question
stringlengths
24
100
sentence
stringlengths
1
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label
class label
2 classes
sentence_in_long_answer
bool
2 classes
short_answer_in_sentence
bool
2 classes
what is the use of fn key in mac
It is typically found on laptops due to their keyboard size restrictions .
0neg
false
false
when did the ipod 7th generation come out
Cupertino , California : Apple .
0neg
false
false
who dies in season 6 once upon a time
^ Jump up to : Abrams , Natalie ( August 5 , 2016 ) .
0neg
false
false
who was the first avatar ever in the last airbender
Jeremy Zuckerman and Benjamin Wynn composed the series ' music and sound ; they experimented with a wide range of instruments , including the guzheng , pipa , and duduk , to match the show 's Asia - influenced setting .
0neg
false
false
how many games do they need to win to win the world series
p. 21 .
0neg
false
false
when did rufus wainwright record across the universe
266 -- 67 Jump up ^ Sheff , p. 266 Jump up ^ Karimi , Faith .
0neg
false
false
two core functions of the world health organization (who) are
In 1977 , the first list of essential medicines was drawn up , and a year later the ambitious goal of `` health for all '' was declared .
0neg
false
false
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Boston Review .
0neg
false
false
how many english soldiers died in world war 2
Statistics published in Russia list civilian war losses 6,074,857 civilians killed reported by the Extraordinary State Commission in 1946 641,803 famine deaths during the siege of Leningrad according to official figures 58,000 killed in bombing raids ( 40,000 Stalingrad , 17,000 Leningrad and 1,000 Moscow ) and an additional 645,000 civilian reservists that were killed or captured are also included with civilian casualties .
0neg
false
false
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Wikipedia ® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation , Inc. , a non-profit organization .
0neg
false
false
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Managing heritage and cultural tourism resources : critical essays .
0neg
false
false
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Archived from the original on 12 June 2017 .
0neg
false
false
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18 and Frieza each defeat Sorrel ( ソレル , Soreru ) and Roselle .
0neg
false
false
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Accents of English : Vowel 3 : Beyond the British Isles .
0neg
false
false
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13 .
0neg
false
false
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Cecil focused on the administrative side , and proposed annual Council meetings and quadrennial meetings for the Assembly of all members .
0neg
false
false
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Archived from the original on September 6 , 2014 .
0neg
false
false
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In June 2010 , Marvel Studios hired Thomas Dean Donnelly and Joshua Oppenheimer to write Doctor Strange .
0neg
false
false
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Alice and Bill are worried by their friends ' disappearances , and they leave the main cabin to investigate , only to discover a bloody axe in Brenda 's bed , the phones disconnected , and the cars inoperable .
0neg
false
false
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However , following the World Cup , Azharuddin , who had an indifferent tournament , was sacked as captain and was dropped from the team too .
0neg
false
false
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Jump up ^ McPherson 1988 , p. 303 .
0neg
false
false
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The tree then asks , `` A little help ? ''
0neg
false
false
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Mac OS applications could be rewritten to run natively via the Carbon API ; many could also be run directly through the Classic Environment with a reduction in performance .
0neg
false
false
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Jump up ^ Topel , Fred ( September 12 , 2012 ) .
0neg
false
false
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Behich 81 ' ( o.g. )
0neg
false
false
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After the success of the 3D re-release of The Lion King , the film was reissued in 3D in 2012 .
0neg
false
false
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The amount , if any , awarded in the case , is deducted from this fund , and the remainder is divided equally between both litigants .
0neg
false
false
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We are three children , sitting under an elder bush .
0neg
false
false
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The four booth announcers called the 2007 season opening games from ESPN 's Bristol , Connecticut headquarters while watching games on monitors .
0neg
false
false
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IGN .
0neg
false
false
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Carrol Chandler 2007 - 11 - 30 !
0neg
false
false
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About Wikipedia
0neg
false
false
the main western economic alliance that developed in the early years of the cold war centered on the
