrived on 8 October 1865.", "In November 1865, the 5th U.S. Artillery arrived and in December 1865, there were a total of 470 soldiers and 273 prisoners.", "By February 1866, the prisoners were reduced to 207, and to 193 by May.", "Construction came to a near halt that summer and only 56 prisoners remained in January 1867.", "The 3rd U.S. Artillery replaced the 5th in 1869.", "Mudd helped provide medical care during a yellow fever epidemic at the fort in 1867.", "The epidemic killed many prisoners, including O'Laughlen, and Joseph Sim Smith, the 5th Artillery's surgeon.", "A monument to Smith and his son is still present on the parade grounds.", "Mudd, Arnold and Spangler were pardoned by President Andrew Johnson and released.", "The seawall was finally completed in 1872 and six Rodman guns were in place on barbette (third) tier.", "The total number of large-caliber guns was 243.", "The guns were never fired.", "Frequent hurricanes and yellow fever epidemics convinced the War Department to remove the garrison, leaving a small caretaker force for the armaments and ammunition in 1874.", "In 1889, the Army turned the fort over to the Marine Hospital Service to be operated as a quarantine station.", "The U.S. Navy used the Key as a coaling station.", "Neglected, stripped by vandals, swept by repeated tropical storms that crushed brick and concrete and bent girders, Fort Jefferson deteriorated rapidly.", "It remained unoccupied until war with Spain broke out in 1898.", "The American fleet was stationed there.", "One of the ships to load coal there was the USS \"Maine\" before her fateful trip to Havana.", "In 1902, the property was transferred to the Navy Department, and coal rigs and water distilling plants were built.", "When these were destroyed by hurricanes in 1906, the fort was again abandoned.", "Two years later the entire group of islands was set aside as a Federal bird reservation.", "Until 1934 Garden Key and the crumbling ruins were merely a rendezvous for fishermen and tourists.", "During WWI, the lighthouse was decommissioned, but a wireless station and naval seaplane facility was operational.", "On January 4, 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, designated the area as Fort Jefferson National Monument.", "Between 1935 and 1938 the Works Progress Administration performed structural renovation and historic preservation work on site.", "It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on November 10, 1970.", "On October 26, 1992, the Dry Tortugas, including Fort Jefferson, was established as a National Park.", "Fort Jefferson can be reached by a daily ferry from Key West, as well as by chartered seaplane and private boat.", "As a national park, primitive camping is permitted on the beach.", "Visitors by ferry typically spend four hours on the island, which is enough time for a guided tour of the fort, lunch on the boat and a swim (snorkel equipment provided) on the reef.", "Within the fort are a museum and bookstore." ]
History ; Construction
[ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 ]
[ "The fort is located on Garden Key in the lower Florida Keys within the Dry Tortugas National Park, west of the island of Key West.", "The Dry Tortugas are part of Monroe County, Florida, United States." ]
Smyrna Public Library
[ "The Smyrna Women's Club and the Smyrna Men's Club provided the original financing and co-sponsored the first library, which officially opened on September 15, 1936 with little more than 600 books.", "Most were collected by young boys pulling their wagons from door to door asking for books.", "Some of these books remain part of the library collection and are on display.", "A single bookshelf in the Woman's Club located at the corner of Atlanta Road (old U.S. 41 and State Route 3) and Powder Springs Street (old State Route 5) was the home of Smyrna's first library collection.", "By 1938, 1,400 volumes were housed in their clubhouse, and in 1939 the Men's Club added a room to the Women's Clubhouse to accommodate the growing collection.", "This \"new\" library was located in the back of the Women's Clubhouse.", "A part-time librarian administered the collection, and ongoing funding was a joint venture of local citizens' support, the city of Smyrna, and the U.S. federal government.", "The city council secured Works Projects Administration funds to help finance the project.", "The monthly income was 30 dollars: 20 from the WPA and five from each of the clubs.", "This contract was renewed each year until the WPA was abolished in the 1940s.", "At that time the city of Smyrna, with help from the state and county boards of education, continued to finance the library.", "The library was governed by a seven-member board of directors, and it continued to grow and have a prominent role in the community.", "In 1961 the city assumed full responsibility for funding the library and built a new library facility on King Street.", "By 1986, the library was seriously overcrowded, and the mayor and the city council recognized the need for a new facility.", "A new library was recognized as an integral part of the first phase of the city's downtown revitalization program.", "In 1991, the city opened a new facility.", "This nationally recognized building is based on the colonial Virginia capitol in Williamsburg.", "It features an open floor plan with large windows that provides a warm, inviting atmosphere to 250,000 annual visitors." ]
History
[ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 ]
[ "The Smyrna Public Library is an independent municipal library in the U.S. state of Georgia.", "The library's reference collection includes over 8,000 volumes with special collections on military and genealogy." ]
Interboogieology
[ "The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow awarded the album 3 stars, stating, \"For this fairly early recording, avant-garde tenor saxophonist David Murray teams up with cornetist Butch Morris, bassist Johnny Dyani and drummer Oliver Johnson for some fairly free improvisations, with the originals written by either Murray or Morris.", "Two of the numbers also utilize the adventurous voice of Marta Contreras.", "The results are stimulating if not essential; a lesser but still interesting effort.\".", "\"All compositions by David Murray except as indicated\"\n# \"Namthini's Shadow\" (Butch Morris) - 8:18\n# \"Home\" - 11:15\n# \"Blues for David\" (Morris) - 9:45\n# \"Interboogieology\" - 9:14" ]
Reception
[ 0, 1, 2 ]
[ "It features performances by Murray, cornetist Butch Morris, bassist Johnny Dyani and drummer Oliver Johnson.", "Marta Contreras sings on two tracks." ]
Choi Jin-sil
[ "Choi was born as the first child to her parents Choi Guk-Hyeon and Jeong Ok-Suk on 24 December 1968 in Seoul.", "Her mother separated from her father since 1985 and divorced him in 1998.", "She had a younger brother, Choi Jin-young who was an actor and singer.", "Her family was so poor that her mother once managed the household by running a pojangmacha (a small street stall selling foods).", "She dreamed of becoming a star to escape from the poverty.", "She said in talk shows her nickname during her school days was \"Choisujebi\" because she used to eat \"sujebi\" (a dumpling soup) instead of ordinary meals due to the home environment.", "Although she later became a high-paid model and actress, she was known for frugality, even receiving awards for her savings activity and frugality.", "In 1987, Choi graduated from Seonil Girls' High School.", "She began in Korea's entertainment circles as an advertising film model.", "She began to gain celebrity in an advertising campaign for Samsung Electronics in which she acted as a newly wedded housewife.", "In 1988, she became a TV actress starring in the MBC historical drama, \"500 Years of Joseon\".", "Her first film was \"North Korean Partisan in South Korea\" (1990).", "After several experiences in TV dramas as a supporting actress, Choi played leading roles in the movie \"My Love, My Bride\" (1990) and the MBC drama \"Jealousy\" (1992).", "In 1998, Choi published an autobiography \"Yes, Let's Live Truthfully Today Too\", looking back at the change from an ordinary high school graduate to a famous actress.", "She largely stayed out of the limelight, raising her two children after her high-profile divorce in 2004.", "In 2005, she returned with the soap opera \"My Rosy Life\" in a role that resurrected her career.", "Her last work was \"Last Scandal\" (2008), generating many positive reviews from critics and viewers.", "A second season of \"Last Scandal\" was being planned for broadcast in November 2008 before her death.", "She was also an MC in a talk show, \"Choi Jin-sil 'Truth and Lie\"' in 2008.", "In 1994, her former manager Bae Byeong-su, who was an influential figure in the entertainment field, was murdered by her road manager.", "She was called in as a witness.", "The incident shocked the Korean public.", "Rumors circulated that she was implicated in the crime and she was defamed by unspecified individuals.", "She had a traffic accident in 1995 and was often the victim of stalking, having nearly been abducted in 1994 and 1998.", "In 2000, her marriage to Cho Sung-min received widespread attention in South Korea.", "Cho was a professional baseball player with the Yomiuri Giants of Japan.", "They first met on a television show in 1998.", "Choi gave birth to a son (2001) and a daughter Joon-Hee (2003).", "Cho insisted that Choi was a blameful spouse through the press without filing a lawsuit for divorce in December 2004.", "It was senseless act according to South Korean civil law.", "Choi privately had the consideration period in connection with divorce for about two years from 2002 to 2004.", "Choi had not been sued for divorce for the period.", "In September 2004, Choi decided to divorce Cho.\nCho committed a breach of marital fidelity, violence and defamation against Choi for about two years from 2002 to 2004.", "In addition, Cho borrowed money from Choi's mother and Choi's younger brother and defaulted on the debt; Cho was sued for it by them.", "In November 2002, Cho physically attacked Choi, who was pregnant at the time with their second child.", "In August 2004, Cho again assaulted her.", "The former violence was known to people in December 2002 by Cho and Cho insisted that the violence had been mutual attack to the press.", "Cho insisted that the latter violence also had been mutual attack.", "The case was widely publicized in the media.", "Choi won the parental rights and child custody over the children on condition of exempting Cho's debt to her mother and brother as well as dropping several charges against Cho.", "Cho could visit his children regularly according to the mutual agreement.", "Choi won sole custody.", "In January 2008, the South Korean family register (\"hoju\") was changed.", "As a result, children could now use their maternal family name.", "According to the register, her children changed their surname from \"Cho\" (paternal family name) to \"Choi\" (maternal family name).", "After Choi's death, her mother managed the inheritance and was awarded custody of the children.", "The older of the two children is singer Choi Hwan-hee, who goes by the stage name Z.flat and made his debut in November 2020.", "In August 2004, Choi Jin-sil came forward as a victim of domestic violence.", "Subsequently, the advertiser, Shinhan Engineering and Construction, claimed she had not kept her contractual obligation to \"maintain dignity\" as she had disclosed to the public her bruised and swollen face which was caused by the violence of her then husband.", "On June 4, 2009, the Supreme Court reversed a high court ruling that decided in favour of Choi in a compensation suit filed by the advertiser in 2004 against the actress, who was the model for its apartments.", "In handing down its ruling, the Supreme Court censured Choi for coming forward and declaring herself a victim of domestic violence, saying it constituted a failure to maintain proper \"social and moral honour\".", "Her two children became defendants as heirs.", "On 9 June 2009, Korean Womenlink, the Korea Women's Hot Line, and the Korea Women's Association United issued a joint statement lambasting the ruling.", "Women's groups censured the Supreme Court for not realising the suffering of domestic violence victims, which included Choi.", "As to the ruling, the groups claimed that revealing the results of domestic violence was not a matter of \"dignity\" but a matter of \"survival\".", "\"When a person is suffering, he or she needs to restore their dignity and social honour by disclosing the damage and seeking proper legal help as Choi did,\" a director of Korean Womenlink said.", "Choi was found hanged at home at Seoul, it was deemed that it was suicide, Police described that Choi had killed herself at around midnight.", "Her suicide was confirmed by the police.", "She was survived by her two children, her mother and younger brother Choi Jin-Young, who committed suicide a year and a half later.", "Choi's suicide was linked in the media to a temporary 70% increase in suicide in South Korea for about a month after her death; police recorded 700 more suicides in that month than would have been typical statistically.", "On 8 September 2008, Ahn Jae-hwan, the husband of popular comedian Jeong Sun-Hee, was found dead in his car.", "Ahn committed suicide apparently due to distress over mounting debts.", "Jeong and Choi had been close friends for a long time; at his funeral Choi appeared deeply shaken.", "Shortly after, rumours circulated on the web that Choi, as a loan shark, had lent a large sum of money to Ahn.", "On 22 September 2008, Choi sought a police probe into the source of the rumours, calling them groundless.", "On 28 September 2008, police arrested a securities company employee for spreading the rumours.", "Choi suffered greater stress amid rumours circulating on the Internet that she was involved in the suicide of fellow actor Ahn