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LongLoRA and LongAlpaca for Long-context LLMs

Huggingface Models Github Data Paper

Code License Data License Weight License

For detailed usage and codes, please visit the Github project.


  1. News
  2. Examples
  3. Highlights
  4. How to contribute
  5. Requirements
  6. Installation and quick guide
  7. LongAlpaca Data
  8. Models
  9. Training
  10. Evaluation
  11. Demo
  12. Data Generation via Pdf2Text
  13. Citation
  14. Acknowledgement
  15. License


LongLoRA: Efficient Fine-tuning of Long-Context Large Language Models [Paper]
Yukang Chen, Shengju Qian, Haotian Tang, Xin Lai, Zhijian Liu, Song Han, Jiaya Jia


  1. In LongLoRA approach, The proposed shifted short attention is easy to implement, compatible with Flash-Attention, and is not required during inference.
  2. We released all our models, including models from 7B to 70B, context length from 8k to 100k, including LLaMA2-LongLoRA-7B-100k, LLaMA2-LongLoRA-13B-64k, and LLaMA2-LongLoRA-70B-32k.
  3. We built up a long-context instruction-following dataset, LongAlpaca-12k. We released the corresponding LongAlpaca-7B, LongAlpaca-13B and LongAlpaca-70B models. To our best knowledge, this is the first open-sourced long-context 70B model.

How to Contribute

  • Make sure to have git installed.
  • Create your own fork of the project.
  • Clone the repository on your local machine, using git clone and pasting the url of this project.
  • Read both the Requirements and Installation and Quick Guide sections below.
  • Commit and push your changes.
  • Make a pull request when finished modifying the project.

Usage Requirements

To download and use the pre-trained weights you will need:

  1. Hugging Face (HF) account with valid email. Note, the email used for HF must alse be used for the license agreement.
  2. Accept the Meta license and acceptable use policy

Installation and Quick Guide

To install and run the application:

  1. Fork this repo on github
  2. Clone the repository on your local machine, using git clone and pasting the url of this project.
  3. Run the following code:
pip install -r requirements.txt
pip install flash-attn --no-build-isolation
  1. Use either a Released model or Fine tune a model to fit your preferences.
  2. Test your model by chat.
  3. Deploy your own demo.

LongAlpaca Data

LongAlpaca-12k contains 9k long QA data that we collected and 3k short QA sampled from the original Alpaca data. This is to avoid the case that the model might degrade at short instruction following. The data we collect contains various types and amounts as the following figure.

Data Short QA Long QA Total Download
LongAlpaca-12k 3k 9k 12k Link

Following the original Alpaca format, our Long QA data uses the following prompts for fine-tuning:

  • instruction: str, describes the task the model should perform. For example, to answer a question after reading a book section or paper. We vary the contents and questions to make instructions diverse.
  • output: str, the answer to the instruction.

We did not use the input format in the Alpaca format for simplicity.


Models with supervised fine-tuning

Model Size Context Train Link
LongAlpaca-7B 7B 32768 Full FT Model
LongAlpaca-13B 13B 32768 Full FT Model
LongAlpaca-70B 70B 32768 LoRA+ Model (LoRA-weight)

Models with context extension via fully fine-tuning

Model Size Context Train Link
Llama-2-7b-longlora-8k-ft 7B 8192 Full FT Model
Llama-2-7b-longlora-16k-ft 7B 16384 Full FT Model
Llama-2-7b-longlora-32k-ft 7B 32768 Full FT Model
Llama-2-7b-longlora-100k-ft 7B 100000 Full FT Model
Llama-2-13b-longlora-8k-ft 13B 8192 Full FT Model
Llama-2-13b-longlora-16k-ft 13B 16384 Full FT Model
Llama-2-13b-longlora-32k-ft 13B 32768 Full FT Model

Models with context extension via improved LoRA fine-tuning

Model Size Context Train Link
Llama-2-7b-longlora-8k 7B 8192 LoRA+ LoRA-weight
Llama-2-7b-longlora-16k 7B 16384 LoRA+ LoRA-weight
Llama-2-7b-longlora-32k 7B 32768 LoRA+ LoRA-weight
Llama-2-13b-longlora-8k 13B 8192 LoRA+ LoRA-weight
Llama-2-13b-longlora-16k 13B 16384 LoRA+ LoRA-weight
Llama-2-13b-longlora-32k 13B 32768 LoRA+ LoRA-weight
Llama-2-13b-longlora-64k 13B 65536 LoRA+ LoRA-weight
Llama-2-70b-longlora-32k 70B 32768 LoRA+ LoRA-weight
Llama-2-70b-chat-longlora-32k 70B 32768 LoRA+ LoRA-weight


Pre-trained weights

We use LLaMA2 models as the pre-trained weights and fine-tune them to long context window sizes. Download based on your choices.

