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cetuc100-xlsr: Wav2vec 2.0 with CETUC Dataset

This is a the demonstration of a fine-tuned Wav2vec model for Brazilian Portuguese using the CETUC dataset. This dataset contains approximately 145 hours of Brazilian Portuguese speech distributed among 50 male and 50 female speakers, each pronouncing approximately 1,000 phonetically balanced sentences selected from the CETEN-Folha corpus.

In this notebook the model is tested against other available Brazilian Portuguese datasets.

Dataset Train Valid Test
CETUC 94h -- 5.4h
Common Voice -- 9.5h
LaPS BM -- 0.1h
MLS -- 3.7h
Multilingual TEDx (Portuguese) -- 1.8h
SID -- 1.0h
VoxForge -- 0.1h
Total -- 21.6h

Summary

CETUC CV LaPS MLS SID TEDx VF AVG
cetuc_100 (demonstration below) 0.446 0.856 0.089 0.967 1.172 0.929 0.902 0.765
cetuc_100 + 4-gram (demonstration below) 0.339 0.734 0.076 0.961 1.188 1.227 0.801 0.760

Demonstration

MODEL_NAME = "lgris/cetuc100-xlsr" 

Imports and dependencies

%%capture
!pip install torch==1.8.2+cu111 torchvision==0.9.2+cu111 torchaudio===0.8.2 -f https://download.pytorch.org/whl/lts/1.8/torch_lts.html
!pip install datasets
!pip install jiwer
!pip install transformers
!pip install soundfile
!pip install pyctcdecode
!pip install https://github.com/kpu/kenlm/archive/master.zip
import jiwer
import torchaudio
from datasets import load_dataset, load_metric
from transformers import (
    Wav2Vec2ForCTC,
    Wav2Vec2Processor,
)
from pyctcdecode import build_ctcdecoder
import torch
import re
import sys

Helpers

chars_to_ignore_regex = '[\,\?\.\!\;\:\"]'  # noqa: W605

def map_to_array(batch):
    speech, _ = torchaudio.load(batch["path"])
    batch["speech"] = speech.squeeze(0).numpy() 
    batch["sampling_rate"] = 16_000 
    batch["sentence"] = re.sub(chars_to_ignore_regex, '', batch["sentence"]).lower().replace("’", "'")
    batch["target"] = batch["sentence"]
    return batch
def calc_metrics(truths, hypos):
    wers = []
    mers = []
    wils = []
    for t, h in zip(truths, hypos):
        try:
            wers.append(jiwer.wer(t, h))
            mers.append(jiwer.mer(t, h))
            wils.append(jiwer.wil(t, h))
        except: # Empty string?
            pass
    wer = sum(wers)/len(wers)
    mer = sum(mers)/len(mers)
    wil = sum(wils)/len(wils)
    return wer, mer, wil
def load_data(dataset):
    data_files = {'test': f'{dataset}/test.csv'}
    dataset = load_dataset('csv', data_files=data_files)["test"]
    return dataset.map(map_to_array)

Model

class STT:

    def __init__(self, 
                 model_name, 
                 device='cuda' if torch.cuda.is_available() else 'cpu', 
                 lm=None):
        self.model_name = model_name
        self.model = Wav2Vec2ForCTC.from_pretrained(model_name).to(device)
        self.processor = Wav2Vec2Processor.from_pretrained(model_name)
        self.vocab_dict = self.processor.tokenizer.get_vocab()
        self.sorted_dict = {
            k.lower(): v for k, v in sorted(self.vocab_dict.items(), 
                                            key=lambda item: item[1])
        }
        self.device = device
        self.lm = lm
        if self.lm:            
            self.lm_decoder = build_ctcdecoder(
                list(self.sorted_dict.keys()),
                self.lm
            )

    def batch_predict(self, batch):
        features = self.processor(batch["speech"], 
                                  sampling_rate=batch["sampling_rate"][0], 
                                  padding=True, 
                                  return_tensors="pt")
        input_values = features.input_values.to(self.device)
        attention_mask = features.attention_mask.to(self.device)
        with torch.no_grad():
            logits = self.model(input_values, attention_mask=attention_mask).logits
        if self.lm:
            logits = logits.cpu().numpy()
            batch["predicted"] = []
            for sample_logits in logits:
                batch["predicted"].append(self.lm_decoder.decode(sample_logits))
        else:
            pred_ids = torch.argmax(logits, dim=-1)
            batch["predicted"] = self.processor.batch_decode(pred_ids)
        return batch

Download datasets

%%capture
!gdown --id 1HFECzIizf-bmkQRLiQD0QVqcGtOG5upI
!mkdir bp_dataset
!unzip bp_dataset -d bp_dataset/

