# Datasets:wiki_qa

Languages: English
Multilinguality: monolingual
Size Categories: 10K<n<100K
Language Creators: found
Annotations Creators: crowdsourced
Source Datasets: original
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Q1
how are glacier caves formed?
Glacier cave
A partly submerged glacier cave on Perito Moreno Glacier .
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Q1
how are glacier caves formed?
Glacier cave
The ice facade is approximately 60 m high
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Q1
how are glacier caves formed?
Glacier cave
Ice formations in the Titlis glacier cave
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Q1
how are glacier caves formed?
Glacier cave
A glacier cave is a cave formed within the ice of a glacier .
11
Q1
how are glacier caves formed?
Glacier cave
Glacier caves are often called ice caves , but this term is properly used to describe bedrock caves that contain year-round ice.
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Q2
How are the directions of the velocity and force vectors related in a circular motion
Circular motion
In physics , circular motion is a movement of an object along the circumference of a circle or rotation along a circular path.
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Q2
How are the directions of the velocity and force vectors related in a circular motion
Circular motion
It can be uniform, with constant angular rate of rotation (and constant speed), or non-uniform with a changing rate of rotation.
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Q2
How are the directions of the velocity and force vectors related in a circular motion
Circular motion
The rotation around a fixed axis of a three-dimensional body involves circular motion of its parts.
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Q2
How are the directions of the velocity and force vectors related in a circular motion
Circular motion
The equations of motion describe the movement of the center of mass of a body.
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Q2
How are the directions of the velocity and force vectors related in a circular motion
Circular motion
Examples of circular motion include: an artificial satellite orbiting the Earth at constant height, a stone which is tied to a rope and is being swung in circles, a car turning through a curve in a race track , an electron moving perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field , and a gear turning inside a mechanism.
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Q2
How are the directions of the velocity and force vectors related in a circular motion
Circular motion
Since the object's velocity vector is constantly changing direction, the moving object is undergoing acceleration by a centripetal force in the direction of the center of rotation.
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Q2
How are the directions of the velocity and force vectors related in a circular motion
Circular motion
Without this acceleration, the object would move in a straight line, according to Newton's laws of motion .
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Q5
how did apollo creed die
Apollo Creed
Apollo Creed is a fictional character from the Rocky films , initially portrayed as the Undisputed Heavyweight Champion of the World.
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Q5
how did apollo creed die
Apollo Creed
He was played by Carl Weathers .
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Q5
how did apollo creed die
Apollo Creed
Creed had multiple nicknames, including The Master of Disaster, The King of Sting, The Dancing Destroyer, The Prince of Punch, The One and Only and The Count of Monte Fisto.
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Q5
how did apollo creed die
Apollo Creed
Urban legend states that Apollo Creed's name is a wordplay on the Apostles' Creed , a statement of belief used in Christian churches.
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Q5
how did apollo creed die
Apollo Creed
All of Apollo's championship fights were scheduled for the 15 round distance.
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Q5
how did apollo creed die
Apollo Creed
Championship fights did not convert from 15 rounds to 12 rounds until 1987.
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Q5
how did apollo creed die
Apollo Creed
Rocky Balboa is often wrongly credited with popularizing the red, white, and blue trunks; Creed was the first man to wear them (latterly worn by Rocky Balboa in the 3rd and 4th installments and finally by Tommy "The Machine" Gunn ( Tommy Morrison ) in the 5th installment) although normally he wore red and white, as seen in Rocky II.
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Q5
how did apollo creed die
Apollo Creed
Balboa's signature colors were black and gold—colors he used in the latest movie .
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Q6
how long is the term for federal judges
United States federal judge
In the United States, the title of federal judge usually means a judge appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the United States Senate pursuant to the Appointments Clause in Article II of the United States Constitution .
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Q6
how long is the term for federal judges
United States federal judge
In addition to the Supreme Court of the United States , whose existence and some aspects of whose jurisdiction are beyond the constitutional power of Congress to alter, acts of Congress have established 13 courts of appeals (also called "circuit courts") with appellate jurisdiction over different regions of the United States, and 94 United States district courts .