This project also supports GPTNeoX models as the base model architecture. Some candidate pre-trained weights may include GPT-NeoX-20B, Polyglot-ko-12.8B and other variants.


torchrun --nproc_per_node=8 fine-tune.py  \
        --model_name_or_path path_to/Llama-2-7b-hf \
        --bf16 True \
        --output_dir path_to_saving_checkpoints       \
        --cache_dir path_to_cache \
        --model_max_length 8192 \
        --use_flash_attn True \
        --low_rank_training False \
        --num_train_epochs 1  \
        --per_device_train_batch_size 1     \
        --per_device_eval_batch_size 2     \
        --gradient_accumulation_steps 8     \
        --evaluation_strategy "no"     \
        --save_strategy "steps"     \
        --save_steps 1000     \
        --save_total_limit 2     \
        --learning_rate 2e-5     \
        --weight_decay 0.0     \
        --warmup_steps 20     \
        --lr_scheduler_type "constant_with_warmup"     \
        --logging_steps 1     \
        --deepspeed "ds_configs/stage2.json" \
        --tf32 True \
        --max_steps 1000
  • Please remember to change path_to/Llama-2-7b-hf, path_to_saving_checkpoints, path_to_cache to your own directory.
  • Note that you can change model_max_length to other values.
  • You could change ds_configs/stage2.json to ds_configs/stage3.json if you want.
  • Please set use_flash_attn as False if you use V100 machines or do not install flash attention.
  • You can set low_rank_training as False if you want to use fully fine-tuning. It will cost more GPU memory and slower, but the performance will be a bit better.
  • When training is finished, to get the full model weight:
cd path_to_saving_checkpoints && python zero_to_fp32.py . pytorch_model.bin

Supervised Fine-tuning

torchrun --nproc_per_node=8 supervised-fine-tune.py  \
        --model_name_or_path path_to_Llama2_chat_models \
        --bf16 True \
        --output_dir path_to_saving_checkpoints       \
        --model_max_length 32768 \
        --use_flash_attn True \
        --data_path LongAlpaca-12k.json \
        --low_rank_training True \
        --num_train_epochs 3  \
        --per_device_train_batch_size 1     \
        --per_device_eval_batch_size 2     \
        --gradient_accumulation_steps 1     \
        --evaluation_strategy "no"     \
        --save_strategy "steps"     \
        --save_steps 1000     \
        --save_total_limit 2     \
        --learning_rate 2e-5     \
        --weight_decay 0.0     \
        --warmup_steps 20     \
        --lr_scheduler_type "constant_with_warmup"     \
        --logging_steps 1     \
        --deepspeed "ds_configs/stage2.json" \
        --tf32 True
  • There is no need to make supervised fine-tuning upon the fine-tuned context extended models. It is all right to directly use base model as Llama2-chat models, as the amount of long instruction following data is enough for SFT.
  • Our long instruction following data can be found in LongAlpaca-12k.json.

Get trainable weights in low-rank training

In low-rank training, we set embedding and normalization layers as trainable. Please use the following line to extract the trainable weights trainable_params.bin from pytorch_model.bin

python3 get_trainable_weights.py --checkpoint_path path_to_saving_checkpoints --trainable_params "embed,norm"

Merge LoRA Weight

Merge the LoRA weights of pytorch_model.bin and trainable parameters trainable_params.bin, save the resulting model into your desired path in the Hugging Face format:

python3 merge_lora_weights_and_save_hf_model.py \
        --base_model path_to/Llama-2-7b-hf \
        --peft_model path_to_saving_checkpoints \
        --context_size 8192 \
        --save_path path_to_saving_merged_model

For example,

python3 merge_lora_weights_and_save_hf_model.py \
        --base_model /dataset/pretrained-models/Llama-2-7b-hf \
        --peft_model /dataset/yukangchen/hf_models/lora-models/Llama-2-7b-longlora-8k \
        --context_size 8192 \
        --save_path /dataset/yukangchen/models/Llama-2-7b-longlora-8k-merged


Perplexity Validation

To evaluate a model that is trained in the low-rank setting, please set both base_model and peft_model. base_model is the pre-trained weight. peft_model is the path to the saved checkpoint, which should contain trainable_params.bin, adapter_model.bin and adapter_config.json. For example,

python3 eval.py --seq_len 8192 --context_size 8192 --batch_size 1 --base_model path_to/Llama-2-7b-hf --peft_model path_to_saving_checkpoints --data_path pg19/test.bin

To evaluate a model that is fully fine-tuned, you only need to set base_model as the path to the saved checkpoint, which should contain pytorch_model.bin and config.json. peft_model should be ignored.

python3 eval.py --seq_len 8192 --context_size 8192 --batch_size 1 --base_model path_to_saving_checkpoints --data_path pg19/test.bin
  • Note that --seq_len is to set the sequence length for evaluation. --context_size is to set the context length of the model during fine-tuning. --seq_len should not be larger than --context_size.