Jae-Hwan.", "In response to Choi's death, the South Korean government tried to strengthen a legal push to regulate Internet postings.", "Politicians have reacted by proposing legislation that would impose a more rigorous real name registration requirement on the Internet and more heightened punishment for libelous statements.", "The news of her death was widely reported and large number of reporters rushed to Choi's house to cover the event.", "Major portal websites blocked online users from leaving comments on articles concerning Choi, fearing that some users might leave malicious comments.", "\"Almost 80 percent of South Korea's households have broadband access, fostering active online interactions.", "Most Web sites here have bulletin boards where users can post uncensored, anonymous comments, and nearly all young people run their own blogs, updating via cellphone.", "Such sites were a major avenue for rumors about the possible dangers of dropping a ban on American beef that fed enormous street protests and political upheaval earlier this year.", "Major Web portals have in recent years doubled the number of monitors to screen out online character assassination and respond more quickly to complaints of malicious rumors.", "But many victims still complained that vicious rumors spread so fast their reputations were ruined virtually overnight,\" \"The New York Times\" commented on her death on October 2, 2008.", "\"She was more than South Korea's Julia Roberts or Angelina Jolie.", "For nearly 20 years, Choi was the country's cinematic sweetheart and as close to being a \"national\" actress as possible.", "But since her body was found on Oct. 2, an apparent suicide, she has become a symbol of the difficulties women face in this deeply conservative yet technologically savvy society.", "Incessant online gossip appears to have been largely to blame for her death.", "But it's also clear that public life as a single, working, divorced mom—still a pariah status in South Korea—was one role she had a lot of trouble with,\" \"Time\" commented on her death on October 6, 2008.", "On August 15, 2009, Choi's ashes were stolen from her burial site.", "The police hunt for a suspect was aided by surveillance camera images showing a man carrying out the theft.", "On August 25, 2009, the police arrested him and Choi's ashes were found in his home.", "A small memorial park for Choi Jin-Sil has been built in a cemetery in Gyeonggi Province.", "Choi's ashes were placed in the new tomb in the park in the Gapsan Park Cemetery in Yangpyeong on September 28, 2009.", "Security devices have been installed to prevent a recurrence of the theft, with the tomb specially manufactured in China and more surveillance cameras placed around the tomb.", "Choi was the \"big sister\" who led the so-called \"Choi Jin-Sil Association\".", "It was a friendly group of close celebrities that included the comedians Lee Young-Ja and Jeong Sun-Hee, the models Hong Jin-Kyung and Lee So-Ra, and the actresses Choi Hwa-Jung and Uhm Jung-Hwa.", "After Choi's death, they founded \"The Choi Jin-Sil Foundation\" for charity.", "The drama synopsis \"As Life Goes On\" (사노라면) which Choi Jin-Sil had written was found in her home after her death." ]
Career
[ 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 ]
[ "Choi Jin-Sil (December 24, 1968 – October 2, 2008) was a South Korean actress." ]
Choi Jin-sil
[ "Choi was born as the first child to her parents Choi Guk-Hyeon and Jeong Ok-Suk on 24 December 1968 in Seoul.", "Her mother separated from her father since 1985 and divorced him in 1998.", "She had a younger brother, Choi Jin-young who was an actor and singer.", "Her family was so poor that her mother once managed the household by running a pojangmacha (a small street stall selling foods).", "She dreamed of becoming a star to escape from the poverty.", "She said in talk shows her nickname during her school days was \"Choisujebi\" because she used to eat \"sujebi\" (a dumpling soup) instead of ordinary meals due to the home environment.", "Although she later became a high-paid model and actress, she was known for frugality, even receiving awards for her savings activity and frugality.", "In 1987, Choi graduated from Seonil Girls' High School.", "She began in Korea's entertainment circles as an advertising film model.", "She began to gain celebrity in an advertising campaign for Samsung Electronics in which she acted as a newly wedded housewife.", "In 1988, she became a TV actress starring in the MBC historical drama, \"500 Years of Joseon\".", "Her first film was \"North Korean Partisan in South Korea\" (1990).", "After several experiences in TV dramas as a supporting actress, Choi played leading roles in the movie \"My Love, My Bride\" (1990) and the MBC drama \"Jealousy\" (1992).", "In 1998, Choi published an autobiography \"Yes, Let's Live Truthfully Today Too\", looking back at the change from an ordinary high school graduate to a famous actress.", "She largely stayed out of the limelight, raising her two children after her high-profile divorce in 2004.", "In 2005, she returned with the soap opera \"My Rosy Life\" in a role that resurrected her career.", "Her last work was \"Last Scandal\" (2008), generating many positive reviews from critics and viewers.", "A second season of \"Last Scandal\" was being planned for broadcast in November 2008 before her death.", "She was also an MC in a talk show, \"Choi Jin-sil 'Truth and Lie\"' in 2008.", "In 1994, her former manager Bae Byeong-su, who was an influential figure in the entertainment field, was murdered by her road manager.", "She was called in as a witness.", "The incident shocked the Korean public.", "Rumors circulated that she was implicated in the crime and she was defamed by unspecified individuals.", "She had a traffic accident in 1995 and was often the victim of stalking, having nearly been abducted in 1994 and 1998.", "In 2000, her marriage to Cho Sung-min received widespread attention in South Korea.", "Cho was a professional baseball player with the Yomiuri Giants of Japan.", "They first met on a television show in 1998.", "Choi gave birth to a son (2001) and a daughter Joon-Hee (2003).", "Cho insisted that Choi was a blameful spouse through the press without filing a lawsuit for divorce in December 2004.", "It was senseless act according to South Korean civil law.", "Choi privately had the consideration period in connection with divorce for about two years from 2002 to 2004.", "Choi had not been sued for divorce for the period.", "In September 2004, Choi decided to divorce Cho.\nCho committed a breach of marital fidelity, violence and defamation against Choi for about two years from 2002 to 2004.", "In addition, Cho borrowed money from Choi's mother and Choi's younger brother and defaulted on the debt; Cho was sued for it by them.", "In November 2002, Cho physically attacked Choi, who was pregnant at the time with their second child.", "In August 2004, Cho again assaulted her.", "The former violence was known to people in December 2002 by Cho and Cho insisted that the violence had been mutual attack to the press.", "Cho insisted that the latter violence also had been mutual attack.", "The case was widely publicized in the media.", "Choi won the parental rights and child custody over the children on condition of exempting Cho's debt to her mother and brother as well as dropping several charges against Cho.", "Cho could visit his children regularly according to the mutual agreement.", "Choi won sole custody.", "In January 2008, the South Korean family register (\"hoju\") was changed.", "As a result, children could now use their maternal family name.", "According to the register, her children changed their surname from \"Cho\" (paternal family name) to \"Choi\" (maternal family name).", "After Choi's death, her mother managed the inheritance and was awarded custody of the children.", "The older of the two children is singer Choi Hwan-hee, who goes by the stage name Z.flat and made his debut in November 2020.", "In August 2004, Choi Jin-sil came forward as a victim of domestic violence.", "Subsequently, the advertiser, Shinhan Engineering and Construction, claimed she had not kept her contractual obligation to \"maintain dignity\" as she had disclosed to the public her bruised and swollen face which was caused by the violence of her then husband.", "On June 4, 2009, the Supreme Court reversed a high court ruling that decided in favour of Choi in a compensation suit filed by the advertiser in 2004 against the actress, who was the model for its apartments.", "In handing down its ruling, the Supreme Court censured Choi for coming forward and declaring herself a victim of domestic violence, saying it constituted a failure to maintain proper \"social and moral honour\".", "Her two children became defendants as heirs.", "On 9 June 2009, Korean Womenlink, the Korea Women's Hot Line, and the Korea Women's Association United issued a joint statement lambasting the ruling.", "Women's groups censured the Supreme Court for not realising the suffering of domestic violence victims, which included Choi.", "As to the ruling, the groups claimed that revealing the results of domestic violence was not a matter of \"dignity\" but a matter of \"survival\".", "\"When a person is suffering, he or she needs to restore their dignity and social honour by disclosing the damage and seeking proper legal help as Choi did,\" a director of Korean Womenlink said.", "Choi was found hanged at home at Seoul, it was deemed that it was suicide, Police described that Choi had killed herself at around midnight.", "Her suicide was confirmed by the police.", "She was survived by her two children, her mother and younger brother Choi Jin-Young, who committed suicide a year and a half later.", "Choi's suicide was linked in the media to a temporary 70% increase in suicide in South Korea for about a month after her death; police recorded 700 more suicides in that month than would have been typical statistically.", "On 8 September 2008, Ahn Jae-hwan, the husband of popular comedian Jeong Sun-Hee, was found dead in his car.", "Ahn committed suicide apparently due to distress over mounting debts.", "Jeong and Choi had been close friends for a long time; at his funeral Choi appeared deeply shaken.", "Shortly after, rumours circulated on the web that Choi, as a loan shark, had lent a large sum of money to Ahn.", "On 22 September 2008, Choi sought a police probe into the source of the rumours, calling them groundless.", "On 28 September 2008, police arrested a securities company employee for spreading the rumours.", "Choi suffered greater stress amid rumours circulating on the Internet that she was involved in the suicide of fellow actor Ahn Jae-Hwan.", "In response to Choi's death, the South Korean government tried to strengthen a legal push to regulate Internet postings.", "Politicians have reacted by proposing legislation that would impose a more rigorous real name registration requirement on the Internet and more heightened punishment for libelous statements.", "The news of her death was widely reported and large number of reporters rushed to Choi's house to cover the event.", "Major portal websites blocked online users from leaving comments on articles concerning Choi, fearing that some users might leave malicious comments.", "\"Almost 80 percent of South Korea's households have broadband access, fostering active online interactions.", "Most Web sites here have bulletin boards where users can post uncensored, anonymous comments, and nearly all young people run their own blogs, updating via cellphone.", "Such sites were a major avenue for rumors about the possible dangers of dropping a ban on American beef that fed enormous street protests and political upheaval earlier this year.", "Major Web portals have in recent years doubled the number of monitors to screen out online character assassination and respond more quickly to complaints of malicious rumors.", "But many victims still complained that vicious rumors spread so fast their reputations were ruined virtually overnight,\" \"The New York Times\" commented on her death on October 2, 2008.", "\"She was more than South Korea's Julia Roberts or Angelina Jolie.", "For nearly 20 years, Choi was the country's cinematic sweetheart and as close to being a \"national\" actress as possible.", "But since her body was found on Oct. 2, an apparent suicide, she has become a symbol of the difficulties women face in this deeply conservative yet technologically savvy society.", "Incessant online gossip appears to have been largely to blame for her death.", "But it's also clear that public life as a single, working, divorced mom—still a pariah status in South Korea—was one role she had a lot of trouble with,\" \"Time\" commented on her death on October 6, 2008.", "On August 15, 2009, Choi's ashes were stolen from her burial site.", "The police hunt for a suspect was aided by surveillance camera images showing a man carrying out the theft.", "On August 25, 2009, the police arrested him and Choi's ashes were found in his home.", "A small memorial park for Choi Jin-Sil has been built in a cemetery in Gyeonggi Province.", "Choi's ashes were placed in the new tomb in the park in the Gapsan Park Cemetery in Yangpyeong on September 28, 2009.", "Security devices have been installed to prevent a recurrence of the theft, with the tomb specially manufactured in China and more surveillance cameras placed around the tomb.", "Choi was the \"big sister\" who led the so-called \"Choi Jin-Sil Association\".", "It was a friendly group of close celebrities that included the comedians Lee Young-Ja and Jeong Sun-Hee, the models Hong Jin-Kyung and Lee So-Ra, and the actresses Choi Hwa-Jung and Uhm Jung-Hwa.", "After Choi's death, they founded \"The Choi Jin-Sil Foundation\" for charity.", "The drama synopsis \"As Life Goes On\" (사노라면) which Choi Jin-Sil had written was found in her home after her death." ]
Suicide