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Q6
how long is the term for federal judges
United States federal judge
Every judge appointed to such a court may be categorized as a federal judge; such positions include the Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, Circuit Judges of the courts of appeals, and district judges of the United States district courts .
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Q6
how long is the term for federal judges
United States federal judge
All of these judges described thus far are referred to sometimes as "Article III judges" because they exercise the judicial power vested in the judicial branch of the federal government by Article III of the U.S. Constitution.
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Q6
how long is the term for federal judges
United States federal judge
In addition, judges of the Court of International Trade exercise judicial power pursuant to Article III.
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Q6
how long is the term for federal judges
United States federal judge
Other judges serving in the federal courts, including magistrate judges and bankruptcy judges , are also sometimes referred to as "federal judges"; however, they are neither appointed by the President nor confirmed by the Senate, and their power derives from Article I instead.
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Q6
how long is the term for federal judges
United States federal judge
See Article I and Article III tribunals .
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Q7
how a beretta model 21 pistols magazines works
Beretta 21A Bobcat
The Beretta 21A Bobcat is a small pocket-sized semi-automatic pistol designed by Beretta in Italy.
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Q7
how a beretta model 21 pistols magazines works
Beretta 21A Bobcat
Production began in late 1984, solely in the Beretta U.S.A. facility in Accokeek, Maryland.
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Q7
how a beretta model 21 pistols magazines works
Beretta 21A Bobcat
It is a further development of the Beretta Model 20, whose production ended in 1985.
00
Q9
how a vul works
Variable universal life insurance
Variable Universal Life Insurance (often shortened to VUL) is a type of life insurance that builds a cash value.
00
Q9
how a vul works
Variable universal life insurance
In a VUL, the cash value can be invested in a wide variety of separate accounts , similar to mutual funds , and the choice of which of the available separate accounts to use is entirely up to the contract owner.
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Q9
how a vul works
Variable universal life insurance
The 'variable' component in the name refers to this ability to invest in separate accounts whose values vary—they vary because they are invested in stock and/or bond markets.
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Q9
how a vul works
Variable universal life insurance
The 'universal' component in the name refers to the flexibility the owner has in making premium payments.
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Q9
how a vul works
Variable universal life insurance
The premiums can vary from nothing in a given month up to maximums defined by the Internal Revenue Code for life insurance.
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Q9
how a vul works
Variable universal life insurance
This flexibility is in contrast to whole life insurance that has fixed premium payments that typically cannot be missed without lapsing the policy (although one may exercise an Automatic Premium Loan feature, or surrender dividends to pay a Whole Life premium).
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Q9
how a vul works
Variable universal life insurance
Variable universal life is a type of permanent life insurance , because the death benefit will be paid if the insured dies any time as long as there is sufficient cash value to pay the costs of insurance in the policy.
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Q9
how a vul works
Variable universal life insurance
With most if not all VULs, unlike whole life, there is no endowment age (the age at which the cash value equals the death benefit amount, which for whole life is typically 100).
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Q9
how a vul works
Variable universal life insurance
This is yet another key advantage of VUL over Whole Life.
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Q9
how a vul works
Variable universal life insurance
With a typical whole life policy, the death benefit is limited to the face amount specified in the policy, and at endowment age, the face amount is all that is paid out.
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Q9
how a vul works
Variable universal life insurance
Thus with either death or endowment, the insurance company keeps any cash value built up over the years.
00
Q9
how a vul works
Variable universal life insurance
However, some participating whole life policies offer riders which specify that any dividends paid on the policy be used to purchase "paid up additions" to the policy which increase both the cash value and the death benefit over time.
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Q9
how a vul works
Variable universal life insurance
If investments made in the separate accounts out-perform the general account of the insurance company, a higher rate-of-return can occur than the fixed rates-of-return typical for whole life.
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Q9
how a vul works
Variable universal life insurance
The combination over the years of no endowment age, continually increasing death benefit, and if a high rate-of-return is earned in the separate accounts of a VUL policy, this could result in higher value to the owner or beneficiary than that of a whole life policy with the same amounts of money paid in as premiums.
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Q10
how an outdoor wood boiler works
Outdoor wood-fired boiler
The outdoor wood boiler is a variant of the classic wood stove adapted for set-up outdoors while still transferring the heat to interior buildings.
