# Datasets:wiki_hop

Languages: English
Multilinguality: monolingual
Size Categories: 10K<n<100K
Language Creators: expert-generated
Annotations Creators: crowdsourced
Source Datasets: original
ArXiv:
Dataset Preview
id (string)question (string)answer (string)candidates (sequence)supports (sequence)annotations (sequence)
"WH_train_0"
"participant_of juan rossell"
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"WH_train_1"
"languages_spoken_or_written john osteen"
[ "Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth - most populous city in the United States after Chicago , located in Southeast Texas near the Gulf of Mexico . With a census - estimated 2014 population of 2 . 239 million within an area of , it also is the largest city in the Southern United States , as well as the seat of Harris County . It is the principal city of Houston The Woodlands Sugar Land , which is the fifth - most populated metropolitan area in the United States of America .", "John Hillery Osteen ( August 21 , 1921 -- January 23 , 1999 ) was the founder and first pastor of Lakewood Church in Houston , Texas , from its beginnings in 1959 until his death in 1999 . His son Joel Osteen then succeeded him as pastor .", "Lakewood Church is a nondenominational charismatic Christian megachurch located in Houston , Texas . It is the largest congregation in the United States , averaging about 52 , 000 attendees per week . The 16 , 800 - seat Lakewood Church Central Campus , home to four ___MASK46___ - language services and two Spanish - language services per week , is located at the former Compaq Center . Joel Osteen is the senior pastor of Lakewood Church with his wife , Victoria , who serves as co - pastor . Lakewood Church is a part of the Word of Faith movement .", "A Christian ( or ) is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity , an Abrahamic , monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ . \" Christian \" derives from the Koine ___MASK15___ word \" Christós \" ( ), a translation of the Biblical Hebrew term \" mashiach \".", "Mexico (, modern ___MASK67___ ), officially the United Mexican States , is a federal republic in the southern half of North America . It is bordered to the north by the United States ; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean ; to the southeast by Guatemala , Belize , and the Caribbean Sea ; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico . Covering almost two million square kilometers ( over 760 , 000 sq mi ), Mexico is the sixth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent nation in the world . With an estimated population of over 120 million , it is the eleventh most populous country and the most populous ___MASK25___ - speaking country in the world while being the second most populous country in Latin America . Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and a federal district that is also its capital and most populous city . Other metropolises include Guadalajara , Monterrey , Puebla , Toluca , Tijuana and León ." ]
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"WH_train_2"
"parent_taxon proaigialosaurus"
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"WH_train_3"
"parent_taxon australosuchus"
[ "Binomial nomenclature ( also called binominal nomenclature or binary nomenclature ) is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts , both of which use Latin grammatical forms , although they can be based on words from other languages . Such a name is called a binomial name ( which may be shortened to just \" binomial \"), a binomen or a scientific name ; more informally it is also called a Latin name . The first part of the name identifies the genus to which the species belongs ; the second part identifies the species within the genus . For example , humans belong to the genus \" ___MASK19___ \" and within this genus to the species \" ___MASK19___ sapiens \". The \" formal \" introduction of this system of naming species is credited to Carl Linnaeus , effectively beginning with his work \" Species Plantarum \" in 1753 . But Gaspard Bauhin , in as early as 1623 , had introduced in his book \" Pinax theatri botanici \" ( English , \" Illustrated exposition of plants \") many names of genera that were later adopted by Linnaeus .", "A genus ( genera ) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms in biology . In the hierarchy of biological classification , genus comes above species and below family . In binomial nomenclature , the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus .", "___MASK5___ was a subfamily of crocodiles from Australia and the South Pacific that have now become extinct . They first appear in the fossil record in the Eocene in Australia , and survived until the Pleistocene in Australia and until the arrival of humans in the Pacific islands of Fiji , New Caledonia and Vanuatu . There is however disagreement on whether or not ___MASK5___ is a subfamily within Crocodylidae , or a distinct family , Mekosuchidae , on its own within the superfamily ___MASK53___ .", "Australosuchus is an extinct genus of crocodylian belonging to the subfamily ___MASK5___ . The type and only known species Australosuchus clarkae lived during the Late Oligocene and the Early Miocene of southern Australia . The generic name Australosuchus means  Southern crocodile '' . It was described in 1991 from fossil material discovered at Lake Palankarinna in