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sentence (string)is_variable (class label)variable (sequence)research_data (sequence)doc_id (string)uuid (string)lang (string)
"After the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, the nuclear power renaissance faded and European countries have taken different policy directions for nuclear energy."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"61806"
"a08ee188-e5d0-491b-861d-17d3ee5990fd"
"en"
"In the first step, we deal with the problem of item equivalence."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"61751"
"ea3346c9-a31a-4d3f-8556-4d12a5dd3883"
"en"
"Increased competition over scarce resources, is likely to generate greater hostility toward outgroup members because outgroup members are often perceived as a threat to ingroup prerogatives."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"19926"
"4c920e78-f6a9-418f-9579-d7402a4b1403"
"en"
"In the first step, we use CFA to examine whether this list of items meets the criteria of structural equivalence for our sample of countries."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"61751"
"2ac2524a-20e9-41fa-b727-e8679767544b"
"en"
"ρ kann einerseits als Homogenität innerhalb eines Surveys verstanden werden und andererseits als Anteil der Varianz der Postmaterialismus-Variablen, der auf die Survey-Ebene zurückgeht (Snijders/Bosker 1999: 46)."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4460_Varq532a" ]
[ "ZA4460" ]
"12715"
"9c02d63e-2689-40d3-be83-ba537d6746c6"
"de"
"The structure of the paper is as follows."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"35933"
"e3cbe5f2-898c-4c6c-93ed-3f0306b8fac6"
"en"
"The RM also asked about meditation; this question, however, provides curious results which are probably due to the fact that the concept of meditation has different connotations in the countries in comparison and/or that the item formulations differed between countries (the RM does not provide a documentation of the question wordings in the participating countries)."
1 (1)
[ "unk" ]
[]
"61751"
"138e8797-fa3f-48a3-813f-202c01fa62dc"
"en"
"By setting up a team, people with the necessary language and translatory skills can be brought together with people who understand the goals and structure of an instrument (cf. Harkness & Schoua-Glusberg, 1998; Harkness, 2003; Harkness et al., 2004)."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"49153"
"2c5f4e8b-1575-48b3-a738-da44a4964c35"
"en"
"Samples were selected by the multistage national probability sampling method."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"61806"
"fd937204-f182-45a9-aa60-59c70b6938eb"
"en"
"First, an appreciable part of the influence of the family of origin (represented by the full-lenght bars) is channeled through education (white bars), while second, education is not the only means to allocate individuals to job positions, since the family of origin exerts a direct influence over this process, over and above education (grey bars)."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5890_VarFDEGREE", "exploredata-ZA5890_VarV72", "exploredata-ZA5890_VarV70", "exploredata-ZA5890_VarSEX", "exploredata-ZA5890_VarWRKST", "exploredata-ZA5890_VarEDUCYRS", "exploredata-ZA5890_VarISCO88" ]
[ "ZA5890" ]
"57227"
"8501a357-459b-4f40-a147-1d525998de5b"
"en"
"Indeed, the dominant explanation for the system justification effect has been the assumption of a system motive that runs counter to self/group interests."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5400_VarV53", "unk" ]
[ "ZA5400" ]
"73106"
"c09a64ed-800b-4967-b683-4eb576df9cbf"
"en"
"Second, and related, union membership may be an experience good (Bryson/Gomez 2003)."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA3700_VarV519", "exploredata-ZA3700_VarV517" ]
[ "ZA3700" ]
"35933"
"6168ee32-7a03-492f-a070-01bc40a00981"
"en"
"A slightly different version of the argument emphasizes what scholars call “ethnic fractionalization” in preventing solidarity among citizens."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"30861"
"1789bc0c-acdf-402b-bd09-f38877aeed40"
"en"
"Respondents in Northern European countries (with the exception of Iceland) show a very high association between the perceived and the actual dimension of mobility."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5890_VarV70", "exploredata-ZA5890_VarSEX", "exploredata-ZA5890_VarEDUCYRS", "exploredata-ZA5890_VarISCO88", "unk" ]
[ "ZA5890" ]
"57227"
"a795c2b2-e7c7-42fe-ad0d-74b67162856e"
"en"
"This step of the analysis explores the extent to which this variation in attitudes can be accounted for by country differences in actual policy design and economic conditions."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5400_VarV39", "exploredata-ZA5400_VarV38" ]
[ "ZA5400" ]
"57506"
"0ccaf6fc-cdb0-4e76-a54a-6dfd835827c8"
"en"
