Datasets:
ascent_kb

Task Categories: other
Languages: en
Multilinguality: monolingual
Size Categories: 1M<n<10M
Licenses: cc-by-4.0
Language Creators: found
Annotations Creators: found
Source Datasets: original
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arg1 (string)rel (string)arg2 (string)support (int)facets (json)source_sentences (json)
aa
/r/HasProperty
immunohistochemistry staining
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA can be identified by immunohistochemistry staining.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amyloidosis" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
inspire this sort of ardent devotion
1
[ { "value": "for 75 years", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "AA has been inspiring this sort of ardent devotion for 75 years.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
quasi-religious organization
1
[]
[ { "text": "As this tension is an integral part of AA, Rudy and Greil argue that AA is best described as a quasi-religious organization.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
suited for low-drain applications
1
[]
[ { "text": "AAA and AA are suited for low-drain applications whereas AA is used for high-drain applications.", "source": "https://www.batterypoweronline.com/markets/batteries/the-world-of-alkaline-batteries/" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
overhaul its 75-year-old formula
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA is obviously not about to overhaul its 75-year-old formula.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
grow to include two more groups
1
[ { "value": "by 1939.2", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "AA was founded by Bill Wilson and his physician, Doctor Bob Smith in 1935 and eventually grew to include two more groups by 1939.2 That same year, Wilson published Alcoholics Anonymous, a text which explained its philosophy and methods.2", "source": "https://www.alcohol.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
maintain a posture of moral legitimacy
1
[ { "value": "by condemning itself", "type": "MANNER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "And by condemning itself to poverty, AA maintained a posture of moral legitimacy.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/MadeOf
enough religious components
1
[]
[ { "text": "Though AA itself was not deemed a religion, it was ruled that it contained enough religious components (variously described in Griffin v. Coughlin below as, inter alia, \"religion\", \"religious activity\", \"religious exercise\") to make coerced attendance at AA meetings a violation of the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment of the constitution.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/ObjectUse
used for high-drain applications
1
[]
[ { "text": "AAA and AA are suited for low-drain applications whereas AA is used for high-drain applications.", "source": "https://www.batterypoweronline.com/markets/batteries/the-world-of-alkaline-batteries/" } ]
aa
/r/HasAspect
one other cardinal rule
1
[ { "value": "aside from the steps", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "Aside from the steps, AA has one other cardinal rule: anonymity.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
publish a variety of pamphlets
1
[ { "value": "for the incarcerated alcoholic", "type": "TRANSITIVE-OBJECT", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "In addition, AA publishes a variety of pamphlets specifically for the incarcerated alcoholic.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
aided by public admission
1
[ { "value": "by a cleveland indians catcher", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "AA boomed in the early 1940s, aided by a glowing Saturday Evening Post profile and the public admission by a Cleveland Indians catcher, Rollie Hemsley, that joining the organization had done wonders for his game.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
based upon total abstinence
1
[]
[ { "text": "But AA and NA are programs based upon total abstinence from mind- or mood-altering substances, and many members consider addiction and dependence synonymous.", "source": "https://slate.com/technology/2018/04/theres-a-new-12-step-group-for-people-in-recovery-who-are-prescribed-medications-like-methadone.html" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
welcome people of all faiths
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA welcomes people of all faiths, even atheists and agnostics, even though the program takes a spiritual approach to treatment.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
founded by his physician
1
[ { "value": "in 1935", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "AA was founded by Bill Wilson and his physician, Doctor Bob Smith in 1935 and eventually grew to include two more groups by 1939.2 That same year, Wilson published Alcoholics Anonymous, a text which explained its philosophy and methods.2", "source": "https://www.alcohol.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
receive 32% of its membership
1
[]
[ { "text": "The same survey showed that AA received 32% of its membership from other members, another 32% from treatment facilities, 30% were self-motivated to attend AA, 12% of its membership from court–ordered attendance, and only 1% of AA members decided to join based on information obtained from the Internet.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
collapse finding
1
[ { "value": "across many studies", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "I've been involved in a couple of meta-analyses of AA, which collapse the findings across many studies,\" Tonigan says.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
count 2,087,840 members
1
[ { "value": "in 2018", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 }, { "value": "worldwide", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "In 2018, AA counted 2,087,840 members and 120,300 AA groups worldwide.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
suspected on clinical grounds
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA is suspected on clinical grounds in individuals with longstanding infections or inflammatory diseases.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amyloidosis" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
play large role
1
[ { "value": "in the storylines of multiple characters", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 }, { "value": "in grey's anatomy", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "In Grey's Anatomy, AA plays a large role in the storylines of multiple characters.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
hire outside professional
1
[ { "value": "above the group level", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 }, { "value": "for services", "type": "PURPOSE", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "Above the group level, AA may hire outside professionals for services that require specialized expertise or full-time responsibilities.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
seek to avoid liability
1
[ { "value": "on the ground", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 }, { "value": "subsequently", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "AA subsequently sought to avoid liability on the ground that the insured had failed to disclose that she was suffering from cervical cancer.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_African_insurance_law" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
avoid the term disease
1
[ { "value": "usually", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "Though AA usually avoids the term \"disease\", 1973 conference-approved literature said \"we had the disease of alcoholism.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
boom in early 1940s
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA boomed in the early 1940s, aided by a glowing Saturday Evening Post profile and the public admission by a Cleveland Indians catcher, Rollie Hemsley, that joining the organization had done wonders for his game.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
count 120,300 aa groups
1
[ { "value": "in 2018", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 }, { "value": "worldwide", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "In 2018, AA counted 2,087,840 members and 120,300 AA groups worldwide.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
say the doctor's theory
1
[ { "value": "in presenting the doctor's postulate", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "In presenting the doctor's postulate AA said \"The doctor's theory that we have an allergy to alcohol interests us.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
grow to millions of members
1
[ { "value": "internationally", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "At the 1955 conference in St. Louis, Missouri, Wilson relinquished stewardship of AA to the General Service Conference, as AA grew to millions of members internationally.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
instruct its brokers
1
[ { "value": "to market the policy", "type": "PURPOSE", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "AA instructed its brokers to market the policy on this basis, and to sell it to applicants who were actively engaged in their usual occupations and fit enough to lead normal lives.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_African_insurance_law" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
advertise the policy
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA advertised the policy as including “free life cover [...] available free of medical evidence [...]", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_African_insurance_law" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
grow organization
1
[ { "value": "to", "type": "PURPOSE", "support": 1 }, { "value": "with more than 115,000 groups", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "Given the number of individuals struggling with or at risk for an AUD, it is understandable that AA has grown to what it is today—an organization with more than 115,000 groups worldwide.8", "source": "https://www.alcohol.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
self-supporting
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA is nonprofessional, self-supporting, and apolitical.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
welcome atheist
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA welcomes people of all faiths, even atheists and agnostics, even though the program takes a spiritual approach to treatment.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
organized by its members
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA is supported and organized by its members, and it operates independently of any outside funding.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
