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id (string)lang (string)question (dict)answerKey (string)
"95b2fec4a492244a"
"en"
{ "stem": "The people wanted to stop the parade, so what did they set up to thwart it?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "carnival", "public place", "apartment", "roadblock", "space shuttle" ] } }
""
"b703c6e3d22836a5"
"en"
{ "stem": "John wanted to meet interesting people, but he always drove them away. He felt that he needed to be more what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "understand themselves", "friendly", "take class", "explore", "socialize" ] } }
""
"745441566b54da86"
"en"
{ "stem": "The movie had many a song and dance, it was a what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "bollywood", "record", "napster", "jukebox", "musical" ] } }
""
"811febeaa1892d03"
"en"
{ "stem": "Sam ran out of clipboards. Where might he got for more?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "windows 95", "school", "office supply store", "ammunition shop", "desk" ] } }
""
"7c58bf580675f829"
"en"
{ "stem": "What is likely to satisfy someone's curiosity?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "comedy show", "read book", "see favorite show", "hear news", "go somewhere" ] } }
""
"67be9ae1d25d8956"
"en"
{ "stem": "The sick boy began reading letter after letter, there had been a campaign of strangers all over sending him letters and it brought him feelings of what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "strain", "illness", "realization", "get news", "happiness" ] } }
""
"b891a1fffedaed5e"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where would you get prescription mouthwash?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "optometrist", "dentist's office", "bathroom", "drug store", "bottle" ] } }
""
"e941f0042087acd3"
"en"
{ "stem": "What would a person be if he or she did something bad accidentally and then apologized?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "sincere", "unsure", "adequate", "first rate", "sufficient" ] } }
""
"e0275537ceb1278f"
"en"
{ "stem": "All humans have what which is used to distinguish them from one another?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "names", "feelings", "ears", "naval", "bladders" ] } }
""
"e9853ebe52558f1f"
"en"
{ "stem": "She would cogitate over every little thing, she was what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "obsessive compulsive", "sit quietly", "sit and think", "have brain", "schizophrenic" ] } }
""
"b67c207a93c6d2c9"
"en"
{ "stem": "What kind of feelings does buying presents for others create?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "tears", "make happy", "like", "thank", "please" ] } }
""
"6e09513ea476a815"
"en"
{ "stem": "The teacher told her students to listen, what did she want from them?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "able to hear", "concentrate", "pay attention", "stop talking", "eyes on her" ] } }
""
"7d358425f1458e45"
"en"
{ "stem": "In the city the family didn't have a back yard, but now they did since they lived in a what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "farm", "neighborhood", "property", "suburb", "yards" ] } }
""
"78287897d3068171"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where would you get some chocolate if you want to bake a cake?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "supermarket", "box", "chicken stall", "restaurant", "movies" ] } }
""
"44a30e7730ee126d"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where would you find a trash can while enjoying the great outdoors?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "water cooler", "alley", "food place", "park", "motel" ] } }
""
"5693c7bd6f072595"
"en"
{ "stem": "What does a master carpenter use to put holes in objects?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "spoon", "learn", "require obedience", "understand", "drill" ] } }
""
"f58a32452f1592fd"
"en"
{ "stem": "What do fans do to players competing against each other?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "frustration", "ignore", "injury", "encouraging", "emotions" ] } }
""
"8ab82d7e959d8f0b"
"en"
{ "stem": "How might praying make someone feel as they wait for an outcome?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "relief", "meditation", "confusing god", "contemplation", "being comforted" ] } }
""
"65a9faba58ac9304"
"en"
{ "stem": "She felt so alone on campus, she just wanted to be what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "confined", "together", "in crowd", "many people", "with someone" ] } }
""
"4ffe07fd74c31e1f"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where can you find a movie theater along with other stores in one placE?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "shopping mall", "urban area", "new york city", "downtown area", "military base" ] } }
""
"a667a5b4f20c41fe"
"en"
{ "stem": "The weasel was scavenging in the cold winter on a farmer's land, where was he likely?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "fairytale", "mountain", "great outdoors", "chicken coop", "corn fields" ] } }
""
"2da00c8db05d7252"
"en"
{ "stem": "Sitting down in a cushy chair will lead to what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "laziness", "sitting", "comfort", "fall asleep", "flatulence" ] } }
""
"54fc48a201c52dab"
"en"
{ "stem": "How might a person address someone who is leaving?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "further cause", "insulting them", "attempt suicide", "wave goodbye", "thank god" ] } }
""
"5a736a0009c425d6"
"en"
{ "stem": "Why does someone need to be doing housework themselves?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "become tired", "backache", "funny", "fatigue", "low pay" ] } }
""
"763f7815ce9f2451"
"en"
{ "stem": "What happens to most people after playing tennis all day?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "becoming tired", "championship", "tennis elbow", "victory", "friends" ] } }