"Es wurden drei Hypothesen hinsichtlich des Einlusses auf diese Einstellungen zur Müttererwerbstätigkeit getestet."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4600_VarV114" ]
[ "ZA4600" ]
"39445"
"d4236bab-e407-4be9-ad8d-ab2cd3005f5b"
"de"
"Da ALLBUS und Wohlfahrtssurvey sowohl mehr Wert auf die Methodik im Allgemeinen als auch auf das mögliche Erreichen aller Befragten im Speziellen legen, steht zu vermuten, dass in beiden Serien mehr Personen aus der Gruppe der schwer Erreichbaren befragt werden als bei den Eurobarometer-Untersuchungen."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"12715"
"f05f71a8-9d80-4042-b958-733f89806f3d"
"de"
"Apart from considerations of union tradition, the individual’s socialization and class consciousness, economic and rational-choice considerations suggest that the rather homogeneous preferences and working conditions ofblue-collar workers make them easier to organize than white-collar workers."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA3700_VarV519", "exploredata-ZA3700_VarV233", "exploredata-ZA3700_VarV211", "exploredata-ZA3700_VarV517" ]
[ "ZA3700" ]
"35933"
"7adf521a-795b-4312-8d79-7be55163ccd9"
"en"
"Interessanterweise werden die Grünen vor der ersten Bundestagswahl, an der sie sich beteiligten, fast gleichauf mit der FDP in der moderaten linken Mitte platziert."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV350", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV352", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV351", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV349", "exploredata-ZA5432_VarV351", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV347", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV348" ]
[ "ZA5431", "ZA5432" ]
"56981"
"1896e265-9540-4652-8fe6-93d86ff84bcf"
"de"
"The social mobility index (ie. the difference between respondent’s actual social status and that of his/her father) scores should be about zero for those who answered that their social position was “about equal”."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5890_VarV70", "exploredata-ZA5890_VarSEX", "exploredata-ZA5890_VarEDUCYRS", "exploredata-ZA5890_VarISCO88", "unk" ]
[ "ZA5890" ]
"57227"
"f0d201ff-af30-4a51-92d7-8964f6faf694"
"en"
"Bei ersterer werde eine „gewisse Beliebigkeit von Politik-Zielen unterstellt“(Böltken/Gehring 1984: 50), was sich insbesondere in den wiederkehrenden Ausdrücken man und kann äußert."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"12715"
"4389cb4f-a895-46b1-b192-735dfc5b0a2e"
"de"
"The aspired confidence level of 95% is missed by far for all parties."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"39802"
"f3311b38-a9b2-4300-a7bc-1f345dd9cbfc"
"en"
"Was in den älteren Analysen fehlt, ist eine eigene Valenzdimension, für die die Nähelogik nicht gilt."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"56981"
"b2d5b821-4776-48b6-97af-4a4caca45413"
"de"
"This effect increases with the number of interviews per interviewer."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"39802"
"70d00f9e-1005-41b6-ae96-7e42426171bb"
"en"
"Analog zu den Valenzen sind auch die Distanzen in zwei Variablen zerlegbar: in die ideologische Distanz Wähler-Partei (dik) und in die ideologische Distanz Wähler-Kanzlerkandidat (fik), die wieder auf 0 gesetzt wird für Parteien ohne Kanzlerkandidaten."
1 (1)
[ "unk", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV346" ]
[ "ZA5431" ]
"56981"
"63d55a8b-54b6-4da9-bcbe-f021b1f80e27"
"de"
"In general, respondents were more supportive of employment rights for foreign workers to be provided by employers (minimum wage, accident insurance) than political and social rights to be provided by the state."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA2800_VarV160", "exploredata-ZA2800_VarV161", "exploredata-ZA2800_VarV162", "exploredata-ZA2800_VarV175", "exploredata-ZA2800_VarV159", "exploredata-ZA2800_VarV178", "exploredata-ZA2800_VarV158", "exploredata-ZA2800_VarV47", "exploredata-ZA2800_VarV176", "exploredata-ZA2800_VarV262", "exploredata-ZA2800_VarV177", "exploredata-ZA2800_VarV174" ]
[ "ZA2800" ]
"19926"
"8de67206-da71-48f8-a01a-c52f3605c23b"
"en"
"Responses were dichotomised into ‘positive perceptions’ (‘Very good’ and ‘Rather good’) and ‘negative perceptions’ (‘Very bad’ and ‘Rather bad’)."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5852_Varqa2_2", "exploredata-ZA4972_Varv86" ]
[ "ZA4972", "ZA5852" ]
"61604"
"0e9136c9-7deb-484d-a95f-4d1b6a938a50"
"en"