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[ "She was considered one of the best actresses in South Korea, nicknamed \"The Nation's Actress\".", "She committed suicide by hanging on October 2, 2008, at her home in Seoul." ]
Wyoming State Hospital
[ "The Women's Building is the oldest patient dormitory, built in 1908 with a 1913 addition by Bergstrom and Carruth in the late Victorian Romanesque style.", "The structure is now called Fremont Hall and Albany Hall.", "It consists of a central block with identical side wings.", "The two-story building measures by , with of area.", "The foundation is local rock-faced ashlar sandstone.", "Exterior walls are pressed brick.", "The bellcast hipped roof is metal in lieu of the original slate, with hipped dormers.", "Two by porches feature brick arcades topped by low brick walls.", "The interior includes a full basement with a corridor linking to other campus buildings.", "The first and second floors are laid out with a central corridor and rooms on each side.", "The interior is furnished with maple floors and beaded wood wainscot.", "The original 1887 Building for Men was destroyed by fire, but the 1916 north wing addition by Bergstrom and Carruth remains.", "An administration wing and the south wing date to 1918, while the east wing was built in 1923.", "All were designed by William Dubois.", "The north and east wings are now called Natrona and Laramie Halls and the south wing is Converse/Weston Hall.", "The facility now houses the hospital's administration and planning offices, the library, and the occupational therapy department.", "The two-story building measures and contains .", "The reinforced concrete and steel building is faced with brick with stone-jointed stucco on secondary elevations.", "The hipped roof is covered with metal.", "A one-story classical portico with stone columns forms the building's focus.", "On the interior, wood floors remain under modern carpet.", "The wings have partial basements while the administrative wing has a full basement with a connection to the underground campus corridor system, connecting to the Women's Building through the north wing and to Whalen Hall through the east wing.", "Main floors have central corridors with rooms to each side.", "This one story building was designed by Dubois and built in 1918 in a Classical Revival style.", "Known as Sheridan Hall it once housed Adolescent Services but has since discontinued this service.", "The H-shaped building measures and totals .", "The exterior is faced with brick with a hipped metal roof.", "A central hall runs the length of the building, flanked by large dormitory rooms.", "Designed by Dubois, the building was built in 1926 by George Whitemyer and Sons of Ogden, Utah.", "Known as Lincoln, Platte and Washakie Halls, the L-shaped two-story building is designed in the Classical Revival style.", "It measures by with .", "Resting on a painted stone foundation, it is faced in brick.", "The New Building for Women features and arcaded porch.", "The interior is a central corridor arrangement with rooms in a variety of sizes to either side.", "Known as Clark Hall, the Building for Employees is another Dubois building built by Carruth.", "The building features cast stone columns and pilasters supporting a full entablature.", "A Dubois design, the 1935 building is known as Carbon and Johnson Halls.", "The east portion now houses offices for Adolescent Services, while the west portion houses classrooms.", "The H-shaped building is about containing .", "The brick building is detailed with terra cotta and faced with wire-cut brick.", "Other buildings include the laundry, a chicken granary and a calf barn, all now used for shops or storage, a carpenter shop and paint shop.", "The hospital was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003." ]
Description
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[ "The historic district occupies the oldest portion of the grounds and includes fifteen contributing buildings, including the main administrative building, staff and patient dormitories, staff apartments and houses, a cafeteria and other buildings, many of which were designed by Cheyenne, Wyoming architect William Dubois." ]
Jadavpur (Lok Sabha constituency)
[ "As per order of the Delimitation Commission in respect of the Delimitation of constituencies in the West Bengal, Jadavpur (Lok Sabha constituency) is composed of the following legislative assembly segments from 2009:", "Source:Source", "!", "style=\"background-color:#E9E9E9;text-align:left;\" width=225 |Party\n!", "style=\"background-color:#E9E9E9;text-align:right;\" |Seats won\n!", "style=\"background-color:#E9E9E9;text-align:right;\" |Seat change\n!", "style=\"background-color:#E9E9E9;text-align:right;\" |Vote percentage", "Most of the contests were multi-cornered.", "However, only winners and runners-up are mentioned below:" ]
Legislative Assembly Segments
[ 0 ]
[ "Jadavpur (Lok Sabha constituency) is one of the 543 Parliamentary constituencies in India.", "The constituency centres on Jadavpur in West Bengal.", "All the seven legislative assembly segments of No. 22", "Jadavpur (Lok Sabha constituency) are in South 24 Parganas district." ]
Andrew W.K.
[ "Andrew Wilkes-Krier was born in Stanford, California, and grew up in Ann Arbor, Michigan.", "His father is Professor James E. Krier, a legal scholar at the University of Michigan Law School and co-author of the widely used Dukeminier & Krier Property casebook.", "His mother is Wendy Wilkes.", "His younger brother, Patrick, was a golf pro and is now a golf coach in Michigan.", "At the age of 4, Wilkes-Krier began learning piano at the University of Michigan School of Music.", "He has recalled early family trips to Midnight Mass as having had an enormous impact on his love for music.", "He was dubbed Andrew W.K. by an elementary school teacher to differentiate him from his classmates Andrew Cohen and Andrew Gilchrist.", "He later attended the private college preparatory Greenhills School for middle school before attending the alternative Community High School from 1993 to 1997, where he continued to study piano and keyboard.", "In 1993, at the age of 14, he joined the band Slam, later to be called Reverse Polarity.", "In 1996, a song recorded by W.K. entitled \"Mr. Surprise\" was included on \"Plant the Flower Seeds\", a compilation by the Ypsilanti, Michigan-based record label Westside Audio Laboratories, marking his first publicly-released recording.", "Over the next five years, W.K. would play in a number of Detroit-based punk rock and heavy metal bands, including The Pterodactyls; Lab Lobotomy; Music Band; Mr. Velocity Hopkins; playing drums in grindcore metal band, Kathode; in addition to forming the noise rock project Ancient Art of Boar, later known as AAB, which served as an outlet for his early solo material.", "In 1998, W.K. moved from Michigan to New York City, where he worked as a bubblegum machine salesman, an opera ticket salesman, a fashion photographer, a window decorator at the Bergdorf Goodman department store, a milkshake maker and waiter for a Mexican restaurant and in the offices of avant-garde fashion company Comme des Garçons, among other short-lived jobs.", "He ended the AAB project and began recording new solo material under his full \"Andrew Wilkes-Krier\" name; the year saw the release of a cassette-only single entitled \"Room to Breathe\" on Hanson Records.", "A follow-up release entitled \"You Are What You Eat\" was scrapped when the master recordings went missing.", "W.K. also recorded the soundtrack for an independent film named \"Poltergeist\" made by Aaron Dilloway and himself, one track of which appeared on the Hanson Records compilation \"Labyrinths & Jokes\".", "In 1999, he moved to Seffner, Florida, to start building his live band with drummer Donald \"D.T.\" Tardy, of death metal band Obituary.", "In March 2000, Wilkes-Krier released his first EP, \"Girls Own Juice\", also abbreviated as \"AWKGOJ\", on Bulb Records, his first solo release under the moniker Andrew W.K. (he had first been credited as \"Andrew W.K.\" on a remix entitled \"Wolf Eyes Rules (What Kinda Band?)\" for the noise rock band Wolf Eyes).", "\"Girls Own Juice\" introduced his hard rock-influenced musical style and experimental tendencies, described as \"Judas Priest mixed with Sparks\" by Magas, a collaborator of W.K.'s.", "The release increased buzz for W.K., centered around his \"hedonistic, so-dumb-it's-smart rawk.\"", "He continued to build his reputation by performing various solo gigs in the New York and other East Coast areas.", "Wilkes-Krier and his then manager Matt Sweeney later shipped out a number of Andrew W.K. demo tapes, each accompanied by a handwritten letter.", "One tape reached alternative rock musician Dave Grohl; impressed, Grohl offered Andrew W.K. a slot opening for his band Foo Fighters at a concert in San Francisco, which he accepted.", "Another tape reached The Island Def Jam Music Group executive Lewis Largent, who liked the demos enough to attend an Andrew W.K. gig at the Mercury Lounge, where Largent was impressed by how W.K. \"won over every last person in the audience.\"", "Wilkes-Krier reacted with surprise to Island's interest in him, and despite his manager urging him not to accept his very first offer, W.K. was eager to begin work with Island.", "\"Girls Own Juice\" was followed by another Bulb Records EP entitled \"Party Til You Puke\" in October 2000.", "Following the release of \"Party Til You Puke\", Andrew W.K. left Bulb Records amicably to sign with Island Records.\nW.K.'s major-label debut studio album, \"I Get Wet\", was released on November 13, 2001, on Island Records.", "Continuing the sound established by his previous Bulb Records EPs, \"I Get Wet\" is characterized by its metal and punk rock influences and lyrical content revolving around partying.", "The album is known for its cover art, a photograph by Roe Ethridge of Andrew W.K. with a stream of blood running from his nose onto his chin and neck, which generated minor controversy in Europe after it was seen to represent cocaine abuse; W.K. reportedly achieved the effect by striking himself in the face with a brick during the photo shoot, and subsequently supplementing his own blood with some of an animal obtained from a butcher's shop.", "\"I Get Wet\" earned positive press from publications such as \"NME\" and \"Kerrang!\" and featured two UK hit singles, \"Party Hard\" and \"She Is Beautiful\", also rising to the top spot on \"Billboard\"s Top Heatseekers albums chart.", "At the same time, W.K. also developed a reputation for his highly energetic live shows.", "Andrew W.K. joined Ozzy Osbourne's Ozzfest that summer, and a number of \"I Get Wet\"s tracks, such as \"Party Hard\", \"It's Time to Party\", and \"Fun Night\" were licensed for use in various video games, films, TV series, and commercials.", "In 2002, W.K., Gibson Goodness and Alec Rominger re-recorded his song \"We Want Fun\" from \"AWKGOJ\" for the soundtrack of \"Jackass: The Movie\"; an accompanying music video was also produced, filmed and directed by Jeff Tremaine with additional camera work by Spike Jonze.", "By September 2018, the album had sold 267,000 copies in the US.", "In late 2003, W.K. released his second studio album \"The Wolf\".", "In contrast to \"I Get Wet\", which was recorded by W.K. with his live band, \"The Wolf\" featured W.K. playing all instruments, with heavy use of overdubbing of these instrument sections in production.", "The album spawned the singles \"Tear It Up\" and \"Never Let Down\" in the United States, while the song \"Long Live the Party\" was a minor hit in Japan.", "The single \"Tear It Up\" was included as menu music in the video-game Nascar Thunder TM 2004.", "Despite earning Andrew W.K.'s highest chart position ever at #61 on the Billboard 200, it fell off after only a week, and three months after its release the album had only sold 36,098 copies.", "On tour for \"The Wolf\", W.K. was injured on stage and broke his foot.", "After the concert, he signed autographs from the ambulance.", "Not wanting to let his fans down, he performed the remainder of the tour in a wheelchair.", "Though \"Close Calls with Brick Walls\" failed to see wide release in 2006, W.K. continued to be active, releasing a live concert DVD entitled \"Who Knows?\"", "in February that year and presenting five screenings of the film in New York and Hollywood.", "In March 2006, during an episode of Sex Pistols guitarist Steve Jones' radio show \"Jonesy's Jukebox\", W.K. debuted a new song entitled \"I'm a Vagabond\".", "On November 26, 2008, under Universal Music Group, he released his fourth studio album, \"The Japan Covers\", which consists of cover versions of J-pop songs, as well as a compilation entitled \"The Very Best", "So Far\".", "In February 2009, Wilkes-Krier claimed to have found a loophole in his contractual constraints allowing him to form his own record label, Skyscraper Music Maker, based in London and Manhattan.", "The label released \"DAMN!", "The Mixtape Vol. 1\" on May 25, 2009, a compilation of W.K.'s production work for Skyscraper Music Maker artists Bad Brilliance, Aleister X, and Cherie Lily, with music by New York producer, DJ B-Roc.", "Wilkes-Krier's fifth studio album \"55 Cadillac\" served as the label's second release.", "Recorded entirely by Wilkes-Krier and consisting of his spontaneous solo piano improvisations, the album was released on September 7, 2009.", "In a piece written to accompany the release of the album, he explained that the last decade had \"been so fraught with legal trouble\" that he began to suffer hallucinations, which inspired him to produce the album, and that successful negotiations had allowed him to start a new label and release \"55 Cadillac\", which he described as \"the sound of a piano being played by a free man – nothing more, nothing less.