""
"f271f568d7c8453c"
"en"
{ "stem": "What sort of life event might draw a large crowd of people together to celebrate?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "crowd", "bus stop", "wedding", "convention", "supermarket" ] } }
""
"572422d268104f4a"
"en"
{ "stem": "When they got out of the car in the mountains he felt like he was breathing fresh air for the first time, he began to do what to enjoy it more?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "living", "feeling good", "hyperventilate", "breathe deeply", "look around" ] } }
""
"b01fc1e0b72bb4c4"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where could there be a cloud?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "air", "night or day", "weather report", "atmosphere", "above rain" ] } }
""
"effc1aaa991e5917"
"en"
{ "stem": "The woman is watching television and trying to forget her day, what is her goal?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "entertainment", "falling asleep", "getting fat", "relaxation", "crying" ] } }
""
"386d88a2475f226b"
"en"
{ "stem": "What is served with dinner at a french restaurant?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "montreal", "quebec", "wine", "potpourri", "manhattan" ] } }
""
"1f405291a3b0d681"
"en"
{ "stem": "If you aren't in a jewelry store or looking in a jewelry box where might you find a choker?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "pet store", "kennel", "jewelry box", "boutique", "jewelry store" ] } }
""
"a47c2ac020319c12"
"en"
{ "stem": "John doesn't like seeing new movies. He thinks that they're bad, and excessive. What emotion might he experience where he sees one.", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "curiosity", "excitement", "education", "fear", "wonder" ] } }
""
"640d84bb3e760341"
"en"
{ "stem": "If kids experience aging what will do?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "distracting", "hatred", "become adults", "open door", "wonder about" ] } }
""
"7a704c17b7593c72"
"en"
{ "stem": "What does cleaning waht you eat lead to?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "neatness", "healthy living", "bad aftertaste", "using water", "allergies" ] } }
""
"ac5a5d8df1ab1a56"
"en"
{ "stem": "What will friends in elementary school likely do?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "go somewhere", "tell story", "jump rope", "going out at night", "teach" ] } }
""
"0ad1483319d1c88f"
"en"
{ "stem": "What might cause someone to panic is they are having a heart attack?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "fear of death", "loss of life", "recover", "could die", "health" ] } }
""
"04e91c0b975ab772"
"en"
{ "stem": "If while driving to work another car makes a careless maneuver, what emotion might you feel?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "boredom", "road rage", "transportation cost", "getting there", "happiness" ] } }
""
"7032b7bedbd6f777"
"en"
{ "stem": "If ships are in a storm and the sun comes out, what has happened?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "sinks", "cross river", "collide", "carry people", "bottom out" ] } }
""
"92bc2bf4a0e6c3f1"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where are people likely to find food?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "supermarket", "opera", "building", "conference", "apartment" ] } }
""
"26a4782601a8e06d"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where is the sky fake?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "shed", "atmosphere", "planetarium", "outdoors", "photo" ] } }
""
"ff09c3e883c60bae"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where would you find a basement with children playing in it?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "closet", "own house", "church", "office building", "downstairs" ] } }
""
"63b482c3ba0ae287"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where are you normally when you take a bath?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "greece", "own home", "clothing store", "hotel room", "house" ] } }
""
"1d6285f5502cf1f8"
"en"
{ "stem": "Google Maps and other highway and street GPS services have replaced what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "united states", "mexico", "atlas", "countryside", "oceans" ] } }
""
"982b975622e44112"
"en"
{ "stem": "What bad habit do adults have that can cause lung cancer?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "count", "dress themselves", "drive vehicle", "drink beer", "smoke cigarettes" ] } }
""
"aaa7edf05706180c"
"en"
{ "stem": "The writer began to contemplate the purpose of his story that he had lost along the way, soon he began to finally what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "get ideas", "daydream", "headache", "become distracted", "gave up" ] } }
""
"c8b449612d7f51d7"
"en"
{ "stem": "What might be felt by a crowd during an intense competition?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "tension", "argument", "sore muscles", "stress", "enemies" ] } }
""
"da003fad095f8df5"
"en"
{ "stem": "A shower is an expected amenity when you reserve a what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "gy mnasiu m", "bath room", "seashore", "motel room", "locker room" ] } }
""
"bf0d008ed961fedb"
"en"
{ "stem": "What could you do while you are listening to music?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "fiddle", "sing", "have fun", "run", "play piano" ] } }
""
"449a7c0c25302466"
"en"
{ "stem": "What is the benefit of ships if there is no bridge available?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "collide", "carry people", "cross river", "sailors", "bottom out" ] } }
""
"08ffc268c4746512"
"en"
{ "stem": "The child had never seen a jellyfish in real life, he had only seen them in a what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "pacific ocean", "shore", "tank", "movie", "sea" ] } }
""
"bd75e51c94b2a09a"
"en"
