Dr. LLaMA: Improving Small Language Models in Domain-Specific QA via Generative Data Augmentation

Published on May 12, 2023
· Submitted by akhaliq on May 16, 2023


Large Language Models (LLMs) have made significant strides in natural language processing but face challenges in terms of computational expense and inefficiency as they grow in size, especially in domain-specific tasks. Small Language Models (SLMs), on the other hand, often struggle in these tasks due to limited capacity and training data. In this paper, we introduce Dr. LLaMA, a method for improving SLMs through generative data augmentation using LLMs, focusing on medical question-answering tasks and the PubMedQA dataset. Our findings indicate that LLMs effectively refine and diversify existing question-answer pairs, resulting in improved performance of a much smaller model on domain-specific QA datasets after fine-tuning. This study highlights the challenges of using LLMs for domain-specific question answering and suggests potential research directions to address these limitations, ultimately aiming to create more efficient and capable models for specialized applications. We have also made our code available for interested researchers


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