\"", "New negotiations were undertaken over the UK release of \"55 Cadillac\", as \"certain people [who] weren't credited because they weren't involved with the recording... had to be given credit,\" owing to previous contracts.", "Wilkes-Krier and his management settled by renaming Skyscraper Music Maker as Steev Mike, which the parties involved saw as a reasonable compromise.", "All prior complaints were dropped and Wilkes-Krier was then allowed to release the album worldwide.", "On September 9, Andrew W.K. released a Japan-only album entitled \"Gundam Rock\", consisting of covered music from the Gundam anime television series to celebrate its 30th anniversary in Japan; he had been approached by Japanese animation studio Sunrise Inc. to record the album following the success of \"The Japan Covers\".", "With all prior legal disputes over credit and naming settled, in March 2010 Andrew W.K. and the newly named Steev Mike label presented its first official release: a repackaged two-disc version of \"Close Calls with Brick Walls\" with a bonus disc of rare and unreleased material entitled \"Mother of Mankind\".", "To promote the set, Andrew W.K. joined the 2010 Warped Tour as a headlining act for the entire tour.", "A music video for the single \"I Want to See You Go Wild\" from \"Close Calls with Brick Walls\", directed by Peter Glantz, was released in June 2010.", "In March 2011, Andrew W.K. released a new EP entitled \"The \"Party All Goddamn Night\" EP\", which consists of five new tracks and two previously released singles.", "In September 2012, while attending a fan convention for \"My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic\", he expressed the possibility of recording a new album.", "In a Reddit \"Ask Me Anything\" thread in October 2014, Wilkes-Krier stated that while his other career ventures had kept him from releasing a new studio album, he was eager to record one: \"I've been stock-piling new songs for several years.", "I really want to make a new album as soon as possible.", "\"\nIn September 2017, W.K. announced that a new studio album would be set for release on March 2, 2018, via Sony Music.", "In November, he announced its title, \"You're Not Alone\", and shared its cover artwork.", "The album was released on March 2, 2018.", "In August 2018 he revealed to \"Riff Magazine\" that he had begun recording his next album.", "In October 2020, Andrew W.K. signed with Napalm Records and announced that he was working on a new album.", "The lead single \"Babalon\" was released on February 17, 2021.", "\"Babalon\" was announced via a Napalm Records press release and made available for limited pre-order on the Napalm Records and Andrew W.K. stores as a 7\" vinyl with the instrumental B-Side \"The Party Gods\".", "The release, limited to 393 copies, marked a departure from Andrew W.K.'s traditionally positive and uplifting themes, and features \"swinging drums and a sinister guitar riff open[ing] the track's hellish gates.", "\"\nOn May 6, 2021, Andrew W.K. announced that his sixth studio album, \"God Is Partying\", was to be released on September 10, 2021.", "Co-produced by long-time recording partner Ted Young, the nine-track album features W.K. performing all instruments.", "The announcement was accompanied by the release of a new single, \"I'm in Heaven\".", "On July 14, 2021, the video for \"Everybody Sins\" was released and features an appearance by Kat Dennings.", "In September 2021, the album \"God Is Partying\" was released alongside the single \"Stay True To Your Heart\".", "Shortly after the release of the album, W.K. delayed upcoming shows and deleted his website and social media pages with no explanation, his label also remaining quiet on what was happening.", "In 2005, Andrew announced that he would begin performing as a self-help, new age motivational speaker.", "He accepted invitations to speak at Yale University, New York University, the University of Wisconsin, Carnegie Mellon University, the Cooper Union, Missouri Western State University, and Northeastern University.", "During 2007, Andrew performed a series of unpredictable happenings as part of his \"One Man Show\" tour.", "Each event began with Andrew improvising on the piano alone on a stage before they frequently evolved into giant parties, with most of the audience dancing on stage with Andrew, themselves playing the piano and singing the lyrics.", "In March 2007, \"The New York Times\" put Andrew on the front page of its Arts section, in a feature article on Andrew's lectures.", "In 2008, Andrew's self-help work led to his second appearance as a sit-down guest on \"Late Night with Conan O'Brien\".", "In November 2008, \"Time\" magazine called him \"truly cute.\"\nIn June 2012, W.K. announced that he would be appearing at the \"My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic\" fan convention Canterlot Gardens.", "His appearance was announced as a motivational seminar on \"How to Party like Pinkie Pie\", based on one of the show's lead characters, Pinkie Pie.", "The appearance was featured in \"Rolling Stone\", and was co-hosted by musician and personality Klisk Midori.", "In June 2014, Andrew was announced to speak as a guest lecturer at the Oxford Union.", "W.K.'s keynote, titled \"Andrew W.K. and The Philosophy of Partying\", discussed his signature message of positive power and celebratory self-confidence.", "Regarding the lecture, Oxford's Nick Fowler said: \"In my opinion, Andrew is one of Rock N' Roll's great philosophers.\"", "And the Oxford University Rock Society offered their own statement: \"We've seen rock stars, we've seen brilliant public speakers, but rarely are they the same person, and rarely do they have as intriguing and broad a background as Andrew W.K.\"\nIn September 2014, Andrew gave a lecture on his philosophy of partying at Baltimore School for the Arts as part of The Contemporary museum's speaker series called \"CoHosts.\"", "In the same month, he also brought his Village Voice advice column, \"Ask Andrew W.K.,\" to life in an intimate setting at New York City nightclub, Santos Party House.", "In July 2016, Andrew announced \"The Power of Partying\" tour, his first nationwide speaking tour, spanning the entire country with stops in all 50 U.S. states.", "Each evening will be an intimate celebration of discussion, a pep rally for the inner spirit, and an optimistic look at the overwhelming intensity of life.", "The tour sees Andrew continuing his eternal mission to defend and promote human joy, and the never-ending collective search to find truth through partying.", "In February 2018, Andrew was named the Person of the Year by the American Association Of Suicidology.", "The AAS stated, \"The inaugural Person of the Year Award will be presented to Andrew W.K. due to his consistent and powerful use of positivity to improve the lives of those who hear his music.", "\"", "Andrew wrote a monthly column in FRONT Magazine in the UK.", "Andrew also wrote a monthly advice column in the Japanese magazine \"Rockin' On\", which ran for 10 years – from 2002 until 2012 – and resulted in a book of all the advice columns compiled, called \"I Will Change Your Life.\"\nIn September 2013, Andrew announced that his first book about partying, \"The Party Bible,\" will be published by Simon & Schuster.", "The announcement, first broken on The A.V. Club, is accompanied by a video of the \"Party Hard\" rock icon's physical and mental preparation for the literary task.", "In January 2014, The Village Voice announced a new weekly advice column from Andrew called \"Ask Andrew W.K.\"", "The column appeared in the print edition of the paper, as well as Village Voice online.", "On September 28, 2016, Vice Media announced a new weekly column from Andrew W.K. and published his first piece titled \"Andrew W.K. on Pressure.\"", "The column appeared on the Vice website with Andrew writing about a singular topic each week.", "Outside of his solo work, Andrew also performed with and produced music for the avant-garde ensemble To Live and Shave in L.A.", "He first appeared on the band's 2004 release \"God and Country Rally!\"", "He co-produced their 2006 studio album \"Noon and Eternity\", and appears on the group's other 2006 release, the \"chronological remix\" project \"Horoscopo: Sanatorio de Molière\".", "In late 2006, Andrew re-worked his song \"Fun Night\" into a theme song for the Arizona Sundogs, a hockey team.", "The song was titled \"Sundogs (It Just Got Hotter)\".", "The song \"Fun Night\" also appeared in the film \"Old School\" during one of the party scenes.", "Andrew was also a judge for the 5th and 10th annual Independent Music Awards to support independent artists' careers.", "On July 7, 2007, at 7:07 pm, Andrew appeared as one of the 77 drummers in the 77 Boadrum concert held at the Empire-Fulton Ferry State Park in Brooklyn, New York which was organized by Japanese noise rock group Boredoms.", "In September 2007 Andrew's piano playing was featured on a jazz fusion CD release \"électricité\" with Mike Pachelli on guitar, Rich Russo on drums, and Dennis Harding on bass for Los Angeles-based Fullblast Recordings (2007).", "Andrew has also performed and recorded electric bass guitar for the artist Baby Dee, whom he met while playing live as the bassist of Current 93.", "Andrew played bass and drums on Dee's \"Safe Inside the Day\" album, and performed with her group at a 2008 show Manhattan.", "He also produced and mixed Dee's 2011 album, \"Regifted Light\".", "Andrew has performed bass guitar with Current 93 at the Donau Festival in Krems, Austria in April 2007, the UK All Tomorrow's Parties festival in May 2007, and their European tour in April 2008.", "On Friday, December 5, 2008, an Andrew W.K. fan named Dominic Owen Mallary died after an accident while his band Last Lights performed at Boston University.", "Dominic had always said that he wanted to have Andrew W.K. play during his funeral.", "After several friends of Dominic emailed him, Andrew came to the wake, and played classical piano for the entire time after paying his respects.", "Andrew formed the group The Brill Sisters with guitarist Matt Sweeney and producer Don Fleming.", "They played their first show (without Fleming) at Santos Party House on April 2, 2009.", "The entire group performed together on April 21, 2009.", "Andrew has collaborated with Canada's Nardwuar the Human Serviette and his band The Evaporators to record the split 7-inch A Wild Pear, released in 2009.", "They worked together again on a pair of tracks for The Evaporators' 2012 album Busy Doing Nothing.", "In 2012, it was believed that the United States State Department had named W.K. the U.S. Cultural Ambassador to Bahrain.", "In reality, he had been merely asked to speak at the Embassy as part of a cultural speakers program, an invitation which, upon further reflection, was repealed \"because it did not meet the standards of the State Department.\"", "Andrew set a world record for Longest Drum Session in a Retail Store at the MTV O Music Awards on Thursday, June 20, 2013, after drumming non-stop for 24 hours.", "On Thursday, June 12, 2014, Andrew co-hosted the Relentless Kerrang!", "Awards alongside Scott Ian of Anthrax.", "The event was held at East London's Troxy.", "Andrew also made an appearance as himself in the Cyanide and Happiness show.", "Most recently, he appeared as a fictional version of himself, \"Intern Andrew W.K.,\" in a live show for Welcome to Night Vale, entitled \"The Librarian\".", "Andrew is featured on \"Nekrogoblikon's\" album titled \"Heavy Meta\" released on June 2, 2015.", "Andrew appeared on Ken Reid's \"TV Guidance Counselor\" podcast on December 11, 2015.", "Andrew played the role of the character known as \"Redeye\" in the game \"Fallout 4\" in the Nuka-World DLC.", "Andrew has made multiple appearances on MTV, MTV2, and VH1, hosting shows such as \"The Most Outrageous Frontmen\", with Johnny Knoxville and \"Backstage Pass\" at the Warped Tour.", "Andrew was the focus of a televised live performance at Cleveland's Rock 'N' Roll Hall of Fame, broadcast on MTV.", "He's also made appearances on the shows, \"I Love The 90's\", \"I Love The New Millennium\", \"Black to the Future\", \"I Love The Holidays\", \"The Great Debate\", \"Best Week Ever\" and \"The Osbournes\".", "Andrew was also featured on a popular MTV show called \"Crashing With Andrew W.K.\", which documented Andrew's visit to a girl's dorm at North Carolina Central University.", "In 2004, Andrew had a television show on MTV2 titled \"Your Friend, Andrew W.K.\".", "In the series, fans would write letters to Andrew, asking for his help.", "Andrew would pick certain letters and go to visit them.", "The series lasted for 11 episodes, each about 9 or 10 minutes in length.", "During the filming of the show, Andrew was in a car crash but sustained no serious injuries.", "Andrew has performed on TV shows such as \"Late Night with Conan O'Brien\", \"Last Call with Carson Daly\", \"Saturday Night Live\", and the \"Spike TV Video Game Awards\".", "His most recent performance was with Bonnie 'Prince' Billy on \"Late Night with Conan O'Brien\".", "He had a cameo in the show \"Aqua Teen Hunger Force\", singing \"Party Party Party\", a song that combines elements of multiple previous Andrew W.K. songs.", "The song was released on \"Aqua Teen Hunger Force Colon Movie Film for Theaters the Soundtrack\".", "Andrew's only confirmed movie role is in \"Punk Rock Holocaust\", playing himself.", "Andrew was also featured on the finale of the third season of \"Kathy Griffin:", "My Life on the D-List\" as Kathy's date in New York.", "The two attended one of Andrew's performance art shows.", "\"Late Night with Conan O'Brien\" has twice featured Andrew as a sit-down interview guest—the first in 2003 to speak about the \"Your Friend, Andrew W.K.\" show, and then again in 2007, to speak about his motivational performance tours.", "Andrew was a frequent guest on the Fox News late-night program, \"Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld\".", "Andrew has also been a featured interviewer and guest on \"The Daily Show\".", "In 2011, he appeared in A Day to Remember's video for \"All I Want.