say the phrase
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA says it is \"not organized in the formal or political sense\", and Bill Wilson, borrowing the phrase from anarchist theorist Peter Kropotkin, called it a \"benign anarchy\".", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
become ingrained
1
[ { "value": "by that point", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 }, { "value": "in american culture", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "By that point, AA had become ingrained in American culture; even people who'd never touched a drop of liquor could name at least a few of the steps.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
offer special meetings
1
[ { "value": "for members", "type": "TRANSITIVE-OBJECT", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "In its earliest days, AA existed within the confines of the Oxford Group, offering special meetings for members who wished to end their dependence on alcohol.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
served by alcoholic
1
[ { "value": "entirely", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "AA is served entirely by alcoholics, except for seven \"nonalcoholic friends of the fellowship\" of the 21-member AA Board of Trustees.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
become ubiquitous
1
[ { "value": "despite the fact", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "And Wilson's success is even more impressive when you consider that AA and its steps have become ubiquitous despite the fact that no one is quite sure how—", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
receive proceed
1
[ { "value": "from literature", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 }, { "value": "from books", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "AA receives proceeds from books and literature that constitute more than 50% of the income for its General Service Office.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
term
1
[]
[ { "text": "However, arrangements in the UK were also called 'anti-aircraft', abbreviated as AA, a term that remained in general use into the 1950s.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-aircraft_warfare" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
free
1
[]
[ { "text": "If you try to randomly assign people to AA, you have a problem, because AA is free and is available all over the place,\" says Alcohol Research Group's Kaskutas.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasAspect
positive impact
1
[ { "value": "on a person’s transition", "type": "TRANSITIVE-OBJECT", "support": 1 }, { "value": "into sobriety", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "Another study suggests that AA can have a positive impact on a person’s transition into sobriety.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
nonprofessional
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA is nonprofessional, self-supporting, and apolitical.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
use many methods
1
[]
[ { "text": "One review of AA warned of detrimental iatrogenic effects of twelve-step philosophy and concluded that AA uses many methods that are also used by cults.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
available
1
[ { "value": "over the place", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "If you try to randomly assign people to AA, you have a problem, because AA is free and is available all over the place,\" says Alcohol Research Group's Kaskutas.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
address this risk
1
[ { "value": "with the eighth and ninth steps", "type": "MANNER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "AA addresses this risk with the eighth and ninth steps, which require alcoholics to make amends to people they've wronged.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
enigma
1
[ { "value": "always", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "The problem is so vexing, in fact, that addiction professionals have largely accepted that AA itself will always be an enigma.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
open
1
[ { "value": "to all people", "type": "TRANSITIVE-OBJECT", "support": 1 }, { "value": "regardless of age", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "AA is open to all people regardless of age, gender or ethnicity.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/AtLocation
june
1
[]
[ { "text": "It was in June 1935, amid the gloom of the Great Depression, that a failed stockbroker and reformed lush named Bill Wilson founded the organization after meeting God in a hospital room.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
no miracle cure
1
[ { "value": "certainly", "type": "MANNER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "Yet a growing body of evidence suggests that while AA is certainly no miracle cure, people who become deeply involved in the program usually do well over the long haul.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
occur
1
[ { "value": "in the west", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "In the west, AA is more likely to occur from autoimmune inflammatory states.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amyloidosis" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
difficult to study
1
[ { "value": "notoriously", "type": "MANNER", "support": 1 }, { "value": "thanks to its insistence", "type": "CAUSE", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "The organization is notoriously difficult to study, thanks to its insistence on anonymity and its fluid membership.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
describe alcoholism
1
[ { "value": "as an illness", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "AA describes alcoholism as an illness that involves a physical allergy:28 (where \"allergy\" has a different meaning than that used in modern medicine.) and a mental obsession.:23", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholism" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
apolitical
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA is nonprofessional, self-supporting, and apolitical.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
founded by bill wilson
1
[ { "value": "in 1935", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "AA was founded by Bill Wilson and his physician, Doctor Bob Smith in 1935 and eventually grew to include two more groups by 1939.2 That same year, Wilson published Alcoholics Anonymous, a text which explained its philosophy and methods.2", "source": "https://www.alcohol.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
program
1
[]
[ { "text": "But AA and NA are programs based upon total abstinence from mind- or mood-altering substances, and many members consider addiction and dependence synonymous.", "source": "https://slate.com/technology/2018/04/theres-a-new-12-step-group-for-people-in-recovery-who-are-prescribed-medications-like-methadone.html" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
waive any right
1
[]
[ { "text": "The court held that AA had waived any right which it had to have the insured's state of health disclosed.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_African_insurance_law" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
transformative
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA doesn't work for everybody, but when it does, it can be transformative.", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
founded in akron
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA was founded in 1935 in Akron, Ohio when one alcoholic, Bill Wilson, talked to another alcoholic, Bob Smith, about the nature of alcoholism and a possible solution.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
welcome agnostic
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA welcomes people of all faiths, even atheists and agnostics, even though the program takes a spiritual approach to treatment.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/CapableOf
welcome people
1
[]
[ { "text": "However, AA is an organization specifically for alcoholics, though open 12 step meetings welcome people struggling with any kind of substance abuse problem.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
beneficial
1
[ { "value": "for many but not all individuals", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "They generally all come to the same conclusion, which is that AA is beneficial for many but not all individuals, and that the benefit is modest but significant ...", "source": "https://www.wired.com/2010/06/ff-alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
penlight-size
1
[]
[ { "text": "NiMH batteries are commonly available in AA (penlight-size) batteries.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nickel%E2%80%93metal_hydride_battery" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
ruled
1
[]
[ { "text": "Though AA itself was not deemed a religion, it was ruled that it contained enough religious components (variously described in Griffin v. Coughlin below as, inter alia, \"religion\", \"religious activity\", \"religious exercise\") to make coerced attendance at AA meetings a violation of the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment of the constitution.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/HasAspect
pamphlet
1
[]
[ { "text": "While AA has pamphlets that suggest meeting formats, groups have the autonomy to hold and conduct meetings as they wish \"except in matters affecting other groups or AA as a whole\".", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
effective
1
[]
[ { "text": "The research also found that AA was effective at helping agnostics and atheists become sober.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
organization
1
[ { "value": "for alcoholics", "type": "TRANSITIVE-OBJECT", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "However, AA is an organization specifically for alcoholics, though open 12 step meetings welcome people struggling with any kind of substance abuse problem.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
founded
1
[]
[ { "text": "While it's true that the 12 Steps were originally based on the principles of a spiritual organization, the world isn't the same as it was in 1935 when AA and the 12 Step program was founded.", "source": "https://www.hazeldenbettyford.org/articles/twelve-steps-of-alcoholics-anonymous" } ]
aa
/r/HasProperty
supported
1
[]
[ { "text": "AA is supported and organized by its members, and it operates independently of any outside funding.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa's program
/r/HasProperty
aimed at american indian youth
1
[]
[ { "text": "This comprehensive program, operated by the Northwest Area Indian Health Board, is aimed at American Indian youth.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/demographics-recovery/native-americans/" } ]
