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The dataset viewer is not available for this split.
Cannot load the dataset split (in streaming mode) to extract the first rows.
Error code:   StreamingRowsError
Exception:    FileNotFoundError
Message:      [Errno 2] No such file or directory: '/tmp/tmpy4py6gqa/NEMO-Corpus/data/spmrl/gold/morph_gold_train.bmes'
Traceback:    Traceback (most recent call last):
                File "/src/services/worker/src/worker/", line 327, in get_rows_or_raise
                  return get_rows(
                File "/src/services/worker/src/worker/", line 271, in decorator
                  return func(*args, **kwargs)
                File "/src/services/worker/src/worker/", line 307, in get_rows
                  rows_plus_one = list(itertools.islice(ds, rows_max_number + 1))
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/datasets/", line 937, in __iter__
                  for key, example in ex_iterable:
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/datasets/", line 113, in __iter__
                  yield from self.generate_examples_fn(**self.kwargs)
                File "/tmp/modules-cache/datasets_modules/datasets/imvladikon--nemo_corpus/7beeaf70f7f028c31ce8eed261f632fdb8a9f8f94aee14e5504f82473e7b635d/", line 249, in _generate_examples
                  yield from self._generate_examples_flat(filepath, sep)
                File "/tmp/modules-cache/datasets_modules/datasets/imvladikon--nemo_corpus/7beeaf70f7f028c31ce8eed261f632fdb8a9f8f94aee14e5504f82473e7b635d/", line 253, in _generate_examples_flat
                  with open(filepath, encoding="utf-8") as f:
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/datasets/", line 71, in wrapper
                  return function(*args, use_auth_token=use_auth_token, **kwargs)
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/datasets/download/", line 485, in xopen
                  return open(main_hop, mode, *args, **kwargs)
              FileNotFoundError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: '/tmp/tmpy4py6gqa/NEMO-Corpus/data/spmrl/gold/morph_gold_train.bmes'

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NEMO-Corpus - The Hebrew Named Entities and Morphology Corpus

Disclaimer: It's just a huggingface datasets convenient interface for research purpose which is fetching the original data from github. I'm not an author of this work.

from datasets import load_dataset

# the main corpus
ds = load_dataset('imvladikon/nemo_corpus')
for sample in ds["train"]:

# the nested corpus
ds = load_dataset('imvladikon/nemo_corpus', "nested")

Getting classes and encoding/decoding could be done through these functions:

idx2label = dataset["train"].features["ner_tags"].feature.int2str
label2idx = dataset["train"].features["ner_tags"].feature.str2int

or just use raw_tags field.


available fields (flat):

  • "id"
  • "sentence"
  • "tokens"
  • "raw_tags"
  • "ner_tags"
  • "spans"

Example of the one record for flat:

{'id': '0', 'tokens': ['"', 'תהיה', 'נקמה', 'ו', 'בגדול', '.'], 'sentence': '" תהיה נקמה ו בגדול .', 'raw_tags': ['O', 'O', 'O', 'O', 'O', 'O'], 'ner_tags': [24, 24, 24, 24, 24, 24], 'spans': {'span': [], 'start': [], 'end': [], 'entity': [], 'start_char': [], 'end_char': []}}

Example of the one record for nested:

{'id': '0', 'tokens': ['"', 'תהיה', 'נקמה', 'ו', 'בגדול', '.'], 'ner_tags': [24, 24, 24, 24, 24, 24], 'ner_tags_2': [24, 24, 24, 24, 24, 24], 'ner_tags_3': [24, 24, 24, 24, 24, 24], 'ner_tags_4': [24, 24, 24, 24, 24, 24]}

Dataset Description

it's of the original repository

Named Entity (NER) annotations of the Hebrew Treebank (Haaretz newspaper) corpus, including: morpheme and token level NER labels, nested mentions, and more.
We publish the NEMO corpus in the TACL paper "Neural Modeling for Named Entities and Morphology (NEMO2)" [1], where we use it in extensive experiments and analyses, showing the importance of morphological boundaries for neural modeling of NER in morphologically rich languages. Code for these models and experiments can be found in the NEMO code repo.