"Dazu nehmen wir als Normalfall an, dass die Kanzlerkandidaten dieselbe ideologische Position auf der Links-Rechts-Dimension und denselben Valenzwert wie ihre Partei haben."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV114", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV115", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV112", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV103", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV104", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV116", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV347", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV105", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV351", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV111", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV348", "exploredata-ZA3849_VarV12", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV113", "exploredata-ZA2209_VarV67", "unk", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV350", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV352", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV107", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV106", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV110", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV108", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV117", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV349", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV109" ]
[ "ZA5431", "ZA2209", "ZA3849" ]
"56981"
"3cd9adfd-b068-4e76-be7f-f9dc4db6110c"
"de"
"Zudem untersuchen wir auch, ob die Anzahl der Nennungen, die als Indikator für ein mehr oder weniger differenziertes Ausländerbild verstanden werden kann, zur Erklärung der Einstellungsunterschiede beiträgt."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5254_Varanswer", "unk" ]
[ "ZA5254" ]
"61162"
"40d776e4-b4d9-4d2e-98ce-d3884ab13357"
"de"
"Contrary to the aforementioned understandings, a third theoretical approach draws inspiration from modernist school of thought which argues that European identity is an elusive, socially constructed and negotiated reality, something that has a different meaning for each individual and does not really rely on common past (Gellner, 1983)."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5876_Varqd2_1", "exploredata-ZA5876_Varqd3_1" ]
[ "ZA5876" ]
"55534"
"221e056d-5e3e-44f6-8d6b-ea2b31035767"
"en"
"Diese Analyse wird durchgeführt, um die vermutete Differenz in den Einstellungen zur Müttererwerbstätigkeit genauer zu analysieren."
1 (1)
[ "unk" ]
[ "ZA4600" ]
"39445"
"01d07102-508c-4fc3-b01e-08253d31675c"
"de"
"According to SJT, this is because, for the disadvantaged, satisfying their inner yearning for predictability (and control) via support for existing arrangements may come at the expense of relinquishing their struggle for equity/equality (i.e., group interests), and these competing demands are likely to cause cognitive dissonance (Festinger, 1957) — a psychological dilemma that people are often motivated to eliminate/avoid."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5400_VarV66", "exploredata-ZA5400_VarV53" ]
[ "ZA5400" ]
"73106"
"3ca73c98-1bb5-454c-bb84-f70a1aa0411b"
"en"
"The items were taken from ALLBUS and translated into Hebrew."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"19926"
"3a29be7f-5a8c-4625-ba71-acf36598f1e5"
"en"
"Tables 2 and 3 show that the proportion of persons consider themselves as religious, as well as the proportion of those who believe in angels, demons, and hell is somewhat higher in Russia than in Germany and Spain."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4950_VarV63", "exploredata-ZA4950_VarV64", "unk", "exploredata-ZA4950_VarV37" ]
[ "ZA4950" ]
"61751"
"768581a5-a3f8-474b-874a-9015741459c6"
"en"
"West- und Ostdeutsche unterscheiden sich auch dann signifikant in ihrer Zuordnung zu sozialen Schichten, wenn Unterschiede in den Bildungsabschlüssen, dem Niveau der Haushaltsnettoeinkommen und den berufsbezogenen Klassenlagen kontrolliert werden."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4600_VarV3", "exploredata-ZA4600_VarV120" ]
[ "ZA4600" ]
"21642"
"9ecbc14d-9c8c-4f8c-bb62-88b4ee159a0c"
"de"
"Da zudem gleiche Itemversionen häufig mit den gleichen Fragestellungen eingeleitet werden, kann nicht entschieden werden, ob eine (mögliche) Beeinflussung des Postmaterialismus-Index durch die Item- oder die Frageformulierung entsteht."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4460_Varq532a" ]
[ "ZA4460" ]
"12715"
"796efdb2-3e2d-4795-ba5a-2436dbea566e"
"de"
"Passend für die AfD wurde das Thema „Flüchtlinge“auch für die Bevölkerung zu einem immer wichtigeren Thema (Niedermayer et al., 2016, S. 269)."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"51381"
"615e7844-fdb2-46b7-85dc-6fc9c4f35aa8"
"de"
"However, in many cases, this claim leads to the selection of the lowest common denominator of measurable indicators, which do not have the same relevance in all countries."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"61751"
"ffac6a40-defc-4103-a8dd-b5b1a5664928"
"en"
"Generell haben die Befragten zumeist an spezifische Nationalitäten gedacht."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"61162"
"0c32941e-ec15-4c23-b36d-e60266976e98"
"de"