aa's program
/r/CapableOf
certify the c-17 globemaster iii
1
[ { "value": "to use the fuel", "type": "PURPOSE", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "With the B-52 now approved to use the FT blend, the USAF will use the test protocols developed during the program to certify the C-17 Globemaster III and then the B-1B to use the fuel.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jet_fuel" } ]
aa's program
/r/CapableOf
develop new treatment approaches
1
[]
[ { "text": "Clinicians, clinical programs, tribes, and the Indian Health Service (IHS) have all worked to develop new treatment approaches, but these services are severely underfunded.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/demographics-recovery/native-americans/" } ]
aa's program
/r/CapableOf
offer sliding scale fees
1
[]
[ { "text": "Many programs offer flexible payment plans or sliding scale fees, and scholarships might be available to some people.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/demographics-recovery/native-americans/" } ]
aa's program
/r/CapableOf
offer flexible payment plans
1
[]
[ { "text": "Many programs offer flexible payment plans or sliding scale fees, and scholarships might be available to some people.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/demographics-recovery/native-americans/" } ]
aa's program
/r/Desires
automotive dealership
1
[ { "value": "to connect a diagnostic tool", "type": "PURPOSE", "support": 1 }, { "value": "sometimes", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "Programming these remotes sometimes requires the automotive dealership to connect a diagnostic tool, but many of them can be self-programmed by following a sequence of steps in the vehicle and usually requires at least one working key.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keychain" } ]
aa's program
/r/CapableOf
use spiritual approach
1
[]
[ { "text": "The program uses a spiritual approach that includes a belief in a higher power.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa's program
/r/CapableOf
bear little resemblance
1
[ { "value": "to religious cults", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "A subsequent study concluded, however, that AA's program bore little resemblance to religious cults because the techniques used appeared beneficial.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholics_Anonymous" } ]
aa's program
/r/HasProperty
helpful
1
[]
[ { "text": "If you have checked out the meetings and found the program to be helpful, you can simply consider yourself a member.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa's program
/r/CapableOf
take spiritual approach
1
[ { "value": "to treatment", "type": "TRANSITIVE-OBJECT", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "AA welcomes people of all faiths, even atheists and agnostics, even though the program takes a spiritual approach to treatment.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa's program
/r/CapableOf
focus on abstinence
1
[]
[ { "text": "The program focuses on abstinence.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa's program
/r/HasProperty
free
1
[]
[ { "text": "The program is free and you have no monetary or social obligation", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/alcoholics-anonymous/" } ]
aa's program
/r/HasProperty
cancelled
1
[]
[ { "text": "When the XB-70 program was cancelled, the JP-6 specification, MIL-J-25656, was also cancelled.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jet_fuel" } ]
aa's program
/r/HasProperty
religious one
1
[]
[ { "text": "As it relates to God, Cocaine Anonymous is a spiritual program, not a religious one.", "source": "https://www.drugrehab.com/recovery/faith-and-religion/" } ]
aa's program
/r/CapableOf
provide 24-hour care
1
[ { "value": "in a non-hospital setting", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "These programs provide 24-hour care in a non-hospital setting.", "source": "https://www.recovery.org/demographics-recovery/native-americans/" } ]
aa's program
/r/CapableOf
bore little semblance
1
[]
[ { "text": "One review warned of detrimental iatrogenic effects of twelve-step philosophy and labeled the organizations as cults, while another review asserts that these programs bore little semblance to religious cults and that the techniques used appeared beneficial to some.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twelve-step_program" } ]
aa
/r/HasAspect
aa's program
4
[]
[]
aa
/r/HasAspect
aa's membership
3
[]
[]
aardvark
/r/HasProperty
nocturnal
41
[ { "value": "mostly", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 4 }, { "value": "as far as i am", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 }, { "value": "during the day", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 }, { "value": "in nature", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 }, { "value": "with quite a huge population", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal.", "source": "https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/a/aardvark/" }, { "text": "The Aardvark is a nocturnal mammal and is a solitary creature that feeds almost exclusively on ants and termites.", "source": "https://animalcorner.org/animals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal animals, and spend much of their time in underground burrows.", "source": "https://animals.net/aardvark/" }, { "text": "The Aardvark is a nocturnal animal.", "source": "https://www.disktrend.com/pets-guide/bizarre-animals/top-12-examples-living-fossils/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal mammals, only leaving the safety of the burrow under the cover of night when they go in search of food and water, often travelling several miles in order to find the biggest termite mounds guided by their excellent hearing and sense of smell.", "source": "https://a-z-animals.com/animals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "A 2006 study in the Pantanal found those anteaters to be mostly nocturnal: they are most active during nighttime and early morning, and retire as the temperature rises.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant_anteater" }, { "text": "The aardvark is a small nocturnal animal that lives almost exclusively in Africa.", "source": "http://tonsoffacts.com/30-fun-and-weird-facts-about-aardvarks/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is a nocturnal African mammal.", "source": "https://www.activewild.com/aardvark-facts/" }, { "text": "An aardvark is a nocturnal medium-sized mammal found in Africa with quite a huge population native to Ghana.", "source": "https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/animals-that-live-in-ghana.html" }, { "text": "The aardvark is nocturnal and is a solitary creature that feeds almost exclusively on ants and termites (myrmecophagy); the only fruit eaten by aardvarks is the aardvark cucumber.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aardvark" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal, sleeping in underground burrows during the day and coming out at night to feed.", "source": "https://onekindplanet.org/animal/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal, meaning that they sleep during the day and are active at night.", "source": "https://study.com/academy/lesson/aardvark-characteristics-behavior-adaptations.html" }, { "text": "The aardvark is nocturnal and is a solitary creature that feeds almost exclusively on ants and termites which it will dig out of their hills using its sharp claws and powerful legs.", "source": "http://justfunfacts.com/interesting-facts-about-aardvarks/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are solitary animals that are also nocturnal and these two things can lead to them becoming easy prey for an animal like a lion.", "source": "https://factsking.com/animal-facts/predators-of-aardvark/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is nocturnal and is a solitary creature that feeds almost exclusively on ants and termites, the only fruit eaten by aardvarks is the aardvark cucumber.", "source": "https://kids.kiddle.co/Aardvark" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal in nature", "source": "https://animalsadda.com/aardvark-facts-habitat-pictures-diet/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are primarily nocturnal, spending most of their day time sleeping in their burrow.", "source": "https://www.chesterzoo.org/our-zoo/animals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Although the aardvark is a common animal throughout Africa it is extremely shy, nocturnal, and possess relatively few defences.", "source": "https://africageographic.com/blog/quest-elusive-aardvark/" }, { "text": "Mainly solitary, aardvarks are nocturnal and spend their days sleeping in deep, complex burrows that they dig themselves.", "source": "https://en.mimi.hu/animals/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal, sleeping in their burrows during the day.", "source": "https://en.mimi.hu/animals/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are mostly solitary and nocturnal, but sometimes will come out during the day to sun themselves.", "source": "https://aardvarkaoc.co.za/about-aoc/aardvark-facts/" }, { "text": "Although the aardvark is a common animal throughout Africa it is extremely shy, nocturnal, and possess relatively few defences.", "source": "https://africageographic.com/stories/quest-elusive-aardvark/" }, { "text": "It is nocturnal and does all its hunting and burrowing at night.", "source": "http://southafrica.co.za/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "An aardvark is nocturnal.", "source": "https://facts4me.com/disp_subject.php?s_id=1790" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal, which means they are awake at night and asleep during the day.", "source": "https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/wiki/Aardvark" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal.", "source": "http://learncreatelove.com/aardvark-printable-craft/" }, { "text": "oikos - pity you did not have a camera because as far as i am aware Aardvarks are nocturnal and sleep during the day curled in a tight circle in the burrow.!!", "source": "https://au.