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Dataset information

Dataset concatenating QA datasets with context available in French and open-source.**
In addition, an augmented version of these datasets has been added (same context but different questions to create data in SQuADv2 format).
In total, there are 221,348 training data, 910 validation data and 6,376 test data (the first 3,188 rows correspond to SQuADv2 format, the remaining 3,188 to SQuADv2 format). In practice, due to the restrictive license for the FQUAD 1.0 dataset, we can only share 179,886 rows of the 221,348 training data and not the test dataset.
Our methodology is described in a blog post available in English or French.

Usage

from datasets import load_dataset
dataset = load_dataset("CATIE-AQ/frenchQA",sep=";")
dataset
DatasetDict({
    train: Dataset({
        features: ['context', 'question', 'answer', 'answer_start', 'dataset'],
        num_rows: 179886
    })
    validation: Dataset({
        features: ['context', 'question', 'answer', 'answer_start', 'dataset'],
        num_rows: 910
    })
})

Dataset

Dataset details

Dataset Format Train split Dev split Test split Available in frenchQA
piaf SQuAD 1.0 9 224 Q & A X X Yes
piaf_v2 SQuAD 2.0 9 224 Q & A X X Yes
fquad SQuAD 1.0 20 731 Q & A 3 188 Q & A (is not used for training, but as a test dataset) 2 189 Q & A (not freely available) No due to the license
fquad_v2 SQuAD 2.0 20 731 Q & A 3 188 Q & A (is not used for training, but as a test dataset) X No due to the license
lincoln/newsquadfr SQuAD 1.0 1 650 Q & A 455 Q & A X Yes
lincoln/newsquadfr_v2 SQuAD 2.0 1 650 Q & A 455 Q & A X Yes
pragnakalp/squad_v2_french_translated SQuAD 2.0 79 069 Q & A X X Yes
pragnakalp/squad_v2_french_translated_v2 SQuAD 2.0 79 069 Q & A X X Yes

Columns

dataset_train = dataset['train'].to_pandas()
dataset_train.head()

       context 	                                        question 	                                        answer 	                    answer_start 	dataset
0 	Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter (/ biːˈjɒnseɪ /... 	Quand Beyonce a-t-elle commencé à devenir popu... 	à la fin des années 1990 	269 	        pragnakalp/squad_v2_french_translated
1 	Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter (/ biːˈjɒnseɪ /... 	Quand Beyonce a-t-elle quitté Destiny's Child ... 	2003 	                    549 	        pragnakalp/squad_v2_french_translated
2 	Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter (/ biːˈjɒnseɪ /... 	Qui a dirigé le groupe Destiny's Child ? 	        Mathew Knowles 	            376 	        pragnakalp/squad_v2_french_translated
3 	Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter (/ biːˈjɒnseɪ /... 	Quand Beyoncé a-t-elle sorti Dangerously in Lo... 	2003 	                    549 	        pragnakalp/squad_v2_french_translated
4 	Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter (/ biːˈjɒnseɪ /... 	Combien de Grammy Awards Beyoncé a-t-elle gagn... 	cinq 	                    629 	        pragnakalp/squad_v2_french_translated
  • the context column contains the context
  • the question column contains the question
  • the answer column contains the answer (has been replaced by no_answer for rows in SQuAD v2 format)
  • the answer_start column contains the start position of the answer in the context (has been replaced by -1 for rows in SQuAD v2 format)
  • the dataset column identifies the row's original dataset (if you wish to apply filters to it, rows in SQuAD v2 format are indicated with the suffix _v2 in the dataset name)

Split

  • train corresponds to the concatenation of the training dataset from pragnakalp/squad_v2_english_translated + lincoln/newsquadfr + PIAFv1.2 + the augmented version of each dataset in SQuADv2 format (no shuffle has been performed)
  • validation corresponds to the concatenation of the newsquadfr validation dataset + this same dataset expanded in SQuAD v2 format (= newsquadfr_v2) (no shuffle performed)

Question type statistics

The question type distribution is as follows:

Type of question Frequency in percent
What (que) 55.02
Who (qui) 15.96
How much (combien) 7.92
When (quand) 6.90
Where (où) 3.15
How (comment) 3.76
What (quoi) 2.60
Why (pourquoi) 1.25
Other 3.44

The number of questions containing a negation, e.g. "What was the name of Chopin's first music teacher who was not an amateur musician?", is estimated at 3.55% of the total questions.

For information, the distribution of the complete dataset (containing FQUAD 1.0 and FQUAD 1.0 data in SQUAD 2.0 format) is as follows:

Type of question Frequency in percent
What (que) 55.12
Who (qui) 16.24
How much (combien) 7.56
When (quand) 6.85
Where (où) 3.98
How (comment) 3.76
What (quoi) 2.94
Why (pourquoi) 1.41
Other 2.14

The number of questions containing a negation, e.g. "What was the name of Chopin's first music teacher who was not an amateur musician?", is estimated at 3.07% of the total questions.

Citation

@misc {frenchQA2023,  
    author       = { {ALBAR, Boris and BEDU, Pierre and BOURDOIS, Loïck} },  
    organization  = { {Centre Aquitain des Technologies de l'Information et Electroniques} },  
    title        = { frenchQA (Revision 6249cd5) },  
    year         = 2023,  
    url          = { https://huggingface.co/CATIE-AQ/frenchQA },  
    doi          = { 10.57967/hf/0862 },  
    publisher    = { Hugging Face }  
}

License

cc-by-4.0

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