"Das deutsche Parteiensystem ist durch eine stabile Grundstruktur gekennzeichnet, in der sich zwei Blöcke gegenüberstehen: ein rechter konservativer Block unter Unionsführung und ein linker Block unter SPD-Führung."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"56981"
"3c9080d7-6ec7-4280-92c1-323b9e1014ae"
"de"
"Functional equivalence in cross-cultural surveys is checked with the usual methods of reliability testing and item statistics."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"61751"
"dd44b845-0761-412d-8cb9-df3373df35a4"
"en"
"For both groups of lowly-and highly-educated employees, we expect a higher probability of ‘never-membership’ than for our reference group with medium-level education because recruitment costs should be higher for these groups than for the (rather homogeneous) group of skilled workers traditionally represented by the trade unions."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA3700_VarV519", "exploredata-ZA3700_VarV187", "exploredata-ZA3700_VarV548", "exploredata-ZA3700_VarV517" ]
[ "ZA3700" ]
"35933"
"aa453717-9538-497c-aed6-5cfad52d15ce"
"en"
"Da, wie zuvor erläutert, Postmaterialisten schwieriger zu erreichen sind, kann folgende gerichtete Hypothese aufgestellt werden: H2: In Stichproben, die aus Einwohnermelderegistern gezogen werden, ist die Wahrscheinlichkeit, ein Interview mit einem Postmaterialisten zu realisieren höher als in Stichproben nach dem Random-Route Verfahren."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4460_VarQ535b_12", "exploredata-ZA4460_Varq532a" ]
[ "ZA4460" ]
"12715"
"e29dfa72-165b-4d96-b391-5234a931224c"
"de"
"Diese herausgehobene Stellung hängt von der Stimmenführerschaft bei den Zweitstimmen und von der Fähigkeit ab, Direktmandate zu gewinnen."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"56981"
"40c7e291-8871-449d-aa9a-71d1d9db6013"
"de"
"Diese Unterschiede zwischen Staaten werden von den Autoren als Unterschiede in der Ausprägung der Vorurteile interpretiert."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"20515"
"45dac894-f6dc-4d4b-9a84-9b3808c1c29d"
"de"
"Anhand verschiedener Statistiken (wie Χ2, RMSEA, vgl. Reinecke 2005) lässt sich dann beurteilen, ob das theoretisch postulierte Modell angemessen ist oder nicht."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"20515"
"bd745f90-22dc-4e4c-b760-079fa2e6b134"
"de"
"Die Verbreitung des Internet und der Zugriff auf bestimmte Seiten ist recht gut belegt."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"21091"
"1fdf6de1-4323-4dc2-9c89-16da3bf07ae9"
"de"
"Der gesellschaftliche Diskurs über erwerbstätige Mütter ist aber weiterhin aktuell."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"39445"
"11cc6d10-7375-47ef-a966-31437aaf7e71"
"de"
"Basierend auf den neun Umweltrisiken ergibt die Korrespondenzanalyse zwei Dimensionen: Eine Differenzierung entlang Problemen, die mit naturräumlichen Gegebenheiten wie Wasserknappheit in Zusammenhang stehen, sowie sozial induzierten Alltagsproblemen wie Müllentsorgung und sozial bedingten weitreichenden Problemen wie Klimawandel und Atommüll."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5500_Varv17" ]
[ "ZA5500" ]
"51971"
"7a2c8e41-c35b-4cb7-a428-193fba440f85"
"de"
"Bei Betrachtung der differenzierten Schichtkategorien wird deutlich, dass auf die Unterschicht (West 3%, Ost 7%) und Oberschicht (West 0, 5%, Ost 0, 2%) in beiden Landesteilen nur marginale Bevölkerungsanteile entfallen, wenngleich sich auch bei der Betrachtung der „Randschichten“die Tendenz zu einer höheren Einstufung der Westdeutschen manifestiert."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4600_VarV3", "exploredata-ZA4600_VarV120" ]
[ "ZA4600" ]
"21642"
"50730995-d95a-4f7b-9a5d-94ab45913de2"
"de"
"Die Autoren zeigen, dass private Haushalte den größten Energieverbrauch aufweisen, wenn diese über ein überdurchschnittliches Äquivalenzeinkommen verfügen, es sich um ältere Paarhaushalte handelt, deren Kinder erwachsen sind und nicht mehr im elterlichen Haushalt leben, und obendrein ein großes Haus bewohnt wird, dessen Eigentümer sie selbst sind."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"51971"
"cdee2538-0690-447d-9954-ad4a49e83834"
"de"
"Am Ende der Hierarchie stehen qualifizierte und einfache Arbeiter."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4600_VarV120", "exploredata-ZA4600_VarV199" ]
[ "ZA4600" ]
"21642"
"9ad7511b-706b-4320-9219-8527aa909ab7"
"de"
"Vergleicht man nun für den ersten Fall die beiden Prognosen – auf Basis der tatsächlichen Werte und auf Basis der kontrafaktischen Werte – verändern sich die Anteile der fünf Parteien erst an der dritten Stelle nach dem Komma."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"56981"
"cd948082-6d92-4a35-abfd-ed264a74e46c"
"de"
"Harkness (1995, 2003, 2004) has suggested using rough or “advance” translation to inform source questionnaire design for comparative projects."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"49153"
"155af2b3-d4b5-43f2-b31b-9c95e95f4fe9"
"en"