South Australia .", "In biology , an organism is any contiguous living system , such as an ___MASK80___ , plant , fungus , archaeon , or bacterium . All known types of organisms are capable of some degree of response to stimuli , reproduction , growth and development and homeostasis . An organism consists of one or more cells ; when it has one cell it is known as a unicellular organism ; and when it has more than one it is known as a multicellular organism . Most unicellular organisms are of microscopic scale and are thus loosely described as microorganisms . Humans are multicellular organisms composed of many trillions of cells grouped into specialized tissues and organs .", "Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia , is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent , the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands . It is the world ' s sixth - largest country by total ___MASK60___ . The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea , Indonesia and East Timor to the north ; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north - east ; and New Zealand to the south - east . Australia ' s capital is Canberra , and its largest urban ___MASK60___ is Sydney .", "Crocodiles ( subfamily Crocodylinae ) or true crocodiles are large aquatic reptiles that live throughout the tropics in Africa , Asia , the Americas and Australia . Crocodylinae , all of whose members are considered true crocodiles , is classified as a biological subfamily . A broader sense of the term ___MASK62___ , Crocodylidae that includes \" ___MASK16___ \", is not used in this article . The term ___MASK62___ here applies only to the species within the subfamily of Crocodylinae . The term is sometimes used even more loosely to include all extant members of the order ___MASK50___ , which includes \" ___MASK16___ \", the alligators and caimans ( family Alligatoridae ), the gharials ( family Gavialidae ), and all other living and fossil Crocodylomorpha ." ]
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"WH_train_4"
"occupation cao chong"
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"WH_train_5"
"occupation johnny rod"
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"WH_train_6"
"record_label method man "
[ "Mary Jane Blige ( born January 11 , 1971 ) is an American singer , songwriter , model , ___MASK47___ producer and actress . Starting her career as a background singer on Uptown Records in 1989 , Blige released her first album , \" What ' s the 411 ?\", in 1992 , and has released 12 studio albums since and made over 150 guest appearances on other albums and soundtracks .", "John William Oates ( born April 7 , 1948 ) is an American rock , R & B and soul guitarist , musician , songwriter and ___MASK47___ producer best known as half of the rock and soul duo , Hall & Oates ( with Daryl Hall ).", "Corey Quontrell Woods ( born January 12 , 1970 ), better known by the stage name ___MASK97___ , is an American rapper and a member of the Wu - Tang Clan . He released his solo debut , \" Only Built 4 Cuban Linx ...\" in 1995 , and has since recorded numerous solo albums , as well as continuing to work with Wu - Tang and providing an extensive number of guest contributions to other hip hop artists ' works . He is the founder of his own label ICEH20 Records .", "\" Protect Ya Neck \" is the debut single by hip hop group Wu - Tang Clan . The song is from the group ' s critically acclaimed first ___MASK74___ \" Enter the Wu - Tang ( 36 Chambers )\". It is produced by RZA ( then known as Prince Rakeem ) and features eight of the original nine Wu - Tang members .", "Lamont Jody Hawkins ( born October 11 , 1970 ), better known as U - God ( short for ___MASK57___ God ), is an American rapper and member of the hip hop collective , Wu - Tang Clan . He has been with the group since its inception , and is known for having a deep , rhythmic flow that can alternate between being gruff or smooth .", "Soul music ( often referred to simply as soul ) is a popular music genre that originated in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s . It combines elements of African - American gospel music , rhythm and blues and jazz . Soul music became popular for dancing and listening in the United States ; where ___MASK47___ labels such as ___MASK11___ , Atlantic and Stax were influential in the civil rights era . Soul also became popular around the world , directly influencing rock music and the music of Africa .", "Staten ___MASK46___ is one of the five boroughs of New York City in the U . S . state of New York . In the southwest of the city , Staten ___MASK46___ is the southernmost part of both the city and state of New York , with Conference House Park at the southern tip of the ___MASK46___ and the state . The borough is separated from New Jersey by the Arthur Kill and the Kill Van Kull , and from the rest of New York by New York Bay . With a 2015 Census - estimated population of 474 , 558 , Staten ___MASK46___ is the least populated of the boroughs but is the third - largest in area at . The borough is coextensive with Richmond County , and until 1975 was the Borough of Richmond . Its flag was later changed to reflect this . Staten ___MASK46___ has been sometimes called \" the forgotten borough \" by inhabitants who feel neglected by the city government .", "Dennis Coles ( born May 9 , 1970 ), better known by his stage name ___MASK63___ , is