{ "stem": "He said he also wanted in, he threatened to tattle what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "differently", "mere", "only", "anyway", "otherwise" ] } }
""
"b1c829a3c8861a8c"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where is the mailbox that the residents use?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "door bell", "street corner", "apartment complex", "front door", "post office" ] } }
""
"60bd162752db6ef8"
"en"
{ "stem": "Bess told Sam to move, but he refused. He said that he was doing what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "stationary", "sitting down", "staying put", "lay still", "be still" ] } }
""
"6fdd72f6a7e5c997"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where do people go if they are looking for a taxi?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "street corner", "apartment", "space shuttle", "public place", "garden" ] } }
""
"113ff41fb2c9ca5f"
"en"
{ "stem": "The scientists dealt with many preserved specimens, so their what was equipped with cold storage?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "laboratory", "warehouse", "freezer", "book store", "refrigerator" ] } }
""
"29f5a96e01e85b23"
"en"
{ "stem": "When I gentleman needs to use the facilities while out for dinner he goes to the what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "tuxedo", "exercise room", "restaurant", "big house", "men's room" ] } }
""
"9f0b774823c6c3bd"
"en"
{ "stem": "What does playing soccer and winning lead to?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "overtime", "getting tired", "excitement", "anger", "fights" ] } }
""
"ffde045dfd71e0e5"
"en"
{ "stem": "The drama had quite an affect on the humans, the highs and lows had them all what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "give up", "bald", "very adaptable", "male or female", "emotional" ] } }
""
"a030b1fb51afc265"
"en"
{ "stem": "While laid up in the hospital she tried remembering good times, like that massage on vacation that brought great what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "dream", "knowing", "pleasure", "depression", "nostalgia" ] } }
""
"06d6fa61af4b6d8c"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where would a woman store her leg razor?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "medicine cabinet", "barber shop", "psycho's pocket", "suitcase", "outside" ] } }
""
"3fa0768d2ebc7497"
"en"
{ "stem": "I wish to attach two pieces of paper without using glue, what should I use?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "stapler", "pantry", "office", "desk drawer", "stick" ] } }
""
"3d7efa026314298c"
"en"
{ "stem": "Some people don't have insurance, they can expect a long wait in the waiting room when they go to the walk in what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "maternity ward", "dentist's office", "doctor's office", "private doctor", "clinic" ] } }
""
"070c79090cf85f2f"
"en"
{ "stem": "Many homes in this country are built around a courtyard. Where is it?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "candidate", "office complex", "lawn", "asshole", "spain" ] } }
""
"ec21da0ba5239eb1"
"en"
{ "stem": "The teacher explained that even though everybody is general each of the students was an individual, she wanted each student to feel what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "specific", "special", "particular", "advance forces to city", "particular" ] } }
""
"d855a296071c6ff2"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where might jellyfish stay warm?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "atlantic ocean", "bikini bottom", "japanese restaurant", "pacific ocean", "store" ] } }
""
"e14e6c15401f7f83"
"en"
{ "stem": "The flower grew tall to compete for sunlight, what did its neighbor do?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "blossom", "park", "cast shadow", "open", "vase" ] } }
""
"c305012f8fed5756"
"en"
{ "stem": "You'll see the plains and mountains when driving through where?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "countryside", "middle america", "beach", "landscape", "georgia" ] } }
""
"86059e64ba8e315a"
"en"
{ "stem": "He was washing hands, what happened to his hands as a result?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "become wet", "health", "jazz hands", "skin irritation", "dry skin" ] } }
""
"c7e0f3b56cb211d8"
"en"
{ "stem": "When a person is beginning work, what are they building?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "time", "accomplishing", "working", "tiredness", "momentum" ] } }
""
"9e2be997cfffbf77"
"en"
{ "stem": "What did the adult do before the job interview?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "work", "dress himself", "marry", "dress herself", "drive train" ] } }
""
"d0e8ff214b9d141f"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where is a good place to store water?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "toilet", "boot", "bridge", "ocean", "jar" ] } }
""
"dc0f4b7bbd45f6e3"
"en"
{ "stem": "What vehicle uses a chain to move the back wheel?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "car", "bicycle", "motorbike", "tow truck", "gear shift" ] } }
""
"0aa8f8e2804f1d78"
"en"
{ "stem": "If one wants to breathe while they sleep, air needs to be inside of what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "cupboard", "surface of earth", "space shuttle", "supermarket balloon", "house" ] } }
""
"0acf605156db35c1"
"en"
{ "stem": "What does a person who likes school also do?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "fever", "play dumb", "enjoy learning", "catch cold", "read text" ] } }
""
"809c29a9ef51a95d"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where are you if your bieifcase is going through an x-ray machine?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "airport", "courtroom", "luggage store", "office building", "hand" ] } }
""
"3e224af569bed9f4"
"en"
{ "stem": "You can use a notepad to keep track of agenda items during a what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "holdup", "back pocket", "drug store", "meeting", "school" ] } }