"Weiterhin wird geprüft, welche Rolle sozialstrukturelle Merkmale für das subjektive Wohlbefinden spielen."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"21312"
"b2ff6992-c462-4841-ad41-d25cb063d64e"
"de"
"The rate of response was 50 percent which is typical in the Israeli society."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"19926"
"6e55b114-55c7-4aa2-b31f-d0145660097d"
"en"
"These results largely replicate findings by Bernardi and Ballarino (2016a), whose analyses showed that in most of the countries considered the DESO did not change over time."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"57227"
"4dcc6249-00e1-41ff-879c-c2de167245cd"
"en"
"Perceived threat from foreign workers is higher among Jews from Asian-African origin and Arabs (subordinate groups) that are more likely to depend on welfare and state resources than among Jews from European-American origin (the superordinate group)."
1 (1)
[ "unk" ]
[]
"19926"
"b2715ade-ef37-4281-a636-e44bfb5cd848"
"en"
"Daher wird diese zunächst theoretisch begründet und empirisch geprüft: Postmaterialisten weisen aufgrund ihres tendenziell höheren Bildungsabschlusses (Böltken/Gehring 1984: 46; Schnell 1993: 27; Kroh 2008: 484) und des damit verbundenen tendenziell größeren Einkommens vermutlich eine höhere Mobilität auf."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4460_Varq532a", "exploredata-ZA4460_VarQ535b_12", "exploredata-ZA3778_Varv320", "exploredata-ZA3778_Varv304_de" ]
[ "ZA4460", "ZA3778" ]
"12715"
"e58af81e-7c1f-46e6-bd18-3bdbef9e4c9a"
"de"
"Man sollte jedoch nicht vergessen, dass die Analyse auf einem dreijährigen Panel beruhte und eine relativ kleine Stichprobe von 1.165 Befragten aus zwei verschiedenen Städten verwendet wurde."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"34546"
"e2c4913a-16a0-42d5-a205-50d4aa433dda"
"de"
"Die Erwerbsquoten von ostdeutschen Frauen mit Kindern haben sich trotz neuer sozialpolitischer Rahmenbedingungen nicht an das westdeutsche Erwerbsniveau angenähert."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"39445"
"3d051492-4f4d-47f1-9843-b3779c84eb77"
"de"
"What this means for explaining the decline in union membership can be demonstrated using the example of full time workers."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"34392"
"6dddba33-ba3e-4eee-8885-b722f0829a6e"
"en"
"Es gab keinen gesellschaftlichen oder politischen Diskurs über die Notwendigkeit oder Umsetzung der Integration."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"39445"
"e1da333f-5f54-4153-a816-46bcae074843"
"de"
"We retrieved the data on electricity prices (unit: kWh per capita) from Eurostat [37]."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"61806"
"d388d83c-ea1f-4b66-8fdc-a3fcef5758ac"
"en"
"Dies waren zum einen die Übergriffe in der Silvesternacht in Köln durch Nordafrikaner, des Weiteren die durch die Flüchtlingsproblematik geprägten Landtagswahlkämpfe und wahlen in Baden-Württemberg, Rheinland-Pfalz und Sachsen-Anhalt und zu guter Letzt die islamistischen Terroranschläge in Brüssel."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"51381"
"6f3e7869-3555-495a-8d1b-e2ed3af9d1c6"
"de"
"Rather, our aim was to use insights from the TSST to offer a new identity-based explanation for the system justification effect among society’s disadvantaged."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5400_VarV53", "unk" ]
[ "ZA5400" ]
"73106"
"3657ab24-cce1-4a04-93ee-92e646346466"
"en"
"Results suggest that popular beliefs about the legitimate scope of the market are shaped by the actual role that markets play in a society."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"57506"
"beda03a2-ba4a-46b1-9d53-7abe8ee4faa0"
"en"
"We obtained the difference of deviance between Model 1 and Model 4, and then executed the Chi- square test with the degree of freedom."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"61806"
"2af1d439-6de4-4806-a6f2-6ec32da7f4a7"
"en"
"Die Ergebnisse werden in diesem Beitrag nur kurz zusammengefasst, detaillierte Ergebnisse und Tabellen können bei den Autoren angefragt werden."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"51971"
"5ef2cfe2-039f-4cf9-b850-02162b37d4a6"
"de"
"Still, ODA-H remains a major determinant of global health outcomes, as it represents a relatively stable source of funding for major global health programmes."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"61598"
"7ca4c753-121d-4866-9f2c-f2349b3de9c8"
"en"
"The hypothesis of increasing poll accuracy is not supported by the data."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"39802"
"ec06e5f9-fe75-4456-8c53-04c663413977"
"en"
"The data clearly reveal that respondents differentiate between rights provided by the state vis a vis rights that should be provided by employers."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"19926"
"f746fe2d-913c-4bc6-8e05-1efa242b7b7e"
"en"
