Dataset Card for WikiANN

Dataset Summary

WikiANN (sometimes called PAN-X) is a multilingual named entity recognition dataset consisting of Wikipedia articles annotated with LOC (location), PER (person), and ORG (organisation) tags in the IOB2 format. This version corresponds to the balanced train, dev, and test splits of Rahimi et al. (2019), which supports 176 of the 282 languages from the original WikiANN corpus.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

  • named-entity-recognition: The dataset can be used to train a model for named entity recognition in many languages, or evaluate the zero-shot cross-lingual capabilities of multilingual models.


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Dataset Structure

Data Instances

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Data Fields

  • tokens: a list of string features.
  • langs: a list of string features that correspond to the language of each token.
  • ner_tags: a list of classification labels, with possible values including O (0), B-PER (1), I-PER (2), B-ORG (3), I-ORG (4), B-LOC (5), I-LOC (6).
  • spans: a list of string features, that is the list of named entities in the input text formatted as <TAG>: <mention>

Data Splits

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Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

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Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

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Who are the source language producers?

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Annotation process

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Who are the annotators?

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Personal and Sensitive Information

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Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

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Discussion of Biases

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Other Known Limitations

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Additional Information

Dataset Curators

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Licensing Information

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Citation Information

The original 282 datasets are associated with this article

    title = "Cross-lingual Name Tagging and Linking for 282 Languages",
    author = "Pan, Xiaoman  and
      Zhang, Boliang  and
      May, Jonathan  and
      Nothman, Joel  and
      Knight, Kevin  and
      Ji, Heng",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)",
    month = jul,
    year = "2017",
    address = "Vancouver, Canada",
    publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
    url = "",
    doi = "10.18653/v1/P17-1178",
    pages = "1946--1958",
    abstract = "The ambitious goal of this work is to develop a cross-lingual name tagging and linking framework for 282 languages that exist in Wikipedia. Given a document in any of these languages, our framework is able to identify name mentions, assign a coarse-grained or fine-grained type to each mention, and link it to an English Knowledge Base (KB) if it is linkable. We achieve this goal by performing a series of new KB mining methods: generating {``}silver-standard{''} annotations by transferring annotations from English to other languages through cross-lingual links and KB properties, refining annotations through self-training and topic selection, deriving language-specific morphology features from anchor links, and mining word translation pairs from cross-lingual links. Both name tagging and linking results for 282 languages are promising on Wikipedia data and on-Wikipedia data.",

while the 176 languages supported in this version are associated with the following article

    title = "Massively Multilingual Transfer for {NER}",
    author = "Rahimi, Afshin  and
      Li, Yuan  and
      Cohn, Trevor",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics",
    month = jul,
    year = "2019",
    address = "Florence, Italy",
    publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
    url = "",
    pages = "151--164",


Thanks to @lewtun and @rabeehk for adding this dataset.

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