""
"3125aaa56c0aa8e5"
"en"
{ "stem": "Why does someone clean their house from pollen?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "injury", "healthy living", "tidy up", "using water", "allergies" ] } }
""
"84d1753d7047956c"
"en"
{ "stem": "What leads a company to get in trouble?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "mail order", "branch out", "procure", "liquidated", "commit crime" ] } }
""
"87a0eb9cbbe2472d"
"en"
{ "stem": "Rather than appreciating the rolling hills, what seemed plain to the angst filled teenager?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "mid west", "georgia", "countryside", "the south", "landscape" ] } }
""
"546e845102d7fd5d"
"en"
{ "stem": "For many kids playing baseball is an American pastime, it brings them great what to play?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "sore muscles", "injury", "happiness", "errors", "sadness" ] } }
""
"3b5cca9574fd59d7"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where are you likely to get very fresh fruit?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "sand", "tree", "san francisco", "market", "refrigerator" ] } }
""
"2edb85ee251123c6"
"en"
{ "stem": "What is a sign that you might not be living soon?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "growing older", "reproducing", "palpitations", "perspiration", "shuddering" ] } }
""
"e9f16f76015c12e6"
"en"
{ "stem": "Sam didn't like the people he met while traveling. What might he do to get away from them?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "make art", "airplane", "learn from each other", "go out", "come home" ] } }
""
"a832dd762b3847cc"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where can you find a musician that no one is listening to?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "subway station", "symphony", "studio", "orchestra", "stage" ] } }
""
"24fdcd85c6f66bf4"
"en"
{ "stem": "What do rich people like in terms of bagels?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "poor", "sleepy", "homeless", "needy", "plain" ] } }
""
"38b91b7f6193c76a"
"en"
{ "stem": "Billy couldn't get the hang of riding a horse. He didn't like going fast because it made him feel something. What did it make him feel?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "stiffness", "jolting", "blisters", "movement", "fear" ] } }
""
"89b1d9a57e50fbc2"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where might a conductor have a hard time seeing ahead due to darkness?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "lead orchestra", "subway", "lead play", "opera", "orchestra" ] } }
""
"1736ee4c9b62c67e"
"en"
{ "stem": "For convenience some customers want things straight to the doorstep and use what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "spend money", "demand satisfaction", "place money on counter", "pay merchants with money", "mail orders" ] } }
""
"c5eded159a20eba2"
"en"
{ "stem": "Billy thought that he was smart, but many of his attitudes didn't were very regressive. How might you describe him?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "backward", "ignorant", "garish", "intelligent", "annoying" ] } }
""
"435a9567a399bbc0"
"en"
{ "stem": "After the killing of another young member of the community people began to really what?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "get in trouble", "commit crime", "die", "getting hurt", "feel anger" ] } }
""
"4679aee0a4a3706b"
"en"
{ "stem": "In many species of animal the whats are the dominate ones?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "tall", "males", "mammals", "reproduce asexually", "attack" ] } }
""
"3ebe6dee0f7d2ae3"
"en"
{ "stem": "If two people are walking into a house, what do they plan to do?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "talk to each other", "sleep together", "need each other", "own things", "have fun" ] } }
""
"bbfee7479f76e312"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where does a potato enlarge?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "garden patch", "ireland", "vegetable stew", "grocery store", "optical device" ] } }
""
"6936fa00132b7326"
"en"
{ "stem": "If people have no contact with others they will experience what emotion?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "talk to each other", "togetherness", "feed themselves", "compete with each other", "feel lonely" ] } }
""
"b0794b2c38d376e3"
"en"
{ "stem": "The lights were used for a safe landing, so where were they installed?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "building", "plane", "road", "carnival", "turned at night" ] } }
""
"c2de821a0fc4ca87"
"en"
{ "stem": "What happens when to ice when it is in the sun?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "melted", "carved", "ice cream", "antarctica", "sculptured" ] } }
""
"257631ba5d478560"
"en"
{ "stem": "When chatting with friends you admire, what are you hoping to achieve?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "feel close to", "exchanging information", "love", "exchanging smiles", "social approval" ] } }
""
"529258a5349d2ae7"
"en"
{ "stem": "What did the business require of everyone walking into their store?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "have a great day.", "learn", "hope for peace", "wear shoes", "do well" ] } }
""
"1b6810be314413e1"
"en"
{ "stem": "Where would there be many people sitting in chair and listening to religious speech?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "auditorium", "office", "synagogue", "confession", "church" ] } }
""
"c0e130d5eb188da9"
"en"
{ "stem": "Some might say that if you want to do something that results in changing society then you need to start from within, to do this what would you be doing?", "choices": { "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "riots", "change yourself", "vote", "social activism", "change clothes" ] } }
""
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