Main features:

  1. Morpheme, token-single and token-multi sequence labels. Morpheme labels provide exact boundaries, token-multi provide partial sub-word morphological but no exact boundaries, token-single provides only token-level information.
  2. All annotations are in BIOSE format (B=Begin, I=Inside, O=Outside, S=Singleton, E=End).
  3. Widely-used OntoNotes entity category set: GPE (geo-political entity), PER (person), LOC (location), ORG (organization), FAC (facility), EVE (event), WOA (work-of-art), ANG (language), DUC (product).
  4. NEMO includes NER annotations for the two major versions of the Hebrew Treebank, UD (Universal Dependency) and SPMRL. These can be aligned to the other morphosyntactic information layers of the treebank using bclm
  5. We provide nested mentions. Only the first, widest, layer is used in the NEMO2 paper. We invite you to take on this challenge!
  6. Guidelines used for annotation are provided here.
  7. Corpus was annotated by two native Hebrew speakers of academic education, and curated by the project manager. We provide the original annotations made by the annotators as well to promote work on learning with disagreements.
  8. Annotation was performed using WebAnno (version 3.4.5)

Legend for Files and Folder Structure

  1. The two main data folders are ud and spmrl, corresponding to the relevant Hebrew Treebank corpus version.
  2. Both contain a gold folder (spmrl/gold, ud/gold) of gold curated annotations.
  3. Each gold folder contains files of the three input-output variants (morph, token-multi, token-single), for each of the treebank splits (train,dev,test).
  4. Each gold folder also contains a nested subfolder (spmrl/nested, ud/nested), which contains all layers of nested mentions (the first layer is the layer used in the non-nested files, and in the NEMO2 paper [1])
  5. The ud folder also contains an ab_annotators folder. This folder contains the original annotations made by each annotator (named a, b), including first-layer and nested annotatations.
  6. *UPDATE 2021-09-06* ud folder now contains a pilot_annotations folder. This folder contains the original annotations made by each annotator in our two phase pilot (phase I - sentences 1-200 of dev; phase II - sentences 201-400 of dev).

Basic Corpus Statistics

train dev test
Sentences 4,937 500 706
Tokens 93,504 8,531 12,619
Morphemes 127,031 11,301 16,828
All mentions 6,282 499 932
Type: Person (PER) 2,128 193 267
Type: Organization (ORG) 2,043 119 408
Type: Geo-Political (GPE) 1,377 121 195
Type: Location (LOC) 331 28 41
Type: Facility (FAC) 163 12 11
Type: Work-of-Art (WOA) 114 9 6
Type: Event (EVE) 57 12 0
Type: Product (DUC) 36 2 3
Type: Language (ANG) 33 3 1

Aligned Treenbank Versions

The NEMO corpus matches the treebank version of bclm v.1.0.0. This version is based on the HTB UD v2.2 and the latest SPMRL HTB version. The changes contain (but might not be limited to the following):

  1. Flagged and dropped duplicate and leaking sentences (between train and test). In addition to the sentences already removed in the bclm v1.0.0 HTB version, the following duplicate sentences were dropped as well (SPMRL sentence IDs): 5438, 5444, 5445, 5446, 5448, 5449, 5450, 5451, 5453, 5459 (in the bclm dataframes, these are marked in the duplicate_sent_id column). To read the treebank (UD/SPMRL) in a way that matches the NEMO corpus, you can use the following:
import bclm
dropped = [5438, 5444, 5445, 5446, 5448, 5449, 5450, 5451, 5453, 5459]
spdf = bclm.read_dataframe('spmrl') # load SPMRL treebank dataframe
global_dropped = [spdf[spdf.sent_id==d].global_sent_id.iat[0] for d in dropped]
uddf = bclm.read_dataframe('ud')  # load UD treebank dataframe
uddf = uddf[(~uddf.global_sent_id.isin(global_dropped))] # remove extra duplicates 
spdf = spdf[(~spdf.sent_id.isin(dropped))] # remove extra duplicates
# The resulting dataframes contain gold morph NER labels in the `biose_layer0`, `biose_layer1`... columns.
  1. The UD treebank contains many more duplicates. In this version: all sentences exist in both UD and SPMRL versions, and all sentences and tokens are aligned between UD and SPMRL.
  2. Fixed numbers that were originally reversed.
  3. Fixed mismatches between tokens and morphemes.
  4. Added Binyan feature.
  5. No individual morphemes or tokens were added or removed, only complete sentences.