\"", "Andrew also appears on the vocal-instructional DVD \"The Zen of Screaming\".", "Cartoon Network also used Andrew W.K. in a music video about the network's new live-action shows.", "The song and video, \"Hearing What I Say\" (adapted from Andrew's 2006 song, \"Not Going to Bed\") aired extensively on Cartoon Network and was available on YouTube.", "Later the clip was replaced by another bumper.", "In 2011, Andrew was part of a pyrotechnic stunt with motocross superstar Robbie Maddison performing a backflip on his motorcycle while Andrew presented the event for Cartoon Network's Hall of Game Awards.", "Andrew presented Cartoon Network's live-action show Destroy Build Destroy.", "Andrew had a cameo on Cartoon Network's \"Mad\", in the episode \"Kung Fu Blander / Destroy Bob the Builder Destroy,\" which spoofed only \"Bob the Builder\" In 2014, Andrew appeared on Fuse TV's \"Insane Clown Posse Theater\" with Insane Clown Posse.", "Andrew also starred in \"Lil BUB's Special Special\" on Animal Planet alongside Lil Bub herself and Amy Sedaris.", "The TV special premiered on Saturday, February 8 at 9:00 pm right after the \"Too Cute\" show.", "Andrew's trip to a safari park is the subject of the documentary film, \"Party Safari\" (2014), by Nik Box & Chris Hines.", "In August 2014, Andrew hosted his own show on Kerrang!", "TV called \"Andrew W.K.'s Party Hard 100\" in which he counted down some of the most party videos on Earth.", "Andrew also guest co-hosted six episodes of Pivot's \"TakePart Live\" alongside Meghan McCain and Jacob Soboroff.", "Andrew appeared as a guest on \"The SDR Show\" with Ralph Sutton and Big Jay Oakerson.", "He has also made a comeback to Cartoon Network in late March on Pete Browngart's animated series \"Uncle Grandpa\" as himself hosting a party alongside Pizza Steve and Mr. Gus in the episode, \"Shower Party.\"", "In addition to producing his own music on the albums \"I Get Wet\", \"The Wolf\", \"Close Calls with Brick Walls\", and \"You're Not Alone\", Andrew has produced and mixed music for other artists as well as working on special commercial music projects.", "These include the production of music exclusively for commercial use on television and radio.", "In 2008, Andrew gained new notoriety for recording a song called \"The McLaughlin Groove\", based on an exchange between Pat Buchanan and John McLaughlin on the political television show \"The McLaughlin Group\".", "The song was commissioned by the Public Radio International show \"Fair Game\", on which Andrew has appeared for interviews.", "In 2004, Andrew recorded a television jingle for Kit Kat candy bars, and rewrote their trademark \"Give Me A Break\" slogan into a new song.", "The recording appeared in a variety of 30-second, 45-second, and 1 minute commercials, broadcast on television worldwide.", "\"I avoided working with other people for many years, partly out of paranoia, and partly out of an earnest desire to stand on my own.", "After a while, I got tired of thinking that way, and it just seemed natural to do the opposite of what I had done before.", "I like making music with other people.", "I can still make music by myself too.\".", "Andrew's earliest external production work was with the group Wolf Eyes, on their now out-of-print 12-inch EP \"Fortune Dove\".", "The last track on that album, \"What Kind of Band?\" features Andrew W.K. on vocals explaining why he enjoys listening to Wolf Eyes.", "Since then, he's chosen to work on a select and seemingly random set of projects, beginning with production and mixing on the album, \"Through The Panama\", by Brooklyn, NY based three-piece art rock band, Sightings.", "The album was jointly released by Load Records and Thurston Moore's Ecstatic Peace! label in October 2007.", "At the end of 2007, Andrew accepted an invitation to produce a new album, \"Repentance\", for veteran reggae artist Lee \"Scratch\" Perry.", "The two had met when Andrew interviewed Perry for DirecTV.", "\"Repentance\" was nominated for \"Best Reggae Album\" in the 2009 Grammy Awards.", "On February 20, 2008, Andrew released an exclusive ringtone commissioned by Universal Music Japan for the Japanese mobile phone market.", "The song is called, \"Sonna no Kankei Ne Rock\", which celebrates a then popular catch-phrase by a TV Talent, \"Sonna no Kankei Ne, Hai Oppappi!\"", "This translates to, \"I Don't Give A Damn, Yes Oppappi!\"", "The ringtone was first announced on a Japanese national T.V. program called \"Music Station\" and had over 3,500 downloads that day.", "Cumulative sales of ringtone are over 20,000.", "Andrew's song debuted at No.1 in Label Mobile's International daily ringtone chart.", "Label Mobile is the biggest mobile retailer in Japan.", "In the spring of 2008, Andrew and three partners opened a multi-level nightclub and live concert hall in downtown Manhattan, New York City.", "The venue was named Santos Party House, and featured of dance floor and concert facilities, and over 150 loud-speakers.", "The space was designed for disco dancing and live music.", "It was one of the few new venues in New York City to be granted a liquor license and a cabaret license.", "The cabaret license means people can legally dance until 4 am.", "Santos Party House received numerous awards, including The People's Choice Award for Best Night Club, Best New Club, Best DJ Night (from \"Paper Magazine\"), Best New Dance Floor (from \"The Village Voice\"), and many more.", "In May 2009, Wilkes-Krier and his work with Santos was the subject of an extensive four-page article in \"New York Magazine\".", "In 2010, the Zagat Survey rated Santos Party House the \"Top Dance Club\" in all of New York City.", "Santos Party House's last night of operation was May 29, 2016.", "On April 28, 2015, W.K. announced a new radio show called \"America W.K.\" on TheBlaze Radio Network, the new show will be a two-hour Saturday program focusing on \"what it is to be alive—meaning, motivation, mind set, and making dreams come true, all included in a celebration of life itself—and all with a positive and honest outlook\".", "In November 2004, W.K.'s official website was hacked with threats of blackmail from someone who claimed to have co-created Andrew W.K.'s persona, and demanded to be included in the production of the third album, claiming to be \"Steev Mike\".", "W.K. responded stating, \"Please don't believe Steev Mike.", "I used to call myself Steev Mike a long time ago and it's nothing now.", "Someone is trying to confuse you and make me look bad.", "\"\nIn subsequent years, W.K. denied various theories accusing him of being a fake entity, declaring himself to be \"a real person who thinks for himself\" and \"not the victim of anyone or group of people trying to influence my career or life\".", "He clarified that \"the nature of how we presented my initial offerings caused some confusion, even though I tried to make it as straightforward as possible...", "Different people I've worked with and different parts of my back story have gotten twisted and changed.", "But I made the music on my albums – I had a lot of help from incredible people, but not the kind of help that some people think.", "\"\nIn September 2009, W.K. acknowledged legal disputes around his name: \"At the end of 2004, an old friend of mine got in some business trouble and basically decided to take it out on me... they were able to turn my life and career upside down.", "I wasn't allowed to use my own name within certain areas...", "This made my life complicated and intense for a few years, but I kept working and doing whatever I could to keep moving forward.", "\"", "W.K. is known for his long hair and wearing a usually dirty all white outfit, consisting of a white t-shirt, white jeans, black digital watch and sneakers.", "The album artwork for \"I Get Wet\" featured a photo of Andrew with a bloody nose and this image is used frequently in his merchandise and persona.", "W.K. has six tattoos, all of which are straight lines on his arms.", "In 2011, Kesha gave Andrew a line tattoo with a pen and a safety pin that resulted in an infection.", "Andrew W.K. previously lived in Midtown Manhattan but left in 2006 or 2007, \"bouncing between short-term situations\" in other locations outside New York.", "He married Cherie Lily on October 4, 2008, in a traditional Persian wedding ceremony at Santos Party House, a nightclub in Chinatown that W.K. co", "-", "owned.", "They met through their mutual heavy-metal voice instructor, and Lily performed with W.K.'s band as a vocalist and hypewoman from 2006 until 2018.", "W.K. has two children but keeps them out of the public eye.", "In May 2021, W.K. announced via a press release that he and his ex-wife Cherie had begun amicable divorce proceedings in late 2019.", "He also confirmed that he was dating actress Kat Dennings, after the two met in Los Angeles in early 2021.", "A week later, on May 13, 2021, the couple announced their engagement on Instagram.", "<onlyinclude>\n</onlyinclude>" ]
Early life
[ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 ]
[ "Raised in Michigan, Wilkes-Krier began his musical career in the mid-1990s." ]
Andrew W.K.
[ "Andrew Wilkes-Krier was born in Stanford, California, and grew up in Ann Arbor, Michigan.", "His father is Professor James E. Krier, a legal scholar at the University of Michigan Law School and co-author of the widely used Dukeminier & Krier Property casebook.", "His mother is Wendy Wilkes.", "His younger brother, Patrick, was a golf pro and is now a golf coach in Michigan.", "At the age of 4, Wilkes-Krier began learning piano at the University of Michigan School of Music.", "He has recalled early family trips to Midnight Mass as having had an enormous impact on his love for music.", "He was dubbed Andrew W.K. by an elementary school teacher to differentiate him from his classmates Andrew Cohen and Andrew Gilchrist.", "He later attended the private college preparatory Greenhills School for middle school before attending the alternative Community High School from 1993 to 1997, where he continued to study piano and keyboard.", "In 1993, at the age of 14, he joined the band Slam, later to be called Reverse Polarity.", "In 1996, a song recorded by W.K. entitled \"Mr. Surprise\" was included on \"Plant the Flower Seeds\", a compilation by the Ypsilanti, Michigan-based record label Westside Audio Laboratories, marking his first publicly-released recording.", "Over the next five years, W.K. would play in a number of Detroit-based punk rock and heavy metal bands, including The Pterodactyls; Lab Lobotomy; Music Band; Mr. Velocity Hopkins; playing drums in grindcore metal band, Kathode; in addition to forming the noise rock project Ancient Art of Boar, later known as AAB, which served as an outlet for his early solo material.", "In 1998, W.K. moved from Michigan to New York City, where he worked as a bubblegum machine salesman, an opera ticket salesman, a fashion photographer, a window decorator at the Bergdorf Goodman department store, a milkshake maker and waiter for a Mexican restaurant and in the offices of avant-garde fashion company Comme des Garçons, among other short-lived jobs.", "He ended the AAB project and began recording new solo material under his full \"Andrew Wilkes-Krier\" name; the year saw the release of a cassette-only single entitled \"Room to Breathe\" on Hanson Records.", "A follow-up release entitled \"You Are What You Eat\" was scrapped when the master recordings went missing.", "W.K. also recorded the soundtrack for an independent film named \"Poltergeist\" made by Aaron Dilloway and himself, one track of which appeared on the Hanson Records compilation \"Labyrinths & Jokes\".", "In 1999, he moved to Seffner, Florida, to start building his live band with drummer Donald \"D.T.\" Tardy, of death metal band Obituary.", "In March 2000, Wilkes-Krier released his first EP, \"Girls Own Juice\", also abbreviated as \"AWKGOJ\", on Bulb Records, his first solo release under the moniker Andrew W.K. (he had first been credited as \"Andrew W.K.\" on a remix entitled \"Wolf Eyes Rules (What Kinda Band?)\" for the noise rock band Wolf Eyes).", "\"Girls Own Juice\" introduced his hard rock-influenced musical style and experimental tendencies, described as \"Judas Priest mixed with Sparks\" by Magas, a collaborator of W.K.'s.", "The release increased buzz for W.K., centered around his \"hedonistic, so-dumb-it's-smart rawk.\"", "He continued to build his reputation by performing various solo gigs in the New York and other East Coast areas.", "Wilkes-Krier and his then manager Matt Sweeney later shipped out a number of Andrew W.K. demo tapes, each accompanied by a handwritten letter.", "One tape reached alternative rock musician Dave Grohl; impressed, Grohl offered Andrew W.K. a slot opening for his band Foo Fighters at a concert in San Francisco, which he accepted.", "Another tape reached The Island Def Jam Music Group executive Lewis Largent, who liked the demos enough to attend an Andrew W.K. gig at the Mercury Lounge, where Largent was impressed by how W.K. \"won over every last person in the audience.\"", "Wilkes-Krier reacted with surprise to Island's interest in him, and despite his manager urging him not to accept his very first offer, W.K. was eager to begin work with Island.", "\"Girls Own Juice\" was followed by another Bulb Records EP entitled \"Party Til You Puke\" in October 2000.", "Following the release of \"Party Til You Puke\", Andrew W.K. left Bulb Records amicably to sign with Island Records.