"Commonly used fit measures in CFAs are the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), the standardized root mean squared residual (SRMR), and the comparative fit index (CFI)."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"61751"
"714ec4ba-741c-4be4-9bfb-af2040147d1b"
"en"
"Darüber hinausgehend wurde zweitens versucht, Unterschiede im Ausmaß der Vorurteile zwischen verschiedenen Staaten (oder besser: zwischen Befragten verschiedener Staaten) zu erklären."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA3296_Varv305", "unk" ]
[ "ZA3296" ]
"20515"
"1ccb700b-48a2-422c-b882-df92ad02b5c7"
"de"
"Inequality decreased in eight of them (Bulgaria, Hungary, the Slovak Republic, Cyprus, Spain, Norway, Australia, Canada), but did not change in the remaining countries."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"57227"
"7da40465-3d4b-4804-9bf2-ab5a10d06173"
"en"
"Diese beiden Punkte lassen sich am einfachsten an zwei normalverteilten Variablen X und Y veranschaulichen."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"20515"
"1b25f397-4b72-4085-8d8c-3b9df1a5ed9a"
"de"
"TSST assumes that as long as these temporal comparisons are favorable (in the present or future), system justification should be a likely outcome amongst members of intermediately placed disadvantaged groups because, they are distinctly enabled by their uniquely malleable position to exploit fluctuations within the system."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5400_VarV66", "exploredata-ZA5400_VarV53" ]
[ "ZA5400" ]
"73106"
"b7bf76d1-c618-44b5-8f58-69b2a76446f3"
"en"
"Overall, data from Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Austria revealed the highest proportions of positive perceptions."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5852_Varqa2_2", "unk" ]
[ "ZA5852" ]
"61604"
"33507d9e-0a34-490f-90a6-2b7fbb4308c6"
"en"
"Interessant ist, dass Ingleharts Aufstieg zum „weltweit wichtigsten Theoretiker des Wertewandels und einem der bekanntesten Sozialwissenschaftler überhaupt“(Klein 2005: 265) nach Saris und Kaase (1997: 6) nur dadurch möglich wurde, dass es ihm gelang, die Fragen zum Postmaterialismus-Index im Eurobarometer zu platzieren."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4460_Varq532a", "exploredata-ZA4460_VarQ535b_12" ]
[ "ZA4460" ]
"12715"
"f0482702-5f2b-44ff-8d57-010a2db6221e"
"de"
"The ad-hoc theoretical weighting of the polling results is neither documented, nor helpful: Although in some cases a reduction of error by theoretical weighting cannot be excluded a priori, systematic evidence favoring theoretical weighting has not been published."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"39802"
"14a9b890-7114-4e1e-94de-d50a16b17624"
"en"
"Für Arbeitslose in Freiburg ist die relative Chance, aus dem Wohnort wegzuziehen, etwa acht Mal so hoch wie in Magdeburg."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4600_VarV3", "exploredata-ZA4600_VarV669", "exploredata-ZA4600_VarV219", "unk" ]
[ "ZA4600" ]
"34546"
"d2d04892-a9c4-4d71-8216-b8b7e9de6150"
"de"
"Hier erwarteten nur 9% der Erwerbstätigen weniger als die Hälfte ihres vorherigen Erwerbseinkommens ersetzt zu bekommen, sollten sie arbeitslos werden."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5566_Varqa14" ]
[ "ZA5566" ]
"37769"
"ea657e5e-c383-4990-807b-62be7acb3341"
"de"
"In solchen Situationen liefert die Korrektur von Stratifi zierungs-Verzerrungen konsistente Schätzungen der wahren Regressions- steigungen."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"34546"
"5485ec67-f5cb-421d-9260-960c4a152e1a"
"de"
"Um eine Linkszensierung von Episoden zu vermeiden, wurde der Startzeitpunkt eines jeden Status erhoben (z.B. beschäftigt, arbeitslos, in Partnerschaft, zusammenlebend), der zu Beginn der Panelstudie bestand."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4600_VarV309", "exploredata-ZA4600_VarV212" ]
[ "ZA4600" ]
"34546"
"f413beca-bca7-4853-bf24-b66d3e3c25e9"
"de"
"For these scholars cultural and geographical constraints do not really matter (Anderson, 1991)."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"55534"
"42124ea8-3610-431f-a452-39b40d16c952"
"en"
"This suggested that the psychometric factor’s impact on acceptance can vary with countries."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4976_Varv105", "exploredata-ZA4976_Varv114", "exploredata-ZA4976_Varv130", "exploredata-ZA4976_Varv88", "exploredata-ZA4976_Varv107", "exploredata-ZA4976_Varv106" ]
[ "ZA4976" ]
"61806"
"a9411565-d49e-4e8d-853e-78a434f545f1"
"en"
"Entsprechend der Einschätzung ihrer Arbeitsplatzsicherheit bewerteten die Arbeitnehmer in Südeuropa ihre Lage auch bezüglich ihrer Wiederbeschäftigungschancen als besonders kritisch."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5566_Varqa1_1", "exploredata-ZA5566_Varqa8", "exploredata-ZA5566_Varqa7", "exploredata-ZA5566_Varqa9" ]
[ "ZA5566" ]
"37769"
"8b149571-451d-4e5c-ba1f-6129c063242b"
"de"