An evaluation script is provided in the NEMO code repo along with evaluation instructions.



If you use the NEMO corpus in your research, please cite the NEMO2 paper:

    author = {Bareket, Dan and Tsarfaty, Reut},
    title = "{Neural Modeling for Named Entities and Morphology (NEMO2)}",
    journal = {Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics},
    volume = {9},
    pages = {909-928},
    year = {2021},
    month = {09},
    abstract = "{Named Entity Recognition (NER) is a fundamental NLP task, commonly formulated as classification over a sequence of tokens. Morphologically rich languages (MRLs) pose a challenge to this basic formulation, as the boundaries of named entities do not necessarily coincide with token boundaries, rather, they respect morphological boundaries. To address NER in MRLs we then need to answer two fundamental questions, namely, what are the basic units to be labeled, and how can these units be detected and classified in realistic settings (i.e., where no gold morphology is available). We empirically investigate these questions on a novel NER benchmark, with parallel token- level and morpheme-level NER annotations, which we develop for Modern Hebrew, a morphologically rich-and-ambiguous language. Our results show that explicitly modeling morphological boundaries leads to improved NER performance, and that a novel hybrid architecture, in which NER precedes and prunes morphological decomposition, greatly outperforms the standard pipeline, where morphological decomposition strictly precedes NER, setting a new performance bar for both Hebrew NER and Hebrew morphological decomposition tasks.}",
    issn = {2307-387X},
    doi = {10.1162/tacl_a_00404},
    url = {\_a\_00404},
    eprint = {\_a\_00404/1962472/tacl\_a\_00404.pdf},

Please cite the Hebrew Treebank as well, described the following paper:

  title={Building a tree-bank of modern Hebrew text},
  author={Sima’an, Khalil and Itai, Alon and Winter, Yoad and Altman, Alon and Nativ, Noa},
  journal={Traitement Automatique des Langues},

The UD version of the Hebrew Treebank is described in:

    title = "The {H}ebrew {U}niversal {D}ependency Treebank: Past Present and Future",
    author = "Sade, Shoval  and
      Seker, Amit  and
      Tsarfaty, Reut",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Universal Dependencies ({UDW} 2018)",
    month = nov,
    year = "2018",
    address = "Brussels, Belgium",
    publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
    url = "",
    doi = "10.18653/v1/W18-6016",
    pages = "133--143",
    abstract = "The Hebrew treebank (HTB), consisting of 6221 morpho-syntactically annotated newspaper sentences, has been the only resource for training and validating statistical parsers and taggers for Hebrew, for almost two decades now. During these decades, the HTB has gone through a trajectory of automatic and semi-automatic conversions, until arriving at its UDv2 form. In this work we manually validate the UDv2 version of the HTB, and, according to our findings, we apply scheme changes that bring the UD HTB to the same theoretical grounds as the rest of UD. Our experimental parsing results with UDv2New confirm that improving the coherence and internal consistency of the UD HTB indeed leads to improved parsing performance. At the same time, our analysis demonstrates that there is more to be done at the point of intersection of UD with other linguistic processing layers, in particular, at the points where UD interfaces external morphological and lexical resources.",
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