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090401042057AAKnROz" }, { "text": "`, `Aardvarks are nocturnal and travel 2 to 5 km (1.2 to 3 miles) every night, foraging for food.", "source": "https://pastebin.com/24wVkfry" }, { "text": "`, `Aardvarks are nocturnal and travel 2 to 5 km (1.2 to 3 miles) every night, foraging for food.", "source": "https://pastebin.com/24wVkfry" }, { "text": "The aardvark is a nocturnal mammal found in savannas, grasslands and woodlands in sub-Saharan Africa (i.e. the area south of the Sahara desert).", "source": "https://www.activewild.com/animals-that-start-with-a/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is a nocturnal mammal whose diet consists mainly of ants and termites.", "source": "https://www.activewild.com/african-animals-list/" }, { "text": "Aardvark is a nocturnal mammal that is found throughout Africa.", "source": "http://lifestyle.iloveindia.com/lounge/facts-about-aardvark-6813.html" }, { "text": "/anteater, the Aardvark is a burrowing, nocturnal mammal and the only living species of order tubulidentata; a group of mammals with tubule like teeth.", "source": "https://www.ugandagorillatour.com/blog/unveiling-the-facts-about-one-of-the-most-elusive-and-amazing-animals-the-aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal animals, and spend much of their time in underground burrows.", "source": "https://animals.net/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Despite the fact that aardvarks are nocturnal animals that live in the safety of underground burrows, they are threatened by a number of different predators throughout their natural environment.", "source": "https://a-z-animals.com/animals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Despite the fact that aardvarks are nocturnal animals that live in underground channel safety, they are endangered in their natural environment by a number of different predators.", "source": "https://alkomag.com/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal animals that are active during the night and rest during the day.", "source": "https://www.wildcard.co.za/get-to-know-the-oddball-aardvark/" }, { "text": "The Aardvark is a nocturnal animal that is natural to Africa.", "source": "https://www.wedrawanimals.com/how-to-draw-an-aardvark/" }, { "text": "A pale yellowish gray but often stained reddish-brown from digging in soil, the aardvark is a predominantly nocturnal animal that lives in solitude.", "source": "https://animalalmanacblog.wordpress.com/2016/03/21/animal-spotlight-aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal mammals; they rest in their hole during the day time and hunt for food at night.", "source": "https://animalcreativefacts.com/aardvark-vs-anteater/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal mammals that only leave the safety of the groove under night protection when they search for food and water.", "source": "https://alkomag.com/aardvark/" } ]
aardvark
/r/HasProperty
solitary animals
36
[ { "value": "mostly", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 6 }, { "value": "generally", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 4 }, { "value": "in the wild", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 2 }, { "value": "in nature", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 }, { "value": "except for the african ant", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "Aardvarks are solitary animals and only come together to mate.", "source": "https://www.livescience.com/55241-aardvark-facts.html" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are solitary and only come together to mate; females have a gestation period of seven months.", "source": "https://onekindplanet.org/animal/aardvark/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is a generally solitary creature and males and females occupy separate burrows.", "source": "https://www.everything2.com/title/aardvark" }, { "text": "Anteaters are solitary animals but can be seen in groups during the breeding season.", "source": "https://animalcreativefacts.com/aardvark-vs-anteater/" }, { "text": "Anteaters are mostly solitary mammals prepared to defend their territories.", "source": "http://justfunfacts.com/interesting-facts-about-anteaters/" }, { "text": "18 – Anteaters are normally solitary, occasionally they mate which actually occurs briefly.", "source": "https://answersafrica.com/anteater-facts.html" }, { "text": "I will say that an Aardvark is usually a solitary animal, you may find them walking around in the forest by themselves and rarely engaging with other animals.", "source": "https://www.auntyflo.com/magic/aardvark" }, { "text": "It is a solitary animal and is also known as the anthill bear .", "source": "https://www.diffen.com/difference/Aardvark_vs_Anteater" }, { "text": "The aardvark is a solitary mammal that spends its days sleeping, curled up in a tight ball in an underground burrow that has been dug with its powerful claws.", "source": "https://africageographic.com/stories/understanding-the-aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are solitary creatures and only pair up during mating season.", "source": "https://kidskonnect.com/animals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is mainly a solitary and quiet animal.", "source": "http://southafrica.co.za/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Anteaters Are Solitary Animals Anteaters", "source": "https://facts.net/nature/animals/anteater-facts" }, { "text": "13 Anteaters Are Solitary Animals 14 Anteaters", "source": "https://facts.net/nature/animals/anteater-facts" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are mainly solitary animals that come together only to mate and are never found in large groups.", "source": "https://a-z-animals.com/animals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are also mainly solitary animals and only the female are accompanied by one, occasionally two young of different ages.", "source": "https://www.hluhluwegamereserve.com/aardvark-facts-information/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are solitary animals that are also nocturnal and these two things can lead to them becoming easy prey for an animal like a lion.", "source": "https://factsking.com/animal-facts/predators-of-aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are solitary animals and they are active at night.", "source": "http://www.theanimalfiles.com/mammals/aardvark/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are solitary animals and are not often seen in company of others.", "source": "https://en.mimi.hu/animals/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are solitary animals and communicate mostly by scent.", "source": "https://www.sanbi.org/animal-of-the-week/orycteropus-afer/" }, { "text": "Although aardvarks are solitary animals, they indirectly impact a multitude of other species who live in the same environment.", "source": "https://animalalmanacblog.wordpress.com/2016/03/21/animal-spotlight-aardvark/" }, { "text": "`, `Aardvarks are solitary animals and only come together to mate.", "source": "https://pastebin.com/24wVkfry" }, { "text": "`, `Aardvarks are solitary animals and only come together to mate.", "source": "https://pastebin.com/24wVkfry" }, { "text": "With the exception of a mother and her cub, aardvarks are solitary in nature.", "source": "https://planetzoo.fandom.com/wiki/Aardvark" }, { "text": "In the wild, aardvarks are solitary and elusive.", "source": "https://animalfactguide.com/2012/03/baby-aardvark-at-busch-gardens-2/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are mostly solitary and nocturnal, but sometimes will come out during the day to sun themselves.", "source": "https://aardvarkaoc.co.za/about-aoc/aardvark-facts/" }, { "text": "They are solitary and territorial, coming together to breed.", "source": "https://www.lpzoo.org/animal/aardvark" }, { "text": "In the wild, aardvarks are solitary and quite elusive.", "source": "https://animalfactguide.com/2011/05/baby-aardvark-at-busch-gardens/" }, { "text": "The Aardvark is a nocturnal mammal and is a solitary creature that feeds almost exclusively on ants and termites.", "source": "https://animalcorner.org/animals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is nocturnal and is a solitary creature that feeds almost exclusively on ants and termites (myrmecophagy); the only fruit eaten by aardvarks is the aardvark cucumber.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aardvark" }, { "text": "The aardvark is a solitary creature which feeds on ants and termites, except for the African ant and the red ant.", "source": "https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/aardvark-facts-animals-of-africa.html" }, { "text": "The aardvark is nocturnal and is a solitary creature that feeds almost exclusively on ants and termites which it will dig out of their hills using its sharp claws and powerful legs.", "source": "http://justfunfacts.com/interesting-facts-about-aardvarks/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is nocturnal and is a solitary creature that feeds almost exclusively on ants and termites, the only fruit eaten by aardvarks is the aardvark cucumber.", "source": "https://kids.kiddle.co/Aardvark" }, { "text": "This is especially important because they tend to be solitary animals so don’t have the protection of a group.", "source": "https://facts.net/nature/animals/anteater-facts" }, { "text": "Anteaters are generally solitary animals that defend their territory that extends from 1 to 1.5 mi2.", "source": "https://animalsadda.com/anteater/" }, { "text": "Anteaters are solitary animals and they gather only during mating season.", "source": "https://www.softschools.com/facts/animals/anteater_facts/50/" }, { "text": "Anteaters are mostly solitary mammals prepared to defend their 1.0- to 1.5-mi2 (2.6- to 3.9-km2) territories.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anteater" } ]
aardvark
/r/CapableOf
eat termite
34
[ { "value": "mainly", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 6 }, { "value": "in one night", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 5 }, { "value": "almost exclusively", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 4 }, { "value": "usually", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 2 }, { "value": "with their sticky tongues", "type": "MANNER", "support": 1 }, { "value": "conversely", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 1 }, { "value": "in one day [source", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 }, { "value": "at that rate", "type": "MANNER", "support": 1 }, { "value": "a day", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 }, { "value": "at times", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 }, { "value": "normally", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "It eats termite and ants.", "source": "https://www.auntyflo.com/magic/aardvark" }, { "text": "The aardvark is a solitary creature which feeds on ants and termites, except for the African ant and the red ant.", "source": "https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/aardvark-facts-animals-of-africa.html" }, { "text": "An Anteater Will Eat up to 30,000 Ants or Termites a Day", "source": "https://animals.howstuffworks.com/mammals/anteater.htm" }, { "text": "At that rate, they may consume 30,000 ants and termites in one day [source: San Diego Zoo].", "source": "https://animals.howstuffworks.com/mammals/anteater-vs-aardvark.htm" }, { "text": "Anteaters live alone or in pairs (usually mother and offspring) and feed mainly on ants and termites.", "source": "https://www.britannica.com/animal/anteater" }, { "text": "Aardvarks feed upon ants and