---
language: en
datasets:
- squad_v2
license: cc-by-4.0
model-index:
- name: deepset/roberta-base-squad2
results:
- task:
type: question-answering
name: Question Answering
dataset:
name: squad_v2
type: squad_v2
config: squad_v2
split: validation
metrics:
- name: Exact Match
type: exact_match
value: 79.9309
verified: true
- name: F1
type: f1
value: 82.9501
verified: true
- name: total
type: total
value: 11869
verified: true
---
# roberta-base for QA
This is the [roberta-base](https://huggingface.co/roberta-base) model, fine-tuned using the [SQuAD2.0](https://huggingface.co/datasets/squad_v2) dataset. It's been trained on question-answer pairs, including unanswerable questions, for the task of Question Answering.
## Overview
**Language model:** roberta-base
**Language:** English
**Downstream-task:** Extractive QA
**Training data:** SQuAD 2.0
**Eval data:** SQuAD 2.0
**Code:** See [an example QA pipeline on Haystack](https://haystack.deepset.ai/tutorials/first-qa-system)
**Infrastructure**: 4x Tesla v100
## Hyperparameters
```
batch_size = 96
n_epochs = 2
base_LM_model = "roberta-base"
max_seq_len = 386
learning_rate = 3e-5
lr_schedule = LinearWarmup
warmup_proportion = 0.2
doc_stride=128
max_query_length=64
```
## Using a distilled model instead
Please note that we have also released a distilled version of this model called [deepset/tinyroberta-squad2](https://huggingface.co/deepset/tinyroberta-squad2). The distilled model has a comparable prediction quality and runs at twice the speed of the base model.
## Usage
### In Haystack
Haystack is an NLP framework by deepset. You can use this model in a Haystack pipeline to do question answering at scale (over many documents). To load the model in [Haystack](https://github.com/deepset-ai/haystack/):
```python
reader = FARMReader(model_name_or_path="deepset/roberta-base-squad2")
# or
reader = TransformersReader(model_name_or_path="deepset/roberta-base-squad2",tokenizer="deepset/roberta-base-squad2")
```
For a complete example of ``roberta-base-squad2`` being used for Question Answering, check out the [Tutorials in Haystack Documentation](https://haystack.deepset.ai/tutorials/first-qa-system)
### In Transformers
```python
from transformers import AutoModelForQuestionAnswering, AutoTokenizer, pipeline
model_name = "deepset/roberta-base-squad2"
# a) Get predictions
nlp = pipeline('question-answering', model=model_name, tokenizer=model_name)
QA_input = {
'question': 'Why is model conversion important?',
'context': 'The option to convert models between FARM and transformers gives freedom to the user and let people easily switch between frameworks.'
}
res = nlp(QA_input)
# b) Load model & tokenizer
model = AutoModelForQuestionAnswering.from_pretrained(model_name)
tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained(model_name)
```
## Performance
Evaluated on the SQuAD 2.0 dev set with the [official eval script](https://worksheets.codalab.org/rest/bundles/0x6b567e1cf2e041ec80d7098f031c5c9e/contents/blob/).
```
"exact": 79.87029394424324,
"f1": 82.91251169582613,
"total": 11873,
"HasAns_exact": 77.93522267206478,
"HasAns_f1": 84.02838248389763,
"HasAns_total": 5928,
"NoAns_exact": 81.79983179142137,
"NoAns_f1": 81.79983179142137,
"NoAns_total": 5945
```
## Authors
**Branden Chan:** branden.chan@deepset.ai
**Timo Möller:** timo.moeller@deepset.ai
**Malte Pietsch:** malte.pietsch@deepset.ai
**Tanay Soni:** tanay.soni@deepset.ai
## About us
<div class="grid lg:grid-cols-2 gap-x-4 gap-y-3">
<div class="w-full h-40 object-cover mb-2 rounded-lg flex items-center justify-center">
<img alt="" src="https://raw.githubusercontent.com/deepset-ai/.github/main/deepset-logo-colored.png" class="w-40"/>
</div>
<div class="w-full h-40 object-cover mb-2 rounded-lg flex items-center justify-center">
<img alt="" src="https://raw.githubusercontent.com/deepset-ai/.github/main/haystack-logo-colored.png" class="w-40"/>
</div>
</div>
[deepset](http://deepset.ai/) is the company behind the open-source NLP framework [Haystack](https://haystack.deepset.ai/) which is designed to help you build production ready NLP systems that use: Question answering, summarization, ranking etc.
Some of our other work:
- [Distilled roberta-base-squad2 (aka "tinyroberta-squad2")]([https://huggingface.co/deepset/tinyroberta-squad2)
- [German BERT (aka "bert-base-german-cased")](https://deepset.ai/german-bert)
- [GermanQuAD and GermanDPR datasets and models (aka "gelectra-base-germanquad", "gbert-base-germandpr")](https://deepset.ai/germanquad)
## Get in touch and join the Haystack community
<p>For more info on Haystack, visit our <strong><a href="https://github.com/deepset-ai/haystack">GitHub</a></strong> repo and <strong><a href="https://haystack.deepset.ai">Documentation</a></strong>.
We also have a <strong><a class="h-7" href="https://haystack.deepset.ai/community/join">Discord community open to everyone!</a></strong></p>
[Twitter](https://twitter.com/deepset_ai) | [LinkedIn](https://www.linkedin.com/company/deepset-ai/) | [Discord](https://haystack.deepset.ai/community/join) | [GitHub Discussions](https://github.com/deepset-ai/haystack/discussions) | [Website](https://deepset.ai)
By the way: [we're hiring!](http://www.deepset.ai/jobs)