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Q12
how big did girl scout cookie boxes used to be
A mound of Girl Scout cookies.
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Q12
how big did girl scout cookie boxes used to be
This mound contains 74 boxes of cookies
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Q12
how big did girl scout cookie boxes used to be
Girl Scout Cookies are cookies sold by Girl Scouts of the USA (GSUSA) as one of its major fundraisers for local Scout units.
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Q12
how big did girl scout cookie boxes used to be
Members of the GSUSA have been selling cookies since 1917 to raise funds.
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Q12
how big did girl scout cookie boxes used to be
Girls who participate can earn prizes for their efforts.
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Q12
how big did girl scout cookie boxes used to be
There are also unit incentives if the unit as a whole does well.
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Q12
how big did girl scout cookie boxes used to be
As of 2007, sales were estimated at about 200 million boxes per year.
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Q13
how big is the purdue greek system
Purdue University
University Hall
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Q13
how big is the purdue greek system
Purdue University
Purdue University, located in West Lafayette, Indiana , is the flagship university of the six-campus Purdue University system .
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Q13
how big is the purdue greek system
Purdue University
Purdue was founded on May 6, 1869, as a land-grant university when the Indiana General Assembly , taking advantage of the Morrill Act , accepted a donation of land and money from Lafayette businessman John Purdue to establish a college of science, technology, and agriculture in his name.
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Q13
how big is the purdue greek system
Purdue University
The first classes were held on September 16, 1874, with six instructors and 39 students.
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Q13
how big is the purdue greek system
Purdue University
Today, Purdue is a member of the Big Ten Conference , and is a well known world-class research institution.
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Q13
how big is the purdue greek system
Purdue University
Purdue enrolls the second largest student body of any university in Indiana as well as the fourth largest international student population of any university in the United States.
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Q13
how big is the purdue greek system
Purdue University
Purdue offers both undergraduate and graduate programs in over 211 major areas of study, and is well known for its competitive engineering curricula.
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Q13
how big is the purdue greek system
Purdue University
The university has also been highly influential in America's history of aviation , having established the first college credit offered in flight training , the first four-year bachelor's degree in aviation, and the first university airport ( Purdue University Airport ).
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Q13
how big is the purdue greek system
Purdue University
Purdue's aviation technology program remains one of the most competitive aviation-specific programs in the world.
00
Q13
how big is the purdue greek system
Purdue University
In the mid-20th century, Purdue's aviation program expanded to encompass advanced spaceflight technology giving rise to Purdue's nickname, Cradle of Astronauts.
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Q13
how big is the purdue greek system
Purdue University
Twenty-three Purdue graduates have gone on to become astronauts, including Gus Grissom (one of the original Mercury Seven astronauts), Neil Armstrong (the first person to walk on the moon), and Eugene Cernan (the most recent person to walk on the moon).
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Q14
how big do sebaceous cysts get
Sebaceous cyst
A sebaceous cyst () is a term that loosely refers to either epidermoid cysts (also known as epidermal cysts; L72.0 ) or pilar cysts (also known as trichilemmal cysts; L72.1 ).
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Q14
how big do sebaceous cysts get
Sebaceous cyst
Because an epidermoid cyst originates in the epidermis and a pilar cyst originates from hair follicles , by definition, neither type of cyst is strictly a sebaceous cyst.
00
Q14
how big do sebaceous cysts get
Sebaceous cyst
The name is regarded as a misnomer as the fatty, white, semi-solid material in both of these cyst entities is not sebum , but keratin .
00
Q14
how big do sebaceous cysts get
Sebaceous cyst
Furthermore, under the microscope neither entity contains sebaceous glands .
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Q14
how big do sebaceous cysts get
Sebaceous cyst
In practice, however, the terms are often used interchangeably.
00
Q14
how big do sebaceous cysts get
Sebaceous cyst
"True" sebaceous cysts are relatively rare and are known as steatocystomas or, if multiple, as steatocystoma multiplex .
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Q15
Pointe shoe
Modern pointe shoes.
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Q15
Pointe shoe
The edge of the toe pad, which is inserted between the foot and toe box for cushioning, can be seen on the right foot.