an American rapper and prominent member of the Wu - Tang Clan . After the group achieved breakthrough success in the aftermath of \" Enter the Wu - Tang ( 36 Chambers )\", the members went on to pursue solo careers to varying levels of success . ___MASK63___ debuted his solo - career with \" Ironman \" in 1996 , which was well received by music critics . He has continued his success over the following years with critically acclaimed albums such as \" Supreme Clientele \" ( 2000 ) and \" Fishscale \" ( 2006 ). His stage name was taken from one of the characters in the 1979 kung fu film \" Mystery of Chessboxing \". He is the founder of his own label Starks Enterprises .", "Wu - Tang Clan is an American hip hop group from New York City , originally composed of East Coast rappers RZA , GZA , Ol ' Dirty Bastard , Method Man , ___MASK97___ , Ghostface Killah , Inspectah Deck , U - God and Masta Killa . Cappadonna later became an official member of the group . The group was formed in and is associated with the New York City borough of Staten ___MASK46___ .", "Russell Tyrone Jones ( November 15 , 1968 November 13 , 2004 ), better known under his stage name Ol ' Dirty Bastard ( or ODB ), was an American rapper and producer . He was one of the founding members of the Wu - Tang Clan , a rap group primarily from Staten ___MASK46___ , New York which first rose to mainstream prominence with their 1993 debut album \" Enter the Wu - Tang ( 36 Chambers )\".", "___MASK76___ is a ___MASK47___ label founded by Steve Rifkind and Rich Isaacson in 1991 .", " Method Man '' is the B - side to the single  Protect Ya Neck '' from critically acclaimed debut ___MASK74___ by the Wu - Tang Clan titled Enter the Wu - Tang ( 36 Chambers ) . It was a solo track for the first successful solo star of the Wu - Tang Clan , Method Man . The song was chosen for The Source magazine 100 best rap singles . The refrain of the song ( M - E - T - H - O - D ) draws from the 1984 Hall & Oates hit  Method of Modern Love '' from Big Bam Boom . It is featured on The RZA Hits compilation . The remix is featured on Method Man ' s debut ___MASK74___ , Tical .", "\" Method of Modern Love \" is a single by the American duo Hall & Oates . It was released as the second single from their 1984 ___MASK74___ , \" Big Bam Boom \". The song reached number five on the \" Billboard \" Hot 100 in February 1985 and is included in numerous compilation albums except on the ___MASK74___ : .", "Clifford Smith ( born March 2 , 1971 ), better known by his stage name Method Man , is an American rapper , ___MASK47___ producer , and actor . He is known as a member of the East Coast hip hop collective Wu - Tang Clan . He is also one half of the hip hop duo Method Man & Redman . He took his stage name from the 1979 film \" Method Man \". In 1996 , he won a Grammy Award for Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group , for \" I ' ll Be There for You / You ' re All I Need to Get By \", with American R & B singer - songwriter Mary J . Blige .", "___MASK33___ Records is an American major record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment ( SME ). It is one of SME ' s flagship record labels alongside sister labels Columbia Records and Epic Records . The label has released multiple genres of music , including pop , rock , hip hop , R & B , blues , jazz , and country . The company ' s name is derived from the initials of the label ' s former parent company , Radio Corporation of America ( ___MASK33___ ). It is the second oldest recording company in U . S . history , after sister label Columbia Records . ___MASK33___ ' s Canadian unit ( formerly Berliner Gramophone Canada ) is Sony ' s oldest label in Canada . It was one of only two Canadian record companies to survive the Great Depression .", "Enter the Wu - Tang ( 36 Chambers ) is the debut studio ___MASK74___ by the American hip hop group Wu - Tang Clan , released November 9 , 1993 , on ___MASK76___ and distributed through ___MASK33___ Records . Recording sessions for the ___MASK74___ took place during 1992 to 1993 at Firehouse Studio in New York City , and it was mastered at The Hit Factory . The ___MASK74___ ' s title originates from the martial arts film \" The 36th Chamber of Shaolin \" ( 1978 ). The group ' s \" de facto \" leader RZA , also known as Prince Rakeem , produced the ___MASK74___ entirely , utilizing heavy , eerie beats and a sound largely based on martial - arts movie clips and soul music samples .", "A Grammy Award ( originally called Gramophone Award ), or Grammy , is an honor awarded by The Recording Academy to recognize outstanding achievement in the mainly ___MASK91___ - language music industry . The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists , and the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest . It shares recognition of the music industry as that of the other performance awards such as the Emmy Awards ( television ), the Tony Awards ( stage performance ), and the Academy Awards ( motion pictures ).", "Big Bam Boom is the twelfth studio ___MASK74___ by Daryl Hall & John Oates , released by ___MASK33___ Records late in 1984 . It marked the end of one of the most successful ___MASK74___ runs by a duo of the 1980s . ___MASK33___ issued a remastered version in July 2004 with four bonus tracks . The song \" Out of Touch \" ( the first single ) was a # 1 pop hit , and charted in several other areas (# 24 Hot Black Singles , # 8 on the Adult Contemporary charts and # 1 on the dance charts , # 48 in the UK ). Another song taken from the ___MASK74___ , the Daryl Hall and Janna Allen - penned \" Method of Modern Love \" reached a high point of # 5 .", "\" Out of Touch \" is a 1984 song by Hall & Oates . The lead single from their 1984 ___MASK74___ \" Big Bam Boom \", it was their last \" Billboard \" Hot 100 number one , topping the chart for two weeks in December 1984 . It became the duo ' s fourteenth consecutive top 40 hit since 1980 ." ]