"Das spricht für eine gesamtdeutsche Öffentlichkeit bei der Beurteilung von Parteien und Kanzlerkandidaten, wenn man einmal die verschiedenen politischen Standpunkte der Befragten, also ihre Nähelogik, in Rechnung gestellt hat."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV350", "unk", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV352", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV351", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV349", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV347", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV346", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV348" ]
[ "ZA5431" ]
"56981"
"36af905a-b7e3-4d38-8735-1b42aed2824a"
"de"
"Wendt et al found public expenditure on health to be a significant determinant of perceptions, irrespective of whether there was a corresponding increase in other sources of finance, such as the private sector."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5852_Varqa2_2" ]
[ "ZA5852" ]
"61604"
"fa282e18-85e9-4315-b7ec-697db3e95b9a"
"en"
"According to Kim et al. [16], supplying electricity by nuclear energy influences acceptance of nuclear power."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4976_Varv136" ]
[ "ZA4976" ]
"61806"
"cc2e7f73-d509-4131-b42b-8600ac0890ff"
"en"
"Mit steigender Modernisierung nimmt der Prozess der Individualisierung zu, in dessen Verlauf gesellschaftliche Traditionen und Institutionen immer weniger im Denken und Handeln präsent sind (van den Broek/Heunks 1994: 72)."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"39445"
"d6623bae-1932-4566-b497-61ff5d98d4d2"
"de"
"Auffällig ist dabei nur, dass die Valenzwerte der PDS bzw. Linken von 1994 bis 2013 ziemlich stabil bleiben, im Gegensatz zu den Zweitstimmenanteilen der Partei."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV350", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV352", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV351", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV349", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV347", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV346", "exploredata-ZA5431_VarV348" ]
[ "ZA5431" ]
"56981"
"7f8826a5-f30a-4766-9507-8eff9b165cb4"
"de"
"In der frühen Bundesrepublik wurde eine erste Zuwanderungswelle durch die Anwerbeabkommen für Gastarbeiter mit Ländern im südeuropäischen Raum ausgelöst."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"51380"
"12c346a8-6a2f-470a-af95-b8f35d107578"
"de"
"However, in a rare example of a study that focuses specifically on the role of the market in social services, Svallfors (2007) compared attitudes across four countries: Sweden, Germany, the United States and Great Britain (using ISSP data from 1999)."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"57506"
"08fd2c00-1a06-4d2f-982d-54f95ef6e643"
"en"
"Ähnlich wie in der DDR wurden auch hier sämtliche Propagandawerkzeuge genutzt, um die Leitbilder der Hausfrau und des männlichen Familienernährers in der Gesellschaft zu verankern."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"39445"
"90f20e0a-c791-4773-b822-b56443a2c81d"
"de"
"Wie in Abbildung 1 ersichtlich hat sich der Anteil der Befragten, die meinen, die Sozialleistungen sollten ausgeweitet werden, sowohl in Ost- wie auch Westdeutschland mehr als halbiert: Sprachen sich 1994 in Ostdeutschland noch knapp 72% dafür aus, war das Niveau 2004 mit ca. 32% beinahe auf dem Westniveau von 1994 angekommen."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA3762_VarV460", "exploredata-ZA3762_VarV171", "exploredata-ZA3762_VarV3" ]
[ "ZA3762" ]
"21091"
"9fbd49b9-7a34-4b0a-97ad-f5653916350e"
"de"
"Social scientists are better poised now than ever to provide convincing answers to questions like ours."
0 (0)
[]
[]
"30861"
"9e091d05-8523-4fd0-a45f-7f2b4006dd34"
"en"
"The five dimensions (sub-scales) were combined to a single scale which claims to measure the “centrality of religion” for respondents from different religious backgrounds (monotheistic or poly-theistic/non-theistic; Huber, 2009)."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4950_VarRELIGGRP" ]
[ "ZA4950" ]
"61751"
"d2d3ce9d-3af2-4dc8-a763-60c43a21b4ba"
"en"
"Französische und irische Befragte stimmen dem Indikator Sozialsystem bei gleichen Einstellungen eher zu als Befragte anderer Staaten, weshalb die Zustimmung zu diesem Indikator nicht in gleichem Maße wie in anderen Staaten Vorurteile widerspiegelt."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA3296_Varv270", "unk" ]
[ "ZA3296" ]
"20515"
"2cd61dac-2f02-462e-819b-1a33d5b5e79f"
"de"
"However, a small portion of respondents, such as 4.6% in Austria, followed by 4.8% in Greece and 7.7% in Germany, declared their support for nuclear power."
1 (1)
[ "exploredata-ZA4976_Varv130" ]
[ "ZA4976" ]
"61806"
"8e551364-2183-472b-912e-201c726fb7e9"
"en"
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

