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producer South Africa
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Sunshine Polishing Cloth [add to your jewelry order
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dżem : time lapse,Aerial View of freeway busy city rush hour heavy traffic jam highway,shanghai Yanan East Road Overpass interchange,urban building.
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The supervisor: we must focus on the experience of Belarus in early voting
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image relating to Letter G Printable called Totally free Printable Letter G Producing Educate Worksheet for
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Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games<br /> Aled Davies (Wales) salutes the crowd after collecting his silver medal won in the Men's Para-Sport Discus Throw.<br /> Hampden Park<br /> 28.07.14<br /> ©Steve Pope-SPORTINGWALES
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High quality ALGM-2000 electromagnetic vibrating feeder embedding materials for automobiles with great price
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The world is new to us every morning – this is God’s gift; and every man should believe he is reborn each day. Baal Shem Tov Picture Quote
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Rustan's Filipiniana Our Very Own Medium Decorative Box with Mother of Pearl Inlay -
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Best Location in Sydney!!!
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David Zepeda, Ninel Conde. David Zepeda, right, and Ninel Conde present the new artist of the year award at the Latin American Music Awards, at the Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles
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Location of Baltimore in Fairfield County
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Yes I Do Have A Retirement Plan I Plan On Cruising Women Long Sleeved
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Discount Tough Cookie T-Shirt
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Himmel und Huhn - Ace in Action
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Residents took to the Stadacona Park tennis courts Wednesday afternoon. Victoria opened its tennis courts on May 14 followed by Oak Bay and Saanich on May 21. (Travis Paterson/News Staff
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A tattooed patron sipping a beer at the bar of Triple Rock Microbrewery, formerly know as Roaring Rock. Berkeley, California. MODEL RELEASED.
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Trust GXT 707R Resto Sedia Gaming Chair - Red
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Professional Natural Egg Yolk Yellow Food Colouring 50g ingredients
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Yale School of Medicine begins clinical trials for Moderna vaccine for patients 6 months to 12 years old
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11-16 F150 3.5L EcoBoost Accel Blue Supercoil 6-Pack
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Tighter British Control  King George III attempts to control colonies  Proclamation of 1763  Forbade colonists from moving west  Quartering Act (1764)  10,000 soldiers left from French & Indian war  Colonists required to provide housing  New taxes  Sugar act (1765)  Taxed sugar, molasses, & other products shipped to colonies  Stamp act (1766)  Required tax stamp on all legal & printed documents
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Country Time Lemonade Drink Mix, 19 oz Canister
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prom dresses with straps Trumpet/Mermaid Scoop Floor-length Chiffon Prom Dress/Evening Dress #MK040
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ONSITE SEWAGE MANAGEMENT APPROVAL
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Dreambox DM500 HD review
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Guta District District in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China
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Osmosis Beauty Lip Intensive
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University Christian's Sophia Kardatzke (30) delivers a pitch during pregame warmups in softball regionals. The UC ace began pitching for the varsity squad while still in middle school, a practice that could be in jeopardy if the FHSAA votes to restrict varsity play to ninth grade and up.
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Stacked logs, freshly logged spruce, hemlock and fir trees - p1100m2085148 by Mint Images
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bitva : Navy Seals Diver in the night, moonlight reflection on the water
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24 Pair 100mm JST Connectors plug 22awg silicone wire for RC
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Loch and Key by Seanan McGuire
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Skotnes was surprised to discover that the network companies themselves perceived the risk as relatively low. (Illustrative photo: Colourbox
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A road sign on the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, the location of the Quinn Cement manufacturing plant in Co. Cavan, the border cuts through the middle of the companies operations. (Photo by Brian Lawless/PA Images via Getty Images
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4. Single Family Home at Water View Restored 1890's Victorian Shelter Island Heights, NY 11965
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Dataset Card for COYO-700M

Dataset Summary

COYO-700M is a large-scale dataset that contains 747M image-text pairs as well as many other meta-attributes to increase the usability to train various models. Our dataset follows a similar strategy to previous vision-and-language datasets, collecting many informative pairs of alt-text and its associated image in HTML documents. We expect COYO to be used to train popular large-scale foundation models complementary to other similar datasets. For more details on the data acquisition process, please refer to the technical paper to be released later.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

We empirically validated the quality of COYO dataset by re-implementing popular models such as ALIGN, unCLIP, and ViT. We trained these models on COYO-700M or its subsets from scratch, achieving competitive performance to the reported numbers or generated samples in the original papers. Our pre-trained models and training codes will be released soon along with the technical paper.

Languages

The texts in the COYO-700M dataset consist of English.

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

Each instance in COYO-700M represents single image-text pair information with meta-attributes:

{
  'id': 841814333321,
  'url': 'https://blog.dogsof.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Image-from-iOS-5-e1614711641382.jpg',
  'text': 'A Pomsky dog sitting and smiling in field of orange flowers',
  'width': 1000,
  'height': 988,
  'image_phash': 'c9b6a7d8469c1959',
  'text_length': 59,
  'word_count': 11,
  'num_tokens_bert': 13,
  'num_tokens_gpt': 12,
  'num_faces': 0,
  'clip_similarity_vitb32': 0.4296875,
  'clip_similarity_vitl14': 0.35205078125,
  'nsfw_score_opennsfw2': 0.00031447410583496094,
  'nsfw_score_gantman': 0.03298913687467575,
  'watermark_score': 0.1014641746878624,
  'aesthetic_score_laion_v2': 5.435476303100586
}