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"WH_train_7"
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"WH_train_8"
"country_of_citizenship dan clark"
[ "BBC Choice was a BBC TV station which launched on 23 September 1998 and closed on 28 February 2003 . It was the first ___MASK64___ TV channel to broadcast exclusively in digital format , as well as the BBC ' s second non - terrestrial channel launch ( following on from the BBC News channel in 1997 ).", "BBC iPlayer is an internet streaming catchup television and radio service in the ___MASK10___ . The service is available on a wide range of devices , including mobile phones and tablets , personal computers , and smart televisions . Neither the iPlayer services nor the individual TV programmes display any commercial advertising . The terms BBC iPlayer , iPlayer , and BBC Media Player all refer to the same services .", "BBC Three ( stylised as BBC II !) is a ___MASK64___ digital publisher and broadcaster operated by the BBC . It launched on 16 February 2016 , having previously been a broadcast channel since 9 February 2003 . BBC Three was originally intended as a replacement for BBC Choice . The service ' s remit was to provide \" innovative \" programming to a target audience of viewers between 16 and 34 years old , leveraging technology as well as new talent .", "How Not to Live Your Life ( styled in the opening credits as \" how NOT to live your life \") was a ___MASK64___ sitcom , written by and starring Dan Clark that aired between 27 September 2007 and 22 December 2011 on BBC Three , about a neurotic twenty - nine - year - old man who is trying to navigate his way through life but is not helped by his bad instincts . After a pilot , the show debuted in 2008 with moderate ratings but grew over the course of the three series , doubling its ratings each series because of its cult following . The third series got viewing figures of 1 . 5 million across the week and was the second most watched show on BBC iPlayer . When BBC Three controller Danny Cohen left the channel , new controller Zai Bennett cancelled several comedies , including \" How Not to Live Your Life \".", "A ___MASK64___ sitcom is a situation comedy programme produced for ___MASK64___ television . Although styles of sitcom have changed over the years they tend to be based on a family , workplace or other institution , where the same group of contrasting characters is brought together in each episode . ___MASK64___ sitcoms are typically produced in one or more series of six episodes . Most such series are conceived and developed by one or two writers .", "The ___MASK64___ Broadcasting Corporation ( BBC ) is a ___MASK64___ public service broadcaster . It is headquartered at Broadcasting House in London , is the world ' s oldest national broadcasting organisation , and is the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees , with over 20 , 950 staff in total , of whom 16 , 672 are in public sector broadcasting ; including part - time , flexible as well as fixed contract staff , the total number is 35 , 402 .", "Daniel Gregory  Dan '' Clark ( born 3 July 1976 ) is an English actor , comedian , ___MASK53___ , director and singer . He is best known for playing Don Danbury on the BBC Three sitcom How Not to Live Your Life , which he also wrote , co - produced , and directed various episodes of . He has been a regular on the British comedy scene as both a sketch and stand - up comedian ." ]
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"WH_train_9"
"occupation will kidman"
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"WH_train_10"
"occupation s. p. y. reddy"
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"WH_train_11"
"director forward march hare"
[ "Foghorn J . Leghorn is a character that appears in the \" Looney Tunes \" and \" Merrie Melodies \" cartoons for Warner Bros . Pictures . He was created by ___MASK90___ and writer Warren Foster , and starred in 28 cartoons from 1946 to 1963 in the Golden Age of American Animation . All 28 of these cartoons were directed by McKimson .", "An animated series is a set of animated works with a common series title , usually related to one another . These episodes typically share the same main characters , some different secondary characters and a basic theme . Series can have either a finite number of episodes like a miniseries , a definite end , or be open - ended , without a predetermined number of episodes . They can be broadcast on television , shown in movie theatres , released direct - to - video or on the internet . Like animated films , animated series can be of a wide ___MASK96___ of genres and can also have different target audiences , from children to adults .", "Bugs Bunny is an animated cartoon character ; created in 1940 by Leon Schlesinger Productions ( later Warner Bros . Cartoons ) and voiced originally