  • We have already tokenized the validation and test splits of PG19 and proof-pile dataset into pg19/validation.bin, pg19/test.bin, and proof-pile/test_sampled_data.bin, with the tokenizer of LLaMA. proof-pile/test_sampled_data.bin contains 128 documents that are randomly sampled from the total proof-pile test split. For each document, it has at least 32768 tokens. We also release the sampled ids in proof-pile/test_sampled_ids.bin. You can download them from the links below.

Dataset Split Link
PG19 validation pg19/validation.bin
PG19 test pg19/test.bin
Proof-pile test proof-pile/test_sampled_data.bin

Passkey Retrieval

We provide a manner to test the passkey retrieval accuracy. For example,

python3 passkey_retrivial.py \
        --context_size 32768 \
        --base_model path_to/Llama-2-7b-longlora-32k \
        --max_tokens 32768 \
        --interval 1000
  • Note that the context_size is the context length during fine-tuning.
  • max_tokens is maximum length for the document in passkey retrieval evaluation.
  • interval is the interval during the document length increasing. It is a rough number because the document increases by sentences.


Local Inference

To chat with Llama-2-13b-chat-longlora-32k-sft or Llama-2-70b-chat-longlora-32k-sft, you need to run merge_lora_weights_and_save_hf_model.py first, and then:

python3 inference.py  \
        --base_model path_to_model \
        --question $question \
        --context_size $context_length \
        --max_gen_len $max_gen_len \
        --flash_attn True \
        --material $material_content \
        --material_type $material_type \
        --material_title $material_title

To ask a question related to a book:

python3 inference.py  \
        --base_model /data/models/Llama-2-13b-chat-longlora-32k-sft \
        --question "Why doesn't Professor Snape seem to like Harry?" \
        --context_size 32768 \
        --max_gen_len 512 \
        --flash_attn True \
        --material "materials/Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone_section2.txt" \
        --material_type "book" \
        --material_title "Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone"

Note that you can ignore material_type or material_title.

To ask a question related to a paper:

python3 inference.py  \
        --base_model /data/models/Llama-2-13b-chat-longlora-32k-sft \
        --question "What are the main contributions and novelties of this work?" \
        --context_size 32768 \
        --max_gen_len 512 \
        --flash_attn True \
        --material "materials/paper1.txt" \
        --material_type "paper"

Online Demo

To deploy your own demo run

python3 demo.py  \
    --base_model path_to_model \
    --context_size $context_size \
    --max_gen_len $max_gen_len \
    --flash_attn True


python3 demo.py  \
    --base_model /data/models/Llama-2-13b-chat-longlora-32k-sft \
    --context_size 32768 \
    --max_gen_len 512 \
    --flash_attn True
  • Note that flash_attn=True will make the generation slow but save much GPU memory.

Data Generation via Pdf2text

During our dataset collection, we convert paper and books from pdf to text. The conversion quality has a large influence on the final model quality. We think that this step is non-trivial. We release the tool for the pdf2txt conversion, in the folder pdf2txt. It is built upon pdf2image, easyocr, ditod and detectron2. Please refer to the README.md in pdf2txt for more details.


If you find this project useful in your research, please consider citing:

  title={LongLoRA: Efficient Fine-tuning of Long-Context Large Language Models},
  author={Yukang Chen and Shengju Qian and Haotian Tang and Xin Lai and Zhijian Liu and Song Han and Jiaya Jia},
  author = {Yukang Chen and Shaozuo Yu and Shengju Qian and Haotian Tang and Xin Lai and Zhijian Liu and Song Han and Jiaya Jia},
  title = {Long Alpaca: Long-context Instruction-following models},
  year = {2023},
  publisher = {GitHub},
  journal = {GitHub repository},
  howpublished = {\url{https://github.com/dvlab-research/LongLoRA}},



  • LongLoRA is licensed under the Apache License 2.0. This means that it requires the preservation of copyright and license notices.
  • Data and weights are under CC-BY-NC 4.0 License. They are licensed for research use only, and allowed only non-commercial. Models trained using the dataset should not be used outside of research purposes.
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