Stalin and the Cold War in Europe .
0neg
false
false
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Jump up ^ `` Answers about the Statue of Liberty '' .
0neg
false
false
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A man made a god .
0neg
false
false
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http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10845672 Moorman , J.J. A Brief Notice of a Portion of a Work by William Burke , Entitled `` The Mineral Springs of Western Virginia '' : With Preliminary Remarks on the Relative Virtues of the Saline and Gaseous Contents of the White Sulphur Water .
0neg
false
false
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Keli McGregor had worked with the Rockies since their inception in 1993 , rising from senior director of operations to team president in 2002 , until his death on April 20 , 2010 .
0neg
false
false
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Election Commission of India .
0neg
false
false
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`` The Bubbler '' `` Le Bulleur '' Thomas Astruc Thomas Astruc Sébastien Thibaudeau 20 October 2015 ( 2015 - 10 - 20 ) 6 December 2015 109 1.40 It is Adrien 's birthday and Marinette is struggling to give him the present she made for him .
0neg
false
false
who does gandalf fight in the fellowship of the ring
In that same battle , he captures Húrin of Dor - lómin , who had slain his personal guard of Battle - trolls , and brings him to Angband .
0neg
false
false
who was king of england when the mayflower sailed
Jump up ^ Bradford listed 104 passengers , including William Button , a servant of Samuel Fuller , who died 5 days before landfall , Oceanus Hopkins , born at sea , Perigrine White , born two weeks after landfall , and two seaman hired for one year , William Trevor and one Ely .
0neg
false
false
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Jump up ^ Walthr , Matthew ( April 21 , 2014 ) .
0neg
false
false
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42 ( 1 ) : 189 -- 93 .
0neg
false
false
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Given Eon 's series led to a spy film craze at the time , Feldman opted to make his film a spoof of the Bond series instead of a straightforward adaptation .
0neg
false
false
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`` NBA Finals adjust up : Friday final ratings '' .
0neg
false
false
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Officer , Lawrence H. ( 2007 ) .
0neg
false
false
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b3884 .
0neg
false
false
in which year did the british shift india's capital from calcutta to delhi
Representing the State : Capital City Planning in the Early Twentieth Century ( 2003 ) 367pp ; compares New Delhi , Canberra , Washington & Berlin .
0neg
false
false
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Jump up ^ `` Who 's fat ?
0neg
false
false
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Rusty is married to Linda Everett , a police officer , and has two young daughters , Janelle and Judy .
0neg
false
false
who sang man of constant sorrow in the movie
English folk song collector Cecil Sharp collected four versions of the song in 1917 - 1918 as `` In Old Virginny '' , which were published in 1932 in English Folk Songs from the Southern Appalachians .
0neg
false
false
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Rec.
0neg
false
false
what is the name of capital of argentina
Mesopotamia , a subtropical wedge covering the western Paraná Plateau and neighboring lowlands enclosed by the Paraná and Uruguay rivers .
0neg
false
false
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`` Introducing the Xbox One Call of Duty : Advanced Warfare Bundle '' .
0neg
false
false
who was the city of houston named after
Retrieved February 18 , 2007 .
0neg
false
false
when is las vegas getting an nfl team
December 9 , 2016 .
0neg
false
false
how far is the star sirius from earth
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific .
0neg
false
false
what is the role of the default mode network
1316 ( 1 ) : 29 -- 52 .
0neg
false
false
who plays the woman in guardians of the galaxy
`` Under the Skin of `` Guardians of the Galaxy '' With Makeup FX Wizard David White `` .
0neg
false
false
what is the most current season of walking dead
`` Sunday cable ratings : Walking Dead rises with Glenn 's fate revealed , Into the Badlands down in week 2 '' .
0neg
false
false
when did we break the speed of sound
44 - 14134 ( Technical report ) .
0neg
false
false
who was president when the afghanistan war started
One of the MH - 47Es lost a wheel assembly after striking the compound wall in the scramble to extract the ground force .
0neg
false
false
when was national women's day first celebrated
March 9 , 1914 .
0neg
false
false
what is the purpose of the act and sat
281 -- 282 .
0neg
false
false
where did north korea test its nuclear weapons
Jump up ^ Buckley , Chris ( September 3 , 2017 ) .
0neg
false
false
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GB Times .
0neg
false
false
actor who plays the title role in the film black panther
^ Jump up to : Rubin , Rebecca ( March 25 , 2018 ) .
0neg
false
false
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The collapse is explained by the massive shift of the private sector from financial deficit into surplus or , in other words , from boom to bust . ''