00
Q15
Pointe shoe
A pointe shoe is a type of shoe worn by ballet dancers when performing pointe work .
00
Q15
Pointe shoe
Pointe shoes developed from the desire for dancers to appear weightless and sylph -like and have evolved to enable dancers to dance en pointe (on the tips of their toes) for extended periods of time.
00
Q15
Pointe shoe
They are normally worn by female dancers, though male dancers may wear them for unorthodox roles such as the ugly stepsisters in Cinderella , Bottom in A Midsummer Night's Dream , or men performing as women in dance companies such as Les Ballets Trockadero and Grandiva.
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Q15
Pointe shoe
They are manufactured in a variety of colors, most commonly in shades of light pink.
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Q16
how much is 1 tablespoon of water
Tablespoon
This tablespoon has a capacity of about 15 mL.
11
Q16
how much is 1 tablespoon of water
Tablespoon
Measuring Spoons
00
Q16
how much is 1 tablespoon of water
Tablespoon
In the US and parts of Canada, a tablespoon is the largest type of spoon used for eating from a bowl.
00
Q16
how much is 1 tablespoon of water
Tablespoon
In the UK, Europe and most Commonwealth countries, a tablespoon is a type of large spoon usually used for serving.
00
Q16
how much is 1 tablespoon of water
Tablespoon
In countries where a tablespoon is a serving spoon, the nearest equivalent to the US tablespoon is either the dessert spoon or the soup spoon .
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Q16
how much is 1 tablespoon of water
Tablespoon
A tablespoonful, nominally the capacity of one tablespoon, is commonly used as a measure of volume in cooking .
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Q16
how much is 1 tablespoon of water
Tablespoon
It is abbreviated as T, tb, tbs, tbsp, tblsp, or tblspn.
00
Q16
how much is 1 tablespoon of water
Tablespoon
The capacity of ordinary tablespoons is not regulated by law and is subject to considerable variation.
00
Q16
how much is 1 tablespoon of water
Tablespoon
In the USA one tablespoon (measurement unit) is approximately 15 mL; the capacity of an actual tablespoon (dining utensil) ranges from 7 mL to 14 mL.
11
Q16
how much is 1 tablespoon of water
Tablespoon
In Australia one tablespoon (measurement unit) is 20 mL.
11
Q17
how much are the harry potter movies worth
Harry Potter
Harry Potter is a series of seven fantasy novels written by the British author J. K. Rowling .
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Q17
how much are the harry potter movies worth
Harry Potter
The books chronicle the adventures of a wizard , Harry Potter , and his friends Ronald Weasley and Hermione Granger , all of whom are students at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry .
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Q17
how much are the harry potter movies worth
Harry Potter
The main story arc concerns Harry's quest to overcome the Dark wizard Lord Voldemort , whose aims are to become immortal, conquer the wizarding world , subjugate non-magical people, and destroy all those who stand in his way, especially Harry Potter.
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Q17
how much are the harry potter movies worth
Harry Potter
Since the release of the first novel Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone on 30 June 1997, the books have gained immense popularity, critical acclaim and commercial success worldwide.
00
Q17
how much are the harry potter movies worth
Harry Potter
The series has also had some share of criticism, including concern for the increasingly dark tone.
00
Q17
how much are the harry potter movies worth
Harry Potter
, the book series has sold about 450 million copies, making it the best-selling book series in history , and has been translated into 67 languages .
00
Q17
how much are the harry potter movies worth
Harry Potter
The last four books consecutively set records as the fastest-selling books in history.
00
Q17
how much are the harry potter movies worth
Harry Potter
A series of many genres , including fantasy and coming of age (with elements of mystery , thriller , adventure , and romance ), it has many cultural meanings and references.
00
Q17
how much are the harry potter movies worth
Harry Potter
According to Rowling, the main theme is death.
00
Q17
how much are the harry potter movies worth
Harry Potter
There are also many other themes in the series, such as prejudice and corruption.
00
Q17
how much are the harry potter movies worth
Harry Potter
The initial major publishers of the books were Bloomsbury in the United Kingdom and Scholastic Press in the United States.