\nW.K.'s major-label debut studio album, \"I Get Wet\", was released on November 13, 2001, on Island Records.", "Continuing the sound established by his previous Bulb Records EPs, \"I Get Wet\" is characterized by its metal and punk rock influences and lyrical content revolving around partying.", "The album is known for its cover art, a photograph by Roe Ethridge of Andrew W.K. with a stream of blood running from his nose onto his chin and neck, which generated minor controversy in Europe after it was seen to represent cocaine abuse; W.K. reportedly achieved the effect by striking himself in the face with a brick during the photo shoot, and subsequently supplementing his own blood with some of an animal obtained from a butcher's shop.", "\"I Get Wet\" earned positive press from publications such as \"NME\" and \"Kerrang!\" and featured two UK hit singles, \"Party Hard\" and \"She Is Beautiful\", also rising to the top spot on \"Billboard\"s Top Heatseekers albums chart.", "At the same time, W.K. also developed a reputation for his highly energetic live shows.", "Andrew W.K. joined Ozzy Osbourne's Ozzfest that summer, and a number of \"I Get Wet\"s tracks, such as \"Party Hard\", \"It's Time to Party\", and \"Fun Night\" were licensed for use in various video games, films, TV series, and commercials.", "In 2002, W.K., Gibson Goodness and Alec Rominger re-recorded his song \"We Want Fun\" from \"AWKGOJ\" for the soundtrack of \"Jackass: The Movie\"; an accompanying music video was also produced, filmed and directed by Jeff Tremaine with additional camera work by Spike Jonze.", "By September 2018, the album had sold 267,000 copies in the US.", "In late 2003, W.K. released his second studio album \"The Wolf\".", "In contrast to \"I Get Wet\", which was recorded by W.K. with his live band, \"The Wolf\" featured W.K. playing all instruments, with heavy use of overdubbing of these instrument sections in production.", "The album spawned the singles \"Tear It Up\" and \"Never Let Down\" in the United States, while the song \"Long Live the Party\" was a minor hit in Japan.", "The single \"Tear It Up\" was included as menu music in the video-game Nascar Thunder TM 2004.", "Despite earning Andrew W.K.'s highest chart position ever at #61 on the Billboard 200, it fell off after only a week, and three months after its release the album had only sold 36,098 copies.", "On tour for \"The Wolf\", W.K. was injured on stage and broke his foot.", "After the concert, he signed autographs from the ambulance.", "Not wanting to let his fans down, he performed the remainder of the tour in a wheelchair.", "Though \"Close Calls with Brick Walls\" failed to see wide release in 2006, W.K. continued to be active, releasing a live concert DVD entitled \"Who Knows?\"", "in February that year and presenting five screenings of the film in New York and Hollywood.", "In March 2006, during an episode of Sex Pistols guitarist Steve Jones' radio show \"Jonesy's Jukebox\", W.K. debuted a new song entitled \"I'm a Vagabond\".", "On November 26, 2008, under Universal Music Group, he released his fourth studio album, \"The Japan Covers\", which consists of cover versions of J-pop songs, as well as a compilation entitled \"The Very Best", "So Far\".", "In February 2009, Wilkes-Krier claimed to have found a loophole in his contractual constraints allowing him to form his own record label, Skyscraper Music Maker, based in London and Manhattan.", "The label released \"DAMN!", "The Mixtape Vol. 1\" on May 25, 2009, a compilation of W.K.'s production work for Skyscraper Music Maker artists Bad Brilliance, Aleister X, and Cherie Lily, with music by New York producer, DJ B-Roc.", "Wilkes-Krier's fifth studio album \"55 Cadillac\" served as the label's second release.", "Recorded entirely by Wilkes-Krier and consisting of his spontaneous solo piano improvisations, the album was released on September 7, 2009.", "In a piece written to accompany the release of the album, he explained that the last decade had \"been so fraught with legal trouble\" that he began to suffer hallucinations, which inspired him to produce the album, and that successful negotiations had allowed him to start a new label and release \"55 Cadillac\", which he described as \"the sound of a piano being played by a free man – nothing more, nothing less.\"", "New negotiations were undertaken over the UK release of \"55 Cadillac\", as \"certain people [who] weren't credited because they weren't involved with the recording... had to be given credit,\" owing to previous contracts.", "Wilkes-Krier and his management settled by renaming Skyscraper Music Maker as Steev Mike, which the parties involved saw as a reasonable compromise.", "All prior complaints were dropped and Wilkes-Krier was then allowed to release the album worldwide.", "On September 9, Andrew W.K. released a Japan-only album entitled \"Gundam Rock\", consisting of covered music from the Gundam anime television series to celebrate its 30th anniversary in Japan; he had been approached by Japanese animation studio Sunrise Inc. to record the album following the success of \"The Japan Covers\".", "With all prior legal disputes over credit and naming settled, in March 2010 Andrew W.K. and the newly named Steev Mike label presented its first official release: a repackaged two-disc version of \"Close Calls with Brick Walls\" with a bonus disc of rare and unreleased material entitled \"Mother of Mankind\".", "To promote the set, Andrew W.K. joined the 2010 Warped Tour as a headlining act for the entire tour.", "A music video for the single \"I Want to See You Go Wild\" from \"Close Calls with Brick Walls\", directed by Peter Glantz, was released in June 2010.", "In March 2011, Andrew W.K. released a new EP entitled \"The \"Party All Goddamn Night\" EP\", which consists of five new tracks and two previously released singles.", "In September 2012, while attending a fan convention for \"My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic\", he expressed the possibility of recording a new album.", "In a Reddit \"Ask Me Anything\" thread in October 2014, Wilkes-Krier stated that while his other career ventures had kept him from releasing a new studio album, he was eager to record one: \"I've been stock-piling new songs for several years.", "I really want to make a new album as soon as possible.", "\"\nIn September 2017, W.K. announced that a new studio album would be set for release on March 2, 2018, via Sony Music.", "In November, he announced its title, \"You're Not Alone\", and shared its cover artwork.", "The album was released on March 2, 2018.", "In August 2018 he revealed to \"Riff Magazine\" that he had begun recording his next album.", "In October 2020, Andrew W.K. signed with Napalm Records and announced that he was working on a new album.", "The lead single \"Babalon\" was released on February 17, 2021.", "\"Babalon\" was announced via a Napalm Records press release and made available for limited pre-order on the Napalm Records and Andrew W.K. stores as a 7\" vinyl with the instrumental B-Side \"The Party Gods\".", "The release, limited to 393 copies, marked a departure from Andrew W.K.'s traditionally positive and uplifting themes, and features \"swinging drums and a sinister guitar riff open[ing] the track's hellish gates.", "\"\nOn May 6, 2021, Andrew W.K. announced that his sixth studio album, \"God Is Partying\", was to be released on September 10, 2021.", "Co-produced by long-time recording partner Ted Young, the nine-track album features W.K. performing all instruments.", "The announcement was accompanied by the release of a new single, \"I'm in Heaven\".", "On July 14, 2021, the video for \"Everybody Sins\" was released and features an appearance by Kat Dennings.", "In September 2021, the album \"God Is Partying\" was released alongside the single \"Stay True To Your Heart\".", "Shortly after the release of the album, W.K. delayed upcoming shows and deleted his website and social media pages with no explanation, his label also remaining quiet on what was happening.", "In 2005, Andrew announced that he would begin performing as a self-help, new age motivational speaker.", "He accepted invitations to speak at Yale University, New York University, the University of Wisconsin, Carnegie Mellon University, the Cooper Union, Missouri Western State University, and Northeastern University.", "During 2007, Andrew performed a series of unpredictable happenings as part of his \"One Man Show\" tour.", "Each event began with Andrew improvising on the piano alone on a stage before they frequently evolved into giant parties, with most of the audience dancing on stage with Andrew, themselves playing the piano and singing the lyrics.", "In March 2007, \"The New York Times\" put Andrew on the front page of its Arts section, in a feature article on Andrew's lectures.", "In 2008, Andrew's self-help work led to his second appearance as a sit-down guest on \"Late Night with Conan O'Brien\".", "In November 2008, \"Time\" magazine called him \"truly cute.\"\nIn June 2012, W.K. announced that he would be appearing at the \"My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic\" fan convention Canterlot Gardens.", "His appearance was announced as a motivational seminar on \"How to Party like Pinkie Pie\", based on one of the show's lead characters, Pinkie Pie.", "The appearance was featured in \"Rolling Stone\", and was co-hosted by musician and personality Klisk Midori.", "In June 2014, Andrew was announced to speak as a guest lecturer at the Oxford Union.", "W.K.'s keynote, titled \"Andrew W.K. and The Philosophy of Partying\", discussed his signature message of positive power and celebratory self-confidence.", "Regarding the lecture, Oxford's Nick Fowler said: \"In my opinion, Andrew is one of Rock N' Roll's great philosophers.\"", "And the Oxford University Rock Society offered their own statement: \"We've seen rock stars, we've seen brilliant public speakers, but rarely are they the same person, and rarely do they have as intriguing and broad a background as Andrew W.K.\"\nIn September 2014, Andrew gave a lecture on his philosophy of partying at Baltimore School for the Arts as part of The Contemporary museum's speaker series called \"CoHosts.\"", "In the same month, he also brought his Village Voice advice column, \"Ask Andrew W.K.,\" to life in an intimate setting at New York City nightclub, Santos Party House.", "In July 2016, Andrew announced \"The Power of Partying\" tour, his first nationwide speaking tour, spanning the entire country with stops in all 50 U.S. states.", "Each evening will be an intimate celebration of discussion, a pep rally for the inner spirit, and an optimistic look at the overwhelming intensity of life.", "The tour sees Andrew continuing his eternal mission to defend and promote human joy, and the never-ending collective search to find truth through partying.", "In February 2018, Andrew was named the Person of the Year by the American Association Of Suicidology.", "The AAS stated, \"The inaugural Person of the Year Award will be presented to Andrew W.K. due to his consistent and powerful use of positivity to improve the lives of those who hear his music.", "\"", "Andrew wrote a monthly column in FRONT Magazine in the UK.", "Andrew also wrote a monthly advice column in the Japanese magazine \"Rockin' On\", which ran for 10 years – from 2002 until 2012 – and resulted in a book of all the advice columns compiled, called \"I Will Change Your Life.\"\nIn September 2013, Andrew announced that his first book about partying, \"The Party Bible,\" will be published by Simon & Schuster.", "The announcement, first broken on The A.V. Club, is accompanied by a video of the \"Party Hard\" rock icon's physical and mental preparation for the literary task.", "In January 2014, The Village Voice announced a new weekly advice column from Andrew called \"Ask Andrew W.K.\"", "The column appeared in the print edition of the paper, as well as Village Voice online.", "On September 28, 2016, Vice Media announced a new weekly column from Andrew W.K. and published his first piece titled \"Andrew W.K. on Pressure.\"", "The column appeared on the Vice website with Andrew writing about a singular topic each week.", "Outside of his solo work, Andrew also performed with and produced music for the avant-garde ensemble To Live and Shave in L.A.", "He first appeared on the band's 2004 release \"God and Country Rally!\"", "He co-produced their 2006 studio album \"Noon and Eternity\", and appears on the group's other 2006 release, the \"chronological remix\" project \"Horoscopo: Sanatorio de Molière\".", "In late 2006, Andrew re-worked his song \"Fun Night\" into a theme song for the Arizona Sundogs, a hockey team.", "The song was titled \"Sundogs (It Just Got Hotter)\".", "The song \"Fun Night\" also appeared in the film \"Old School\" during one of the party scenes.", "Andrew was also a judge for the 5th and 10th annual Independent Music Awards to support independent artists' careers.", "On July 7, 2007, at 7:07 pm, Andrew appeared as one of the 77 drummers in the 77 Boadrum concert held at the Empire-Fulton Ferry State Park in Brooklyn, New York which was organized by Japanese noise rock group Boredoms.", "In September 2007 Andrew's piano playing was featured on a jazz fusion CD release \"électricité\" with Mike Pachelli on guitar, Rich Russo on drums, and Dennis Harding on bass for Los Angeles-based Fullblast Recordings (2007).", "Andrew has also performed and recorded electric bass guitar for the artist Baby Dee, whom he met while playing live as the bassist of Current 93.", "Andrew played bass and drums on Dee's \"Safe Inside the Day\" album, and performed with her group at a 2008 show Manhattan.", "He also produced and mixed Dee's 2011 album, \"Regifted Light\".", "Andrew has performed bass guitar with Current 93 at the Donau Festival in Krems, Austria in April 2007, the UK All Tomorrow's Parties festival in May 2007, and their European tour in April 2008.", "On Friday, December 5, 2008, an Andrew W.K. fan named Dominic Owen Mallary died after an accident while his band Last Lights performed at Boston University.", "Dominic had always said that he wanted to have Andrew W.K. play during his funeral.", "After several friends of Dominic emailed him, Andrew came to the wake, and played classical piano for the entire time after paying his respects.", "Andrew formed the group The Brill Sisters with guitarist Matt Sweeney and producer Don Fleming.", "They played their first show (without Fleming) at Santos Party House on April 2, 2009.", "The entire group performed together on April 21, 2009.", "Andrew has collaborated with Canada's Nardwuar the Human Serviette and his band The Evaporators to record the split 7-inch A Wild Pear, released in 2009.", "They worked together again on a pair of tracks for The Evaporators' 2012 album Busy Doing Nothing.", "In 2012, it was believed that the United States State Department had named W.K. the U.S. Cultural Ambassador to Bahrain.", "In reality, he had been merely asked to speak at the Embassy as part of a cultural speakers program, an invitation which, upon further reflection, was repealed \"because it did not meet the standards of the State Department.