0neg
false
false
how many scrabble tiles are in a game
Jump up ^ Voinov , Vitaly ( 2010 ) .
0neg
false
false
how many episodes in breaking bad season 3
The Morton Report .
0neg
false
false
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About 1,500 species of starfish occur on the seabed in all the world 's oceans , from the tropics to frigid polar waters .
0neg
false
false
what is the wavelength of a gravity wave
The effects of a passing gravitational wave , in an extremely exaggerated form , can be visualized by imagining a perfectly flat region of spacetime with a group of motionless test particles lying in a plane ( e.g. , the surface of a computer screen ) .
0neg
false
false
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Accessed 5 August 2014 .
0neg
false
false
integers that follow one another in order are called
`` Sequence A005132 ( Recamán 's sequence ) '' .
0neg
false
true
who won men's college basketball last year
Each winning university receives a rectangular , gold - plated trophy made of wood .
0neg
false
false
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White , Jim ( 2008 ) .
0neg
false
false
who invented the first telescope in the world
p. 74 .
0neg
false
false
where is handmaid's tale supposed to take place
The production was very well received and highly regarded .
0neg
false
false
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The film 's score was composed by Curtis Mayfield , and the soundtrack album by Aretha Franklin was a commercial success .
0neg
false
false
what region of the world is israel located
Jump up ^ Bassok , Moti ( 25 December 2006 ) .
0neg
false
false
who was heading the indian army during the bangladesh liberation war of 1970
Jump up ^ Singh , Sarbans ( 1993 ) .
0neg
false
false
an early leader in the fight for women’s suffrage was
Stanton and Anthony opposed its passage unless it was accompanied by another amendment that would prohibit the denial of suffrage because of sex .
0neg
false
false
when did the korean war became a stalemate
38 ( 1 ) : 133 -- 58 .
0neg
false
false
who came up with the tripartite theory of knowledge
Smith therefore ( justifiably ) concludes ( by the rule of disjunction introduction ) that `` Jones owns a Ford , or Brown is in Barcelona '' , even though Smith has no knowledge whatsoever about the location of Brown .
0neg
false
false
when was beijing made the capital of china
Genghis Khan believed the Jin was trying to rebuild military strength further south in breach of the terms of peace and decided to reinvade the Jin .
0neg
false
false
the first spanish colony in the new world was established by who
When Hernán Cortés landed ashore at present day Veracruz and founded the Spanish city there on April 22 , 1519 , marks the beginning of 300 years of Spanish hegemony over the region .
0neg
false
false
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Retrieved January 1 , 2010 .
0neg
false
false
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Lowry wrote that `` the show proves a good deal of fun '' and that `` Harris dives into his over-the - top character with considerable gusto . ''
0neg
false
false
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Booth calls off the wedding , but does not explain the real reason to Brennan .
0neg
false
false
where in london is the new american embassy
Associated Press .
0neg
false
false
where do the married to medicine woman live
42 12 `` Mariah the Party Crasher '' August 30 , 2015 ( 2015 - 08 - 30 ) 1.05 Heavenly is ready to launch her dating app ; Jill throws a wild Prohibition Party , and Simone proposes a trip to the Bahamas .
0neg
false
false
when did the first harry potter book get published
Salon.com.
0neg
false
false
when did ronaldo score his first hat trick
Jump up ^ `` Fans Can Get Best Out of Ronaldo '' .
0neg
false
false
who plays jane doe in grey's anatomy season 3
Sandra Oh portrayed Cristina Yang , who quickly develops as Meredith 's best friend , despite the continuous competition against the other interns .
0neg
false
false
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (
0neg
false
false
who performed the first successful heart bypass operation in 1964
82 ( 3 ) : 903 -- 12 .
0neg
false
false
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Tolls ( edit ) Tolls on the turnpike are an average of 6.7 cents per mile ( 4.2 ¢ / km ) for cars and other two - axle vehicles using SunPass .
0neg
false
false
when did england last get through to the quarter finals
France 1998 ( edit ) Main article : 1998 FIFA World Cup After missing out on the World Cup in 1994 , England , managed by Glenn Hoddle , qualified for the World Cup in France .
0neg
false
false
when was the constitution of united states ratified
September 8 Committee of Style and Arrangement , composed of Alexander Hamilton , William Johnson , Rufus King , James Madison , and Gouverneur Morris , is selected to distill a final draft constitution from the twenty - three approved articles .
0neg
false
false
the commodity that benefited most by the steam engine initially in the english empire was
1 Steamboat and Water Transport 5.4 Railroad 6 References Thomas Savery 's steam pump ( edit ) Main article : Thomas Savery The industrial use of steam power started with Thomas Savery in 1698 .
0neg
false
false