Data Fields

name type description
id long Unique 64-bit integer ID generated by monotonically_increasing_id()
url string The image URL extracted from the src attribute of the <img> tag
text string The text extracted from the alt attribute of the <img> tag
width integer The width of the image
height integer The height of the image
image_phash string The perceptual hash(pHash) of the image
text_length integer The length of the text
word_count integer The number of words separated by spaces.
num_tokens_bert integer The number of tokens using BertTokenizer
num_tokens_gpt integer The number of tokens using GPT2TokenizerFast
num_faces integer The number of faces in the image detected by SCRFD
clip_similarity_vitb32 float The cosine similarity between text and image(ViT-B/32) embeddings by OpenAI CLIP
clip_similarity_vitl14 float The cosine similarity between text and image(ViT-L/14) embeddings by OpenAI CLIP
nsfw_score_opennsfw2 float The NSFW score of the image by OpenNSFW2
nsfw_score_gantman float The NSFW score of the image by GantMan/NSFW
watermark_score float The watermark probability of the image by our internal model
aesthetic_score_laion_v2 float The aesthetic score of the image by LAION-Aesthetics-Predictor-V2

Data Splits

Data was not split, since the evaluation was expected to be performed on more widely used downstream task(s).

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

Similar to most vision-and-language datasets, our primary goal in the data creation process is to collect many pairs of alt-text and image sources in HTML documents crawled from the web. Therefore, We attempted to eliminate uninformative images or texts with minimal cost and improve our dataset's usability by adding various meta-attributes. Users can use these meta-attributes to sample a subset from COYO-700M and use it to train the desired model. For instance, the num_faces attribute could be used to make a subset like COYO-Faces and develop a privacy-preserving generative model.

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

We collected about 10 billion pairs of alt-text and image sources in HTML documents in CommonCrawl from Oct. 2020 to Aug. 2021. and eliminated uninformative pairs through the image and/or text level filtering process with minimal cost.

Image Level

  • Included all image formats that Pillow library can decode. (JPEG, WEBP, PNG, BMP, ...)
  • Removed images less than 5KB image size.
  • Removed images with an aspect ratio greater than 3.0.
  • Removed images with min(width, height) < 200.
  • Removed images with a score of OpenNSFW2 or GantMan/NSFW higher than 0.5.
  • Removed all duplicate images based on the image pHash value from external public datasets.
    • ImageNet-1K/21K, Flickr-30K, MS-COCO, CC-3M, CC-12M

Text Level

  • Collected only English text using cld3.
  • Replaced consecutive whitespace characters with a single whitespace and removed the whitespace before and after the sentence. (e.g. "\n \n Load image into Gallery viewer, valentine&amp;#39;s day roses\n \n" → "Load image into Gallery viewer, valentine&amp;#39;s day roses")
  • Removed texts with a length of 5 or less.
  • Removed texts that do not have a noun form.
  • Removed texts with less than 3 words or more than 256 words and texts over 1000 in length.
  • Removed texts appearing more than 10 times. (e.g. “thumbnail for”, “image for”, “picture of”)
  • Removed texts containing NSFW words collected from profanity_filter, better_profanity, and google_twunter_lol.

Image-Text Level

  • Removed duplicated samples based on (image_phash, text). (Different text may exist for the same image URL.)

Who are the source language producers?

Common Crawl is the data source for COYO-700M.

Annotations

Annotation process

The dataset was built in a fully automated process that did not require human annotation.

Who are the annotators?

No human annotation

Personal and Sensitive Information

Disclaimer & Content Warning

The COYO dataset is recommended to be used for research purposes. Kakao Brain tried to construct a "Safe" dataset when building the COYO dataset. (See Data Filtering Section) Kakao Brain is constantly making efforts to create more "Safe" datasets. However, despite these efforts, this large-scale dataset was not hand-picked by humans to avoid the risk due to its very large size (over 700M). Keep in mind that the unscreened nature of the dataset means that the collected images can lead to strongly discomforting and disturbing content for humans. The COYO dataset may contain some inappropriate data, and any problems resulting from such data are the full responsibility of the user who used it. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that this dataset be used only for research, keeping this in mind when using the dataset, and Kakao Brain does not recommend using this dataset as it is without special processing to clear inappropriate data to create commercial products.

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

It will be described in a paper to be released soon.

Discussion of Biases

It will be described in a paper to be released soon.

Other Known Limitations

It will be described in a paper to be released soon.

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

COYO dataset was released as an open source in the hope that it will be helpful to many research institutes and startups for research purposes. We look forward to contacting us from various places who wish to cooperate with us.

coyo@kakaobrain.com

Licensing Information

License

The COYO dataset of Kakao Brain is licensed under CC-BY-4.0 License. The full license can be found in the LICENSE.cc-by-4.0 file. The dataset includes “Image URL” and “Text” collected from various sites by analyzing Common Crawl data, an open data web crawling project. The collected data (images and text) is subject to the license to which each content belongs.

Obligation to use

While Open Source may be free to use, that does not mean it is free of obligation. To determine whether your intended use of the COYO dataset is suitable for the CC-BY-4.0 license, please consider the license guide. If you violate the license, you may be subject to legal action such as the prohibition of use or claim for damages depending on the use.

Citation Information

If you apply this dataset to any project and research, please cite our code:

@misc{kakaobrain2022coyo-700m,
  title         = {COYO-700M: Image-Text Pair Dataset},
  author        = {Minwoo Byeon, Beomhee Park, Haecheon Kim, Sungjun Lee, Woonhyuk Baek, Saehoon Kim},
  year          = {2022},
  howpublished  = {\url{https://github.com/kakaobrain/coyo-dataset}},
}

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