\"", "Andrew set a world record for Longest Drum Session in a Retail Store at the MTV O Music Awards on Thursday, June 20, 2013, after drumming non-stop for 24 hours.", "On Thursday, June 12, 2014, Andrew co-hosted the Relentless Kerrang!", "Awards alongside Scott Ian of Anthrax.", "The event was held at East London's Troxy.", "Andrew also made an appearance as himself in the Cyanide and Happiness show.", "Most recently, he appeared as a fictional version of himself, \"Intern Andrew W.K.,\" in a live show for Welcome to Night Vale, entitled \"The Librarian\".", "Andrew is featured on \"Nekrogoblikon's\" album titled \"Heavy Meta\" released on June 2, 2015.", "Andrew appeared on Ken Reid's \"TV Guidance Counselor\" podcast on December 11, 2015.", "Andrew played the role of the character known as \"Redeye\" in the game \"Fallout 4\" in the Nuka-World DLC.", "Andrew has made multiple appearances on MTV, MTV2, and VH1, hosting shows such as \"The Most Outrageous Frontmen\", with Johnny Knoxville and \"Backstage Pass\" at the Warped Tour.", "Andrew was the focus of a televised live performance at Cleveland's Rock 'N' Roll Hall of Fame, broadcast on MTV.", "He's also made appearances on the shows, \"I Love The 90's\", \"I Love The New Millennium\", \"Black to the Future\", \"I Love The Holidays\", \"The Great Debate\", \"Best Week Ever\" and \"The Osbournes\".", "Andrew was also featured on a popular MTV show called \"Crashing With Andrew W.K.\", which documented Andrew's visit to a girl's dorm at North Carolina Central University.", "In 2004, Andrew had a television show on MTV2 titled \"Your Friend, Andrew W.K.\".", "In the series, fans would write letters to Andrew, asking for his help.", "Andrew would pick certain letters and go to visit them.", "The series lasted for 11 episodes, each about 9 or 10 minutes in length.", "During the filming of the show, Andrew was in a car crash but sustained no serious injuries.", "Andrew has performed on TV shows such as \"Late Night with Conan O'Brien\", \"Last Call with Carson Daly\", \"Saturday Night Live\", and the \"Spike TV Video Game Awards\".", "His most recent performance was with Bonnie 'Prince' Billy on \"Late Night with Conan O'Brien\".", "He had a cameo in the show \"Aqua Teen Hunger Force\", singing \"Party Party Party\", a song that combines elements of multiple previous Andrew W.K. songs.", "The song was released on \"Aqua Teen Hunger Force Colon Movie Film for Theaters the Soundtrack\".", "Andrew's only confirmed movie role is in \"Punk Rock Holocaust\", playing himself.", "Andrew was also featured on the finale of the third season of \"Kathy Griffin:", "My Life on the D-List\" as Kathy's date in New York.", "The two attended one of Andrew's performance art shows.", "\"Late Night with Conan O'Brien\" has twice featured Andrew as a sit-down interview guest—the first in 2003 to speak about the \"Your Friend, Andrew W.K.\" show, and then again in 2007, to speak about his motivational performance tours.", "Andrew was a frequent guest on the Fox News late-night program, \"Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld\".", "Andrew has also been a featured interviewer and guest on \"The Daily Show\".", "In 2011, he appeared in A Day to Remember's video for \"All I Want.\"", "Andrew also appears on the vocal-instructional DVD \"The Zen of Screaming\".", "Cartoon Network also used Andrew W.K. in a music video about the network's new live-action shows.", "The song and video, \"Hearing What I Say\" (adapted from Andrew's 2006 song, \"Not Going to Bed\") aired extensively on Cartoon Network and was available on YouTube.", "Later the clip was replaced by another bumper.", "In 2011, Andrew was part of a pyrotechnic stunt with motocross superstar Robbie Maddison performing a backflip on his motorcycle while Andrew presented the event for Cartoon Network's Hall of Game Awards.", "Andrew presented Cartoon Network's live-action show Destroy Build Destroy.", "Andrew had a cameo on Cartoon Network's \"Mad\", in the episode \"Kung Fu Blander / Destroy Bob the Builder Destroy,\" which spoofed only \"Bob the Builder\" In 2014, Andrew appeared on Fuse TV's \"Insane Clown Posse Theater\" with Insane Clown Posse.", "Andrew also starred in \"Lil BUB's Special Special\" on Animal Planet alongside Lil Bub herself and Amy Sedaris.", "The TV special premiered on Saturday, February 8 at 9:00 pm right after the \"Too Cute\" show.", "Andrew's trip to a safari park is the subject of the documentary film, \"Party Safari\" (2014), by Nik Box & Chris Hines.", "In August 2014, Andrew hosted his own show on Kerrang!", "TV called \"Andrew W.K.'s Party Hard 100\" in which he counted down some of the most party videos on Earth.", "Andrew also guest co-hosted six episodes of Pivot's \"TakePart Live\" alongside Meghan McCain and Jacob Soboroff.", "Andrew appeared as a guest on \"The SDR Show\" with Ralph Sutton and Big Jay Oakerson.", "He has also made a comeback to Cartoon Network in late March on Pete Browngart's animated series \"Uncle Grandpa\" as himself hosting a party alongside Pizza Steve and Mr. Gus in the episode, \"Shower Party.\"", "In addition to producing his own music on the albums \"I Get Wet\", \"The Wolf\", \"Close Calls with Brick Walls\", and \"You're Not Alone\", Andrew has produced and mixed music for other artists as well as working on special commercial music projects.", "These include the production of music exclusively for commercial use on television and radio.", "In 2008, Andrew gained new notoriety for recording a song called \"The McLaughlin Groove\", based on an exchange between Pat Buchanan and John McLaughlin on the political television show \"The McLaughlin Group\".", "The song was commissioned by the Public Radio International show \"Fair Game\", on which Andrew has appeared for interviews.", "In 2004, Andrew recorded a television jingle for Kit Kat candy bars, and rewrote their trademark \"Give Me A Break\" slogan into a new song.", "The recording appeared in a variety of 30-second, 45-second, and 1 minute commercials, broadcast on television worldwide.", "\"I avoided working with other people for many years, partly out of paranoia, and partly out of an earnest desire to stand on my own.", "After a while, I got tired of thinking that way, and it just seemed natural to do the opposite of what I had done before.", "I like making music with other people.", "I can still make music by myself too.\".", "Andrew's earliest external production work was with the group Wolf Eyes, on their now out-of-print 12-inch EP \"Fortune Dove\".", "The last track on that album, \"What Kind of Band?\" features Andrew W.K. on vocals explaining why he enjoys listening to Wolf Eyes.", "Since then, he's chosen to work on a select and seemingly random set of projects, beginning with production and mixing on the album, \"Through The Panama\", by Brooklyn, NY based three-piece art rock band, Sightings.", "The album was jointly released by Load Records and Thurston Moore's Ecstatic Peace! label in October 2007.", "At the end of 2007, Andrew accepted an invitation to produce a new album, \"Repentance\", for veteran reggae artist Lee \"Scratch\" Perry.", "The two had met when Andrew interviewed Perry for DirecTV.", "\"Repentance\" was nominated for \"Best Reggae Album\" in the 2009 Grammy Awards.", "On February 20, 2008, Andrew released an exclusive ringtone commissioned by Universal Music Japan for the Japanese mobile phone market.", "The song is called, \"Sonna no Kankei Ne Rock\", which celebrates a then popular catch-phrase by a TV Talent, \"Sonna no Kankei Ne, Hai Oppappi!\"", "This translates to, \"I Don't Give A Damn, Yes Oppappi!\"", "The ringtone was first announced on a Japanese national T.V. program called \"Music Station\" and had over 3,500 downloads that day.", "Cumulative sales of ringtone are over 20,000.", "Andrew's song debuted at No.1 in Label Mobile's International daily ringtone chart.", "Label Mobile is the biggest mobile retailer in Japan.", "In the spring of 2008, Andrew and three partners opened a multi-level nightclub and live concert hall in downtown Manhattan, New York City.", "The venue was named Santos Party House, and featured of dance floor and concert facilities, and over 150 loud-speakers.", "The space was designed for disco dancing and live music.", "It was one of the few new venues in New York City to be granted a liquor license and a cabaret license.", "The cabaret license means people can legally dance until 4 am.", "Santos Party House received numerous awards, including The People's Choice Award for Best Night Club, Best New Club, Best DJ Night (from \"Paper Magazine\"), Best New Dance Floor (from \"The Village Voice\"), and many more.", "In May 2009, Wilkes-Krier and his work with Santos was the subject of an extensive four-page article in \"New York Magazine\".", "In 2010, the Zagat Survey rated Santos Party House the \"Top Dance Club\" in all of New York City.", "Santos Party House's last night of operation was May 29, 2016.", "On April 28, 2015, W.K. announced a new radio show called \"America W.K.\" on TheBlaze Radio Network, the new show will be a two-hour Saturday program focusing on \"what it is to be alive—meaning, motivation, mind set, and making dreams come true, all included in a celebration of life itself—and all with a positive and honest outlook\".", "In November 2004, W.K.'s official website was hacked with threats of blackmail from someone who claimed to have co-created Andrew W.K.'s persona, and demanded to be included in the production of the third album, claiming to be \"Steev Mike\".", "W.K. responded stating, \"Please don't believe Steev Mike.", "I used to call myself Steev Mike a long time ago and it's nothing now.", "Someone is trying to confuse you and make me look bad.", "\"\nIn subsequent years, W.K. denied various theories accusing him of being a fake entity, declaring himself to be \"a real person who thinks for himself\" and \"not the victim of anyone or group of people trying to influence my career or life\".", "He clarified that \"the nature of how we presented my initial offerings caused some confusion, even though I tried to make it as straightforward as possible...", "Different people I've worked with and different parts of my back story have gotten twisted and changed.", "But I made the music on my albums – I had a lot of help from incredible people, but not the kind of help that some people think.", "\"\nIn September 2009, W.K. acknowledged legal disputes around his name: \"At the end of 2004, an old friend of mine got in some business trouble and basically decided to take it out on me... they were able to turn my life and career upside down.", "I wasn't allowed to use my own name within certain areas...", "This made my life complicated and intense for a few years, but I kept working and doing whatever I could to keep moving forward.", "\"", "W.K. is known for his long hair and wearing a usually dirty all white outfit, consisting of a white t-shirt, white jeans, black digital watch and sneakers.", "The album artwork for \"I Get Wet\" featured a photo of Andrew with a bloody nose and this image is used frequently in his merchandise and persona.", "W.K. has six tattoos, all of which are straight lines on his arms.", "In 2011, Kesha gave Andrew a line tattoo with a pen and a safety pin that resulted in an infection.", "Andrew W.K. previously lived in Midtown Manhattan but left in 2006 or 2007, \"bouncing between short-term situations\" in other locations outside New York.", "He married Cherie Lily on October 4, 2008, in a traditional Persian wedding ceremony at Santos Party House, a nightclub in Chinatown that W.K. co", "-", "owned.", "They met through their mutual heavy-metal voice instructor, and Lily performed with W.K.'s band as a vocalist and hypewoman from 2006 until 2018.", "W.K. has two children but keeps them out of the public eye.", "In May 2021, W.K. announced via a press release that he and his ex-wife Cherie had begun amicable divorce proceedings in late 2019.", "He also confirmed that he was dating actress Kat Dennings, after the two met in Los Angeles in early 2021.", "A week later, on May 13, 2021, the couple announced their engagement on Instagram.", "<onlyinclude>\n</onlyinclude>" ]
Music career
[ 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76 ]
[ "Andrew Fetterly Wilkes-Krier (born May 9, 1979), known professionally as Andrew W.K., is an American conceptual performance artist, rock singer, multi-instrumentalist, record producer and actor.", "He performed in a number of local bands before eventually moving to New York, where he produced his first recordings under the Andrew W.K. moniker.", "After gaining initial attention with the 2000 EP \"Girls Own Juice\", Wilkes-Krier rose to prominence with the release of his debut studio album \"I Get Wet\" in November 2001.", "In the years following its release, Wilkes-Krier has undertaken a number of other musical and non-musical ventures including television and radio work, motivational speaking, and writing." ]