Dataset Card for "asnq"

Dataset Summary

ASNQ is a dataset for answer sentence selection derived from Google's Natural Questions (NQ) dataset (Kwiatkowski et al. 2019).

Each example contains a question, candidate sentence, label indicating whether or not the sentence answers the question, and two additional features -- sentence_in_long_answer and short_answer_in_sentence indicating whether ot not the candidate sentence is contained in the long_answer and if the short_answer is in the candidate sentence.

For more details please see https://arxiv.org/abs/1911.04118

and

https://research.google/pubs/pub47761/

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

More Information Needed

Languages

More Information Needed

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

default

  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 3.56 GB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 3.82 GB
  • Total amount of disk used: 7.39 GB

An example of 'validation' looks as follows.

{
    "label": 0,
    "question": "when did somewhere over the rainbow come out",
    "sentence": "In films and TV shows ( edit ) In the film Third Finger , Left Hand ( 1940 ) with Myrna Loy , Melvyn Douglas , and Raymond Walburn , the tune played throughout the film in short sequences .",
    "sentence_in_long_answer": false,
    "short_answer_in_sentence": false
}

Data Fields

The data fields are the same among all splits.

default

  • question: a string feature.
  • sentence: a string feature.
  • label: a classification label, with possible values including neg (0), pos (1).
  • sentence_in_long_answer: a bool feature.
  • short_answer_in_sentence: a bool feature.

Data Splits

name train validation
default 20377568 930062

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

More Information Needed

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

More Information Needed

Who are the source language producers?

More Information Needed

Annotations

Annotation process

More Information Needed

Who are the annotators?

More Information Needed

Personal and Sensitive Information

More Information Needed

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

More Information Needed

Discussion of Biases

More Information Needed

Other Known Limitations

More Information Needed

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

More Information Needed

Licensing Information

The data is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License: https://github.com/alexa/wqa_tanda/blob/master/LICENSE

Citation Information

@article{Garg_2020,
   title={TANDA: Transfer and Adapt Pre-Trained Transformer Models for Answer Sentence Selection},
   volume={34},
   ISSN={2159-5399},
   url={http://dx.doi.org/10.1609/AAAI.V34I05.6282},
   DOI={10.1609/aaai.v34i05.6282},
   number={05},
   journal={Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence},
   publisher={Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI)},
   author={Garg, Siddhant and Vu, Thuy and Moschitti, Alessandro},
   year={2020},
   month={Apr},
   pages={7780–7788}
}

Contributions

Thanks to @mkserge for adding this dataset.

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