termites.", "source": "http://www.theanimalfiles.com/mammals/aardvark/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Most aardvarks would prefer to eat only ants but population limitations and seasonal changes causes them to eat a lot of termites as well.", "source": "http://tonsoffacts.com/30-fun-and-weird-facts-about-aardvarks/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is a formivore (ant-eating animal), and mainly eats termites and ants.", "source": "https://www.activewild.com/aardvark-facts/" }, { "text": "They eat almost exclusively ants and termites, though they sometimes supplement their diets with other insects like the pupae of scarab beetles.", "source": "https://www.livescience.com/55241-aardvark-facts.html" }, { "text": "The aardvark can eat up to 60,000 ants and termites in one night.", "source": "http://tonsoffacts.com/30-fun-and-weird-facts-about-aardvarks/" }, { "text": "The aardvark favours ants as its food, which are more abundant in summer, but it also eats termites at times when ants are not available it breaks into a nest or mound using its front feet, which are armed with long, sharp claws.", "source": "http://animalsbirds.com/aardvark-animal/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks can eat up to 60 000 ants and termites in one night, thanks to its 30cm-long sticky tongue", "source": "https://africageographic.com/stories/9-amazing-facts-about-aardvarks/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks eat at night and mostly eat ants and termites.", "source": "https://www.henryvilaszoo.gov/animal/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks usually eat termites with their sticky tongues, but sometimes just press their mouths to termite holes and suck out the bugs!", "source": "https://zootycoon.fandom.com/wiki/Aardvark" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are insectivores that eat ants and termites.", "source": "https://enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks eat mostly ants and termites.", "source": "https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/wiki/Aardvark" }, { "text": "The aardvark can eat up to 60 000 ants and termites in one night, thanks to its 30cm-long sticky tongue", "source": "https://www.ugandagorillatour.com/blog/unveiling-the-facts-about-one-of-the-most-elusive-and-amazing-animals-the-aardvark.html" }, { "text": "rawdownloadcloneembedreportprint text 2.02 KB [`Aardvarks can eat up to 60 000 ants and termites in one night, thanks to their 30cm-long sticky tongue.", "source": "https://pastebin.com/24wVkfry" }, { "text": "[`Aardvarks can eat up to 60 000 ants and termites in one night, thanks to their 30cm-long sticky tongue.", "source": "https://pastebin.com/24wVkfry" }, { "text": "Aardvarks eat termites, ants , and one kind of fruit,called an aardvark cucumber.", "source": "https://www.answers.com/Q/What_does_an_aardvark_eat" }, { "text": "Aardvarks feed almost exclusively on ants and termites and are known to eat around 50,000 in one night.", "source": "https://onekindplanet.org/animal/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks feed on termites, which do bite them, but aardvarks have tough skin which protects them.", "source": "https://onekindplanet.org/animal/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvark mostly feed on ants and termites which they locate using their excellent sense of smell.", "source": "https://www.kariega.co.za/blog/video-awesome-aardvark" }, { "text": "The aardvark is considered a member of Africa mammal family and feeds on termites and insects.", "source": "https://www.auntyflo.com/magic/aardvark" }, { "text": "Aardvarks mainly feeds on ants and termites; the only fruit consumed by them is aardvark cucumber, which gives them sufficient moisture.", "source": "https://animalcreativefacts.com/aardvark-vs-anteater/" }, { "text": "It usually feeds on ants and termites.", "source": "https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/animals-that-start-with-a.html" }, { "text": "It is the only fruit (and only form of plant matter) eaten by aardvark, which normally feeds exclusively on ants and termites.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aardvark_cucumber" }, { "text": "They inhabit various ecosystems south of the Sahara in Africa, and they feed mainly on ants and termites.", "source": "https://animalfactguide.com/2012/03/baby-aardvark-at-busch-gardens-2/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks feed on termites and ants.", "source": "https://www.theanimalspot.com/aardvark/" }, { "text": "It forages mostly at night and lives in burrows and feeds on ants and termites.", "source": "https://animalsnmore.com/woodland_friends/aardvark2/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "The aardvark spends its days feeding on termites and other insects.", "source": "https://africageographic.com/stories/understanding-the-aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal and solitary creatures that feed almost exclusively on ants and termites.", "source": "http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/Africaweb/factfile/africauniquefact30.htm" }, { "text": "While anteaters will eat primarily ants and termites, it's not uncommon for them to enjoy fallen fruit,\" says Schwartz.", "source": "https://animals.howstuffworks.com/mammals/anteater.htm" }, { "text": "Conversely, anteaters at Emas National Park eat mainly termites, which occur in high density on the grasslands.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant_anteater" } ]
aardvark
/r/CapableOf
feed on ant
32
[ { "value": "mainly", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 14 }, { "value": "in the dry season", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 2 }, { "value": "in areas", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 }, { "value": "despite their name", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 }, { "value": "usually", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 1 }, { "value": "as their name states", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 1 }, { "value": "normally", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "The aardvark is a solitary creature which feeds on ants and termites, except for the African ant and the red ant.", "source": "https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/aardvark-facts-animals-of-africa.html" }, { "text": "Most aardvarks would prefer to eat only ants, but population limitations and changes in the seasons force them to consume enormous amounts of termites as well.", "source": "https://www.animalfactsencyclopedia.com/Aardvark-facts.html" }, { "text": "As their name states, anteaters eat ants.", "source": "https://facts.net/nature/animals/anteater-facts" }, { "text": "Anteaters live alone or in pairs (usually mother and offspring) and feed mainly on ants and termites.", "source": "https://www.britannica.com/animal/anteater" }, { "text": "The ant, as a member of the Brothers of the Forest Lodge 202, has a gang of animal friends, especially an elephant, that will not let the aardvark eat the ant.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Ant_and_the_Aardvark" }, { "text": "Aardvarks feed upon ants and termites.", "source": "http://www.theanimalfiles.com/mammals/aardvark/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvarks feed almost exclusively on ants and termites and are known to eat around 50,000 in one night.", "source": "https://onekindplanet.org/animal/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvark mostly feed on ants and termites which they locate using their excellent sense of smell.", "source": "https://www.kariega.co.za/blog/video-awesome-aardvark" }, { "text": "There is a possibility that there are small things in your life which are trying to make you think about things differently and more slowly - just the same way the Aardvark feeds on ants.", "source": "https://www.auntyflo.com/magic/aardvark" }, { "text": "Aardvarks mainly feeds on ants and termites; the only fruit consumed by them is aardvark cucumber, which gives them sufficient moisture.", "source": "https://animalcreativefacts.com/aardvark-vs-anteater/" }, { "text": "It usually feeds on ants and termites.", "source": "https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/animals-that-start-with-a.html" }, { "text": "It is the only fruit (and only form of plant matter) eaten by aardvark, which normally feeds exclusively on ants and termites.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aardvark_cucumber" }, { "text": "They inhabit various ecosystems south of the Sahara in Africa, and they feed mainly on ants and termites.", "source": "https://animalfactguide.com/2012/03/baby-aardvark-at-busch-gardens-2/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks feed on termites and ants.", "source": "https://www.theanimalspot.com/aardvark/" }, { "text": "It forages mostly at night and lives in burrows and feeds on ants and termites.", "source": "https://animalsnmore.com/woodland_friends/aardvark2/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvarks feed mainly on ants in the dry season, while termites are mostly inactive, and feed on termites during the wet season when termites are especially active....", "source": "http://southafrica.co.za/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvarks feed mainly on ants in the dry season, while termites are mostly inactive, and feed on termites during the wet season when termites are especially active.... more", "source": "http://southafrica.co.za/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are nocturnal and solitary creatures that feed almost exclusively on ants and termites.", "source": "http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/Africaweb/factfile/africauniquefact30.htm" }, { "text": "The aardvark is a formivore (ant-eating animal), and mainly eats termites and ants.", "source": "https://www.activewild.com/aardvark-facts/" }, { "text": "They eat almost exclusively ants and termites, though they sometimes supplement their diets with other insects like the pupae of scarab beetles.", "source": "https://www.livescience.com/55241-aardvark-facts.html" }, { "text": "Most aardvarks would prefer to eat only ants but population limitations and seasonal changes causes them to eat a lot of termites as well.", "source": "http://tonsoffacts.com/30-fun-and-weird-facts-about-aardvarks/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks eat at night and mostly eat ants and termites.", "source": "https://www.henryvilaszoo.gov/animal/aardvark/" }, { "text": "It eats termite and ants.", "source": "https://www.auntyflo.com/magic/aardvark" }, { "text": "Aardvarks also eat ants, locusts, and the fruit of wild gourds.", "source": "https://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/animals/vertebrate-zoology/aardvark" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are insectivores that eat ants and termites.", "source": "https://enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks eat mostly ants and termites.", "source": "https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/wiki/Aardvark" }, { "text": "Aardvarks eat termites, ants , and one kind of fruit,called an aardvark cucumber.", "source": "https://www.answers.com/Q/What_does_an_aardvark_eat" }, { "text": "While anteaters will eat primarily ants and termites, it's not uncommon for them to enjoy fallen fruit,\" says Schwartz.", "source": "https://animals.howstuffworks.com/mammals/anteater.htm" }, { "text": "Despite their name, anteaters don’t only eat ants (and other small insects), they will also eat fruit if they find it on the ground; and all except the Giant Anteater will climb to find it as well; the Giants can’t follow that example", "source": "https://answersafrica.com/anteater-facts.html" }, { "text": "Anteaters sleep for up to 15 hours a day and spent the rest of the time eating ants.", "source": "https://www.activewild.com/anteater-facts/" }, { "text": "At Serra da Canastra, anteaters switch between eating mainly ants during the wet season (October to March) and termites during the dry season (May to September).", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant_anteater" }, { "text": "In areas that experience seasonal flooding, like the grassy plains of the Venezuelan llanos, anteaters mainly feed on ants, because termites are less available.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant_anteater" } ]