by the legendary vocal artist , Mel Blanc . Bugs is best known for his starring roles in the \" Looney Tunes \" and \" Merrie Melodies \" series of animated short films , produced by Warner Bros . during the golden age of American animation . His popularity during this era led to his becoming an American cultural icon , as well as the official mascot of Warner Bros . Entertainment .", "Forward March Hare is an animated Looney Tunes cartoon released in 1953 featuring Bugs Bunny . Bugs , accidentally drafted into the Army , causes havoc with his sergeant at basic training . The title relates to the March Hare . This cartoon was released during the final months of the Korean War .", "Looney Tunes is an American animated series of comedy short films produced by Warner Bros . from 1930 to 1969 during the golden age of American animation , alongside its sister series \" Merrie Melodies \". It was known for introducing such famous cartoon characters as Bugs Bunny , Daffy Duck , Porky Pig , Elmer Fudd , Tweety Bird , Sylvester the Cat , Yosemite Sam , Foghorn Leghorn , Marvin the Martian , Pepé Le Pew , Speedy Gonzales , Wile E . Coyote and the Road Runner , the Tasmanian Devil and many others . These characters themselves are commonly referred to as the \" Looney Tunes \".", "Warner Bros . Cartoons , Inc . was the in - house division of Warner Bros . Pictures during the Golden Age of American animation . One of the most successful animation studios in American media history , Warner Bros . Cartoons was primarily responsible for the \" Looney Tunes \" and \" Merrie Melodies \" theatrical cartoon short subjects . The characters featured in these cartoons , including Bugs Bunny , Daffy Duck , Porky Pig , Speedy Gonzales , Sylvester and Tweety , Wile E . Coyote and The Road Runner , are among the most famous and recognizable characters in the world . Many of the creative staff members at the studio , including directors and animators such as ___MASK83___ , Friz Freleng , Robert McKimson , Tex Avery , Robert Clampett and Frank Tashlin , are considered major figures in the art and history of traditional animation ." ]
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"WH_train_12"
"occupation carol speed"
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"WH_train_13"
"instance_of sally lunn bun"
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"WH_train_14"
"instance_of snuggle hitch"
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"WH_train_15"
"genre the chinese lake murders"
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"WH_train_16"
"instance_of thomas pitt "
[ "Detective ___MASK75___ is a subgenre of ___MASK13___ ___MASK75___ and mystery ___MASK75___ in which an investigator or a detective either ___MASK32___ or amateur investigates a ___MASK13___ , often murder .", "Inspector William ___MASK74___ is a ___MASK31___ created by the writer Anne Perry and hero of a series of books .", "Anne Perry ( born 28 ___MASK81___ 1938 as Juliet Marion Hulme ) is an English author of historical detective fiction , best known for her Thomas Pitt and William Monk series . At the age of fifteen she was convicted of participating in the murder of her friend ' s mother , in 1954 . She changed her name after serving her five - year sentence .", "Thomas Pitt is the ___MASK99___ in a series of detective novels by Anne Perry . Pitt is from a working - class background in Victorian London . His father was a gamekeeper on a landed estate and Pitt was educated alongside the son of the house . He was prompted to enter the police force after his father was wrongly accused of poaching game and transported to Australia . At the beginning of the series , Pitt is a police inspector , but was promoted to superintendent . Later he is removed from his job as a result of investigating the  wrong people '' , i . e . those with sufficient influence and power , and joins the Special Branch , in which he becomes an inspector . Later he is promoted to commander as Head of Special Branch . His wife , Charlotte ( née Ellison ) , is from an upper - class family . Her sister Emily ' s first husband was a viscount and her second husband is a rising politician . Charlotte frequently uses Emily ' s connections to the landed gentry and aristocracy to assist Pitt in his investigations . Charlotte relies on her maid , Gracie , to take care for her children , Jemima and Daniel , when she is investigating a mystery . Charlotte ' s well - intentioned interference in her husband ' s investigations gives Pitt access to information which enables him to solve the case . Vespasia Cumming - Gould , the elderly aunt of Emily ' s first husband , becomes a friend to both Emily and Charlotte and eases their way into society . The first novel , The Cater Street Hangman , was adapted for TV in 1998 ; it starred Eoin McCarthy and Keeley Hawes and featured Hannah Spearritt in her acting debut .", "A ___MASK99___ is the main character in any story , such as a literary work or drama ." ]
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"WH_train_17"
"date_of_death alphonse-fortunat martin"
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"WH_train_18"
"continent easter island"
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"WH_train_19"
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"WH_train_20"
"narrative_location hustle "
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