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GENA-LM (gena-lm-bert-base)

GENA-LM is a Family of Open-Source Foundational Models for Long DNA Sequences.

GENA-LM models are transformer masked language models trained on human DNA sequence.

Differences between GENA-LM (gena-lm-bert-base) and DNABERT:

  • BPE tokenization instead of k-mers;
  • input sequence size is about 4500 nucleotides (512 BPE tokens) compared to 512 nucleotides of DNABERT
  • pre-training on T2T vs. GRCh38.p13 human genome assembly.

Source code and data: https://github.com/AIRI-Institute/GENA_LM

Paper: https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2023.06.12.544594v1

Examples

How to load pre-trained model for Masked Language Modeling

from transformers import AutoTokenizer, AutoModel

tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained('AIRI-Institute/gena-lm-bert-base')
model = AutoModel.from_pretrained('AIRI-Institute/gena-lm-bert-base', trust_remote_code=True)

How to load pre-trained model to fine-tune it on classification task

Get model class from GENA-LM repository:

git clone https://github.com/AIRI-Institute/GENA_LM.git
from GENA_LM.src.gena_lm.modeling_bert import BertForSequenceClassification
from transformers import AutoTokenizer

tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained('AIRI-Institute/gena-lm-bert-base')
model = BertForSequenceClassification.from_pretrained('AIRI-Institute/gena-lm-bert-base')

or you can just download modeling_bert.py and put it close to your code.

OR you can get model class from HuggingFace AutoModel:

from transformers import AutoTokenizer, AutoModel
model = AutoModel.from_pretrained('AIRI-Institute/gena-lm-bert-base', trust_remote_code=True)
gena_module_name = model.__class__.__module__
print(gena_module_name)
import importlib
# available class names:
# - BertModel, BertForPreTraining, BertForMaskedLM, BertForNextSentencePrediction,
# - BertForSequenceClassification, BertForMultipleChoice, BertForTokenClassification,
# - BertForQuestionAnswering
# check https://huggingface.co/docs/transformers/model_doc/bert
cls = getattr(importlib.import_module(gena_module_name), 'BertForSequenceClassification')
print(cls)
model = cls.from_pretrained('AIRI-Institute/gena-lm-bert-base', num_labels=2)

Model description

GENA-LM (gena-lm-bert-base) model is trained in a masked language model (MLM) fashion, following the methods proposed in the BigBird paper by masking 15% of tokens. Model config for gena-lm-bert-base is similar to the bert-base:

  • 512 Maximum sequence length
  • 12 Layers, 12 Attention heads
  • 768 Hidden size
  • 32k Vocabulary size

We pre-trained gena-lm-bert-base using the latest T2T human genome assembly (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/assembly/GCA_009914755.3/). Pre-training was performed for 500,000 iterations with the same parameters as in BigBird, except sequence length was equal to 512 tokens. We modified Transformer with Pre-Layer normalization, but without the final layer LayerNorm.

Evaluation

For evaluation results, see our paper: https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2023.06.12.544594v1

Citation

@article{GENA_LM,
    author = {Veniamin Fishman and Yuri Kuratov and Maxim Petrov and Aleksei Shmelev and Denis Shepelin and Nikolay Chekanov and Olga Kardymon and Mikhail Burtsev},
    title = {GENA-LM: A Family of Open-Source Foundational Models for Long DNA Sequences},
    elocation-id = {2023.06.12.544594},
    year = {2023},
    doi = {10.1101/2023.06.12.544594},
    publisher = {Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory},
    URL = {https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2023/06/13/2023.06.12.544594},
    eprint = {https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2023/06/13/2023.06.12.544594.full.pdf},
    journal = {bioRxiv}
}
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