aardvark
/r/HasProperty
good swimmers
16
[ { "value": "very", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 4 }, { "value": "thanks to its webbed feet", "type": "CAUSE", "support": 1 }, { "value": "bizarrely enough", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "Aardvarks are good swimmers.", "source": "https://www.activewild.com/aardvark-facts/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is known to be a good swimmer and has been witnessed successfully swimming in strong currents.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aardvark" }, { "text": "Anteaters are also good swimmers, using the freestyle stroke and with their long snout as a snorkel.", "source": "https://animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/giant-anteater" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are excellent diggers and, bizarrely enough, elephants are one of their closest living relatives (although the relationship is very distant).", "source": "https://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/animals/photos/15-animals-that-are-living-fossils/aardvark" }, { "text": "They are adept diggers, capturing their prey underground and creating burrows to rest in during the day.", "source": "https://animalfactguide.com/2012/03/baby-aardvark-at-busch-gardens-2/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are also very capable swimmers.", "source": "https://aardvarkaoc.co.za/about-aoc/aardvark-facts/" }, { "text": "Aardvark is excellent swimmer thanks to its webbed feet.", "source": "https://softschools.com/facts/animals/aardvark_facts/115/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are incredible diggers, so well equipped with powerful spoon shaped claws they can dig a hole faster than several men with shovels.", "source": "https://en.mimi.hu/animals/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "They are such excellent diggers they may actually dig a hole on the spot and dive in to hide from predators.", "source": "https://www.animalfactsencyclopedia.com/Aardvark-facts.html" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are good swimmers.", "source": "https://kidskonnect.com/animals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are actually pretty good swimmers.", "source": "https://www.everything2.com/title/aardvark" }, { "text": "They have very poor eyesight but excellent hearing, and are also very good swimmers.", "source": "https://africageographic.com/stories/understanding-the-aardvark/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is known to be a good swimmer and has been witnessed successfully swimming in strong currents.", "source": "http://justfunfacts.com/interesting-facts-about-aardvarks/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is known to be a good swimmer, but otherwise moves fairly slowly.", "source": "https://www.sanbi.org/animal-of-the-week/orycteropus-afer/" }, { "text": "They are also surprisingly good swimmers and use their long snouts like snorkels!", "source": "https://www.activewild.com/anteater-facts/" }, { "text": "Interestingly, they prefer to live under the ground which requires excellent digging skills and the aardvarks are excellent diggers.", "source": "https://animalscomparison.com/compare-aardvark-vs-armadillo-fight/" } ]
aardvark
/r/SimilarTo
earth pig
15
[ { "value": "in afrikaans", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 8 }, { "value": "because of its burrowing habits", "type": "CAUSE", "support": 2 }, { "value": "literally", "type": "MANNER", "support": 1 }, { "value": "in the dutch language", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "Aardvark means \"Earth pig\" in Afrikaans, a language of South Africa.", "source": "https://enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvark means 'earth-pig' in Afrikaans.", "source": "https://ypte.org.uk/factsheets/aardvark/overview" }, { "text": "Aardvark means 'earthpig' in Afrikaans, even though they only look vaguely similar to a pig.", "source": "https://en.mimi.hu/animals/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "The name “aardvark” comes from earlier Afrikaans (erdvark) and means “earth pig” or “ground pig”, because of its burrowing habits.", "source": "http://justfunfacts.com/interesting-facts-about-aardvarks/" }, { "text": "The name aardvark originated from the Afrikaan language of South Africa and means the ‘earth pig’ which could have been as a result of its burrowing behavior and snout.", "source": "https://www.ugandagorillatour.com/blog/unveiling-the-facts-about-one-of-the-most-elusive-and-amazing-animals-the-aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvark means \"Earth pig\" in Afrikaans, a language of South Africa.", "source": "https://en.mimi.hu/animals/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvark is an Afrikaans term meaning \"earth pig.", "source": "https://animalsnmore.com/woodland_friends/aardvark2/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Dutch farmers who first encountered the animal in South Africa called it an aardvark, which means \"earth pig\" in the Dutch language.", "source": "http://animalia-life.com/aardvarks.html" }, { "text": "The name “aardvark” comes from earlier Afrikaans (erdvark) and means “earth pig” or “ground pig”, because of its burrowing habits.", "source": "http://justfunfacts.com/interesting-facts-about-aardvarks/" }, { "text": "Aardvark is a South African name which means earth pig.", "source": "https://animalsfact.net/aardvark-know-7-facts-about-them/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is an Afrikaans word meaning ‘earth pig’.", "source": "https://africageographic.com/stories/understanding-the-aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvark means 'earth-pig' in Afrikaans.", "source": "https://en.mimi.hu/animals/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvark means 'earth-pig' in Afrikaans.", "source": "https://ypte.org.uk/factsheets/aardvark/daily-life" }, { "text": "Aardvark, in Afrikaans, means ‘earth-pig’", "source": "https://animalalmanacblog.wordpress.com/2016/03/21/animal-spotlight-aardvark/" }, { "text": "While the bizarre and elusive aardvark (Orycteropus afer) may look vaguely similar in appearance to a pig (aardvark literally means ‘earthpig’ in Afrikaans), it is actually the only member of the order Tubulidentata.", "source": "https://parody.fandom.com/wiki/Aardvark" } ]
aardvark
/r/HasProperty
afrikaans
12
[ { "value": "sometimes", "type": "TEMPORAL", "support": 3 }, { "value": "colloquially", "type": "MANNER", "support": 2 }, { "value": "for \"earth pig", "type": "TRANSITIVE-OBJECT", "support": 1 }, { "value": "probably", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 1 }, { "value": "amazingly", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "The name \"aardvark\" is Afrikaans ( Afrikaans pronunciation: [ˈɑːrtfark]), comes from earlier Afrikaans (erdvark) and means \"earth pig\" or \"ground pig\" (aarde: earth/ground, vark: pig), because of its burrowing habits.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aardvark" }, { "text": "The aardvark is sometimes colloquially called \"African ant bear\", \"anteater\" (not to be confused with the South American anteater), or the \"Cape anteater\" after the Cape of Good Hope.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aardvark" }, { "text": "The aardvark is an Afrikaans word meaning ‘earth pig’.", "source": "https://africageographic.com/stories/understanding-the-aardvark/" }, { "text": "One of them is the aardvark, an African creature that looks a lot like several animals rolled into one.", "source": "https://study.com/academy/lesson/aardvark-characteristics-behavior-adaptations.html" }, { "text": "Amazingly, the aardvarks closest living relative is probably the African elephant.", "source": "https://www.animalfactsencyclopedia.com/Aardvark-facts.html" }, { "text": "Aardvark is an Afrikaans term meaning \"earth pig.", "source": "https://animalsnmore.com/woodland_friends/aardvark2/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvark is a South African name which means earth pig.", "source": "https://animalsfact.net/aardvark-know-7-facts-about-them/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is sometimes called the “African antbear” or the “Cape anteater” after the Cape of Good Hope.", "source": "http://tonsoffacts.com/30-fun-and-weird-facts-about-aardvarks/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is also known as the African ant bear.", "source": "https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/aardvark-facts-animals-of-africa.html" }, { "text": "The name aardvark is Afrikaans (a daughter language of Dutch) for \"earth pig.", "source": "https://www.thoughtco.com/aardvark-profile-129412" }, { "text": "The aardvark (Afrikaans for \"earth pig\") is found throughout much of Africa, from the southern part of Egypt to the Cape of Good Hope.", "source": "https://en.mimi.hu/animals/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "The aardvark is sometimes colloquially called “African ant bear”,", "source": "http://justfunfacts.com/interesting-facts-about-aardvarks/" } ]
aardvark
/r/HasProperty
animal
10
[]