Dataset Card for X-CSR

Dataset Summary

To evaluate multi-lingual language models (ML-LMs) for commonsense reasoning in a cross-lingual zero-shot transfer setting (X-CSR), i.e., training in English and test in other languages, we create two benchmark datasets, namely X-CSQA and X-CODAH. Specifically, we automatically translate the original CSQA and CODAH datasets, which only have English versions, to 15 other languages, forming development and test sets for studying X-CSR. As our goal is to evaluate different ML-LMs in a unified evaluation protocol for X-CSR, we argue that such translated examples, although might contain noise, can serve as a starting benchmark for us to obtain meaningful analysis, before more human-translated datasets will be available in the future.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

https://inklab.usc.edu//XCSR/leaderboard

Languages

The total 16 languages for X-CSR: {en, zh, de, es, fr, it, jap, nl, pl, pt, ru, ar, vi, hi, sw, ur}.

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

An example of the X-CSQA dataset:

{
  "id": "be1920f7ba5454ad",  # an id shared by all languages
  "lang": "en", # one of the 16 language codes.
  "question": { 
    "stem": "What will happen to your knowledge with more learning?",   # question text
    "choices": [
      {"label": "A",  "text": "headaches" },
      {"label": "B",  "text": "bigger brain" },
      {"label": "C",  "text": "education" },
      {"label": "D",  "text": "growth" },
      {"label": "E",  "text": "knowing more" }
    ] },
  "answerKey": "D"    # hidden for test data.
}

An example of the X-CODAH dataset:

{
  "id": "b8eeef4a823fcd4b",   # an id shared by all languages
  "lang": "en", # one of the 16 language codes.
  "question_tag": "o",  # one of 6 question types
  "question": {
    "stem": " ", # always a blank as a dummy question
    "choices": [
      {"label": "A",
        "text": "Jennifer loves her school very much, she plans to drop every courses."},
      {"label": "B",
        "text": "Jennifer loves her school very much, she is never absent even when she's sick."},
      {"label": "C",
        "text": "Jennifer loves her school very much, she wants to get a part-time job."},
      {"label": "D",
        "text": "Jennifer loves her school very much, she quits school happily."}
    ]
  },
  "answerKey": "B"  # hidden for test data.
}