Dataset Card for SV-Ident

Dataset Summary

SV-Ident comprises 4,248 sentences from social science publications in English and German. The data is the official data for the Shared Task: “Survey Variable Identification in Social Science Publications” (SV-Ident) 2022. Visit the homepage to find out more details about the shared task.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

The dataset supports:

  • Variable Detection: identifying whether a sentence contains a variable mention or not.

  • Variable Disambiguation: identifying which variable from a given vocabulary is mentioned in a sentence. NOTE: for this task, you will need to also download the variable metadata from here.

Languages

The text in the dataset is in English and German, as written by researchers. The domain of the texts is scientific publications in the social sciences.

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

{
  "sentence": "Our point, however, is that so long as downward (favorable comparisons overwhelm the potential for unfavorable comparisons, system justification should be a likely outcome amongst the disadvantaged.",
  "is_variable": 1,
  "variable": ["exploredata-ZA5400_VarV66", "exploredata-ZA5400_VarV53"],
  "research_data": ["ZA5400"],
  "doc_id": "73106",
  "uuid": "b9fbb80f-3492-4b42-b9d5-0254cc33ac10",
  "lang": "en",
}

Data Fields

The following data fields are provided for documents:

`sentence`:       Textual instance, which may contain a variable mention.<br />
`is_variable`:    Label, whether the textual instance contains a variable mention (1) or not (0). This column can be used for Task 1 (Variable Detection).<br />
`variable`:       Variables (separated by a comma ";") that are mentioned in the textual instance. This column can be used for Task 2 (Variable Disambiguation). Variables with the "unk" tag could not be mapped to a unique variable.<br />
`research_data`:  Research data IDs (separated by a ";") that are relevant for each instance (and in general for each "doc_id").<br />
`doc_id`:         ID of the source document. Each document is written in one language (either English or German).<br />
`uuid`:           Unique ID of the instance in uuid4 format.<br />
`lang`:           Language of the sentence.

The language for each document can be found in the document-language mapping file here, which maps doc_id to a language code (en, de). The variables metadata (i.e., the vocabulary) can be downloaded from this link. Note, that each research_data contains hundreds of variables (these can be understood as the corpus of documents to choose the most relevant from). If the variable has an "unk" tag, it means that the sentence contains a variable that has not been disambiguated. Such sentences could be used for Task 1 and filtered out for Task 2. The metadata file has the following format:

{
  "research_data_id_1": {
    "variable_id_1": VARIABLE_METADATA,
    ...
    "variable_id_n": VARIABLE_METADATA,
  },
  ...
  "research_data_id_n": {...},
}

Each variable may contain all (or some) of the following values:

study_title:        The title of the research data study.
variable_label:     The label of the variable.
variable_name:      The name of the variable.
question_text:      The question of the variable in the original language.
question_text_en:   The question of the variable in English.
sub_question:       The sub-question of the variable.
item_categories:    The item categories of the variable.
answer_categories:  The answers of the variable.
topic:              The topics of the variable in the original language.
topic_en:           The topics of the variable in English.

Data Splits

Split Number of sentences
Train 3,823
Validation 425

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

The dataset was curated by the VADIS project (https://vadis-project.github.io/). The documents were annotated by two expert annotators.

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

The original data are available at GESIS (https://www.gesis.org/home) in an unprocessed format.

Who are the source language producers?

[Needs More Information]

Annotations

Annotation process

[Needs More Information]

Who are the annotators?

The documents were annotated by two expert annotators.

Personal and Sensitive Information

The dataset does not include personal or sensitive information.

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

[Needs More Information]

Discussion of Biases

[Needs More Information]

Other Known Limitations

[Needs More Information]

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

VADIS project (https://vadis-project.github.io/)

Licensing Information

All documents originate from the Social Science Open Access Repository (SSOAR) and are licensed accordingly. The original document URLs are provided in document_urls.json. For more information on licensing, please refer to the terms and conditions on the SSAOR Grant of Licenses page.

Citation Information

@misc{sv-ident,
    author={vadis-project},
    title={SV-Ident},
    year={2022},
    url={https://github.com/vadis-project/sv-ident},
    }

Contributions

[Needs More Information]