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xlm-mlm-en-2048

Table of Contents

  1. Model Details
  2. Uses
  3. Bias, Risks, and Limitations
  4. Training
  5. Evaluation
  6. Environmental Impact
  7. Citation
  8. Model Card Authors
  9. How To Get Started With the Model

Model Details

The XLM model was proposed in Cross-lingual Language Model Pretraining by Guillaume Lample and Alexis Conneau. It’s a transformer pretrained with either a causal language modeling (CLM) objective (next token prediction), a masked language modeling (MLM) objective (BERT-like), or a Translation Language Modeling (TLM) object (extension of BERT’s MLM to multiple language inputs). This model is trained with a masked language modeling objective on English text.

Model Description

Uses

Direct Use

The model is a language model. The model can be used for masked language modeling.

Downstream Use

To learn more about this task and potential downstream uses, see the Hugging Face fill mask docs and the Hugging Face Multilingual Models for Inference docs. Also see the associated paper.

Out-of-Scope Use

The model should not be used to intentionally create hostile or alienating environments for people.

Bias, Risks, and Limitations

Significant research has explored bias and fairness issues with language models (see, e.g., Sheng et al. (2021) and Bender et al. (2021)).

Recommendations

Users (both direct and downstream) should be made aware of the risks, biases and limitations of the model.

Training

More information needed. See the associated GitHub Repo.

Evaluation

More information needed. See the associated GitHub Repo.

Environmental Impact

Carbon emissions can be estimated using the Machine Learning Impact calculator presented in Lacoste et al. (2019).

  • Hardware Type: More information needed
  • Hours used: More information needed
  • Cloud Provider: More information needed
  • Compute Region: More information needed
  • Carbon Emitted: More information needed

Citation

BibTeX:

@article{lample2019cross,
  title={Cross-lingual language model pretraining},
  author={Lample, Guillaume and Conneau, Alexis},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:1901.07291},
  year={2019}
}

APA:

  • Lample, G., & Conneau, A. (2019). Cross-lingual language model pretraining. arXiv preprint arXiv:1901.07291.

Model Card Authors

This model card was written by the team at Hugging Face.

How to Get Started with the Model

Use the code below to get started with the model. See the Hugging Face XLM docs for more examples.

from transformers import XLMTokenizer, XLMModel
import torch

tokenizer = XLMTokenizer.from_pretrained("xlm-mlm-en-2048")
model = XLMModel.from_pretrained("xlm-mlm-en-2048")

inputs = tokenizer("Hello, my dog is cute", return_tensors="pt")
outputs = model(**inputs)

last_hidden_states = outputs.last_hidden_state
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