Data Fields

  • id: an id shared by all languages
  • lang: one of the 16 language codes.
  • question_tag: one of 6 question types
  • stem: always a blank as a dummy question
  • choices: a list of answers, each answer has:
    • label: a string answer identifier for each answer
    • text: the answer text

Data Splits

  • X-CSQA: There are 8,888 examples for training in English, 1,000 for development in each language, and 1,074 examples for testing in each language.
  • X-CODAH: There are 8,476 examples for training in English, 300 for development in each language, and 1,000 examples for testing in each language.

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

To evaluate multi-lingual language models (ML-LMs) for commonsense reasoning in a cross-lingual zero-shot transfer setting (X-CSR), i.e., training in English and test in other languages, we create two benchmark datasets, namely X-CSQA and X-CODAH.

The details of the dataset construction, especially the translation procedures, can be found in section A of the appendix of the paper.

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

[Needs More Information]

Who are the source language producers?

[Needs More Information]

Annotations

Annotation process

[Needs More Information]

Who are the annotators?

[Needs More Information]

Personal and Sensitive Information

[Needs More Information]

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

[Needs More Information]

Discussion of Biases

[Needs More Information]

Other Known Limitations

[Needs More Information]

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

[Needs More Information]

Licensing Information

[Needs More Information]

Citation Information

# X-CSR
@inproceedings{lin-etal-2021-common,
    title = "Common Sense Beyond {E}nglish: Evaluating and Improving Multilingual Language Models for Commonsense Reasoning",
    author = "Lin, Bill Yuchen  and
      Lee, Seyeon  and
      Qiao, Xiaoyang  and
      Ren, Xiang",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the 59th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 11th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (Volume 1: Long Papers)",
    month = aug,
    year = "2021",
    address = "Online",
    publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
    url = "https://aclanthology.org/2021.acl-long.102",
    doi = "10.18653/v1/2021.acl-long.102",
    pages = "1274--1287",
    abstract = "Commonsense reasoning research has so far been limited to English. We aim to evaluate and improve popular multilingual language models (ML-LMs) to help advance commonsense reasoning (CSR) beyond English. We collect the Mickey corpus, consisting of 561k sentences in 11 different languages, which can be used for analyzing and improving ML-LMs. We propose Mickey Probe, a language-general probing task for fairly evaluating the common sense of popular ML-LMs across different languages. In addition, we also create two new datasets, X-CSQA and X-CODAH, by translating their English versions to 14 other languages, so that we can evaluate popular ML-LMs for cross-lingual commonsense reasoning. To improve the performance beyond English, we propose a simple yet effective method {---} multilingual contrastive pretraining (MCP). It significantly enhances sentence representations, yielding a large performance gain on both benchmarks (e.g., +2.7{\%} accuracy for X-CSQA over XLM-R{\_}L).",
}

# CSQA
@inproceedings{Talmor2019commonsenseqaaq,
    address = {Minneapolis, Minnesota},
    author = {Talmor, Alon  and Herzig, Jonathan  and Lourie, Nicholas and Berant, Jonathan},
    booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2019 Conference of the North {A}merican Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, Volume 1 (Long and Short Papers)},
    doi = {10.18653/v1/N19-1421},
    pages = {4149--4158},
    publisher = {Association for Computational Linguistics},
    title = {CommonsenseQA: A Question Answering Challenge Targeting Commonsense Knowledge},
    url = {https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/N19-1421},
    year = {2019}
}

# CODAH
@inproceedings{Chen2019CODAHAA,
    address = {Minneapolis, USA},
    author = {Chen, Michael  and D{'}Arcy, Mike  and Liu, Alisa  and Fernandez, Jared  and Downey, Doug},
    booktitle = {Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Evaluating Vector Space Representations for {NLP}},
    doi = {10.18653/v1/W19-2008},
    pages = {63--69},
    publisher = {Association for Computational Linguistics},
    title = {CODAH: An Adversarially-Authored Question Answering Dataset for Common Sense},
    url = {https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W19-2008},
    year = {2019}
}

Contributions

Thanks to Bill Yuchen Lin, Seyeon Lee, Xiaoyang Qiao, Xiang Ren for adding this dataset.

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