[ { "text": "Aardvarks are considered a keystone species, which means they are an animal that balances the ecosystem around them.", "source": "https://animals.net/aardvark/" }, { "text": "They are a symbol of solitude just like the Aardvark the animal.", "source": "https://www.auntyflo.com/magic/aardvark" }, { "text": "The aardvark, Orycteropus afer, is one of a few animals that can be mistaken for a domestic pig.", "source": "https://www.sanbi.org/animal-of-the-week/orycteropus-afer/" }, { "text": "Aardvark and Armadillo, Both of these animals hunt insects especially ants.", "source": "https://animalscomparison.com/compare-aardvark-vs-armadillo-fight/" }, { "text": "They are also one of the few animals that do not mind being in the company of a large herd of livestock.", "source": "https://www.wildcard.co.za/get-to-know-the-oddball-aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are considered a keystone species, which means they are an animal that balances the ecosystem around them.", "source": "https://animals.net/aardvark/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is an animal which is mainly found in sub-Saharan Africa.", "source": "https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/aardvark-facts-animals-of-africa.html" }, { "text": "It is an animal that looks mixed between a dog/pig/ant eater!", "source": "https://themultitaskinmom.com/aardvark-facts-color-and-copywork/" }, { "text": "What does the Aardvark mean when they appear to be your spirit guide or animal?", "source": "https://www.auntyflo.com/magic/aardvark" }, { "text": "Antelope, aardvark and pangolin are all animals that dig up the earth: antelopes cut the ground with their hooves, while both the aardvark and pangolin use their claws to open termite mounds.", "source": "https://africa.si.edu/exhibits/animals/chiwara.html" } ]
aardvark
/r/HasAspect
teeth
10
[ { "value": "unlike anteaters", "type": "OTHER", "support": 4 }, { "value": "albeit", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 }, { "value": "with no enamel", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 }, { "value": "with efficient", "type": "MANNER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "While aardvarks have teeth (unlike other anteaters), they lack incisors and canines.", "source": "http://justfunfacts.com/interesting-facts-about-aardvarks/" }, { "text": "The anteater has no teeth.", "source": "https://www.diffen.com/difference/Aardvark_vs_Anteater" }, { "text": "Unlike anteaters, what’s more, they do have teeth, albeit with no enamel and therefore not very efficient!", "source": "https://answersafrica.com/armadillo-facts.html" }, { "text": "Replicating their diet in a captive situation is very difficult, so a mixture of fruit, vegetables, dog food, mince, mealworms and vitamins is blended in a liquid as the aardvarks have no teeth to chew solids.", "source": "https://www.blackpoolzoo.org.uk/animals/aardvark" }, { "text": "Anteaters are ‘endentate’ – which is a scientific way of saying that they don’t have any teeth!", "source": "https://www.activewild.com/anteater-facts/" }, { "text": "Although they don't have incisors or canines, aardvarks have teeth.", "source": "https://animals.howstuffworks.com/mammals/anteater-vs-aardvark1.htm" }, { "text": "While aardvarks have teeth (unlike other anteaters), they lack incisors and canines ( dental formula 0/0 0/0 2-3/2 3/3 = 20-22).", "source": "https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Tubulidentata/" }, { "text": "So unlike anteaters, the aardvark does have teeth (technically anteater embryos have teeth", "source": "https://www.everything2.com/title/aardvark" }, { "text": "Aardvarks do have teeth; however these teeth are located at the back of the jaw and are often referred to as “cheek teeth”.", "source": "http://animalquestions.org/mammals/aardvarks/do-aardvarks-have-teeth/" }, { "text": "—they have no teeth.", "source": "https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/g/giant-anteater/" } ]
aardvark
/r/HasProperty
insectivore
9
[ { "value": "with strong limbs", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 }, { "value": "with nails", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "The aardvark is an insectivore.", "source": "http://southafrica.co.za/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Anteaters are insectivores.", "source": "https://www.activewild.com/anteater-facts/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is insectivorous, feeding almost exclusively on insects, but supplementing with the unusual aardvark cucumber, a curious subterranean fruit.", "source": "https://www.animalfactsencyclopedia.com/Aardvark-facts.html" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are insectivorous mammals found in much of sub-Saharan Africa.", "source": "https://aardvarkaoc.co.za/about-aoc/aardvark-facts/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are insectivores; they have great ant and termites identification skills.", "source": "https://www.diffen.com/difference/Aardvark_vs_Anteater" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are insectivores that eat ants and termites.", "source": "https://enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are insectivores, with strong limbs and nails that can penetrate the outer shells of termites that are far more rigid.", "source": "https://alkomag.com/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are insectivores, and they have excellent identification skills.", "source": "https://animalscomparison.com/compare-aardvark-vs-armadillo-fight/" }, { "text": "Sloths come in two and three-toed varieties, and are closely related to anteaters which have similar large, curved claws, but while anteaters are insectivores, and exist almost entirely on insects, sloths exist on a diet almost entirely of leaves.", "source": "https://www.animalfactsencyclopedia.com/Baby-sloth.html" } ]
aardvark
/r/AtLocation
africa
9
[ { "value": "south of the sahara", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 4 }, { "value": "mostly", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 1 }, { "value": "exclusively", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "Aardvarks are found in Africa, south of the Sahara Desert.", "source": "https://study.com/academy/lesson/aardvark-characteristics-behavior-adaptations.html" }, { "text": "Found commonly in Africa, Aardvark has a long snout and body that resembles the body of pig exactly which is a nocturnal mammal.", "source": "https://animalsadda.com/aardvark-facts-habitat-pictures-diet/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are found in Africa, south of the Sahara desert.", "source": "http://www.theanimalfiles.com/mammals/aardvark/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvark is a mammal found in Africa.", "source": "https://www.diffen.com/difference/Aardvark_vs_Anteater" }, { "text": "The aardvark is found in Africa.", "source": "https://animalsnmore.com/woodland_friends/aardvark2/aardvark.html" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are found in Africa south of the Sahara.", "source": "https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Tubulidentata/" }, { "text": "The aardvark is found exclusively in Africa (some fossil remains suggest that ancestors may have been in North America), primarily a sub-Saharan animal.", "source": "https://www.everything2.com/title/aardvark" }, { "text": "Aardvarks are found mostly in Africa south of the Sahara, being found almost anywhere where suitable food and soils are available.", "source": "https://www.sanbi.org/animal-of-the-week/orycteropus-afer/" }, { "text": "An aardvark is a nocturnal medium-sized mammal found in Africa with quite a huge population native to Ghana.", "source": "https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/animals-that-live-in-ghana.html" } ]
aardvark
/r/SimilarTo
pig
8
[ { "value": "distinctly", "type": "DEGREE", "support": 2 }, { "value": "with rabbit ears", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 }, { "value": "by snout", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 }, { "value": "by its body", "type": "OTHER", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "Aardvarks look like a mixture between a very large armadillo without any armor, and a pig.", "source": "https://animals.net/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Aardvarks resemble pigs.", "source": "https://kidskonnect.com/animals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "They have medium-sized, almost hairless bodies and long snouts that make them look distinctly pig-like at first, with thick skin that both protects them from the hot sun and also from being harmed by insect bites.", "source": "https://a-z-animals.com/animals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "The aardvark looks like a pig even though it is not its close relative.", "source": "https://kidskonnect.com/animals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "However, the aardvark itself looks like a pig by its body and snout but they have some common ancestors with elephants and golden moles.", "source": "https://animalsfact.net/aardvark-know-7-facts-about-them/" }, { "text": "An aardvark looks like a pig with rabbit ears.", "source": "https://facts4me.com/disp_subject.php?s_id=1790" }, { "text": "Aardvarks resemble pigs.", "source": "https://kidskonnect.com/animals/aardvark/" }, { "text": "Their somewhat elongated snouts make them look distinctly pig-like at first, and they have a thick skin that both protect them from the hot sun and from being harmed by insect bites.", "source": "https://www.sanbi.org/animal-of-the-week/orycteropus-afer/" } ]
aardvark
/r/CapableOf
forage for food
8
[ { "value": "on the serengeti", "type": "LOCATION", "support": 1 } ]
[ { "text": "Aardvarks like to live by themselves in their own burrows, and socialise when they are out foraging for food.", "source": "https://www.activewild.com/aardvark-facts/" }, { "text": "A motion-triggered camera captures an aardvark searching for food on the Serengeti.", "source": "https://www.livescience.com/55241-aardvark-facts.html" }, { "text": "Aardvark can travel between 16 and 30 kilometers per night while searching for the food.", "source": "https://softschools.com/facts/animals/aardvark_facts/115/" }, { "text": "While foraging for food, the aardvark will keep its nose to the ground and its ears pointed forward, which indicates that both smell and hearing are involved in the search for food.", "source": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aardvark" }, { "text": "`, `Aardvarks are nocturnal and travel 2 to 5 km (1.2 to 3 miles) every night, foraging for food.", "source": "https://pastebin.com/24wVkfry" }, { "text": "`, `Aardvarks are nocturnal and travel 2 to 5 km (1.2 to 3 miles) every night, foraging for food.", "source": "https://pastebin.com/24wVkfry" }, { "text": "Aardvarks spend almost all their time searching for food, and feed from many (± 200) ant and termite nests each night.", "source": "https://www.sanbi.org/animal-of-the-week/orycteropus-afer/" }, { "text": "Aardvark can travel between 16 and 30 kilometers per night while searching for the food.", "source": "https://fungenerators.com/random/facts/animal/aardvark" } ]
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