00
Q17
how much are the harry potter movies worth
Harry Potter
00
Q17
how much are the harry potter movies worth
Harry Potter
The books, with the seventh book split into two parts, have been made into an eight-part film series by Warner Bros. Pictures , the highest-grossing film series of all time.
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Q17
how much are the harry potter movies worth
Harry Potter
The series also originated much tie-in merchandise, making the Harry Potter brand worth in excess of $15 billion. 11 Q17 how much are the harry potter movies worth Harry Potter Also due to the success of the books and films, Harry Potter has been used for a theme park, The Wizarding World of Harry Potter in Universal Parks & Resorts 's Islands of Adventure . 00 # Dataset Card for "wiki_qa" ### Dataset Summary Wiki Question Answering corpus from Microsoft. The WikiQA corpus is a publicly available set of question and sentence pairs, collected and annotated for research on open-domain question answering. ### Supported Tasks and Leaderboards More Information Needed ### Languages More Information Needed ## Dataset Structure ### Data Instances #### default • Size of downloaded dataset files: 7.10 MB • Size of the generated dataset: 6.40 MB • Total amount of disk used: 13.50 MB An example of 'train' looks as follows. { "answer": "Glacier caves are often called ice caves , but this term is properly used to describe bedrock caves that contain year-round ice.", "document_title": "Glacier cave", "label": 0, "question": "how are glacier caves formed?", "question_id": "Q1" }  ### Data Fields The data fields are the same among all splits. #### default • question_id: a string feature. • question: a string feature. • document_title: a string feature. • answer: a string feature. • label: a classification label, with possible values including 0 (0), 1 (1). ### Data Splits name train validation test default 20360 2733 6165 ## Dataset Creation ### Curation Rationale More Information Needed ### Source Data #### Initial Data Collection and Normalization More Information Needed #### Who are the source language producers? More Information Needed ### Annotations #### Annotation process More Information Needed #### Who are the annotators? More Information Needed ### Personal and Sensitive Information More Information Needed ## Considerations for Using the Data ### Social Impact of Dataset More Information Needed ### Discussion of Biases More Information Needed ### Other Known Limitations More Information Needed ## Additional Information ### Dataset Curators More Information Needed ### Licensing Information MICROSOFT RESEARCH DATA LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR MICROSOFT RESEARCH WIKIQA CORPUS These license terms are an agreement between Microsoft Corporation (or based on where you live, one of its affiliates) and you. Please read them. They apply to the data associated with this license above, which includes the media on which you received it, if any. The terms also apply to any Microsoft: • updates, • supplements, • Internet-based services, and • support services for this data, unless other terms accompany those items. If so, those terms apply. BY USING THE DATA, YOU ACCEPT THESE TERMS. IF YOU DO NOT ACCEPT THEM, DO NOT USE THE DATA. If you comply with these license terms, you have the rights below. 1. SCOPE OF LICENSE. a. You may use, copy, modify, create derivative works, and distribute the Dataset: i. for research and technology development purposes only. Examples of research and technology development uses are teaching, academic research, public demonstrations and experimentation ; and ii. to publish (or present papers or articles) on your results from using such Dataset. b. The data is licensed, not sold. This agreement only gives you some rights to use the data. Microsoft reserves all other rights. 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YOU CAN RECOVER FROM MICROSOFT AND ITS SUPPLIERS ONLY DIRECT DAMAGES UP TO U.S.$5.00. YOU CANNOT RECOVER ANY OTHER DAMAGES, INCLUDING CONSEQUENTIAL, LOST PROFITS, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES.

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### Citation Information

@inproceedings{yang-etal-2015-wikiqa,
title = "{W}iki{QA}: A Challenge Dataset for Open-Domain Question Answering",
author = "Yang, Yi  and
Yih, Wen-tau  and
Meek, Christopher",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 2015 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing",
month = sep,
year = "2015",
publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
url = "https://aclanthology.org/D15-1237",
doi = "10.18653/v1/D15-1237",
pages = "2013--2018",
}


### Contributions

Thanks to @patrickvonplaten, @mariamabarham, @lewtun, @thomwolf for adding this dataset.