Tests

stt = STT(MODEL_NAME)

CETUC

ds = load_data('cetuc_dataset')
result = ds.map(stt.batch_predict, batched=True, batch_size=8) 
wer, mer, wil = calc_metrics(result["sentence"], result["predicted"])
print("CETUC WER:", wer)
CETUC WER: 0.44677581829220825

Common Voice

ds = load_data('commonvoice_dataset')
result = ds.map(stt.batch_predict, batched=True, batch_size=8) 
wer, mer, wil = calc_metrics(result["sentence"], result["predicted"])
print("CV WER:", wer)
CV WER: 0.8561919899139065

LaPS

ds = load_data('lapsbm_dataset')
result = ds.map(stt.batch_predict, batched=True, batch_size=8) 
wer, mer, wil = calc_metrics(result["sentence"], result["predicted"])
print("Laps WER:", wer)
Laps WER: 0.08955808080808081

MLS

ds = load_data('mls_dataset')
result = ds.map(stt.batch_predict, batched=True, batch_size=8) 
wer, mer, wil = calc_metrics(result["sentence"], result["predicted"])
print("MLS WER:", wer)
MLS WER: 0.9670008790979718

SID

ds = load_data('sid_dataset')
result = ds.map(stt.batch_predict, batched=True, batch_size=8) 
wer, mer, wil = calc_metrics(result["sentence"], result["predicted"])
print("Sid WER:", wer)
Sid WER: 1.1723738343632861

TEDx

ds = load_data('tedx_dataset')
result = ds.map(stt.batch_predict, batched=True, batch_size=8) 
wer, mer, wil = calc_metrics(result["sentence"], result["predicted"])
print("TEDx WER:", wer)
TEDx WER: 0.929976436317539

VoxForge

ds = load_data('voxforge_dataset')
result = ds.map(stt.batch_predict, batched=True, batch_size=8) 
wer, mer, wil = calc_metrics(result["sentence"], result["predicted"])
print("VoxForge WER:", wer)
VoxForge WER: 0.9020183982683985

Tests with LM

# !find -type f -name "*.wav" -delete
!rm -rf ~/.cache
!gdown --id 1GJIKseP5ZkTbllQVgOL98R4yYAcIySFP  # trained with wikipedia
stt = STT(MODEL_NAME, lm='pt-BR-wiki.word.4-gram.arpa')
# !gdown --id 1dLFldy7eguPtyJj5OAlI4Emnx0BpFywg  # trained with bp
# stt = STT(MODEL_NAME, lm='pt-BR.word.4-gram.arpa')

CETUC

ds = load_data('cetuc_dataset')
result = ds.map(stt.batch_predict, batched=True, batch_size=8) 
wer, mer, wil = calc_metrics(result["sentence"], result["predicted"])
print("CETUC WER:", wer)
CETUC WER: 0.3396346663354827

Common Voice

ds = load_data('commonvoice_dataset')
result = ds.map(stt.batch_predict, batched=True, batch_size=8) 
wer, mer, wil = calc_metrics(result["sentence"], result["predicted"])
print("CV WER:", wer)
CV WER: 0.7341013242719512

LaPS

ds = load_data('lapsbm_dataset')
result = ds.map(stt.batch_predict, batched=True, batch_size=8) 
wer, mer, wil = calc_metrics(result["sentence"], result["predicted"])
print("Laps WER:", wer)
Laps WER: 0.07612373737373737

MLS

ds = load_data('mls_dataset')
result = ds.map(stt.batch_predict, batched=True, batch_size=8) 
wer, mer, wil = calc_metrics(result["sentence"], result["predicted"])
print("MLS WER:", wer)
MLS WER: 0.960908940243212

SID

ds = load_data('sid_dataset')
result = ds.map(stt.batch_predict, batched=True, batch_size=8) 
wer, mer, wil = calc_metrics(result["sentence"], result["predicted"])
print("Sid WER:", wer)
Sid WER: 1.188118540533579

TEDx

ds = load_data('tedx_dataset')
result = ds.map(stt.batch_predict, batched=True, batch_size=8) 
wer, mer, wil = calc_metrics(result["sentence"], result["predicted"])
print("TEDx WER:", wer)
TEDx WER: 1.2271077178339618

VoxForge

ds = load_data('voxforge_dataset')
result = ds.map(stt.batch_predict, batched=True, batch_size=8) 
wer, mer, wil = calc_metrics(result["sentence"], result["predicted"])
print("VoxForge WER:", wer)
VoxForge WER: 0.800196158008658
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Dataset used to train lgris/bp-cetuc100-xlsr