Dataset Card for Ascent KB

Dataset Summary

This dataset contains 8.9M commonsense assertions extracted by the Ascent pipeline developed at the Max Planck Institute for Informatics. The focus of this dataset is on everyday concepts such as elephant, car, laptop, etc. The current version of Ascent KB (v1.0.0) is approximately 19 times larger than ConceptNet (note that, in this comparison, non-commonsense knowledge in ConceptNet such as lexical relations is excluded).

For more details, take a look at the research paper and the website.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

The dataset can be used in a wide range of downstream tasks such as commonsense question answering or dialogue systems.

Languages

The dataset is in English.

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

There are two configurations available for this dataset:

  1. canonical (default): This part contains <arg1 ; rel ; arg2> assertions where the relations (rel) were mapped to ConceptNet relations with slight modifications:
    • Introducing 2 new relations: /r/HasSubgroup, /r/HasAspect.
    • All /r/HasA relations were replaced with /r/HasAspect. This is motivated by the ATOMIC-2020 schema, although they grouped all /r/HasA and /r/HasProperty into /r/HasProperty.
    • The /r/UsedFor relation was replaced with /r/ObjectUse which is broader (could be either "used for", "used in", or "used as", ect.). This is also taken from ATOMIC-2020.
  2. open: This part contains open assertions of the form <subject ; predicate ; object> extracted directly from web contents. This is the original form of the canonical triples.

In both configurations, each assertion is equipped with extra information including: a set of semantic facets (e.g., LOCATION, TEMPORAL, etc.), its support (i.e., number of occurrences), and a list of source_sentences.

An example row in the canonical configuration:

{
  "arg1": "elephant",
  "rel": "/r/HasProperty",
  "arg2": "intelligent",
  "support": 15,
  "facets": [
    {
      "value": "extremely",
      "type": "DEGREE",
      "support": 11
    }
  ],
  "source_sentences": [
    {
      "text": "Elephants are extremely intelligent animals.",
      "source": "https://www.softschools.com/facts/animals/asian_elephant_facts/2310/"
    },
    {
      "text": "Elephants are extremely intelligent creatures and an elephant's brain can weigh as much as 4-6 kg.",
      "source": "https://www.elephantsforafrica.org/elephant-facts/"
    }
  ]
}

Data Fields

  • For canonical configuration

    • arg1: the first argument to the relationship, e.g., elephant
    • rel: the canonical relation, e.g., /r/HasProperty
    • arg2: the second argument to the relationship, e.g., intelligence
    • support: the number of occurrences of the assertion, e.g., 15
    • facets: an array of semantic facets, each contains
      • value: facet value, e.g., extremely
      • type: facet type, e.g., DEGREE
      • support: the number of occurrences of the facet, e.g., 11
    • source_sentences: an array of source sentences from which the assertion was extracted, each contains
      • text: the raw text of the sentence
      • source: the URL to its parent document
  • For open configuration

    • The fields of this configuration are the same as the canonical configuration's, except that the (arg1, rel, arg2) fields are replaced with the (subject, predicate, object) fields which are free text phrases extracted directly from the source sentences using an Open Information Extraction (OpenIE) tool.

Data Splits

There are no splits. All data points come to a default split called train.

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

The commonsense knowledge base was created to assist in development of robust and reliable AI.

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

Texts were collected from the web using the Bing Search API, and went through various cleaning steps before being processed by an OpenIE tool to get open assertions. The assertions were then grouped into semantically equivalent clusters. Take a look at the research paper for more details.

Who are the source language producers?

Web users.

Annotations

Annotation process

None.

Who are the annotators?

None.

Personal and Sensitive Information

Unknown.

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

[Needs More Information]

Discussion of Biases

[Needs More Information]

Other Known Limitations

[Needs More Information]

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

The knowledge base has been developed by researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Informatics.

Contact Tuan-Phong Nguyen in case of questions and comments.

Licensing Information

The Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Citation Information

@InProceedings{nguyen2021www,
  title={Advanced Semantics for Commonsense Knowledge Extraction},
  author={Nguyen, Tuan-Phong and Razniewski, Simon and Weikum, Gerhard},
  year={2021},
  booktitle={The Web Conference 2021},
}

Contributions

Thanks to @phongnt570 for adding this dataset.

Update on GitHub
Papers with Code