Dataset Card for OASum Dataset

The OASum Dataset is an English-language dataset containing over 3.6M document, aspect, and summary triplets.

Dataset Usage

You can directly download it with huggingface datasets.

from datasets import load_dataset

dataset = load_dataset("kqsong/OASum")

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

For each instance, there is a list of strings for the document, a list of strings for the summary, a string for the document title, a string for the aspect and a list of indices for the sentences in the corresponding section.

{
"title": "Ker's WingHouse Bar & Grill",
"document":[
  "After Clearwater, Florida chicken wing pioneering restaurant chain Hooters began rapidly expanding, Florida based, Canadian-born restaurant entrepreneur Ed Burnett saw the opportunity.",
  "Burnett secured the rights to a closed restaurant (\"Knockers\") and opened \"The WingHouse\" restaurant at 7369 Ulmerton Road, Largo, Florida, a high traffic corridor.",
  "He strategically selected the restaurant in between where people work (commercial real estate) and live (residential real estate), to appeal to the local lunch crowd and family dining crowd.",
  "This flagship location proved to be a success soon after launching and is the model that the chain expanded on.",
  "Burnett, looking to expand to additional locations, accepted a financing partner (Crawford Ker) during this time frame, to open additional locations and beyond.",
  "Burnett's goal was to open 20 to 50 locations, and then sell the chain to a larger restaurant chain or investors.",
  "Burnett would ultimately regret his choice of investor.","In 1992, Ker retired from the NFL and took a job selling cars at a local dealer.",
  "In 1994, he invested half interest in a Largo, Florida wing restaurant called, \"Wing House\" that imitated Hooters.",
  "The restaurant was always The Wing House, and the atmosphere was always toned down to make it more family friendly.",
  "The restaurant did well and two additional locations were opened in the Tampa Bay area in the following three years.",
  "Ker won a $1.2-million jury award from Hooters in late 2004, which had sued him for trademark violations for allegedly using their uniforms and decor.",
  "After a three-week trial in which lawyers discussed hula hoops, surfboards, scrunchy socks, pantyhose, and something called \"vicarious sexual recreation\", the jury ruled that no trademark infringement existed and Hooters was penalized for their frivolous lawsuit.",
  "Hooters appealed the decision, but in June, 2006, the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Atlanta upheld the verdict.",
  "As of 2007, the company had 1,700 employees at 22 locations with revenue of nearly $60 million.",
  "Ker attended, and the company participated in, the 2007 National Buffalo Wing Festival and placed first in the \"traditional x-hot sauce\" category and gained some national recognition.",
  "On June 4, 2008 the company announced the launch of its national franchise program.",
  "In mid-2008 the chain operated 19 locations in Florida and Texas and expected to add six franchises by the end of 2008, and 48 by 2011.",
  "The initial focus was for franchises in the Southeastern US.",
  "WingHouses feature several amenities that differ from other wing restaurants, including Hooters.",
  "There is a full liquor bar in every store, sports memorabilia line the walls instead of NASCAR and most locations include a game room.",
  "Super Bowl XLIII in Tampa, Florida attracted the rich and famous; WingHouse hosted three events to raise money for charity."
],
"aspect": "Opening",
"aspect_sents": [0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10],
"summary":[
  "WingHouse Bar & Grill (formerly Ker\u2019s WingHouse Bar & Grill) is a restaurant chain based in Florida, created and founded by Ed Burnett, a Canadian restaurant entrepreneur.",
  "After opening his first WingHouse location, Burnett sought out investors to open additional WingHouse locations.",
  "Burnett accepted investor Crawford Ker (a former National Football League player) to assist financing the expansion."
]
}

The average token count for the articles and the highlights are provided below:

Feature Mean Token Count
Document 1,612
Summary 40

Data Fields

  • title: a string, containing the original Wikipedia title.
  • document: a list of sentences, containing the original content in the Wikipedia sections except the first abstract section.
  • aspect: a string, containing the section name and its parent section names.
  • aspect_sents: a list of indices, representing the sentences in the aspect section.
  • summary: a list of sentences, the corresponding aspect-based summary for the document.

Data Splits

The OASum dataset has 3 splits: train, valid, and test. Below are the statistics for the Version 1.0.0 of the dataset.

Dataset Split Number of Instances in Split
Train 3,523,986
Validation 111,578
Test 112,005

Additional Information

Licensing Information

The OASum Dataset version 1.0.0 is released under the CC-BY-SA-3.0 License

Citation Information

@article{yang2022oasum,
  title={Oasum: Large-scale open domain aspect-based summarization},
  author={Yang, Xianjun and Song, Kaiqiang and Cho, Sangwoo and Wang, Xiaoyang and Pan, Xiaoman and Petzold, Linda and Yu, Dong},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:2212.09233},
  year={2022}
}
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